3rd Regiment Cavalry, NY Volunteers
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
THIRD REGIMENT (CAVALRY) NEW YORK STATE MILITIA.
A company of one hundred men, volunteers from the Third regiment (cavalry)
New York State Militia, were to have left this city-yesterday afternoon for
Washington, but owing to the detention caused by the mustering into the United
States service, they were not able to go, but will no doubt leave this morning.
At an early hour the men gathered together at the Arsenal, corner of Thirty-fifth
street and Seventh avenue, where they were drilled in the most careful manner
by the officers in field movements and the saber exercise. It must be recollected
that these men are not fresh hands at the business, but are men who thoroughly
understand their duties, or as much as any militia regiment can that has not
seen active service or faced the dangers of a real war. In the large drill
room of the Arsenal were gathered the friends and relatives of the soldiers,
and many affecting scenes took place. Such things, however, are not for the
eye of the public, and we will pass them over. As soon as all the little preliminaries
had been gone through with, the men marched out and mounted their horses, falling
at once into line, when they awaited the arrival of the mustering and appraising
officers. Some time elapsed ere they appeared on the ground, the company in
the meantime sitting patiently in their saddles. At about five o'clock the
mustering and appraising began, and was conducted in the following manner:—Captain
Haymen, of the United States Army, had each man brought before him, mounted
and an examination took place, the man's name, age, &c., being compared
with the muster roll, and if they properly tallied the man was declared all
right. Then followed an appraisal of the horse and its equipments, the value
being entered in its proper place on the muster roll. The valuation was
conducted by other parties than the mustering officer, who merely took down
the value of the animal as the appraisers named it. Much dissatisfaction prevailed
among the men at the price set upon their horses, it in many cases not being
within $50 or $60 dollars of the price actually paid the day before by the
owners. The appraisers argued that they had nothing to do with what was paid
for the horse, they judged by what they could purchase them themselves for.
The average value of the animals was about $110 the highest price being $160,
and the lowest $60. In each case $25 and upwards was allowed for the equipments,
independent of the value of the horse. The valuation is made on the part of
the government for the purpose of knowing what to pay these men in case they
should lose their horse by being killed or captured, the horse in all cases
being the property of the rider. The inspection was not finished until late
in the afternoon, and the consequence was that the men were not able to go,
as they had yet to get all their necessaries, such as blankets, pails, currycombs
and forage for their horses, those things not being furnished until the mustering
in has taken place.
An immense crowd was collected in the vicinity, and was with the greatest difficulty
that the police, assisted by some of the troopers, could keep the people back.
There was no disturbance, however, everybody being in the greatest good humor.
Lager bier was in immense demand, and from the length of time the men were
kept waiting, they imbibed rather too much, many of them sitting rather uneasily
in their saddles, and the horses were often blamed, when the fault actually
lay with the riders. An escort was in waiting to accompany them to the boat,
but they were not wanted, and they returned to their homes. The company numbers
one hundred men and is officered as follows:—
Captain, G. W. Sauer; Lieutenant, M. Baust; Acting Quartermaster, S. Rosenblatt;
Veterinary Surgeon, S. Born; Quartermaster Sergeant, M. Coppo; Orderly Sergeant,
CAMP RANKER RUN, NEWBERN, N. C.,
July 8th, 1863.
Dear Brother—I will give you an account of our 4th of July ride. We started
from the camp on the 3d at 4 A. M. We went to Newbern and marched past Jim
Foster's dwelling and he came out to see us start. At 8 o'clock we started
across the Trent river. We followed the river up and stopped at Pollosville
and fed. Then on to Trenton; there we found the rebel picket; we came down
on them and captured three of them. We staid there all night and started off
at 5 A. M. of the 4th and took the direction of Warsaw on the Wilmington and
Welden Railroad. We marched sixty miles on the 4th; at dark we came to a small
town called Hallville; there were seven cavalry and a company of home guards.
They gave us one volley and run; we took all of their arms and clothing but
there was no stopping here so we pressed on and at about two o'clock on the
morning of the 5th, we came to Kenyonville at about 2 A. M. There we found
a company of cavalry which we sent flying out into the swamps. They left everything
behind them, such as clothing and rations; we used all we wanted and destroyed
the rest. We stayed there until daylight of the 6th and then went on to the
railroad. The rebels heard we were coming but thought we were going to another
place farther down. There they had some troops ready for us but we smelled
a mice and went on a road where there was not one soldier. We went to the railroad,
cut the telegraph wire and tore up a mile or so of track, burned the depot
and several storehouses and cars. Some of the boys who are over fond of the "critter" came
out very "blue" having discovered a large quantity of what we call
apple-jack, but they came out all square. The rebels made their appearance
on both sides of us but did not come near enough to draw our shot or give any.
We started back at about 3 P. M. We marched about 20 miles and then camped
down for a short sleep. The rebels were not asleep all this time; they got
all the troops together and tried to cut off our retreat by throwing them in
our rear at Trenton, but they found that the 3d New York Cavalry, had friends,
for they had but just got there when they were surprised by the old 7th N.
J. Infantry who sent them off at a double-quick and soon after we came in to
hear the deafening cheers of the old 7th. They supposed we were all gobbled
but the 3d came out all sound with lots of rebel trophies, such as sabres,
guns, pistols, bowie knives, lances, confederate money, one large red flag,
and several small ones and other articles to numerous to mention. To sum it
up we marched two hundred miles, took thirty prisoners, two hundred horses
and mules, destroyed one storehouse and a machine shop, where they made
sabers with five hundred sabers in, which we burned and did all the damage
we could do, to their government property. We returned without the loss of
a man. We lost several horses by hard riding and heat; we returned to camp
at noon on the 7th, having come around, in four days and a half. At the place
where we found the rebel cavalry, I had the pleasure of opening the captains
trunk, with a big iron stool for a key. I found his company pay rolls, and
other company papers, also, a few other articles, but none of value. One of
the boys got the captains wife likeness. Some of the boys got revolvers, sabers,
etc. We are already for another raid and I do not think we will have to wait
Yours in haste, DELAMETER, Bugler,
3d N. Y. Cavalry, Newbern, N. C.
Successful Raid of the Third N. Y. Cavalry.
WASHINGTON, J u ly 9.
The following has been received at the headquarters of the army here:
NEWBERN, N. C. July 7,
via Fortress Monroe, July 8.
Major-General H. W. Hallack, General- in- Chief, Washington:
I have the honor to report that the cavalry sent from here July 3, under Colonel
Lewis, of the Third New-York cavalry, have safely returned, having successfully
accomplished their mission and without loss. They destroyed (twisting rails,
etc., by General Haupt's plan) two miles of the railroad at Warsaw; also destroying
for five miles more all the culverts, as well as the telegraph. At Kenansville
an armory was destroyed; large quantities of small arms and quantities of commissary
and quartermaster stores were burnt. About one hundred and fifty animals and
thirty prisoners were captured by them, and some one hundred men and about
three hundred women and children, negroes, followed them in.
J. G. FOSTER,
FROM NORTH CAROLINA.
Mix's Cavalry on a Scout.
Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribune.
NEWBERN, June 3, 1862.
A squad of fifteen men, under Lieut. Allis, of Company I, Mix's 3d N. Y. Cavalry,
while scouting at daylight on Saturday, 31st, ult., on the Greenvrlle [sic]
road, near Tranter's Creek, eight miles above Washington, on Pamlico River,
fell in with a superior force of Rebel cavalry, and a sharp fight ensued. The
Rebels were beaten off, with a loss of three men killed, six wounded, and two
unhurt taken prisoners. None of Mix's men were killed, and but one, Ogden Harrison
of Syracuse, N. Y, was wounded. The New-York boys had two horses killed under
them but remounted themselves with the horses of the killed Rebels. While returning
to Washington with the prisoners captured, Lieut. Allis and his little band
were suddenly surprised and surrounded by a large body of Rebel infantry, who
rushed upon them from the woods by the roadside. He gallantly cut his way through
them without losing a man or horse, but was compelled to abandon his prisoners
to save his own men. Private Ogden, though badly wounded, will probably recover.
Two men of Mix's Cavalry while on picket duty on the Trent road, twelve miles
from Newbern, were fired upon on Saturday last from an ambush. One of them,
private Charles Nicholson, Company G, from Lewis County, N. Y., received a
bad wound by buckshot in the left arm, but is doing well, and will not be disabled
from continuing in service. NEWBERN, N. C. June 7, 1862.
Sergeant Colton, Corporal Lawson, and privates Green, Platt, Cyphers, Flagler,
and Reed of Co. I, while scouting near Tranter's Creek, about 8 miles above
Washington, on the 2d inst., were surprised and surrounded by Rebel infantry
rushing in upon them from the woods which skirt the Greenville road at that
point, entirely, as the Rebels thought, cutting them off from escape, as our
men were outnumbered ten to one. The cavalry charged the Rebels, and four of
the seven succeeded in cutting their way through them. Sergeant Colton, and
Flagler, and Reed had their horses killed under them—the two latter being
made prisoners. Sergeant Colton received two gun-shot wounds in the face and
shoulder, but succeeded in escaping by getting up behind another trooper and
riding off. These men are from
Syracuse, N. Y.
This body of infantry had been sent down from Tarboro—supposed to be
600 to 800 in number—for the purpose of retaking Washington, which is
occupied by a small force of Union troops. They have been discovered, however,
in good time, and their plan will be signally thwarted, as reinforcements have
gone from Newbern in that direction.
Ogden Harrison of Syracuse, private, Company I, Mix's Cavalry, who was wounded
in a previous skirmish by a musket ball which passed through both hips, it
is thought will recover. All others of the wounded men of this regiment are
able to leave their beds, and will soon be fit again for duty. The Rebels have
been well chastized [sic] by this cavalry.
NEWBERN, N. C., July 23, 1863.
To the Editor of the Utica Morning Herald:
When I left your quiet city on the 13th inst., I expected to have been in Newbern
a week ago; but upon my arrival in New York city, I found a drunken, thieving
mob running rampant, and as the services of every military man were needed
to crush the horrid monster, I volunteered my own, and I think the hardest
service I have yet given my country was performed during the four days of last
week that the disgraceful riot raged in New York. On Sabbath morning last,
I bid adieu to the blood-stained streets of the Empire city, and our steamer,
the Alliance, passed through the Narrows, en route for Newbern, just as the
last chimes of Old Trinity were pealing for morning worship. Not one on board
but whose cheek tinged with a glow of shame as he thought of the black stories
that during the past week had darkened the hitherto unsullied fame of the Old
Empire State. Assiduous indeed must be the efforts of our patriots of New York
to again brighten her fair cutcheon. It can be done. The blackened stories
must be washed away in blood. Let the fox eye of Javert pry into the mysterious
elements that gave rise to this turbulent outbreak. Hang the leaders! Hang
every one who took part in the dastardly proceedings of the mob! Enforce the
draft with all rigor. Let our authorities assiduously purge the State of every
discordant element that may at any time be brought to bear against our once
proud, happy and beneficent government. Only this will cleanse their skirts
of the death marks now upon them. The rebels are chuckling over the terrible
proceedings of last week in New York. They are driven from their strongholds,
but what care they when in the very heart of the North their cause is progressing
even better than they could expect!
We had a most delightful passage from New York and arrived at Newbern on Tuesday
evening, 21st inst. I found the city of Newbern quiet and pleasant as ever,
AN EXPEDITION INTO THE INTERIOR OF THE STATE
had gone out early Saturday morning, under the command of that most efficient
and gallant officer, Brigadier General Potter, Chief of Staff to
General Foster. The troops for the expedition comprised two battalions of the
3d N. Y. cavalry, commanded by Majors Cole and Jacobs; one company of the 1st
N. C. cavalry, Lieut. Graham, and one battalion of the 12th N. Y. cavalry,
Major Clarkston; two sections of 12 pound howitzers, Lieut. Allis, and one
section of flying artillery from the 3d N. Y. regiment, commanded by Lieut.
Clark. The cavalry was all under the command of Lieut. Col. Lewis, of the 3d
N. Y. cavalry.
CROSSING THE NEUSE.
The force crossed the Neuse River on flats, and quickly proceeded via Swift
Creek to Greenville, a small village distant about fifty miles from Newbern.
At Swift Creek a brace of Rebs were picked up and the force arrived at Greenville
about 3 P. M. Sunday. They found Greenville and all the surrounding fortifications
deserted, and after burning a valuable bridge spanning Tar River at this
place, the expedition proceeded about fifteen miles further up the Tar River
to Sparta, where the troops bivouacked for a few hours during the night,
and then Majs. Cole and Clarkston's Battalions of Cavalry, with Lieut. Clark's
Section of Flying Artillery moved quickly toward Tarboro, while Maj. Jacobs
with the rest of the troops proceeded toward Rock Mount.
THE CHARGE INTO TARBORO.
The force arrived at Tarboro about 11 A. M. Monday, and the first notification
the snuff-dipping denizens of the village had of the approach of Federal troops
was their furious charge into the town. Our brave boys immediately took possession
of the bridge across Tar River at this place, and after penetrating into the
country about three miles beyond Tarboro, returned and destroyed it. A rebel
Captain and several rebel pickets were also picked up here. Two gunboats building
here and two small steamers were quickly made into ashes, together with the
works and material for naval building, and the large railroad depot, besides
a very large-amount of commissary stores congregated at Tarboro; were also
burned. After paying this flying visit to Tarboro, Maj. Clarkston, with Cos.
G and B, 3d New York Cavalry, and one piece of Lieut. Clark's Section, went
down the road towards Kinston. About three miles from Tarboro a large force
of rebels was encountered, and
A CHARGE FOR TWO MILES
was made upon them through the woods. Quite a skirmish ensued, and several
men were killed on both sides. Two of Lieut. Clark's 3d artillerymen were lost
here, and Lieut. Clark only saved himself by dodging into the swamp, where,
after wandering about for several hours in water waist deep, among "varmints" and
mosquitos, he finally succeeded in joining the main column of our troops, but
not until he had drawn the fire of both rebel and our own pickets in passing
their lines. Lieut. Clark had dismounted to establish his piece in battery,
when the rebels fired from ambush upon him. His coolness and forethought, however,
saved his piece, and after wards his discretion and endurance saved himself.
In fact, the safe escape of this brave Lieutenant was almost a miracle.
THE EXPEDITION TO ROCK MOUNT.
Maj. Jacobs had in the meanwhile left Sparta for Rock Mount at 3 o'clock Monday
morning. Rock Mount is a station on the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, a place
of considerable importance in a military point of view. Before arriving at
this village a large train of cars was just moving out of town. The cars were
loaded with ammunition just brought from Tarboro for safe keeping. The conductor
heard the approach of our charging squadron, and the engineer was ordered to
move off with all possible speed; but he had hardly commenced opening his steam
valves when the bullets from our dragoon's carbines began to batter his engine
thick and fast, so thickly that he dare not rise up to put on more steam, at
last he jumped off his engine, when one of our cavalrymen quick as flash, dismounted
his horse, mounted the engine, reversed the locomotive, and brought the train
back again to the depot. Eight rebel officers fleeing into the interior, and
several privates were found on board the train, and immediately taken in charge.
The train of cars, with ammunition and all, was then fired. The railroad bridge
at this place was also destroyed. A large number of contrabands were made willing
prisoners at Rock Mount, and then after destroying even a larger quantity of
commissary stores than at Tarboro, the detachment returned and joined the main
column between Tarboro and Sparta.
The expedition now returned home, by a long and circuitous route, to avoid
interceptions from the Rebs., who by this time were thoroughly aroused in their
lair. However, they did not quite succeed in avoiding hostile meetings with
the angry grey coats. On Tuesday night their route was intercepted near Greenville,
and several times before they arrived at Newbern they were compelled to cut
their way through vastly superior numbers. Besides, their rear was harassed
by a swarm of the rebel hornets who were now thoroughly stirred up in their
nest, and they only saved themselves from much annoyance by burning the bridges
as they passed over them.
RECRUITS FOLLOWING IN THEIR WAKE.
Wherever the expedition passed the contrabands joined them. Some of them on "Massa's
mules," some on "Massa's horses," others in “Massa’s
wagons and carts,” others still on foot. Everywhere the Federal troops
passed they were hailed by these persecuted people as their deliverers, and
hundreds of them followed the expedition into the city. Here they will soon
join the negro organizations, and a terrible retribution to be meted out by
them is in store for their masters. It was very unfortunate that in one instance
the rebels forces were so close upon us that we were compelled to burn a bridge
all the contrabands who were following had come up and thereby a large number
fell again prisoners into the hands of their former masters, doomed now certainly
to a slavery worse than death itself.
The appearance of the poor creatures as their column entered Newbern was grotesxue
[sic] and amusing. Mounted on animals so poor that their "traps" might
have been suspended from the protruding bones, these wandering children, fleeing
from captivity, appeared as happy as they only can appear when to them the
great Millenium [sic], the total abrogation of slavery shall come: "Running
'way from de Rebs," "gwine to fight 'dem now," were their replies
to the interrogations of wondering ones from whence they came.
Although everything is quiet in Newbern, our commanders are by no means asleep.
An attack is not unexpected, and every precaution has been taken to guard against
a surprise, and to repel any attack the rebels, now thoroughly stirred up,
should presume to attempt. This evening word was brought that our pickets at "Red
House," distant about eight miles, had been driven in. A squadron of cavalry
and some artillery were immediately sent to that point, but soon returned,
pronouncing the rumor a "false alarm."
SANITARY CONDITION OF THE ARMY.
No pains have been spared to preserve the good health of our army, and the
sanitary condition of the troops in this department was never better. The weather
is quite hot, but we have a strong sea breeze, and all in all it is much pleasanter
here than in New York city, and although in the South, a military man is not
here compelled to doff his uniform to save himself from the halter or stiletto.
Part of Virginia has been added to Gen. Foster's command, and you may soon
expect to hear of renewed activity in his enlarged district.
More anon. Yours, in the war for the Union,
J. H. H.
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.
From the Third Cavalry.
CAVALRY POST, NEWBERN, July 24, 1863.
Enclosed are two late papers from the interior, which I got while on a late
march toward the center of the State. We were gone five days—Col. Lewis,
of the 3d Cavalry, commanding a force of seventeen companies of cavalry and
four mountain howitzers. We marched 300 miles, captured 100 prisoner and 300
mules and horses, destroyed the railroad bridge across the Tar river at Rocky
Mount, between Weldon and Goldsborough, captured a train of cars having on
board 2,000 rounds of artillery ammunition and 50,000 rounds of small ammunition,
$100,000 worth of Quartermaster's stores, two railroad depots at Tarboro and
Rocky Mount, captured and destroyed a train of 16 baggage wagons, and raised
the d—l generally. We were cut off several times on our return, which
made us march 100 miles out of our way.
At Hookerstown we were attacked both in front and rear, but the rebels were
quickly dispersed with canister. They had several pieces of artillery at different
points, and used them with pretty good effect. They followed us to within eight
miles of Newbern, and while we were waiting for transportation across the river
they attacked us. We had a "right smart" skirmish here for two hours,
the enemy bringing into action three pieces of artillery, while we used but
We lost a few prisoners here, and had several wounded--no Rochester boys, I
believe. Their cavalry made a charge on one of our guns, but after receiving
a well directed canister, returned with considerable loss. The next morning
eleven dead horses were found at the point of their repulse.
We lost about thirty men, most of them prisoners, on the march. Addison Henry,
of Rochester, of Co. A, is one of the prisoners. We marched three days without
food or sleep—not halting over six hours in the whole time. Many of the
men fell asleep on their horses, and falling from the ranks, were captured
by the enemy, who kept close on our rear.
The boys all enjoyed the march, and in a few days will be ready for another.
It is considered a big thing here. Clark, of Co. A, was slightly wounded by
a piece of shell.
P. S. Our boys say they would like to make a raid into New York city for a
week or two, and fight the damned scoundrels who are trying to sneak out of
CAMP ROCKY RUN, N. C., CO. G.
3d N. Y. CAVALRY, July 24th, 1863.
Although much fatigued and worn out with our late expedition under command
of Gen. Potter, from which we returned safely into camp yesterday afternoon;
I will briefly as possible give you a history of some of its incidents and
The 3d N. Y. Cavalry, of which Co. G. is a component part, left this camp on
the morning of the 18th inst., light mounted, each man taking three days rations
in his haversack and twelve quarts of oats for his horse, and marched to Newbern,
were joined by other Cavalry and Artillery forces to the number of nearly 800.
We crossed the Neuse river on Ferry boats, (all as yet, conjecture as to our
destination.) and proceeded by rapid marches to Swifts Creek, Johnsons Mills
and Green Ville, the county seat of Pitt county, where we charged into town
about noon. Our coming was a perfect surprise and created great alarm and consternation.—We
found no enemy in force, but unoccupied earth works, forts, and rifle pits,
extending around the town a distance of four or five miles. We bivouacked two
or three hours at the corners of the streets, in the yards and vacant places
in town and fed our hungry and jaded horses, from the barns and granaries of
the place. The authorities nolens volens gave us a carte blanche and the freedom
of the town, which we freely used, making ourselves intimate with the interior
arrangements of stores, public buildings, dwelling houses, iron safes, money
drawers and every other place where a single article contraband of war could
possibly be secreted. The result was the capture of a large quantity of fire
arms and equipage, some $50,000 in secesh and North Carolina money, besides
a few thousand dollars in gold and silver, and a few green backs and any quantity
of other property.
Recollecting a little scripture we once read, about opening the prison doors
and letting the oppressed go free, we broke open the jail and proclaimed a "general
jail delivery," set at liberty 25 negroes; some of whom had been confined
over two years for the outrageous Crime of aiding some slaves to obtain their
liberty and freedom from a life long bondage. On reaching the outside of the
prison door, the flag of the Union floating over their heads, their joy and
expressions of gratitude were unbounded: and O, dear reader it would have done
your soul good to have seen and heard the congratulations and thankfulness
manifested by their sable brethren as they met and embraced each other in the
wildest manifestations of joy. A few miles before reaching this place the videttes
of Co. G captured a Rebel Army Pay-Master with $60,000 mostly in North Carolina
notes worth about 25 cents on the dollar. The company also surprised a picket
station, capturing 17 secesh prisoners with their arms &c.
We left the beautiful village of Green Ville and its citizens about 3 o'clock
p. m. to meditate on the vicisitudes of war and the penalties of treason, and
marched rapidly through Falkland and Sparta to Rocky Mount, a Rail-road station
on the Wilmington Rail-road about half way between Goldsboro and Weldon, at
the junction of the Tarboro branch Rail-road.—Our charge into town about
8 o'clock a. m., was as sudden and unexpected to its inhabitants as would have
been a clap of thunder under a cloudless sky at noon day, and found the citizens
as wild and terrified as if the final day of judgment had actually come upon
A few gray back officers and pickets were taken prisoners and the work of retribution
commenced. Telegraph wires were cut, a train of cars with steam up and just
moving off was captured and burned, the Rail-road bridge over a branch of the
Tar river, 1000 feet long and 60 ft. above the water, a factory 3 stories high
and 200 feet long, employing 200 hands, mostly females, engaged in the manufacture
of army cloths and clothing, an armory and machine shop containing shells,
guns, powder &c., a flouring mill and bakery containing large amounts of
grain flour and hard bread, a large depot station and store houses, well filled
with Rebel property; all was burned and destroyed and soon became smoldering
heaps of ruin. In the cars was 60,000 pounds of bacon, besides other army provision
and a large amount of shells, shrapnel [sic], powder cartridges &c., the
explosion of which at short intervals as the tire reached them was grand and
terrific, carrying despair and destruction to buildings in the vicinity also
burning a train of 12 or 14 army wagons well filled with various contraband
of war. "King Cotton," too was here imolated [sic] on the burning
alter of the Union, and 500 bales of the imperial staple brought here in store
for future exportation was sacrifised [sic] "so as by fire."
The main object of the expedition here, the destruction of Rail-road and Army
property being accomplished, we commenced under a hot sun at noon day, a counter
march for Newbern—a task of perilous necessity. The enemy was on the
alert, and amassed his forces at different points so as to intercept us or
fall upon our rear and cut us up, but such was the military skill displayed
by Gen. Potter in the management of his command, together with the celerity
of our movements, that he was completely foiled and baffled at every point,
and after severe skirmishing and a fight at Streets Ferry over the Neuse, we
returned safely to camp in triumph, having with a loss of not to exceed 20
men killed, wounded and missing; made an incursion into a hostitle [sic] country
and within the military lines of the enemy 250 miles in 6 days; destroyed millions
of property, broke and destroyed important Railroad communication of the enemy,
captured hundreds of horses, mules, wagons, &c. Siezed [sic]not less than
$200,000 secesh and North Carolina money with a "right smart heap" of
gold and silver and a few green backs, brought off 150 contrabands, and better
than all, taught the Rebs. a Sam Patch lesson that "some things can be
done as well as others."
Indeed, this raid or expedition, taking into consideration the inadequate force
employed, the rapidity of its marches by night and under a burning sun by day,
the amount of injury inflicted, the very salutary lesson taught the enemy,
the dash and daring of its character and the most trumphant [sic] and successful
results accomplished, stands without a parallel in the history of the war.
I regret having to add that Penbroke Dunham and Henry Eager of Co. G, are among
the missing and were probably taken prisoners at Rocky
Mount, also that Joseph Massett was slightly wounded in the thigh by a musket
ball, which were all the casulties [sic] to Co. G.
And now, let me say, friend Carpenter, we think we know a little about Cavalry
War! O, how exhilarating to the spirits and how romantic the thought to be
almost constantly in the saddle for 48 hours at a time, without sleep, to ride
all day under a burning sun the heat at 90 or 100 degrees and by the aid of
foraging and jayhawking make three days rations answer for six, and be shot
at in the bargain! And this is our experience during this march and gives me
entirely new ideas of the amount of fatigue and hardship the human system is
capable of enduring without sinking under it.
The Country through which we passed has good natural facilities and possesses
all of the elements of being a good agricultural country and yet the fact is
everywhere apparent of the want of thrift and prosperity occasioned by the
miserable and ruinous system of slave labor. When will it be superceded by
the more beneficient [sic] system of voluntary paid labor, and this beautiful
country assume the high rank and station as an integral portion of our happy
Union that nature seems intended for it.
All branches of the army here are loud in their manifestation of joy over the
news of our late victories over the armies of the rebellion, and quite as loud
and intensely bitter in the denunciations of the copperheads of the North and
the "aid and comfort" they furnish our "mistaken Southern brethren" as
Gov. Seymour would say. Don't fear, they are watched and will be remembered
by the army when its members return to their homes. They are known and the
remark is often made by the soldier that he would like to volunteer with arms
in his hands to enforce the draft against certain persons in his neighborhood,
always naming them with a feeling and disgust felt for the most abandoned criminals.
Excuse the prolixity of this letter and believe me,
P. S. Privates Dunham and Eager were last seen at Rocky Run, and the presumption
[sic] is that over come by fatigue and the want of sleep, they had laid down
to rest and were thus left behind and consequently taken prisoners. W.
The Great Cavalry Raid in North Carolina.
A correspondent at Newbern sends us the following report of the recent great
cavalry raid into North Carolina, under command of Lieut. Col. Lewis of this
city. With it we have, a handsome map of the route taken by the party, made
by John Bisgood, Civil Engineer, a member of the 3d Cavalry. As so many of
our citizens in the 3d participated in this dashing exploit into the rebel
country, the report will be read with much satisfaction:
NEWBERN, N. C, July 27, 1863.
EDS. UNION AND ADVERTISER: The cavalry forces of this department made another
raid in this State last week, an account of which I send you.
On the morning of Saturday, 18th inst., Lieut. Col. Geo. W. Lewis (who has
command of all the cavalry in this department), embarked his command, consisting
of the 3d N. Y. C. (Companies A, B and F), 12th N. Y. C. (A and B), Mix's new
regiment (Co. L), 1st N. C. U. Vols., and two sections of mountain howitzers.
Landing at Fort Anderson, the column moved forward about 11 1-2 a. m. to Swift
Creek, 17 miles, where we encamped. At an early hour the following morning
we proceeded towards Greenville on the Tar River, capturing several prisoners
on the way. Reaching Greenville about 2 p. m., we halted two hours to feed
our horses, &c., then proceeded to Sparta, which place we reached at 2
o'clock a. m. of the 20th, and bivouacked till 6 o'clock a. m. At this point
Major Jacobs, with his detachment, Cos. A, E, G. D. I and L and one howitzer,
was sent to Rocky Mount, on the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, where they
arrived without opposition or incident.
At 8:30 a. m. of the 20th, the advance captured a train of cars in motion,
upon which were five officers, viz., one captain, two 1st lieutenants, two
2d lieutenants and ten privates. The capture of the train is due more particularly
to the coolness and bravery of private White, Co. A, 3d N. Y. C., who sprang
from his horse, and jumping upon the train in motion eight miles per hour,
placed his revolver at the head of engineer, reversed engine, and brought back
the train. This train of cars, together with depot, railroad and telegraph
offices, county bridge (350 feet long), railroad bridge and trestle work attached
(750 feet long), cotton mills, built of stone and six stories high, government
flouring mill, 1,000 barrels flour, immense quantities hard tack already manufactured,
staple cotton and manufactured goods filling the store room of the cotton factory,
a machine shop filled with war munitions, three trains of government wagons,
numbering 37 wagons, loaded with all manner of stores and supplies, were all
burst and destroyed. At 11 o'clock a. m. the detachment left Rocky Mount to
rejoin main column at Tarboro, burning large quantities of cotton and a five
wagons on the way. The cotton destroyed exceeded 800 bales. During the absence
Major Jacobs with his command, the main column, leaving Sparta at 6 o'clock
m., marched to Tarboro, into which place they charged at 9 o'clock a. m., capturing
Learning that the enemy were in force about five miles, on road to Hamilton,
Major Clarkson was sent with three companies this regiment, (12th N. Y. Cavalry)
to feel the enemy. Moving forward a mile his videttes were fired upon by six
mounted men a short distance down the road. The advance charged with other
two companies following. After a charge of half a mile, the advaned [sic] received
a volley from enemy in woods on each side of the road, wounding several. The
command having been rallied, they were ordered to charge back, firing their
pistols as they went at the enemy. On joining the column it was found that
loss was three commissioned officers missing, enlisted men killed, 12 wounded
and 10 missing. A strong skirmishing force of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry having been
sent out on the same skirmishing was kept up for some time, the balance of
command were destroying all government property in and about the place, among
which were two steamboats, "Gen. Hill" and "Gov. Morehead," a
formidable ram, in course of construction, ordinance and ordinance stores,
railroad depot, railroad cars, a large quantity of cotton, &c., &c.
About 5 o'clock P. M., Major Jacobs, having arrived from Rocky Run, column
took up line of march for Sparta, not however, without first burning the bridge
across the Tar River. Passing through Sparta we moved on Greenville, but were
prevented crossing Fyson's Creek, the enemy having taken up the bridge, had
piece of artillery planted on the other side, forcing us to make a flank movement
around Greenville, which we did by marching all night. On morning the 21st
column halted, in order to feed our horses , at a farm house about 15 miles
from Snow Hill. After a halt of three hours we continued the march, the rear
being continually annoyed by a force of the enemy's cavalry, about dark we
arrived at Scupperton, where we learned a large force of infantry were awaiting
us on the side of the road. Nothing daunted, we marched on all night without
incident, arriving the next morning, the 22d, at Swift Creek, where we again
found the bridge destroyed, compelling us to march to Street's Ferry, where
we bivouacked and threw out our pickets. A messenger was also sent across the
river in a "dug out," swiming [sic] his horse by his side with a
telegram for Newberne, to be sent from Batchelor's Creek, ordering up a gunboat
and flats. Lieuts. Burke and Kromer, with five men, had been sent also from
Swift Creek with a similar message, but as they had 17 miles to travel and
there being a chance of the enemy cutting them off, the second message was
sent. Our pickets had been out but a short time when skirmishing was heard.
The company on picket not being armed with carbines, Co. "K" was
sent to relieve them. One of the howitzers was also sent to protect our skirmishers.
Shortly after Co. "K" had relieved Co. "L," a message was
sent to Col. Lewis that the enemy were preparing to charge on the howitzer..
The whole carbine force was immediately sent out, when very lively skirmishing
was kept up until 1 o'clock A. M., when the enemy retreated, so that at daylight
there were none to be seen. During the evening they charged four times on the
howitzer, but were repulsed each time. At 8 o'clock A. M., the 23d, the command
crossed the Neuse at the Ferry, on pontoon bridges, and marched by the Washington
road to their respective camps, with the exception of those companies quartered
in the city, (Cos. B, C, D and I,) who were towed down the river by the gun-boat.
Thus ended our second raid through this State. Our casualties are: Killed 2,
wounded 19, missing 43; total 64. I am, Mr. Editor, yours,
P. S.--We took over 100 prisoners; 300 mules and horses, some 500 negroes following
us into Newbern.
.... ammunition and shells which made a splendid cannonading. There was, also,
a large amount of government stores and cotton burned. We burned a covered
railroad bridge over 400 feet long, and the engine we run into the water.--We
burned the telegraph office, also, and cut the wires. From thence we went to
Tarborough and joined the regiment. We captured and destroyed, at Tarborough,
a train of ten wagons loaded with baled hay. The remainder of the expedition
had destroyed two steamers and a flat-bottomed iron-clad gunboat which were
in process of building. In addition, they destroyed an arsenal, a new fort
by Gen. Haup's plan, about two miles of railroad track, and burned a large
amount of cotton and government stores.
Tarborough looks the most like our northern cities of any place I have seen
since I have been in the Sunny South.
The rebels spiked three 32 pound siege guns and retreated across Tar river,
tearing up the bridge after them, and planted some artillery and shelled the
town all the time our forces were in it. We left there at 4:30 p. m. on our
return home, by the same road we went there; and when about ten miles south
of Sparta, the rebels cut us off by destroying a bridge and planting artillery.
This was late in the evening, and quite dark, and we supposed we were in a
pickle. But Gen. Potter is not a man to be fooled every day. We took a lane
and forded the stream above them, and managed to get in the rear of them with
our whole column. The rear guard charged upon them, and lost three or four
men. They had infantry in the woods lying in ambush for us if we charged.
FOURTH DAY'S ADVANCE.
In the lanes, roads and by-paths through which we passed until 4 o'clock A.
M., we, occasionally received a volley from a cornfield or from the bushes.
We traveled at double quick and were so tired and sleepy that half the regiment
lost their hats while sleeping on their horses' necks. Our battalion, Maj.
Jacobs, marched 95 miles that day. You would have laughed if you could have
seen us. But none of us were so tired that we could not destroy over a hundred
dollars worth of melons and peaches. Who wouldn’t be a soldier?
After a short rest we once more resumed our march, and went as far as Hookerstown,
a small village about forty miles from Newberne. We charged into town after
dark. It was very wet and rainy. Here we met with another halt. The rebels
had destroyed the bridge across a creek, )I did not learn its name,) and when
we came to it a dozen shots or so were fired at us from the opposite bank of
the stream, and then they left. We were more than an hour getting the bridge
so we could cross; but before we could get the whole train across the rebels
attacked our rear with cavalry and artillery, and we had to leave a train of
about 500 darkies, with mules and wagons, in order to burn the bridge to cut
off the rebels. Again we marched almost all night, and it seemed as though
we marched round and round, from the distance we went through the dark and
mud; but we were obliged to keep on the tramp or lose our ducks. We arrived
at Swift Creek the next morning at about 9 o’clock, and took and destroyed
a camp of Whitworth guerrillas.
FIFTH DAY'S ADVANCE.
From Swift Creek we marched to Street's Ferry, ten miles from Newberne, where
we encamped. Gen. Potter sent a squad of cavalry to Newberne as messengers.
The rebels again attacked us before we had hardly got our dinners. They were
reported to have a brigade of cavalry, artillery, and infantry. They charged
down upon one of our regimental howitzers, commanded by Lieut. Alice, and
when in good range he gave them a dose—a double charge of grape and
canister—keeling over 42 of the grey jackets at one lick. About 100
of us were immediately sent to support the piece and to act as skirmishers.
They shelled us "right smart," but did no hurt. In the evening
the steamers Port Royal and Allison, and the gunboat Bombshell, came up and
brought some flats and built a pontoon bridge. I suppose the rebels did not
like the looks of the gunboat, for they left during the night. Everything
was crossed in good order next morning, all arrived in Newberne about noon,
and each man went to his quarters, thankful to take up even with a bachelor's
fare, after having made a march of about 250 miles inside of five days. After
having had one good night's sleep we are up and ready for another move. Only
let the ball keep rolling on.
C. N. D. MEAD, Co. I
From North Carolina.
Newbern, Aug. 7.
The month that is passed has wrought a marked and decided change in the state
of affairs here; the few remaining troops of this command have been culling
their bigness in this rebellion of late, thereby convincing the inhabitants
of this portion of the Confederacy that they are not engaged in the most safe
or profitable enterprise possible, as a rehearsal of our doings for the past
month will, I believe, abundantly corroborate.
I have had occasion in my correspondence heretofore to refer to that important
line of railway known as the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, which traverses
the entire breadth of this State, and, together with its continuations, forms
the most direct route between the two rebel strongholds, Richmond and Charleston.
Now, as the partial success of Gen. Lee to repel the advances of our army into
Virginia is largely attributed to the rapidity with which he is enabled to
receive reinforcements, mostly from the army of Beauregard, it will be observed
at once that this road is a most indispensable auxiliary to the rebel military
authorities for the purpose of conveying troops, provisions, etc. to and from
the rebel main military depots, and headquarters of the two grand divisions
of the rebel army. To keep a certain portion of this road in a condition that
would be considered rather detrimental to safe locomotion seems to be one of
Gen. Foster's favorite duties, but as the track is usually well guarded at
all points accessible to artillery, to successfully accomplish this often requires
not a little skill and hard fighting. With the two-fold purpose of learning
the enemy's strength in this quarter, and to destroy a considerable portion
of this road, in order if possible to prevent Beauregard from immediately reinforcing
Lee, and since the attack on Charleston vice versa, three separate reconnoisances
[sic] have been made from this point, since I last wrote you, with what results
the following will briefly indicate:
RECONNOISANCE NO. 1.
Left Newbern early on the morning of the 7th of July last. The whole force
consisted of six regiments of infantry, 1200 cavalry and two light batteries.
Taking a southwesterly course and nearly parallel with the river Trent, the
line of march was continued in the direction of Trenton. Her the greater part
of the force remained, while the cavalry and one battery of mountain howitzers
made a forced march to Warsaw, a station on the Wilmington and Weldon railroad.
The advance cavalry succeeded in surprising and capturing all the rebel pickets
on the road, they found no rebel force in the town, and in a few hours had
succeeded in turning over two miles of the track, burning the ties, and otherwise
destroying the road. They also burned an armory well stocked with unfinished
muskets, sabres, revolvers, &c., and several cotton, flouring and saw mills.
They also surprised a stage coach containing important mail mutter, a Confederate
staff officer and $15,000 in specie.—Nearly 300 mules and horses were
captured on the route, and an equal number of contrabands followed the expedition
RECONNOISANCE NO. 2.
Was composed of cavalry, mounted infantry, and artillery, and had for its object
the destruction of the bridge and trestle work at Rocky Mount, a station on
the same railroad between Goldsboro and Weldon. Our forces encountered considerable
resistance at various points on the road, but succeeded in reaching their destination
and fully accomplishing their mission. The bridge was nearly 700 feet long
and the trestle work 600 feet more; both were completely destroyed. A flouring
mill containing 1,000 bbls. of flour and large quantities of hard bread, an
arsenal well stocked with shells, gunpowder and various munitions of war, together
with vast quantities of cotton were also destroyed. Our forces held Tarboro
for eight hours, destroying while there several gun boats, more mills, and
immense quantities of subsistence and ordnance stores. Our troops had almost
continual fighting throughout the entire route. They were followed and several
times surrounded by the rebels on their return march, but gallantly succeeded
in cutting their way throngh [sic]. A detachment of cavalry emptied 25 rebel
saddles at one volley. Our total loss in killed was 30. Brig.
Gen. Elwood, Potter's chief of staff, commanded our forces.
NORTH CAROLINA AND THE UNION.
It is a rumor here, and one to which considerable credence is given, that Gen.
Foster with the concurrence of the President is entering into negotiations
with Gov. Vance for the return of this State to the Union.
Lieut. J. D. Clark and Sergt. J. J. Castle of Rigg's Battery are now at home
on detached service, to conduct a few of Oneida's conscripts to "Dixie's
Land.'' Lieut. Clark has performed a great deal of active duty since his
return to the battery in October last. He has been with the battery in
various engagements through which it has passed, and has proved himself
every emergency. The Romans will do well to honor the brave. The weather
still continues to be very warm.
D. J. Evans.
The Army in North Carolina.
Newbern, N. C., Aug. 16, 1863.
To the Editor of the Utica Morning herald:
Since I wrote you last nothing has transpired to mar the usual tranquillity
[sic] of this department. Every one seems perfectly determined to keep cool
during this hot weather. A steamer has just arrived, bringing us New York dates
6th inst. We are all awaiting patiently the progress of the draft in the North,
which will fill up our organizations and again place up upon an active basis.
Some of these conscripts from different States are already arriving. The last
steamer brought five hundred drafted men and substitutes for the 5th Rhode
Island artillery, now garrisoning the forts at this place, formerly occupied
by the heavy artillery of Gen. Ledlie's command.
has been excessively hot thus far this month—hotter than usual the natives
tell us. The burning sand that fills the air seems a Sirocco's blast. Crops,
however, are doing very well, and fruit—figs, melons, &c.—are
quite plenty, though they command a very high price. The sanitary condition
of the department is good. We have had but little rain. However, yesterday
we had quite a shower, which "laid" the dust and made the roads fair
for equestrians; and to-day there are indications that we will have another
rain shower. It takes but a few, moments to blow up a storm in this part of
the South, and even now the distant mutterings of thunder that have sounded
all the morning upon our ears as the echoes of cannonading, grow nearer and
more frequent. The tree frogs have also perched themselves upon our trees,
and keep up a continual croaking—a sure indication of a storm, the negroes
say. A slight breeze, too, from the North has come down upon us, as if to remind
us, in the dust and heat of the camp, of the cool, delightful, shady homes
that we have left. How gaily it has caught up our emblazoned banners that have
been all the morning quietly wrapping around the mast heads, as if to bear
them on to the more distant South, where they are going. How beautifully they
flutter now, stretching their starry folds after the Northern wind, pointing
their shadows toward the land they once shaded and guarded in peace and prosperity,
until, disowed and dishonored, its starry folds trampled ignobly in the dust,
it threw its guardian protection over those only who arose in their might to
vindicate its spotless purity. A curse fell upon the South when the shadow
of the American flag cease to hang over it.
has come. The swift, loud tempest is rushing upon us. The heavy, thick clouds
chase the wind, till, bursting, they fall upon us. How the fierce lightning
dazzles and hisses as it glances from one dark pillar of clouds to another.
How the deep thunder peals and crashes above us, then rolls, tolling, muttering
away. And now we experience some of the pleasantness of camp life. The water
seems to perforate every pore of the tent, soaking bed, blankets, and everything
within. We hastily put away our papers, books, et cetera, and shut our desk.
We then proceeded to doff our white camp suit for a uniform more congenial
with the surrounding elements—for the atmosphere has suddenly become
excessively cool. But ere we have donned our ..... the water is streaming
upon us, and we stoically resign ourselves sans white linen, sans boots,
sans everything, to the pleasing and heartfelt employment of taking a shower
bath. But this is not equal to being aroused from a good, sound snooze to
spend the rest of the night as ridge poles to a wet wall tent, as my friend
Ritchie may remember two young soakers being compelled to do about a year
ago, while upon the Peninsula.
The only item of military news is the arrival of Major General Peck at this
place to relieve Brigadier General Palmer. Gen. Peck has not yet assumed command,
but will probably do so soon. His headquarters will be at Newbern, while Gen.
Foster has removed to Fortress Monroe.
Everything is quiet at Washington, Plymouth, and throughout the department.
Yours in the war for the Union,
J. H. H.
NEWPORT NEWS, VA.,
Nov. 20th, 1863.
In consequence of the total inactivity that has all along existed throughout
the entire department of North Carolina, it has been actually impossible for
me to carry on a regular correspondence with the Citizen, much as I would have
liked so to do. But as the phazes [sic] of war have resulted in the transfer
of your humble correspondent to that ever illustrious state, where the most
important and fearfully contested battles of the rebellion have been fought;
and where in all probability, the battles that are forever to decide the fate
of our Republic are to be enacted, he believes that in the future he will have
no cause to complain on inactivity, and consequently will be a more punctual
contributor to your excellent paper. And as a condensed account of our journey
from Newbern to this point, through the heart of an enemy's country, and of
the incidents which annex them.
Many of your readers are doubtless aware that for several months past Gen.
Foster has been assiduously engaged in transferring his tried and veteran troops
from the department of North Carolina to his department of Virginia; and in
obedience to his instructions "to immediately report at Fortress Monroe," the
following regiments and light batteries, which formed part of the command at
Newbern, have reached here to wit: the 81st and 98th New York, the 25th , 27th
and 22d Mass., the 9th New Jersey, the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, two batteries of the
3d N. Y. artillery (Riggs and Howell's) and Belger's R. I. Battery, the whole
comprising one brigade under the command of General Heckman.
For several weeks previous to our departure from North Carolina, Capt. Riggs
had been an inmate of the hospital at Newbern, in consequence of a very severe
attack of fever. On being informed that his battery was to go to Virginia,
the Captain made known his intention to rejoin his command, which caused considerable
enthusiasm among the boys. Orderly Sergant [sic] De Lester proposed three cheers
for our worthy captain, which were given with a will. Three more were given
for our Lieutenants. In acknowledgement the Captain said:
Gentleman, sickness has made for me to be absent from you short time; but to-day
I again resume command of battery H. Gentlemen, we are about to go to Va. I
need not ask you to do your duty as soldiers in every emergency that may result
from this change of departments, for your valorous conduct in the battles through
which you have already passed and the warm reception you have given me this
day, plainly indicates what I may expect from you in the future."
The battery then embarked on board the U. S. transports, and at sunset the
31st day of October, we bid a reluctant adieu to Newbern and the scenes of
two years' experience as soldiers. A short run brought us in view of the spot
where the battle of Newbern was fought, and won by the troops under Burnside
nearly two years ago. The morning of the first found us nearly out of sight
of land, steaming lustily in a Northernly [sic] direction upon the boistrous
[sic] waters of Pamlico sound.
It was full moon when Roanoke Island loomed up in the distance. Formidable
forts and land batteries line the entire shore, which command an excellent
range of the whole breadth of the sound. Burnside spoke an important truth
when he said, that "with Roanoke Island ours, we had the key to all the
waters of North Carolina." It is ours, and the Neuse, the Tar, the Roanoke
and Pasquotank upon the banks and in the valleys of which the cities and riches
of the state are centered, are by reason of this important capture within our
The distance up the Albermarle was made during the latter part of the day,
and as the sun was receding out of sight behind a huge grove of pines, we cast
anchor in the harbor of Elizabeth City. It occupied the whole of the following
day to effect a landing, so we bivoucked [sic] for the night upon the banks
of the Pasquptank, within three miles of the town. The distance from this place
to Portsmouth, Va., forty-five miles, was to be made by land, and early on
the morning of the 3d the line of march was begun. Our whole force now consisted
of the 3d New York cavalry and Rigg's and Belger's batteries. Nothing transpired
to mar our progress during the earlier part of the day, the columns passing
in the meantime through the richest farming region that we had ever beheld.
Much land, however, remained untilled, the evident result of the exit of the
negroes. No forraging [sic] was indulged in, and scarcely a penny's worth was
taken from the inhabitants along the route, who appeared to be a peaceable
and well to do class of planters. But the murderous and cowardly conduct of
their confederates, the guerrillas, who we soon after encountered, utterly
forbade their being possessed of the former quality, which their seeming civility
won for them at first, in passing through a wooded and ruined portion of the
country, these citizens in arms harrassed [sic] us not a little, by firing
upon us from secreted positions behind trees, logs, &c., with no serious
results, however, made as they had a wholesome dread of our artillery, which
occasionally opened upon them, which had the effect to send them "skedadling" through
the woods, and to frighten with its thunder all the women and children within
Their last attempt to spill "Yankee blood" was to fire a tremendous
volley into our rear guard, but in their haste they aimed too high, and the
bullets whistled harmlessly over our heads. A few shots were fired by Rigg's
battery, which effectually put a period to their proceedings, for we saw them
no more. Late in the day we passed over the spot where Gen. Reno fought the
battle of South Mills. The spot were very many of the Hawkin's Zouaves so gallantly
met their death while taking a masked battery of the enemy's, is painfully
visable [sic] in an opening on the left of the main battle ground.
The trees still bear marks of the conflict which raged there more than a year
and a half ago. An hour's further march brought us to the village of South
Mills, and in view of the dismal swamp canal, along which our march was to
The shades of night had enveloped us in an inky darkness ere we entered the
confines of the "Great Dismal Swamp." And silent as the march of
death, did horse and troop wend their weary way, through this vast wilderness
of gnarles old oaks, huge pines and tangled underbrush. As we passed on with
a stillness broken only by the muffled sound of many feet, and the mournful
boohoo of a solitary owl, I could but reflect upon the sad fate of many an
unfortunate slave who to avoid a master's lash had, in these dreary wilds passed
many a long year, "hunting the possum and the coon." A more hospitable
asylum is afforded them now within the Union.
The night was far advanced when we halted, which we finally did at the terminus
of the canal near Deep Creek, after a tramp of 40 miles, which I may boldly
state is the greatest artillery march on record. Here we passed a night of
sweet repose, upon the broad lap of mother earth. Early the following morning
we started for Portsmouth, where we arrived at noon. From this town we embarked
for Fortress Monroe, and from this latter place to our present encampment at
Those having friends in any of the regiments or batteries which compose this
brigade, and are desirous to correspond with them will direct their communications
to Newport News, Va., via Fortress Monroe.
I have extended this letter to a great length already, and as I would not intrude
upon your space I come abruptly to the period, reserving for my next a further
account of this post and its military bearing and surroundings.
Very respectfully yours, &c., D. J. Evans.
DAILY UNION & ADVERTISER
FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 1864.
From up the James River—The Third Cavalry--Warrier [sic] Horses—Cannonading
A Rochester man, an officer in the army at Bermuda Hundreds, has written to
a friend here a couple of letters, from which we have been permitted to make
extracts of such matters as have a local interest. Writing, under date of
May 31st, he says:
On the 29th about half of this army was sent around to York River to reinforce
Grant. This the Rebs knew, and so yesterday they thought to try our works.
The works are chiefly in charge of dismounted cavalry, acting as infantry,
and artillery. I was at the front, and went to the left to call on Lieutenant
Colonel N. P. Pond of the 2d United States colored Cavalry. While there our
fort on the Appotomax [sic] opened fire on a rebel fort, some two miles distant
toward Petersburg. We could look into the rebel fort see the flag at half-mast,
and see their lines of rifle pits. I passed over to the headquarters of General
Kautz, and went in to see him on business. I had a social chat with the gallant
soldier who has so recently led a successful cavalry expedition nearly all
around Richmond, in which our Third Cavalry Regiment took a leading part. The
General is a man about 35 or 40 years of age, a graduate of West Point from
Ohio. He looks like a tough knot of a soldier, is affable, and shows some of
his German characteristics.
Going over to the right wing, half a mile further, I came to the headquarters
of Col. Mix of the Third Cavalry. I saw Lieutenant Colonel Lewis, Captain Stearns,
Lieutenants Putnam and Gregg, and a host of others from Rochester, and was
accepting their hospitalities, (as all Rochester men must,) when the rebel
batteries opened upon us. Every one rushed out, and soon our batteries replied.
Everything was hurly-burly. Officers were flying around, horses were instantly
mounted, men fell into line, filed into the rifle pits, all armed with carbines
of Sharpe's, Spencer's, Burnside's and Henry's patents—a very effective
arm. The firing was very rapid, the shells bursting right over the rebels everywhere.
I had a position within fifty rods of our batteries, but could not see any
particular damage done on either side.
This fight I was pleased to witness. It was gratifying to see how orderly every
man went to his work. Not one showed signs of fear, yet there was anxiety manifested
as every one looked over the parapets while the line of cannon were belching
fire. This turned out to be only an artillery duel. The Rebs did not care to
come within range of our grape, canister, and schrapnel [sic], much less those
wicked little Spencer carbines, which can be fired so fast and with such deadly
effect. Some of the prisoners speak of this arm as the most deadly they have
had to deal with. It can be fired seven times to one of the Springfield rifle
and then may be reloaded in half the time.
From a letter dated Bermuda Hundreds June 5th, we make further extracts:
Although unable to give you any of the startling incidents that so often embellish
the reports for the press, from the battle fields of Virginia, yet there are
little waifs or curious incidents that I find interesting to me which I will
The horse is the most common companion of the soldier and most useful on the
field. He displays his warlike character and military training in such a manner
as to astonish us reasoning mortals. When General Sheridan made his celebrated
cavalry raid from Grant's army, which has been so graphically described in
the northern press, the horse took the burthen of that great movement. Was
it strange that under such a severe ordeal that many horses caved in and when
the General found a resting place of the James River opposite our forces here,
many of the animals had to be handed over to the horses protector the Quarter
Master? Several hundred were so turned over and went into the pen of four or
five acres to allow them to rest and recuperate under proper treatment. Many
showed that their power of endurance had been subjected to the utmost test,
yet they stood upon their feet. They were content to make no more effort than
was necessary to eat and drink, for many days. Gradually they began to show
signs of improvement. An opportunity soon presented itself to show the training
of horses in cavalry science. The Rebels attacked one corps on the left wing
toward Petersburg, about 2 in the morning. The firing was plainly heard at
the corral but did not alarm the uninitiated animals therein, but the cavalry
horses were excited. The firing was rapid and lasted half an hour. After a
few minutes the guards found that the horses were becoming frantic, and it
was evident they wanted a hand in the scrimmage. They ran around the yard as
though something was the matter. The “intelligent contrabands” acting
as guards of these horses, making their nightly rounds could not imagine the
cause of this commotion among the horses. They notified the white men employed
as keepers of the corral, who were lodging in tents nearby. On coming out the
keepers saw the cavalry horses formed in line on one side of the corrall [sic]—then
as the word of command was given they dashed forward, in a charge, on a gallop,
with nostrils distended, noses pointed forward and ears laid back—to
the dismay of the team horses and mules, which gave them the field by getting
out of the was as fast as possible. Unfortunately some could not get out of
the way in time to clear the avalanche, and were rode over and killed. This
was repeated two or three times until at last the high stake and ridered rail
fence was pressed on in one of these charges and gave way, let the animals
into the thousand acre clover and wheat fields, which had been stripped of
fences to build this and other corralls [sic], as well as to furnish fuel for
cooking. The battle at the front soon ceased and these worthy old chargers
settled down into the peaceful occupation of feeding on clover until the keepers
could bring them back again to the enclosure after damages had been repaired.
Peace and quietness prevailed among these horses until the next battle opened
on the night of the 1st inst., when the same restless spirit was manifested
again and they again formed in squadrons and charged over and over again, while
the roar of cannon could be heard three or four miles distant. The keepers
were powerless to control the ardor of the horses. They had to remain idle
spectators and rely upon the fences to keep the animals within bounds.
Another incident was told me yesterday of a horse in a fight that occurred
the day before with Gen. Hinks' division of cavalry over the Appotomox [sic]
river. During the cannonading a horse was shot through the neck by a cannon
shot, while in ranks. The rider dismounted, expecting the horse would fall
and die. The horse dashed up without his rider, and went into line to take
part in the second charge, and fell in line. It is hard to end the existence
of such faithful animals by shooting them, as we do by fifties at a time.
On Friday, the 3d inst., I was over on the left flank that rests on Appotomox
[sic], and visited a short time with our Rochester friends; then went along
the line a mile or over, and came to the 3d N. Y. cavalry, and saw hosts of
friends there. The 3d has perhaps as exposed a position as there is on the
line of earthworks, and I don't think it could be confided to safer hands.
It was my fortune three days before to be with them when the Rebels opened
fire on them, and in less than a minute they showed that they were at home
and ready to receive company. A blaze of fire lined the front of the works,
and a score of cannon belched forth iron hail. Men and officers went promptly
to their work, and defended the ditch before them as though it were “the
last ditch,” in which they would die rather than be conquered.
The way cavalry are now armed they answer wherever they are needed as cavalry,
infantry or artillery.
On Friday evening we could hear the great guns playing rapidly for an hour,
some ten miles off toward Richmond. These we know were the guns of the great,
grand army under the hero of the age, the uncompromising, stubborn Gen. U.
S. Grant. We could see Grant’s left wing from a high signal station on
our right. But we have no connection and the news has to come by Fortress Monroe,
so that you get the news in Rochester before we have it here. We hear many
reports too good to be believed. It is now 36 hours and we have not heard the
results of the fight, the guns of which we heard. It really seems that the
Espy theory of storms is correct. Cannonading is followed by rain storms. Yesterday
it rained at intervals, and it now rains. It does not look as though it were
common here in Virginia to have so much rain. These rains are almost a complete
embargo on travelling [sic] in this clay soil. No trains but ambulances are
fit for transportation unless drawn by four horses or mules, and with the large
number in use the roads seem to have become impassible, and then the engineer
corps comes in with blacks and whites to corduroy. This whole tract of land
is stripped of fences and wood. The wood land is mostly poor pine.
Third N. Y. Cavalry.
The following is a list of casualties in the Third Cavalry at Reams Station.
10 miles from Richmond, June 29th: (1864)
Corp. William H. Connell, missing; Privates Henry A. Vanzile, Henry C. McMullen,
Edward M. Gifford, Eldridge M. Estes, Byron A, Everham, Christopher Whitmore,
Second Lieut. James H. Bailey, killed; Sergt. Abram Roarick, missing; Corporal
Edward H. Crayton, do; Privates Christopher Butterly, Solomon Delome, John
Gray, Wm. B. Madge, Christopher Ray, Lewis D. Reynolds, Andrew J. Thompson,
John Tyrell, do.
Sergt. James A. Coleman, missing; Corporal George Rogers, do; Saddler Seth
Taft, do; Privates Michael Burns, Joseph Finnegan, William Flanders, Dwight
M. Hall, Henry Hume, James Rawley, George Stanley, Carroll Shatt, Wm. F. A1exander,
Privates Jerry P. Barnes, David S. Elliott, Samuel A. Stott, James Thompson,
William H. Gordon, Nelson Lewis—missing.
Sergt. Howard A. Gregory, missing; Corp. Holland Borden, wounded and missing;
Privates Edward Anthony, Otis Brewster, Jerry M. Donuaw, Wm. S. Gordon, Richard
P. Halcott, Benj. F. More, Andrew L. Stickle, Benjamin
Tewksbury—missing; Peter Weber, wounded and missing.
Sergt. John McCarrol, missing; Corp. Wm. H. Atkins, do; Privates Wm. A. Buck,
Wm. Forbes, Timothy Conelly, Samuel Gauley, David Hicks, Simeon Oakley, Philip
Penfold, Edward Waldman—missing.
Private John Maloney, wounded; Privates Harrison H. Barnard, Chas. H. Helmer,
Edward Bremen, Charles Nicholson—missing.
Private Sylvester Pike, killed; Privates John Sutphin, Andrew Collins, Nicholas
Sergt. Wallace Steadman, missing; Sergeant Charles Woolsey, do; Private Theo.
F. Noble, do.
Capt. Samuel C. Pierce, missing; Sergt. Jas. Gimton, do; Privates Wm. H. Moore,
Samuel Hance, Michael Nellis—missing.
Sergt. Josiah Kaylor, privates Wm. A. Bituen, James Bibee, Wm. H. Davis, Francis
Corp. Charles H. Barker, missing; Privates Edward Ebler, wounded and missing;
David Woodmauer, missing ; Peter Lawler, do; John E. Gascoigne, wounded and
missing; Albert M. Barker, do.
In addition to the above the following casualties occurred at Stanton Bridge:
Wm, Hill, Co. K, killed; Lt. Beecher, Co. A, Lt. Starr, Co. M, slightly wounded.
Letter from Co. C, Third Cavalry.
We are permitted to make the following extract from a letter received this
morning by the brother of the officer commanding Co. C, 3d N. Y. Cavalry
on the late raid. The portion of the command in which he was connected was
supposed to have been cut off and captured:
CAMP NEAR BERMUDA HUNDRED,
July 3d, 1864.
I have just returned from a fourteen days' raid along the Danville and Richmond
Railroad, which was totally destroyed. Two divisions of cavalry left here,
General Wilson in command of one and Gen. Kautz in command of the other.—We
had plenty of fighting on our return, and I lost a great many men, and came
very near being all "gobbled up," just before we got to our lines.
Kautz cut his way through after destroying his wagons and artillery. He saved
a part of his division. The squadron to which my company was attached was left
behind to see that the wagons were destroyed. We were cut off from Kautz, and
after quite a fight in which we lost a number of men, we joined Wilson's division
and marched around the enemy, striking the James River at Cobin Point, and
reached the camp yesterday totally used up--both men and horses.
We were bringing in a whole army of negroes, which the rebels re-captured.
I don't know what the loss is in the whole command, but it must have been quite
large. It will take the rebels all summer to repair the damages to the
From the Third Cavalry.
The wife of a member of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry has favored us with the following
extract from a letter received this morning, giving an account of the late
raid by Willson and Kautz:
When I last wrote, I told you that our Division had gone on another extensive
raid. You have probably read in the newspapers a full account of their operations
upon the Danville & Lynchburg Railroad. Their success in the destruction
of the track was complete, but upon their return, they ran into the Rebel Gen.
Ewell's Corps of about 20,000 men, when they were completely surrounded near
the Weldon Railroad. Gen. Kautz, however, succeeded in cutting his way through,
losing all of his artillery—12 pieces,—losing his supply train,
ambulances, &c. The wounded were all captured. He managed to save about
two-thirds of his command. There are left in my (Major Hall's) battallion [sic]
about sixty men. The following officers and men with whom you are acquainted,
were taken prisoners from the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, 1st brigade:
Major N. Hall, believed to be wounded; Capt. Hall, Capt. Pierce, Lieutenant
Sherman Gregg, Co. H; Lieutenant Smith, Co. C; Lieutenant Gibbs, Co. E; one
officer from Co. M; all the officers of Co. G; Lieutenant O'Brien, Co. I.
But three men left of Co. E. Sergeant Woolsey, Steadman, Foster, Dempsey, Kellogg,
Platt, all of Co. I. Bailey of same company, killed, --a shell cutting him
in two. Capt. Jocknick of Co I, was sick and did not go. Our Brigade is completely
used up for a month. Three hundred men and fourteen officers lost out of the
3d N. Y. Two hundred lost from the 5th Pennsylvania; three hundred from the
11th Pennsylvania; one hundred and fifty from the 1st District of Columbia,
all forming the 1st brigade. Major Hall's battallion [sic] had 230 men on the
march, but 50 or 60 returned.
P. S. News has just arrived that Gen. Wilson with his command had reached Fort
Powhattan, about twenty miles down the Janes [sic] river, Gen.
Sheridan opening the way for him. Good-news."
FROM BEFORE PETERSBURG.
Desperate Assault Upon the Rebel Works—The Death of Col. Mix—Chesapeake
Hospital—A South Carolina Regiment Trapped and Taken.
CHESAPEAKE HOSPITAL, VA., June 25. (1864)
ISAAC BUTTS, ESQ.—SIR:—Having been an inmate of this Hospital for
the past five days from the effects of a contusion of the hip by a shell received
on the 15th inst., I thought a few lines might not be uninteresting. On the
southeast side of Petersburg our cavalry division, composed of the 5th and
11th Penn., the 1st District of Columbia and the 3d N. Y. cavalry, under the
command of Gen. Kautz, composed the advance of our force on that day, supported
by Gen. Hincks' division of colored troops and a portion of the 18th army corps.
After several spirited skirmishes with the rebel cavalry and driving them within
the line of their first works, we were ordered to make a demonstration further
on the left. Coming down on the line of the Petersburg and Norfolk RR., we
encountered their outer line of works, distant a full mile. Our artillery (two
pieces only) was immediately placed in position on the edge of a wood and opened
fire, while a detatchment [sic] of carbiners from the 3d N. Y. and 5th Pa.,
under command of Col. S. H. Mix, of the 3d, was ordered to charge the work.
Our whole force numbered less then 200 men, and with this handful as it were,
we were ordered to charge a regular constructed earth work, mounting six guns,
and defended by 300 to 500 infantry. It was a desperate move, yet our boys
marched boldly out, across an open field, when every man stood out in bold
relief. We reached at one time to within a few hundred yards of their works,
but what could such a force do against such odds? Their guns swept every portion
of the field. I never saw or experienced a more terrific fire, and yet we were
kept in this position, swaying back and forth, for nearly two hours, and the
only wonder is that a single man escaped. It was under such a fire that our
lamented Colonel fell, nobly and bravely standing by his men, and setting them
an example worthy of emulation. Col. Mix was not instantly killed on the field,
as has been reported, but after being taken prisoner was conveyed to Petersburg
and there died.
This Hospital is only for the reception of officers, and was formerly used
as a Female Seminary, situated about midway between Fortress Monroe and Hampton.
It is capable of accommodating about 300 patients, and is now filled to overflowing.
This Hospital as well as others in this immediate vicinity is under the superintendence
of Dr. McClellan, U. S. A., who, I believe, is a relative of "little Mac's;" at
any rate he has a family resemblance. The rates of board this institution are
one dollar a day; the bill of fare does not come quite up to the Fifth Avenue
Hotel, yet it is clean and wholesome, interspersed with a good supply of vegetables,
which are obtained fresh from the large and ample vegetable gardens attached
to the Hospital. Cleanliness and neatness are the order of the day, and no
pains are spared by the managers of this institution to further this very essential
object, and especially in an institution of this kind. The sick and wounded
are well supplied with medical attendance, good dressers and faithful nurses.
There was attempt made yesterday on our rifle pits, near the centre, by 414
picked "Johnnies" from the South Carolina regiments; our boys gave
way and retired from the first line merely as a ruse to draw them on; they
took the bait, and came on yelling like so many fiends, as they neared the
second line of pits, our men opened such a scathing fire as killed and wounded
over one-half; when, charging on the rest, they captured the entire party and
not a man escaped. I have this from one of the rebel prisoners, who are at
this moment marching past our Hospital.
Your obedient servant,
JAS. R. CHAMBERLIN,
Captain Co. A, 3d N. Y. Cavalry.
From the Third Cavalry.
Correspondence of the Democrat and American.
CAMP PECK, 3D N. Y. CAVALRY,
February 24th, 1864.
Here we are again in the land of turpentine, cotton and the home of the snuff
dippers. It seems that the 3d Cavalry is fated to the Old North State. The
regiment upon receiving the order at Newport News to break up camp, labored
under many disadvantages, there being nearly two-thirds of the regiment home
on reenlisting furloughs. A large number of horses and regimental property
had to be removed and taken care of by few men. But glad enough to leave the
cold bleak banks of the James river for the salubrious clime of North Carolina,
they worked with a will to load our horses, &c., on transports. The regiment
has arrived safely, and all day yesterday the old "vets" came into
camp from their thirty days' journey home, feeling highly elated with their
visit among their friends. By the next steamer they will all have returned,
for, as the "vets" say, "in for three years or sooner shot."
It will be an encouraging fact for the friends of the old 3d to know, that
within the thirty days furlough at home, the regiment has received some 700
new recruits, mainly by the exertions of the enlisted men, and in a very short
time you can see the 3d on parade, drill or fight 1,000 strong. The 3d has
already been held in high esteem by the different commanders of this department,
and especially with Gen. Foster, as many of his complimentary orders show.
It has equally a bad reputation among the rebels. A deserter from the enemy
remarked that he had often came in contact with the 3d, and at one time they
were acting as infantry (dismounted skirmishers), at another as artillery;
(monntain [sic] howitzers), and still at another as cavalry, when Major Cole
made his famous charge at the battle of Kinston. And by this great efficiency
the 3d has made the reputation which it so richly deserves.
We have not heard of the enemy but in small force since their abortive attempt
to recapture Newbern. But there are many rumors that they intend making another
attack. Gen. Peck, however, holds himself in readiness, and at any time they
feel disposed to renew their operations he will be ready for them.
The regiment is under command of Lieut. Col. Geo. W. Lewis, of Rochester, in
the absence of Col. S. H. Mix, now home on recruiting service. The Colonel
is anxious to get his new recruits to the regiment for the purpose of properly
drilling them for the spring campaign, and we hope the military authorities
of the State of New York will facilitate the matter as much as possible, as
the men are needed now.
The spring has opened here, and planters are planting cotton. A great many
plantations in the possession of the Government, have been leased to parties,
and they are busy putting in the seed.
Does that small element of politicians in the State of New York called the
Copperheads know that North Carolina has two large regiments of Union troops
in the field, and is about raising another, which will be filled in three months?
A member of Gen. Weasel's staff, now at Plymouth, has received permission from
the Secretary of War to raise a cavalry regiment (not black, but white men),
and when this is filled we can raise still another—and all this without
one cent of State bounties. TYPO.
Recruiting for the 3d Cavalry.-- Captains S. C. Pierce, Stearns, Chamberlain,
and Lieut. I. H. Putnam, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, who returned home last week
on recruiting service, have opened a recruiting office at No. 8 Arcade Hall.
The 3d Cavalry has gained an enviable reputation during its term of service,
having participated in many important raids and skirmishes in North Carolina,
where the regiment has been stationed. This regiment is commanded by Col. Mix,
and has an excellent corps of officers, many of whom are well known in this
city. To any one wishing to enter the cavalry service, we think no regiment
offers better inducements than the 3d N. Y. Cavalry.
We are indebted to Sergt. M. L. Scoville, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, at Newbern,
for a copy of the Richmond Daily Examiner, of May 7th. It is poorly printed,
on a half sheet off coarse, brown paper. The leading article is on the Fredericksburg
fight. We copy the following paragraphs:
The depravity of Northern sentiment could not be more forcibly exhibited than
in the expectations which that people had formed from such a mountebank and
braggart as the now beaten and disgraced Joseph Hooker. That he is a man without
faith, truth, honor or any of the distinguishing qualities of a gentleman,
is established by the fact that in the old army he was held in contempt by
his fellow officers who refused to tolerate his society, and that when he was
appointed to the supreme director of the forces at Fredericksburg, men of respectability,
like Sumner and Franklin, retired in disgust from their commands.
Griffin & Co., of this city, sold yesterday at auction, Georgia and South
Carolina flour at $32 to $45 per barrel; new rice 11 to 11 ½ cts. per
pound; old rice, 10c. a pound; salt, 27 to 37c. a pound.
CASUALTIES IN THE THIRD CAVALRY.—We learn by the list of casualties
in this Cavalry regiment, that of the Company from this county,—
Co. B,—Capt. John Ebbs and Corporal W. A. Marshall were severely wounded,
and Private Boyington, slightly, in Kautz's recent raids.
We publish the following order issued from Headquarters, 18th Army Corps, Newbern,
April 29th. Gen. Foster notices in very flattering terms the efficiency and
daring bravery of Co.’s A and E, to the former of which Sergt. M. S.
Scoville and Corp’l S. McNeilly of this village, are attached:—
The General commanding desires to express to the officers and men of the 3d
Regiment N. Y. V. Cavalry, his approbation of their gallant conduct and efficiency
in the various actions and skirmishes in which they have been engaged with
the enemy during the year's service in the Department of North Carolina.
The Regiment will inscribe upon its standard and the several Companies upon
their Guidons the names of battles and skirmishes as previously directed in
The battle flag of the 7th Confederate (Clayburn) Cavalry, which was captured
from the enemy in the gallant charge by a detachment of Companies A and E,
against superior numbers near Little Washington, on the 18th day of April inst.,
is presented to the Regiment as a distinguished mark of the favor and appreciation
in which the gallant services of this command are held. By command of
Maj. Gen. J. G. Foster.
MORE HONORS FOR DELAWARE BOYS.
During the recent Union raid in North Carolina, Major Ferris Jacobs, of this
village, had command of a detachment of the 3d New York Cavalry which was sent
by an untried route to Rocky Mount. Major Jacobs destroyed the railroad bridge
over Tar River, on the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, one of the most important
bridges in the whole South. This structure was over four hundred feet long.
The finest cotton mill in the State, employing over 200 hands, was also destroyed.
This mill was used for the manufacture of rebel army cloth. When the factory
was destroyed, Major Jacobs said to the girls who had been employed in it, "Girls,
I am sorry to throw you out of work, but," pointing to a rich store of
rebel provisions, "go there and help yourselves."—They improved
upon the suggestion. A railroad train of thirty cars, containing ammunition
and a quartermaster's train were also destroyed and a paymaster, with $50,000
in North Carolina and South Carolina notes was captured.—Major Jacobs
then returned to the main body, having marched 90 miles and accomplished all
this destruction in 24 hours.
This is, perhaps, the most brilliant of any of the affairs in which our Delaware
county volunteers have borne a conspicuous part, and the results of the whole
expedition, and especially of this part of which Major Jacobs was in charge,
will doubtless greatly embarrass the rebels, and may even exercise an important
influence upon army operations on a larger scale.—Del. Rep.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—Lieut. Maurice Leyden, Co. B, Third N. Y. Cavalry,
who reached home last week, desires to take back with him fifteen or twenty
recruits for that company, and those desiring to join one of the best cavalry
commands in the service, may find him at the store of Messrs. Stone & Ball,
every day this week, between the hours of nine and three o'clock. The company
is commanded by Capt. Ebbs, of the regular army, who has served under Gens.
Sumner, Cook, Harney and Pleasanton.
Lieut. Edson D. Gardner, of the same regiment, reached home on Saturday evening
on a short leave of absence.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—Lt. John Gregory, of the 3d New York Cavalry at Newbern,
will leave next Tuesday to join his regiment. He went into the service over
two years ago as a corporal and was promoted to a lieutenancy. A short time
since he was mustered out among other supernumerary officers and came home.
He has since received a commission as second lieutenant and is prepared to
take along with him to the regiment any young men who desire to join an excellent
regiment of cavalry. Applications may be made to him at the Arcade House.
We learn by a letter from Geo. Gregg, one of the cavalry company enlisted in
this village last fall, to his wife, that an expedition went from Newbern a
few days since, about 90 miles inland. They had several battles; and the Fulton
company last 14 in killed, wounded and missing. He says that Stephen Lashlie
is wounded, but is recovering; Abiel Laws, wounded in the arm; Henry Rood,
David Wilson, Mr. Thompson, Simeon Church, E. Moshier and Mr. Hubbard, killed;
Henry Breed, missing. Mr. Gregg is unable to give other names.
Another letter, received in town, leaves a doubt as to the death of Mr. Church.
Mr. Gregg says they passed through great hardships and severe battles, but
the victory in every case was on the side of the Union forces.
THIRD N. Y. CAVALRY.--Capt. Aberdine's company is rapidly filling up to the
maximum number. Quite a large number of the "Old Twelfth" have re-enlisted
in this Battery. There is still room for a few more men, and recruits desiring
to enlist in an easy arm of the service had better improve this opportunity.
(Jan. 1, 1864)
The Third Cavalry.--This regiment accompanied Gen. Wilson's recent disastrous
expedition and lost heavily in killed, wounded and prisoners. Co. I, (Capt.
Jocknick's) from this county, suffered severely. Lieut. O'Brien was wounded
and captured; Sergeant Woolsey, and privates Steadman, Foster, Dempsey, Kellogg
and Platt were taken prisoners.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—A private letter from Lieutenant Post, Adjutant of
this regiment, dated Bermuda Hundreds, July 14th, contains matter which will
be read with pleasure by the friends of the 3d Cavalry. He states that the
losses of the regiment in the battle at Reams' Station, June 29th, have been
greatly exaggerated. There are now but two officers missing, viz: Captain Samuel
Pierce of Company K, Rochester, and Lieutenant Bailey of Company B, who it
is feared were killed, as nothing definite was known of them. Of 75 enlisted
men now reported missing, three or four are supposed to be killed, and about
the same number wounded. The regiment has done nothing since it returned from
the raid. The men and horses required rest and are now taking it. It will not
remain idle much longer. The weather is very warm and rain is much needed.
The time of some portions of the regiment expires very soon. Company A was
to have been mustered out last Sunday. Some of the men would return to Rochester.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—This Regiment was out on the last raid through Virginia
under Kautz. The Tribune correspondent writing on Saturday at headquarters
of the Army of the Potomac says:
The Cavalry of the 3d, with whom I have just conversed, present a sorry picture,
weary, dusty and almost worn out men, by twelve days' incessant marching, fighting
and vigils, during which time they have marched 350 miles or perhaps 400 miles.
The loss on this expedition was 1,000 men and the 3d no doubt sustained its
share, but we have no details.
ANOTHER EXPEDITION BX THE THIRD N. Y. CAVALRY.—General Kautz has been
on another raid with a picked command including the 3d New York Cavalry. This
expedition cut the Railroad leading from Richmond to Danville, and did a great
deal of mischief. The 3d N. Y. and 11th Pennsylvania had a fight with rebel
infantry and a few were wounded on both sides. A history of the movement is
given in the Philadelphia Enquirer, with a list of casualties. In the Third
N. Y. are the following:
Wounded--Sergt. Vansken, co. D; sergt. Goring, co. I; corp. Rumble, co. H;
corp. Smith, co E; corp. Bye, co. K; corp. Garson, co. K; corp. Kinney, L;
(I?) private Young, A; Bennig, B; Casart, C; Statt, C; McIntyre, E; Boyce,
Cane, E; Berrac, F; Forbes, F; Thomas, H; Cannon, H; Hance, K; Delcher, C;
Cooper, M; and Lieut. Stahler.
We think the name first given in this list is probably intended for Chas. Van
Schuyver, a printer of this city, who is a lieutenant in company D.
THIRD NEW YORK CAVALRY.—A large number of the officers and men of this
veteran regiment have just returned from Newport News and are now in this State.
About 280 men have re-enlisted and taken furloughs for thirty days. The officers
will engage at once in their several localities recruiting for the regiment.
The regiment is in command of Col. Mix, who is expected here to-day. Lieut.
Colonel Lewis remains at Newport News in command of so much of the regiment
as remains there.
The Third Cavalry was recruited in the summer of 1861, with companies added
in 1862. Co. A. was recruited by Capt. Fitz Simmons here. It is now under command
of Captain Chamberlain, who is in Albany and will be here soon.
Co. C is under command of Capt. Stearns, who is now at Elmira. A considerable
number of the men have returned, as well as those of Co. A.
Co. H was recruited here by Capt. Willson, who has arrived with such of his
men as have re-enlisted.
Co. F was raised in Orleans Co. by Captain Downs, who resigned, and Capt. Richardson
is in command. He has returned with a portion of his men.
Lieut. Beecher, of Medina, Co. A, has returned. Lieut. May, of Co. H., remains
at Newport News. Lieut. Henry S. Joy is here. He holds a commission in Capt.
Pond's company, which has been 18 months in the service. He will attend to
recruiting with other officers of the regiment.
Lieutenant Sherman Greig, who went out in the 13th Regiment at the commencement
of the war, and Lieutenant John Gregory of Captain
Willson's Company, have also arrived here after an absence of some two years.
Major Jacobs of Delaware county also came home with the regiment.
The 3d Cavalry has made a record of which New York State may be proud. It has
done its best service in North Carolina, making Newbern the base of operations.
The papers have been filled from time to time with accounts of the expeditions
of this regiment in raids upon the rebels in the interior of North Carolina.
It is a true and valiant corps, and will find plenty of brave men ready to
fill up its ranks and share with its members whatever may be in store for the
SICK AND WOUNDED.—The U. S. Hospital steamer George Leary arrived at
Washington on Saturday with a number of sick and wounded soldiers from the
front. Among them are the following from this vicinity:
James Larall, 3d N. Y. Cav., Co. H.
E. McHone, 3d N. Y. Cav., Co. E.
J. Hubbard, Co. A, 8th N. Y. Cav.
W. Hibb, Co. L, 22d N. Y. Cav.
Jacob Kueler, Co. G, 22d N. Y. Cav.
A. Peachery, Co. C, 22d N. Y. Cav.
John Suffern, of Sweden, a member of the Third Cavalry accompanied Captain
Pond on his return.
WHAT A ROCHESTER SOLDIER SAYS ABOUT THE DRAFT.—A Rochester Boy in the
3d Cavalry at Newbern, N. C., writes thus pointedly to his father, one of our
leading citizens. "I am glad to learn that the riots have been all quelled,
and I, for one, would like to see the Common Council of Rochester, or any other
set of men who would deprive us of men, be obliged themselves to go into the
ranks. We need men, not money just now. That will come all right after we have
put down this rebellion. There is one thing you may depend upon, we have got
to have a great many more men in Virginia, or else there will be trouble for
us there. Lee will have most of his troops then, and will lose no opportunity
to use them when he can do so to advantage.
The writer of the above is a staunch democrat, but of that sort who love their
country better than their party.
Death of Mascus L. Reynolds.
We are pained to hear of the death of another of our kinsmen in the army of
the Union; but one by one they are falling, giving life, the noblest gift
of God, to their country. Of our friend just gone we have known little since
boyhood, but all we have known speaks in his favor. He was a son of the late
Charles Reynolds of Meredith, but has resided some years in Sandford, Broome
County. His age was about thirty years. We give below a brief letter from
NEWBERN, N. C., July 13th, 1863.
Dear Sir:—Your cousin, Marcus L. Reynolds, of Company E. 3rd N. Y. Cavalry,
died on the 11th inst., in the Regimental Hospital in Newborn, of congestion
of the brain.—He entered the hospital on the 8th. He was, according to
the testimony of his officers, a faithful and efficient soldier. Among his
fellow soldiers he was esteemed for his kind heartedness, which showed itself
in good deeds when any of them were sick.
It was impossible to send the body home, as there is no one hero who can embalm
the remains of those who die.—He is buried in the Cemetery of the Regiment,
with an appropriate tablet marking his resting place.
With great respect, I remain, yours,
EDWARD WALL, Chaplain 3d N. Y. Cav.
To Capt. G. W. REYNOLDS.
MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 1, 1863.
DIRECT FROM NORTH CAROLINA.—Edward McNish, of Van Allen's cavalry, reached
this city direct from Newborn, N. C., on Saturday evening. He has been away
from his home and family twenty-two months. Mr. McN. was well known by many
of our citizens, having been, before the rebellion broke out, in the employ
of Mr. E. J. Foster some nine years. He informs us that the boys from this
county (Captains Moschells, Cole's and Ball's companies,) are generally well,
as is the army generally under Gen. Foster, the popular and brave commander
in that department.—A somewhat singular incident occurred as Mr. McN.
stepped from the cars on his arrival here. His little son, not dreaming of
meeting his father, seeing a man in military dress, inquired of him, what part
of the army he was from? The father, without recognizing his son, replied,
North Carolina. The son then asked if he knew his father there? At this stage,
they mutually recognized each other, and the son was in his father's arms instanter,
and soon after was seen leading his father homeward to greet the wife and other
members of the family, they not anticipating any such happy event. Mr. McN.
returns next week, and will be happy, no doubt, to take any small packages
or letters from friends here to comrades at Newbern and vicinity. He can be
found at No. 56 East Washington street.
Captain Nathan Pond, of the Third New York Cavalry, arrived in town last evening,
direct from Newbern, on leave of absence for a short time. Captain Pond has
done some efficient service with his Cavalry in North Carolina since its arrival.
He reports everything progressing favorably in that quarter.
PERSONAL.—Col. George W. Lewis, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived home from
Newbern yesterday morning, looking none the “worse for wear” for
his late distinguished services in North Carolina. He remains but a few days.
Leiut. Byron W. Gates, of the 3d cavalry, also arrived in town yesterday. He
remained but a few hours, and took the train for Ontario, where his parents
Capt. Stearns, Quartermaster Joy and Sergt. Bent, all of the same Regiment,
The above named officers have orders to report to take charge of conscripts.
Lieuts. Wm. H. Crennell, Quartermaster of the 140th Regiment, has resigned,
upon account of continued ill health. His resignation has been accepted. He
came home Saturday.
Captain Nathan P. Pond, of the Third New York Cavalry, also arrived home last
week, direct from Newbern, on a leave of absence for a short time. Capt. Pond
has done some efficient service with his Cavalry in North Carolina since its
arrival. He reports everything progressing favorably in that quarter.
John Suffern, of Sweden, a member, of the Third Cavalry accompanied Capt Pond
on his return.
PAINFUL ACCIDENT TO A SON OF GENERAL WILLIAMS.—The Newbern correspondence
of the Herald, published elsewhere, states that on Tuesday of last week "Adjutant
George D. Williams of the 3d New York Cavalry, had his left leg broken just
above the ankle joint by his horse slipping on a plank crossing. Adjutant Williams
is a son of Brigadier General John Williams of this city, and a young man of
fine promise, whose untoward accident will cause deep regret among his large
circle of friends here. General W. learns by private letter this morning that
the fracture is a bad one, and that the recovery of the use of the limb will
involve a delay of several months.
Personal.--Our former townsman, Thomas Granniss, the oyster king, was in the
city today. He is on his way west.
Capt. N. P. Pond, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived last evening from Newbern, where
his regiment is stationed, on a short leave of absence.
Lieut. Wickes, of the l08th Regiment, wounded at Gettysburg, arrived at his
home in Brockport yesterday.
Lieut. Chamberlain, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived in town a day or two since,
direct from North Carolina.
FUNERAL OF LIEUT. NOURSE.--The funeral of Lieut. Nourse, 3d N. Y. Cavalry,
will take place this (Thursday) forenoon, at 11 o'clock from the house of Dr.
George Lewis, corner of South Clinton and Court streets.
Capt. J. B. Estes, of the American Express line, of Steamers, has a letter
from his son of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, stating that he is a prisoner at Richmond.
He was captured on the Wilson Raid, after he had crawled as far as he could
toward the Union lines, laboring under a severe attack of rheumatism. He is
HONOR THE BRAVE.—Monroe county has sent many gallant men to the field,
but few whose exploits have been more deservedly applauded then the Veterans
who were lately assigned to the 2d U. S. Colored cavalry from the 3d N. Y.
cavalry. We particularly refer to Col. Cole and Lieut. Col. Pond. The frequent
and honorable mention which marked their career in the 3d cavalry has been
characteristic of their more recent services. The dispatches of yesterday refer
to an advance by the 2d Colored cavalry under the officers named, against the
enemy at Suffolk, "where a severe fight of an hour's duration took place." The
loss of the enemy nearly quadrupled our own.
Personal.--Gen. Butler has appointed Major George W. Cole of the 3d New York
(.....) Cavalry, Inspector of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.
Major Cole is from Syracuse, having gone from that place as Captain of Co.
K in the Third.
ANOTHER SOLDIER ROBBED.—Yesterday Elisha Roberts of Alabama, Gen. Co.,
a discharged soldier of the 3d N. Y. cavalry, was robbed of $100. The matter
was reported to Policemen Van Slyck and McLean who arrested Michael McCarty
and Henry Haley as the authors of the crime, and proceeded to investigate the
affair. They found the belt in which Roberts carried his money, in an outhouse
on the premises of one Maher, on Exchange street. He was in company with the
two men under arrest and says he took but one drink which made him wholly oblivious
to all that subsequently transpired. It is presumed that he was drugged.
McCarty and Haley are well dressed young fellows who have no legitimate avocation,
and are supposed to lie in wait for what may turn up to afford them a chance
to plunder. They belong to a class quite too numerous in this community. Returned
soldiers who have money are the special objects of consideration with these
Personal.—Capt. Chamberlin, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived here from Newbern
last night on thirty day's leave. He left Newbern last Sunday and has been
in North Carolina over a year. He brings a favorable report of the condition
of his regiment, and speaks favorably of the Union cause in North Carolina.
He was with Lieut. Col. Lewis in the great raid made by a detachment of six
hundred men and saw considerable of the interior of the old North State. Lieut.
Col. Lewis is to come home by the next steamer and may be expected daily.
Lieut. Frost, of the 8th Cavalry, arrived here day or two since on a short
furlough. He has been absent almost a year, and comes home rather ill but hopes
to speedily recover and return to his regiment, which has had abundant opportunity
in the past few months to display its ability in the conflict.
Col. Emmerson, of the 151st, Niagara, regiment is in town. He is detailed for
duty at Elmira in connection with the drafted men.
MORE GALLANT OFFICERS SLAIN.—Among the gallant officers reported slain
in the recent assault upon Petersburg are Col. Mix and Maj. Hedges, The loss
of these men will cause much sorrow in a large circle of warm friends, as well
as among the near relatives who are thus bereaved.
Col. Mix was a resident of Scoharie [sic] County, and when the Third Cavalry
was organized he went in a battalion and acted as Lt. Col. He was promoted
to the Colonelcy and had commanded the regiment for a year or more,—our
townsman, George W. Lewis, being Lt. Colonel. As the Third cavalry is regarded
as a Rochester regiment, Colonel Mix has often been here and made many acquaintances.
The Petersburg Express, a rebel paper, refers to the death of Col. Mix, after
describing an assault made on the rebel works which was repulsed with great
lose to both sides. It says:
Among the dead left on the field in front of this battery (Macon Artillery)
was Col. Mix, of New York, who seemed to have been instantly killed by a cannon
shot in the breast."
Col. S. H. Mix in a Fight.
The Tribune correspondent with Butler, under date of May 10 says: The 1st
Cavalry Brigade, commanded by Col. Mix of the 3d New York Cavalry, opened the
fight at Stony Creek. The whole Rebel force there--the Holcomb
Legion, commanded by Major Ziegler of South Carolina--was captured by the 3d,
after a sharp fight of a few hours. Lieut. Mayes and about a dozen of the 3d
were killed. The enemy lost heavily.
Death of Col. Mix.--We are pained to learn that Col. S. H. Mix, of the 3d
N. Y. Cavalry, fell as the head of his Brigade while charging the Rebel works
Petersburg, on the 15th. He was hit in the head. He would not permit his men
to carry him off the field at the time, and his body was therefore left in
the hands of the Rebels. He was a brave and competent officer, and willingly
gave up his life in defence of his Country.
Col. S. H. Mix.
Our friend, Col. Simon H. Mix, of the Third New-York Cavalry, was among the
killed in front of the Rebel entrenchments at Petersburg on the 15th inst.
We hoped, when we first heard of the death, that it was another Col. Mix,
but there seems no longer room for doubt.
Col. Mix was a native, we believe, of Johnstown, Montgomery (now Fulton) County,
and there learned the printing trade under his father, Peter Mix, now and for
many years editor of The Schoharie Patriot. Both father and son were among
the earliest and firmest Republicans, and the latter was in 1860 the Republican
candidate for Congress in that (Mohawk valley) district, but was beaten a few
votes by Chauncey Vibbard, Superintendent of the Central Railroad, which wielded
an immense patronage therein.
At the first reverberation of the cannon around Fort Sumter, young Mix dedicated
himself to the military service of his country. He was largely if not mainly
instrumental in raising the 3d Cavalry, one of the best regiments that ever
left our State, whereof he became at first Major, and rose at length to be
Colonel. It was a regiment of farmers' sons, twelve hundred strong; and Col.
Mix assured us with pride, after it had been many months in service, that no
member of it had ever deserted. He died at its head, charging gallantly the
cohorts of Treason, leaving a wife and son to deplore their great loss, and
to cherish the patriotic virtue that will long enshrine him in the hearts of
thousands of his admiring countrymen.
Death of Col. Mix.
Col. Simon H. Mix, of the Third-New York, who was engaged in Kautz' attack
upon Petersburg, on Tuesday the 15th, fell at the head of his brigade, immediately
in front of the enemy. He was struck in the head by a small piece of shell
or canister. When he fell the fire was exceedingly hot, and, feeling satisfied
that nothing could be accomplished there by cavalry, Gen. KAUTZ had just
ordered a retreat to prevent further sacrifice of life. The men attempted
to carry Col. Mix off the field, but he insisted that they should take care
of themselves and leave him.
As soon as the troops had fallen back to the line of the woods, and were no
longer exposed to the enemy's fire an attempt was made by Dr. Palmer, Surgeon
of the Third New York and Dr. BENNETT, Surgeon of the First New mounted rifles,
to recover the body of Col. Mix. But they were compelled eventually to give
up the enterprise as entirely too hazardous.
Col. Mix was a native of Schoharie county. Like his father, he was a printor
[sic], and was for some time one of the conductors of the Schoharie Patriot.
The Republicans of his District nominated him for Congress in 1860, but he
was defeated by Hon. CHAUNCEY VIBBARD.
Colonel Mix Killed.
The report yesterday proved too true. Col. S. H. Mix, of the Third New York
Cavalry, was killed on the 15th instant, while gallantly leading his men
against the Rebel works in front of Petersburg. His body is said to be in
the hands of the enemy.
The death of Col. Mix is a severe loss to the service. He was a skillful officer,
a good disciplinarian, and a stranger to fear. His whole heart was in the work.
He entered the army at the outbreak of the Rebellion, and remained constantly
in it until the time of his death. He saw much service, was conspicuous in
the cavalry operations in Virginia, in the earlier portion of the war; served
with great distinction under Gen. Burnside, and subsequently under Gen. Foster
in North Carolina; was engaged in some of the most brilliant cavalry raids
of the war; and was more than once commended for his gallantry in a special
order from headquarters.
Col. Mix was a native of Schoharie county. Like his father; he was a printer,
and was for some time one of the conductors of the Schoharie Patriot. He was
a forcible writer, and from an early age took a lively interest in politics.
So high was the estimation in which he was held, that the Republicans of his
District nominated him for Congress in 1860. He made a good run, but his competitor,
Hon. CHAUNCEY VIBBARD, was elected by a small majority.
Col. Mix was a gentleman of fine social qualities. The fascination of his manner
was irresistible. It was impossible to come in contact with him without loving
him. There are thousands of men all over the State upon whom the news of his
death will fall as a personal bereavement. It was his prayer that if he fell,
it might be at the head of his noble regiment, charging upon the foe. His prayer
has been answered. He died gloriously in defence of that flag he loved so well.
And Fame, in awarding her prizes to the Heroes of the war, will bestow no stinted
favor upon Col. Mix.
From the Third Cavalry.
A letter has been received by H. H. Craig, from Sergt. Major O. C. Spoor, of
this regiment giving the particulars of the death of Col. Mix, together with
a list of casualties of the regiment.
In the charge made by the Third and other regiments upon the rebel works, Col.
Mix, commanding the brigade fell mortally wounded. He fell leading his men,
swinging his hat, and crying "come on men!" The fire of the rebel
batteries was so severe, that it was impossible to remove the Col. after we
had withdrawn from the field. Many appeals were made to him to be taken from
the field, to all of which he strongly protested, say, "take care of yourselves,
and I will have an ambulance sent for me."
Mr. S. says in addition to the loss of the Colonel, the loss was singularly
slight. The casualties were as follows:
Capt. Chamberlin, Co A, slightly wounded; Private James Metlab, Co. E, killed.
Privates James Larkin, Co. D, Sergt. L. Moshier, Co. E, private Thos. Cook,
Co. K, Alfred Van Buskirk and Alexander Froman, all slightly wounded.
Corp. Ellis and Sergt. Geo. Cummings, missing.
Mortimer Odell, Co. G, accidently [sic] shot himself through the heart.
The letter was written on the 18th, near Bermuda Hundreds.
The writer says the Charlotte boys are "full blood," and stand the
Col. Simon H. Mix.
HEADQUARTERS 3D N. Y. CAVALRY.
IN THE FIELD,
PETERSBURG, Va., June 18.
Whereas, Col. Simon H. Mix, of the Third New York Cavalry, commanding first
brigade of Gen. Kautz's division, was killed on the 15th inst., while leading
his brigade in a charge on the enemy's earthworks at Petersburg:
Resolved, That in the death of Colonel Mix the nation has lost the services
of a man of distinguishment in civil life, as well as of high position in the
army. He was one of the first of that great multitude of influential citizens
who at the beginning of this Rebellion exchanged the luxuries of home for the
privations and dangers of the field. It was to his instrumentality that the
formation of the Third New York Cavalry was chiefly due; and at the time of
his death he had commanded it over two years.
Resolved, That while the Nation has lost an eminent citizen and a brave soldier,
this regiment has lost a friend, as well as a commander. Very few among those
great men who during this war have become a memory and a name, carried with
them into the army the affection of a larger number, or made more friends while
in it. He was a man of such kindness of heart, of such geniality of disposition,
so highly gifted with all the qualities which give a charm to social intercourse,
that he brought cheerfulness into every circle which he entered.
Resolved, That while lamenting the death of Col. Mix, we recognize the truth
that many of the circumstances of his death were such as a soldier would choose.
He fell in the final charge, at the head of his brigade, at the close of a
day during which he had always been where the fire was hottest; and when that
wave formed of brave men that had rolled up to the Rebel entrenchments fell
back on the utmost limit reached by its ensanguined crest, he was found by
the enemy dead, thus, with so many others, contributing his blood as the cement
of our national institutions.
Resolved, That we offer our tender and respectful sympathy to his relatives
and friends, and especially to his aged parents, who, having watched by his
cradle, are called in God's providence to stand by his grave, and also we offer
our sympathy to his only son.
Resolved, That a copy of the above preamble and resolutions be published in
the New York Tribune, the Albany and Rochester papers, the Schoharie Union,
and the Johnstown Independent.
In behalf of the regiment.
Geo. W. Lewis, Lieut. Col. Com'g.
ISREAL H. PUTNAM, Lieut. and Acting Adjt.
THE SCHOHARIE UNION.
Schoharie, Thursday, June 23, 1864.
Col. Simon H. Mix.
On Monday morning of the present week our village was thrown into the most
painful excitement by the startling announcement in the New York papers, that
Colonel S. H. Mix, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, was killed on Wednesday the 15th
instant, while gallantly leading his brigade against the rebel works before
Petersburg. A subsequent report, however, somewhat relieved our apprehensions
for his fate, for it was stated by a correspondent of the N. Y. Herald that
the Col. was supposed to be severely but not mortally wounded in the head,
and had fallen into the hands of the enemy. Upon this rested all our hopes
for his safety; but to-day our worst fears are realized. Col. Simon Hosack
Mix is dead! We feel ourselves totally incompetent to pronounce an appropriate
eulogy of the character of so noble a man, and do wish, therefore, that the
duty could devolve upon one better fitted for the solomn [sic] office.
It is unnecessary to rehearse elaborately the history of the organization of
the Regiment which it was Col. Mix's pride and honor indeed, to command, for
the 3rd New York Cavalry is so intimately associated with this community that
all know its origin and illustrious career.
On the breaking out of the rebellion, Col. Mix conceived it to be his duty,
alike with other patriots who have given their efforts and lives for the preservation
of the Union, to take part in the great struggle still being waged for the
cause of American Liberty. He entered the army as major of the above named
regiment, in the beginning of the war, but in a short time afterwards was promoted
to the rank of Colonel, in which position he remained up to the time of his
death. He took a high stand in the service, and
having early discovered a skill and courage that commended him conspicuously
to the notice and confidence of his corps and Department commanders, he was
frequently intrusted [sic] with important military missions, in which he always
distinguished himself. After having seen much service in the early Virginia
campaigns, his regiment was transferred to the Department of North Carolina,
where it led for a long time, all the cavalry operations. Subsequently, when
Gen. Peck was assigned to that Department,
Col. Mix was selected as Chief of Cavalry on his Staff, which post he continued
to hold until ordered back to Virginia, when he was placed in
command of a brigade under Gen. Kautz. In speaking of his military standing
and success, the Albany Evening Journal thus remarks:
The death of Col. Mix is a severe loss to the service. He was a skillful officer,
a good disciplinarian, and a stranger to fear. His whole heart was in the work.
He entered the army at the outbreak of the Rebellion, and remained constantly
in it until the time of his death. He saw much service; was conspicuous in
the cavalry operations in Virginia, in the earlier portion of the war; served
with great distinction under General Burnside, and subsequently under General
Foster in North Carolina; was engaged in some of the most brilliant cavalry
raids of the war; and was more than once commended for his gallantry in a special
order from headquarters.
An incident connected with his fall on the battle field, faithfully illustrates
the heroic spirit and self sacrificing devotion by which he was animated.
The Herald's correspondent writes:
The men attempted to carry Colonel Mix off the field, but he insisted that
they should take care of themselves and leave him."
Col. Simon H. Mix, was born on the 24th day of February 1825, in the village
of Johnstown, Montgomery (now Fulton) county, where his father, Peter Mix,
was publishing the Montgomery Republican. On the 1st day of February 1838,
Mr. Mix came to this village and established the Schoharie Patriot, the first
number of which was published on the 13th of that month. His son Simon H. then
thirteen years of age, proved himself so apt and proficient at type setting,
that his services became indespensable [sic] in prosecuting the new enterprise.
It was here the young lad imbibed the spirit of journalism, and it was also
here his career as an editor had its youthful beginning; but it afterwards
extended over a larger field of influence. Some years later, after a temporary
absence from Schoharie, during which he was employed on the N. Y. Tribune,
he returned to this village and succeeded his father, Peter Mix Esq., who survives
his lamented son, in the editorial charge of the Schoharie Patriot, which he
conducted for several years with signal ability. He was a versatile and ready
writer, and possessed a talent, whose fertility and force introduced him favorably
everywhere, to the profession which he adorned. The circumstances of the times
in which he operated in this capacity, necessarily gave his mind a political
direction, and so highly were his qualities estimated by his political associates,
that he was nominated for Congress in 1860. His competitor was Hon. Chauncey
Vibbard of Schenectady, by whom he was defeated by a small majority. Taking
into consideration the elements of opposition with which he had to contend
the canvass was flattering indeed; and it was no fault of the qualifications
and merit of Col. Mix, that he was not made the honored representative of this
district in Congress. The patriotism and loyalty that have since distinguished
him, and the crowning glory of his death at the post of danger and duty; invest
his memory with greater honor than can be bestowed by a government or people.
Socially, Col. Mix was a gentleman of the highest order. It was not necessary
to know him long or intimately to appreciate him. The acquaintance of a day
knew him as well as the friend of years. There was nothing repulsive in his
composition; nothing affected; but it was the commanding influence of his nature
and manners to inspire respect and love, sentiments which went out of his own
heart toward his fellowmen. In this connection we again quote the Evening Journal:
Col. Mix was a gentleman of fine social qualities. The fascination of his manners
was irresistible. It was impossible to come in contact with him without loving
him. There are thousands of men all over the State upon whom the news of his
death will fall as a personal bereavement. It was his prayer that if he fell,
it might be at the head of his noble regiment, charging upon the foe. His prayer
has been answered. He died gloriously in defence of that flag he loved so well.
And Fame, in awarding her prize to the Heroes of the war, will bestow no stinted
favor upon Col. Mix.
We have thus feebly attempted to pay just tribute to the character of one so
dearly beloved. But words are inadequate to express the depth of sorrow and
gloom the sad intelligence of Col. Mix's death has cast upon Schoharie county,
or the exalted admiration and affection in which his virtues and name are cherished.
His remains rest in the soil of Virginia whereon he poured out his lifeblood,
an eloquent sacrifice to the cause of Human Freedom. He died as the hero dies—"With
his back to the field and his feet to the foe."
And to his memory need be erected no marble shaft nor monumented urn, for he
will live forever in the hearts of his countrymen.
Attention Cavalry.--Captain George M. Elliott, late Lieut. 28th N. Y. Vol.
and Lieut. Fred. J. Maxwell, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, have received authorization
papers to recruit a company of Cavalry for Mix's new regiment to be brigaded
with the celebrated 3d N. Y. Cavalry, stationed at Newbern, N. C.; the brigade
to be commanded by Col. Simon H. Mix, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry.—There
are four companies of this Regiment at Newbern, N. C. All of the two year's
men who are mustered out of the service, and re-enlist will receive furlough
for thirty days. Pay, clothing and rations commence from the date of enlistment
or will be forwarded to Newbern, N. C., or to the camp of Instruction, just
as they choose. Two hundred and fifty dollars bounty will be paid to all old
men, and one hundred and seventy-five dollars bounty to all new men who have
never been in the service.
Lieut. Maxwell is a townsman of ours and enlisted as a private soldier in Co.
A, 3d cavalry, two years ago, and by his good conduct and strict attention
to duty, was promoted through the different grades to the rank of 2d Lieut.
He is an experienced cavalry officer, having been fighting the guerillas and
bushwackers of North Carolina, for the last fifteen months. Lieut. Maxwell
will have charge of recruiting for this regiment in this section of the country,
and now is the time to join in the highest and best branch of the service.
An office will be opened here this week.
THE GREAT CAVALRY RAID IN N. CAROLINA.
Correspondence of the Republican Advocate.
NEWBERNE, N. C., July 29, 1863.
Mr. Editor: Having a few leisure moments to spare, I thought I would address
you a few lines in regard to the Old Third New York Cavalry, thinking you would,
perhaps, like to know what we have been doing down here.—However, I dare
say you have heard all the particulars, ere this, of what I am about to write
The Old Third is to-day what she always has been--up and awake. She has proved
herself to be one of the first in the service, and has, probably, made one
of the largest raids of late, of its length of time and for the amount of destruction
of property, that has been made by any cavalry in the service—of which
I will give you a brief description:
On the morning of the 18th inst., an expedition of cavalry was fitted out of
eighteen companies—the Third commanded by Lieut. Col. Lewis, Majors Coles
and Jacobs—and two companies of Mix's new cavalry, three companies of
the 13th N. Y. cavalry, and the North Carolina company; also, two pieces of
the 3d cavalry regimental howitzers; two pieces of the 3d N. Y. artillery;
and Captain Wilson, of the Pioneer Corps, with some fifty colored soldiers
armed with axes, spades, and irons, prepared for destroying railroad track.
FIRST DAY'S ADVANCE.
We started under the command of Brig. Gen. Potter, for a raid up the country,
in the direction of the Wilmington & Weldon railroad, with six days'
cooked rations—three of them on our saddles, and the other three carried
upon pack horses and mules fitted for the purpose.
We were all ready and formed in battalion line, in front of Fort Totten, by
6 o'clock a. m. The sun was shining hot; but before we were all embarked across
the river, (Neuse,) which took the whole forenoon, we got a good, thorough
sprinkling, which wet to the hide. We marched only eighteen miles that afternoon—as
far as Swift Creek bridge—most of the way nothing but swamp. We encamped
there for the night, in the woods and thick bushes, and it was so dark that
all the fiends of the Southern Confederacy could not have found us, even if
they had tried. Here numerous fired were built, and each man made his own coffee,
and ate his own hard case with a relish, too. We laid down on the ground with
nothing but a poncheo, and got a few hours of sleep which was sweet to be remembered.
SECOND DAY'S ADVANCE.
We were up, our horses saddled and fed, as well as ourselves, and all ready
for a start by daylight. We were again on the move for Greenville, frequently
capturing horses and mules, also rebel pickets. About 10 o'clock A. M. we
captured a confederate paymaster with $20,000 in confederate scrip; and at
about 1 o'clock p. m. we charged on a rebel camp six miles from Greenville,
and captured 17 out of 20 of Whitworth's guerillas, killing one. We charged
into Greenville about 3 o'clock p. m., but met with no opposition, there
being only six cavalry pickets there, which we captured. The place was fortified
by a line of breastworks all around the town, which was built since the first
of June last. Greenville is a very nice looking and pleasantly situated little
village.—Its chief and about the only productions are some very pretty
ladies, who were much admired by us all. Ladies are somewhat of a rarity
down here; but secession was stamped on every feature of the birds, especially
when we demanded the keys to the smokehouses and took out the many nice hams,
honey, &c., and the numerous stores which were opened and the contents
destroyed as we liked. All this led them to feel delightful towards the Yankees;
but it couldn't be helped.
From Greenville we marched till midnight, and stopped at Sparta till about
3 o'clock A. M. of next day, when we were divided.
THIRD DAY'S ADVANCE.
Six companies of us, under Maj. Jacobs, went to Rocky Mount, about twenty miles
from Sparta. The remainder of the expedition went to Tarborough, a distance
of eight miles. We arrived at Rocky Mount at 9 o'clock A. M., and charged
into town, capturing a train of cars, a Major, Captain, a Lieutenant, and
a Paymaster with $25,000 in confederate scrip. We burned the cars and depot,
containing a large amount of ....
THE NORTH CAROLINA RAID.
The Great Rail Road Bridge over the Tar River at Rocky Mount Burned. (1863)
FORTRESS MONROE, July 23.
The Richmond Whig says:—
The Federal cavalry raid from Newbern, N. C., reached Rocky Mount, on the line
of the Wilmington and Weldon rail road, on the 20th, and destroyed two miles
of the track. The bridge over the Tar river, one thousand feet long, was burned,
thereby cutting off communication for some weeks.''
The following is from the Petersburg Express of July 24th:—
From passengers who reached here yesterday morning on the train from Weldon,
we gather some particulars of the raid on Rocky Mount, N. C., briefly reported
by us in yesterday's Express. The gang numbered between 400 and 600, and came
up from Washington, N. C. This is the route supposed to have been taken for
Rocky Mount, though about the same distance from Plymouth as Washington. The
roads from the latter point are much the best, though either road would bring
them to Tarboro, about eighteen miles from Rocky Mount, and where, until recently,
the Government has had immense supplies of bacon, corn, &c. The raiders
reached Rocky Mount about 12 o'clock, meeting with no resistance. The small
squad of fifteen or twenty men guarding the bridge over, the Tar river, near
Rocky Mount, of course, did not risk an engagement with such odds, but, we
presume, retired in good order. The Federals immediately proceeded to burn
the depot, destroy the water tanks, and commit acts of Vandalism.
In this vicinity they also burned 5,000 bales of cotton, belonging mostly to
private individuals, and which had accumulated at Rocky Mount, and a squad
repaired to the large cotton factory near by, where they applied the torch,
and the building, with its valuable machinery, was quickly reduced to ashes.
This is really a serious loss to all that portion of the State, as well as
the south side of Virginia.
The regular mail train for Wilmington passed 20 minutes before the arrival
of the raiders, and thus narrowly escaped capture.
The train on the Tarboro branch of the Wilmington road was not as fortunate,
as it was captured by the raiders, and two car loads of ammunition and over
30,000 pounds of bacon were destroyed. They also attempted to destroy the cars
and locomotive, but we understand they only partially succeeded.
The train from Weldon which reached here yesterday afternoon, brought no news
later than the above.
Travel and telegraphic communication between Weldon and Wilmington are now
interrupted, and we can find no one able to inform us when it will be resumed.
A military force sufficiently large to prevent a repetition of the destruction
effected on Monday is now at hand on the road, but unfortunately they are just
in time to be too late.
LATER.—We learn by telegraph from Wilmington that the bridge destroyed
by the raiders spanned Tar river, near Rocky Mount, and was a most substantial
structure, some 300 yards long. The track for a mile or two was torn up and
other damage done, which will take a week or more to repair.
It is understood the raiders have only fallen back to Tarboro. If they are
allowed to remain at Tarboro it will be time thrown away to repair the rail
road, for they will be able to reach it again in a few hours time whenever
they feel disposed. We hope, however, that Gen. Robert Ransom, who is now in
that direction, will quickly clear the invaders out.
Colonel James H. Van Alen, of Van Alen and Mix's cavalry, arrived in Washington
this morning and will take command of his regiment to-morrow. Lieutenant
Colonel Mix, who has been in sole charge of the regiment thus far, will take
command of that portion which has been detached to join General Bank's column.
Capt. George D. Bayard, instructor of cavalry tactics at West Point, has
obtained a leave of absence from the regular army to take the senior majority
in this regiment. Lieutenant John Mix, Second cavalry, has also been detached
and is now adjutant of the regiment.
A portion of Colonel Berdan's regiment of Sharpshooters have arrived, and will
form a part of General Lander's brigade, which will be composed of picked men.
Those who know General Lander can judge what the compositions of his brigade
will be, when it is known that the formation of it is left entirely to his
own selection. (Sept. 1, 1861)
Back to 3rd Cavalry during
the Civil War
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
June 5, 2007