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136th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Ironclads

History

Mustered in: September 25, 1862
Mustered out: June 13, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Colonel James Wood, Jr., received authority, August 8, 1862, to recruit this regiment; it was organized at Portage, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 25 and 26, 1862. June 12, 1865, the men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the 60th Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Portage Station; B at North Danville, Burns, Ossian and Springwater; C at Livonia, Geneseo, Groveland, Leicester and Spring-water; D at Warsaw, Castile, Eagle, Gainesville, Genesee Falls, Orangeville and Pike; E at Lima, Allen, Covington, Middlebury and Warsaw; F at Mount Morris; G at Geneseo, Avon and York; H at Portage, Bennington, China, Java, Perry, Orangeville, Sheldon and Wethersfield; I at Conesus, Sparta, Springwater, Nunda, North Dansville and Portage; and K at Cuba, Friendship, West, Clarksville, Bolivar and New Hudson.
The regiment left the State October 3, 1862; it served in the 2d Brigade, 2d Division, 11th Corps, from October, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 2Oth Corps, from April, 1864; and, commanded by Colonel Wood, it was honorably discharged and mustered out, June 13, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 40 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 34 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 91 enlisted men; total, 3 officers, 165 enlisted men; aggregate, 168; of whom 3 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Infantry.—Col., James Wood, Jr.; Lieut.-Cols., Lester B. Faulkner, Henry L. Arnold; Majs., David C. Hartshorn, Henry L. Arnold, Campbell H. Young. The 136th, the "Ironclads," was recruited in the counties of Allegany, Livingston and Wyoming and rendezvoused at Portage, where it was mustered into the U. S. service for three years on Sept. 25-26, 1862. It left the state on Oct. 3; was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd (Steinwehr's) division, 11th corps; went into winter quarters with the corps at Stafford, Va.; fought its first battle at Chancellorsville, losing a few men killed, wounded and missing; and was heavily engaged at Gettysburg on the first two days of the battle, losing 109 in killed, wounded and missing. In Sept., 1863, it was ordered to Tennessee with the nth and 12th corps and was engaged the following month at the midnight battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn., losing 6 killed and wounded. It was active at Missionary ridge in the Chattanooga-Ringgold campaign, losing 11 killed and wounded. When the 20th corps was formed in April, 1864, it was attached to the 3d brigade, 3d (Butterfield's) division of that corps, moving on the Atlanta campaign early in May. It was active at the battles of Rocky Face ridge, Resaca, Cassville, Dallas, Kennesaw mountain and in the siege of Atlanta. Its heaviest loss was incurred at Resaca, where the casualties amounted to 13 killed, 68 wounded and 1 missing. After the fall of Atlanta it remained there until November, when it marched with Sherman to the sea, engaged in thesiege of Savannah, and closed its active service with the campaign through the Carolinas, in which it was engaged at Fayetteville, Averasboro, Bentonville, Raleigh and Bennett's house, losing 45 in killed and wounded in the battles of Averasboro and Bentonville. After the close of the war it marched with its corps to Washington, where it took part in the grand review, and was mustered out on June 13, 1865, under command of Col. Wood, who was later promoted to bvt. brigadier-general and major-general. The regiment lost by death during service, 2 officers and 74 men, killed and mortally wounded; 1 officer and 91 men, died of disease and other causes, a total deaths of 168.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Monument at Gettysburg

Historical Sketch

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

136th Guidon 136th Guidons

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Antebellum and Civil War collection: Government Documents, 1860-1935.
59 documents.
This series is largely comprised of military records, including special orders, muster rolls, general orders, financial documents, requisitions, circulars, and ordinance reports. The documents are organized chronologically. Other records include those issued by state governments after the war, including pardons. Many of the military records are special orders issued for the Georgia Militia or the Fulton County Militia in Atlanta. The orders include calls for arming and equipping all men eligible to serve in the militia, monthly regimental parades, elections of field officers, granting leave of absences, the impressment of Atlanta's City Hall as a hospital, details of civilians for duty, and service exemptions for newspaper employees, including Samuel P. Richards of The Soldiers Friend, and editors and publishers of The Baptist Banner. The series include muster rolls for the 1st, 4th, and 7th Georgia Regiments in 1861-1862, and for the 144th New York Volunteers. Among the records issued by state governments are pardons to ex-Confederate soldiers and officials, an invoice for "impressment of negroes" in Alabama to make salt, and a letter from General Robert E. Lee dismissing soldiers of the Army of Northern Virginia after the surrender at Appomattox.
Finding aid at: ftp.atlantahistorycenter.com/MSS/MSS%20600-699/MSS%20645.pdf
Located at the Atlanta History Center.

Baker, Shelby and Baker, Eleanor. Shelby and Eleanor Baker papers, 1862-1915.
Correspondence, certificates, photographs, diaries, and clippings relating to Shelby Baker and his daughter, Eleanor Baker. The Bakers hailed from South Livonia, New York. The papers include several documents pertaining to Shelby's service in the Civil War, as well as several letters to Eleanor from her husband, George Gletty. There is a letter written to Eleanor shortly after her marriage by her cousin, Mary A. Jones. The papers also contain the travel diary Eleanor kept during her travels in 1909. Eleanor visited Seattle, San Francisco, and Los Angeles, before returning to New York State. Towards the end of the diary are some recipes for butterscotch and chocolate cake.
0.2 linear ft. (1 box).
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Bush, B. Conrad. Wyoming county news articles, 1862-1865, 136th New York infantry. West Falls, N.Y. : Bush Research, 2000. 95, 54 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.

Hall, William C. HCWRTColl-GACColl
(Enlisted man's diary, Oct 6-Nov 8, 1862).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Havens, Lewis Clayton. Historical sketch of the 136th New York infantry, 1862-1865. [Dalton: Burts print service] 1934. 21 p. ; 22 cm.
Located at the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library.

Ikins, Charles G. A Man Had Better Come Back Dead Than Without Honor: The 136th New York Volunteer Infantry (NYVI) Regiment in the American Civil War Portage Camp, New York to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 2014. Master's Thesis. 148.

Ikins, Charles G. Bibliography from A Man Had Better Come Back Dead Than Without Honor: The 136th New York Volunteer Infantry (NYVI) Regiment in the American Civil War Portage Camp, New York to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 2014. Master's Thesis. 148.

Jones, Jim S. LeighColl Bk 20: 40.
(Pvt's letter, Sep 15, 1863).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

McMahon, John T. John T. McMahon's diary of the 136th New York, 1861-1864. Shippensburg, PA, USA: White Mane Pub. Co, c1993.

Smith, Lucian A. "Recollections of Gettysburg. L. A. Smith, First Lieut. 136th N.Y. infantry, (read May 3, 1894)." MOLLUS-Mich II 297-308.

Metcalf, George P. Autobiography, 1886.
1 v. (456 p.)
Autobiography of George Perry Metcalf of Loraine County, Ohio recounts his childhood on a Medina County, Ohio farm, his service with the New York Infantry Regiment 136, Company D in the Civil War, his law education and experience as a lawyer in Mississippi during the Reconstruction. It includes biographical excerpts from other sources, a Metcalf family genealogy, and aphotograph of George P. Metcalf (b. 1887), nephew of the author.
Located at the Ohio Historical Society (OHS).

Metcalf, George P. Unpublished reminiscences,1886.
Reminiscences of Metcalf's childhood on a Medina County, Ohio farm, his service during the Civil War, and his experiences as a lawyer in Mississippi during Reconstruction.
0.2 linear ft.
Located at the Western Reserve Historical Society.

Owen, Riva.  Riva Owen collection.
This collection consists of 6 letters. There are 4 letters from John C. Wheaton, 136th New York Infantry, June 6, 1863-Jan. 28, 1865, to his sister, Avis Wheaton Owen, containing some especially interesting comments on looting; a letter from John C. Wheaton, June 12, 1865, to his sister, Avis Wheaton Owen, commenting on civilian life; and a letter from R. Wheaton, April 23, 1865, to his sister, Avis Wheaton Owen, commenting on John C. Wheaton and other members of the family.
.1 cu.ft. 
Located at the Archives of Michigan.

West Brothers (Arzy & Lafayette). Civil War Miscellaneous Collection.
(Enlisted men's letters, Nov 21, 1862 &
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Willard Samuel. Letters.

Wood, James. Report of the operations of the 3d brigade, 3d division of the 20th army corps, in the Atlanta campaign of 1864, by the Brigadier commander, Colonel James Wood, with an appendix containing the proceedings and address of General Wood on the dedication of the monument to the 136th ret. N.Y.V.I. on the battlefield of Gettysburg, October 16, 1888. Albany: Weed, Parsons & co., printers, 1889.
Available online at http://www.archive.org/details/operations3dbrig00woodrich

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: February 19, 2014
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/136thInf/136thInfMain.htm

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