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14th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
First Oneida County Regiment


Mustered in: May 17, 1861
Mustered out: May 24,1863

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. James McQuade, was accepted by the State and received its numerical designation May 8, 1861; was organized at Albany and there mustered in the service of the United States for two years May 17, 1861. The three years' men of the regiment were, in May, 1863, assigned to the New York Battalion of Volunteers, but June 24, 1863, transferred to the 44th, and a few to the 140th N. Y. Volunteers.
The companies were recruited principally: A— Utica Citizens' Corps — B, C and E, at Utica; F at Boonville, Forestport and Port Leyden; G at Rome; H at Syracuse; I at Lowville, and K at Hudson.
The regiment left the State June 17, 1861; served at Washington, D. C, from June 20, 1861; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, from July, 1861; in Morrell's Brigade, Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in same brigade and division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, from May, 1862; and, commanded by Colonel McQuade, it was honorably discharged and mustered out at Utica May 22, 23 and 24, 1863.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 35 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 21 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 44 enlisted men; total, 4 officers, 100 enlisted men; aggregate, 104; of whom 1 officer, 6 enlisted men, died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Fourteenth Infantry.—Col., James McQuade. Lieut.-Cols., Charles A. Johnson, Charles H. Skillon, Thomas M. Davies; Majs., Charles H. Skillon, Charles B. Young, Thomas M. Davies, Lewis Michaels. The 14th, known as the 1st Oneida county regiment, was organized at Utica and contained five companies from that city, one from Rome, one from Boonville, one from Syracuse, one from Lowville and one from Hudson. It was mustered into the U. S. service at Albany, May 17, 1861, for a two years' term, and. left the state for Washington on June 18. For a month it was stationed on Meridian hill and on July 22 was assigned to the 1st brigade, 2nd division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, then encamped on Arlington heights. Winter quarters were established on .Miner's hill and on March 13, 1862, the 14th was transferred to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 3d corps, Army of the Potomac, and served with that brigade in the Peninsular campaign until May, when it became a part of the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 5th provisional corps. It bore a prominent part in the Seven Days' battles, 125 members being among the dead and wounded at Malvern hill. Camp at Harrison's landing followed and then the Maryland campaign,. in which the regiment was held in reserve during the bloody battle of Antietam. It was again active at Fred-ericksburg, with a loss of 35 killed, wounded and missing, after which it spent a quiet winter in camp near Falmouth and upon the expiration of its term of service was mustered out at Utica, May 24, 1863. The three years' men were transferred to the 44th and later to the 140th N. Y. The total loss of the regiment during its term of service was 85 by death from wounds, and 44 from other causes.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics

Civil War Newspaper Clippings
This is also available in PDF format. These are large files; however, they are exact images of the pages.
      Pages 1 - 10
      Pages 11 - 20
      Pages 21 - 30
      Pages 31 - 40
      Pages 41 - 50
      Pages 51 - 60
      Pages 61 - 70
      Pages 71 - 80
      Pages 81 - 90
      Pages 91 - 100
      Page 101
      Page 102

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

"From the Tribune's Special Correspondent, Camp at Berkley's Landing, Va." Republican Advocate, Batavia, Genesee County, New York: Tuesday, July 15-1862. page 1.
Camp at estate; home of former Benj. Harrison, signer of Declaration of Independence; description of Harrison's Landing; Incidents of battles; week's events.

Haerrer, William. With drum and gun in '61, a narrative of the adventures of William Haerrer of the Fourteenth New York state volunteers (Colonel James McQuade, commanding), in the War for the Union, from 1861 to 1863. Greenville, Pa.: Beaver print, co., 1908.

"The original muster roll of the 14th regiment, May 1861 [muster out roll of Company K and other articles occasioned by the reunion, May 17, 1897.]" The Hudson Sunday Journal. May 16, 1897.

Reception of the Oneida volunteers at the City of New York. New York: Geo. F. Nesbit & co., 1861.

Terry, Robert M. Military record. War reminiscences. War correspondence. In his, A home record of historical sketches pertaining to the City of Hudson, 1894. p. 185-223.

Thomas, Howard. Boys in Blue from the Adirondack foot hills. Prospect: Prospect Books, 1960.


New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: February 14, 2019

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