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134th Infantry Regiment
Civil War

History

Mustered in: September 22, 1862
Mustered out: June 10, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
The Hon. George E. Danforth received authority, July 9, 1862, to recruit this -regiment in the counties of Delaware, Schenectady and Schoharie; it was organized at Schoharie and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 22 and 23, 1862. June 5, 1865, the men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the I02d Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A, B and F at Schenectady; C and K at 'Schoharie; D at Middleburg, Fulton and Broome; E at Blenheim, Gilboa, Broome, Jefferson, Conesville and Summit; G at Cobleskill, Richmondville, Sharon, Seward and Gilboa; H at Schenectady and Duanesburg; I at Schenectady, Fulton, Conesville, Wright, Broome, Duanesburg, Gilboa, Middleburg and Glen.
The regiment left the State, under the command of Lieut-Col. J. S. DeAgreda, September 25, 1862; it served in the 2d Brigade, 2d Division, nth Corps, from October, 1862; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, nth Corps, from May, 1863; on detached service at Alexandria, Va., in August, 1863; in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, 2oth Corps, from April, 1864, and, commanded by Col. Allan H. Jackson, it was honorably discharged and mustered out June 10, 1865, near Bladensburg, Md.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 4 officers, 59 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1officer, 25 enlisted men; of disease and other causes.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Infantry.—Cols., George E. Danforth, Charles E. Coster, Allan H. Jackson; Lieut.-Cols., Joseph S. DeAgreda, Allan H. Jackson, Reuben B. Heacock, Clinton C. Brown, William H. Hoyt; Majs., George W. B. Seelye, Allan H. Jackson, Edward W. Groot (declined), Gilbert H. Kennedy, William H. Hoyt, P. E. McMaster. This regiment, recruited in the counties of Schoharie, Schenectady and Delaware, was organized at Schoharie and there mustered into the U. S. service for three years on Sept. 22-23, 1862. It left the state on the 25th and was at once attached to the 2nd brigade, 2nd (Von Steinwehr's) division, nth corps, which in December marched to Fredericksburg in support of Burnside, but the 134th was not in the battle. It then went into winter quarters at Stafford, Va. As part of the 1st brigade, same division and corps, it lost 8 wounded and missing at Chancellorsville. The regiment was heavily engaged at Gettysburg, in the battle of the first day, and in the gallant defense of Cemetery hill on the second day, meeting with a loss of 42 killed, 151 wounded and 59 missing, a total of 252 put of 400 in action. After the battle it accompanied the army on its return to Virginia and in August was on detached service at Alexandria, Va. In Sept., 1863, it was ordered to Tennessee with the 11th and 12th corps, and the following month was in reserve at the midnight battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn. During the Chattanooga-Ringgold campaign it was slightly engaged at Missionary ridge, losing 8 wounded and missing. It was then ordered to the relief of Knox-ville, and in April, 1864, was attached to the 2nd brigade, 2nd (Geary's) division, of the newly formed 20th corps, with which it served in the Atlanta campaign. It fought its first battle of the campaign at Rocky Face ridge, where its casualties were 36 in killed and wounded. It was then in the battles of Resaca, Dallas, Kennesaw mountain, Pine mountain, Golgotha, Kolb's farm, Marietta, Chattahoochee river, Peachtree creek and Atlanta. At Peach-tree creek the regiment lost 44 killed, wounded and missing. After the fall of Atlanta it remained there until Nov., 1864, when it started on the march to the sea, fighting at Sandersville and Greensboro, and sharing with a loss of 13 in the siege of Savannah, Geary's division being the first to enter the city on its evacuation by Hardee. Early in 1865, it moved on its final campaign—through the Carolinas—which ended with Johnston's surrender, then marched with the corps to Washington, where it took part in the grand review, and was mustered out at Bladensburg, Md., under Col. Jackson, June 10, 1865. The regiment lost during service, 5 officers and 84 men killed and mortally wounded; 3 officers and 91 men died of disease and other causes, a total of 183.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Monument at Gettysburg

Historical Sketch

134th FlagBattle Flags

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Boynton, Thom. Thom Boynton Collection.
There are many items of the 134th on loan at the Schoharie NY musuem. Some of the items include a 134th Gar Kepi, SNY Cartridge box, Over 100 Civil war and Gar Medals of the same 134th Soldier by the name of Christian Van Arnum. Two Civil War ambrotypes of William Mortimer Clark, NY 134th Vol., as well as Capt Mickels promotion as an officer of the 134th and his discharge papers. Another picture of Becker with his photo as well as his discharge papers. There is also a voting from filled out by one of the soldiers of the 134th. There is also a piece of the NYS Regimental Flag on loan as well carried by William Mortimer Clark of the 134th.
On temporary loan to the Old Stone Fort Musuem. [link opens new window]

Bradt, Henry Y.  Papers, 1844-1898.
The papers consist of 1 box of material from 1844-1898 and include correspondence (1882-90) of Grand Army of the Republic Post No. 90, Schenectady, N.Y. of which Bradt was secretary; accounts (1894-98); register of electors in the 4th or 2nd ward of Schenectady, N.Y.; and papers of the inventor William S. Kelly, including patent (1862) for a pump improvement, account book (1859), and account book (1844) of the Princeton, N.Y., Presbyterian Church.
6 folders.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Coddington, Ronald S., 1963. Faces of the Civil War : an album of Union soldiers and their stories. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Conklin, George W. "The Long March to Steven's Run : the 134th New York Volunteer Infantry at Gettysburg." Gettysburg: Historical Articles of Lasting Interest Twenty-one (July 1999) 45-56.

Conklin, George W. Under the Crescent and Star: The 134th New York Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War. Port Reading, N.J.: Axworthy Publishing, 1999.

Cook, H. C. Capt. H.C. Cook request for leave,1862.
Request for leave, submitted by Capt. H.C. Cook, approved and forwarded by Col. Charles R. Coster, 134th New York Volunteers. 1 item.

Cosgrove, Charles H. A History of the 134th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the American Civil War 1862-1865: Long Night's Journey into Day. Lewiston, N.Y.: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1997.

History of the 134th regiment, N.Y.S. vol., also a sketch of prison life. Schenectady: J. J. Mar- lett [n. d.] 41 p. "Sketch of prison life," 31-41.

Jones, Kenneth M. compiler, "Never Forsake the Flag." n.p., 1998.
Based on the letters of Capt. George A. Turnbull, Co. A.

Levey, William T. The Blue and the Gray, a sketch of soldier life in camp and field in the army of the Civil war, by Wm. T. Levey. Schenectady: Roy Burton Myers, 1904. 53 p.

Rockwell, William E. Letter, 1863 Nov. 15.
Letter, 15 November 1863, written by William E. Rockwell (b. ca. 1833) while serving with the 134th New York Infantry and being held at Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia, to his comrade William H. Mickle (1839-1922). Rockwell requests that Mickle contact a family member to let him know his whereabouts, and also inquires about various individuals in their unit.
Cite As William E. Rockwell. Letter, 15 November 1863. Accession 40530, Personal papers collection, The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.
Thank you to Betty Lawson Walters for pointing out this resource.

Rolfe, George.  Diaries, 1864-1865.
Two manuscript diaries, 1864-1865 in which Private Rolfe describes briefly his daily activities, the weather, and the state of his health. In addition these diaries provide a chronology of the regiment which participated in the Atlanta Campaign and Sherman's March to the Sea.
2 items.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Tyler, Cyrenus G.  Letter, 1863 February 2.
Letter written at camp near Falmouth, Virginia, to Peter Tinkelpaugh in regards to policies of the Lincoln administration, in particular the Emancipation Proclamation. Tyler expressed favorable sentiment, but harbored some doubts concerning its implementation.
1 item (4 p.) ; 36 cm.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 134th (1862-1865). Miscellenaous records held at the Historic Northampton Museum & Education Center (Northampton, Mass.).
Items include vouchers, invoinces, requests for leave and officer commissions.

 

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: April 25, 2011
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/134thInf/134thInfMain.htm

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