18th Infantry Regiment
New York State Rifles; Riflemen
Mustered in: May 17, 1861
Mustered out: May 28, 1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. William A. Jackson, was accepted by the State and received
its numerical designation May 13, 1861; was organized at Albany, and there
in the service of the United States for two years May 17, 1861. May 11, 1863,
the three years' men of the regiment were transferred to the 121st N. Y. Volunteers.
companies were recruited principally: A and E at Schenectady; B, F, H
and I at Albany and immediate vicinity; C at Fishkill; D—<Walkill Guards
— at Middletown and in Sullivan county; G at Canandaigua, and K at Ogdensburg.
regiment left the State June 19, 1861; served at Washington, D. C., from
June 21, 1861; in 2d Brigade, 5th Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia,
July 13, 1861; in Franklin's Brigade, Division of Potomac, from August
4, 1861; in Newton's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, from
15, 1861; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac,
from March 13, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Corps, Army of the
from May, 1862, and, commanded by Col. George R. Myers, was honorably discharged
and mustered out at Albany May 28, 1863.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 3 officers, 28 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer,
7 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 35 enlisted men;
5 officers, 70 enlisted men; aggregate, 75; of whom 3 enlisted men died in
the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Eighteenth Infantry.—Cols., William A. Jackson, William H. Young,
George R. Myers; Lieut.-Cols., William .H. Young, George R. Myers, John
C. Maginnis; Majs., George R. Myers, John C. Maginnis, William S. Gridley.
The 18th, the "New York State Rifles," was composed
of two companies from Schenectady, four from Albany, one from Dutchess
county, one from Orange county.v one from Ontario county and one from St.
Lawrence county. It was mustered into the U. S. service at Albany, May
17, 1861, for a period of two years, and left the state for Washington
on June 18, after a month in camp near Albany. Camp on Meridian hill was
occupied until July 12, when the regiment was ordered to Alexandria and
became a part of the 2nd brigade, 5th division, Army of Northeastern Virginia.
It advanced with the army to Manassas, encountered the enemy on the Braddock
road, at Fairfax Station and Blackburn's ford, and participated in the
Bull Run battle as support for artillery. It was then withdrawn to Alexandria;
on Aug. 4, was assigned to Franklin's brigade, later commanded by Gen.
Newton; and then went into camp near Fairfax seminary, where the construction
of Fort Ward occupied the troops. On March 10, 1862, the regiment was ordered
to Fairfax Court House, but immediately returned to camp, and in April,
with the 3d brigade, 1st division, 6th corps, Army of the Potomac, moved
to Bristoe Station. Again the regiment was ordered to return to camp and
it finally reached Yorktown at the time of its evacuation by the Confederate
forces. It was active at West Point and in the Seven Days' battles, its
loss being heaviest in the battle of Games' mill. It was then stationed
at Harrison's landing until Aug. 15, when it was ordered to Newport News
and on the 24th reached Alexandria. It was engaged at Crampton's gap, Antietam
and Fredericksburg, after which it went into camp near Falmouth, until
called upon to participate in the "Mud March" and in the Chancellorsville
campaign. At Marye's heights and Salem Church the 18th was closely engaged
and lost heavily. This was the last battle of the regiment, which was soon
after ordered home and was mustered out at Albany, May 28, 1863, the three
years men being assigned to the 121st N. Y. The death loss during service
was 39 from wounds and 36 from other causes.
Battles and Casualties
Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Albany, New York Bar. Memoir of William A. Jackson, a
member of the Albany Bar, and Colonel of the 18th regiment, N.Y. volunteers,
who died at the city of Washington, November 11, 1861. Albany: Joel Munsell,
Documents relative to an attack upon the character of
the late Wm. A. Jackson. [Albany ?: 1862]. Caption title. "The charge
against him [Jackson] is, that he used his official influence to procure for
Brooks Brothers, of the City of New York, a contract for army clothing."
Compton, Ryan. 18th New York Infantry Volunteer Regiment.
Eaton, Homer. Memorial of Colonel William H. Young, edited
by Rev. Homer Eaton. Albany: Ceo. C. Riggs, printers, 1876
Jackson, William Ayrault. The following address delivered
at Albany, February 22, 1858, by the late Col. William A. Jackson, of the Eighteenth
regiment of New-York volunteers, is presented as a memento of him to the officers
and privates of the Regiment, by their friend Professor Jackson. [Albany?:,
Jackson, William Ayrault. An oration delivered at Windham
Centre, Greene county, N.Y., July 4, 1859, by the late Col. William A. Jackson,
of the Eighteenth regiment of New-York volunteers. Albany: C. Van Benthuysen,
Mattimore, Frank J. Frank J. Mattimore Diary, 1862.
Leatherbound diary approximately 9cm x 15.5 cm; first hand-written penciled chronicling various duties as surgeon. Diary and notebook of Frank J. Mattimore, Assistant Surgeon, 18th New York Volunteer Infantry. Mattimore'smdiary entries began August 11, 1862.
Items in the museum collection are in bold.
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October 13, 2009