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1st Independent Battery
Light Artillery (Veteran)
Civil War

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Mustered in: November 23, 1861.
Mustered out: June 23, 1865.

Captain Terrence J. Kennedy received, October 18, 1861, authority to recruit this battery. It was recruited and organized at Auburn, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years, November 23, 1861. At the expiration of its term of service, the men entitled thereto were discharged and the battery continued in service.

It left the State December 4, 1861; received its numerical designation December 7, 1861; served near Washington, D. C, from December, 1861; in W. F. Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, from January, 1862; in same division, 4th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; in the 2d Division, 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862; in the Artillery Brigade, 6th Corps, from May, 1863; with the Army of the Shenandoah from October, 1864; in the 22d Corps from December, 1864; in. the 6th Corps, with the Army of the Potomac, from January 25, 1865.

Commanded by Capt. Andrew Cowan, it was honorably discharged and mustered out June 23, 1865, at Syracuse, having lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 12 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 6 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 38 enlisted men; total, 2 officers, 56 enlisted men; aggregate, 58; of whom 1 enlisted man died in the hands of the enemy.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Monument at Gettysburg

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

1st Independent Battery Guidon 1st Independent Battery Guidon

Muster Roll - There is no muster roll for this unit

Unit Roster

Further reading

Emerson, St. Clair. Letter, 7 June 1864.
4 pages.
Letter, 7 June 1864, from St. Clair Emerson (b. ca. 1840), 1st New York Light Artillery Regiment, at Cold Harbor, Virginia, to his sister, Mrs. Joshua Traver of Montezuma, Cayuga County, New York. Emerson alludes to his participation in the ongoing Battle of Cold Harbor, makes tentative predictions about the fall of Richmond and the end of the war, discusses irregularities in the mail service, and shares news of his father’s aborted attempt to join the war effort.
Accession 42714. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.

The reunion of Cowan's battery on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 3rd, 1886. The twenty-third anniversary of the battle, with a sketch of the Battery, from 1861 to 1865. 1886.
Cover title: The First New York Independent Battery of Light Artillery, Artillery Brigade, Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, 1861 to 1865.

Murray, R. L. "Hurrah for the ould flag!" : the true story of Captain Andrew Cowan and the First New York Independent Battery at Gettysburg. Wolcott, N.Y. : Benedum Books, 1998.

Shapley, Charles H. Letter, 19 June 1864.
4 pages.
Letter, 19 June 1864, from Charles H. Shapley (1838-1888), 1st New York Light Artillery, near Petersburg, Virginia, to his sister Alvira A. Shapley (b. ca. 1848) in Cortland County, New York. Subjects include the movement of his unit, skirmishes, a description of the city, having his photograph taken, and the impeding hanging of an African American.
Accession 41190. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: February 19, 2019

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