WARRANT OFFICER HISTORY
1. FIRST APPOINTMENT. The first appointment of an American Warrant Officer was within the U.S. Navy on December 23, 1775, on the American Ship Andrea Doria. The first Army Warrant Officer was appointed on 7 July 1918, when the Army Warrant Officer Corps was created by an act of Congress.
2. DEFINITION. In 1956 the first official definition of a Warrant Officer was published in AR 611-112. The first professional development program for warrant officers was established in 1969, with the Warrant Officer Career College at Fort Rucker, Alabama, created. A Warrant Officer Division, at Headquarters, Department of the Army, was established in 1974 to provide personnel management for all warrant officers.
3. ENTRY COURSE. By the 1980s Warrant Officers were an integral part of virtually all branches of the Army, serving in 70 career fields, totaling about 15,000 men and women. The first Warrant Officer entry course was established in 1983, at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland for Ordnance.
4. TWOS. By 1984 The Chief of Staff of the Army chartered a study called the Total Warrant Officer Study (TWOS). This was the most definitive study of the Army Warrant Officer and resulted in numerous changes to warrant officer programs. Changes involved accessioning, recruitment, training, promotion, utilization, and separation.
5. WOMA. Legislative recommendations from TWOS were introduced to Congress in 1988 as the Warrant Officer Management Act (WOMA) and became law in December of 1988. It ensured that all warrant officer entry courses were standardized.
6. WOLDAP. Based on WOMA, a Warrant Officer Leader Development Action Plan (WOLDAP) was developed and approved by the Chief of Staff of the Army in 1992. WOLDAP brought many changes to include; changes in structure, training, clarification and grading of positions, and the creation of the CW5 position.
7. CAREER CENTER. The Total Army Warrant Officer Career Center and the First Warrant Officer Company at Ft. Rucker, Alabama were created and became the centerpiece of the warrant officer education system in October 1992.
MINIMUM ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS
1. AGE: For technical specialties, applicants must be at least 18 and have not attained age 46, on the date of initial appointment. Waivers of the maximum age requirement may be granted by the Chief, National Guard Bureau on a case by case basis. Applicants for rated aviator positions must be programmed to begin flight training before attaining age 33. Waivers of maximum age for aviator applicants may be approved on a limited basis. In view of the fact there is a separate procedure for aviation warrant officer candidates a separate fact sheet is provided on page 14 for review. It provides an overview for aviation candidates.
2. CITIZENSHIP: Must be a US citizen by birth or naturalization.
3. MENTAL APTITUDE: Score 110 or higher on the GT aptitude test. For aviation applicants, applicants must take the Alternate Flight Aptitude Selection Test (AFAST). Minimum passing score is 90. Tests may be scheduled through MNRR, CW3 O'Keefe (518) 272-6353.
4. EDUCATION: High School Graduate or pass the General Education Development (GED) test at the high school level.
5. ENGLISH LANGUAGE COMPETENCY: Must have a demonstrated understanding and proficiency in the English language. Applicants whose native language is other than English must achieve a minimum score of 80 on the English Comprehensive Level Test (ECLT). Proficiency in English cannot be overemphasized. The only way a candidate can keep up with the administrative requirements is to be competent in the English language, to include reading, and writing. Most WO MOSs require 6 credit hours of college level English.
6. SECURITY CLEARANCE: A valid final or interim secret security clearance is required prior to entry into WOCS (Warrant Officer Candidate School). Some specialties' require a higher than secret level, (See DA Pamphlet 611-21).
7. PHYSICAL: Must pass an appointment physical in accordance with Chapter 2, AR 40-501, within two years from date of appointment as a warrant officer, and also meet height and weight standards of AR 600-9. See DA Pamphlet 611-21 for additional physical requirements for individual MOSs.
8. LEADERSHIP: Must possess outstanding leadership traits.
9. PAY GRADE: Applicants must be at least SGT (E-5) or have attained the grade established by MOS proponents as shown in DA Circular 601-99-1. Applicants below the grade of SGT, will be administratively promoted to pay grade E-5 by MNP-OPM upon entering WOES in accordance with NGR 600-101, paragraph 2-11c. Former commissioned and warrant officers are eligible for appointment without attending WOCS but must complete the predetermination process to be approved for entry into a warrant officer career.
10. SPECIFIC MOS REQUIREMENTS: Must meet specific MOS requirements of DA Pamphlet 601-6. (See also Appendix F, NYARNG Regulation 611-2). Former commissioned or warrant officers may also be considered based on their prior service qualifications both as enlisted soldiers and as officers.
1. SECURE A VACANCY. To become a Warrant Officer, a soldier must be able to fill an existing or projected unit vacancy in an MOS. This step is the same for an enlisted soldier, former warrant officer, or commissioned officer. This MOS must be one for which the enlisted soldier has an awarded PMOS, SMOS, or AMOS listed as a feeder MOS (See DA Circular 601-6). If there are no vacancies in the current unit of assignment, qualified soldiers are encouraged to apply for appointment in another unit where vacancies exist, or are projected to occur. Former warrant officers should apply for an MOS they previously were qualified in, while commissioned officers may apply for the MOS they have the best qualifications for, using both commissioned and former enlisted service.
2. REVIEW PROCESS. Unit Commanders of the unit where the vacancy exists must conduct an interview with the applicant(s), and if necessary conduct a unit review board to select the best applicant and alternates. This process is based on obtaining a soldier with the best technical ability and leadership potential. This is an important responsibility, in that the individual selected must have demonstrated the ability to understand, convey, and execute orders, while serving as a trainer, a teacher, counselor, and team leader. The ability to continue to think and make good decisions under pressure is of particular importance. For the sake of the service and the individual selected this should not be just a reward for service in the unit, it should be a careful, well thought out decision.
3. SELECTION BOARD/MENTOR. The Selection Review board should include, if possible, a warrant officer qualified in MOS for which the applicant is being considered. After the commander makes his/her selection, an officer or warrant officer mentor should be assigned to assist the candidate in preparing the "Predetermination Packet" covered in the next section.
1. REQUEST. The first step in the qualification process is the requirement for requesting approval from the Department of the Army MOS proponent for entry into the career field. This is called a request for predetermination. This application is prepared in conjunction with MNRR-OSF, ATTN: CW4 Jacqueline O'Keefe. The request will be prepared utilizing the Predetermination Packet Checklist, NYARNG Form 611-2-11, and the Resume format shown on this web site. The Predetermination Packet Checklist is the first of the three available (all within a single file) in either MS Word or Adobe Acrobat format at the bottom of this page.
The predetermination checklist includes
2. PROPONENT REVIEW. Once the packet is complete is scanned to the Proponent of that particular MOS. If the packet is disapproved it will be returned through command channels to the requestor for additional documentation. If the packet is approved it will be forwarded from the MOS proponent to MNRR-OSF. This process takes between 30 and 60 days, depending on the MOS proponent. If the packet requires an NGB waiver then the packet is processed thru NGB. This process takes between 60 and 120 days, depending on the MOS proponent.
3. DISPOSITION. Once the Predetermination packet is returned approved, then the Warrant Officer Screening packet is prepared. This packet, which is the second step in the process, is covered in the next section of this guide.
WARRANT OFFICER CANDIDATE APPOINTMENT SCREENING
1. WOCS APPOINTMENT SCREENING. Upon receipt of a favorable predetermination package the applicant must complete an appointment screening packet for consideration by the Federal Recognition Board held at Joint Forces Headquarters. These boards are held on a monthly basis. The board is conducted by the Senior Army Advisor and selected New York Army National Guard field grade officers. The purpose of this board is to determine eligibility for attendance at the Warrant Officer Candidate School (WOCS) and appointment.
2. WOCS APPPOINTMENT SCREENING PACKET. The Warrant Officer Appointment Screening Checklist, NYARNG 611-2-10, is comprised of. (Checklist is provided at end of this guide)
3. FEDERAL RECOGNITION BOARD REVIEW. Completed warrant officer screening application will be reviewed by MNRR and forwarded to MNP-OPM for submission to Federal Recognition Board. Boards are held on a monthly basis with dates announced by the Senior Army Advisor. Packet submission must be submitted 10 days prior to FRB.
4. BOARD RECOMMENDATION. If the board finds the applicant qualified, an order appointing him/her as a Warrant Officer Candidate (WOC) is issued and a primary MOS of 09W00 is awarded. If the board does not find the applicant qualified the packet will be returned with any additional requirements noted. Packet may then be resubmitted for consideration once requirements have been met.
5. WOCS APPLICATION. After appointment as a WOC, the unit/command will request a class quota at the Warrant Officer Candidate School (WOCS) at Ft. Rucker, Alabama, or RTI via ATRRS. Each command will ensure that a mentor, preferably a recent WOCS graduate, helps prepare the candidate.
6. Former Warrant Officers and Commissioned Officers. Applicants in this category must complete a packet using the Warrant Officer Reappointment/New Appointment Checklist, NYARNG Form 611-2-3, which may be found at the end of this guide. MNRR-OSF in conjunction with MNP-OPM will prepare a board package and forwarded it to the federal recognition board for approval. Once approved, and the board package is returned back to MNP-OPM with the completed NGB Form 89 (Federal Recognition Board Report) and an appointment order will be prepared with a package and forwarded to the National Guard Bureau requesting federal recognition.
APPOINTMENT / WOCS ATTENDANCE
WARRANT OFFICER CANDIDATES (WOC)
1. Each WOC will either attend the Warrant Officer Candidate School (WOCS) at Fort Rucker, Alabama or the RTI based WOCS program. Warrant Officer Candidate School is conducted under the guidance and direction of the Warrant Officer Career Center (WOCC). This school is a high stress environment that challenges the soldier both physically and mentally.
2. The objective of this school is to ensure the candidate possess the mental and physical stamina, leadership, communication skills, and the attention to detail to become a Warrant Officer. Both the Active and Reserve components must meet the same requirements for entry and graduation of this course.
3. APPOINTMENT. The school notifies MNP-OPM of expected graduates approximately two weeks prior to the course end date.
WARRANT OFFICER BASIC COURSE (WOBC)
1. The final event of becoming a fully qualified warrant officer is the completion of the Warrant Officer Basic Course (WOBC) or Initial Entry Rotary Wing (IERW) for Aviators. WOBC must be successfully completed within two years from the date of appointment as a warrant officer. This can be extended by NGB on a case by case basis for one additional year when extenuating circumstances exist.
2. The Warrant Officer Basic course trains and certifies newly appointed Warrant Officers who are technically qualified to perform in the assigned MOS. There are three methods for completion of WOBC:
3. Attendance at the RC or AC version for traditional soldiers and military technicians is based on the proponent's determination for each applicant. If a MOS proponent specifies applicant must attend the AC course then the individual must do so to be MOS certified. No waiver of this requirement is authorized.
AVIATION WARRANT OFFICER CANDIDATE FLIGHT SCHOOL FACT SHEET
1. GENERAL. The following information is provided concerning individuals who desire to apply for Warrant Officer Candidate (WOC) training in the aviation field.
2. BASIC QUALIFICATIONS. Applicants must be at least 18, but not have reached 33 years. Age waivers may be granted.
Step 1: Each applicant must first contact MNRR-OSF, CW3 O'Keefe to schedule aptitude test for aviation (AFAST). The test is administered by a Facility Test Control Officer. A score of 90 or higher is required.
Step 2: Once the FAST requirement has been met, then the applicant is required to schedule a Class IA, Flight Physical, at the closest military medical facility, such as Fort Hamilton, West Point, or Fort Drum. The phone number and point of contact will be provided by CW3 O'Keefe.
Step 3: Once the physical has been taken, it is forwarded to the US Army Aeromedical Center, Ft. Rucker, Alabama for review. For those applicants who successfully pass the physical examination, the next step is to coordinate with CW3 O'Keefe to prepare the flight school packet.
Step 4: Once the packet is completed Facility Commanders will conduct Flight Evaluation Board (FEB).
Step 5: If approved, the State Aviation Officer will select a position vacancy, notify the individual selected, and forward the application for flight school. Once selected for school, notification will be provided with school attendance orders and administrative instructions issued.
1. NGR 600-101, Warrant Officers - Federal Recognition and Related Personnel Actions, dated 1 October 1996, w/interim change 1.
2. NYARNG Regulation 611-2, The Warrant Officer System, dated 1 December 2001.
3. DA Circular 601-6, Warrant Officer Procurement Program, dated 14 June 2006.
4. DA Pamphlet 611-21, Military Occupational Classification and Structure, dated 31 March 1999.
5. DA Pamphlet 600-11, Warrant Officer Professional Development, 30 December 1996.
POINTS OF CONTACT
|CW5 Mario Collorafi
Command Chief Warrant Officer
Peekskill: 914-373-1927 ext. 20 Watervliet: 518-272-4001
|CW3 Heather Ruter
NYARNG WO Recruiter, MNRR-OSF
Watervliet Arsenal ATTN: MNRR-OSF (CW3 Ruter)
1 Buffington Street
Watervliet, NY 12189-4050
|CW2 Peter L. Padilla
NYARNG WO Recruiter, MNRR-OSF
Watervliet Arsenal ATTN: MNRR-OSF (CW2 PADILLA)
1 Buffington Street
Watervliet, NY 12189-4050
|CW3 Kelly Fancher
WO Actions Officer, MNP-OPM
HQ NYARNG ATTN: MNP, Building 25
1 Buffington Street
Watervliet, NY 12189-4000
All three required checklists identified and described above are available as a single PDF, and can be downloaded here.