10th Infantry Regiment
National Guard Zouaves; McChesney Zouaves
Mustered in: November 23,1861.
Mustered out: June 27, 1865
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. Waters W. McChesney, was accepted and
designated by the State May 15, 1861. It was organized in New York city, and
the companies were
mustered in the service of the United States for two years: A and B, April 27;
C, D, E, F, G and H, April 30; I and K, May 2 and 7, 1861, respectively. At
expiration of its term of service the three years' men were formed into a battalion
of four companies - A, B, C and D-under Maj. George F. Harper, and May 7, 1863,
the regiment, under Col. John E. Bendix, was honorably discharged and mustered
out at New York city, while the battalion continued in service. Companies E
F, mustered in the United States service for three years, joined the battalion
in April, 1864. June 15, 1865, Companies Land M, 8th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery,
became, by transfer, Companies H and G of the battalion, a Company I was formed
of the men of Companies B, C and E, and a Company K of the men of Companies
D and F, 8th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery, not mustered out with their regiment;
a few of the men of these last six companies were also transferred to the original
six companies of the battalion. June 20, 1865, Company F received, by transfer,
15 men of the 16th N. Y. Volunteer Cavalry.
The companies were recruited principally:
A- the original National Guard Zouaves
-I and K at New York city; B in Troy; C-the Volunteer State Zouaves-D, E, G and
H in New York city; F-Morgan State Zouaves-in Brooklyn; second Companies E
F in New York city.
The regiment left the State, June 6, 1861, and served at and
near Fort Monroe, Va., from June 7, 1861; at Norfolk, Va., 7th Corps, from
May, 1862; in the 3d
Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from June 7, 1862; in the
3d Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, from September 24, 1862; as Provost Guard
General Sumner's Grand Division, Army of the Potomac, from December 7, 1862;
in 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from December 26,
the battalion as Provost Guard, 3d Division, 2d Corps, from April 27, 1863; with
2d Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, from June, 1863; and in the 3d Brigade,
Division, 2d Corps, from March, 1864. The regiment, commanded by Col. Joel B.
Baker, was honorably discharged and mustered out, June 30, 1865, at Munson's
During its service it lost by death, killed in action, 4 officers, 77 enlisted
men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 47 enlisted men; of disease and
other causes, 3 officers, 86 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 210 enlisted men;
The following is taken from The Union army: a
history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of
the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of
commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.
Infantry.—Cols., Walter W. McChesney, John E. Bendix, Joseph Yeamans,
George F. Hopper; Lieut.-Cols., Alexander B. Elder, John W. Marshall, George
F. Hopper, Anthony L. Woods; Majs., John W. Marshall, John Missing, George
F. Hopper, Anthony L. Woods, Charles W. Cowtan. The l0th, the National Zouaves,
was recruited in New York city and Brooklyn and mustered into the U. S. service,
April 27 and 30 and May 2 and 7, 1861, for two years. From Sandy Hook, where
it was encamped, the regiment embarked for Fortress Monroe on June 5, and was
ordered to join the reserve during the battle of Big Bethel. Headquarters were
established at Camp Hamilton, near Fortress Monroe, and here the regiment was
stationed until the opening of the campaign on the Peninsula the following
year. In May, 1862, the l0th moved to Norfolk and Portsmouth and on June 7,
was attached to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 5th corps, which it joined at
Bottom's bridge on the Chickahominy. It was active in the Seven Days' battles,
encamped at Harrison's Landing until late in August, when it returned to Newport
News, whence it was ordered to Manassas and fought bravely in the second Bull
Run, losing 115 men in killed, wounded and missing. At South mountain and Antietam,
it was held in reserve; was in action at Shepherdstown, after which it was
assigned to the 3d brigade, 3d division, 2nd corps, with which it fought at
Fredericksburg, where almost one-half of the members of the regiment who went
into action were killed, wounded or missing. A portion of the winter was spent
in the performance of guard duty at headquarters and the original two years
members not reenlisted were mustered out at New York on May 7, 1863. The remainder
of the regiment was consolidated into a battalion of four companies, to which
were later added two companies of new recruits and the veterans of the 8th
N. Y. artillery. The battalion was made provost guard of the 3d division, 2nd
corps and in March, 1864, was attached to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 2nd
corps. It was active at the Wilderness, where the loss was 95 members, at Spottsylvania,
Laurel hill, the North Anna river, Totopotomy and Cold Harbor. It then served
during the long siege of Petersburg, being engaged in the early assaults on
the works there, at the Weldon railroad, Deep Bottom, Strawberry plains, Reams'
station, the Boydton road, Hatcher's run. White Oak road, and in the final
assault on the fortifications, April 2, 1865. In the pursuit which followed
the evacuation, the l0th was in line with its brigade and performed guard duty
near Richmond until the welcome orders to return home. The 10th was mustered
out at Munson's hill, Va., June 30, 1865. During its term of service, it lost
130 by death from wounds and 89 by death from accident, imprisonment or disease.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
Monument at Gettysburg
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Infantry Battle Flag
Other images in our collection:
||Bexdix, John E. Col.
||10th NY Inf
||Elder, Alexander B., Ltc.
||10th NY Inf
||Hopper, George F. Col.
||10th NY Inf
||Howard, Luna, Pvt.
||10th NY Inf, Co C
||Tierney, Henry, Pvt.
||10th NY Inf, Co A
CDV is explained here
Tierney, Henry CDV
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Baker, Joel B. and Naomi B. Baker. Letters home, Joel B. Baker : a collection of "letters home" from the Civil War written by Colonel Joel B. Baker and compiled by his great-grandaughter, Naomi B. Baker. [Delevan, NY: N.B. Baker]; Lockport, NY: C.W. Baker Agency [distributor], 1996.
Civil War Military Service Record of Rufus Farnsworth
of New York.
Description: 9 sheets ; 23 x 35 cm.
Abstract: Includes: Military Service Record of Lieut., Rufus Farnsworth, Co.
F. 10th N.Y. Inf.; War Department Record and Pension Division no. 443,727 dated
June 14, 1891; Genearl Affidavit; Affidavit that the Claimant has not Remarried,
and that She is without other Means of Support than Her Daily Labor; Declaration
of Widows Pension; Secondary Proof of Marriage; Office of the Department of
Health, a Transcript from the Record of Deaths in the City of Brooklyn (WC298-786).
Located at Sons of Revolution, State of
Cowtan, Charles W. Services of the Tenth New York volunteers
(National zouaves) in the War of the rebellion, by Charles W. Cowtan, late
Adjutant of the Regiment. . . . New York, Charles H. Ludwig, 1882. 459, ( 1) p.
front. (illus.), plates (5 maps, 3 fold.).
Available online at:
Thank you to Bill Burgess for pointing out that this book is online.
Hopper, George. The George Hopper papers,
Description: 1 box.
Abstract: Contains the following types of materials: correspondence, and clippings.
Contains information pertaining to the following war and time period: Civil
War. Contains information pertaining to the following military unit and organization:
10th New York Volunteers. General description of the collection: The Alfred
K. Schroeder papers contain chiefly his letters written mainly to his uncle
and letters received from other family members. It also contains the casualty
list of the 10th New York Volunteers and pre-war letters describing the secession
Located at the US Army Military History Institute.
McAfee, Michael J. "10th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment ('National Zouaves'), 1861-1865." Military Collector & Historian. 29 :4 (Winter 1977) 179-181.
Poor, Walter S. Correspondence, 1861 Apr.-1865 Sep.
Description: 1 box (98 items)
Abstract: Letters sent, 1861 Apr.-1865 Sep., by Union soldier Walter Stone
Poor to his sister, Mary S. Poor, and his friend (later, brother-in-law), George
W. Fox, secretary of the American Unitarian Association, Boston. Poor writes
of his experiences and sentiments while serving with the 10th New York Volunteers
in Virginia, then as an officer with 1st New York Mounted Rifles, his opinions
and abolitionist convictions, his views on the performance of army officals
and his fellow soldiers, engagements with the enemy, life in the army, taking
of prisoners, etc.; as well as personal matters and family affairs. In addition
to the original letters, the Society has photocoppies of typed transcipts of
the Poor correspondence.
Located at the New York Historical Society.
There is a photo of Walter Stone Poor at Bowdin College in Maine.
Twenty-fifth anniversary of the muster into the service
of the United States of the Tenth Regiment of New York Volunteer Infantry
Zouaves). New York: C.H. Ludwig, Printer, 1886.
Waud, Alfred R. Warrens Brigade overpowered by Longstreets
Description: 1 drawing on green paper : pencil and Chinese white ; 15.3 x 33.2
Located online at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g09832 [link
opens new window].
Items in the museum collection are in bold.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military
March 3, 2014