4th Cavalry Regiment
First Regiment, German Cavalry; Dickel's Mounted Rifles; Lincoln Greens
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed.
Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Mustered in: August 10 to November 15, 1861.
Transferred to 9th regiment of cavalry: February 27,1865.
In May, 1861, Major Byron commenced recruiting a body of cavalry known as
the Lincoln Greens; in June, Col. Christian F. Dickel became connected with
it, and July 26, 1861, received authority from the War Department to organize
a regiment of cavalry; he took the Lincoln Greens for a nucleus of his regiment
which was then known as Dickel's Mounted Rifles. The regiment was organized
at New York city; mustered in the service of the United States for three years,
between August 10 and November 15, 1861, and designated by the State authorities
the 4th Regiment of Cavalry. In November, 1861, two companies recruited, respectively,
by Captains Trautwein and de Rosecrantz, for the German Cavalry, a regiment
to recruit which Col. G. A. Moltke received authority from the War Department
August 20, 1861, but which failed of organization, joined this regiment; Captain
Trautwein's company becoming Company H, and Captain de Rosecrantz's company
being transferred to the other companies, principally to Company I. In fall
of 1861, the company recruited by Capt. John McDonnell for the regiment was
consolidated with the other companies. Company K was mustered in the United
States service November 15, 1862; Company L, December, 1862; and Company M,
February 13, 1863. In August, September, October and November, 1864, the men
entitled thereto were discharged, and the recruits and veterans transferred
to Companies F, K, L and M, and retained in the service.
The companies were recruited principally: A, D, E, F, G, I and K at New York
city; B and C at Yonkers; H at Cleveland, Ohio, and New York city; L at New
York city, Brooklyn, Stuyvesant, Kinderhook and Poughkeepsie; . and M at New
York city and Brooklyn. Captain McDonnell's company was recruited at Philadelphia,
Pa.; Captain de Rosecrantz's company at New York city.
The regiment (eight companies) left the State August 29, 1861, and served
in Blenker's Division, Army of the Potomac, from September, 1861; in 5th Corps,
Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; in Mountain Department from April, 1862;
in the Cavalry Brigade of the 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, from June, 1862;
in the Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from
September, 1862; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the
Potomac, from February, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry, Army
of the Potomac, from May, 1863; in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, Cavalry, Army of
the Potomac, from June 14, 1863; and in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry
Corps, Army of the Potomac, from August 12, 1863; with the Army of the Potomac
detached from the Cavalry Corps, in May, 1864; with the Cavalry Corps again
toward end of May, 1864; in the Army of the Shenandoah from October, 1864.
February 27, 1865, the battalion commanded by Maj. Edward Schwartz was transferred
to the 9th N. Y. Volunteer Cavalry, Company F becoming its Company E, the members
of Company K being transferred to Companies B, E, H, M and L, Company L becoming
L, and M Company B, of the same.
While in the service, the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 4 officers, 40 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, 1
officer, 12 enlisted men; died of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 54 enlisted
men; total, 8 officers, 106 enlisted men; aggregate, 114; of whom 1 officer
and 14 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
Battles and Casualties
Table from Phisterer
Monument at Gettysburg
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Comerford, Michael (Commerford). Memoranda of Co. E, 4th New York Cavalry: Memoranda of Co. E, 4th New York Cavalry. 1864
36 pages. Donated by Tony Emanuel.
"The story of a Regiment [Fourth New York state volunteer
cavalry]." United States army and navy journal II (1864/65) 84.
Cesnola, Luigi Palmi di. Ten months in Libby prison,
by Louis Palma di Cesnola, late Colonel 4th N.Y. cavalry, [n. p., 186-]
7 p. 22.
Duganne, Augustine Joseph Hickey. The fighting Quakers,
a true story of the war for our Union, by A. J. H. Duganne, with letters from
the brothers to their mother and a funeral sermon, by Rev. O. B. Frothingham.
By authority of the Bureau of military record. New York: J, P. Robens, 1866.
Historic Blenheim and the Civil War Interpretive Center. Identified Union soldier signatures on the Blenheim Attic and House Walls.
Names: ABEL, Jeremiah, Bugler, Co. C; CRONIN, Daniel, Pvt., Co. C; HART, William, Capt., Co C; HOWELL, James H., Pvt., Co. C; KREPS, William H., Cpl., Co. C; MCCULLOUGH, Robert, Pvt., Co. C; WHEAT, Benjamin D., Pvt., Co. C.
For more information please visit their web site.
Newburger, Alexander. Alexander
Newburger papers, 1864.
Diary (1864 Apr. 27-July 23) describing routine military matters, camp life, drinking and music in the camps, the Spotsylvania, Petersburg, and Wilderness campaigns, and the impressment of African Americans into Union work details.
Original located at the Library of Congress.
Thank you to Robert Moran for the digital copy.
Parnell, William Russell. "Recollections of 1861."
The United Service XIII (1885) 264- 70.
Paine, Edwin B. Letters, 1864
Letters, 1864, of Edwin B. Paine, 4th New York Cavalry, at camp near Washington, D.C., and Smithfield, Virginia, Topics include troop movements, capture of prisoners, picket duty, and battles around Smithfield and Petersburg, Virginia.
Accession 43342. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.
Teigen, Philip M. and Leon Z. Saunders. "'This
Sorrowful War': A Veterinary Surgeon in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign." Veterinary
Heritage V27 N2 (November 2004) 29-34.
Items in the museum collection are in bold.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military
May 23, 2019