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15th Artillery Regiment
Civil War

History

Received by transfer the 3rd battalion of artillery.
Other companies mustered in: June 19, 1863, to January 30, 1864.
Mustered out: August 22, 1865.

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Colonel Louis Schirmer was authorized, May 29, 1863, to recruit this regiment. It was organized in New York city. September 30, 1863, the 3d Battalion of Artillery was transferred to it, forming Companies A, B, C, D and E; June 22, 1863, a company and other men enlisted for the I2th Artillery were assigned to the regiment as Company F; and October 14, 1863, the 2d. Battery, reorganizing, and the 34th Battery, Capt. H. Jahn, organizing, were also transferred to it. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years, A, B, C, D and E at New York city, between October 14 and December 19, 1861; at Staten Island F June 19, 1863; at Fort Lyon, Va., G, H and I August 27; K September 18; and L December 11, 1863; at Goshen, Company M, of which the Raines Artillery formed part, January 30, 1864. At the expiration of the term of service of Companies A to E, the men entitled thereto were discharged and the companies continued in service.
The companies were recruited principally: A, C, D, E, F, H and I at New York city; B at New York city and Philadelphia, Pa.; G at New York city and Buffalo; K and L at New York city, Catskill, Troy and Buffalo; and M at Monroe, New Windsor, Liberty, Mamakating, Crawford, Warwick, Montgomery, Wallkill, Newburgh, Goshen, Fremont, Cohecton, Callicoon, Bethel, Deer Park and Cornwall.
Companies A to E, when assigned to the regiment, were on duty at Fort Lyons, and the other companies were forwarded to that point as soon as organized. The regiment served as infantry and heavy artillery at Fort Lyons, Va.; in the 2d, and later in the 4th, Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22d Corps, from November, 1863; in the Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, from April, 1864; the 2d Battalion with the Artillery Park, Army of the Potomac, rand the 1st and 3d Battalions in the Heavy Artillery Brigade, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May 13, 1864; in the 3d Division, 5th Corps, from May 30,1864; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, from June 2, 1864; Company F in the Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, from June to December, 1864; and the regiment in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, ,5th Corps, from August, 1864; Company M in the Artillery Brigade, 5th Corps, from January, 1865; and the regiment in the 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22d Corps, from June, 1865.
The regiment, commanded by Maj. Julius Dieckman, was honorably discharged and mustered out August 22, 1865, at Washington, D. C., having, during its service, lost by •death, killed in action, 2 officers, 81 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 6 officers, 67 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 225 enlisted men; total, 11 officers, 373 enlisted men; aggregate, 384, of whom 63 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy. The large number of men reported " accidentally killed " is principally caused by the explosion of a magazine at Fort Lyons, Va., June 9, 1863.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
FIFTEENTH ARTILLERY (HEAVY).---Cols., Louis Schirmer, Michael Wiedrich; Lieut-Cols., Michael Wiedrich, Louis Eiche; Majs., Emil Duysing, William D. Dickey, Leander Schamberger, Louis Eiche, Calvin Shaffer, Julius Dieckman.
This fine German regiment was organized at New York city, the members being principally recruited in the counties of New York, Orange and Sullivan. The 3d battalion of artillery, recruited in New York city in 1861, and which had been performing garrison duty in the defenses of Washington, was transferred to the 15th as Cos. A, B, C, D and E on Sept. 30, 1863; on June 23, 1863, a company enlisted for the 12th N.Y. artillery was assigned to the regiment as Co.F; and Oct. 14, 1863, the 2d and 34th batteries were likewise transferred to it.
The companies were mustered into the U. S. service for three years as follows: A, B, C, D and E at New York city, between Oct. 14 and Dec. 19, 1861; and the remaining companies from Aug. 27, 1863, to Jan. 30, 1864. The original members of Co. A to E were mustered out on the expiration of their term of enlistment and the remainder of the regiment continued in service.
When assigned to the regiment, Cos. A to E were on duty at Fort Lyon, Va., and the other companies joined them there as soon as organized.The regiment performed garrison duty until March, 1864, when it joined the Army of the Potomac at the front, where it was assigned to the 5th corps, to which it was attached throughout the remainder of the war, most of the time assigned to Ayres' (2nd) division.
The regiment took part in the engagements of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, the North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp, the first assault on Petersburg, Weldon railroad, Poplar Grove Church, Hicksford raid, Hatcher's run, and the Appomattox campaign, including actions at Five Forks, the fall of Petersburg and Appomattox Court House. Throughout this series of battles it was conspicuous for its steadiness and bravery, and sustained severe losses. At Spottsylvania its casualties were 160 killed, wounded and missing, among the mortally wounded was the gallant Maj. Schamberger. In the assault on the works of Petersburg in June, 1864, it lost 85 killed and wounded; at the Weldon railroad, 14 killed, 75 wounded, and 5 missing; at White Oak road, 18 killed, 81 wounded and 11 missing, among the mortally wounded being Maj. Duysing.
The regiment also lost heavily in the trenches before Petersburg from the constant and deadly firing which prevailed there, having 83 men killed, wounded and missing from this source. It lost by death during service 8 officers and 148 men, killed and mortally wounded; 5 officers and 225 men died of disease and other causes, a total of 13 officers and 373 men, of whom 63 men died in the hands of the enemy. A number of men were accidentally killed by the explosion of a magazine at Fort Lyon, Va., June 9, 1863. Under the command of Maj. Dieckman, the regiment was mustered out at Washington, D.C., Aug.22, 1865.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Shaffer Collection.
Collection of items about Calvin Shaffer. This was donated by Donald LeBuis.

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Avery, James R. - Avery Collection
(Pvt's letters, Sep.6, 1864 and Feb.19 1865).
Two letters from Avery to his parents while serving with Co.E, 15th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment in Virginia.
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.
Thank you to Ron Mansfield for finding this collection.

Belcher, Amherst W. "Reminiscences of the Civil War." In The Belcher family in England and America : comprehending a period of seven hundred and sixty-five years, with particular reference to the descendants of Adam Belcher of Southfields, Orange County, New York. (William H. and James W. Blelcher) Detroit, Mich.: Privately Published, 1941.
Donated by Ron Mansfield.

Burnham, Horace B., Major. Reply to the defence of Col. Louis Schirmer, 15th N.Y. Heavy Artillery, before the general court martial at Washington. Washington, 1865.
Description: 51 pages, 8vo.  Research Call Number: VWE p.v. 145, no. 9
Located at the New York Public Library, New York, NY.
Thank you to Ron Mansfield for finding this resource.

"The Homeward March." New York Times 27 August 1865, p. 8.
Part 1
Part 2
Thank you to Ron Mansfield for finding this article.

Matteson, W. Carlos. Matteson Collection, 1864-1865.
Personal Letters 1840-1882.
Twenty letters sent to Matteson's family in Buffalo, NY while serving with Company 'M", 15th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment. The Matteson material recalls a number of engagements, including the Wilderness, the Assault on Petersburg, Weldon Railroad and daily life in the trenches with the Fifteenth New York Heavy Artillery near Petersburg, Va.
Located at the Buffalo History Museum, Buffalo, NY.
Thank you to Ron Mansfield for pointing out this resource.

"The New York Fifteenth Heavy Artillery." New York Times 21 August 1865, p. 5.
Thank you to Ron Mansfield for finding this article.

Riddle, Albert Gallatin. Arguments for defence in the case of the United States vs. Colonel Louis Schirmer, 15th New York heavy artillery, tried before General court-martial ... at the City of Washington, commencing March 20, and terminating May 31. A. G. Riddle and S. Wolf, counsel for defendant. Washington, D. C., 1865. 71 p.

United States Army. 15th New York Heavy Artillery, Co. M. Regiment. Records (1864).
42 items.
Collection Call Number: 14787.
This group of records includes muster rolls, payrolls, medical release certificates, and requisitions for clothing and equipment. Also includes official correspondence of Captain William Dickey concerning administrative matters.
Located at the New York State Library, Albany, NY.
Thank you to Ron Mansfield for finding this collection.

Van Vleck, Jacob. Letters (1864-1865).
25 items.
Collection Call Number: 15433.
Letters sent to Van Vleck's family regarding his experiences of military life. He mentions his involvement in engagements between Union and Confederate troops at several places in the vicinity of Richmond, Virginia.
Located at the New York State Library, Albany, NY.
Thank you to Ron Mansfield for finding this collection.

 

Items the museum owns are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: September 25, 2013
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/artillery/15thArtHvy/15thArtHvyMain.htm

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