|Unit History Project|
1st Dragoons Regiment
Mustered in as 130th regiment of infantry: September 2, 1862
July 25, 1862, Col. William S. Fullerton, succeeded by Col. Alfred Gibbs, received authority to recruit a regiment of infantry — the 130th — in the counties of Allegany, Livingston and Wyoming. It was organized at Portage, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years, on the 2d of September, 1862. It was converted, July 28, 1863, into a regiment of cavalry, and August 11, 1863, designated the 19th Regiment of Cavalry; this designation was changed September 10, 1863, to 1st Regiment of Dragoons. The companies were recruited principally: A at Castile, Gainesville, Pike, Portage, Perry and Genesee Falls; B at Dansville, Mt. Morris, Portage, Groveland, Scottsburg and Leicester; C at Attica, Eagle, Colesville, Bennington, Arcade, China, Oramel, Sheldon, Java and Portageville; D at Middleburg, Warsaw, Wyoming, Perry, Covington and Wethersfield; E at Wellsville, Andover and Independence; F at Portageville, Oramel, Hume and Centre-ville; G at Angelica, Lima, Genesee Falls, Conesus, Livonia and Springwater; H at Bird-.-sall, Almont, Oramel, Amity, Genesee Falls, Portageville, Belmont, Ward and Alfred; I at Nunda, Grove, Burns, Portage and Belfort; and K at Dansville and Genesee Falls.
The regiment (ten companies) left the State September 6, 1862, and served at Suffolk, Va., from September 13, 1862; in Terry's Brigade, Peck's, later Corcoran's, Division, 7th Corps, from March, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Corps, from June, 1863; in the Army of the Potomac, from July, 1863; in the Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry, Army of Potomac, from August, 1863; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Potomac, from. September, 1864; with the Army of the Shenandoah, from October, 1864; and with the Army of the Potomac, from March, 1865.
It was mustered out and honorably discharged, commanded by Col. Thomas J. Thorp, June 30, 1865, at Cloud's Mills, Va., having, during its service, lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 88 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 39 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 142 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 269 enlisted men; ;aggregate, 274; of whom 36 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspapers
Abbott, Allen O. Prison life in the South, at Richmond, Ma-con, Savannah, Charleston, Columbia, Charlotte, Raleigh, Goldsborough, and Anderson-ville, during the years 1864 and 1865, by A. O. Abbott, late Lieutenant First New York dragoons. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1865.
Bedgood, Deanna. Civil War History and Roster of the
First New York Dragoons. Denver: Outskirts Press, Inc. 2010.
Benedict, George D. George D. Benedict
Bowen, James Riley. Regimental history of the First New York dragoons (originally the 130th N.Y. vol. infantry), during three years of active service in the great Civil war, by Rev. J. R. Bowen. Published by the author. [Lyons: Mich.] 1900.
Carpenter, Daniel, 1st Sergeant Company K. [Diary of Daniel Carpenter].
Lewis, Charles Edward. War sketches, by Capt. Charles E. Lewis, No. 1. With the First dragoons in Virginia. [London: Simmons & Botten, printers,1897].
Regimental history of the First New York dragoons, with list of names, post-office addresses, casualties of officers and men, and number of prisoners, trophies, &c. captured, from organization to muster-out. Washington, DC: Gibson Brothers, printers, 1865.
Items the museum holds are in bold.
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military