10th Regiment Artillery (Heavy), NY Volunteers
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Light Artillery Regiment.
Sept. 5th 1862.
In order to satisfy the many applications made at this department for reliable
statistics of this organization, the following list of the actual form of companies
and the names of Commanders attached is sent to you for publication. As a matter
of interest to the people of the several localities in this military district—18th—I
also append, as an index, the names of towns, &c.
E. P. Webb, Watertown 161
S. Middleton, 2d, Brownville &
A. W. Peck, Orleans & Clayton 167
C. C. Abell, Antwerp & LeRay 156
A. Cleghorn, Ellisburgh & Henderson, 157
S. R. Cowles, Wilna, Rutland &c. 164
J. B. Campbell, Cape Vincent,
Lyme, &c 155
G. F. Kitts. Adams & Rodman 159
H. L. Smith, Martinsburgh, &c. 157
J. S. Vanderburgh, Alexandria, &c 158
F. E. Root, Turin, &c. 118
H. O. Gilmore, Brownville & Hounsfield 79
H. B. Wilder, Lowville, &c. 120
G. W. Hubbard, Denmark, &c. 155
B. B. Taggart, Watertown, 30
An application has been made to organize a certain number of batteries in to
battalions, each to be under command of a superior officer. This would have the
effect of placing at the disposal of the government a large proportion of the
above force which, of course, would at first be placed under proper military
influence and direction at a camp of instruction. Nothing official having yet
reached me, I simply state this as a fair presumption.
In haste, Yours most truly,
Louis C. THIERRY, Adjt.
and Mustering Officer. 18th Sen. Dist., N. Y.
From the 10th Regt. N. Y. Artillery.
NEAR HEAD QUARTERS, D. C.
June 27, 1863.
MESSRS. EDITORS: Until very recently five companies of our regiment have been
in New York since they left Sackets Harbor; three of which have been stationed
at Fort Richmond, Staten Island, one at Fort Schuyler, and one at Sandy Hook.
Those companies have lately joined the regiment, except the one at Sandy Hook
commanded by Capt. Cleghorn, which will probably be here soon. We have also
about fifty men doing provost guard duty in New York city, principally from
Company "M." For the first time since our organization into a regiment
we are under the command of Col. Piper, who is highly valued and esteemed.
Twelve companies constitute the regiment. Eleven are here and garrison the
forts extending from nearly opposite Alexandria, Va., up the north side of
the east branch of the Potomac, including Fort
Mahan, being the last fort on the line. The names of the several forts, commandants
and companies, beginning with the lowest fort on the line, the one nearly opposite
Alexandria, are as follows:
Fort Greble, Capt. J. E. Green commanding, Company "L." This fort
occupies a commanding position and can sweep the Potomac river with a terrible
and effective fire in case its 32-pounder siege howitzers and mortars should
be called to speak in their grum and thunder tones. The next, and about the
same distance from the river as the latter, is Fort Carrol, commanded by Capt.
G. F. Kitts, Company "B." This fort mounts several 32-pounder sea-coast
guns, on barbette carriages, some mortars, parrot rifled guns, and one field
piece. This fort has a redoubt 200 yards to the east of it mounting four 32-pounders,
rendering the fortification, together with its high position very formidable,
let the attack come from whatever direction it may.
The next, and farther inland and more upon a level plain, is Fort Snyder, commanded
by Capt. H. O. Gilmore, Company "L." This fort mounts six 32-pounders,
one howitzer and one mortar. The range of its guns sweep east, south and west,
and have entire and complete command of two roads, the principal one of which,
leading from Washington, along and near the river, to Port Tobacco, Fort Washington, &c.
This fort is at least a mile north east from Fort Carrol.
The next on the line, north from Fort Snyder, and occupying a very prominent
position, on the point of a range of hills which overlooks the city of Washington,
Long Bridge, and a long extent of the river, is Fort Staunton, commanded by
Lieut. John A. Parker, Company "H." This fort is large enough for
two companies, and mounts in all, siege and garrison guns, and sea-coast field
pieces and mortars, twenty-four.
The next, lying farther back from the river and south east from Fort Staunton
is Fort Ricketts, commanded by Capt. B. B. Taggart, company "K," mounting
four 32-pounder sea-coast guns on barbette carriages.
The next, north east and about 400 yards from Fort Ricketts, is Fort Waggoner,
commanded by Lieut. Wheelock, company "M." This fort is of about
the same size and strength of Fort Ricketts.
We come next to Fort Baker, Head Quarters of the regiment, commanded by Capt.
__. H. Toby, Company "A," also a portion of Company "M" is
garrisoning this Fort. This is the largest fort on the line, mounting in all
siege and coehorn mortars, siege and garrison, bronze field-pieces, howitzers
and rifled guns, twenty-six. East from Fort Baker, and about a mile from it,
is Fort Davis, until lately commanded by Capt. C. C. Abell, Company "C," who
is now Major. From the high vantage ground on which this fort is located it
can send its death-freighted missiles among the ranks of the enemy, scattering
them like leaves before the autumn wind.
Beyond and nearly east from Fort Davis is Fort Dupont, commanded by Capt. S.
R. Cowles, Company "D," and mounting in all, siege and garrison howitzers,
and mortars, twelve pieces.
South of east from this fort and about a mile from it is Fort Meigs, commanded
by J. S. Vanderburgh, Company "F." This fort having been recently
enlarged, mounts twenty or more guns.
Nearly north and one mile from Fort Meigs is Fort Mahan, the last on the "line" commanded
by Capt. R. B., Biddlecom, Company "G." This also is a large fort,
and it armament is strong and of the heaviest calibre. It also contains several
light artillery pieces.
This embraces the whole number of forts garrisoned by our regiment. The distance,
between the first, Fort Greble, and last mentioned one, Fort Mahan, being in
an air line, about 7 miles. We are rapidly becoming proficient in the drill,
which requires no little study, labor and patience; and even now believe we
are capable of working the guns successfully, and when supported by infantry
most disastrously to the enemy, should daring Rebeldom with its minion forces
attempt to pierce our impregnable line. H. P.
HEAD Q'RS. 10TH N. Y. ARTILLERY,
DEFENCE NORTH OF THE POTOMAC,
June 27th, 1863.
These are exciting times and for fear, amid the din, our friends in Jefferson
Co. would forget their relationship to this regiment, I "set down to pen
a few lines" into a communication for your valuable sheet to remind them
of it. How well I will succeed remains to be seen.
We are stationed in as quiet and beautiful section of country as lays upon
the banks of the Potomac. From fort Gribble, opposite the city of Alexandria,
to fort Mahan, above Washington and opposite Bladensburgh, at intervals of
a quarter to a mile apart, are stretched the several companies of this regiment,
occupying eleven forts within the distance of seven miles. From our position
on these hills we have a splendid view of Washington, Georgetown and Alexandria,
and on a clear day can look far into Virginia on the west, and Maryland on
the North for a distance of from 10 to 15 miles, Fairfax beaming in on our
left and in plain sight with field glasses as is also the rebel General Lee's
mansion, while beneath us are the ruined abutments of Bennings Bridge, burned
by the British in 1812. In whatever way we look, whether towards the lofty
dome of the magnificent Capitol of the nation, or north, east, south or west,
the eye can rest upon some historic point, or monument to our country's greatness.
We see enough, at least, to inspire one with the eternal fire of liberty, and
fill ones heart with a never dying patriotism and love of country. We are guarding
Washington on the Maryland side of the east bank of this historic river, though
it is not probable we will ever be called upon to fire a single gun from these
forts in its defence. These eleven forts mount some 150 pieces of heavy and
light ordnance of several kinds; and in case of need, being well served by
our Jeff. Co. boys could be made to do fearful havoc among an enemie's approaching
forces. These forts were built chiefly with a view to resist an uprising in
Maryland, which was so much feared during the early stages of the rebellion,
but now, happily, not feared, and they must still be garrisoned because it
would not do to tempt the rebels with such an opening at the nation's heart.
Several changes in the 10th Artillery, have occured of late, which may be of
interest to those who have friends in the regiment. Capt. Webb, for some unaccountable
reason, has been removed from command of Co. A., and dismissed the service,
Liet. Tobey has been promoted to his place. Capt. Tobey makes an excellent
commanding officer, and will keep the company up to the high standard at which
Capt. Webb left it. Second Lieut. M. A. Reed, has been promoted to First Lieut.
in Capt. Tobey's place, and priuter P H. Keenan of Capt. Taggart's Co. has
been made 2d Lieut. in place of Lieut. Reed. Lieut. Keenan has at last reached
the position which, but for the "corrupt jobbing propensities" of
certain individuals he should have received before the regiment left Sackets
harbor. He held a commission once from Gov. Morgan, and was mustered into the
service upon it, but owing to the fact his company was an incomplete one, the
authorities would not accept him as an officer, and he was obliged to go into
the ranks or return to his home. Rather than go home he preferred to serve
as a private. He has lately been rewarded for his stuborn patriotism, by our
Col. by this promotion. Capt. Abell has been made Major to fill the vacancy
occasioned by the non-acceptance of the position by Captain Osborne, of the
noted Osborne Battery. Lt. and Adj. E. A. Chapman has been promoted to Capt.
of Abell's late company. Sergt. Maj. and R. McKee has been 2d Lieut. of said
company, vice. Comstock, resigned. Lt. Ackerman of said Co. has also resigned.
Lt. Smith, of Capt. Kitt's Co. has been made Adj. in place of Chapman. Lt.
A. W. Wheelock of Co. A. has been made Asst. Inspector Gen. and A. A. G. of
this brigade. Private Jas. A. Taylor, of Capt Taggart's Co., and Sergt. Wallace
Hill, of Middleton's Co., have also been promoted to Lieuts. within the past
two months. The former, a 1st Lt. His case is almost identical with Lt. Keenan's,
and his friends, and perhaps his enemies, if he has any, will be glad to hear
of his good luck. This embraces all the recent changes in the regiment that
I know of. The companies of Capts. Kitts, Cowles, Armstrong and Green, which
have, since leaving Sackets Harbor, been stationed in the N. Y. Harbor defence,
recently came on here, which makes eleven companies under the immediate command
of our Col. Capt. Cleghorn remains at Sandy Hook with his company, as does
Captain Armstrong and Lt. Riley, in N. Y. city, doing Provost duty, with detatchments
of 17 men from each of the four companies lately arrived here. Lt. Col. Spratt
is detatched from this command and stationed in New York.
Did space permit, I would like to say something about the soldierly and gentlemanly
qualities of the men of this regiment, but it is only necessary to say that
our officers are all excellent ones, and take great pride in making us privates
efficient and good soldiers. Our Colonel is an exemplary soldier and gentleman.
It was a fortunate move of some one when he was placed in command of this Regiment.
A more orderly set of men, including officers--more neat, and tidy in appearance,
and who take more pride in becoming well-skilled in the drills and in the science
never left the great State of New York since, the war began. I can safely say
this; and Jefferson county can well feel proud of them. The Greater part of
the credit for all this, is justly due to the intelligence, integrity and military
training Col. Piper. He is a strict disciplinarian regular army school, and
this fact from its good effects, as well as his mild, but correct way of enforcing
it, endears him to officers and men without, I might say, an exception. Major
J. Campbell, J. DePeyster Arden and C. C. Abell, are efficient officers, highly
respected. I fear I have tresspassed on all the laws of courtesy in length
of this. But pardon me and I'll promise not to do so again.
From Co. "F," 10th N. Y. Artillery.
FORT MEIGS, D. C., July 2d, 1863.
MESSRS. EDITORS:--Again the cry of "Washington is in danger." has
been raised, and again the eyes of the people are anxiously turned to banks
of the Potomac. It cannot be denied but what there is some excitement in and
around the city, caused by the mysterious movements of the rebel army.
Of course every thing around the capital is kept in as snug a condition as
possible But no extravagant "preparations" are being made, and movements
are carried on with a precision and a certainty which augers that the Government
is well acquainted with Lee's intentions. The news of the removal of Gen. Hooker
from the command of the army of the Potomac—though it must have fell
like a thunderbolt upon the people of your section—produced no great
surprise here. "Coming events cast their shadows before." The appointment
of Gen. Meade as Gen. Hooker's successor is generally well received. As soldiers
we look upon these changes only as they concern the "final issue" if
Gen. Meade can vie with the wily Lee, if he can drive back the invader, if
he can succeed when others have failed—then let him receive the honors
of our "gallant leader," and let his name be upon the tongues of
a rejoicing people.
Appearances would indicate that the new commander is determined to do, what
should have been done long since—take those positions where he can best
combat the enemy, leaving the safety of Washington to the strength of its fortifications
and the troops garrisoning them. Both of which are ample for any contingency
likely to arise. It is not improbable that the 10th N. Y. Artillery may yet
have the privilege of passing through the "scaling test" of courage
and patriotism. We have awaited anxiously and long for this opportunity and
are naturally jubilant at the prospect of our hopes being speedily realized.
That portion of Company "F." heretofore stationed at Fort Dupont,
has lately been removed to this Fort. They having been relieved at Fort Dupont
by Company "D," Captain S. R. Cowles. Fort Meigs is one of the most
important Forts on the whole line; being at the forks of one of the principal
turnpikes entering the city, and also at the vortex of the angle formed by
the line of fortifications constituting the eastern and southern defences of
the city. We are but a few miles south, and in plain view of the town of
Bladensburgh; where was fought in the war of 1812, the battle which decided
the fate of the capitol. The historic scenes by which we are surrounded serve
to keep us mindful of the sacrifices by which our Government was bought, and
the necessity of keeping untarnished its glorious name. During the past week
Lieut. Levi A. Butterfield of this Company has left camp for his home in Jefferson
county; having resigned his commission. By the retirement of Lieut. B., the
country loses the service of a thorough patriot, and we the members of the
Company to whom he was attached, a true and sincere friend, one who deeply
sympathizes with us in all of those perplexing trials incident to a soldiers
life, and whose liberality knows no end, when surrounded by sickness and suffering.
Contrary to expectations the health of the Regiment continues good, though
now near mid-summer. This general good health is probably owing to our situation,
and to the attention paid to cleanliness in the camp. But in the best situations
and in all seasons we must often stop in our duties to close the eyes of some
loved comrade or to weep bitter tears over some new made grave. On the 22d
ult., the body of Morgan Bustler, a member of our Company, was forwarded to
his parents who reside near Plessis, in the town of Alexandria. He was a victim
of the fever and died quite suddenly. Thus one well known form after another
is missed from our ranks, and at each removal a dark shadow sinks down upon
some distant home. We who are left press near to each other feeling there is
another tie binding us together and a new incentive to nerve as in this great
struggle for national life.
Yours &c. H. A. P.
From the 10th Regt. N. Y. Artillery.
Near Head Quarters, D. C.,
July 3, 1863.
MESSRS. EDITORS:—Considerable excitement prevails along the forts. Questions
and wild speculations as to the intentions of the rebels are the order of the
day. We can half foresee the course of the enemy; we would not be surprised
if he crossed the Potomac above us. Still he may be thwarted in his movement
by our army, which is most devoutly to be wished. But in view of the possible
and perhaps probable event, we are nerving ourselves to the more than fancy
fact, and laying in an inexhaustible store of coolness and intrepid courage
to meet them with the warm welcome of hot shot and fresh graves scooped out
by cannon balls and bursting shell.
The regiment itself rather desires a grapple with the foe. It has never tried
its strength in actual contest or tested its courage.
Whether they have occasion to do it here, and soon, or elsewhere, and later,
I may safely say they will fight, and like veterans. They have been looking
steadily, if not calmly upon this civil war, and observing its progress for
two years and more, and be assured they have not been indifferent to the lessons
of wisdom its bloody and severely contested battle-fields have suggested. They
know that the same daring, the same persistent bravery and iron-sidedness which
characterizes the rebels must characterize us, in order to win in an equal
or unequal encounter. They not only know, but they feel it, and it pulsates
in every drop of blood.
The men of this regiment, those who remain, left home not for any idle purpose,
to embark upon a sight-seeing expedition or romantic rove among the "orange
groves of some Southern sea," but to be led on by able and foreseeing
Generals to victory for the Federal arms. The history of this regiment since
it left its native village, ten months ago, and the war, show how it has been
disappointed. Yet their love of country and determination to restore the Union
is none the less weakened, but on the contrary it has tended to crystalize
both into an inexorable purpose, a purpose which will nobly and fearlessly
manifest itself when the death grapple comes.
Though we have not been subjected to the severest and worst flesh-trying hardships
of war, we have been ground in the treadmill of discipline as tested and lascerating
to the courage and patience, and above all to patriotism, as the men in the
actual field, who, with a proud self-consciousness of holding victory or defeat
in their own hands, pitch their tents on the heights of Fredericksburgh to-day,
and in the secure dry-land haven of Falmouth to-morrow. Fort and garrison life
is notorious for its dull routine of spirit-falling duties, its dead uninteresting
same rest running through the weeks and months. It is a sort of prison-life.
We can hear and see the billows of social, political and earnest war life-surging
and bounding around us—see all the actors in the drama of America's most
eventful period, but realize none of that participating interest and ambition
which gives a keen edge to the spirits, and zeal to every action. And here
is where the test comes, in seeing, marking all, and unable to defend in the
actual hour of need and danger, their most salient points or strengthen their
strongest; condemned to despair in their defeat, which, alas, comes oftener
than exultation in their victory.
We are conscious we are here for the defense of the Capital of the nation—a
weighty and honorable trust too has been confided to us, and proudly conscious
of it, with fidelity, and if needs be, heroism, we will discharge the duties
incident thereto. Go tell to the Lacedemonians we lie here in obedience to
their sacred laws. H. P.
Head Quarters 10th Reg. N. Y. Art'y
FORT BAKER, D. C. July 7, 1863.
ED. UNION--Thinking perhaps that the friends of this regiment would be pleased
to learn how we celebrated the Anniversary of our Nation's Independence, I
propose to favor you with a "certified report." I must confine myself
more particularly to the doings of Co. A. I will say, in the outset, that no
arrangements were premeditated, but our celebration was gotten up on short
notice; and though not very extensive, it served greatly to drive away the
sadder feelings of loneliness and home-sick- ness which were called forth by
the memories of other and happier "fourth of Julys" spent by the
members of this company in connection with the "dear ones at home," from
whom we are now so unhapily separated.
Capt. Tobey and his officers are ever on the alert to relieve the monotonous
or displeasing incidents of a soldier's life, in fact, to knock off the "rough
edge" as much as possible and make it as pleasing and agreeable as a soldier's
life can well be; so the day previous it was agreed, that we celebrate the
4th with a dinner, speeches, toasts, music, &c., to the best of our ability,
and having something of a company fund upon which to make "drafts," a
portion was applied towards purchasing the necessary "fixings," which
embraced several different kinds of meats, nuts, fruits, candies, &c.,
and the necessaries for making pies, cakes and the like. By putting all the
available force upon the work—embracing several Laundresses for the Co.,
and cooks for the officers besides our Captain's excellent lady, together with
a few male personages whose soldier experience has made them quite handy in
the culinery line—in less than twenty four hours we were enabled to furnish
almost every soldier in the company with a raspberry pie or a dueberry short-cake,
the raw material for this purpose growing about here in great profusion. Early
in the morning the men commenced putting up an awning, tables and seats, upon
our parade ground, in front of their quarters. At about 10 o'clock all was
completed and the table commenced to be laden with the good things. At each
end of the table was a pole from which floated the stars and stripes, while
across one end attached to a board was the (to the Rebs.) ominous words "The
Union forever," in large letters cut from green moss. The tables were
soon spread with as much taste and variety as one often sees even where greater
facilities are at hand. The bright tin cups and plates presented a strong contrast
to what one is used to see upon such occasions at home, but I dare say the
edibles were equal in variety, quality and quantity to what is often seen at
celebrations making loftier pretensions than ours. Such a host of good things
could not often be found at an old fashioned Jeff. Co. Fair or General Training.
Our Regimental Band, under the leadership of the redoubtable Milt. Reed, was
present and furnished some lively music. "Hail Columbia" was the
signal for calling out the company, which promptly appeared, bayonets fixed.
They were marched by platoons to each side of the line of tables, stacked arms
and broke ranks, to form again and charge upon the edibles spread before them.
You can talk of the charge of the Louisiana Tigers, Billy Wilson's Zouaves,
or the army contractors, but there never was, in my remembrance, such a charge
as this. The conflict was terrific and distructive in the extreme. In "solid
column" they advanced, and for about an hour engaged in a "hand to
hand" (mouth) conflict. It is unnecessary to say our boys covered themselves
with glory. At every point the enemy gave way before the "gallantry" and
determination of our brace lads. It was a glorious sight to see our men "go
in," but still more glorious to see them "retreat" in good order
and without a man lost from the field made memorable from the recent victory.
Then came in order the reading of the Declaration of Independence, speeches,
music, toasts, and singing by the Glee Club. The Declaration was read by Lieut.
M. A. Reed, which he prefixed with a very neat, terse and appropriate speech
of about a half an hour's length. Lieutenant Whelock then read the following
1. Our Country--one and inseparable. May Americans prove themselves worthy
of America by sinking party into patriotism, till our flag shall float over
every inch of our once united, happy, and prosperous country--till every rebel
shall seek protection under its folds, or find a grave beneath its shades--Responded
to by Lieut. Brown, of Capt. Armstrong's Company.
2d. Washington--"First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts
of his country men." Let us this day pay his memory that homage which
is ever due the memory of the noble dead.
3d. The leader of the army of the Potomac—Whether he be Democrat or Republican,
black or white, may the "God of battle" prosper him. When he meets
the enemy, may they be dashed back as are the waters when they encounter the
rock. Responded to by Lieut. Carter of Vanderburg's Co. This toast seems to
have been a very opportune one, for before Lieut. Carter concluded his remarks,
the news came of the battle and victory of Gettysburh, which he read to the
company, and it produced a decided effect. He closed with a "health" to
our brave Gen. Meade, and all gave three hearty cheers.
4th. The 10th N. Y. Artillery. Composed of men who appreciate favor. Being
taken care of by Uncle Sam in infancy and youth, are now willing to assist
in preserving his life when attacked by traitors.
5th. The Rebellion. Born in infamy, nurtured in crime, fostered in iniquity,
and supported by traitors--being the youngest child of the devil and succored
by his angels, may those engaged in it be cursed with the same doom. Responded
to by Lieut. Keenan.
The Glee Club furnished a rich treat by singing finely several patriotic airs
during the reading of the toasts, which, together with the music of the band,
transported one back, in feelings and surroundings, to a more
home-like scene than we have ever witnesses before since we came here. This
about finished the proceedings in form, but the remainder of the afternoon
and evening was occupied in wheelbarrow races, sack races, ball playing and
other amusements. The day was pleasant throughout, and everything passed off
so agreeably that I am sure the occasion will long be remembered by those who
participated in it. Other celebrations occurred at some of the other points
on the line but I am not posted as to what extent nor with what success.
From the 10th Regt. N. Y. Artillery.
NEAR HEAD QUARTERS, D. C.,
July 17, 1863.
MESSRS. EDITORS:—As usual, quiet prevails along our line to-day. Neither
the enemy, nor startling rumors of hostile approaches, have disturbed us since
I last wrote you.
We still keep on the even tenor of our disciplinary course, watching, at the
same time, with intense anxiety the movements and achievements of our armies
on the march. We rejoice, as only soldiers can, at the surrender of Vicksburg
and Port Hudson, which gives us undisputed sway of the "Father of waters," and
almost complete control of the whole south-western States. We say, one and
all, All hail to the gallant and intrepid Grant! All hail to his brave army—the
invincible boys of the West! All hail to the armies of the South-west; they
know no defeat! We may safely look to them for the restoration of the Union.
The notorious and singularly "unfortunate army of the Potomac, we thought,
was going to redeem itself in Pennsylvania; it was the absorbing topic of conversation
among us a few days ago; it fought well at Gettysburg, which was decidedly
to its credit; but alas! the disparity
of opinions, which seem to have become chronic among its generals, kept the
unfaiding laurels from their brows. Lee and his veteran army escaped to the "Sacred
Soil" again, General Meade is in rapid pursuit. We hope a great deal,
yet expect but little. We believe Meade is a cool, wise and sagacious general;
we know Lee is, and to his coolness he adds valor—to his wisdom, judgment
and forethought, and in his sagacity, everything that makes him an able general.
He might have lamentably failed in Pennsylvania, yet if a General risks nothing,
he seldom will win anything. We have too long belittled the rebel armies, and
the ability of their generals. We have sucked from the lacerated wounds and
blood of experience enough to do it no longer. It reflects no credit upon our
generals or citizens, and none upon the brave boys, who shoulder the musket
and lug the knapsack.
The boys of this regiment are in high spirits just now, not only because we
are crowding the rebels to the wall, and clearing away the doubt and darkness
that has hung temporarily above and about us so long, but because the paymaster,
Uncle Sam's divinest institution, with his "greenbacks," is among
us, dealing out to every man, as he agreed to," his cash, or 'allotment
check.' This regiment has very little reason to complain of being severely
dealt with in this respect. We have been paid regularly and in good season,
for which the wives and sisters of husbands and brothers, who need their wages,
must be grateful indeed. The regiment is now paid up to July 1st. While I write,
the cheerful announcement of the arrival of the paymaster is heard from a hundred
The progress of the riot in New York city reaches us every day, and it is interesting
to notice with what animation the men engage themselves in conversation, justifying
to a certain extent, or condemning and denouncing in the bitterest terms, the
rioters. They, however, generally conclude that they are not actuated to such
opposition to the draft, and deeds of atrocity, through any objection to the
vigorous prosecution of the war, or policy of the administration, but to the
law itself, which throws, as they conclude, the burden of fighting the battles
of our country, almost exclusively upon the shoulders of the poorer classes.
I learn, from the most reliable source, that our regiment is to be filled up
with drafted men to its maximum number. This is to be done at once, I believe.
It will then number in all, exclusive of commissioned officers, 1682. It is
now probably the largest regiment in the field.
I designed to allude to the health of, the regiment, and its hospital advantages,
but time and space will not now permit.
FROM THE TENTH ARTILLERY.
FORT BAKER, D. C., July 19, 1863.
I take the pleasure to notify the drafted men of Jefferson County that there
is an opportunity open for them to enter this regiment. Our Colonel has obtained
an order to send some officers and men to the rendezvous at Elmira to convey
the men to this regiment. First Lieutenants Reed of Co. A, and Hart of Co.
G, and 2d Lieut. Seaton of
Co. F, together with Sergeants H. D. Payne, J. M. Gibbs, Geo. D. Greenleaf,
James S. Duyre, Corp'l Sanford D. Hunt, and Private Leonard Seaton, are detailed
for that purpose, and start upon the duty to-morrow morning.
I don't attempt any "correspondence," but I desire to notify those
who may be drafted from Jefferson County, who have friends in this regiment,
of this opportunity of linking their fortunes with us. I might say something
of the advantages to be derived from joining this regiment, but it is superfluous.
Our location and our circumstances are pretty generally known to our friends,
and need no exposition. We are in need of some four hundred men to make us
a complete regiment of 1800 men. We are all within a space of seven miles,
along the ease branch of the Potomac, garrisoning the several forts upon its
north bank. We are to have new and substantial wooden quarters built for us
this summer; and then we can safely say no regiment in the service is more
comfortably situated or better provided for than ourselves; and there is no
better regiment in the service. As drafted men have their choice as to what
regiment they will go into, I doubt not that a majority of the drafted men
from Jefferson county will wish to connect themselves with the l0th. You will
do us a favor and them a service if you will lay the matter before them.
P. H. KEENAN,
2d Lieutenant 10th New-York Artillery.
From Co. "F," 10th N. Y. Artillery.
FORT MEIGS, July 23, 1863.
Though weeping endure for a night, joy shall come again in the morning." Never
was this assertion of Holy writ more truly exemplified than in the history
of our country for the past year. The deep, dark, rayless night of disappointment
and woe, in which the waves of defeat and disaster have hurled their hissing
waters around us, and in which the might ships of effort laden with the hopes
and prayers of anxious hearts have been washed, shattered wrecks, upon the
strand; has at last given away to a morn whose dawn has been blessed with the
glorious, rising orb of victory.
The ruffling of the plumage of that mysterious bird "Lee" and the
plucking of so many feathers from his fleet "wings." The "heaving-to" of
Vicksburg and Port Hudson. The new proof by Rosecrans that there is a wide
difference between "Bragg" and "fight;" and the bringing
of that haughty and insolent city of Charleston to the "anxious seat," are
items of news which have made the hearts of all loyal persons to leap with
joy—and which have fairly driven the soldiers mad with an ectacy of delight.
Through the dark hour of adversity we had confidently waited for the light
to break, and when the clouds gave way, our cup of joy flowed, the stars on
our banner shown with a renewed luster, our duties sat lightly and the future
shown bright. "We were in no fit condition to hear of these scenes of
rioting and pillage which have brought a lasting disgrace upon the State in
which they were enacted.
This Regiment is known as the 10th N. Y., but you would be surprised to see
how many of its members have lately discovered that they were not born in that
State. "O! how are the mighty fallen," soldiers of the Union in the
discharge of their sworn duties struck down and murdered in the streets of
New York by vile sympathizers with treason. A person needs to be possessed
of a large endowment of christian virtues to keep himself from harboring feelings
of hatred and revenge, when beholding the enormities committed by armed, organized
outspoken rebels. But where is there hope when dealing with this secret plotting "this
stabbing in the dark."
If in any one thing above another, the Government has secured the universal
approbation of the army, it is in the prompt manner with which it has disposed
of this miniature rebellion in the north.
There is but little news of general interest to write from the Regiment. Court
martials and Boards of Examination are of frequent occurrence among us. So
frequent that they now excite but very little interest beyond the circle of
participants. The proceedings of these court martials are always attended with
much secrecy as well as much hurrying to and fro, winding up with much "sound
and fury" which to outsiders and often in reality "signifies nothing," after
this comes long months of silence during which time the affair is buried away
in the refuse of memory, when some evening on parade—after we have been
well fatigued out with the duties of the day—we hear "attention
to orders" and are compelled to stand and listen to a long category of
charges, specifications, &c. All of which results in informing us that "after
mature deliberation" the accused was acquitted or sentenced to undergo
one of the many punishments in use. And then on account of some "consideration" the
punishment is commuted or revoked. Several transfers of commissioned officers
have lately taken place in the regiment. Among them is the transfer of Lieut.
McKnight, from Company "F" to "L" and of Lieut. Seaton,
from Company "L" to Company "F." Lieut. Seaton has not,
however, yet joined the Company, being on a "detail" from this regiment
now doing duty connected with the draft in New York State.
This morning, privates Anthony Gokey and Jerard Anderson of this Company, probably
with the patriotic intention of making room for the drafted men, deserted.
Two mounted men were sent out in search, but were just far enough behind to
miss them. The deserters having secured citizens clothing, and in this way
managed to smuggle themselves aboard the cars. It is not probable that they
will escape detection for their sagacity like their patriotism is small and
of interior quality.
Yours, &c., H. A. P.
From the 10th Regt. N. Y. Artillery.
NEAR HEAD QUARTERS, D. C.,
July 30, 1863.
MISSRS. EDITORS:—The city of Washington yet remains the Capital of the
nation, notwithstanding the threats of Lee and his coadjutors to the contrary.
The Capitol building itself is each day lifting its colossal greatness into
bolder relief. The dome of which is towering higher and higher; it has already
attained the height of 270 feet, and under the steady brain and nerve of the
bold engineer, is to be lifted still higher and at last crowned with the "Goddess
of Liberty," which will challenge the attention of the traveler miles
away. The Capitol extension works steadily go on. Still they chisel and polish
the marble and rear the lofty column, which argues at least so it would seem,
not even the shadow of a possibility of the city being taken. It at all times
seems as quiet and secure as your own little village, that is, from our camp.
General Lee's residence is plainly visible from here; it is situated on the
west bank of the Potomac, not far from the river, and I should think in the
midst of a very pleasant grove. It is situated not far from Long Bridge and
opposite the city; through the field glass it appears like a large stone structure;
it is occupied by officers of regiments stationed in that vicinity. This was
the home of the veteran leader of the rebel army. Aside from considerations
of the most importance and benefits arising to the Confederacy from a capture
of this city, can anyone wonder why he should so earnestly desire to enter
the Capital with his army, that he might stand again upon the marble steps
of his own mansion, which overlook the calm flowing Potomac and Capital of
the most enlightened and once most powerful nation on earth. In that quiet
retreat, upon the verdant bank of his native river, that flows hard by the
grave of the Father of his country, with a treasonable and devilish heart,
he studied the ruin of his country. He left it a traitor, and may he never
again desecrate it with his presence; but long before he has an opportunity,
meet with that ignomineous and wretched doom which a traitor to his Country
so eminently and justly deserve.
A pontoon train has been lying east of the city since our army left Falmouth,
in full sight. A night or two since about eleven o'clock our attention was
arrested by a general racket of swiftly hurled boards and timber, coming
from that direction; we listened some time, thinking at first they were tearing
up the plank of the Navy Yard. But soon, after more sensible concluded they
were loading the pontoons, and satisfied, retired to our tents. The next
casting our eyes in that direction, we noticed the train had vamosed, thus
verifying our later conclusions. Where it had gone, with us, of course, was
a matter of conjecture.
News is distressingly dull here now; we get nothing but comments upon affairs
in general. The Daily Morning Chronicle is brought into Camp each day by
a most vociferous money making Young America, but it generally contains but
little news. I suppose it is the best paper the city publishes; we get also
nearly every day The Philadelphia Enquirer, which is a better paper than
the Chronicle, and this is no means a New York paper, either Times, Herald
However we are satisfied with almost anything in the line of a newspaper,
and Young America generally finds a ready sale for his fresh sheets.
Under the recent call for white men to officer the colored regiments being
raised, stirred by a laudable ambition and true fighting patriotism, quite
a number of the sergeants of this regiment have reported themselves to the
Adjutant General as candidates. Some of whom have already obtained commissions
and been assigned to their respective companies and regiments; others have
been examined and are awaiting results.
The health of the regiment is as good as can reasonably be expected, but
fifty men are in the hospital, twenty of whom are in the convalescent department.
A large and convenient hospital has been erected since January, 100 feet
by 30 wide, admirably ventilated and every way constructed for the comfort
of its patients. On either side are aranged camp bedsteads, each large enough
for one and no more. They are always kept in good order, and the extensive
room itself always bears evidence of the most scrupulous neatness. The most
careful, trusty and assiduous attendants are employed to take care of the
sick. The assistant surgeon told me but a day or two since, that but seven
had occured in the hospital since February; five of these were occasioned
by typhoid fever, one Brights disease of the kidney, one double pneumonia.
convalescents are blessed with one of the best of cooks, George Clark, who
knows to a charm how to please the most fastidious palate. The surgeon, Dr.
O. S. Copeland, is known in quite a large section, at least of Jefferson
county; of his competency to take care of the health of 1600 men, his home
perhaps can testify. The assistants are Drs. A. W. Goodale, originally of
Antwerp, and Benjamin Hobbs, of New Hampshire. Each fort is visited daily
by one or
the other of the surgeons, and men who are sick without delay are attended
to. Parents and friends—though we are comparatively remote from the enemy,
must not forget that death is abroad here as well as at home, and that he comes
in the morning, at noon and at evening—let them be comforted with the
assurance that the earliest and kindest care will be taken of their sons, husbands
and brothers; next only to the soft hand of a mother, or sister, will their
pillows be made smooth and pouches easy, so long as we remain here.
From Co. L, 10th N. Y. Artillery.
(Watertown Journal - Sept. 1, 1863)
FORT GREBLE, near Washington,
August 19th, 1983.
MESSRS. EDITORS:—Life is full of change and especially is this true of
soldier life. Yet amidst all the strife of arms that has been surging around
us, Company L has kept steadily on holding the noiseless tenor of its ways.
Until very lately nothing has occurred worthy of note. Lately a slight breeze
has ruffled the usually calm surface of our company affairs. Every officer
but one in our company has sent in his resignation. The reasons for such action,
not yet fully understood by the men, are considered by them sufficiently strong
to justify them in the course they have taken. It will make it rather unpleasant
for us changing officers as we have, but it is a fortune of war and we soldiers
will have to get used to it, for these things must needs be.
The Regular Cavalry, Brigade is terribly cut up and depleted in numbers, has
been ordered from the field, and within the past three or four days they have
taken up camping ground within a short distance of our Fort. Some of them are
only a few rods distant and we have frequent opportunities for conversing with
them. Each one has his own tale to tell of individual heroism, hair breadth
escapes, &c., &c. These Regulars have been in constant service in the
field since the very commencement of the struggle, and this is the first opportunity
for rest that has been given them. One needs nothing more than a glance at
their condition to convince him of the terrible earnestness of this conflict.
Some of the regiments cannot muster as many men as our company mustered to-day.
Their horses have been worn out, their accoutrements rendered unfit for service,
and the men themselves completely jaded down. It is interesting to listen to
their stories of which they have of course plenty. They all speak in the highest
possible terms of their General, Meritt. He is still at the front and I believe
has command of a division. They say that he is about the only general officer
that they ever saw go into a charge in person, and that they have frequently
seen him return from a Cavalry charge with his shoulder and arm all covered
with blood that had dripped from his sabre. Such are the officers we need,
who enter into the struggle with a will.
Speaking of Cavalry reminds me that Gen. Stoneman, Chief of the Cavalry Bureau,
has arranged to have a Camp of Instruction at a short distance from our Fort,
but nearer to Port Carrol than to us. So it seems that for the immediate future
there is a prospect for some more stirring events than the monotony of Fort
life alone has heretofore brought to us.
The weather has been terribly hot here and there have been several cases of
sunstroke in the regiment. There has also been considerable sickness in our
company during the past few weeks but no deaths. One of our men was reported
last night to have died in hospital, but we hear to-day that instead of being
dead he is better.
The stirring events of a month ago have been succeeded by a lull, that it seems
hard to break. But to me it seems almost an impossibility to make a movement
during the continuance of the present intense heat.
Our troops can well afford to rest on their laurels, which are most glorious.
Gillmore alone is pounding away at Charleston, with what success we know not.
When the Army of the Potomac again moves we expect to hear from it, on the
road to Richmond, and perhaps we shall go with it. But I judge not. Washington
wants trusty troops for its defence, and we can illy be spared. Wherever we
go, we shall do our duty like men and soldiers. Yours, C.
From Co. "L," 10th N. Y. Artillery.
FORT GREBLE, NEAR WASHINGTON,
Oct. 28, 1863.
MESSRS. EDITORS:—Although I have but little news of interest to communicate
at present, still I feel impelled to send you a few lines, so that the readers
of the JOURNAL may know that we are still here.
Since I last wrote you, but little has occurred with us to disturb the usual
quiet course of events. Soon after our old officers resigned, Lieut. E. H.
Smith, then Adjutant of the Regiment, took command of our company, and now,
quite recently, has received the commission of Captain. He, with Lieut. Robert
McNight, are all the officers that we have at present Both are very fine officers,
and are doing all in their power to put the company into good shape.
Captain Smith, as we must call him now, came from Adams. He was 1st Lieutenant
in Co. B, and was appointed regimental Adjutant soon after their company, with
ours, came down from New York in June last. He is one of the best officers
in the regiment, and we consider ourselves very fortunate in having him as
Lieut. McKnight is also an officer who is full of life and activity, and his
zealous endeavors for the improvement of the company have not been without
effect, as is witnessed by its appearance. Under these officers, with others
who are to be given to us soon, we expect shortly to become drilled and disciplined
as no other company is in the whole regiment.
From among the number of our sergeants, one, Sergt. Russell Hall, has received
a commission in one of the colored regiments. He left some time since for his
company, carrying with him the well wishes of our company, every one of whom
wished him all possible success. One other sergeant, Wilbur A. Williams, has
received a commission in our regiment. He is now sick in the hospital, and
we do not know to what company he will be assigned.
There have been but few other changes in our company, none worthy of note.
Our new quarters are rapidly approaching completion, and we shall get into
them in a few days. There will very soon be a necessity for this, as the weather
is getting to be so very cold, and our present quarters are miserably poor.
They look like a riddle, and the wind whistling through the numerous openings
in the roof and sides makes no merry music for our ears. Do all the readers
of the JOURNAL, as they snug up closely around the warm, cosy home-fire, listening
to the moaning of the bleak autumn wind, do they then think of the poor soldier
away off upon the "tented field," with the cold rain beating upon
him, and the wind whistling so shrilly about him? How many, too, are there
who are shelterless, fighting by day, and exposed to the damp, chill night-dew
at night. Ah! I fear that too many forget the soldier entirely. They wake up,
once in a while, when they think of the taxes they will have to pay, the money
they will have to contribute to support the war; but the soldier who gives
his life for his country, scarce ever do they remember him.
But I may be pursuing this subject too far. There are some kind souls that
are warmed by the love of liberty and humanity, who are doing all they can
to render the soldier's duty easy to be borne, and the tedious hours pleasant
to him. Yes, there are such, and the world knows some of them, and their names
will receive the honor due to them. Wherever a soldier's heart beats, they
are and will be remembered. A soldier's life is not an easy and pleasant life
to live, and everything that can should be done to render his task as light
The McClellan Cavalry reached their camping ground a little over a week since.
Their camp lies some three fourths of a mile from our fort, and is quite finely
situated upon the slope of a hill. They appear to be a fine lot of men, and
will doubtless do good service. There is a large amount of cavalry now lying
near us. Regiments, whose horses have become unfit for service, are sent here
from the front, to be supplied with new horses and equipments. Generally they
stay but a few days, when they return to the front, again to face the enemy.
About the operations with the Army of the Potomac I can say nothing, only that
we know they have been fighting, as, for several days from our own position,
we could hear quite distinctly the booming of the artillery. We learn that
Meade has driven the enemy, but how much or how far, we know not.
Chilly Autumn has now come. The forest trees begin to change the color of their
leaves, and the rude wind has already shaken much of the foliage from the chestnut.
Soon we shall have an abundance of rain, mud, &c., &c. But I can write
no more now. The health of our company has not been very good; but is now improving
rapidly. Cool weather brings a return of health. One of the boys is now fiddling
quite merrily. The rest are busily engaged, some at one thing, some at another;
all laughing and talking cheerily. So I reckon they are in good spirits.
THE NEW-YORK REFORMER.
WATERTOWN, N. Y. JUNE 30, 1864.
City Point—Casualties In the 10th N. Y. Artillery.
CITY POINT ON THE JAMES RIVER, VA ,
June 18th, 1864.
Editors, Daily Reformer:
Instead of a city, as the name of this place could indicate, it only consists
of some fifty dilapidated buildings, which have been thoroughly riddled with
shot and shell from our gunboats. The Point, some forty feet high, and ten
miles from Petersburg, is separated from Bermuda Hundred by the Appomattox
river, which enters the James here from the south.
The advance of Gen. Grant's army, which had been sent from the White House
by water, was joined by a portion of Gen. Butler's colored troops, and on Wednesday
afternoon encountered the Rebels, under the immediate command of Gen. Wise,
about three miles south of this place, and drove them like sheep, across fields,
through woods and over several lines of their entrenchments, to within about
three miles of Petersburg; so closely were the Rebs pursued that our men had
possession of their guns before they had time to discharge them.
The 10th N. Y. Artillery and the 4th U.S. colored troops, officered in part
by Jefferson county men, have the credit here, of displaying a great degree
of bravery on that occasion. They were the first in the enemy's works, and
had the honor of capturing the twelve pieces of artillery which were brought
down this morning and placed near Gen. Grant's headquarters.
Although this victory was, in military phrase, "splendid," and comparatively
easily obtained, yet it will send sorrow to the hearts of some of your readers.
Capt. Mendall of Adams, received a slight contusion in his arm. Capt. W. Dillenback
of Lyme, was shot through the calf of his leg by a minnie ball.
The following is the official report of the killed and wounded of the 10th
N. Y. Artillery, in the battle before Petersburg, June 18th: Private George
Hart, Co. K, killed by a shell; Emery W. Clark, Co. B, wounded in the arm,
ball passed through twice; Francis A. Butler, Co. B, wounded in forehead by
piece of shell, slight; William Williamson, Co. D, flesh wound in leg by piece
of shell; William Storrs, Co. E, flesh wound in arm; Corporal Thomas J. Brown,
Co. E, in knee; Bugler L. B. Allen in neck, slight; Alexander McDonald, Co.
D, lost two fingers from right hand; Melvin Ingalls, Co. D, in left ankle,
slight; Frank Favry, Co. M, in left arm and leg, severely; Lewis Duffany, Co.
M, in leg, seriously; Pascal Tebo, Co. M, in leg, severely; James A. Herrick,
Co. M, one finger shot off by himself accidently; Daniel Puffer, Co. M, flesh
wound in arm by piece of shell; Thomas Armstrong, Co. M, in shoulder, slight,
and George Hippey, Co. H, lost two fingers of right hand.
This regiment is now encamped just above Point of Rocks, on the west side of
the Appomatox river. With the exception of a few cases of indisposition, incident
to a change of water, the boys are enjoying excellent health.
The success which attended their first real conflict with the enemy in the
field, has given them great confidence in their military ability, and furnished
them a theme of satisfactory conversation when not otherwise engaged.
Every loyal man here is immensely pleased at the conduct of the colored troops
on that occasion. Experienced officers say that they have never doubted their
courage since our army set them fighting with the Indians in the Florida war;
and with proper training they will make superior soldiers. It is certainly
very gratifying to know that the money expended in the preparation of some
ninety thousand of them for the war, will prove a good investment for the Government,
and relieve an equal number of northern white men from the draft. B.
JUNE 21.—Unless present appearances are entirely deceptive, this place
is to be the base of supplies for the army of the Potomac until the capture
of Richmond. Long lines of piers with broad and substantial wharves are being
built. Orders have been issued to put the railroad leading hence to Petersburg,
in order. Rows of hospital tents are stretched up on the bank of the Appomattox
river, as far as the eye can extend. Commissary, Quarter Master's, and ordnance
stores are accumulating in vast quantities. The river, which at this point
is about a mile wide, is filled with shipping; in fact, the deserted hamlet
of yesterday is the busy, bustling city of to-day.
During a two day's visit to "the front," which by the way is a very
indefinite locality, for Grant's lines at present form a semicircle on the
east of Petersburg of over ten miles in extent, our right resting on the river
below and our left on the river above the town, your correspondent was permitted
to view the whole field of military operations. The movements of the contending
armies and the city of Petersburg could be seen from the fortifications which
our army captured on the 15th and 16th instants. The rebels are becoming very
chary. Instead of an open field fight, they shield themselves behind rifle
pits, trees and stumps, and have to be shelled out of their skulking places,
and hunted like patridges, with this difference, they shoot back; or, to be
more accurate, they flash from their guns, indicates their whereabouts. Their
dirty, faded uniform, or rather want of uniform, is a great protection to them
in the woods. The seven hundred prisoners now in front of Gen. Patrick's quarters
are as rough and ragged a set of men as you ever beheld. Most of them have
only pants and shirts. Their head dress embraces all the varieties and colors
of hats and caps. Their ration consists of bacon, flour and meal. When they
draw flour, they are not allowed meal, and vice versa.
The products of the farms have been confined to the real wants of the army.
Tobacco is no longer cultivated in this portion of Virginia. Their fields of
wheat, corn and oats afford fine pasture for our animals. As Gen. Grant, who,
by the way, says he possesses a distinct recollection of Sackets Harbor and
many portions of Jefferson county, was suggesting to Gen. Patrick the importance
of gathering the ripening fields of wheat which could be seen across the James
River, the Ass't Secretary of War, who accompanies the General, announced the
arrival of the President. The contrast between these two men, physically, is
very great.—Grant is small of stature—below medium, has a short,
round face with sandy whiskers, well trimmed, was dressed in blue pants, woolen
shirt without collar or neck tie, and linen coat. Lincoln, on the other hand,
is tall, &c., &c.; I need not describe his beauty; was well dressed
in a fashionable suit, of black. After an hour's conversation they rode to
the front. B.
From the 10th N. Y. Artillery. (June 21, 1864)
An epoch has been worked in the history of our regiment. We have broken through
the horizon which has so long bound our vision, and for once are out of sight
of Washington. On the 25th ult. Orders were received to prepare for the field.
The next day the wandering companies were gathered together into Fort Lyon,
shelter tents and hard tack distributed, and arrangements made for an early
start the coming morning. During the night the final order came, which were
for us to march at 6 o'clock Friday morning for Washington, and take transports
at the foot of 6th street to Port Royal, on the Rappahannock River. The march
to Washington was rather a disagreeable affair, rain falling nearly all the
time, but was performed with good grace. We got away from the wharf at about
2 o'clock P. M., the whole regiment being placed on board of the transports
Ocean Wave and Jefferson. At the wharf we met the 2d Pa. Heavy Artillery. This
regiment also took transports, and are bound for the same place as, ourselves.
There is not now a single artillery regiment left in the defenses of the Capitol.
One hundred days' men and a few batteries of light artillery constitute the
only troops left there. It was no small compliment to our boys that we were
the best troops ordered away; but in this case, as in many others, it is not
always pleasant to be thought well of. The boys came away feeling splendidly.
In fact, I doubt if a more jovial set of men ever left Washington. This is
not because we expect to see easy and pleasant times: we expect to rough it,
but the thirst for excitement, which is the experience of all soldiers, and
the thought that we are to participate in coming attack on Richmond, make us
feel like singing to the tune of "Everything is lovely." Evening
found us as far on our way as Acquia Creek. Just below this place we lay too
for the night on account of fog. During the P. M. we had fine opportunity of
viewing Fort Washing- ton and Mount Vernon, and many places made famous during
the present war. Got under way again early in the morning; Point Lookout at
noon, and the mouth of Rappahannock about 5 P. M., being passed during the
day by every craft could raise a sail or turn a wheel with an ease which was
decidedly provoking. At the mouth of the Rappahannock we expected to find a
gunboat to convoy us up the river, or at least furnish us with a pilot; but
no gun boat was to be found here. A few miles up the river, however, we came
across one of "Uncle Sam's web feet," whose commander advised us
to anchor for the night. Could man upon whom we shower blessings for inventing
sleep, have stepped on board of our boat that night, he would have been surprised
to have seen different positions in which this luxury can be indulged. Crowd
into a certain space double the number of men it can conveniently hold, and
have said space previously filled with boxes, bundles, coal, &c., you will
have something of an idea of the appearance of the decks of the Jefferson.
Piled up all over the decks, clinging stays, masts railing, in such endless
confusion as to almost preclude the idea of ever deciding to whom belongs certain
projecting feet, arms and legs, are men seeking slumber. In the corner there
is Major——persevering in vain endeavor to lay himself down on a
perpendicular wall. Here a captain is rejoicing undisputed possession head
a barrel, while three lieutenants monopolize the use of a small table, and
the floor is carpeted with others systematically stowed away, heads and points.
Sunday morning came bright fair. The sunlight broke through the beautiful foliage
which lined the sloping shore, and silence brooded over flowing waters. Nature
at least seemed paying proper tribute to the opening of a holy morning. It
was hard to realize while resting here upon bosom of this beautiful river,
how often its banks had re-echoed the din of battle, and its waters had been
crimsoned with blood. Being unable to procure either a convoy or a pilot in
the morning, the captain concluded to run the boat up alone, and sat out in
the attempt. He succeeded very well, until about 9 A. M., when he run the boat
up on an oyster bank, where we remained until evening, when, by the assistance
of the gunboat Burnside, we were enabled to get clear. In the maneuvering a
very painful accident happened, resulting in the disabling of two members of
Co. B, Jerome Olds and Jesse Cole. The former had his leg badly broken; the
latter, though somewhat bruised, was not seriously injured. After getting clear
of the shoal, we lay too for the night. The next morning, Monday, under the
lead of the Burnside, we proceeded on our way up the river.
Nothing exciting has as yet occurred. The country surpasses any portion of
Virginia which I have as yet seen. I will endeavor to keep you posted in the
future movements of our regiment.
Yours, truly, H. A. P.
Casualties in the 10th N. Y. Artillery.
Headq'rs 10th N. Y. A. July 6, 1864.
In the Field before Petersburg, Va.
Editors Daily Reformer:
I have been urged repeatedly to forward to you for publication, a list of the
casualties which have occurred in the 10th N. Y. Artillery since it joined
the army in the field. Want of time has prevented my doing so until now. Below
will be found a full list of all the casualties, to this date, with a brief
statement of the nature of each, also, company, rank and date:
June 5.—Nathaniel Storms, private, Co K, killed by 10 pound shot through
body at Cold Harbor; Griffin D. Beebee, M, wounded, musket shot through the
June 15—Emery W. Clark, Co B, musket shot in arm, slight; Francis A.
Butler, B, piece of shell in forehead, slight; Wm. Williamson, D, piece of
shell in leg, slight; Jno. J. Brown, corpl, E, musket shot in knee, slight;
Wm. Storrs, E, musket shot in arm, slight; George B Allen, bugler, E, piece
of shell in neck, slight; Melvin D. Ingalls, bugler, H, ankle, slight; George
Kipp, H, hand; Archibald Marvin, I, wounded musket, accidental, hand; George
Hart, K, killed, piece of shell through the body; Alexander McDonald, K, wounded
in the hand, accidental; Geo. W. Wright, K, musket shot arm; Jas. A. Herrick,
M, musket shot, hand, Thomas Armstrong, art., M, shoulder, slight; Daniel Puffer,
M, arm, slight; Pascal Jebo, M, leg, severe; Lewis Duffany, M, leg, severe;
Frank Favry, M, arm and thigh, severe.
June 18.—Archibald Marvin, Co. I, thigh, accidental. 21.--Thomas J. Delmore,
Co. B, foot, accidental.
22.—Stephen B. Ballard, L, hand. 23.—H. Mellotte, Co A, shoulder.
slight; A. Judson Hobert, L, hand burnt by his own carelessness.
June 24.—John McIntyre, C, Abdomen, severe; Gilbert R. Reed, C, killed
by a musket ball through head; Zenas D. Dean, Sargt, killed by a musket ball
through head; Noeman A. Myres, K, head, accidental; Eugene C. Clark, K, head
June 25.--Chauncy A. Leak, Co. A, hand, accidental; Francis H. Gotham, G, killed,
musket ball through head.
June 27.--Amos P. Colburn, Sargt Co. D, foot, accidental; Stewart Werdon, KH,
killed, shell in head; Frederic Shippee, Corp, M, wounded in head, accidental.
June 29.--Andrew L. Murdock, Co. A, musket ball in breast, severe; Talmon D.
Waltz, F, arm and side; Wm. H. Phillips, F, thigh.
June 30.—Edward Sweeney, Co. A, hand and leg, slight; Geo. W. Horth,
Sargt, hand; Henry Hazel, B, foot, accidental; John D. ___, E, shell in loin,
since died; Charles Carpenter, D, shoulder, slight; Shibley Shepherd, musket
ball in hand, accidental; Samuel G. Orton, I, killed by musket ball through
head; Levi Tryon, I, musket ball in hand, accidental.
July 1.--Wm. H. Redfern, Co. A, musket ball in leg, slight; Jos. A. Miller,
F, shoulder; Amos J. Henry, G, knee; Horace Proper, G, side; Geo. W. Enos,
G, hip, severe; Orrin Tuhbey, L, foot, slight; Benj. Judd, M, musket ball through
body, since died.
July 2.--Amos B. Grummons, Co. B, thumb and thigh; Charles Leak, H, arm.
July 3.--Fred A Monroe, Corp, Co. A, shell near knee; Melvin Polly, Corp, A,
shell in foot, amputated; Wm. H. Haas, A, by shell in side and right arm, arm
amputated, same shell; Lorenzo Snell, G, solid shot in side, since died.
July 4.—Hugh H. Jones, Co. A, breast, slight; Drake S. Bosworth, I, head,
very slight; Wilder, I, head, very slight; Timmerman, L, head, very sight;
Guest, L, side, severe; Stevenson, L, side, severe; Nicholas Rhodes, K, head,
severe; Walter Picket, M, killed by a shell; Lewis V. Johnson, M, killed by
a shell; John Wilson, M, killed by a shell.—These three men lay side
by side when a 20 pound parrot shell went directly through them all, of course,
killing them instantly. The shell did not explode.
July 5.--Rufus W. Baldwin, Co. H, wounded in the foot; Richard S. Green, H,
wounded in the side, severely; Horace D. Ivory, Art., L, killed, musket shot
I have just learned that a small portion of this list has been published by
you already. The remainder may be of interest. If desired by you, I may be
able to continue this list weekly, though I write upon a board supported upon
I am very respectfully,
A. W. WHEELOCK.
NEW YORK AND THE VICINITY.
THREE HUNDRED MEN of the Tenth New-York artillery regiment were ordered by
telegraph, late on Saturday night, to depart from their camps on Staten Island
for Washington. They started on Sunday. Yesterday another company of the same
regiment was to be despatched to Washington.
THE 10TH N, Y. HEAVY ARTILLERY.—Ten men from each company of this regiment
of artillery, from the defenses of Washington, started from Brownsville yesterday,
for headquarters. They had eight days' furlough for voting purposes, but arrived
home one day too late for the exercise of the franchise, on account of unavoidable
delays on the way. At two o'clock this morning they look cars from Rome, for
Geneva and Elmira, en route for Washington. This regiment was recruited in
Jefferson county, fourteen months' since, and is now under command of Col.
Piper, of the regulars. It has charge of thirteen forts on the East branch
of the Potomac, the largest of which is Fort Greble. The regiment has been
located here nearly all the time since it went into the field. They are quartered
in barracks, have fresh meat and soft bread daily, and altogether are quite
SOLDIERS DROWNED.—Drowned, at Sandy Hook, July 3d, 1863, while bathing,
Alonzo F. Croft, of Co. E, 10th Regt. N. Y. V. A., aged 19 years, adopted son
of John Croft, of Lorraine, Jeff. Co.
Also, at the same time and place, Alfred Day, of Co. E, 10th Regt. N. Y. V.
A., aged 19 years, son of Chester Day, of Lorraine, Jeff. Co.
Black River Artillery.
The four battalions of Artillery, numbering in all about 2500 men, have left
Sackets Harbor for Washington. The Lewis County boys left Saturday last.
They will probably go into a camp of instruction.
—Among those killed in the recent battles was William E. Tascott, of
Co. D, 10th New York Artillery, of Carthage.
Later advices state that Tascott has been dropped as a deserter, and has been
absent from his regiment for some time.
--Recent Promotions in the 10th N. Y. Artillery.
1st Lieut. G. H. Marshall to be Captain, vice Biddlecom.
1st Lieut. E. H. Smith to be Captain, vice Green.
2d Lieut. Robert McKnight to be 1st Lieut.; 2d Lieut. D. Ranney to be 1st Lieut.;
2d Lieut. J. M. Wilcox to be 1st Lieut.; 2d Lieut. V. B. Rottiers to be 1st
Lieut.; 2d Lieut. M. G. Cook to be 1st Lieut.; Sergeant-Major O. B. Cadwell
to be 2d Lieut.; 1st Sergt. B. Johnson to be 2d Lieut.; 1st Sergt. ___ Saulsbury
to be 2d Lieut.
Testimonial to Lieut. L. A. Butterfield.
The following complimentary resolutions have been sent to us, signed by upwards
of a hundred names, for publication. We have not space to print the names,
but willingly comply with the balance of the request.
Will the County papers please copy?
WASHINGTON, D. C., June 24, 1863.
1. We the undersigned members of Company F, 10th N. Y. Artillery, wishing to
express our sentiments relative to the resignation of Lieut. BUTTERFIELD,
do adopt the following Resolutions as an expression of our opinion of Lieut.
B., as a man, a patriot, an officer and a friend:
2. Resolved, That in the resignation of Lieut. B. we recognize the influences
and the reasons which brought it about.
3. That as a man in every sense, we could not have had one with us more deserving
of our respect and approbation.
4. That as a patriot, we believe his better cannot be found in the United States.
5. That as an officer, though not so tenacious as a regular officer in requiring
the Army, Regulations to be strictly adhered to, yet possessed of ability that
commanded respect and confidence of all under him.
6. That as a friend too much could not be said. Suffice it to say, he was regarded
by every member of the Company as their best friend, at all times, and especially
at such times when his hand could help the suffering sick, and his purse supply
their necessary wants.
How a True Soldier Feels.
We have been furnshed with a letter written by Albert B Sanford, a young man
from Pillar Point, who enlisted in the New York 10th artillery, at the age
of 17. In a letter to his parents he tells us how a true soldier feels, in
the perils of the deadly breach, or while "winning reputation at the
cannon's mouth." From among many good things in his letter we take the
There is nothing, in danger or alarms, to disturb or affright a true soldier.
On the solitary watch his eye is alert, and his spirit is steady. In the sudden
alarm he does not lose the even balance of his mind; and in the utmost emergency
he can depend upon himself. In the assault he is foremost; and he will lead
the forlorn hope with a step as light and happy as a lover's. Neither the shout
of the enemy nor the roar of the cannon can disturb the quiet of his soul.
He looks at death face to face, and finds nothing but what is friendly in his
countenance; and if he falls, he falls at the foot of his country's flag with
a smile that bears witness to his inward joy that his life has been accepted
as a sacrifice for in his country's cause,—the Divine cause, the cause
of Justice, Liberty and Humanity. This is just the way I feel. I would not
be at home if I could. If I were, I would not be doing my duty, but now feel
that I am doing my duty every day."
THE TENTH HEAVY ARTILLERY arrived on the Huguenot about 2 o'clock this afternoon.
It is a Jefferson county regiment, was mustered in at Sackett's Harbor in September,
1862, with 1,824 men, and has had about 1,500 added. It returns with 940 men,
600 in the Huguenot, and 240 will arrive to-night on the Cayuga. They leave
260 in the field. They were in the battle of Cold Harbor, Petersburg, first,
when they took the heights; were at the mine explosion, went with Sheridan
in the Valley; the regiment was not at Cedar Creek, but the Lieutenant-Colonel
commanded a brigade, and Lieutenants Seaton and Richards were on his Staff;
went back to Bermuda Hundred in December, 1864, were engaged there in January
repulsing the Rebels alone two nights successively, captured a Rebel picket
line on the morning of April 3, and entered Petersburg April 5.
The regiment was entertained by the Citizens' Committee, and left for Sackett's
Harbor via Rome.
The following are the officers:—
Lieutenant-Colonel—G. De Peyster Arden; went
out as major.
Major—S. R. Cowles; went out as Captain.
Adjutant—First Lieutenant A. W. Wheelock; went out as Second Lieutenant.
Assistant Surgeon—A. W. Goodell.
Quartermaster—First Lieutenant S. U. Flower; went out as Second Lieutenant.
Company A—First Lieutenant, M. A. Reed; went out as Second Lieutenant.
Company B—Captain, E. H. Smith; went out as First Lieutenant; First Lieutenant,
C. B. Spear; went out as Second Lieutenant.
Company C—First Lieutenant, Wm. J. Allen; went out as Quartermaster Sergeant.
Company D—Captain, L. E. Carter; went out as First Lieutenant.
Company E—Captain, J. L. Huntington; went out as First Lieutenant.
Company F—Captain, J. S. Vandenberg; went out in same capacity.
Company G—Captain, William J. Hart; went out as Second Lieutenant.
Company H—Captain, J. H. Parker; went out as Second Lieutenant.
Company I—Captain, H. C. Gilmore; went out in same capacity.
Company K—Captain, L. A. Pesery; went out as First Lieutenant.
Company M—Captain, J. O. Armstrong; went out as First Lieutenant.
(Alb. Eve. Jour., June 28, 1865)
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
December 19, 2006