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12th Independent Battery
Light Artillery (Veteran)
Civil War

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 12th ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Left state: January 14, 1862.
Mustered out: June 14, 1865

This battery was organized at Albany, January 3, 1862, by the consolidation of the companies recruited by Capts. William H. Ellis and Walter Shaw, and mustered in the service of the United States for three years January 14, 1862. It was recruited principally at Albany, Troy, Newfane, Jordan, Kendall, Wilson, Lockport, Somerset, Amsterdam', Hart-land and Poestenkill. It received its numerical designation January 15, 1862, and at the expiration of its term of service the men entitled thereto were discharged and the battery retained in service. February 18, 1865, a number of men, originally recruited for the 2Oth Battery, at Jamaica, Elmira, Poughkeepsie, Tarrytown and Kingston were assigned to it. The battery, commanded by Captain Ellis, left the State on the I7th of January, 1862, and served at and near Washington, D. C., and in the Artillery Camp of Instruction from January, 1862; in the 22d Corps from February, 1863; in the Artillery Brigade, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from July 7, 1863; in the 2d Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1864; in the Artillery Brigade, 2d Corps, from May 18, 1864; and in the Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, from September, 1864. Commanded by Capt. Charles A. Clark, it was honorably discharged and mustered out at Albany, June 14, 1865, having lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 4 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 14 enlisted men; total, 1 officer, 18 enlisted men; aggregate, 19; of whom 3 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings


Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Dauchy, George K. "The battle of Ream's station (read May 8, 1890)." Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States - Illinois III 125-40.

Wilkeson, Samuel; Matteson, Carl; Eaton, John B.; Knowles, Elizabeth; Stoddard, George N.; Hayward, John A.; Johnson, Charles E.; Brown, James Malcolm; Granger, Warren; Barney, L. L.; Buell, Madison; Potter, William Warren; Confederate States of America. Army. Civil War collection, 1840-1929 (bulk 1861-1865)
Abstract: Muster rolls, histories, diaries and other official and personal papers concerning various New York regiments and naval operations, including the 3rd, 20th, 21st, 49th, 94th, 100th, 116th and 179th Infantry; 11th and 12th Cavalry; 1st Light Artillery (Wiedrich's Battery), 12th Light Artillery, 27th Light Artillery (Eaton's Battery), and 16th Heavy Artillery, as well as some non-New York military units. Also included are passes used by Samuel Wilkeson for reporting for the New York Tribune, 1861; personal letters, 1840-1882; Confederate muster rolls and other records; documentation of war dead, particularly from Orleans County, N.Y.; muster and descriptive rolls of Erie County; W.T. Anderson collection of Civil War autographs, communications and maps; reminiscences by Madison Buell and W.W. Potter, M.D.; and other materials, including autographs, emblems, soldiers' ballots and excerpts from diaries and letters of Elizabeth Knowles.
General Info: Inventory/ available in the repository:/ folder level control. Organization: Organized into fourteen series: I. New York infantry regiments, 1861-1929. II. New York cavalry regiments, 1864-1865. III. New York artillery regiments, 1861-1908. IV. Sharpshooters and mounted rifles units, 1861-1864. V. Naval activities, 1861-1911. VI. Non-New York military regiments, 1861-1863. VII. Samuel Wilkeson papers, 1861. VIII. Personal letters, 1840-1882. IX. Confederate manuscripts, 1861-1865. X. Records of war dead. XI. Muster and descriptive rolls for Erie County, 1861-1865. XII. Reminiscences, 1887-1891. XIII. W.A. Anderson collection, 1861-1865. XIV. Diary excerpts, autographs, emblems, and papers concerning unidentified regiments and soldiers, ca. 1861-1865./ Series I-IV arranged consecutively by regiment number. Preferred citation: , C00-3, Civil War Collection.
Located at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Archives.

Items the museum owns are in bold.


New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: May 4, 2006

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