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Union Blue and Militia Gray:
The Role of the New York State Militia
in the Civil War
Chapter 6
The Last Two Years

In early March 1864, President Lincoln designated Ulysses S. Grant as general-in-chief of all Union forces with the rank of lieutenant general Grant immediately began to plan for a coordinated offensive by the four main armies to begin in early May. Meanwhile, the Army of the Potomac languished in its winter encampments around Culpeper, Virginia, in the triangle formed by the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers.

Chapter Six Footnotes

1. Bruce Catton, A Stillness at Appomattox (New York: The Fairfax Press, 1984), 480.

2. John Jaques, Three Years Campaign with the 9th Regiment N.Y.S.M. (New York: Hilton & Co., 1865), 4.

3. C. Tevis, History of the Fighting 14th Regiment NGSNY (New York: Brooklyn Eagle Press, 1911), 143; New York State, Annual Report of the Adjutant General (Albany, NY: n.p., 1865), 62. Hereinafter cited as: AG.

4. William Todd, 79th Highlanders, New York Volunteers 1861-65 (Albany, NY: Press of Brandow, Bartow & Co., 1886), 472.

5. Theodore Gates, Ulster Guard (20th Regiment N.Y.S.M.) (New York: Benjamin H. Tyrell, Printer, 1879), 534-535.

6. AG, 1865,40.

7. Ibid.,, 48.

8. AG, 1862, 26; Ernest A. McKay, The Civil War and New York City (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1990), 150.

9. New York State, Inspector General's Report (Albany, NY: C. Wendell, Legislative Printer, 1863), xxvi.

10. Ibid.. 12.

11. AG, 1865, 19.

12. AG, 1866, 15.

13. History of the DeWitt Guard, Company A 50th National Guard Regiment (Ithaca, NY: Andrews, McChain& Co., Printers, 1866), 165-170.

14. AG, 1865,30

15. AG, 1866,31.


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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: April 6, 2006

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