|Unit History Project|
2nd Independent Battery
Mustered in: August 16, 1861.
Varian's Battery, the artillery company of the 8th Militia, its term of service having expired, left the field July 20, 1861, and its guns were left with the Army of Northeastern Virginia. These guns were manned during the battle of Bull Run by detachments from the 8th and 29th Infantry, mainly of Company H, of the latter regiment, under Capt. Charles Bookwood, of the 29th Infantry. This battery was reorganized in the defenses of Washington, D. C., in August, 1861, and known by its synonyms. The men of the 8th and 29th Infantry serving with it were transferred to it and additional men from the regiments of Brigadier-General Blenker's Division were assigned to it. The battery, commanded by Capt. Louis Schirmer, was, August 16, 1861, mustered into the service of the United States for two years, and received from the State, December 7, 1861, its numerical designation. It served at and near Washington from July, 1861; in Blenker's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October, 1861; in 1st Brigade, Blenker's Division, Mountain Department, from April, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in 1st Division, nth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September, 1862; in 2d Division, 11th Corps, from March, 1863; in the nth Corps from April, 1863. June 6, 1863, the members of the battery not entitled to be discharged with it were attached to Battery I, 1st Artillery, and, June 13, 1863, the battery, commanded by Capt. Hermann Jahn, was mustered out and honorably discharged, at New York city, having lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 4 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 5 enlisted men; total, 1 officer, 9 enlisted men; aggregate, 10.
Captain Wolfgang Bock received authority, August 26, 1863, to recruit and reorganize the battery for three years' service; this authority was revoked October 14, 1863, and the men enlisted were assigned to the 15th Artillery
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History