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146th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Halleck Infantry; Fifth Oneida; Garrard's Tigers

History

Mustered in: October 10,1862
Mustered out: July 16, 1863

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Mr. Henry S. Armstrong received authority, August 25, 1862, to recruit this regiment in Oneida county; it was organized at Rome, with Kenner Garrard as Colonel; and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years October 10, 1862. It received by transfer the three years' men of the 5th and 17th Infantry May 4 and June 25, 1863, respectively; a few men, who had originally been members of the 2d, 9th, 16th, 18th, 30th, 34th and 37th Infantry, in January and April, 1864; and some of the men of the 44th not mustered out with their regiment, October 11, 1864.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Utica; B at Vernon, Rome and Annsville; C at Utica and Rome; D at Boonville, Hawkinsville, Rome and Whitestown; E at Camden, Augusta, Rome, Utica and Marshall; F at Utica, Lee, Rome, Florence, Annsville, Ava, Marcy and Whitestown; G at Clinton, Kirkland, Bridgewater and Plainfield; H at Utica, Rome and Sangerfield; I at Trenton, Remsen, Western, Westmoreland, Steuben, Lowell, Rome, Vernon and Verona, and K at Paris, Clayville, Utica, Marcy, Clinton, Deansville, Marshall and Whitesboro.
The regiment left the State October 11, 1862; it served in Casey's Division, defenses of Washington, from October, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, from November 6, 1862; in the 1st Brigade, 5th Division, 5th Corps, from March, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, from June 6, 1864; and, commanded by Col. James J. G. Grindlay, it was honorably discharged and mustered out, July 16, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 81 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 4 officers, 46 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 187 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 314 enlisted men; aggregate, 323; of whom 1 officer, 87 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Forty-sixth infantry.—Cols., Kenner Garrard, David T.. Jenkins, James Grindlay; Lieut-Cols., David T. Jenkins, William S. Corning, Jesse J. Armstrong, Henry H. Curran, James Grindlay, Peter Claesgens; Majs., David T. Jenkins, William S. Corning, Henry H. Curran, James Grindlay, Peter Claesgens, Isaac P. Powell. The 146th, known as the 5th Oneida, or Garrard's Tigers, recruited in the county of Oneida, was organized at Rome, and there mustered into the U. S. service for three years on Oct. 10, 1862. In May and June, 1863, it received by transfer the three years' men of the 5th (the famous Duryee Zouaves) and the 17th N. Y. infantry, and in 1864, a few additions from the 2nd, 9th, 16th, 8th, 30th, 34th, 37th and 44th N. Y. The regiment left the state on Oct. 11, 1862, for Washington and in November, joined the Army of the Potomac at Snicker's gap, Va., where it was placed in Warren's (3d) brigade, Sykes' (2nd) division, 5th corps, a division chiefly composed of regulars. It marched with this command to Fredericksburg, where it fought its first battle, losing 1 mortally wounded and 17 missing or captured. At Chancellorsville the regiment suffered heavily on the first day of the fight and acquitted itself with honor, losing 50 killed, wounded and missing, and at Gettysburg it again fought gallantly, losing 28 killed and wounded. Col. Garrard was made brigadier-general for gallant conduct at Gettysburg. The regiment participated with little loss in the subsequent Virginia campaigns, ending with that of Mine Run, being present at Rappahannock and Bristoe Stations. Col. Fox in his account of this regiment says: "The regiment encountered its severest fighting at the battle of the Wilderness, May , 1864, where it suffered a terrible loss, not only in killed and wounded, but in captured men. Col. Jenkins and Maj. Curran were killed in that bloody encounter, while the total loss of the regiment was 20 killed, 67 wounded and 225 captured or missing. In 865, the regiment was in Winthrop's (1st) brigade, Ayres' (2nd) division, and was prominently engaged in that command at the battles of White Oak road, and Five Forks, Gen. Winthrop being killed in the latter engagement while leading a successful charge of the brigade. The 146th was well drilled and at one time wore a conspicuous Zouave uniform. Gen. Joseph Hayes, its last brigade commander, in taking leave of the regiment wrote: associated for a long time with the infantry of the regular army, the 146th yields the palm to none'." The regiment took part in a number of important battles among which were Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Williamsport, Md., Wilderness, Spottsylvania (including the engagements at Piney Branch Church, Laurel Hill and Gayle's house), North Anna, Totopotomy, Cold Harbor, siege of Petersburg, Weldon railroad, White Oak ridge and Five Forks. It was also present at Rappahannock Station, Bristoe Station, White Oak swamp, Poplar Spring Church, Hatcher's run and Appomat-tox, the loss in the final Appomattox campaign, being 65 killed, wounded and missing. Commanded by Col. Grindlay, the regiment was mustered out near Washington, D. C., July 16, 1865. Its total enrollment during service was 1,707, of whom 7 officers and 126 men were killed and mortally wounded; 2 officers and 187 men died of disease and other causes, a total of 324, of whom 1 officer and 87 men died in the hands of the enemy.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Monument at Gettysburg

Warren Monument

Historical Sketch

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

146th Infantry Regiment Camp Color - Early War 146th Infantry Regiment Camp Color - Early War

146th Infantry Regiment Camp Color - Late War 146th Infantry Regiment Camp Color - Late War

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to int-historians@ng.army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

The 146th Regiment : its record from 1862 to 1865 as kept by one of its members. Rome, N.Y. : s.n., 1870-1879. 4 p. ; 28 cm.
Available at Hamilton College.

Avery, John. "Yankee letters from Andersonville prison." Edited by Spencer B. King, Jr. Georgia Historical Quarterly XXXVIII (1954) 394-8.

Barnes, James. Correspondence, 1862-1865.
Chiefly his correspondence to his wife, Catherine Barnes (1862-1865). Other correspondents to Mrs. Barnes are William T. Tull, chaplain at the Washington Street Hospital and Arthur B. Johnson.
52 items.

Brainard, Mary Genevie Green. Campaigns of the One hundred and forty-sixth regiment New York state volunteers, also known as Halleck's infantry, the Fifth Oneida, and Garrard's tigers. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1915.

Case, A. P. (A. Pierson) and Patrick A. Schroeder. The Highest praise of gallantry : memorials of David T. Jenkins & James E. Jenkins of the 146th New York Infantry & Oneida Cavalry. Daleville, Va. Schroeder Publications, 2001, 1889.

Case, A Peirson. Notes on the taking and holding of Little Round Top at Gettysburg. Movements of the 146th N.Y. vols. on the field of Gettysburg, July 2, 3, 4 and 5, 1863. [Vernon, 1886].

Curran, Henry H. BrakeColl.
(Capt's acct of Gettysburg).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Erdman, Albert. "A Chaplain's experiences." In War talks of Morristown veterans. Morristown: N. J.: 1887.

Faulkner, William. Tuttle Papers.
(Enlisted man's letters, Nov 15, 1862-Dec 1, 1864).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Fisher, John and Fisher, Theodore.  Correspondence, 1863-1865.
Handwritten letters. Six of the items were written by John Fisher, while three were written by his brother, Theodore. John and Theodore tell about their experiences in the Army of the Potomac.
9 items.
Located at Brigham Young University.

Flandrau, Thomas M. First reunion of the 146th regiment, N.Y. Vols., August 5, 1886. Rome, N.Y.: Beers & Kessinger,1886. 20 p. 24 cm.

Fowler, Philemon Halstead. Memorials of William Fowler. New York: Anson D. F. Randolph & co., 1875.

Grindlay, James Glass. "The 146th New York at Little Round Top." Battles and leaders of the Civil War III 315.

Grube, Harry T. "146th New York Volunteer Infantry, 1863-1865." Military Collector & Historian. 22 :2 (Summer 1970). 56-57.

Kennedy, Eric. "Oneida County and Waterville in The Civil War." The Waterville Times. July 8 and August 5, 2009.

Lambie, Gavin Allen. The Gavin Allen Lambie papers,, 1862-1863.
1 box.
Contains the following type of materials: correspondence. Contains information pertaining to the following war: Civil War -- Eastern Theater. Contains information pertaining to the following military unit: 196th New York Infantry Regiment. General description of the collection: The Gavin Allen Lambie papers include officer's letters to friends and sister Jeannette Carter, describes raising of regiment, transfer from Oneida County, defense of Washington, battle of Fredericksburg, the "Mud March" and its outcome, personal health of author; letters from brother John to sister telling of Gavin's death due to illness from the "Mud March."
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Livingstone, Charles Brandegee. Charlie's civil war : a private's trial by fire in the 5th New York Volunteers-Duryee Zouaves and 146th New York Volunteer Infantry. Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, c1997.

McAfee, Michael J. "146th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 1863-1865." Military uniforms in America : Long Endure: The Civil War Period, 1852-1867. San Rafael, CA: Presidio Press, 3 of 4 1982. 68-69.

Morgan, John Hunt. The Squire & Chester Tuttle papers, 1861-1864.
Contains the following types of materials: correspondence, diary, casualty list, research papers. Contains information pertaining to the following war and time period: Civil War -- Eastern Theater, -- Gulf. Contains information pertaining to the following military units and organizations: 81st New York Infantry Regiment, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery, 110th New York Infantry Regiment, 189th New York Infantry Regiment, 146th New York Infantry Regiment, 15th New York Engineer Regiment, 14th U.S. Veteran Reserve Regiment. General description of the collection: The Squire and Chester Tuttle papers include 1864 diary and letters of Squire N. Tuttle, 81st New York Infantry; letters of Chester Tuttle, 81st New York Infantry; Phineas H. Castle and Seymour Smith, both 189th New York Infantry; George Perry, Chicago Mercantile Battery; Makendree E. Rowley, 110th New York Infantry; William P. Faulkner, 146th New York Infantry; college research papers on John Hunt Morgan and Battle of Gettysburg.
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

North, Edward. Memorial of Henry Hastings Curran, Lieutenant-Colonel of the One hundred and forty- sixth regiment of the New York state volunteers. Albany: Joel Munsell, 1867.

Schroeder, Patrick A. "The Highest Praise of Gallantry": the Memorials of David J. Jenkins and James E. Jenkins. Daleville, VA: Schroeder Publications, 2001.

Shepard, Norton C. Out of the wilderness : the Civil War memoir of Corporal Norton C. Shepard, 146th New York Volunteer Infantry. Hamilton, N.Y. Edmonston Pub, 1998.

Williams, George Forester. Civil War soldier life : in camp & battle. Brookneal, VA: Patrick A. Schroeder Publications, 1998.

Williams, George Forrester. "Crossing the lines." Blue and Gray I, (1893). 121-6.

Wright, Benjamin Franklin. "From the Wilderness to Richmond." Mollus-Minn. II 7-37.

Wright, William. Manuscript, 1896.
Unbound handwritten manuscript of "Personal recollections of my military service in the 146th regiment, N.Y. Volunteers, during the war of rebellion," by William Wright of Utica, Oneida County, New York, regimental adjutant, dated September 1862-May 1864. Written for his son, Arthur Mower Wright, in 1896. Detailed accounts of his enlisting; army life; personal experiences; engagements at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, et al.; being wounded; recuperation; etc.
1 item (204 p.) ; 6 x 9 in.
Located at the New York Historical Society, New York, NY.

 

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: June 16, 2011
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/146thInf/146thInfMain.htm

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