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22nd Cavalry Regiment
Civil War
Rochester Cavalry

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Left the State: March 8, 1864
Mustered out: August 1, 1865

September 24, 1863, Col. Samuel J. Crooks received authority to recruit a second regiment of cavalry. He recruited this regiment, organizing it for a service of three years, at Rochester, where its companies were mustered in the service of the United States, A December 20, 1863; B and C January 5; D, E and F January 10; G, H and I February 2; K, L and M February 6, 12 and 23, 1864, respectively.

The companies were recruited principally: A at Rochester, Penn Yan, Perrinton, Pen-field and Jerusalem; B at Syracuse, Rochester and Utica; C at Brockport, Rome, Riga, Churchville, Sweden and Rochester; D at Rochester, Lyons, Cuba and Lindon; E at Caze-novia, Madison, Manlius, Syracuse and Smithfield; F at Rochester, Albion, Barre and Dunkirk ; G at Bath, Avon, Urbana, Plattsburgh and Rochester; H at Syracuse, Arcadia, Sodus, Huron, Lyons and Palmyra; I at Rochester, Auburn, Syracuse and Seneca Falls; K at Rochester, Portland, Pomfret, Lenox, Smithfield and Dunkirk; L at Plymouth, Norwich, Otsego, Oxford, Middlefield, Greene, Unadilla and German; and M at Rochester, Oneida, Bath, Auburn and Utica.

The regiment left the State March 8, 1864, and served in the 9th Corps, at Alexandria, Va., from March, 1864; in the 4th Division, 9th Corps, from April, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1864; unattached, Army of the Potomac, from May 8, 1864; with its brigade in June, 1864; with the Army of the Shenandoah from October, 1864, and in the Cavalry Division, Army of West Virginia, from February, 1865.

May 1, 1865, a detachment of recruits from the regiment was mustered out at Hart's island, New York harbor, and August 1, 1865, the regiment, commanded by Col. Horatio Blake Reed, was honorably discharged and mustered out at Winchester, Va.

During its service, the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 9 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 13 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, I officer, 178 enlisted men; total, 4 officers, 200 enlisted men; aggregate, 204; of whom 87 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.


Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

22nd Cavalry Standard 22nd Cavalry Standard

22nd Regiment Cavalry, NY Volunteers Guidon 22nd Cavalry Guidon

Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

"The 22nd cavalry: The statement that those who enlist in the new 22d cavalry regiment will not receive all the bounties is entirely untrue." Oneida: Union print [1864] broadside, 21 x 30 1/2 cm.

Burns, Michael G. From Rochester to Winchester: The Regimental History of the 22nd New York Cavaly, 1864-1865. Westminster, MD: Morningside Books, 2001.

Crumb, DeWitt. Historical address, delivered by DeWitt Crumb, late Corporal Co. G., at the annual re-union held at Syracuse, N.Y., on the 2d day of August, 1887. South Otselic, NY: W. M. Reynolds, 1887. 22 p. At head of title: 22d regiment, N. Y. vol. cav. "My recollections of the acts of our gallant old Regiment from June 29th 1864, to Aug. 9th 1865."

Lloyd, Harlan Page. "The battle of Waynesboro, by Harlan Page Lloyd, late Captain Twenty-second New York cavalry." MOLLUS-Ohio IV 194-213.

Hall, Seth M. "Diary of Twenty-second New York cavalry." In Fifth annual report of the New York state Bureau of military statistics, 1868, p. 613-17.

Near, Irving W. Volume I of A History of Steuben County, New York and its People. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Co., 1911.
Contributed by Kirk House, director of the Steuben County Historical Society in Bath, NY:
This space is dedicated to Hammondsport resident Benjamin Bennitt (1827-1889), and almost entirely to his service in the 23rd infantry regiment, NYS Volunteers (sergeant and lieutenant) and the 22nd cavalry regiment, NYS volunteers (captain and major, brevet lieutenant colonel). In the process of telling Bennitt's story, the article gives a fair amount of detail on his regiments' service. Reportedly he fought in 30 battles, spent time in 14 Confederate prisons, and made four escapes, eventually being recaptured each time. Postwar he was an inspector-general in the National Guard, and also involved with the NYS Soldiers and Sailors Home (now Bath VA).


Items in the museum collection are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: February 8, 2018

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