1st Cavalry Regiment
Lincoln Cavalry; Carbine Rangers; Sabre Regiment;
First United States Volunteer Cavalry
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed.
Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Mustered in: July 16 to August 31,1861
Mustered out: June 27,1865
This regiment was organized in New York city by Col. Carl Schurz, succeeded
by Col. Andrew T. McReynolds (June 15, 1861), under special authority from the
President, dated May 1, 1861, and was mustered into the United States service
between July 16 and August 31, 1861, for a service of three years.
Companies A, B, D, E, G, H, I, L and M, were recruited principally in New
York city, four of them being composed of Germans, Hungarians and Poles; Company
C, Boyd's Company C, Cavalry, Pa. Vols., at Philadelphia; F, at Syracuse; and
K, Michigan Company, at Grand Rapids, Mich.
The regiment left the State by detachments; Company C, the first in the field,
leaving July 22, 1861; by September 10, 1861, the regiment was all in the field;
it served at and near Washington, D. C., from July, 1861; in Franklin's and
Heintzelman's Divisions, Army of Potomac, from October 4, 1861; in 1st Division,
1st Corps, Army of Potomac, from March 24, 1862; with the 6th Corps, Army of
Potomac, from May, 1862; in 1st Cavalry Brigade, Army of Potomac, from July
8, 1862; in 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Potomac, from September,
1862; in Averill's Cavalry Division, 8th Corps, Middle Department, from October,
1862; with the forces for the defense of the Upper Potomac, 8th Corps, Middle
Department, from November, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 8th Corps,
from March, 1863; in the Department of the Susquehanna, from June, 1863; in
the Department of W. Va., from August, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division,
Cavalry, Army of W. Va., from November, 1863; in the 2d Brigade, 2d Division,
Army of W. Va., from August 27, 1864; in the Army of the Shenandoah, from October,
1864, and in the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry, Army of the Shenandoah, from
December, 1864, and with the Army of the Potomac, from March, 1865.
At the expiration of its term of service, those entitled thereto were discharged,
and the regiment, composed of veterans and recruits, continued in the service
until June 27, 1865, when, commanded by Col. Alonzo W. Adams, it was mustered
out at Alexandria, Va.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 3 officers, 22 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, 2
officers, 21 enlisted men; died of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 118
enlisted men; total, 7 officers, and 161 enlisted men; aggregate, 168; of whom
44 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Account of the encounter on August 7, 1864, at Moorefield,
1st Regiment Cavalry Standard
1st Cavlary Flank Markers
Adams, Francis Colburn. The story of a trooper, with much
of interest concerning the campaign on the Peninsula, not before written, by
F. Colbum Adams. Washington, DC: McGill & Witherow, printers, 1864.
Adams, Francis Colburn. A troopers adventures in the
War for the Union, a thrilling history of the campaigns, battles, exploits,
marches, victories and defeats of the Army of the Potomac, being a complete
and graphic narrative of the Peninsular cam paign under McClellan, by a cavalryman.
New York: Hurst & co. [n. d.].
Beach, William Harrison. The First New York (Lincoln)
cavalry, from April 19, 1861, to July 7, 1865, by William H. Beach. New
York: The Lincoln Cavalry Association [Milwaukee, Burdick & Allen] 1902.
Stevenson, James Hunter. "Boots and saddles," a
history of the First volunteer cavalry of the war, known as the First New
York (Lincoln) cavalry, and also as the Sabre regiment. Its organization,
and battles, by Jas. H. Stevenson. Harrisburg, PA:, Patriot pub. co., 1879.
Items in the museum collection are in bold.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military
February 4, 2010