|Unit History Project|
7th Artillery Regiment
Mustered in as 113th regiment of infantry: August 18, 1862
Col. Lewis O. Morris received, August 1, 1862, authority to recruit a regiment in the, then, 13th Senatorial district of the State. August 19, 1862, the regiment was designated the 113th Regiment of Infantry. It was organized at Albany and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years August 18, 1862. It was converted, December 10, 1862, into an artillery regiment, and December 19, 1862, designated the 7th Regiment of Artillery. Two additional companies were organized for the regiment, and mustered in the United States service for three years, August 6, 1863, and January 19, 1864, respectively. June 16, 1865, the men whose term of service would expire before October 1, 1865, were mustered out, and the regiment, under Co1. Richard C. Duryea, consolidated into a battalion of four companies, A, B, C and D.
The companies were recruited principally: A, B, C, D, E, F, G and I at Albany; H at West Troy; K at Albany, Westerlo, Bethlehem, Rensselaerville and Knox; and Land M in Albany county.
The regiment (ten companies) left the State August 19, 1862, and served as heavy artillery and infantry in the defenses of Washington, north of the Potomac, from August, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, Haskins' Division, 22nd Corps, from February, 1863; in Tyler's Artillery Division, 2d Corps, Army of Potomac, from May 18, 1864; in the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2d Corps, from May 29, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 2d Corps, from November 23, 1864; in the 2d Separate Brigade, 8th Corps, from February 25, 1865, at Baltimore, Md. The battalion remaining in service, commanded by Maj. John F. Mount, was honorably discharged and mustered out at Fort Federal Hill, Baltimore, Md., August 1, 1865.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 8 officers, 166 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 6 officers, 115 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 4 officers, 378 enlisted men; total, 18 officers, 659 enlisted men; aggregate, 677; of whom 4 officers and 213 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Army Record of Morton Havens. 1 p.
Huested, Alfred B. War record of famous Albany Regiment of 1862 : History that was read by Dr. A. B. Huested at the reunion of 100 survivors on the occasion of the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the old 113th Regiment, later known as the Seventh Heavy Artillery. 1912.
Keating, Robert. Carnival of Blood: the Civil War Ordeal of the Seventh New York Heavy Artillery. Baltimore: Butternut and Blue: 1998.
Lockley, Frederick E. Letters of Fred Lockley, Union soldier, 1864--65. Edited by John E. Pomfret. Huntington library quarterly XVI (1952/53) 75-112.
Six colored views : Camps of New York regiments during the Civil War.
Smith, Sylvester. Letters to Mary E. Smith,1862-1865.
Items in the museum collection are in bold.
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History