|Unit History Project|
14th Artillery Regiment
Mustered in by companies: August 29, 1863, to January 17, 1864.
Colonel Elisha G. Marshall received, May 29, 1863, authority to recruit this regiment for a service of three years. It was organized at Rochester, and contained many men who had served in two years' organizations. January 13 and 22, 1864, the men enlisted by Milton R. Pierce and Jesse B. Lamb for this regiment were transferred to the 6th and 13th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery, respectively, and April 8 and 15, 1864, the surplus men recruited for the regiment were ordered to be assigned to the 6th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States at Rochester, A and B August 29; C and D September I I and 12, respectively; E and F October 18 and 20, respectively; G and H December 7; I and K December 21, 1863; L January 8, 1864; and at Elmira Company M January 17, 1864.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Ogdensburg, Watertown, Antwerp, Oswegatchie, Camden and Pots dam ; B at Rochester, Niagara, Ridgeway, Barre, Buffalo, Waddington, Oswegatchie, Palmyra and Lyons; C at Utica, Malone, Rochester, Watertown, Ogdensburg, Buffalo, Albany, Oswegatchie and Rome; D at Rochester, Dansville, Corning, Horseheads, Veteran, Dix, Bath, Catharine, Odessa, Watertown and Mt. Morris; E at Ogdensburg, Watertown, Rochester, Barre, Canton, Norfolk, Potsdam, Utica, Buffalo, Camden and Russell; F at Manlius, Rochester, Lockport, Lowville, Ogdensburg, Prattsburg, Suspension Bridge, Watkins, Martinsburgh, Dansville, Corning and New Bremen; G at Rochester, Utica, Cold Spring, Dunkirk, Dansville, Great Valley, Canton, Boonville, Havana, Ogdensburg, West Turin, Buffalo, Otto and Lyons; H at Penn Yan, Lowville, Canton, Russell, Watertown, Geneseo, Gouverneur, Colton, Hermon, Stockholm, Boonville, Ogdensburg, Pots dam, Buffalo, Greig and Martinsburgh; I at LeRay, DePeyster, DeKalb, Orleans, Ogdensburg, Hermon, Clayton, Rossie, Rochester, Potsdam, Geneseo, Norfolk, Philadelphia, Turin, Oswegatchie, Macomb, Canton, Watertown and Milo; K at Albion, Antwerp, Theresa, Williamstown, Rossie, Richland, Boonville, Diana, Amboy,. Alexandria, Denmark, Gouverneur, Macomb, Leyden, Wilna, Lowville and Philadelphia; L at Rochester, Milo, Rossie, Newstead, Geneseo, LeRay, Mannheim, Watertown, Hermon, DeKalb, Penn Yan, Burkfield, Groveland, Denmark, Livonia, Watson, Jerusalem and Leicester; and M at Rochester, Watertown, Chemung, Potsdam, Adams, Utica, Pamelia, Kirkland, Fairfield, Paris, Madrid, Lewiston, Johnstown, Trenton, Camden, Deerfield, Utica, Floyd, Stockholm, Mexico, Rodman, Clayton and Ellisburgh.
Companies A, B, C, D, E and F were, October 13, 1863, ordered to duty in New York harbor; G and H were ordered to Fort Hamilton, New York harbor, December 8, 1863; Companies I and K were ordered to Fort Richmond, New York harbor, December 24, 1863, where Companies Land M joined them in January, 1864. The regiment, serving as heavy artillery and infantry, remained in New York harbor, Department of the East, until April, 1864; served in the Provisional Brigade, 9th Corps, from April 23, 1864; in the Provisional Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Corps, from May 12, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Corps, Army of Potomac, from June 11, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, same division and corps, from June 18, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Corps, Army of Potomac, from September, 1864; and in the 1st Brigade, Hardin's Division, 22d Corps, from June, 1865.
Commanded by Colonel Marshall, the regiment was honorably discharged and mustered out August 26, 1865, at Washington, D. C., having, during its service, lost by death, killed in action, 6 officers, 127 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 82 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 309 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 518 enlisted men; aggregate, 527; of whom I officer and 86 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Beach, Alvah; Beach, Enos. Beach Family papers letters,
Carr, William H. William H. Carr Diary, 1865
Chipman, Charles. The Charles Chipman papers, 1853-1972 (bulk
Davis, James S. James S. Davis papers, 1864-1912.
Henderson, Samuel. Diary, 1864
Houghton, Charles. "In the Crater". Battles and Leaders IV 561-2.
Kilmer, George Langdon. "Boys in the Union army." Century magazine LXX (1905) 269-75.
Kilmer, George Langdon. "Gordon's attack on Fort Stedman." Battles and Leaders IV 579-83.
Shaw, Charles A. A history of the 14th regiment N.Y. heavy artillery in the Civil. war from 1863 to 1865, compiled by Charles A. Shaw, of Co. I, principally from official record. Published by the Regimental veteran association. Mt. Kisco: North Westchester pub. co., 1918.
Treadwell, Wm A.; Loud, R.; Seymour, Horatio.
$565 Bounty to soldiers of the present war who re-enlist. 1863
Items the museum owns are in bold.
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History