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14th Artillery Regiment
Civil War

History
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Mustered in by companies: August 29, 1863, to January 17, 1864.
Mustered out: August 26, 1865.

Colonel Elisha G. Marshall received, May 29, 1863, authority to recruit this regiment for a service of three years. It was organized at Rochester, and contained many men who had served in two years' organizations. January 13 and 22, 1864, the men enlisted by Milton R. Pierce and Jesse B. Lamb for this regiment were transferred to the 6th and 13th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery, respectively, and April 8 and 15, 1864, the surplus men recruited for the regiment were ordered to be assigned to the 6th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States at Rochester, A and B August 29; C and D September I I and 12, respectively; E and F October 18 and 20, respectively; G and H December 7; I and K December 21, 1863; L January 8, 1864; and at Elmira Company M January 17, 1864.

The companies were recruited principally: A at Ogdensburg, Watertown, Antwerp, Oswegatchie, Camden and Pots dam ; B at Rochester, Niagara, Ridgeway, Barre, Buffalo, Waddington, Oswegatchie, Palmyra and Lyons; C at Utica, Malone, Rochester, Watertown, Ogdensburg, Buffalo, Albany, Oswegatchie and Rome; D at Rochester, Dansville, Corning, Horseheads, Veteran, Dix, Bath, Catharine, Odessa, Watertown and Mt. Morris; E at Ogdensburg, Watertown, Rochester, Barre, Canton, Norfolk, Potsdam, Utica, Buffalo, Camden and Russell; F at Manlius, Rochester, Lockport, Lowville, Ogdensburg, Prattsburg, Suspension Bridge, Watkins, Martinsburgh, Dansville, Corning and New Bremen; G at Rochester, Utica, Cold Spring, Dunkirk, Dansville, Great Valley, Canton, Boonville, Havana, Ogdensburg, West Turin, Buffalo, Otto and Lyons; H at Penn Yan, Lowville, Canton, Russell, Watertown, Geneseo, Gouverneur, Colton, Hermon, Stockholm, Boonville, Ogdensburg, Pots dam, Buffalo, Greig and Martinsburgh; I at LeRay, DePeyster, DeKalb, Orleans, Ogdensburg, Hermon, Clayton, Rossie, Rochester, Potsdam, Geneseo, Norfolk, Philadelphia, Turin, Oswegatchie, Macomb, Canton, Watertown and Milo; K at Albion, Antwerp, Theresa, Williamstown, Rossie, Richland, Boonville, Diana, Amboy,. Alexandria, Denmark, Gouverneur, Macomb, Leyden, Wilna, Lowville and Philadelphia; L at Rochester, Milo, Rossie, Newstead, Geneseo, LeRay, Mannheim, Watertown, Hermon, DeKalb, Penn Yan, Burkfield, Groveland, Denmark, Livonia, Watson, Jerusalem and Leicester; and M at Rochester, Watertown, Chemung, Potsdam, Adams, Utica, Pamelia, Kirkland, Fairfield, Paris, Madrid, Lewiston, Johnstown, Trenton, Camden, Deerfield, Utica, Floyd, Stockholm, Mexico, Rodman, Clayton and Ellisburgh.

Companies A, B, C, D, E and F were, October 13, 1863, ordered to duty in New York harbor; G and H were ordered to Fort Hamilton, New York harbor, December 8, 1863; Companies I and K were ordered to Fort Richmond, New York harbor, December 24, 1863, where Companies Land M joined them in January, 1864. The regiment, serving as heavy artillery and infantry, remained in New York harbor, Department of the East, until April, 1864; served in the Provisional Brigade, 9th Corps, from April 23, 1864; in the Provisional Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Corps, from May 12, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Corps, Army of Potomac, from June 11, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, same division and corps, from June 18, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Corps, Army of Potomac, from September, 1864; and in the 1st Brigade, Hardin's Division, 22d Corps, from June, 1865.

Commanded by Colonel Marshall, the regiment was honorably discharged and mustered out August 26, 1865, at Washington, D. C., having, during its service, lost by death, killed in action, 6 officers, 127 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 82 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 309 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 518 enlisted men; aggregate, 527; of whom I officer and 86 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

 

 

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to int-historians@ng.army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Beach, Alvah; Beach, Enos. Beach Family papers letters, 1861-1864.
Abstract: Consists chiefly of letters written by Alvah and Enos Beach of Russell, N.Y., while they were in the Union Army during the Civil War. Also includes two photos of Alvah Beach and some material relating to David Robinson, brother-in-law of the Beach brothers.
Originals located at Saint Lawrence University.

Carr, William H. William H. Carr Diary, 1865
Abstract: Consists of a diary kept by Carr from January to July 1865 and a student paper by Heather Ford that contains transcriptions of most of the entries.
Originals located at Saint Lawrence University.

Chipman, Charles. The Charles Chipman papers, 1853-1972 (bulk 1853-1866).
Abstract: Contains personal correspondence of Chipman (1861-64) and correspondence written to his wife concerning his death (1864-1887). Official correspondence includes commissions, discharge papers, special orders, muster rolls, letters and certificates of Chipman's company of the 3rd Brigade of the Mass. Volunteers (1861). An account book (n.d.) and various invoices and accounts for supplies and ordnance stores (1861-1863) are part of the collection. A biographical sketch of Chipman's life written in 1972 is also found.
Originals located at the US Army Military History Institute.

Davis, James S. James S. Davis papers, 1864-1912.
Abstract: Contains the following types of materials: correspondence / letters, diary / journal, notebook, genealogy, miscellaneous papers.
Contains information pertaining to the following war and time period: Civil War -- Eastern Theater; 1865-1897; 1899-1917.
Contains information pertaining to the following military units and organizations: 14th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment; Battery A, 1st Illinois Light Artillery Regiment.
General description of the collection: The James S. Davis papers include correspondence to his family and acquaintances (1864-1865, 1899-1912); genealogy of the Davis and Williams families (1775-1891); biography of John Peter West (1807-1903); miscellaneous papers from Frank B. Smith and Roselle Sanders; Davis' diary (December 20, 1864-April 2, 1865); financial record book (1864-1867); address book; correspondence to James Doaln, Corporal James Tanner, and Brigadier General Berry Raum; correspondence to government regarding pension for service-related illness (1890-1891); and letter from Corporal Frank B. Smith of Battery A, 1st Illinois Light Artillery Regiment (February 2, 1862) describing the expedition of Brigadier General Charles F. Smith from Paducah to Fort Henry (January 15-21, 1862).
Originals located at the US Army Military History Institute.

Henderson, Samuel. Diary, 1864
Abstract: Copy of a diary of a Union soldier while a prisoner at Andersonville, Ga., and Florence, S.C., in which he comments on living conditions, food rations, attempted escapes, and fellow prisoners, including men from the 14th Regiment of New York Heavy Artillery.
Originals located at Duke University.

Houghton, Charles. "In the Crater". Battles and Leaders IV 561-2.

Kilmer, George Langdon. "Boys in the Union army." Century magazine LXX (1905) 269-75.

Kilmer, George Langdon. "Gordon's attack on Fort Stedman." Battles and Leaders IV 579-83.

Shaw, Charles A. A history of the 14th regiment N.Y. heavy artillery in the Civil. war from 1863 to 1865, compiled by Charles A. Shaw, of Co. I, principally from official record. Published by the Regimental veteran association. Mt. Kisco: North Westchester pub. co., 1918.

Treadwell, Wm A.; Loud, R.; Seymour, Horatio. $565 Bounty to soldiers of the present war who re-enlist. 1863
Broadside, 58.5 x 44 cm.
No further information.

 

Items the museum owns are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: October 7, 2008
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/artillery/14thArtHvy/14thArtHvyMain.htm

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