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114th Infantry Regiment
Civil War

History

Mustered in: September 3, 1862
Mustered out: June 8, 1865.

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
July 21, 1862, Mr. Elisha B. Smith, of Chenango, was appointed Colonel and authorized to recruit this regiment in the counties of Chenango, Cortland and Madison, with headquarters at Norwich, where the regiment was organized, and, September 3, 1862, mustered in the service of the United States for three years. The men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred, June 3, 1865, to the 90th Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A and H at Oxford; B and C at Norwich ; D at Eaton and Lebanon; E at Greene; F at Sherburne and New Berlin; G at Hamilton and Brookfield; I at Otselic; and K at Cazenovia; and a few men were enlisted in Cortland county.
The regiment left the State September 8, 1862; it served at and near Baltimore, Md., in 8th Corps, from September 9, 1862; at Newport News, Norfolk and Fort Monroe, Va., 7th Corps, from November 9, 1862; sailed in Banks' Louisiana forces from December 4, 1862; served in 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from January, 1863, but mostly detached from it at Brashear City, New Iberia, Opelousas and Berwick City, La.; before Port Hudson, La., with its brigade from May 31, 1863; in the Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from August, 1863; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from September, 1863; in 1st Brigade, same division and corps, from February, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Samuel R. Per Lee, June 8, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 4 officers, 64 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 5 officers, 50 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 168 enlisted men; total, 11 officers, 282 enlisted men; aggregate, 293; of whom 8 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Fourteenth Infantry.—Cols., Elisha B. Smith, Samuel R. Per Lee; Lieut.-Cols., Samuel R. Per Lee, Henry B. Morse; Majs., Henry B. Morse, Oscar H. Curtiss. Seven companies of this regiment were recruited in Chenango county and three in Madison. They rendezvoused at Norwich, where the regiment was organized, and mustered into the U. S. service for three years, Sept. 3, 1862. Three days later it started for the front, moving to Binghamton by canal boats, and proceeding thence to Baltimore. In November it sailed for New Orleans as part of Banks' expedition, and on its arrival there was assigned to Weitzel's (2nd) brigade, Augur's (1st) division, 19th corps. It was stationed for a time at Brashear City and neighboring points, and was first engaged at Fort Bisland, where it had 11 men wounded, 3 mortally. It did not participate in the Bayou Teche campaign, but joined its corps before Port Hudson, May 30, 1863, where it was actively engaged for 40 days in the siege and suffered severely in the grand assault of June 14. The loss of the regiment during the siege was 73 in killed, wounded and missing. In March, 1864, in Dwight's (1st) brigade, Emory's (1st) division, 19th corps, it moved on Banks' Red River campaign, engaging at Sabine cross-roads, where Lieut.-Col. Morse, commanding the regiment, was wounded, at Pleasant Hill, Cane river crossing and Mansura. On July 15, it embarked for Washington, the corps having been ordered to Virginia. On its arrival, it marched through Maryland, and then joined in Sheridan's famous Shenandoah campaign against Early. The regiment fought with the utmost gallantry at the battle of the Opequan, where it was subjected to a murderous fire, losing 188 killed and wounded, or three-fifths of those engaged, and being complimented for gallantry by the division-general. It was present at Fisher's hill and Woodstock, and again showed its splendid fighting qualities at Cedar creek, with a loss of 21 killed, 86 wounded, and 8 missing. Col. Per Lee was among the wounded at the Opequan, and was promoted for gallantry to brevet brigadier-general. The regiment was mustered out, under Col. Per Lee, June 8, 1865, at Bladensburgh, Md. Its total enrollment during service was 1,134, of whom 9 officers and 114 men were killed and mortally wounded; 2 officers and 192 men died of disease and other causes; total deaths 317. Its loss in killed and wounded was 422, or 10.6 per cent. Its proud record entitles it to rank among the three hundred fighting regiments of the war.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings
This is also available in PDF format. These are large files; however, they are exact images of the pages.
      Pages 1 - 10
      Pages 11 - 20
      Pages 21 - 30
      Pages 31 - 40
      Pages 41 - 51
      Pages 51 - 54

114th Regiment NY Volunteer Infantry National Color 114th Regiment NY Volunteer Infantry National Color

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Beecher, Harris H. Record of the 114th regiment, N.Y.S.V. Where it went, what it saw, and what it did, by Dr. Harris H. Beecher, late Assistant-surgeon. Norwich: J. F. Hubbard, Jr., 1866.

Betts, Ephraim . Betts (Ephraim) Diaries.
Finding aid available online at: http://www.lib.lsu.edu/special/findaid/b3433.html

Brand family. Brand family papers,1862-1944.
Box 1. 12 folders with letterheads of Saginaw businesses (A-M) -- Box 2. 9 folders with letterheads of Saginaw businesses (N-Z) -- Box 3. 8 folders of letters written during the Civil War, business correspondence, Civil War pension certificate, driver's license, Battle Creek Sanitarium receipts, autograph books, miscellaneous papers, business correspondence and membership cards, Red Cross correspondence, song book, diaries and ledgers -- Box 4. 1 folder with papers related to livestock, ledger of farm lands, plat book of Clare County, account book, private herd register -- Box 5. 6 folders with family letters -- Box 6. 7 folders with business papers and correspondence, tax receipts, personal documents, land holdings -- Box 7. Miscellaneous address books, cash journals and theater scrapbook -- Box 8. Miscellaneous unidentified photographs -- Box 9. Miscellaneous identified photographs -- Box 10. Marriage certificate of J.F. Brand and Emily P. Hardin. 4.5 linear ft.
Located at the Public Library of Saginaw.

Curtis, Oscar H. Proceedings of the twenty-sixth annual reunion of the 114th N.Y. regimental association and dedicatory services at Winchester, Va., October 19, 1898, with a roster Of the surviving members of the 114th regiment. Compiled by O. H. Curtis. Washington: Conwell print, 1899.

Davis, Nora.  Letter, 1864 January 7.
A letter from Nora Davis, New Woodstock, New York, to her brother Spencer, 114th New York Infantry, Company K, concerning family and friends. Spencer Davis later became the president of Monitor Drill Company and settled in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1891. 3 pages.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Dunton, Samuel. Index of letters from Samuel S. Dunton to his family while in the 114th New York Infantry during the North American Conflict of 1861-1865 ("Civil War").
Finding aid available online at: http://home.pacbell.net/dunton/SSDletters.html

Edwards, Owen. (Transcribed by Donna Davis.)Co D, 114th, diary 1864,
Located at the Handley Regional Archives, Winchester, Virginia.

James Franklin. Fitts letters, 1861-1864.
These are letters written home by Captain Fitts of company F, 114th N.Y. describing his life in the army and the battles of Winchester, Fishers Hill and Cedar Creek.
Located at the Milne Special Collections, University of New Hampshire Library.

Fitts, James Franklin. "Days with the knapsack." Galaxy 2:5 (November 1866) 405-12.
Online version available at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Fitts, James Franklin. "Dirge for the Fallen." Harper's Weekly 31:181 (June, 1865)

Fitts, James Franklin. "Facetiae of the war." Galaxy 6:3 (September 1868) 320-7.
Online version available at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Fitts, James Franklin. "The Fight at Fisher's Hill." Galaxy. 5:4 (April 1868) 427-437.
Online version available at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Fitts, James Franklin. "In the enemy's lines [Lieut. Dennis Thompson at the battle of Cedar creek]." Galaxy 4:6 (October 1866) 700-09.
Online version available at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Fitts, James Franklin. "In the ranks at Cedar creek." Galaxy 1 6 (July 1866) 534-43.
Online version available at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Fitts, James Franklin. "The Leadsman Song" Harper's Weekly 28:164 (Jan. 1864).

Fitts, James Franklin. "A June day at Port Hudson." Galaxy II 2:2 (September 1866) 121-31.
Online version available at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Fitts, James Franklin. "The last battle of Winchester." Galaxy 2:4 (October 1866) 322-32.
Online version available at http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Fitts, James Franklin. "Mosby and his men." Galaxy 2:6 (November 1866) 643-51.

Fitts, J. Franklin (James Franklin) "The negro in blue." Galaxy. 3:3 (February 1866) 249-256.

Fitts, J. Franklin (James Franklin) "Saved by a bullet." Galaxy 6:2 (August 1868) 188-205.

Fitts, James Franklin. "The story of a mutiny." Galaxy X (1870) 224-8.

Fitts, James Franklin. "Three years" Harper's Weekly 29:170 (July, 1864)

Fitts, James F. "Two pictures from the War." Harper's Weekly

Fuller, William Arnold.  Letters (transcripts), 1862-1864.
A group of letters relating to Fuller's military service during the Civil War. They contain many details of his soldiering experiences as well as the battles and skirmishes in Louisiana where his company was engaged militarily.
15 items.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Greenhagen, Sue (ed.) 114th New York State Volunteer Infantry: A Regimental Archive.
Available online at:
http://library.morrisville.edu/local_history/sites/114th/

Hamlin, Adoniram J. and Savage, C. A. The Adoniram J. Hamlin collection, 1862-1865.
Collection consists of 8 letters and 1 poem.. The letters range in date from September 27, 1862 to January 30, 1865. The poem is about the Battle of Fisher's Hill, and was likely written by Charles A. Savage, Co. K., 8th Indiana Volunteer Infantry.
9 items (315 cubic in.).
Located at State University of New York at Binghamton.

Hardaway, Cyrus. The Civil War Letters of Cyrus J. Hardaway.
Finding aid available at:
http://external.oneonta.edu/unadilla/civil_war_letters/letters/.

Holmes, Asa. Civil War letters, 1863 June 16-17.
2 items.
Located at Pearce Civil War Collection, Navarro College, Corsicana, Texas.

Katcher, Philip R. N. "Eli Nichols, Private, 114th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment/Veteran Reserve Corps." Lincoln's unsung heroes. New York: Sterling Publishing, 1997. 60-71.

Knowlton, Daniel C.  Personal letters and muster roll during the Civil War, August 8,1862-June 6, 1865 :Union Army. [S.l.: s.n., 1980-1998?] 1 v. (unpaged) ; 28 cm.
Located at Angelo State University Library, Texas.

McElroy, Thomas. Co. I, 114th, two diaries.
Located at the Broome Co. Historical Society, Binghampton, N.Y.

McElroy, Thomas. The Civil War Letters of Thomas McElroy, Co. I, 114th NYSV.
Finding aid available online at:
http://library.morrisville.edu/local_history/sites/letters/mcelroy1.html

Merritt, John. "John Merritt Letter, 1864 : 114th New York Volunteer Infantry, 1864." Soldier Studies, 2009.
Downloaded from http://www.soldierstudies.org/

Nevins, Augustus A. NorwichCWRTColl
(Enlisted man's letters, Jun 14, 1863-Jan ?, 1864)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

"Old Commander Dead." Chenango Semi Weekly Telegraph. 31 May 1890. 
Article on General Samuel Per Lee of the 114th Regiment.
Thank you to Bruce Scott for finding and donating a scan of this article.

Pellet, Elias Porter. History of the 114th regiment, New York state volunteers, containing a perfect record of its services, embracing all its marches, campaigns, battles, sieges and sea-voyages, with a biographical sketch of each officer, and a complete register of the Regiment, wherein appears the name of every officer and enlisted man who has ever belonged to the same, with full remarks relating thereto, by Brevet-Major Elias P. Pellet. Norwich: Telegraph & Chronicle power press print, 1866.

Pellet, Elias Porter. Three generations. Biography. [Salgar: Colombia, 1896?].
Listed in Dornbusch; however, it is not know if this resource exist.

Randall, Mark. "History of the Colors of the 114th."

Simmons, Chauncy. Civil War Letters of Chauncey Simmons, Co. E, 114th NYSV.
Finding aid available online at: http://library.morrisville.edu/local_history/sites/letters/simmons1.html

Searle, Homer W. Civil War Miscellaneous Collection
(Enlisted man's letters, Jan 27 & Apr 4, 1864)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Sherwood, James Civil War Miscellaneous Collection l
(Enlisted man's diaries, Aug 11, 1862-Feb 13, 1865)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 114th (1862-1865). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Reunion of the 114th N.Y. Regimental Association and dedicatory services ... Oct. 29, 1898.Washington, D.C. : The Conwell Print, 1899.
Located at the Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens.

York, Galutia H. and  Greenhagen, Sue. The Civil War letters of Galutia York a project of the Colgate University Library. Hamilton, N.Y. : Colgate University Libraries,1995.
The letters are available online at:
http://library.morrisville.edu/local_history/civil_war/findingaid.html

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: April 20, 2011
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/114thInf/114thInfMain.htm

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