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119th Infantry Regiment
Civil War

History

Mustered in: September 4, 1862
Mustered out: June 7, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Colonel Elias Peissner received authority, June 26, 1862, to recruit this regiment; it was organized in New York City, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 4 and 5, 1862. The companies were recruited principally: A; Halleck Guard, B, Q, D; Sigel Life Guard, Siegel Sharpshooters; E, F, G, I and K in New York City, and H at Hempstead. The men not mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the load Infantry June 7, 1865.
The regiment left the State September 6, 1862; served in the defenses of Washington, from September, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from October, 1862; in the 2A Brigade, 2d Division, 20th Corps, Army of the Cumberland, from April, 1864; and was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. John T. Lockman, June 7, 1865, near Bladensburg, Md.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 4 officers, 418 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 23 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 92 enlisted men; total, 8 officers, 163 enlisted men; aggregate, 171; of whom 14 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and! Nineteenth Infantry.—Cols., Elias Peissner, John T. Lockman; Lieut-Cols., John T. Lockman, Edward F. Lloyd, Isaac P. Lockman; Majs., Harvey Baldwin, Jr., Benjamin A. Willis, Isaac P. Lockman, Charles F. Lewis, Chester H. Southworth. This regiment was recruited and organized at New York city in the summer of 1862, and was mustered into the U. S. service on Sept. 4-5, for three years. On the 6th the regiment left for Washington, where it was attached to the 2nd brigade, 3d (Schurz') division, nth corps (Howard), and went into winter quarters at Stafford, Va. At the battle of Chancellorsville, Howard's corps was surprised and suffered severely, the 118th losing 21 killed, 67-wounded and 32 missing, Col. Peissner being killed while rallying his men. The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Col. Lockman, and was heavily engaged on the first two days of the battle, losing 140 in killed, wounded and missing. After returning-with the army to Virginia, it was ordered with its corps on Sept. 24, to Tennessee. It was present but not active at the midnight battle of Wauhatchie, fought valiantly at Missionary ridge, and was then ordered with the corps to the relief of Knoxville, en-during severe hardships and privations during the campaign. In April, 1864, when the 11th corps was broken up, the regiment was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, of the newly formed 20th corps, commanded by Gen. Hooker, the veteran Gen. Geary being in command of the division. It moved on the Atlanta campaign and took part in numerous battles in the next four months, including Rocky Face ridge, Resaca, where the brave Lieut.-Col. Lloyd was killed, New Hope Church, Kennesaw mountain, Peachtree-creek, and the siege of Atlanta. After the fall of Atlanta, it remained with the corps to hold the city, while the rest of the army went in pursuit of Hood. On Nov. 15, the regiment moved with Sherman's army on the grand march through Georgia to the sea and took part in the siege of Savannah, Geary's division being the first to enter the city upon Hardee's evacuation. Early in the year 1865, it moved on the campaign of the Carolinas, fighting at Averasboro, Bentonville, Raleigh and Bennett's house, but sustaining a loss of only 4 missing. After Gen. Johnston's surrender, it marched on to Washington with the 20th corps, where it participated in the grand review, and was mustered out at Bladenburg, Md., June 7, 1865, commanded by Col. Lockman. The total enrollment of the regiment was 69 officers, 981 men. It lost by death during service, 6 officers and 71 men, killed and mortally wounded; 2 officers and 92 men by disease and other causes, a total of 171.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Monument at Gettysburg

Historical Sketch

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Co H, 119th Regiment, National Flag Co H, 119th Regiment, National Flag

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to int-historians@ng.army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. A Bird's Eye View of Our Civil War. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1897.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. Addresses and reviews, by T. A. D. Boston: Henry S. Dunn, [189-].

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. Amry and other tales, by T. A. D. Boston: Henry S. Dunn, 1898.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "Left wounded on the field." Putnam's magazine ns IV (1869) 317-26.
Available online at: http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "Saaret og fanget, en episode af den nordamerikanske borgerkrig." Rundt paa jorden. (Copenhagen 1870) 111-33.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "The battle of Chancellorsville," by. Colonel Theodore A. Dodge. Southern historical society papers XIV (1886) 276-92.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "The Gettysburg campaign." US XIII (1885) 1-21.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. On campaign with the Army of the Potomac : the Civil War journal of Theodore Ayrault Dodge. New York : Cooper Square Press,2001. xviii, 340 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "The romances of Chancellorsville." PM- HSM III (1886) 192-218.

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "Tied up by the thumbs." The Galaxy 6:6 (1868) 790-797.
Available online at: http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "Was either the better soldier?" Century magazine XL (1890) 144-8.
Available online at: http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. "Valor and skill in the Civil War." Century magazine 42:4 (August, 1891) 634-636.
Available online at: http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/

Hart, Larry. Through the darkest hour : a romantic story of a Union College man's adventures and tribulations during the Civil War, 1862-1865. Scotia, NY: Old Dorp Books, 1990.

Knapp, Peter J. and Knapp, Anne H.  Now let us never from duty shrink :the Civil War through the eyes of the brothers Cornelius, Union soldiers : an exhibition, March-May 2005. Hartford : Watkinson Library, Trinity College, 2005. [8] p. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Kotzbauer, Robert W.  Elias, ersatz prinz, Union patriot :a true story. Wagontown, PA : R.W. Kotzbauer, 2004. iii, 110, [10] p. : ill., maps, ports., geneal. table ; 23 cm.

United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 119th (1861-1865).  Ceremonies and addresses at the dedication of a monument by the 119th Regiment, N.Y. State Vols. at Gettysburg, July 3, 1888. Boston : Wright & Potter,1889. 35 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 25 cm.

Whitehead, Ralph J. The 119th New York Vols. and their participation in the Gettysburg Campaign June 12, 1863 to July 4, 1863." 1986.

 

 

Items in the museum collection are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: November 17, 2009
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/119thInf/119thInfMain.htm

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