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Black Americans in the US Military from the American Revolution to the Korean War:
The Spanish American War and the Philippine Insurgency

Realizing that the American forces were superior to the Spanish defenses around the city, Governor-General Fermín Jáudenes y Álvarez had to make a choice. He decided he would rather lose the city to Americans than the “undisciplined native insurgents.” (Pike) The Spanish troops would put up only a display of resistance and would surrender on a prearranged signal. The Spanish also did not want to face any insurgents, fearing that they would be massacred. Merrit and Dewey persuaded the Filipino insurgents to watch the assault from the sidelines, yet some still joined in the assault and some unpredicted fighting took place, killing five Americans and wounding 35. When Admiral George Dewey gained control over Manila Bay on May 1, 1898, the insurgents refused to surrender to U.S. control, and set up a base on the island of Luzon, under their leader General Aguinaldo. At the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1899, Spain agreed to recognize the independence of Cuba, and the ceding of Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines to the U.S. The U.S. also paid $20 million to Spain in exchange for the Philippines. It is no wonder that the Filipinos felt betrayed, seeing the U.S. as just another oppressor replacing the Spain as the imperialistic power.

U.S. Battles Filipino Insurgents: What is freedom?

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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: March 30, 2006
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/articles/BlacksMilitarySpanAm.htm

 
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