143rd Regiment Infantry
New York Volunteers
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
THE 143D REGIMENT
The latest authentic information from the 143d Regiment left them on transport
at Fortress Monroe, and about sailing for some unknown point—probably
A late Suffolk paper pays our boys the following high compliment:
The last few days here have been pregnant with events. Yesterday (Sunday) morning,
about 10 o'clock, Gen. Getty, in command of a division, moved upon what is
here known as the Petersburg Road, and after a stubborn resistance, drove the
enemy from their first line of rifle pits, and some three miles beyond. The "Rebs" contested
the ground inch by inch, but the rapid and exact firing of our artillery, under
command of Capt. Phineas Davis, 6th
Massachusetts Battery, and Lieut. Hasbrouck, 4th Regulars, (Howard's) proved
too much for them, and they fell back as stated. The conduct of the 103d and
143d New York Volunteers, who supported these batteries, is spoken of as beyond
praise. They behaved nobly.
THE 142d NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS ON THE MARCH.
Ogdensburg, N. Y., October 6.—The 142d regiment New York Volunteers left
this morning at 10 o'clock, with full ranks, via Rouse's Point and Lake Champlain
and the Hudson River railroad, for New York.
Colonel David P. Dewitt, of the 143d Regt., has resigned his command of that
regiment, on account of ill health, and his resignation has been accepted.
143d Regiment—Death of R. L. Tillotson, Esq.
We are indebted to the editor of the Watchman for the following items of news,
which will interest many of our readers:
Robt. L. Tillotson, Esq, of Co. A, 143d Regiment, N. Y. Vol., died at Nelson
Hospital, Va., on the 13th inst., of typhoid fever. He was taken there on the
The 143d left Yorktown a few days since. They moved by land up the Peninsula.
When last heard from they were 18 miles above Williamsburg.
—Col. D. P. Dewitt, of the 143d Sullivan) Regiment, has been compelled
to resign on account of ill-health.
David Fredmore, of Co. B, l43d Regt., died in hospital on the 1st inst. Mr.
F. was formerly a resident of Bethel.
Letter from Chaplain Gibbard—Strategy of Railroad Travel—Tobacco
vs. Ladies—Sightseeing in Washington—Curious Meteorological Facts—Interment
of Deceased Soldiers.
WASHINGTON, D. C., April 27th, '63.
MESSRS. EDITORS:—Having said farewell to my people at Dansviile, secured
the services of Rev. A. V. R. Abbott, of New York East Conference, as supply
satisfactory to the church—receiving a letter of releave both from P.
E. and Bishop Scott, and having removed my family to my father-in-law, at Rush,
and giving the Russians another slice from the gospel table, I took the cars
for Washington to enter upon the duties of the chaplaincy of the 143d Regiment,
N. Y. V. Fortune, gallantry, or impudence, I will not stop to decide which,
favored me in circumventing the practice, which has grown to the dignity of
a R. R. law on these Southern roads. At Elmira the cars for Baltimore are made
up of one well furnished ladies' car attached to a string of huge boxes, resembling
very much cattle cars with windows. On the platform of the ladies' car stood
an army sentinal, who, at the approach of a gentleman, bar rover, rowdy, street
loafer, or any thing looking like a man, cried out amid a flourish of arms, "Gentlemen
take the front cars." I looked into them and backed out, went into the
depot, found a lady with two good looking children, and having left my ladies
at home, determined to make an experiment. Found that the lady was traveling
to Washington. No gentleman accompanying her, engaged her in conversation.
As the crowd was dense, I purchased her tickets, checked her baggage, and interested
the children, when the welcome shout cam, "A1l aboard." I took one
of the children and motioned the others to follow. The guard saw me approaching,
and prepared himself to motion me into the "cattle cars," but before
the order was fully given he discovered the child by my side, and the mother
with the other child following, and undoubtedly tracing a strong family resemblance,
opened the door of the ladies’ car and politely said “pass in.” The
same strategy I practiced till we had made our last change for Washington.
The cause of this separation I understood to be, that in this country of tobacco,
where everybody raises it, of course to make it popular everybody must smoke
it also, and since they practice the latter to a most rigid slavery , and much
to the annoyance of the fairer sex, and, if I am any judge and have observed
correctly, to the annoyance of a sex equally as fair, though not so fairly
treated, the highest executive ability of which the R. R. authorities are capable,
has admitted a nuisance and reestablished a barbarism. But I have no reason
to complain, only, if I had the conductorship of the Southern cars, I would
do as our Northern roads do, peremptorily forbid smoking on the cars if it
damaged the tobacco market beyond recovery.
As soon as I had safely cleared myself of the runners, porters, grab-boys,
and every other pest that infest the depot at Washington, I took street cars
to the provost marshal’s office to secure a pass to the other side of
the Potomac. Having had a slight acquaintance with Gen. Martindale, while at
Rochester, and his headquarters being in the same building with those of the
Provost Marshal, I called on the general, and learned that my regiment, in
connection with a large force from about Washington, had been sent forward
Having therefore a few days to spend in Washington I improved them as far as
the mud and rain would allow to visit the public buildings. But previous to
this and as soon as I learned the departure of our Regiment, I cast about for
acquaintances with whom I could spend the time of my day. I soon bethought
me of Misses Mary Williams and Maria Halstead, formerly students and graduates
of the G. W. Seminary at Lima, N. Y. I found my friends without difficulty.
With Miss Halstead it was never my pleasure to have an acquaintance. She was
known to me only through other students, and being an old Lima student felt
a right to an acquaintance. Miss Williams I had known during her connection
with the same Institution as assistant teacher. Five years ago in connection
with Miss Halstead she came to this city by invitation from Prof. Lafayette
C. Loomis, an Alumni of Wesleyan Univerrsity, Middletown, Conn., and engaged
in teaching in the Lafayette Institute for young ladies which Prof. L. had
just opened. At present Prof. Loomis is connected with the War Department,
and the Institute is conducted by the lady teachers, the Professor having the
supervision and lecturing to the young ladies out of office hours. Loomis is
a gentleman of rare abilities, a ripe scholar, of fine tastes, and a thorough
disciplinarian. Any of our Colleges would be fortunate in securing his services.
It is impossible to give any fair description of the public buildings in any
ordinary letter, and then no description could ever answer the reality. As
with the Queen of Sheba and the magnificence and wisdom of Solomon we may hear
all, and read all both said and written relative to these grand structures
of the nation, and then be compelled on beholding them with our eyes to acknowledge
that "the half was never told." I doubt the beauty in ornament, the
art in paintings and sculpture, the granduer in design and construction, the
material in variety and elegance, everywhere to be seen in the Capitol, being
excelled on this continent. This is decidedly the finest structure in the city.
The visitor is held in admiration at every step of his progress. There is but
one criticism, and that is that many of its halls are narrow and dark. The
President's house, in architecture, is inferior. The famous east room is elegant
almost to excess, but illy constructed. It has but one main entrance, and often
at the President's levees and New Year's parties, the crowds that attend those
gatherings enter at the door, but pass out at window. Getting out of windows
don't look very civil in any house, much less in the President's of the United
States. In the green room there is nothing that markedly strikes the attention,
except its greenness. I was much pleased in the south yard, with the flowers
and shrubbery; and when I plucked a flower from the hedge to send to a dear
friend as a relic from the White House, I did not consider it theft, as what
I was examining belonged to the nation, and I counted myself in as a part of
At the Smithsonian Institution, among thousands of rare specimens in mineralogy,
zoology, botany, conchology, ornithology, snakeology, and every other conceivable
ology, I saw a living Salamander brought from Japan, the only living specimen
ever taken. Prof. Henry the living head of the Institution, is the oracle of
the city. His observations are too well known to need any comment in this correspondence.
Already have they resulted in great practical benefit to this, and other parts
of the country. Through, his meteorological observations, he has established
the fact that as the weather is in Indiana, so will it be in this locality
six hours hence. Prof. H. often avails himself of this discovery, once in particular
daring a course of lectures; The day, on which a certain lecture was to be
given in the evening, was exceedingly stormy. The lecture-going people anxiously
watched the clouds, and pray for fair weather, but the storm increased in fury.
Out came the evening papers and much to the disappointment of their readers,
a notice from Prof. Henry declared no postponement of the lecture, it would
certainly take place at the usual hour. But before that hour came, the sky
was clear, not a cloud darkened its face. Six hours before the lecture hour
Prof. H. had telegraphed his station at Indiana, to know what weather they
were having, and received in reply "pleasant," and though Washington
was at that time being drenched with storm, the Indiana reply was sufficient
grounds for his evening notice that the lecture would surely take place. But
still more practical are these observations in Boston harbor. Meteorological
observations have shown that as the weather is at Buffalo, so is it at Boston
six hours hence. The shore of the harbor for several miles has signals placed
on prominent locations, which are visible to ships several miles out of harbor.
When, therefore, indications of a storm are apparent at Boston and the merchants'
vessels are several miles on their course, Buffalo is telegraphed to ascertain
the state of the weather at that time, and if an answer is returned that a
terrible storm is raging, the signals are hoisted; and if the vessels are but
five miles out of harbor, and have fifteen miles to make the next harbor, the
commanders know it is wisdom to turn about and put in. Prof. Henry is of the
opinion that the origin of storms is near Behring Straits, at the Polar sea;
that they proceed in current across the Rocky Mountains to Texas and the Gulf,
and then sweep in an easterly direction across the continent. To ascertain
the correctness of this opinion, he has agents in the northern localities making
meteorological observations and submitting
the results to him.
It is to be hoped that still greater practical use will be made of these observations,
and the laws adduced from them. I have already strung out this scribbling at
too great a length, and if you will retain your patience for one more item,
I will have done. What I have now to say will, undoubtedly cheer and comfort
thousands of mothers and families in the loyal North.
What I refer to is in relation to the burial of our brave soldiers, who die
in our hospital stations in and about Washington. A contract has recently been
completed between the Commissary Department and a civilian of this city, which
secures to each of the deceased soldiers an honorable and decent interment.
Some of the previsions of the contract are, that there shall be furnished a
coffin, which shall be stained the usual color, lined on the inside, a pillow
furnished for the head of the corpse to rest upon, the coffin drawn in a hearse
which shall not proceed faster than a walk, upon the coffin to be placed the
American flag, or a pall, carriages accompanying the hearse, one of which shall
carry the Chaplain, who shall conduct the religious services at the grave;
the grave shall be two feet deeper than ordinary graves; it shall be covered
while the attendants are present; they shall be buried at the "Old Soldiers
Home," and but one shall be buried at a time. All this for six dollars.
I feel confident that thousands of desolate, bereaved families, will be gladdened
by the announcement of this contract. Those who are not able to pay the expenses
of embalming their dead, and having them expressed to their homes, have at
least the consolation that they are honorably interred here.
I hope hereafter to keep you informed as to the doings of our Regiment, and
what other news I can gather. ISAAC R. GIBBARD,
Chaplain 143d Reg., N. Y. S. Y.
Gallant Conduct of the 143d Regiment, Col. Boughton—Death of Col. Ringgold
and Chaplain Butler—Letter from Chaplain Gibbard.
SUFFOLK, May 4, 1863.
EDITOR NORFOLK UNION :—The last few days here have been pregnant with
events. Yesterday (Sunday) morning about 10 o'clock, General Getty in command
of a division, moved upon what is here known as the Petersburg road, and after
a stubborn resistance, drove the enemy from their first line of rifle pits
and some three miles beyond. The "Rebs" contested the ground inch
by inch, but the rapid and exact firing of our artillery under command of Capt.
Phineas T. Davis, 6th Massachusetts Battery, and Lieut. Hasbrouck 4th Regulars
(Howard's) proved too much for them, and they fell back as stated. The conduct
of the 103d and 143d New York Volunteers who supported their batteries, is
spoken of as beyond praise. They behaved nobly. In this connection it grieves
me to say that Col. Ringgold of the former Regiment was mortally wounded while
heroically leading his men into action. I am unable to state the exact number
of the killed and wounded on our side, but if any reliance can be placed on
the statements of deserters and natives, the rebel loss greatly exceeded ours.
Providence Church, five miles beyond Suffolk, which was used by the enemy as
a hospital, is said to have been filled with the wounded and dying, The new
made graves in the immediate vicinity of the Church corroborates this statement.
EDITORS OF EXPRESS:—The above is copied from the "Norfolk and Portsmouth
Union," and as it refers to our Regiment, I send it to you for publication.
The 143d Regiment N. Y. V. is now, and has been for some time past commanded
by Lieut. Col Horace Boughton, formerly of the old 13th Regiment, N. Y. V.
Col. Boughton gallantly led his regiment in the action of Sunday referred to
above. The enemy was driven from their position and on the day following made
a precipitate retreat towards Richmond.
I visited the several hospitals where our wounded men were brought during the
day, and though many were very severely wounded and the operations must have
been exceedingly painful, yet they uttered no complaints whatever.
The 103d was very severely cut up, losing their Colonel and fourteen officers
in killed and wounded. The sharpshooters would not aim at a private—but
when they spied the double round button and shoulder straps, their aim was
determined immediately. Hence a greater proportion of officers fell, during
the action of the day. Rev. Mr. Butler, a graduate of Yale College, and Chaplain
of the 25th Regiment N. Y. V., was shot through the abdomen while giving water
to his men. He was much beloved by his regiment and greatly lamented in his
fall. He died the day following the battle, after great suffering. Col. Ringgold
of the 103d is spoken of as an officer of high merit, brave and noble. I stood
beside him when he expired. His body was brought into the Methodist Church
at Suffolk which is used as a hospital. The last words he uttered were a request
for something to put him asleep to east him of the severe pain he was enduring.
The privates were mostly wounded in the arms and legs. The officers were shot
through the vitals. I should judge from what I saw, our loss must have been
about 60 in killed and wounded. Since that action we have moved to West point,
on the York river, and are about two miles above the junction of the Pamunkey
and Mattapony. Truly yours,
ISAAC R. GIBBARD,
Chaplain 143d Reg't N. Y. S. V.
Camp 143d Reg., Warrenton Junction, Va.,
XI Army Corps, 3d Division, 1st Brigade,
Army of the Potomac, July 27, 1863.
James E. Quinlan, Esq.,--Dear Sir,
As your readers will be interested in hearing of the whereabouts of the 143d
Regiment, I conclude to drop you a few hasty lines.
We left White House, Va., on the 8th day of July, 1863, with orders to move
to the Army of the Potomac. We marched to Yorktown by the same route that we
came to the Peninsula, the details of which I gave in a former letter.
At Yorktown we took transports for Washington. As it was expected that our
army would be engaged before we reached, they hurried us along by railroad
to Frederick City, in Maryland.—From Frederick we marched to Middleton,
Boonesboro, and other villages, and through the finest country I ever saw,
until we joined Gen. Meade's army.—Scarcely had we reached the breastworks,
before it was rumored that Lee had crossed the Potomac; and soon the story
was confirmed, the whole of his army having crossed the river at 10 o'clock
A.M. of the 14th, at or near Williamsport. We were at once ordered on, and
continued the march until night, and in the morning returned by the same route
to Middleton. In passing through Hagerstown, I was very much surprised as well
as delighted to meet the Rev. W. C. Stilt, formerly connected with the Presbyterian
church in Monticello. I could stop but a moment, as our column did not halt.
He described the feeling of the place to be strongly Union, and was very indignant
at the treatment the citizens of Hagerstown had received from the rebels. Enclosed
I send you a paper handed to me, which demonstrates the feelings of the clergy
From Middleton we marched to Berlin, a small town on the Potomac, where we
crossed on pontoons. It seemed again like home to get into Virginia.—From
Berlin we marched to Middleburgh, then to New Baltimore, and now at Warrenton
Junction, a small place on the Rail Road running from Alexandria to Richmond.
We are said to be about thirty-five miles from Washington, seven from Manassas,
and about twenty from Fredericksburgh. The boys are worn out by our fatiguing
marches, as well as incensed at Lee's escape. It is perhaps improper that I
should in any manner reflect upon the course of the military authorities in
permitting Lee to escape, and when he had crossed the river, in not following
him up. With a victorious as well as a reinforced army, it seems certain that
an attack made upon them on the 13th inst. could not but have been crowned
with success. If Gen. McClellan was censurable, as his traducers claim, in
allowing the rebels to escape after the fight of Antietam last year, how much
greater must be the blunder committed by the military authorities, in allowing
Lee to escape now. History alone will unfold why a well inaugurated campaign
against a weakened and demoralized foe, has thus proved a failure. To-morrow
we are again to march. Already the sound of bugles denote the advance of cavalry
and artillery, and we must follow, where, none of us know.
Last night our Regiment was favored with a mail, the first that has been received
since the 8th instant, and all day the boys have been eagerly devouring the
messages from loved ones at home.
The sad intelligence of the death of John W. Carpenter, of Co. A, and Marcus
L. Brown, of Co. B, has just reached us. They both died at Hospital—I
think at Fortress Monroe. The long and tedious marches we have been called
upon to endure have already told the strongest constitution, and the result
is that our ranks have been decimated. By the Adjutant's report this morning,
I see that we number for duty only 495 men.
The Eleventh Army Corps, to which we are assigned is commanded by Maj.
Geo. Howard, the division by Gen. Carl Shurz, and the Brigade by Gen. Tyndale.
It is principally German. Ours is the only American Regiment in the Brigade.
This Corps, you may remember, immortalized itself at Chancellorsville by a
famous skedaddle; but retrieved its name at Gettysburgh. It was formerly commanded
by Gen. Seigal, to whom the Germans are very much attached, has been through
nearly all the battles, and after the Gettysburgh fight, numbered but about
five thousand effective men. Since then, by being reinforced, they number some
10,000 to 15,000.
Captain Watkins of the 143d Regiment, arrived in town on Monday
NELSON HOSPITAL, FORT YORKTOWN,
Va., July 11, 1863.
The 143d N. Y. Vols. left this place for Washington yesterday afternoon.—
They are still in Gordon's Division, 4th Army Corps; and the whole corps have
embarked on board of transports and are bound for Washington, I believe.—Below
I give a correct list of all the sick left by them in this Hospital. There
have been no deaths from the regiment here of late.
J. M. Hoyt, Co. E., Acting Nurse; C. H. Everett, Co. C., Ward Master; Geo.
H. Everett, Co. C., diarrhea; J. S. Brewster, Co. G., remittent fever; Ira
Serrine, Co. E., remittent fever; R. Young, Co. H., debility; Andrew Mc-Curd,
Co. A., nurse; Samuel Lord, Co. A., typhoid fever; W. J. Fraser, Co. B., remittent
fever; Jefferson Harding, Co. D., remittent fever; George Myers, Co. D., remittent
fever; Reuben A. Lewis, Co. C., remittent fever; Joseph White, Co. B., remittent
These are all doing well with the exception of two or three.
A. P. CHILDS, Hospital Steward.
How the Soldiers Talk.
From a private letter written by T. C. Van Siclen, formerly an apprentice in
this office, we make the following extracts:
CAMP 143d REGIMENT, N. Y. Vol.,
NEAR WARRENTON JUNCTION, Va.,
August. 10, 1863.
* * * * "We get the mail quite regular now. At one time we did not get
any for two weeks. I am well—have not been sick. The health of the Regiment
is very good, considering the hard marches we have had. * * *
Wm. Fisher is at the Convalescent Camp quite sick; John and Arch. Allen have
gone to the Hospital; the Cantrell boys are well; Tom Bates is well, but detailed
on duty in a Hospital near Alexandria; Chas. Smith and Orrin Smith are in the
We are guarding the railroad at present. There are lots of guerrillas * *
Have they drafted in Sullivan yet? The Copperheads are making quite a time
in York State. The soldiers curse them beyond measure. There is not a soldier
here who would not shoot one of them as soon as he would a rebel in arms. *
* * Things begin to be a little brighter--the day is dawning. I hope the time
will soon come when we will be needed here no more, and can return to our homes
* * * I have seen some of the rebel barbarities. If their cause was ever so
just it could not prosper in such hands. If I live, I am a soldier as long
as this trouble continues. I could not stay at home while such cold blooded
murders are being perpetrated in our once happy country. As our army was coming
here, some rebels took three brothers to the woods—asked them to join
the Confederate army, which they refused to do. One was shot dead, the second
was so badly wounded that he lived but a short time, and the third is getting
well, although a ball and some buck-shot had been fired into the back of his
head and neck. That is the way Union people are treated down here.
It is very warm here at present. We have to drill twice a day. * * Seth
Terry is clerk for Gen. Howard.
T. VAN SICLEN.
From the 143d Regiment.
LETTERS FROM CAPR. DECKER.
[From the Ellenville Journal.]
CAMP 143d N. Y. V.,
Under Pt. Lookout, Tenn., Nov. 1, 1863.
* * I am quite well, and can complain of nothing but the little food we get,
and the hard labor we have to perform. For two days our regiment has been on
duty, night and day, on one quarter rations of food; and for two days previously
we had none at all, on account of the bad condition of the roads from the late
heavy rains. During those two days we lived on parched corn, which we gathered
from the fields.
Our being short of rations is due chiefly to the fact that the rebels until
yesterday held the Tennessee River, and they had previously destroyed all railroad
communication when they retreated from Bridgeport.
On the 28th of October we left Bridgeport with the 11th and 12th Corps, and
arrived at this place on the afternoon of the 29th. The same night we were
attacked by a rebel force of about 11, 000 infantry. The two corps were soon
got in line of battle, and at once a fight commenced by moonlight, which lasted
until 4 o'clock in the morning, when the firing ceased, the rebels driven from
their position, having fled to the mountains. We charged their rifle pits repeatedly
and completely whipped them. Out of our regiment six were wounded, one of whom
has since died. Our loss and that of the enemy was equal, amounting to some
four hundred killed and wounded. We captured about 100 prisoners.
I was not with the regiment in the fight, but received my full share of attention
from the flying bullets nevertheless, having that night been placed in charge
of the picket line put out.—Along this line it was the main part of the
fighting occurred. It was wholly a musketry and bayonet fight, and probably
the biggest one fought in this war during those hours when all should be hushed
in sleep. Having driven the enemy from this point we gained possession of the
Tennessee River to within six miles of Chattanooga, and yesterday boats arrived
with provisions, and half rations were issued, which is more than the army
at this point has received since the Chickamauga fight.
Since Gen. Grant assumed command of this army it has been more than ever active,
and points of great strategic importance have been gained. Grant and
Hooker passed through our camp day before yesterday.
Point Lookout is the strongest point held by the enemy in these parts. It is
a knob on Lookout Mountains, which are about the height of the Shawangunk range,
and the Point another just such work of nature as "Sam's Point" only
this faces to the north and from its crest frown tiers of cannon which have
been unceasing in their compliments to us in the valley. We lie in a valley
within 1 3-4 miles of the summit of the Point and our camp has been shelled
every day; the majority of these shells either fall short or go screaming harmlessly
over our heads. Many however fall directly in our camp. One burst yesterday
directly over us, and a piece weighing about three quarters of a pound struck
just beside my second lieutenant. So far only one man has been hit, receiving
a wound in the hand from a piece of shell.
The enemy is exceedingly vigilant on the Point, and clusters of soldiers, working
parties, moving bodies of troops, wagon trains, &c., are instantly discovered
and made aware of the existence of rifled twelve-pounders by the whistling
of the shells about our heads. To avoid these marked attentions as far as possible,
we place our guards by night, and do the principal part of our digging under
cover of the darkness.
All manner of rumors are afloat here —one to the effect that we shall
speedily be attacked by Bragg, others that his army is in full retreat on Atlanta.
What may prove to be the truth I cannot tell, of course; of one thing you may
be assured—this army will never be driven from the position it now holds.—On
the contrary there is every reason to believe we shall soon possess ourselves
of the enemy's position. There is no doubt in my mind that another terrible
battle will soon be fought here, and one that will effectually decide the fate
of Tennessee. G. H. D.
November 7, 1863.
Communication on the Tennessee is established, and we and drawing full rations
of hard bread, coffee and bacon. I have not tasted a vegetable, except a
handful of onions, since, the 1st of October. This morning I just came off
picket, having been out twenty-four hours.—Day before yesterday we
extended our picket line about four hundred yards farther to the front, to
the brink of a stream about the size of the Beerkill, only deeper. This move
brought on a fire between our own and the enemy's pickets, which lasted about
five minutes. We lost no men, the enemy two. We occupy the west and they
the east bank of the above mentioned stream, being apart in some places and
not more than twenty paces, and at others sixty. Yesterday afternoon I visited
the picket line of which I was in charge and saw their pickets and some others
straggling about without arms. This morning they threw some tobacco over
the steam and chatted to our boys a little. Yesterday three hundred deserters
from the enemy came over and gave themselves up.
Direct 143d N. Y. Vols., 3d Division 11th Amy Corps, Department of the
GEO. H. DECKER.
From the 143d Regiment.
[From the Ellenville Journal.]
Letter from Dr. Craft.
Camp of the 143d Regiment, N. Y. S. V.,
Lookout Valley, Tenn., January 12, 1864.
MR. EDITOR:—Excuse my presumption in asking a place in your paper for
this article, but as it may be of interest to those in your section who have
friends in the Regiment, and as yours is the only paper I take in the army,
I justify my claims to occupy a small space in your columns. Our Regiment is
in an alarmingly unhealthy condition. Day after day the destroying Angel continues
to visit our already thinned ranks, and one after another our bravest and once
most robust boys, are numbered among the dead. Chronic diarrhoea is the prevailing
disease. We have had since we came into this Department, upwards of seventy
deaths from this direful malady, and probably before this article reaches your
paper, there may be added to this number ten or fifteen more of our bravest
and best boys, who are now tottering on the verge of the grave. The boys are
very much depressed in spirits, which makes them less able to resist the onward
coarse of the diarrhoea. We report in the morning, at Surgeon's call, eighty
unfit for duty, but there are actually some one hundred and seventy-six suffering
in the Regiment from the same disease, but some so slightly that they continue
to duty until they get alarmed about themselves, and are obliged to report.
We have besides this number, 184 in the different military hospitals, making
in the aggregate the enormous sick report of Three hundred and Sixty. The aggregate
strength of the Regiment, that is counting those present and absent, is 680,
so you see at a glance that over half the regiment is suffering from sickness.
Upon post mortem examination of those who have died of the disease, it has
been found that the mucous membrane of the bowels is thickened, congested and
ulcerated, and tubercular deposits are frequently found, the same as occur
in the bowels of marasmatic children, commonly called consumption of the bowels.—The
remedies recommended for this condition are a change of climate, and a confinement
to milk or vegetable diet. The friends of the regiment, will undoubtedly be
glad to learn that Colonel Boughton, who always has been indefatigable in his
efforts to promote the welfare of the regiment, is making every effort to have
this brought about, and they may rest assured that nothing on his part will
be left undone to alleviate the suffering of the afflicted. From the encouragement
the Colonel is meeting with, I should not be surprised if the Regiment was
either sent home, furloughed for a short time, or sent north to garrison some
place. The causes of the sickness and mortality in our Regiment will, I do
not doubt, be attributed by many, to the unhealthiness of this climate, but
such an opinion would be in a measure, erroneous. The climate of Tennessee
is as healthy as any in the United States, but while making this statement
I do not deny that the locality in which the army is encamped is made artificially
unhealthy. The hundreds of dead and putrifying horses and mules that lie unburied,
and strew the ground for miles around, and offal from cattle killed for the
army, combine to render the locality peculiarly adapted to diarrhoea, dysentery
and malarias fevers. But this is by no means the primary cause of our unhealthy
condition. You are aware, I doubt not,
that our Regiment was enrolled in a high salubrious district--indeed as salubrious
as any section in the whole North, where malarias are almost entirely unknown.
When we were organized and sent to the field, we were sent to Washington, where
the climate is termed villainous by the resident physicians. From Washington
we were sent to Suffolk in the southern part of Virginia, a still worse climate.
From Suffolk we were ordered to West Point, Va., at the confluence of the Pammunky
and Mattapony Rivers. Here the seeds of disease and death were sown. The climate
of this place is as unhealthy as the climate along the coast of the Mediterranean
Sea—where the malaria floats as a halo over its victims—indeed
this place is so notoriously malarious, that the rebel journals predicted that
sickness would soon thin our ranks, sand-flies fatten on our carcasses, and
we would be compelled to abandon the place.—Their predictions were too
true, for before we had been here three weeks over half our regiment was prostrated
by fever, dysentery and diarrhoea. From this place we were ordered back to
Yorktown, and from Yorktown to the Peninsula. The unhealthiness of this latter
place is too familiar with every reader in your section to need description
by me. Suffice it to say, that in these unhealthy localities were sown the
seeds of disease, which are now ripening into sickness and death, and threatening
to annihilate the Regiment.
Ass't Surgeon, 143d Regt. N. Y. V.
ALBANY, MONDAY, OCT. 24, 1864.
Lieut. Col. Strain.--We have learned with regret that our brave young townsman,
Lieut. Col. Alexander Strain, One Hundred and Forty-third Regiment, N. Y. V.,
was wounded in the right arm while gallantly performing his portion of the
glorious achievement of the 19th inst., in the Valley of the Shenandoah. We
hope the hurt is not a serious one, for the country can ill afford to lose
the services of men of the stamp of Lieut. Col. Strain. By his bravery and
soldierly bearing, "Alex." Has risen from the rank of Adjutant to
his present position; and his superiors, we understand, have lately recommended
him to the proper authorities for the Colonelcy of his Regiment. "His
meed hath brought him honor."
[From the Republican.]
THE 143D REGIMENT.
We give below a list of the brave men of the 143d Regiment who have been killed
or wounded in battle, and also the names of those who made the march with Sherman
from Atlanta to the sea coast,—the greatest undertaking ever made in
military history on this Continent. Each of these brave men deserve more than
regal honors, and will be long remembered by a grateful country which they
have loved and served so well.
We should be glad to have a like list of the killed and wounded in the 56th
Regiment, and those of other regiments:
List of Officers and Enlisted Men,
Killed and Wounded of the 143d Regiment,
N. Y. Vols., —Infantry.
Joseph B. Taft, Lt.-Col., killed before Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 24, 1863.
William Hill, Corp., Co. C, wounded at Lookout Valley, Tenn., Oct. 29, 1863.
Charles H. Simpson, Private, Co. C, wounded at Lookout Valley, Tenn., Oct,
Benjamin Conklin, Private, CO. C, wounded at Lookout Valley, Tenn., Oct, 29,
Lewis H. Short, Private, Co. F, wounded at Lookout Valley, Tenn., Oct. 29,
Horace D. Teller, Private, Co. G, killed at Lookout Valley, Tenn., Oct. 29,
George S. Cain, Corp., wounded at Lookout Valley, Oct. 29, 1863.
Marcellus Dickinson, Private, Co. G, wounded by shell at Lookout Valley, Nov.
William H. Brewster, Private, Co. G, wounded before Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov.
Samuel Lord, Sergeant, Co. A, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864—slight.
Robert Drennon, Private, Co. a, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,—flesh,
Scipio Crosby, Private, Co. B, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864.--leg,
William H. Newman, Private, Co. C, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,--head,
George W. Cross, Private, Co. C, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864.--thigh,
Reuben A. Lewis, Private, Co. C, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,--breast,
Selar B. Decker, Corp., Co. E, killed at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864.
John W. Pierce, Private, Co. E, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,--knee,
William Murray, Private, Co. F, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,--shoulder,
George H. Anderson, Serg't, Co. F, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,--wrist,
William Rose, Private, Co. G, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,--arm, severe.
Nathan M. Thomas, Corp., Co. G, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,--leg,
Jerry Crary, Serg't, Co. H, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864,—leg,
Harrison Conklin, Private, Co. I., wounded at Resaca, Ga., by shell, May 15,
David Darling, Private, Co. A., wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,—side,
Edward R. Cantrell, Private, Co. A., wounded near Dallas, Ga., June 3, 1864,—foot,
John McWilliams, Private, Co. A, wounded near Dallas, Ga., June 8, 1864,--foot,
Isaac Morgan, Private, Co. C, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,—thigh,
James D. Gorton, Private, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1884,—thigh,
George W. Cross, Private, Co. C, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,-thigh,
Luther G. Bunnell, Corp., Co. D, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,--foot,
James W. Davis, Private, Co. D, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,--head,
Edwin Fralick, Private, Co. D, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,--shoulder,
John R. Groo, Lieut., Co. D, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, l864,--neck,
William Traviser, Private, Co. E, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864.
William Davis, Co. E, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 24, 1864,—head, slight.
George W. Parker, Co. F, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,—arm.
John Long, Co. F, wounded near Resaca, Ga., May 16, 1864,—hand, severe.
Verdine H. Miller, Co. G, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,—leg,
James Brown, Co. G, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864,—hand, severe.
Joseph A. Lent, Co. K, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864.—face,
Burrough P. Williams, Co. K, wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864.—head,
William M. Ratcliff, Adjutant, killed at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Peter L. Waterbury, 1st Lieut., Co. E, Mortally wounded at Peach Tree Ridge,
Ga., July 20 '64.
Amos P. Akins, Serg't., Co. A., killed at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Philo Buckley, Serg't., Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Frederick W. Burns, Serg't., Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July
Thomas H. Litts, Corp. Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
*John M. Lounsbury, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July
Adam Lohman, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Thomas Bates, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
*Peter Van Orden, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Joseph J. Beebe, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
*John McWilliams, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
R. W. Purvis, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Nathaniel V. Lent, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Gilbert I. Young, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Lewis J, Kauise, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Edwin J. Everdon, Private, Co. A, killed at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Theodore Van Sielan, Private, Co. A, killed at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July
Edward B. Cantrell, Private, Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July
George Young, 1st Lieut., Co. A, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Gustis Rose, Corp., Co. B, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
John H. Jaycox, Private, Co. B, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Charles H. Decker, Private, Co. B, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
McKendree W. Dodge, Serg't, Co. C, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Gilbert B. Lawrence, Private, Co. C, Mortally wounded at Peach Tree Ridge,
Ga., July 20, 1864.
John Houghtaling, Private, Co. D, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Aaron Hoagland, 1st Serg't., Co. F, mortally wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga.,
July 20, 1864.
George W. Miller, Corp., Co. F, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
John Wingert, Private, Co. F, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
George Murray, Corp., Co. F, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Andrew Hanschen, Private, Co. C, killed at Peach Tree Ridge, July 20, 1864.
Robert S. Jacoby, Private, Co. F, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Charles H. Baker, Private, Co. G, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Rufus W. Porter, 1st Sergt., Co. H, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July
Andrew Stickles, Corp., Co. H, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Seymore R. Falkerson, Private, Co. H, mortally wounded at Peach Tree Ridge,
Ga., July 20, 1864.
Amos W. Chapman, Private, Co. H, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Charles G. Reese, Corp., Co. H, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Aaron Dudley, Private, Co. H, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Jonathan French, Private, Co. H, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
Selah Atwell, Private, Co. H, mortally wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July
John Grant, Private, Co. H, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
William M. Roe, Corp., Co. I, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Albert A. Kizer, Private, Co. L, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20,
David N. Dibble, Corp., Co. K, killed at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
Elias B. Hill, Private, Co. K, wounded at Peach Tree Ridge, Ga., July 20, 1864.
John Akers, Corp., Co. K, wounded before Atlanta, Ga., July 28, 1864.
Aaron Loomis, Private, Co. D, wounded before Atlanta, Ga., July 28, 1864.
Richard Gould, Private. Co. G, wounded before Atlanta, Ga., July 28, 1864.
John Pringle, Private, Co. D, wounded before Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 8, 1864.
Lawrence D. Smith, Private, Co. I, killed in skirmish before Atlanta, Ga.,
July 30, 1864.
Jacob Sarine, Private, Co. E, wounded in skirmish before Atlanta, Ga., Aug.
William H. Yeomans, Private, Co. B, wounded at Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 17, 1864.--accidentally
while on foraging expedition.
Headquarters, 143d Regiment, N. Y. V. Infantry,
Station near Savannah, Ga., Jan. 18, 1865.
HEZEKIAH WATKINS, Lt.-Col. Com'dg.
Names of Officers and Enlisted Men of the 143d N. Y. Vols., who were in the
Campaign from Atlanta to Savannah, Ga.:
FIELD AND STAFF.
Hezekiah Watkins, Lieut.-Colonel.
John Higgins, Major.
Rensselaer Hammond, Adjutant.
Edwin C. Howard, R. Q. M.
David Matthews, Surgeon.
William H. Stewart, Assistant Surgeon.
William T. Morgan, Ser'gt-Major.
Seneca W. Perry, Q. M. Sergeant.
George Sturdevant, Com. Sergeant.
August Rambour, Principal Musician.
Charles J. McPherson, do
Wm T Young Capt
Samuel Lord Sergeant
Thos H Litts do
Geo R Wright do
Wm H Myers do
A C Allen Private
W C Allen do
Wm H Ashton do
Jas L Brown do
John Black do
T O Connor do
O F Corby do
Ed Casterline do
E Drennan do
Joseph Pierce 1st Lieut
Wm Laraway Corporal
H M Krum do
G M Atkins do
W D Myers do
Moses Young do
Henry Dice Private
S J Gregory do
C S Hollis do
E Houston do
J Hadden do
J W Joscelyn do
David H Keeler do
Henry Laraway do
James Lord do
Thos. Newman Private
Louis Richards do
A W Smith do
Geo W Travis do
Chas Wright do
Bailey A Keeler do
Chas A Bailey do
Joseph Cammer do
John Cantrell do
Thomas Cantrell do
Abraham Cox do
Geo D Eldridge do
Herman Yorke do
Samuel J Weller do
James Price do
Levi Robertson do
Tobias Sheeley, do
Hezekiah Wood do
William Smith do
H F Taggett do
John Thompson do
D W Whiston do
Peter A Fisher do
Wm J Fisher do
M Laraway do
Wm McMillen do
Geo W Stratton do
Seth A Terry do
Isaac Jelliff 1st Lieut.
David A Wasim Serg't
Renwick Brown do
Robert Cantrell do
Phillip Robinson Corp
Benj F Allyn Musician
U M Brodhead Private
C Bollman do
E Conklin do
A Cromwell do
S H Divine do
Jas Furguson do
Geo W Haines do
Joseph Joiner do
Geo A Kent do
Burr S Kent do
Jacob Kent do
Charles Kent do
Daniel L Kinnie do
James D Morris do
J L Mc Intyre do
George Ralston do
Orrin Travis do
George B Watte do
Rufus Palmer do
James Smith do
Joseph Wright do
John Weber do
Wm R Bennett Captain
Bruce Elmore Serg't
Geo V Mannett do
Henry Eberline do
John W Darbee do
James C Dekay Corporal
A J Coddington do
George Atwell do
Charles Wicks do
W H Newman do
Wm B Brown Private
Asa A Bennett do
Wm P Bennett do
M Coddington do
J Crossman do
S L Dollinay do
C Darbee do
F Denmann do
J G Denniston do
George Furch do
J C Vredenburgh do
H Whittaker do
A A Brown do
Wm Finkle do
J T Gorton do
A Gardner do
J Hornbeck do
G W Hood do
F. Hitt do
P E Lawrence do
W B Lewis do
J E Leslie do
R A Lewis do
James Low do
L Matthews do
R Powell do
O D Rowe do
J W Stuart do
A E Swarthout do
C J Stratton do
Peter G Tripp do
B Terwilliger do
Dewitt C Sprague do
G W Upham do
G W Van Wagner do
L N Stanton Captain
DeWitt Apgar 1st Lieut.
W A Bennett Sergeant
P A Weaver do
D Haliday do
Samuel Merus do
Geo V Order Corporal
T Deschner do
C Fralick do
Henry Shaw do
Albert Bennett Private
Wm Berry do
H Cornelius do
F Conklin do
Wm Crance do
Jas W Davis do
Elias Depew do
J Haughtailing do
J C Holley do
C Hendershott do
N C Johnson do
A S Jacobs do
J H Matthews do
Barney Mellon do
W McWilliams do
George Myers do
Chester Morgan do
C B Personias do
Aaron Poyer do
Chas Randolph do
J H Stewart do
Chas Schyver do
George Trew do
O V Valkenbergh do
Nelson White do
A Breitenbucher do
Edwin Curtis do
John Collins do
A B Havens do
*C Layton do
Lewis Stevens do
Timothy Turney do
T Slocum do
Samuel Wood do
* Captured on March to Savannah, Dec., 9, 1864.
J F Anderson Captain
C A Smith 1st Lieut.
J A Lichenberg 1st Serg't
F F Bennett Sergeant
A A Race do
M W Race Corporal
E Schoonmaker do
H Adams do
H J Reynolds do
R Pollock Wagoner
I J Bennett Private
Jacob Bennett do
T Barber do
C L Breece do
Elisha Clark do
Miles Clark do
J Cuddington do
Wm Dunlap do
Wm Davis do
Chas DeGroot do
M B Galloway do
S S Graham do
J L Knapp do
D W Masten do
H C McLaughlin do
P Mc Govern do
Samuel Reed do
Lewis Skinner do
G W Scott do
T Skinner do
S C Shaw do
L W Tarket do
A Terwilliger do
J S Wade do
E H Pinney Captain
Dwight Divine 1st Lieut.
Geo Anderson 1st Serg't.
J M benedict Corporal
G Swarthout do
A Blackman do
G W Parker do
J Bugebee Wagoner
John Briner Private
F A Biffer do
Fred Birri do
A Brady do
W H Brown do
O A Baird do
E R Cook do
Henry Coons do
J De Witt do
A H Ferdon do
Olando Fuller do
Chas Hardie do
N Huber do
Ulrick Huber do
J D Ferdon do
David Fraser Serg't
J S Beattie do
Geo Albee Corporal
Lewis Hitt Private
Charles Jackson do
T Lied do
Wm Mitchell do
John Priestly do
James Rose do
Wm Rose do
Caleb Rose do
J Trimper do
A J Thompson do
H Van Arx do
P Van Tassell do
H Yankee do
Granger Hill do
John Hoffer do
E A Hansie do
L Siebecker do
Henry Miller Corporal
J A Conklin Private
B Reynolds Captain
R W Hardenbergh 1st Lt
Peter Kellan 1st Serg't
T Delaney Sergeant
M Chandler do
D Johnson do
A P Budd Corporal
T Doolittle do
L Tompkins do
C S McWilliams Musician
S Allen Private
T E Boyle do
J H Babcock do
P C Billings do
C Carpenter do
J Cramer do
A W Chandler do
J W Clark do
W Cook do
J Davis do
D Corton do
A B Hull do
J Hazen do
RC Hendrickson do
J P Hosie do
W Knapp do
S Near do
G W Osterhout do
W Robertson do
H Turner do
W H Reynolds do
C J Shields do
J Gorton do
S Laning captured on march to Savannah Dec. 9th
G H Decker Captain
A H Brown 2d Lt
C S Fisk Sergeant
W D Annis Corporal
J H Grant do
A Murray do
S Armstrong Private
I Brace do
H Bardon do
S Barnhart do
W Bradley do
G W Burton do
E H Baker do
G W Benson do
J H Benton do
G Barnhart do
G H Caulkins do
L Conklin do
J Caulkins do
W H Campbell do
M Conklin do
T D Collins do
G Clark do
W M Rose do
J E Shafer do
S Sprague do
C Sheeley do
S Slater do
W Smith do
H Ward Sergeant
W Cole Corporal
M Decker do
G W Decker Private
G M Ellis do
W Force do
W Gord do
S W Gillet do
E H Huntington do
S H Stevens do
H Hector do
B Kniffen do
J D Lair do
J Lewis do
S Lewis do
J W Morse do
F Moffatt do
E McKellips do
J B Marvine do
O Porter do
H E Rose do
S B Rose do
G Rose do
G Rose do
C C Whipple do
A Woodword do
G Waring do
J Ward do
E C Young do
H Marvine Captain
W Hill 1st Lt
H H Hemingway 1st Sergt
E Hilderbrant Sergt
O A Bates Corporal
L Robinson do
C Arnold Private
W Baldwin do
G R Ballard do
D D Davenport do
W Edsall do
W Fisher do
C Hemingway do
J Kyzer do
D Nash do
B P Starr do
J W Shafer do
H Shaw do
G Woodmancy do
P E Palen 1st Lt
A B Gordon 1st Sergeant
D A Bedford Sergeant
G W Davenport Corp
W Bessmer do
P Marrold do
W H Hill Musician
J Brining Private
G L Bamper do
J R Calkins do
J Hill do
S Keesler do
C B Layton do
C Lent do
M McGuey do
H Lilly do
R Ferguson do
B D Dexter do
C L Baird Sergeant
W V Woodruff Corp
W Keesler do
C Osterhout Private
J Powell do
J Pendergrass do
J H Quick do
H VanWagner do
L Swalm do
B Boults do
P Cornell do
P Conner Jr do
J H Hendrickson do
J A Foster do
H L Miller do
A Sutton do
W Tyler do
P Muck captured on march to Savannah Nov. 19th.
Names of Officers and Enlisted men who remained on account of wounds.
P Buckley 1st Sergeant D Darling Private
F W Burns Private L J Kanise do
T Bates do N V Lent do
E R Cantrell do A Lohman do
J W Lounsbery do G W Purvis do
J H Jaycox Corporal S L Crosby Private
C D Decker Private W H Yyeomans do
J R Groe 1st Lt Mc K N Dodge Sergeant
G W Gross Private J D Gordon Private
I Morgan do
E Fralick Private J Pringle Private
J WC Pierce Private.
G Miller Sergeant J Long Private
G Murray do J Wingert do
R E Jacoby Private
N W Thomas Corporal C H Baker Private
J Brown Private R Gould do
V H Miller do
R W Porter 1st Sergeant J Crary Sergeant
C G Reese Corporal J French Corporal
A Stickels do A Dudley Private
W M Roe Corporal
J Akens Corporal J A Lent Private
E B Hill Private B P Williams do
Headquarters, 143d N. Y. Vols. Station, Near Savannah, Ga., Jan. 10th, 1865.
HEZEKIAH WATKINS, Lt-Col. Com'dg
MONTICELLO, N. Y. FEB. 15, 1865.
More Volunteers Wanted
For the 143d Regiment!
That I may stand squarely before the friends and relatives of the men who
volunteered under my command, at the President's previous call, and to show
why I am not sharing with them the discomforts of a camp life and the dangers
of an active campaign, I offer the following explanations:
I received authority from the Governor of this State to recruit and subsist
an independent company, which when organized was to be attached to the 143d
Regiment N. Y. St. Vols. I believed it to be judicious to have the volunteers
subsisted in the regular way and forwarded as soon as enlisted to the Provost
Marshal's, 11th district, requesting that they should be kept together until
organized into a company, less the number of men that were advised to leave
me by unscrupulous persons. Had it not been for the carnival held by the brokers
at Goshen, and the assistance they received from certain citizens in this town,
whom the people have cause remember, this explanation would not have been necessary.
After enlisting eighty one men, and with difficulty procuring certificates
from the Provost Marshal of their enlistment, I went to Hart's Island, and
to my surprise learned that my independent company had been split up into detachments.
A few had been forwarded to the Regiment; some had been placed on permanent
duty on the Island, and according to Lieut. McDonnelly's statement, some of
them had skedaddled between Goshen and dart's Island, or had received a twelve
months furlough from a committee of brokers. Out of over one hundred men
enlisted for the 143d Regiment, only regular channel to the War Department:
HEAD QUARTERS 143D N. Y. V.
Near Purysburgh, S. C.,
January 22, 1865.
L. Thomas, Adjutant General:
I have the honor to request that authority may be granted for the muster of
Edwin Bruen, as Captain in Co. B, 143d N. Y. Vols. I make the application for
the following reasons:
August 24th, 1864; he was authorized by the Governor of New York to raise an
independent company to be attached, to this Regiment, and was at that time
conditionally mustered by H. B. Reed, 1st Lt. 5 U. S. A r t y (See authorization
and muster endorsed, marked A.) A company of eighty one (81) men was raised,
and a commission issued to him as Captain, October 19, 1864, by the Gov. of
N. Y. The certificate of the District Provost Marshal is attached (marked B.)
showing that these men were recruited for Mr. Bruen's organization. They were
forwarded to my regiment as having been recruited by the District Provost Marshal,
and were assigned to different companies before notification of his appointment
as Captain reached the Regiment.
Mr. Bruen started to join the Regiment Nov. 12, 1864; was put on duty
at Nashville; thence ordered to Chattanooga and Cleveland, Tenn., the Regiment
meantime having left Atlanta in its march to the coast. He returned to Washington,
and has today reached the Regiment above Savannah.
There are two vacant captancies in the Regiment, in Companies B. and K.; but
not a sufficient number of men in either to authorize a muster.
I beg leave to request that special permission be granted for his muster as
Captain in Company B., to date from his conditional muster, Aug. 24, 1864,
or that such other action be taken in his case as to the Department of War
seems just. I am very respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
Lt. Col. com'd'g Regiment.
CAPTAIN BRUEN WANTS!
Union of hearts and union of hands.—Yes, a glorious Union forever, from
the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. But how are we to bring about this happy
state of affairs in the present disorder of the country? A nation divided against
itself, how shall it stand? We have the power in the North to settle this unhappy
quarrel, with the assistance of a few more brave volunteers; their duty in
the field for no less a purpose than to insist at the point of the bayonet
upon the disaffected states rejoining us and assisting in the race for national
importance, and helping us to become the free and greatest nation on the earth.
We want not the volunteers who grudgingly girds on the armor; but volunteers
who rally gladly, and rushing to the battle cry, liberty to the manacled and
freedom for all men. These are the men we desire.
Brave hearts, and strong arms from every town in the county, we need you one
and all. Will you not join us in the struggle and come off with us wearing
as an evergreen in memory the bright laurels you won as one among the many
who restored peace and unity to the disordered land that Washington bequeathed
us as a free and happy country. In after years when we gather around our happy
firesides, we can with satisfaction relate to the dear ones how we bravely
answered to the call of our country, to prove that no body of men may arise,
and overthrow our government.
I trust we will not need you long; but we need you immediately. Many of you
perhaps have ties to bind you to your home, and for the safety of that home
will you not help to end this cruel war?
Sooner or later we must have men. Will you not come freely?
Brave men in the field are calling to us to join the one hundred and forty
third to fight with them.
See where this regiment has been, and in history let your names be mingled
with the gallant one hundred and forty third.
The regiment was transferred from the army of the Potomac to the Western army
under Grant; previous to the battle of Chattanooga, in which Lt. Col.
Taft was killed in Nov., 1863. Since these battles it has been under the command
Gen. Sherman, in the Knoxville campaign of the winter of 1863; in the campaign
from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and in its march through central Georgia from
Atlanta to Savannah.—Starting from Washington, it has been within twelve
miles of Richmond, and on the borders of North Carolina, and going nearly around,
and entirely thro' the so called confederacy, it is now in South Carolina.
It has been through the battles of Nansemund, Wauhatchie, Lookout Mountain,
Chattanooga, the Knoxville Campaign, Ressecca, Dallas, Kenevau Mountain, Culpepper
Farm, Peach Tree Ridge, Atlanta and Savannah.
It is not an honor to be one or them? and is not the memory of their victories
a badge worth treasuring in every heart?
CAPT. EDWIN BRUEN,
143d Reg., N. Y. State Voll's.
DEPARTURE OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-THIRD NEW-YORK FOR HART'S ISLAND.
At 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, the One Hundred and Forty-third New-York,
Brevet Brig.-Gen. Horace BOWTAN, left for hart's Island to be paid off. On
their way to the boat, the regiment halted in front of the Astor House, and
saluted Gen. Hooker, their old commander. The event drew together a great
crowd of citizens, who wished to hear and see Gen. Hooker. The General came
out on the steps of the hotel, and in answer to the hearty cheers of the
men drawn up in line before him, spoke as follows:
GENERAL, OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-THIRD NEW-YORK: I cannot
speak to you amidst this great noise. I cannot make myself heard. I can only
say to you that I rejoice to see you once more; that I rejoice to see you thus
coming home laden with honor and fame safe from the perils of war. I cannot
be heard and can only give you welcome through the voice of the great multitude,
and I intend with their help to give you three of the loudest cheers ever heard
in this great city.
The General, taking off his hat, led the people in three glorious cheers, which
were answered by the One Hundred and Forty-third New-York with roll of drum
and colors drooped. As the regiment turned to go down Broadway, three more
cheers were given by the boys for their old General, who said:
GENERAL: I wish I could be heard while I told your history, (cries of "Go
on,") but I cannot. The history of your gallant regiment is the history
of the East and West combined. [Cheers.] Come and see me, General when you
get fixed, and bring all your officers.
Turning to those gentlemen standing near him, Gen. HOOKER said: "I wish
there was some quiet place where could meet these men. Why, that regiment was
with me at Lookout Mountain and all through the campaign before Atlanta. It
has a noble history."
The regiment went down Broadway, cheering right lustily for their favorite
commander, and a bystander remarked, "all the boys love old Joe," which
was the signal for several officers and citizens to press around the hero of
Lookout Mountain and shake the hand that directed the "battle above the
clouds." After exchanging some few civilities with his old companions
in arms, the General retreated to his room and the crowd dispersed.
(N. Y. Times - July 5, 1865)
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
March 25, 2007