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108th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Rochester Regiment

History

Mustered in: August 18, 1862
Mustered out: May 28, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Mr. John W. Williams was authorized July 10, 1862, as Colonel, to recruit this regiment in Monroe county; Col. Oliver H. Palmer succeeded him July 28, 1862; the regiment was recruited and organized at Rochester, where it was mustered in the service of the United States for three years August 16-18, 1862. The men not to be discharged with the regiment were, in May, 1865, transferred to the 59th Infantry.
The regiment left the State August 19, 1862; served in Whipple's Division, Defenses of Washington, D. C, from August, 1862; in 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 6, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 2d Corps, from March, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Charles J. Powers, May 28, 1865, at Bailey's Cross Roads, Va.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 7 officers, 64 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 42 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 90 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 196 enlisted men; aggregate, 205; of whom 18 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Eighth Infantry.—Cols., Oliver H. Palmer, Charles J. Powers; Lieut.-Cols., Charles J. Powers, Francis E. Pierce; Majs., George B. Force, Francis E. Pierce, Harmon S. Hogaboom, William H. Andrews. The 108th regiment was recruited and organized at Rochester, where it was mustered into the U. S. service for three years, Aug. 16-18, 1862. It left the state the following day, and served in the defenses of Washington, until Sept. 6, when it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 3d division (French's), 2nd corps, and engaged in its first battle at Antietam. The new regiment suffered a loss in the battle of 30 killed, 122 wounded and 43 missing. Its next battle was at Fredericksburg, where Gen. Couch commanded the corps, and the regiment again suffered severely, losing 92 in killed, wounded and missing. Its loss at Chancellorsville was 52, Gen. Hancock being in command of the corps and Gen. Alex. Hays the division. At Gettysburg, where the regiment again met with a severe loss on the second and third days, its casualties amounted to 102 killed and wounded. In October it was engaged with some loss at Auburn and Bristoe Station, a 2nd corps affair; was active during the Mine Run campaign at the close of the year, and at the battle of Morton's ford in Feb., 1864. On the reorganization of the Army of the Potomac in March, 1864, the 3d division was consolidated with the 1st and and, the 108th being assigned to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 2nd corps, with which it crossed the Rapidan and engaged in the Wilderness campaign. It lost 52 at the battle of the Wilderness, 53 at Spottsylvania, suffered constant losses in the subsequent battles leading up to Petersburg, and in the battles at the Weldon railroad, Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains, Reams' station, Boyd-ton plank road, Hatcher's run, the final assault on Petersburg, and fought its last battle at Farmville, two days before Lee's surrender. It was mustered out under Col. Powers, May 28, 1865, at Bailey's cross-roads, Va., and the men not then entitled to discharge were transferred to the 59th N. Y. Maj. Force was killed at Antietam, and both Col. Palmer and Col. Powers were promot-ted to the rank of brevet brigadier-general for faithful and meritorious services. The regiment lost during service 9 officers and 106 men killed and mortally wounded; 90 men died of disease and other causes, a total of 205. Among the many brilliant achievements of the regiment, it is related that in the fight at Morton's ford the 108th advanced rapidly and without firing a shot to a stone wall occupied by the enemy, when they delivered a volley and with shouts leaped over the wall and were soon in possession of an important position which virtually decided the contest.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings
This is also available in PDF format. These are large files; however, they are exact images of the pages.
      Pages 1 - 10
      Pages 11 - 13 are blank
      Pages 14 - 23
      Pages 24 - 33
      Pages 34 - 43
      Pages 44 - 53
      Pages 54 - 63
      Pages 64 - 66

Monument at Gettysburg

Unit Roster

Other images in our collection:
NUMBER NAME    
PA.1999.0014.0908 Thomas Arner    
PA.1999.0014.2665 Henry Barons    
PA.1999.0014.2666 Henry Barons    
PA.1999.0014.2670 Charles E. Collins    
PA.2000.0755 William Smith Ely    
PA.1999.0014.0911 George B. Force Front Back
PA.1999.0014.2667 Otho Gash    
PA.2000.0758 William H. Merrell    
PA.1999.0014.2672 John Schonfull, aka John Kern    
PA.1999.0014.2671 Hiram Sherman    
PA.1999.0014.2669 David Stairs    
PA.1999.0014.0910 David B. Tarbox    
PA.1999.0014.0909 Henry F. Tarbox    
PA.1999.0014.2668 Christian Trangott    

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Badger, Alfred Mason. Papers of Alfred Mason Badger,1832-1863.
Diary (1832-1836) documenting Badger's merchant and building contracting businesses in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., and Boston, Mass., and reflecting the growth of the nation's capital (1832-1833); letters from Badger to his family while on a trip in New England (1868); his obituary (1868); genealogies of the Badger family (1635-circa 1949), of the Beck family (1743-circa 1860), and of the Hamden family (1666-circa 1909); and a scrapbook of poems. Also includes Civil War letters from Badger's son, Frank Appleton Badger, 140th New York Volunteers, and from his nephew, Hamlet F. Richardson, 108th New York Volunteers, and photographs of the two soldiers.
50 items. 1 container.
Located at the Library of Congress, http://lccn.loc.gov/mm79011528
Rochester Public Library also has ledger books of Mason.

Burleigh, Hattie. The Hattie Burleigh papers, 1862-1865.
Contains the following type of materials: correspondence. Contains information pertaining to the following war and time period: Civil War -- Eastern Theater, Civil War -- Western Theater. Contains information pertaining to the following military units and organizations: 108th New York Infantry Regiment; 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps; 57th New York Infantry Regiment; Quartermaster, 1st United States Veteran Volunteer Infantry Regiment; 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment; 22nd United States (U.S.) Colored Infantry Regiment. General description of the collection: The Hattie Burleigh papers include a collection of letters sent to civilian Hattie Burleigh in Laconia and East Sanbornton, New Hampshire. Letters describe Petersburg; Grand Review in Washington, D.C. (1865); Lee's surrender; Lincoln's assassination; and personal letters to and from members of Burleigh family in Boston and New Hampshire. Correspondents are Army officers. Letters with Hattie are affectionate. 1 box.
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Byrd, Kenneth. "Pvt. Russell S. Disbrow." 1999
Available online at: http://11arkansas.com/yank/russell_disbrow.htm

Crooks, Terence G.  Rochester's forgotten regiment. 2001. 327 leaves ; 29 cm.

Hallock, Bessie A. Rush in the Early Wars. [S.l. : s.n.], 1962.
Contains the journal of Morris Darrohn of the 108th NY.
Thank you to Terry Crooks for pointing out this resource.

Howard, William F. "The 108th New York Infantry and Its Guidon." Military Collector & Historian. 36 (Spring 1984) 10-12.

Marcotte, Bob. "For 108th New York Men, the effects of a single artillery shell epitomized Frederickburg's horror." America's Civil War. V15 N5 (November, 2002) p. 20.

Marcotte, Bob. "The Civil War battles of Lt. Col. Francis Edwin Pierce, 108th New York Volunteer Infantry." Rochester History 65:2 (Spring 2003) 1-28, ill.

McKelvey, Blake. Rochester in the civil war. Rochester, N.Y.: The Society, 1944.
A history of Rochester's part in the civil war, by Ruth Marsh.--Civil war letters of Samuel S. Partridge of the "Rochester regiment."--George Breck's civil war letters from the "Reynolds battery."--Civil war letters of Francis Edwin Pierce of the 108th New York volunteer infantry.--August Selser's civil war diary; or, Short sketches of campaigns with the Potomac army.--Porter Farley's reminiscences of the 140th regiment, New York volunteer infantry.--List of Rochester historical society members. 9 p. l., 5-266 p. front., plates, ports., map, facsim.

Murray, R.L. Before Their Appointed Time: The History of the 108th New York Volunteers at Antietam. Wolcott, NY: Benedum Books, 2001.

Newton, Arthur G. Parma NY Resident Arthur G. Newton Civil War Letters. [S.l. : Donald A. Stilson, 2009.
Thank you to Terry Crooks for pointing out this resource.

Palmer, Oliver Hazard and Peter L. Garrett, . The Civil War diary of Oliver Hazard Palmer. Santa Monica, CA : Peter Legh Garrett, 1997. 104 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.

 Pellett, John. The John Pellett papers, 1862-1900.
Contains the following types of materials: correspondence, discharge, postcards, pension documents. Contains information pertaining to the following war: Civil War -- Eastern Theater. Contains information pertaining to the following military unit: Company A, 108th New York Infantry Regiment. General description of the collection: The John Pellett papers include enlisted man's letters to family; forced march under Burnside's command to Fredericksburg, November 1862; Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) postcards; property deed, Nebraska, February 1875. 1 box.
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Pierce, Francis Edwin. "Civil war letters of Francis Edwin Pierce of the 108TH New York volunteer infantry." Rochester historical society publications XXII (1944) 150-73.

Porter, Samuel. Porter Family Papers.
"The Porter's older son, Samuel (1843-1881) was eighteen years old at the outbreak of the Civil War. Leaving the University of Rochester, which he had entered in 1859, he joined the army on August 9, 1862 with the rank of Second Lieutenant of Company F, 108th Regiment of New York State Volunteers and emerged from the war with the rank of Brevet Major. He was wounded at the Battle of Antietam, at Gettysburg and at Bristoe Station, and a fourth time during the Battle of the Wilderness. The bulk of his letters to the various members of his immediate family have been kept as a unit in the collection and are of particular interest and value, giving, as the do an almost daily account of the movements of the Company with which Porter was associated, and the conditions under which his men lived and fought, and first hand observations on the war. As such they form a coherent and fairly complete story of one man's experiences in the Civil War. "
Collection located at the University of Rochester.
http://www.lib.rochester.edu/index.cfm?PAGE=1094

Stockton, Mark L. Samuel B.: the life and adventures of Samuel B. Delano (1845-1917). United States: M.L. Stockton, 2003. iv, 73 p. : port. ; 22 cm.

Suss, Christian. "Civil War Papers of Christian Suss." Donated and transcribed by Jim Suss.

United States. Army. New York Volunteers, 108th Regiment. New York Volunteers, 108th Regiment. 1863-1864.
Quarterly ordnance and ordnance stores returns, invoices, muster rolls, and miscellany of Company A, Volunteer Infantry, of which Dwight H. Ostrander was lieutenant and later captain; also, a muster roll and clothing receipt for Company B. .4 cubic ft.
Located at Cornell University.

Wafer, Francis M. and Cheryl A. Wells. A surgeon in the Army of the Potomac. Montréal ; Ithaca : McGill-Queen's University Press,2008. xliv, 225 p. : ill., ports. ; 24 cm.

Washburn, George H. A complete military history and record of the 108th regiment N.Y. vols., from 1862 to 1894, together with roster, letters, Rebel oaths of allegiance, Rebel passes, reminiscences, life sketches, photographs, etc. Rochester: [Press of E. R. Andrews], 1894.

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: August 1, 2012
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/108thInf/108thInfMain.htm

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