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184TH REGIMENT
NEW YORK STATE VOLUNTEERS
PRESS OF R. J. OLIPHANT
OSWEGO, N. Y.
An Address
PREPARED BY
WARDWELL G. ROBINSON,
LATE COLONEL COMMANDING
AND DELIVERED BY HIM AT THE REGIMENTAL REUNION HELD AT
OSWEGO FALLS, OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK
JUNE 5, 1895

Appendices

 

Appendix A
Roster of the 184th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Appendices provided by Thomas J. Ebert

APPENDIX AA
Report of Col. J. Warren Keifer, Commander, Third Division, Battle of Cedar Creek

APPENDIX BB
REPORT OF MAJ. WILLIAM D. FERGUSON, 184TH NY VOLUNTEERS, BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK

APPENDIX CC
DEFENSES OF BERMUDA HUNDRED, DECEMBER 31, 1864

APPENDIX DD
The poem, Sheridan’s Ride by Thomas B. Reed

APPENDIX EE
The Description of Sheridan’s Ride by Pvt. Hiram Dutcher, “D” Company, 184th NY Volunteers given in the Oswego Daily Palladium, April 6, 1898

APPENDIX FF
An article from the September 27, 1864 Oswego Commercial Times

APPENDIX GG
An undated article in the Oswego Commercial Times concerning the battle of Cedar Creek

APPENDIX HH
A letter dated November 4, 1864 from Colonel Robinson to the Oswego Commercial Times

APPENDIX JJ
An article from the Oswego Daily Palladium dated November 27, 1897 regarding the discovery of Lieut. Phillips’ revolver in New Orleans.

APPENDIX A
MUSTER ROLL OF THE 184TH REGIMENT

FIELD AND STAFF

WARDWELL G. ROBINSON, Colonel
WILLIAM P. MCKINLEY, Lt. Colonel
WILLIAM D. FERGUSON, Major
HOWARD M SMITH, Adjutant
JOHN DUNN JR., Quartermaster
NELSON R. BARNER, Surgeon
THEODORE S. KINNIE, Assistant Surgeon
JACOB POST, Chaplain

Note--- The names of some of the enlisted men of the regiment seem to be mis-spelled but they are here reproduced as they appear upon the authentic muster-in rolls. It has not been deemed advisable at this late day to attempt corrections.

Rosters are not in alphabetical order.

COMPANY A

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

Joel S. Palmer, Captain
Cheever P. Strong, First Lieutenant
Marquis L. Branch, Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Allen, Otis J. Carey, James
Appenssller, Frederick Chiney, Almon W.
Bailey, George B. Cole, Orlando
Booth, Storrs Coon, Amos L.
Breeds, Edward Coe, John P.
Bailey, George Carter, Leonard S.
Bennett, Jeremiah J. Deisser, Henry Clay
Babcock, Abel Dorey, Albert H.
Baker, Richard Drake, Lewis
Brown, William Dings, Ezra
Blanchard, G. W. Distin, John W.
Brown, Edward A. Dutton, Edwin C.
Collins, Franklin Elmer, Charles
Clark, Albert E. Eldred, Peter E.
Emmerick, W. Arthur Rice, Charles C.
Fish, Andrew W. Ricketts, Frank
Frost, Nelson Rowlee, Virgil
Goss, Icabod Rowley, Alonzo B.
Gaspar, Joseph S. Rice, Eber G. C.
Gilbert, Andrus L. Sherman, Hiram
Goodness, Peter Searles, Alrinza
Hewett, Charles Squires, Francis W.
Howard, Samuel P. Sherman, Casswell
Hamilton, Charles H. Smith, Charles R.
Harris, Levi E. Stoughtenger, Aaron
Hale, Henry Stoughtenger, David
Ingersoll, Byron T. Stoughtenger, Andrew
Juno, Joseph Smith, Peter
Jenkins, William Southworth, Theodore J.
Jenkins, Benjamin F. Springer, Christopher
Kellogg, George B. Skeel, Munroe
Kelly, Sylvester F. Skeel, Francis A.
Lewis, Truman W. Smith, Alfred
Llamay, Lewis Scott, David W.
Lawless, Charles Tottingham, Joseph
McDougal, William W. Tallon, Luke
Mason, George W. Visgar, William
Morrow, James Victory, William H.
Outkirk, Abram Victory, James P.
Osborn, Anson J. Visgar, William P.
Patterson, Norton Woodsen, Tucker
Parkhurst, Dwight Ward, George M.
Parsons, George W. Washer, Francis J.
Patrick, John Youmans, Amos
Palmer, Nelson Youmans, Henry

COMPANY B

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

William S. Morse Captain
Cheever P. Strong First Lieutenant
Marquis L. Branch Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Alger, George Blackwood, William
Allen, James Bowne, Elijah
Aylsworth, Albert F. Barnes, Noble T.
Bush, Milton H. Cliff, Charles
Butwell, Mark Coon, Lyman S.
Coon, David McGraw, Thomas
Cummins, Justis Maxson, John
Carson, Alonzo A. Moore, William I.
Coe, Calvin S. Morse, Orville M.
Duboise, John Monahan, John
Dick, Adolph Mason, Albert P.
Donovan, Daniel McCauley, Charles
Edwards. Milton B. Perce, Daniel M.
Fetherly, Marcus Perce, Henry B.
Foster, Llewellyn Peuvey, George S.
Forristol, Robert Parkhurst, Rosell
Garrison, Martin Pearson, James
Gifford, George Parmentier, Louis
Gates, William H. Reed, George W.
Haley, Michael Rogers, William A.
Hammond, Lucius Rhinehart, James H.
Hall, George Raven, Isaac W.
Hildebrant, William Redhead, Richard
Himes, Alanson M. Roony, Peter
Hammond, James Ross, William H.
Hartigan, Daniel D. Spaulding, Scott W.
Jones, William H. Stillwell, Charles T.
Johnson, William I. Schuyler, John R.
Kelso, David Snyder, Edwin
Kinney, Lyman R. Smith, Orrin F.
Kennady, John Strawbeck, Metras
Kennady, Jospeh P. Wilks, Charles A.
Lamoree, Andrew J. Wright, David C.
Lewis, William I. Walrod, Nathan R.
Maxson, John A. Wybourn, Lester E.
Middleton, John Woolson, Charles H.
Maddison, Wesley Woods, Thomas H.

COMPANY C

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

James W. Parkhurst Captain
George A. Leonard First Lieutenant
David Bothwell Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Adams, William Kipp, Otis A.
Baker, Monroe G. Kennedy, Thomas
Byrne, Andrew Lester, Charles A.
Baker, Henry Lockwood, Horace
Baxter, John A. Lockwood, Reuben
Brackett, James W. Lasher, Abner E.
Broza, Samuel L. Leclere, James C.
Bishop, Nelson J. Lasher, James H.
Brown, Augustus Morehouse, James H.
Buck, Carlisle T. Matterson, Wellington
Carter, William Montgomery, James
Cochran, Henry Martin, James H.
Crowfoot, John C. Meade, Ezra
Clark, William S. Miller, John W.
Cole, James A. Newell, Chancy A.
Campbell, Samuel S. O’Niel, John
Cole, Paren S. Peck, Samule
Campbell, Commodore P. Prosser, James H.
Colby, William D. Peckham, Henry A.
Draper, Alfred Patchin, Bryon
Draper, James Perkins, John A.
Drake, Edward Palmer, George W.
Edwards, Timothy C. Pulssifer, George
Fox, Charles H. Quoance, James M.
Ferry, Aron Robinson, John
Fineout, Abram W. Rose, Ugene
Frent, Stephen Snyder, John H.
Fender, Robert S. Skinner, J. H.
Gallaway, William H. Southworth, Hiram D.
Green, John Southard, Henry
Gillett, Austin Smith, George
Hulett, Almon Simmons, Norman D.
Hornpe, Anthony P. Sabine, Albert H.
Hull, Oren H. Stephenson, William
Heald, Zachary Stephenson, William R.
Horton, Johnathon, Jr. Stanton, Isaac R.
Helmer, Philip H. Shutts, Alfred
Hall, George Tagul, James
Holley, Richard Taggart, William
Horton, Daniel M. Tilson, Charles E.
Upcraft, George Wilson, James G.
Upcraft, Charles Wood, Burnice
Wheeler, Albert B. Walker, Alva H.

COMPANY D

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

Syleverster R. Town Captain
Augustus Philips First Lieutenant
Joel H. Warn Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Alvord, John W. Gilligan, John
Allard, John Hall, Dewit
Albro, Samuel C. Hall, Andrew J.
Allen, Henry R. Hall, Horace
Burns, Patrick Hoglen, John
Bradley, James Hewitt, William
Bockus, Andrew Hall, Lorenzo
Bowne, Robert R. Kingsley, Adson
Bourk, Michael Kirvey, Joseph
Bonney, Elon G. Keife, John
Barbour, George G. Laying, Charles
Cook, Charles O. Leonard, Alonzo S.
Chambers, Edwin Lippencott, Samuel
Clarke, William B. Miles, Josiah
Carl, E. A. Miles, John
Cole, George Menway, Joseph
Dutcher, Hiram McIntire, Jacob
Dissley, George Moran, Alfred
Dutcher, George McGann, Thomas
Daley, Thomas Marrion, John
Doolittle, Lewis G. McGuire, Thomas
Duffy, Peter McGraw, William
Everetts, Andrew J. O’Neil, Michael
Ferries, Caleb G. Opp, James
Fulton, Thomas Plummer, William H.
Fish, Rial Perceival, Whitmore
Flanegan, Joseph Parrant, George W.
Fairtile, William M. Parker, James
Farrell, William Parker, George
Fenner, George B. Pepper, James
Garvey, Henry Ryan, William
Gilbert, Xavier Sabin, John P.
Geisel, Ludwick Stoughenger, Aaron H.
Gilford, Edwin S. Sharp, Benson
Shapley, Dunham C. Tallman, James
Sharp, Ryerson Tourot, George
Stahtnecker, Jacob Tifft, Milo H.
Stowell, Hugh Vaughn, Chauncey E.
Stewart, Walter D. Wilt, Andrew
Stevens, J. Howard Whitney, Heziciah M.
Tappen, James Wentworth, William H.
Town, John J. Younglove, Fredic
Turrill, F.  

COMPANY E

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

John Sheridan Captain
John W. Francis First Lieutenant
James H. Loomis Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Averill, William Deacons, Garrett
Bennett, Charles C. Duhamel, Louis
Brown, David Dann, George D.
Brown, Wallace Davis, Henry
Buell, M. B. Dann, George W.
Back, Ephraim Davis, Edward
Buell, Silas Emory, William
Bisnett, John Fall, James
Babcock, S. G. Fuller, Thomas B.
Back, William Frost, George
Babcock, C. F. German, Andres
Bowen, Theodore Glover, Philos C.
Babcock, Walter Godfrey, Milan A.
Burr, Henry Hunter, Henry R.
Cady, Tunas Hanill, Michael
Clark, John Haynes, William
Compton, William F. Howell, William H.
Caywood, B. F. Hannibal, Wallace
Carley, Ethan B. Kellsy, Seth
Cauglin, John Kilmer, Abram
Chapman, John Larock, James
Carter, Charles F. Morris, Monroe
Cleveland, C. F. McKay, Carlos
Cooper, Alvin B. McCarthy, John
Deacons, Charles Moon, Cassius
Mosher, Freeman C. Salmon, Levi
Maloy, Jeremiah Sheldon, Elihu
Moon, Eugene Satterlee, DeWitt
Newton, William C. Stewart, John
Newton, Cassius Seymour, John
Nelligan, Thomas Smith, George
Norton, Joseph C. Taylor, Edmund
Persons, Eli Townsend, William R.
Pollay, Alanson B. Way, Harvey
Rowe, Ira L. Wilson, Charles
Robertson, Frank I. Walrath, John L.
Ramage, Alexander Withey, John F.
Randall, James K. Wallis, Henry
Seely, Orville Withey, Silas

COMPANY F

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
William Dickison Captain
Irving W. Darrow First Lieutenant
Samuel H. Brown Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Armstrong, William Dolan, Patrick
Allard, Adalbert Dawson, Thomas
Anderson, John W. Denney, William
Abbott, Charles G. Dotten, Joseph T.
Andelfinger, Edward Davis, Royal M.
Burns, Martin Dashney, John
Brunot, Willis E. Dowdle, Peter
Bickley, William Eldred, Reuben C.
Budds, John W. FitzGerald, Morris
Burt, Herbert C. Fineron, Michael A.
Barker, Alfred Gorham, Earll
Bergin, Michael Gaines, Edward
Babcock, Job Grooms, Edward C.
Burnes, James Goodman, Jefferson
Colburn, Thomas S. Gardner, Edwin H.
Clark, Edward H. Harrop, James
Coughlan, Daniel Hinman, Morris
Chetney, Armorey Hurlbutt, William W.
Cutway, Lewis Henessey, William
Carpenter, Theodore M. Halliday, Stephen
Cary, Frederick H. Jacket, Joseph
Cornish, Eugene Kevlin, Gilbert
De Rosier, William Keefe, James
Kenyon, Thomas O’Harrah, Charles
Lesarge, Nelson Purse, Eli
Laverty, Joseph Plant, Charles
Lathrop, Richard S. Phillipps, DeWitt J.
Loveridge, John W. Rodgers, Charles D.
La Lande, Joseph Ryan, John
Laporte, Jacob Smith, Charles E.
Lamott, Oliver Schilling, Ferdinand
Lunden, James Steele, James H. A.
Marshall, David Severance, Henry C.
Murphy, Patrick Smith, Leande
McNett, Hiram Slawson, Wesley
McCarthy, John Steele, James T.
McGurne, Michael Steele, John
McDonald, James Sturge, James
Maley, Thomas Stewart, Gilbert H.
Miller, Joseph Simmons, Nelson
Morris, Francis W. Smith, George A.
McDoud, John Tully, John
McMallen, David Tully, Thomas
Meachem, Stephen A. Van Cleak, George
Kane, Patrick M. Wolfe, James
Northrup, William H. Wright, James
Nichols, Haslow A. Wadley, Martin V.
Nelson, Isaac G. Wing, John M.
O’Leary, James West, Albert

COMPANY G

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
James T. Outerson Captain
Joseph H. Grant First Lieutenant
Thomas W. Smith Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Bartlett, S. C. Conent, Allen L.
Bentley, John E. Calkins, Florance M.
Bishop, Squire Calkins, Royal D.
Bush, Robert Cobb, William
Baxter, Luther F. Crimshaw, David
Blossom, George D. Comstock, Dewitt
Blossom, William E. Dalrymple, Plyn
Coe, Benjamin F. Daly, Peter
Calkins, John Depuy, Johnson L.
Douglass, Hartwell Noyes, Merrit
Dean, George M. Nagaal, John
Delong, Charles Orr, Charles H.
France, Wellington Phillips, Richard
Fish, Francis J. Parmenter, Joel E.
France, Wilson Potter, George E.
France, Martin Peck, Ira D.
Flowers, Marshall A. Russell, Charles E.
Feeney, Anthony Rumrill, George W.
Greenwood, Solon Rice, George S.
Goodroad, William Spencer, Charles H.
Goodrich, William S. Snyder, John W.
Hilliker, Daniel Smith, James L.
Hunt, James Sparks, John
Hastings, Benjamin Seely, Charles
Hines, Elias B. Sherman, William D.
Hubbard, Hernando Streeter, J. P.
Ingersoll, Isaac N. Simpson, Robert Jr.
Ingersoll, Oscar Sherman, Irwin
Jones, Eldridge W. Sampson, George L.
Kelley, Samuel J. Stewart. Joel
Lamb, Joseph H. Jr. Shaftz, Frank
Lampman, Grenville Sprague, Nilo
Lightball, Henry D. Snyder, William A.
Larnouth, Ephraim S. Thompson, Marshall
Lester, Lewis Tilkens, Francis
Maltby, Albert A. Tyler, Thaddeus W.
Mandigo, Harvey Tanner, Jesse
Munn, Stephen Vanauken, Ira
Maultby, Ulrick Z. Wolcott, Silvenus
Moody, Delano G. West, Alpherus H.
Mowry, Oliver B. Williams, John M.
Mcfee, Edward Wood, Samuel A.
Mason, Henry M. Wescott, Allen R.
Moore, George Wheeler, Eugene
Mandigo, Alonzo Wilder, John
McDugal, William Weldon, Sidney
Mellan, Belah Williams, Wallace J.

COMPANY H

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Henry M. Ramsey Captain
George W. Wooden First Lieutenant
Thomas W. Watkins Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Anderson, George W. Hoyt, James
Briant, Ira B. Hayt, Francis E.
Bryant, Miles Hoyt, Henry B.
Brockett, Timothy Hayt, Joseph J.
Burgdorf, Sherland Hewitt, Franklin F.
Bellows, Horatio Herrick, Andrew J.
Burghart, William Greenleaf, John M.
Baker, Albert Gero, Charles
Buckley, William Graham, William
Blankman, Robert Johnson, Adelbert
Clock, Edwin L. Ingerson, Albert B.
Coss, George W. Lincoln, Hiram H.
Carroll, Irwin Ladd, Horace
Chappel, Ebenezer Morse, Salvo
Chappell, John Meeney, John
Campbell, George Myers, Edward
Church, Tyler Mergillroyd, Oscar
Church, William Matthews, Charles C.
Cole, Peter Murphy, Samuel W.
Clapp, Ashley More, John R.
Defendorf, James H. Marks, Daniel E.
De Bow, Lewis Mattison, Andrew
Damuth, Nelson Mattison, Milton
Deacon, David Miller, John H.
David, Henry E. Nicholson, William
Devendorf, Edwin C. Priest, William
Dolley, Alonzo Patterson, George W.
Davis, Lorenzo Parker, Robert
DeWolf, Moses Robinson, George
DeWolf, James Root, Elir
Downs, Charles D. Root, Charles H.
Dennis, John H. Rice, George W.
Emmons, Warren C. Smith, George
Esterbrooks, Andrew Sobles, William
Fancher, Franklin Smith, John
Fidler, Godfrey Smith, Thomas H.
Farley, Giles Scranton, Francis H.
Flannaghan, John M. Smith, Lewis
Fellows, Willis Schroder, William
Fuller, John W. Slawson, Dexter
Hoyt, Horace D. Thomas, William H.
Humphrey, Walter C. Turo, Abram
House, Wellington P. VanAlstine, William O.
VanAntwerp, Jacob Worth, Lucius C.
White, John W. Waterbury, David
White, William F. White, Henry A.
Wood, Samuel Westley, Joseph

COMPANY I

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
George Wetmore Captain
Edgar F. Morris First Lieutenant
John H. Gilman Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Wood, Samuel Westley, Joseph
Armstrong, Benjamin T. DeMott, Theodore
Alsaver, Nelson Dibble, William
Austin, Rueben H. Eason, Calvin A.
Allen, John Fuller, Leander
Brown, Orlanson Flint, John M.
Burlingham, Albert Fuller, Philander S.
Barner, William Forsyth, William A.
Bliss, Warren B. Fuller, Chauncey B. Jr.
Bartholomew, George Goodwin, Gilson
Barrows, Isaac Gile, Albert E.
Barnes, James Gibbs, Martin W.
Bracy, Martin Gardiner, James
Barnes, John G. Hornbostel, William
Bracy, William W. Holbrook, Stephen S.
Burr, Adelbert H. Hungerford, Jonathan D.
Bucher, Antoin Holley, Charles H.
Braga, Alanson C. Halladay, Wallace H.
Button, Alonzo S. Hibbard, Seymour N.
Burdick, Elihu B. Jefferies, John
Bates, Mark N. Johnston, Jonathan C. Jr.
Bellchamber, William H. Joyce, Joseph B.
Braga, Thias Knight, Henry H.
Clifford, Stephen Larabee, Luman
Curtis, Theodore Loomis, Charles C.
Cole, Eugene Lord, George S.
Cobb, Eli Loomis, Rusilus E.
Coe, James R. Larkin, Green
Carpenter, Edwin R. McDonald, Nelson
Dryer, Jarius L. McCanna, John
Danforth, William Matteson, Calvin L.
Durfy, Charles L. Marvin, Frederick
Parmeter, Benjamin S. Thiebeau, Prosper
Robbins, Elisha Thurgood, John
Raymond, Alonzo R. Tripp, George M.
Ripley, Sherwood Taylor, William H.
Rice, Andrew J. Vickery, Nathaniel S.
Rowland, George Woolsey, Cornelius L.
Scott, Burr B. Wilder, Henry E.
Smith, William A. Wetmore, William
Sweet, George E. Wright, Amos B.
Sweet, John W. Wilber, Reuben
Sweet, Henry A. Walter, Martin
Sackett, James Wright, William H.
Sherman, Jonathan, Jr. Wright, Jonathan D.
Soper, George E. Willis, Edward
Smedley, Jones Whalen, John
Shamppany, Emanuel Wilson, Emery A.
Schoonmaker, John M. Wilson, Charles H.

COMPANY K

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
George Wetmore Captain
Edgar F. Morris First Lieutenant
John H. Gilman Second Lieutenant

ENLISTED MEN

Adams, Bryon Coe, Jerome
Alexander, W. W. Curtis, Byron C.
Anthony, Edwin Crane, James
Bailey, John Clock, Manson D.
Barber, Alanson Curtis, Erwin
Bently, James Cornell, N. I.
Brockway, Oliver Cole, Daniel D.
Brockway, Damon C. Chappel, Wellington
Benedict, John A. Dagwell, John H.
Blakeman, William Darling, Amenzo W.
Burley, Joshua P. Degaron, Henry
Bogardus, John H. Ellis, Charles R. W.
Burgess, Asa M. Emerson, William
Badgeley, Wilhelm Fancher, Allen
Benedict, Lewis A. Foley, Daniel
Bungey, Leonard Gifford, John D.
Brockway, Russell G. Graham, Edwin
Cable, Benton Hines, Henry F.
Hungerford, Jonas W. Pickard, Alonzo
Hanes, William Pangman, Derious
Harper, John Pluff, Parry
Hall, John M. Robinson, Benjamin F.
Jennings, Joseph Robinson, William H.
Jessup, Bertrand Rose, Amos K.
Kirtland, Melvin Richardson, Seth C.
Lee, George S. Shapley, Mernville E.
Lawler, Michael Sperling, Abner W.
Lawrence, Oscar Smith, Rensselaer K.
Mungre, Lenman Sherman, Charles W.
Munger, William Sampson, William
Mason, Frederick Scott, Samuel
Millis, Ebenezer Sharder, Lewis
Miles, William H. Tucker, Ezra
Moore, Edward Van Guilder, Henry C.
McMullen, John Webb, John A.
Norcott, Alpheus W. Warner, Marcus B.
Nichols, George F. Winck, Anthony
Ostrander, Austin Weller, Milo W.
Pelo, Christmas Whitmore, Conrad R.
Phillips, Charles H. Wheaton, John G.
Pierce, Daniel Young, Benjamin
Schoonmaker, John M. Wilson, Charles H.

APPENDIX AA
BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK
OCTOBER 19, 1864
REPORT OF THE COMMANDER, THIRD DIVISION, SIXTH ARMY CORPS

[The following is reproduced from the War of the Rebellion, Series I, v. 43, Part I, pp. 225-230]

No. 49

Report of Col. J. Warren Keifer, One hundred and tenth Ohio Infantry,
commanding Third Division, of operations October 19.

HDQRS. SECOND BRIG., THIRD DIV., SIXTH ARMY CORPS,
Camp before Petersburg, Va. December 15, 1864

MAJOR: I have the honor to report, in compliance with orders, the movements and operations of the Third Division, Sixth Army Corps, at the battle of Cedar Creek, Va. on the 19th of October, 1864.

The Third Division, Sixth Army Corps, occupied a position in two lines on the left of the other two divisions of the corps, connecting on its left with the right of the Nineteenth Corps. The Nineteenth Corps was in the center of the army, the Eighth Corps or Army of West Virginia, being upon the extreme left, the whole army facing Cedar Creek. The troops of the division were to the right of the turnpike about half a mile and not to exceed one and a half mile from Middletown. Marsh Run, which in places was difficult to cross, flowed through a ravine a very short distance in the rear of the division and divided the main body of the troops of the Nineteenth from the Sixth Corps. The troops of the division consisted of two brigades, commanded previous to the 19th of October 1864, First Brigade by Col. William Emerson, One hundred and fifty-first New York Volunteers; Second Brigade, by myself, and the divisions by Gen. James B. Ricketts. The First Brigade was located upon the right and Second Brigade upon the left of the division. The aggregate strength present for duty in line was 151 officers and 3,818 enlisted men. On the morning of October 19, at early daybreak, some firing was heard upon the right of the army and soon after rapid firing was heard in the direction of the extreme left of the army. Being placed under arms, tents struck, and wagons packed, and preparations made for meeting and emergency. Immediately after the troops were formed in front of their camp, Capt. A. J. Smith, acting assistant adjutant general, Third Division, with others of the division staff, reported to me with orders from General Ricketts to assume command of the division, General Ricketts having assumed command of the corps, General Wright being in command of the army. I at once turned over the command of the Second Brigade to Col. William H. Ball, One hundred and twenty-second Ohio, and assumed command of the division. The firing continued to grow more rapid upon the left of the army, and it soon became apparent that the enemy designed to bring on a general engagement. I received an order from General Ricketts to move the division to the turnpike, and commenced the movement, but soon after received an order to reoccupy the late position and look out for the right, as the First and Second Divisions of the corps had been ordered from the right across the run on the turnpike and to the support of the left of the army. The firing continued to grow more rapid upon the left and extended to the rear, parallel with the turnpike and toward Middletown. The troops upon the left had fallen back from their position in disorder, and, with small bodies of cavalry, army wagons, pack animals, &c., had crossed Marsh Run and were rushing through the lines of troops; it was only by the greatest exertions of officers that the lines could be preserved. While moving the troops back to their late position orders were received to take the hills opposite the rear of the camps of the divisions. When this order was received the enemy had gained them and a portion of my command had opened fire upon him. Colonel Ball was ordered to take the position with his brigade. The rear line of the Second Brigade, faced by the rear rank, was ordered to charge the hills, and orders were given to the other troops of the division to follow in close support. The troops advanced in excellent order, not withstanding a heavy fire from the enemy, but just after the advance had crossed the stream the troops of the Nineteenth Corps broke in disorder and fell back along the stream and in such numbers as to impede the farther progress of the movement and temporarily throw the advance line into some confusion. Fearing the danger of getting my command into disorder, and at the same time ascertaining that the enemy had turned the left of the army and were already advancing and threatening the rear, the troops were withdrawn from the charge and a rapid fire opened upon the enemy, which stopped his farther progress in my front. So great were the number of broken troops of the other corps that for a time the lines had to be opened at intervals in order to allow them to pass to the rear. In consequence of the necessary movements of the morning of the divisions of the Sixth Corps were separated and were obliged to fight independent of each other. The Third Division, having faced about, became the extreme right of the army. A number of guns belonging to the Sixth Corps were posted upon the hills to my left. These guns, under command of Captains McKnight and Adams, and under the direction of Colonel Tompkins, chief of artillery of the Sixth Corps, were admirably handled and rapidly fired, although under heavy and close musketry fire of the enemy. After over 100 artillery horses had been shot the enemy succeeded in capturing a portion of the guns, having approached under cover of the smoke and fog from the left, which was unprotected. A charge was ordered and the guns were retaken, three of which were drawn off by hand; others were left in consequence of being disabled, but were subsequently recaptured. The regiments principally engaged in this charge were: the Tenth Vermont (of the First Brigade), commanded by Col. William W. Henry, and Sixth Maryland (of the Second Brigade), commanded by Capt. C. K. Prentiss. Great gallantry was displayed in this charge by officers and men. The rebels were fought hand to hand and driven from the guns. A position was were taken upon the crest of a ridge facing the enemy, who by this time had thrown a force across Marsh Run, near its mouth, and were advancing along Cedar Creek upon my right. The right of the Third Division was extended to near Cedar Creek, and the left rested a short distance from Marsh Run. A heavy fire was kept up for a considerable period of time, and the enemy were twice driven back, with heavy loss. Orders were received from Major-General Wright in person to charge forward and drive the enemy, and the movement was commenced, and in consequence of the disorder into which the enemy had previously been thrown the movement bid fair to be a success; but, owing to the enemy’s appearance in heavy force upon the left flank of the division, the charge was soon suspended and the troops withdrawn slowly to a new position. The battle raged with great fury, the line slowly retiring in the main in good order from one position to another. My line was at no time driven under orders, and each time after the enemy had been repulsed in all attacks from the front. About 10 a.m. the troops reached a road that ran parallel to my line and at right angles to t he turnpike and a short distance to the rear and right of Middletown. The troops had been withdrawn not to exceed one mile and a half from the position occupied in the morning. At this hour the enemy suspended further attacks, but concentrated a heavy artillery fire upon the troops. In retiring almost all the wounded of the division were brought off, and but few prisoners were lost. From this position, the division was moved, under orders, to the left and formed connection with the Second Division, Sixth Corps.

After General Ricketts was wounded Brig. G. W. Getty assumed command of the corps, from whom I received orders. The First Division, commanded by Brig. Gen. Frank Wheaton, was formed upon my right. Many of the troops thrown into disorder early in the engagement were reformed and brought into line; those of the Nineteenth Corps were formed upon the right of the army. It was known to be about 10:30 a.m. that Major General Sheridan had arrived upon the field and had assumed command of the army. Major-General Wright resumed command of the Sixth Army Corps. Unfortunately, Colonel Emerson, commanding the First Brigade, failed to keep connection with the Second Brigade of the division during a march to the rear, in consequence of which some delay took place in getting into proper position. As soon as a position was taken up a heavy line of skirmishers was ordered forward from the Second Brigade to cover the front of the division. Colonel Ball, commanding Second Brigade, accordingly ordered forward the One hundred and tenth Ohio and One hundred and thirty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, under the command of Lieut. Col. Otho H. Binkley. They took up a position about 300 yards to the front, and along the outskirts of the woods. Desultory firing and skirmishing were kept up.

The enemy about 1 p.m. attempted another advance and after a brisk fight with the skirmishers caused them to fall back to the main line. The attack was then immediately repulsed, and the skirmishers retook their former position. A small detachment of the Army of West Virginia, under the command of Col. R. B. Hayes, of the Twenty-third Ohio, was formed upon the left of the Third Division and connected with the right of the Second Division, Sixth Army Corps, the left of which rested upon the Valley turnpike, about one mile in rear of Middletown. The troops remained in position until 3:15 p.m., when a general advance was made, the order to do so having been received by me from General Wright. Immediately after the advance commenced the troops of the Army of West Virginia were withdrawn from the line, leaving a short interval between the left of my line and that with of General G. W. Getty, commanding Second Division. In accordance with instructions from Major-General Wright my line was ordered to dress to the left in the general advance and close up all intervals. Specific instructions were given by me to brigade commanders to dress their troops to the left in the advance, leave no intervals, and to be careful to avoid dressing them too rapidly and closely. The troops commenced the division moved forward in splendid style and very rapidly. It soon encountered the enemy in great strength and well posted. The enemy opened a deadly fire with artillery and musketry upon the troops, but for a time they continued the advance, although suffering heavy losses. The order to avoid massing the troops in the advance was not complied with by the First Brigade, the troops of which, after coming under fire, dressed hastily, and in some confusion, to left and soon became massed behind and merged into troops of Second Brigade. In addition to the confusion that necessarily ensued the right was left unprotected. The greater portion of the division, after returning the enemy’s fire vigorously for a short time, temporarily gave way. To the failure to keep the troops properly dressed and to the fact that the Third Division moved forward too rapidly and in advance of the troops upon its right I mainly attribute the failure to succeed in this advance. The troops upon my left also temporarily gave way. The division lost very heavily in this attack. Not to exceed five minutes elapsed before the troops had been halted and were again charged forward. The enemy this time gave way and were forced back several hundred yards, when he again took up a position behind a stone fence upon the face of a hill sloping toward my troops. The division charged forward to a stone fence which was parallel to the enemy’s position and about 250 yards distant therefrom. An open field lay between the opposing troops. A stone wall extended at right angles from the right of my line to the left of my enemy’s. A sharp and fierce musketry fire was kept up between the contending forces for about three-quarters of an hour. Orders were received from Major-General Wright in person to charge I ordered Colonel Emerson to send a competent staff officer with volunteer soldiers along and under cover of the stone wall upon the right of the line, with orders to throw themselves upon the enemy’s left and open an enfilading fire upon him. This order was immediately carried out and had the desired effect. Capt. H. W. Day, One hundred and sixth New York Volunteers, and brigade inspector of the First Brigade, was charged with the execution of the order. His gallant conduct on that occasion was highly meritorious, and for which he deserves promotion. Lieut. Col. M. M. Granger, One hundred and twenty-second Ohio Volunteers, volunteered to assist in this strategic movement. As soon as troops could reach the flank of the enemy and at once charged across the open ground, driving him in utter rout from his position. A considerable number of prisoners were taken in this charge, also small arms and two battle-flags. Leander McClurg, One hundred and twenty-second Ohio, captured the battle flag of what he supposed to have been the Forty-fourth (rebel) Virginia Regiment, which he was forced to give up to a staff officer, not since recognized by him. Corpl. Daniel P. Reigle, [69] Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania, captured a battle-flag from a color bearer of the enemy. The enemy retreated precipitately, throwing away guns, accouterments, &c., in their flight. He was closely pursued by the infantry to and across Cedar Creek. His columns were completely routed, disorganized and demoralized. Troops of this division were the first to plant colors upon the works along Cedar Creek, which had been abandoned in the morning. The cavalry of the army was hurled upon the broken and flying troops of the enemy after he crossed Cedar Creek. Night came on and the infantry gave up the pursuit. The abandoned and disable guns and caissons of the corps were retaken upon the ground upon which they had been left in the morning.

The cavalry, in pursuit of the enemy, captured many of the substantial fruits of the great victory which had been so richly earned by the hard fighting of the infantry soldiers. The loss in killed and wounded of the cavalry, compared to that in the infantry, was light, which of itself proves upon whom the burden of the battle rested and was borne.

At dark troops, under orders, went into their respective camps, from which they had been called up in the morning. Many officers and soldiers spent the night in ministering to their wounded and dying comrades. Instances were not a few where the miscreant enemy had stripped the persons of our wounded of clothing, and left them without covering upon the ground. The bodies of the dead were generally robbed of all clothing and effects. It may be said, however, that many of the bodies of the enemy’s dead had been robbed and stripped by their own troops. A rebel officer was killed, upon whose body was found clothing and other private effects of Capt. E. M. Ruhl, Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania, who was mortally wounded in the morning.

Considering the unfortunate circumstances under which the battle commenced in the morning, and its long and sanguinary character, too much praise cannot be given to officers and soldiers. Col. William H. Ball, commanding Second Brigade, showed superior judgment, coolness, skill and gallantry. Col. William W. Henry, Tenth Vermont, Lieut. Cols. M. M. Granger, One hundred and twenty-second, and Otho H. Binkley, One hundred and tenth Ohio, James W. Snyder, Ninth New York Heavy Artillery, Charles M. Cornyn One hundred and twenty-second Ohio, and Aaron Spengler, One hundred and tenth Ohio, together with many others, were particularly efficient in the discharge of their important duties.

It is impossible to mention names of the many who displayed acts of distinguished gallantry. The Ninth New York Heavy Artillery and a battalion of the One hundred and eighty-fourth New York Volunteers commanded by Maj. (now Lieut. Col.) James W. Snyder and Maj. W. D. Ferguson, for their noble behavior deserve to be specially mentioned. The former regiment had several hundred recruits and conscripts who had just entered the service. The battalion of the One hundred eighty-fourth New York had never before been engaged.

It is painful to mention the bad conduct of Lieut. Col. Charles G. Chandler, Tenth Vermont, Maj. G. G. Voorhes, One hundred and twenty-second Ohio Volunteers. These officers shamefully deserted their comrades in arms, and went to the rear without authority or good cause. Captain Bargar had just received a leave of absence. He abandoned his company while it was in actual combat with the enemy, and under his leave of absence attempted to shield himself from shame and disgrace.

Staff officers of brigades were very efficient in the performance of their duties. Lieuts. Jim A. Gump, acting assistant adjutant-general, J. T. Baker (now Capt.), brigade inspector, R. W. Wiley, acting aide-de-camp, Second Brigade, and Capts. Charles H. Leonard, assistant adjutant-general, H. W. Day, brigade inspector, First Brigade, are among the most conspicuous. Lieutenant Gump was mortally wounded and has since died.

Capts. Edgar M. Ruhl, Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania, L. D. Thompson, Tenth Vermont, and Orson Howard, Ninth New York Heavy Artillery; also Lieuts. W. D. Ross, Fourteenth New Jersey, Augustus Phillips, One hundred eighty-fourth New York, Orrin D. Carpenter, and John Oldswagger, Ninth New York Heavy Artillery, and Thomas Kilburn, One hundred and twenty-second Ohio, were killed while valiantly discharging their duties. Capt. Wesley Deveney, One hundred and tenth Ohio and others of the division have since died of their wounds.

Lieut. R. W. Wiley, acting aide-de-camp on Second Brigade staff, was the only officer captured in the division: he mistaking the location of troops, rode into the enemy’s lines.

Of the good conduct of the division staff I cannot speak in too high terms. Capt. Andrew J. Smith, acting assistant adjutant general, throughout the whole action displayed great bravery, skill and judgment. Capt. Osgood V. Tracy, division inspector, Capt. George B. Damon, judge advocate of division, and Capt. Anson S. Wood, chief of pioneers (engineers?), each carried orders faithfully and gallantly in the thickest of the battle. Each member of the division staff was especially efficient and active in preserving lines, keeping up and urging on the troops. Capt. George J. Oakes, acting ordnance officer of the division, deserves much credit for his energy and efficiency in supplying the troops with ammunition.

Robert Barr, Sixty-seventh Pennsylvania, chief surgeon of division, W. A. Child, Tenth Vermont, and William M. Houston, One hundred and twenty-second Ohio, chief surgeon of brigade, with the other medical officers of the division deserve high commendation for their great skill and energy in taking care of and ministering to the many wounded.

Forty-three officers and 632 enlisted men were killed and wounded in the division.

A summary of casualties by brigades is hereto appended.

Copies of brigade and regimental reports are herewith transmitted.

I am, major, with high esteem, your most obedient and humble servant,
J. WARREN KEIFR,
Colonel, 110th Ohio Volunteers, Bvt. Brigadier-General, Comdg.
Maj. C. A. WHITTIER,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, Sixth Army Corps

 

Summary of casualties by brigades in Third Division, Sixth Army Corps, at the battle of Cedar Creek Va. on the 19th day of October, 1864
Brigades
Killed
Wounded
Missing
Total
Aggregate
  Officers Men Officers Men Officers Men Officers Men  
1st Brigade 4 34 15 190 0 0 19 224 243
2nd Brigade 4 60 19 311 1 18 24 380 413
3rd Brigade 8 94 34 501 1 18 43 613 656

APPENDIX BB
MAJOR FERGUSON’S REPORT, BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK

[The following report by Maj. William D. Ferguson on the activities of the four companies of the 184th NY Volunteers in the Battle of Cedar Creek is reproduced from the War of the Rebellion, Series I, v. 43 Part I, p. 241]

No. 55

Report of Maj. William D. Ferguson, One hundred and eighty-fourth New York Infantry, of operations October 19

HDQRS. DETACHMENT 184TH REGT. NEW YORK VOLS.,
Camp near Middletown, Va., October 31, 1864

CAPTAIN: In obedience to orders from headquarters First Brigade, Third Division, Sixth Army Corps, calling for a synopsis of the operations of my detachment in the action of October 19, 1864. I would respectfully forward the following report:
The detachment broke camp and formed in line of battle with the brigade shortly after daylight on the morning of the 19th instant. In about half an hour we marched by the left flank and formed line of battle perpendicular to the rear of our camp, and immediately opposite. A general engagement commenced with our line, I should think at about 7 a.m., which was very severe for about one hour, alternatively advancing and retreating short distances, at which time the enemy appearing on our flanks in superior numbers, we commenced steadily falling back under a destructive fire. In this first part of the action, my detachment lost considerably in killed and wounded. We continued falling back to a road running parallel with our line of battle and at right angles with the turnpike leading from Winchester to Strasburg, where we reformed, facing the enemy. Finding the Sixth Corps without support, we were ordered to march from the right of battalions to the rear, in which order we continued the retreat about two miles farther to the center of a piece of woods southwest of Newtown, where we again formed in battle order, where we lay some three or four hours waiting for the enemy to attack. The enemy advanced to within musket range of us and threw up breastworks similar to that of ours and kept this line until we were ordered to advance and charge about 4 p.m. The enemy resisted stubbornly and fighting was very severe for some time, when they broke in disorder and retreated to a stone fence where they undertook to rally, but the impetuosity of our men was such that their resistance was feeble and a general retreat of the enemy commenced, closely followed by our men. The action from this time was only one of enthusiasm on the part of our men and despair and disorder on the part of the enemy, which we followed to Cedar Creek, and encamped on the same ground from which we had been driven in the morning. General Sheridan’s promise to whip hell out of them was verified, and my detachment rested in fine spirits.
We lost in action, 1 officer killed and 44 enlisted men killed and wounded.
I cannot speak too highly of the coolness and bravery displayed by the officers of my detachment or of the courage and determination of the men.
This being as far as my knowledge extends of the history of the detachment in the action of the 19th of October, I would respectfully submit it to you.

Yours respectfully,
WM. D. FERGUSON
Maj. 184th New York Volunteers, Commanding Detachment

CAPTAIN LEONARD,
Asst. Adjt, Gen., First Brig. Third Div., Sixth Army Corps

APPENDIX CC
DEFENSES OF BERMUDA HUNDRED, DECEMBER 31, 1864

Organization of troops in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, commanded by Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, U. S. Army, December 31, 1864

DEFENSES OF BERMUDA HUNDRED

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Edward Ferrero

First Brigade - Col. WILLIAM HEINE
41st New York (six companies) - Lieut. Col Detlon Von Einseidel
163d New York - Lieut. Col Andres Wettstein
104th Pennsylvania, (five companies) - Capt. Theophiles Kephart

Second Brigade - Lieut. Col. G. DE PEYSTER AUDEN.
6th New York Heavy Artillery - Maj. George C. Kibbe
10th New York Heavy Artillery - Maj. James B. Campbell

Provisional Brigade - Col WILLIAM M. MCCLURE.
13th New Hampshire, Company C. - Lieut. Royal B. Prescott
2d Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery - Capt. Edward S. Rowand

Siege Artillery - Bvt. Brig. Gen. HENRY L. ABBOT
1st Connecticut Heavy, Companies C, D. F, G and H - Maj. George B. Cook
1st Connecticut Heavy, Companies A, B, E, I, K, L and M - Maj. Albert F. Brooker
Connecticut Light, Third Battery - Capt. Thomas S. Gilbert
13th New York Heavy, Companies A and H - Capt. William Pendrell
3d Pennsylvania Heavy, Companies E and G - Maj. Franz von Schilling.
3d Pennsylvania Heavy, Company M - Capt. Frederick Korte.

Acting Pontoniers
3d Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Company L Lieut. Oliver J. Bixby

SEPARATE BRIGADE - Col. WARDWELL G. ROBINSON

Fort Pocahontas - Maj. WILLIAM H. TANTUM
38th New Jersey (four companies) - Maj. William H. Tantum
10th New York Heavy Artillery (two companies) - Capt. Henry c. Thompson
New York Light Artillery, 33d Battery - Capt. Alger M. Wheeler
1st U.S. Colored Cavalry (detachment) - Capt. David Vandevort.

Harrison’s Landing - Lieut. Col. WILLIAM P. MCKINLEY
4th Massachuetts Cavalry, Company M - Lieut. Thomas Miles
184th New York Infantry - Lieut. Col. William P. McKinley
3d Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (detachment), - Lieut. Frederick Grill

Fort Powhatan - Col. WILLIAM J. SEWELL
38th New Jersey (six companies) - Lieut. Col. Ashbel W. Angel
3d Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (detachment)
1st U. S. Colored Cavalry, Company E - Capt. Charles W. Emerson

War of the Rebellion, Series I v. 42 Part III pp. 1127-1128

APPENDIX DD
THOMAS BUCHANAN REED, 1822-1872

Sheridan’s Ride

(From Thomas R. Lounsbury’s Yale Book of American Verse, 1912, No. 150)

Up from the South at break of day
Bringing to Winchester fresh dismay
The affrighted air with a shudder bore,
Like a herald in haste, to the chieftan’s door
The terrible grumble, and rumble, and roar,
Telling the battle was on once more,
And Sheridan twenty miles away

And wider still those billows of war,
Thundered along the horizon’s bar,
And louder yet into Winchester rolled
The roar of that red sea uncontrolled,
Making the blood of the listener cold
As he thought of the stake in that fiery fray,
And Sheridan twenty miles away.

But there is a road from Winchester town,
A good, broad highway leading down;
And there, through the flush of the morning light,
A steed as black as the steeds of night,
Was seen to pass, as with eagle flight,
As if he knew the terrible need;
He stretched away with his utmost speed;
Hills rose and fell; but his heart was gay,
With Sheridan fifteen miles away.

Still sprung from those swift hoofs, thundering South,
The dust, like smoke from the cannon’s mouth;
Or the trail of a comet, sweeping faster and faster,
Foreboding to traitors the doom of disaster
The heart of the steed, and the heart of the master
Were beating like prisoners assaulting their walls
Impatient to be where the battle-field calls;
Every nerve of the charger was strained to full play,
Every nerve the charger was strained to full play,
With Sheridan only ten miles away.

Under his spurning feet the road
Like an arrowy Alpine river flowed,
And the landscape sped away behing
Like an ocean flying before the wind,
And the steed, like a barque fed with furnace ire,
Swept on, with his wild eyes full of fire.
But lo ! he is nearing his heart’s desire,
He is snuffing the smoke of the roaring fray,
With Sheridan only five miles away.

The first that the general saw were the groups
Of stragglers, and then the retreating troops;
What was done? What to do? a glance told him both,
Then striking his spurs, with a terrible oath,
He dashed down the lien ‘mid a storm of huzzas,
And the wave of retreat checked its course there, because
The sight of the master compelled it to pause.
With foam and with dust the black charger was gray,
By the flash of his eye, and the red nostril’s play,
He seemed to the whole great army to say
“ I have brought you Sheridan all the way
From Winchester, down to save the day!

Hurrah! Hurrah for Sheridan!
Hurrah! Hurrah for horse and man!
And when their statues are placed on high,
Under the dome of the Union sky,
The American soldier’s Temple of Fame;
There with the glorious general’s name,
Be it said, in letters both bold and bright
“ Here is the steed that saved the day,
By carrying Sheridan into the fight,
From Winchester, twenty miles away!”

APPENDIX EE
HIRAM DUTCHER,“ D” Co. 184th NY Volunteer Infantry

"ACCOUNT OF SHERIDAN’S RIDE"
OSWEGO DAILY PALLADIUM
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 6, 1898

Hiram Dutcher, who in the season of navigation is the tender at lock No. 17, Oswego canal, relates the most stirring incident of the War of Rebellion that came under his personal attention, the famous ride of Sheridan at the Battle of Winchester, October 19, 1864. In relating the incident, he said “I went out with the 184th from Oswego, and during the battle we up a part of the Sixth Army Corps. The rebels got into our lines in the early morning and before we knew what was going on the front lines were broken and began to fall back. We were in the last row and behind us was the cavalry. We got the order to fall in and then to advance. Then we got the order to lie down and how did we hug the ground. Finally, an order came to fire and fall back in order. We did as directed but soon there was crowding, the line wavered and then we were in full retreat with the cavalry leading the way. We had retreated about six miles and thousands of men were scattered in all directions when suddenly there was a shout that Sheridan was coming. I was in a field about a quarter of a mile from the turnpike. As Sheridan saw the groups of stragglers he turned his horse from the road jumped a low rail fence and came up to where we were standing. He rode a black horse with a white hind foot. He was one of those short-backed animals, strong and fleet. The poor fellow was covered with foam. I was tying a handkerchief around the fingers of a Pennsylvania soldier when Sheridan come up. He heard one of the boys call me “Dutch” and calling out “Come along Dutch, help me to rally these men and we’ll be sleeping in our old camp ground tonight. He was as good as his word. At eleven o’clock that night we had regained our position, taken nine hundred prisoners, and forty-two pieces of artillery. I will never forget that appearance of Sheridan as he road through those broken columns of straggling soldiers. He was covered with dust, waving his sword about his head in an ecstasy of enthusiasm and calling upon the boys to rally. No tongue can tell and no pen describe the feeling of that came over those retreating and vanquished soldiers who that day fought every inch of that battlefield twice. I remember how I felt when I saw Sheridan leading the way down the turnpike with members of his staff two or three hundred yards in the rear. All doubt and fear vanished. The fact that Sheridan was with us was enough. No harm could come to the troops with Sheridan in our midst. I believe that I felt that he could almost turn the wrath of God so great was my confidence in the man that day. I can’t describe it, but thousands of others must have felt as I did, for they rallied to a man and the day was save. In my opinion was the most stirring war incident ever chronicled in any country at any time.”

APPENDIX FF
ARTICLE FROM THE OSWEGO COMMERCIAL TIMES,
TUESDAY EVENING, SEPT. 27 (1864)

From the 184th Regiment:

We announced yesterday the receipt of a communication form A. H. Walker, of the above regiment, which we stated would appear in our issue to-day. Mr. W’s letter was dated Sept. 20th and was written on board transport and contained no intelligence subsequent to the arrival of port of the regiment at City Point. A correspondent writes us from Washington under date of the 23d inst., giving later information and we therefore withhold Mr. Walker’s letter.

Companies A, B, D, and F of the 184th were, at the date of this letter, encamped in the rear of Fort Bennett, about one mile distant from the Georgetown or Acqueduci Bridge, and are under command of Major Ferguson. Lieut. Phillips was acting as Adjutant. On the 23d the boys were receiving their arms and equipments and all appeared to be in the happiest mood. The four companies mentioned are on detached duty, and had received orders to proceed to Winchester for the purpose of guarding rebel prisoners. They muster about three hundred and sixty men.

APPENDIX GG
An undated article in the Oswego Commercial Times,
concerning the Battle of Cedar Creek

Four Companies Engaged in the Late Battle

Gallantry of the 6th Army Corps

On Saturday we stated our belief that Companies A, B, D and F, of the 184th Regiment were engaged in the late battle at Fisher’s Hill, where Sheridan obtained his brilliant victory over Longstreet and Early. We based our belief on the correspondence of a member of Co. D, who, under the date of Oct. 16th, state that the above companies had been brigaded in the 3d Division, 6th Army Corps. The New York Herald of Saturday published a graphic account of the battle, together with a list of casualties in the 3d Division of the 6th Army Corps. The 6th and 19th Army Corps bore the brunt of the battle and to them is mainly entitled the credit of restoring honor to our arms from the chaotic confusion into which our troops were thrown during the early part of the day. The Herald correspondent says the gallant men of the 6th Corps stood in front of the rebel artillery with the most perfect unconcern, although at times they were ordered to lie down and let the iron ball pass over them. Then, when the rebel lines advanced, they returned yell for yell and volley for volley. When hardly pressed the solid column appeared to melt away, but not to retreat --- The wearers of the grecian cross appeared to have forgotten how to retreat and to feel that the salvation of the army depended on their standing firm; for after falling back a few yards the column would be again formed and the battle renewed.

The following casualties in Companies A, B, D and F, are reported in the Herald. No names of killed are given, and we cannot therefore state definitely whether any of our brave boys have been called upon to surrender their lives in their country’s defense:
Sergeant Geo. Bahn, Co. D, arm
Sergeant Al Moran, Co. D, shoulder
Corporal W. P. Stevens, Co. B, leg
Corporal I. N. Fish, Co. A, side
Private A. L. Gibbert, Co. A., thigh
Private Job Habcock, Co. F, right hand
Private David Marshall, Co. F, wrist
Private John A. Maxon, Co. B, hip
Private A. P. Cole, Co. A, leg
Private John B. Kennedy, thigh
Private John W. Budds, co. F, wrist
Private W. Percipal, Co. D, left hip
Private A. Stonger, Co. A, right leg

APPENDIX HH
Letter of Col. Wardwell Robinson to the Oswego Commercial Times,
Dated Nov. 4, 1864

From the 184th Regiment --- The following letter from Col. Robinson will be read with interest.

Post Headquarters, Harrison’s Landing
Nov. 4, 1864

Editor Oswego Commercial Times:

The weather here is delightful. Two or three frosts have tinted the forest trees delightfully, and one may travel far before seeing so fair a landscape as is presented to view from this post.

The officers of the regiment have labored under many difficulties, and among them, not the least, is that we have no Surgeon, no Chaplain, and no Regimental colors. It seems to me that if the good people of our country only knew that their friends and relations were entirely without medical aid except such transient assistance as we might happen to secure, that they would not rest until this deficiency, at least was supplied. I trust it may never be the fate of any there to be placed in the position we now occupy.

Soon after my reaching the regiment, I drew up the necessary papers required by the Regulations, and signed by every officer of the companies now with us, securing to the Rev. Mr. Post the position of Chaplain. These papers I forwarded some time ago. We have no Chaplain yet.

I am informed by officers that the State furnishes colors to regiments from New York. Acting under this information, I several weeks ago asked for the colors from the Adjutant-General, but as yet we are without colors. However, whether we have Surgeon, Chaplain or colors, I believe the men of the 184th will do their duty. A portion have already been baptized by fire, and the rest I believer will not falter in the same ordeal.

I am fearful, from all I can learn, that Col. Harney was killed at the last advance made by General Grant towards the Southside road. I am informed he left the regiment to obtain some information. Some heavy firing was heard in the direction that he took, since which time he has not been seen or heard from. With this exception, there was no other casualties in the 147th.

W. G. ROBINSON

APPENDIX JJ
DEATH OF LIEUT. PHILLIPS

Body Robbed of Clothing and Valuables on Battlefield

The Palladium yesterday noted the discovery of an old revolver bearing the name of Lieut. Augustus Phillips of Co. D 184th New York Volunteers, which had been missing since the battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864. In the history of the 184th, written by Wardwell Robinson, late commanding, and delivered at the reunion of the regiment at Oswego Falls, June 5, 1895 some interesting facts relative to the Battle of Cedar Creek and Lieutenant Phillips are given. The Lieutenant prior to receiving his commission in the regiment, which was raised in 1864, was a clerk in a clothing store in this city. Scarcely a month after the One Hundred and Eighty-Fourth went out, four companies, among them Company D, in which Lieut. Phillips served, engaged in the Battle of Cedar Creek, while the remainder of the regiment, with Col. Robinson in command, was at City Point.

The battle nearly resulted in a Confederate victory, and would have been successful had it not been for Sheridan’s famous ride from “Winchester, twenty miles away.” Lieutenant Phillips was acting as the Adjutant of the regiment and was severely wounded early in the engagement. Two unknown privates started to remove him from the field but he died before he could be carried to Federal lines.

As the Confederates were at that time pushing back the Union troops on the battlefield but was recovered when the fighting ceased. It had been stripped of all clothing and valuables by one of the human vultures who made a business of prowling around after battles to rob the dead. The revolver now recovered was probably obtained by one of the thieves referred to and sold, eventually finding its way to New Orleans.

Source: Oswego Daily Palladium, Saturday evening, November 27, 1897.

A REICL OF THE WAR

A Revolver Recovered After Thirty Years

Was presented to Lieutenant Augustus Phillips When He Went to the Front in the 184th Regiment in 1864 And Which He Carried When Killed at Cedar Creek In Fall of That Year Found in a New Orleans Locksmith Shop Received Here Yesterday

The TIMES yesterday made brief mention of the receipt of the revolved presented to Lieutenant Augustus Phillips of this city when he went to the front in the 184th in 1864 and which was recovered in the shop of an old locksmith in New Orleans, La. about a month ago by Dr. W. H. Watkins of that city, after it had lain in the shop for many years.

Lieutenant Phillips was well-known in this city, where he resided, and is still remembered by many of our citizens.

The 184th was organized on proclamation by President Lincoln on July 18, 1864, when five hundred thousand additional troops were asked to serve an enlistment of one year. It was a very critical state of the war when the outlook was very dark for the northern army. The 184th regiment was organized by Col. W. G. Robinson of this city, and his history of the regiment, delivered by him at the encampment held at Oswego Falls, June 5, 1895, fully and concisely describes the part it took in the strife.

Lieutenant Phillips was a member of Company F (actually “D”) and his comrades say an excellent officer. He was a member of the Frontier City Lodge F. & A.M. and when he left this city it was presented with a revolver by some of his brother Masons. The inscription on the handle says that it was presented by Oswego Lodge 127 and to ascertain the reason why the lodge should have made the presentation is what is mystifying to Mr. Wilcox and other prominent masons. Nevertheless, the revolver was presented and carried by the lieutenant until taken from his lifeless body when he lay upon the field after the battle of Cedar Creek. It was on the 19th of October 1864 that this battle took place.

“Lieutenant Phillips” says Col. Robinson in his history, “was acting adjutant of the detachment, and was wounded early in the engagement. Two privates (whose names I am unable to obtain) had started to remove him from the field of battle, but they had not proceeded far when he died, and at that time the Confederates being on the advance and the Federals retiring, his body was left on the field of battle. After the battle was over, the body was recovered, but it had been stripped of everything save a part of the underclothing. I understand Lieutenant Phillips was buried on the field of battle. It is said that a day or two preceding his death, Lieutenant Phillips seemed to be laboring under a premonition of some personal disaster to himself.”

The confederates who stripped the body of Lieut. Phillips took with them the revolver that has now been recovered after so many years. Probably being short of funds the revolver was pawned and eventually found its way to the shop of the New Orleans locksmith. The locksmith had the weapon in his possession for many years before Dr. Watkins discovered it. It was about a month ago that Dr. Watkins made the discovery. He is probably a member of the masonic fraternity which prompted his action in writing the secretary of Oswego Lodge 127 and asking for particulars. S. B. Wilcox who has been secretary of this lodge for the past nineteen years, looked over the records but was unable to find the name of A. Phillips, but did find the name on the books of Frontier Lodge. Mr. Wilcox sent this information to Dr. Watkins and asked him to forward the relic and it arrived this morning. It is a revolver in the style of 1864. It has six chambers and is a thirty-eight calibre. In this days, cartridges were unknown, revolves and guns alike being loaded with powder and ball and percussion caps used. Although of an antiquated pattern, the revolver is in excellent condition and could do good service even now. Accompanying the revolver was the following clipping from a New Orleans paper:

“Every month or two from the several sections of the country once occupied by the troops of the blue and the grey during the turmoil and strife of some thirty-five years since; comes the news of relics unearthed; relics having histories and others wreathed in naught but sentiment and dimming recollections. Such a relic came to light in this city a week or two ago. Dr. W. H. Watkins while in the shop of a modest locksmith remarked about the quantity of old stuff hung upon the dingy walls of the little shop. The man of the keys commented on the truth of this observation and pushing toward an old (newspaper gone) … only distinguishing mark which made the weapon different from any other. Upon the brass strap of the hilt was inscribed the words, “Presented to A. Phillips by Oswego Lodge 127, Oswego, N.Y.” Dr. Watkins got leave to take the pistol home with him, and he at once initiated inquires as to the whereabouts of Phillips. Writing to Oswego Lodge he received a reply from the secretary saying that I have been secretary of the Oswego Lodge for nineteen years and have no record of A. Phillips.

He suggested that Dr. Watkins contact the G.A.R. and from that organization a letter was received from Colonel Robinson of that very regiment to which Phillips belonged. The writer was post commander of the G. A. R. post. He said that the pistol had been presented to Phillips on his going to war, and that the owner had given up his life at Cedar Creek. The old officer asked that the weapon be sent to the post where it will be placed in the archives. Dr. Watkins will forward … (the rest of the article is lost.)

Source: Oswego Daily Times, Saturday evening, November 27, 1897.

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: October 12, 2006
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/184thInf/184thInfCHistoryOfThe184th02.htm

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