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Cortland County, New York
Civil War Newspaper Clippings

 

CITY ITEMS.
SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 1863.
TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES
of the latest dates, will be found in our
columns every morning.
CONCLUSION OF THE DRAFT FOR
THE 23D DISTRICT.
The Draft for the county of Cortland commenced at the Court House yesterday at ten o'clock, and proceeded quietly and steadily until it was finished, at half-past three, with only the interruption of a recess of an hour and a half for dinner. Fewer persons were present than on the two days previous, most of those in attendance being residents of the county to be drafted. There were no exhibitions of anything but the best feeling.—Nearly all the sub-districts of Cortland county consist of more than one town; but the numbers drawn from the different towns of the districts were in about the same proportion. The number of families in Cortland county from which more than one was drawn, was greater than in this county.
Mr. H. H. Sanford, Professor of Languages in Cortland Academy, was one of the elect.
The foreman and three printers from the Gazette & Banner office, and Mr. Samuel G. Adams, Special Agent of the Provost Marshal, were drawn from Cortlandville, and four dentists and two lawyers from Cortland village.
A Methodist clergyman from Homer and a Presbyternian [sic] clergyman from Truxton were drawn.
As usual, railroadmen and telegraphers catch it. The Station Agants [sic] at Jamesville, Apulia and LaFayette, and the operator at Apulia, are called for.

List of Drafted Men.
CORTLAND COUNTY.
Sub-District 28—Scott and Preble.
Quota, 63—Number to be drawn from, 244.
Supervisor Matthew VanHoosen, of Preble, Messrs. Samuel A. Childs, of Scott, Henry B. Van Hoosen and Fredus Howard, of Preble representing the people at the wheel.
Michael Dwyre
Dwight Clark
Geo W Callen
Geo W Cockafair
Deronda Lamphire
Richard Squires
Wm Adams
Geo M Baldwin
Hamilton I Whiting
Albert H Van Hoosen
Tobias Rose
Wm A Niver
Lewis S Terwilliger
Howland P Cummings
Geo Stevens
Geo W Macomber
Francis W Brown
Joseph Pickett
Henry Long
Wm W Salisbury
Seth Hobert
Henry Egberton
Wm S Kellogg
Henry C Baldwin
Thomas Ballard
Porter O Brown
Chas W Green
Epinetus Knapp
Robt P Mitchell
John Gillett
Henry Schell
Amos Moore jr
Chas H Champlin
Welcome E Barber
Hiram Weeks
Wesley H Tully
Chas J Nolton
John Snell
Abram Van Buskirk
Wm S Babcock
Wilbur H Maxon
Adrian Cummings
Horatio M VanBuskirk
Francis A Ferguson
Alvin N Weeks
Geo L Mowry
Henry Haveland
Cornelius Gay
Robt H VanBuskirk
Franklin Kenfield
Henry Sears
Wm B Briggs
Harrison Southwick
Geo F Bacon
Henry A Niver
Norman C Black
James Ready
Daniel A Green
Robt Vandenburg
Joshua M Burdick
Arnold B Weeks
Austin Brown
Chas Tallman

Sub-District 29--Homer.
Quota, 113—Number to be drawn from, 361.
Thomas B. Caller, Geo Murray and Henry Danziger were present, overseeing for the people.
Wm Reiley [single,ag 20]
David S Fletcher
Adam Draiss
Dan T Hopkins
Melvin L Alexander
Robt S Ackland
Duran C Hobart
Ellis R Briggs
D Brainard Corey
Wm R Brown jr
John L Boorum
Wm Johnson
John Reed
John Langford
Chas F Butler
John Gilkerson
Alfred Butler
Lemuel L Bates
Heman H Sanford
James H Lathrop
Chas C Bacon
Chas Eggleston
Joseph Wheeler
Milo D Hayes
John Kentfield
Russell Blanchan
Jas M Eldridge
Chas E Root
Wm B Niles
Chas W Gage
Edwin S Kingsbury
Albert L York
Peter S York
Jas H Wilcox
John Doud
Day E Woodward
Thos C Scudder jr
Edward M Ives
John B Henry
Geo W Lamaroux
Aaron H Price
Jared Chapman
Riley Kentfield
Slocum Wright
Zepheniah S Hicks
John Sticker
Eli H Lord
Luke Coon
Frederick H Goodell
Wm A Shirley
Thos J Ransom jr
Lucius Alvord
John Young
Albertus N Woodard
Edwin H Crampton
Wm H Clark
Geo W Lord
John N Ringer
Thomas Keeling
Lorenzo D Pettis
Albert C Whiston
John Henderson
Joseph Matheson
Delos Saunders
Thomas Fisher
Dolphus S Hopkins
Riley Robinson
Frank McGovren
Geo C Straat
Uri H Patterson
Franklin Stebbins
Wm C Lewis
Elijah J Deronda
Davis Hartness
Gardner R Avery
John B Wilbur
Elijah E Corl
Almon G Newton
James H Dalrymple
Thomas Conway
Levi Rockfeller
Michael Kinney
Joseph Miller
Zachariah C Loomis
Isaac Rindge
Clebron D Palmeter
John Murray
Albert Lewis
Albert B Grover
Lucien D Burnham
Lucius B Ford
Rufus Powers
Francis A Gallup
Henry G Devoe
Andrew Stebbins
A Holton Matson
C DeWitt Carpenter
Sturgis Secard
Patrick Haley
Beverly Gutchess 2d
John Kirk
Geo A Spencer
Calvin P Walrod
Michael Collins
Ebenezer A Perry
Henry S Brockway
Jacob L Moschell
Calvin F Cobb
Chas Signor
H Wilson Blashfield
Joseph W Ainsworth
Wm H Hammond
Lorenzo Gutchess

Sub-District 30—Cortlandville.
Quota, 134—Number to be drawn from, 454.
Supervisor Samuel E. Welsh, Sheriff Frederick Ives and Judge Hiram Crandall were present overseeing the drawing.
Thomas Green
Polemus W Chapel
Franklin Goodyear
John Cowen
Milo Hotchkiss
Jas M Reynolds
Wm J Mills
Burdett Richardson
H Cooley Green
Philo Coles
Rufus H. Graves
Edgar Stedman
John Boland
Edwin Meads
Geo Wadsworth
Henry Judson
Wm Gallagher
A Burdett Sperry
Seneca Mudge
James Terry
Marcus H McGraw
Wm H Alger
Clark E Johnson
Orlando Salisbury
Munroe Frank
H Weaver
Fatsy Garrity
Henry Cummings
Andrew Warrick
Clifton House
Perry Smith
Henry H McGraw
Geo Goodell
Wm Clark
Nathan S Johnson
Erastus C Beach
Henry Brown
David Edwards
Rodolphus Main
Jas W Sturtevant
Edwin Fuller
Andrew Brigg
Thomas Phalen
Clark Edwards
Edward M Greenn
Wm Waters
Benton B Jones
Henry Shirley
Hiram D Corey
Wm Henry Darby
Samuel Rood
Franklin Holyhand
John Tegel
Frank O'Hyatt
Jerry Moriarty
Miles G Hyde
Ezra Eldridge
Benj J Brooks
Franklin D Carpenter
Chas H Jones
Norman Sherman
Chas W Brown
Irvin Greenwood
Chas E Saunders
Chas Barnes
Joseph L Kinney
Patrick Castelle
Thos J Chafee
Henry Russell
Jas L Tottmans
Frederick A Garlick
Timothy Rose
David Danziger
Gilbert Budd
Parley A Hicks
Martin Macumber
Jas K Greenman
John H Kenyon
John Keenan
Geo B Wheeler
John J Taggart
John Parslow
Seymour B Morey
Geo Rider
John Conway
Peter Walrod
Merritt Mott
Schuyler J Rose
James S Squires
Judson Sperry
Alva Burnham
John Stillman
Mortan M Waters
Geo D Pettingill
Patrick Welch
Theodore Malmberg
John Ryan
Thomas Bell
Oliver Berggren
Harvey S Pendleton
Geo R Palmer
Frank Kinney
Hilton R Rowe
Isaac W Alger
Andrew Gallagher
Hiram J Russell
Chas O'Larry
John O'Larry
Horace Perkins
John Scott
Lysander H Utley
J Ammi Todd
Seneca R Fletcher
Edson Scutt
Michael O'Brien
Mason Hatfield
Jerry O'Larry
John D Schemerhorn
James E Tanner
Samuel L Adams
Chas Peckham
Emory Salisbury
Chas A Merrick
Thos Macumber
Abram P Smith
Myron Phelps
Arnold Allen
Orville Haight
Dwight L Boyce
Delevan L Spoor
Nelson P Darling
Orville A Benedict
Barney Keenan
Andrew J Thayer

Sub-District 31—Truxton and Cuyler.
Quota, 62—Number to be drawn from, 336.
Supervisor Silas Blanchard, of Cuyler, and Messrs. John A. Hill and John Pierce, of Truxton, and Lewis Sears, of Cuyler, acted as overseers for the people.
Solomon S Sperry
Henry S Fairbank
James Lillis
Freeman Brooks
Daniel Rowley jr
Wesley Porter
Downs Nodine
DeWitt Culver
Sheldon Angel
Lawrence Galvin
Cyrus A Burdick
Alvin Stilman
LaFayette Seaman
Franklin Rice
Hiram J Bosworth
Henry Ackley
Jacob Peak
Albert Stevens
Reuben R Stewart
John Ripley
Perry P Crane
Wm Wiggins
Henry N Millard
Thomas B__dale
Hiram Whitmarsh
Wm Lavin
Wesley Lee
Chas A Smith
Chauncey L Shaw
Joseph L Albro
Parley Dowd
Benj F Hayes
Michael Galvin
Wm F Briggs
Wm W Norton
John Haneen
Elhanan C Taylor
Patrick Ryan
Joseph Emerson
Jas White
Wilder E Pierce
Morris House
Geo H C Potter
Jared E C G Kibbe
Volney S Vincent
Jas Griffin
Jas H M McKivett
John W Card
Jas A Beattie
Patrick Murphy
Allen F Lee
David Johnson
Wm H Hulbert
Herman R Ainsworth
Solomon Bemis jr
Norman Stewart
Edmund G Jones
Geo N Smith
Eugene Eaton
Chauncey Stevens
David Tweddle              
Geo J Beattie

Sub-District 32—Solon and Taylor.
Quota 60—Number to be drawn from 224.
Luzerne D. Mallory, of Taylor, acted as overseer.
Henry D Totten
Irving W Phelps
Robt E Fish
Orrin Coon
Chas H Fox
DeWitt C Shattuck
Edward C Holden
John Kingsbury
Jas E Wheeler
Lorenzo D Ripley
Benj L Watson
Amos L Baker
Wm Hayes
Wm Gosline
Martin C Wise
Jas Steele
John Bush
Edward Hayes
George Cass
Chas G Orcutt
Henry T Newell
Patrick Caffrey
Wm G Hughes
Dennis H Wentworth
Mason M Henderson
Albert H Jordan
Chas Blodgett
John McKendrick
Wm H Donahue
Calvin L Hathaway
Edward Hanley
Dennis Hanley
Wm H Oliver
Richard W Walker
Ezra Loomis
Wm Ragan
Joseph S Cass
Jas H Atwood
Ephraim M Moore
Leander Brown
Geo H Maybury
Elijah Harvey
Samuel E Hayes
Alfred Raymond
Michael Hailey
Jerome Maybury
Clark Warner
David Wilcox
Leroy Scriven
John J Hickey
Elias Steele
Geo Rawley
Daniel B Taylor
Henderson H Faint
Riley Champlin
Joseph Prim
Moses Way
Ory J Hays
Jerome W Angel
John Brown

Sub-District 33—Cincinatus and Willet.
Quota 57—Number to be drawn from 262.
Supervisor Munroe E. Smith, of Cincinatus, Robt. B. Arnold, of Willet, and Judge Crandall, of Cortland, represented the people at the wheel.
Hiram Wooster
Geo H Hrown
Jas A Dickinson
Wm Ransford
Calvin S Randall
Ishon S Gardner
Luman Jones
Irvin J Delevan
Wm R Jones
Henry W Fish
Edwin Popple
Geo M Harrington
John P Smith
Lysander Fralic
John O Wheeler
Franklin Roby
Dennis Hopkins
David J Ellsworth
Luther O Boyden
Oscar Bartholomew
Ira M Morgan
Miles Borepaugh
Wm B Grant
Niles Williams
Frank French
Ruben Fish
Abner Harrington
Thos M Barry
Samuel Hopkins
Ethan G Locke
Judson Matthews
John Smith
Reuben M Locke
Wm G White
Frank Boyden
Jas E Edwards
Ferrice Johnson
Elihu Sweet
Mortimer Shaw
Elijah E Harkness
Geo O Bowen
Chas H Swan
Sam'l Rooks
Wm H Sharp
Samuel Canfield
Geo W Adams
Stephen Mooney
Manson H Messenger
Wm Perkins
Chas D Bowen
Hiram Brinsmade
Adam H Wiles
Chas N Stowers
Chas H Covey
Chas Fish
Marcellus Landers

Sub-District 34—Marathon and Freetown.
Quota 73—Number to be drawn from 267.
A. A. Carley, C. C. Adams, and R. D. Hused, of Marathon, acted as a committee for the people, to oversee the drawing.
Charles Ford
Lyman Grant
John Shaw
Silas Leroy
Jay E Turner
Ezra C Carter
Edward P Robinson
Lyman B Johnson
Benjamin F Whitford
Lemuel A White
Wm Davern
Alfred White
Giles Secoy
Joseph Youngs
Edward D Parker
Philo Landers
Wm D Leeber
Chester F Nichols
John A McVean
Stephen G Crocker
Josiah Youngs
LeRoy Grant
James Coonradt
Orrin Smith
Geo Peek
Leonard J Watrous
Edgar N Meacham
Burdett Hammond
James Carson
Abram A Chevalier
Lucien Hazen
Marcus Jacobs
Chas H Taylor
Ira L Little
Geo Merrick
Chas L Watrous
Sherman L Wood
Milton Lane
Wm Bean
Levi H Miricle
Calvin Bliss
Orson Davis
Jacob R Freer
Michael Burns
Richard T Husted
Chas Youngs
Wm H Gardner
Oakley J Roe
Horace N Henyen
Daniel Pryor
Joseph W Jacobs
Julius Meeker
Wm H Bunnell
Isaac V Moore
Peter Hendrick
Francis Kimberly
Chas A Potts
Chas Woodruff
Robert H Glover
Joseph Underwood
Lyman Adams
Martin Darling
Duncan G Moore
LaFayette Hoag
Delos C Hamum
Wm Smith
Peter Hilsinger 2d
Ira Seeley
Wells Church
Edward Jones
Chas J Beach
Wm J Holmes

Sub-District 35—Virgil, Harford and Lapeer.
Quota, 96,—Number to be drawn from, 362.
Paige Green, of Virgil; J. C. Pomeroy of Cortland; B. M. House, of Virgil, were present to oversee the drawing.
Patrick Dorman
Jno Turner, Lapeer, 30
Milton M Seaman
Smith McMasters 2d
Ashel Tillotson
Wm Norton
Edward A Crane
Byron Ketchum
Albert Ridley,
Ezra B Tyler,
Henry Scofield
John Shearer jr
Josephus Harris
Hiram Clute
Jonas Bailey
Lyman Hayes
John Minard
John Lathrop
Wm H Moore
Wm T Hulselander
Elmer Champlin
Peter R Terpenny
Ephraim Woodward
Abel Foster
Jas M Oakley
Josiah H Brown
Sylvester Oats
Deforest Baker
Lewis Morton
Warren Nye
Gilbert Parker
Horace Johnson
Edson Johnson
Michael Delany jr
Robert Quail
Riley Hammond
Joseph Smith
Wm Smith
John C House
Wm D Hubbard
James Oats
Ransom Jennings
Henry Boyce
Mortimer Parker
Geo Goodell
Wilneth T Redway 
Henry Homer 
Daniel Ayers
Jeremiah B Clow
George Nye
Nathaniel Heath,
Rufus Tuller
Geo Tyler
Wm Munson
Wallace Parker
Thomas Hial
Alien W Tyler
Cyrus Sherman
Samuel Hutchis
Burden Ayres
Smith Johnson
Samuel Rockwell
Alberts Tarbell
Jefferson Berrian
Henry Bays,
Ivin Palmer
Augustus Rice
Berj Parker
Harrison Heffron
Confucius Parker
Henry Colligan
Aaron Y Chevalier
Perry Hazen
Robert Purvis
Theodore F Thomas
Norman Bailey
David Young
Warren Ensign
Melvin W Diver
Gaylord Bunk
Simon B Seaman
Enoch D Hotchkiss
Alfred T Dickinson
Jerome B Rounds
David Darling
Alonzo Davis
Minor Merrick jr
Clark Harvey
John Bays
Hallet Shepard
Lee Johnson
David C Reed
James Dickinson
Homer J Brown
John Gee
Warren Elliott

Cortland County Items.
SALISBURY, THE MURDERER, SENT TO STATE PRISON FOR LIFE.—It is understood here that Gov. Seymour has so far commuted the sentence of Daniel Salisbury, (who was convicted of the murder of his wife by administering strychnine) as to change the sentence to State Prison for life. Elder Peck, formerly pastor of the First Baptist Church in Cortlandville, and T. D. Wright, Esq., counsel for the prisoner, have by their indefatigable exertions brought about this result. It is also reported that Salisbury, believing his end near, has made a clean breast of the whole matter by confessing his guilt.

PATRIOTISM OF THE CONSCRIPTS.—The conscripts of Cortland county feel jubilant over their chance to show their hands once more for their country. When the news was telegraphed here, the lucky ones formed in line, and the emblems of 1860,—To wit, "lamps, trimmed and burning,"—were again lighted, and in battle array the noble band paraded the streets, amid the strains of martial music, till a late hour. When the last man shall be taken from Cortland county, then the ladies (dear souls) will volunteer, and if fire arms are unattainable, they will wield the broom-stick with such dexterity that Traitors and Copperheads, North and South, will tremble through fear, and "call for the rocks and mountains to fall on them" and shield them from the just indignation of the fair ones.
Cortland, Aug., 26, 1863. REX.

Practical Workings of the Conscription.
The way the Conscript Act fails everywhere in the country, is illustrated in the following letter from Cortland county, in this State:
                                                                        HOMER, Aug. 25, 1863.
Editors Atlas & Argus:
This is one of the strongest Abolition towns in the county. It gives 400 Republican or Abolition majority. The people here are amazingly patriotic, and denounce all who do not bow to their idol—Abolitionism—as 'Copperheads,' and "Traitors," but this patriotism does not consist in giving their services to put down the rebellion which they originated by their radicalism and interference with the affairs of other States. There was required under the Conscript Act, 113 men from this town, which has a population of 4,356. Out of the 113 required, I doubt whether the army will get 10 men.
What a force! The cost to the government, taking this town as a basis, will be not less than $600 a man, for every one they get into the army. This bounty paid by the government with such bounty as might have raised from the towns, or with the same amount that will be paid by individuals to get clear of going to the war, would have given a splendid lot of men to our armies. Who ever heard of such a farce and folly as is being carried out in enforcing the conscript law. Where are the thousands that were to be forth-coming under the law, to fill up our decimated armies?        M.
In one house in the Nineteenth ward, New York, three brothers and a brother-in-law were drafted. Another brother is in the naval service, and another (Col. N. L. Farnham) has given his life to his country. Of the four drafted, two have served three times each with the 7th regiment in the field.
In Chenango county the draft commenced on the 24th in Norwich. The board have assigned days to the several towns, on which aged or infirm parents of two or more sons subject to draft, may exempt one of them. The time during which these applications may be made is extended as far as October 6. Chenango will have all the draft it wants, and in attenuated doses, lasting from August 24 to October 7, and then prolonged ten or fifteen days for notices and exemptions.
Governor Buckingham, of Connecticut, has returned from Washington after a conference with the War Department respecting the application of towns which have furnished a surplus of volunteers to be exempted from the draft.
The department has decided substantially as follows:
"That there was no authority under the law of Congress to deduct the surplus of volunteers which may have been furnished by towns from the quota now ordered by the draft from those towns. That Congress had not authorized an apportionment of men to be drafted from towns, and such an apportionment would be a usurpation of legislative powers, would be acting outside of the provisions of the law, and involve the department in inextricable embarrassment and difficulty, which cannot be attempted."
There is trouble in one of the districts in New York city, growing out of the alleged corruption of one of the enrolling officers. It is said that numerous instances of his having received bribes for dropping names from the enrolling lists have been brought to light, and that charges against him, based upon incontestable evidence have been sent to Washington. This will lead, it is supposed, to a suspension of the draft in the district in which this person has been operating.
Col. Nugent has received the following letter from an individual who is understood to have been drafted. The Republican papers in New York seem to be quite amused with its spelling and indifferent to all else:
NEW YORK, August 26th, 1863.
Sir, an Enrooling [sic] officer got my name in one shop as a married man, a Diffrant [sic] Enroolar [sic] got my name a an un married man. Still another diffrant [sic] Enroolar [sic] got my name at my Residence they have all got the true (number of my house) then there are three Persons in one Notice i [sic] shall not Pay No attention to Such Conscription act.
PATRICK SEBA, New York.

The Draft in New York is finished. The whole number drawn is a little over 19,000 or one in six of the number enrolled of the first class, and one in five of the voters for President—the highest vote ever cast in the city.
It will produce 1000 soldiers. It will cost a million of money. On the subject the N. Y. Atlas says:
"EXPENSIVE RECRUITING —In addition to more than 40,000 soldiers employed in this city and other parts of the country in 'enforcing the draft,' and chasing up conscripts to be manacled and transported to the seat of war, it is estimated that at least 20,000 'officials,' such as Provost Marshals, draft commissioners, physicians clerks and enrolling officers, are now employed by the government, at salaries averaging more than eight times the pay of private soldiers. Indeed, it is a fact that the expense of enforcing the conscription is about equivalent to the pay of an army of 300,000 men. If the money thus disbursed had been offered in bounties for volunteers, there can be no doubt that the effect would have been to secure three times as many men as will be raised by the draft, which has taken as many from the army as it has contributed to its ranks. The draft in this city, for instance, will not probably raise one thousand men, while there can be no doubt, if our citizens had been called upon to furnish volunteers instead, the whole quota would have been raised without difficulty by the payment of bounties which would not have cost half the amount that will be expended in carrying out an obnoxious conscription."
The following fair and liberal offer is made in the Hartford Times of Friday:
BURLINGTON, Ct., Aug. 56th, 1863.
In looking over the paper I find that I am drafted into the service of the United States.—It will be inconvenient for me to attend to that branch of business just at present, and I am, therefore, desirous of procuring the services of some individual as a substitute. Any person who will act as a substitute for me, shall, on being mustered into service, receive the sum of five hundred dollars, provided said substitute shall bring sufficient proof that he is the blackest abolitionist in the town where he resides. I want one of the John Brown style, or one of "Beecher's" fighting Christians. None others need apply.
Yours, Norris W. Bunnell.

In Massachusetts there is a constant struggle to escape from the conscript camps, though the penalty is death. One of the substitutes on Long Island, Boston harbor, appropriated an officer's uniform and made for the water's edge where a fisherman's boat was tied. He told the fisherman in a commanding tone that he must have his boat for an hour to find the bodies of some of his soldiers, promising to pay him well for it. The guard made way for him, supposing him to be an officer of rank, and he ordered three or four substitutes to go with him and assist in his humane object, and put off. He hasn't got back yet. "Good clothes go a great ways." Another substitute changed clothes with a newsboy, and sold papers industriously, until a boat started out for Boston, when he was allowed to leave unmolested.
Thirty firemen were drafted in Schenectady. The fire department held a meeting and resolved to demand of the Common Council the money required to clear their drafted members, and if the demand was not complied with, to notify them to be at the Court House on Wednesday evening, when the engines of the several companies would be delivered up to them and the fire organization of the city disbanded.
The Rochester Union says the late draft in that city took into the net four colored men—One of the number, it is said, is a very poor man, and he did not know what to do. He was told that he must find a substitute to take to the City Committee to obtain a discharge. No one took an interest in his matter, and the poor fellow was in a sorrowful plight. It was useless for a colored man to solicit a white man to go as a substitute for him. If one was obtained, a white man must make the bargain. Finally a neighbor of the colored man, who is called a "copperhead," has taken an interest in his matter, and has, we believe, found a substitute for him, without brokerage.

Report of Dr. Geo. W. Bradford.
Report of the Examining Surgeon for Cortland County, for the examination of persons presenting claims for exemption from Draft into Military service on account of Physical inability.
Examinations were commenced on the 26th of October and closed the 10th day of Nov.
Whole No. examined from the several towns, 998.

From                Whole No.   Exempted.      Not Ex.  
Cincinnatus,                93                    63                    39                               
Cortlandville,  52                    36                    16
Cuyler,                        57                    39                    20
Freetown,                    77                    51                    26
Harford,                      5                     2                     3
Homer,                        160                  116                  44
Lapeer,                        77                    41                    36
Marathon,                    83                    50                    33
Preble,             34                    23                    11
Scott,                           19                    10                    9
Solon,              26                    12                    14
Taylor,             19                    8                     11
Truxton.                      101                  76                    25
Virgil,              182                  95                    47
Willet,             53                    34                    19
Total,                           998                  654                  344

Exemptions were made for the following diseases and disabilities:
Abcesses,
Asthma,                                     3
Bowels, diseases of     44       
Caries of bones,                      28
Debility and general ill           
health,                         50       
Deafness,                                10
Defect in speech,                      3
Defect in vision,                      28
Epilepsy,                                 20
Fistula,                                      4
Heart, diseases of                    45
Hemorrhoids,              31
Hernia,                                    86
Injury of Joints,                       76
Injury of Limbs,                      23
Insane and Demented,            10
Kidneys and Urinary
   organs, diseases of   18       
Lungs & Throat                       81
Paralytic,                                 7
Rheumatism, acute                  5
Rheumatism, chronic  29
Sciatica,                                   8
Skin, diseases of                     2
Spinal, disease & Neu-
    ralgia,                                  18
Stricture of oesophagus            2
Varicose veins & ulcers           15
Varicocele,                                8
Total,                       654

Occupation of those applying for exemptions. 
Blacksmiths,                10
Butchers,                                   3
Carpenters,                              25
Coopers,                                  10
Clerks,                           5
Curriers,                                    2
Dentists,                                    3
Farmers,                                  707
Gunsmiths,                                1
Hotel-keepers,               3       
Lawyers,                                   3
Lumbermen,                              5
Laborers,                                 15
Machinists,                                5
Merchants,                              15
Millers,                                      4
Music Teachers,                        1       
Painters,                                    6
Physicians,                                5
Printers,                                     1
Saddlers,                                   1
Shoemakers.                            12
Taxidermists,                 3       
Tailors,                                      5
Tinsmiths,                                  2
Upholsteerrs [sic],                     2       
Wagon-makers,                         8
Not ascertained                       135
Total,                           998

The number claiming exemption is far greater than is generally supposed. While the towns of Cortlandvile [sic], Harford, Preble, Scott, Solon and Taylor had raised their respective quotas of the requisition made by the government by volunteers, and therefore presented but comparatively few candidates for exemption, notwithstanding their large populations. Still the number of applicants amounts to but two short of 1000. If those towns had furnished as many applicants according to their population, the number in the aggregate would have been much larger. The examinations were intended to be performed without "fear, favor or partiality,'' yet some may have been exempted who should not, and others whose claims were as good, or perhaps better, have been denied. This arose from the short time allowed for the performance of so much and so difficult labor. It was intended to exempt all who would not pass a creditable examination if they were offered as volunteers for the service.
Many amusing scenes and several sore vexations occurred during the examinations, which I have not time at present to state, but which will long be remembered as incidents of human nature pertaining to our earthly pilgrimage.
GEO. W. BRADFORD, M. D.,
Examining Surgeon for Cortland Co.
HOMER, Dec. 2d, 1862.

To the Ladies of Cortland County.
Some of the serverest [sic] and most glorious battle of the war have recently been fought. Our hospitals are filled with our wounded soldiers.—There is an immense deficiency in many of the kinds of hospital stores which are necessary for their comfort and restoration to health. The articles now called for are bedticks, cotton socks and drawers, needle-books, arm-slings (made of pasteboard covered, and with four pieces of tape long enough to pass over the head on each side), bandages, lint, linen, &c., preserved fruit, pickles and groceries. Also any of the hospital supplies which our people have hitherto been accustomed to furnish, will be highly useful. The present destitution of supplies is expected to be greatly increased by impending battles, unless there is an immediate, vigorous and united effort made by the women of our country to provide them.
The Ladies' Aid Societies in every town in the county where they are organized, are earnestly requested to take immediate action.—The loyal women of those towns where such associations are not organized, are requested to take immediate action. The clergy and the churches are solicted [sic] to lend their aid.
The undersigned will forward all packages or articles free of expense to the donors.
In behalf of the Sanitary Commission.
MRS. HENRY S. RANDALL,
Associate Manager S. S.
Cortland Village, July 13, 1863.

The above note comes to us very opportunely. Our victories have been won at the cost of fearful wounds. To stounch [sic] these wounds and so far as possible to ease the attending pain and save the precious life, the aid of our ladies is needed. We trust this call will not be unheard. It addresses itself to the sympathies of our better nature. We look for a liberal response.
Dr. M. GOODYEAR in a note to Hon. H. S. RANDALL says,
"I believe the Sanitary Commission and all its branches have been conducted with the strictest integrity and patriotism, and I see not how our armies would have got along without their constant and energetic assistance. I hope the contributions of our county will be continued in the most vigorous way."

War Meeting!
The citizens of Elmira are requested to meet at the Public Square in front of the Congregational Church, this evening at 8 o'clock, to raise a company of volunteers, to aid in defending the soil of Pennsylvania from the invading army of rebellion. Turn out en masse. Good speakers will be provided.
MANY CITIZENS.
June 30th, 1863.

House Robbery.—The young woman who robbed the house of Mr. J. W. Tefft, of a quantity of clothing on Monday afternoon, has been traced to Utica, and measures taken for her arrest.

U. S. DEPUTY MARSHAL.—Mr. Sylvester House, who was appointed Deputy Marshal at this city by Marshal Dickinson, has been reappointed by Marshal Dodd. Mr. House has received his commission.

Enrollment Commissioner.—Mr. William Andrews, of Homer, Cortland county, has been appointed Commissioner of the Board of Enrollment for the Twenty-third Congressional District, under the Conscription Act.

UNION CONVENTION IN CORTLAND COUNTY—The Union County Committee has called a County Convention to be held at the Court House in the village of Cortland, on Saturday, the 29th day of August, at one o'clock P. M., to send delegates to the State, Judiciary and Senatorial Conventions, and to transact such other business as may properly come before the Convention.

Two REGIMENTS COMING.—Two more of the New England regiments, whose term of service has expired in the South-west, will pass through here on the way home to-day and to-morrow. The 49th Massachusetts regiment, Col. Plunkett, seven hundred and seventeen men,—forty of them sick,—left Buffalo at nine o'clock this forenoon, and will pass here between four and five o'clock this afternoon. They are to receive a collation at Utica, prepared by the citizens.—Their destination is Pittsfield. The 48th Massachusetts regiment is about twenty-four hours behind, and will probably pass through here to-morrow afternoon.

Cortland County Volunteers.
The relatives, friends and other acquaintances of those volunteers who enlisted in the military service of the United States prior to July 2d, '62, from the different towns of Cortland County, are requested to report their names, time of enlistment as near as practicable, regiment enlisted in, term of enlistment, rank, the actual term of service, the north towns of the county to Dr. GEORGE W. BRADFORD of Homer, in the south towns to the undersigned. The reports to the undersigned must invariably be made by writing.
Henry S. Randall.
Chairman of County Military Committee.

 

See also Cortland County in the Civil War

 

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: February 9, 2012
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/counties/civil/counties/cortland.htm

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