1st Infantry Regiment
Mustered in: April 22, 1861
Mustered out: May 25, 1863
The following is taken from New
York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany:
J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
The regiment was recruited and organized in New York city to serve two years.
It was accepted by the State, and mustered in the service of the United States
at Staten Island, Companies A and F April 22; B, C, D and E April 23; I —
Scandinavian Volunteers — and K April 24 and May 3, respectively; and G
and H May 7, 1861.
The regiment, Col. William H. Allen, left the State May 20,
1861; served at
and near Fort Monroe, Va., from May, 1861; at Newport News, Va., from July 3,
1861; in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Virginia, from March, 1862;
in the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from June 6, 1862;
in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from July, 1862;
in the 3d Brigade, same division and corps, from October, 1862; and, commanded
by Col. J. Fred. Pierson, was honorably discharged and mustered out May 25, 1862,
at New York city.
The following is taken from The Union army:
a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the
regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders
and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.
First Infantry.—Cols., William H. Allen, Garret Dyckman, J.. Frederick
Pierson; Lieut-Cols., Garrett Dyckman, J. Frederick Pierson, Francis A. Leland;
Majs., James M. Turner, J. Frederick Pierson, James P. Clancy, Joseph Seamans.
The ist regiment, recruited in New York city, was mustered into the U. S. service
for a two years' term, at Staten island, April 22 to 24 and May 3 to 7, 1861,
and was the first regiment to be accepted for that length of time. On May 26
it embarked for Fortress Monroe; was there stationed until June 10, when it
received orders to move to the support of the force at Big Bethel and was active
at the battle of that: name. Returning to camp until July 3, the regiment was
then ordered to Newport News and remained there until June 3, 1862, receiving
during the winter over 370 recruits. The most noteworthy incident of this period
was the attack on the fortifications by the Merrimac on March 8, 1862. On June
6, 1862, the 1st was assigned to the 3d brigade, 3d division, 3d corps, Army
of the Potomac; was engaged at Peach Orchard and Glendale during the Seven
Days' battles, losing in the latter battle 230 members killed, wounded and
missing; was active at Malvern hill, where it was transferred to the 2nd brigade,
1st division, 3d corps, and ordered to Yorktown, thence to Manassas, where
it participated in the battle of Aug. 30. It fought at Chantilly and then remained
in the defenses of Washing-ton until Oct. 11, when it was attached to the 3d
brigade, moved to Edwards' ferry, Middleburg and finally Falmouth, where it
was stationed until the battle of Fredericksburg, in which it took part. Winter
quarters were established at Falmouth until May 2 and 3, 1863, when the 1st
was engaged at Chancellorsville, and on May 25, 1863, was mustered out at New
York. During the two years' service, the regiment lost by death 113 members,
79 from wounds and 34 from other causes.
Battles and Casualties
Table from Phisterer
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual
Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Roster - Large file size. These files range from 4 MB to 41 MB.
This is in PDF format.
Thanks to the New York State Library for putting these online.
Images in our collection:
||Eastman, Austin, 1st Lt.
||1st NY Inf, Co H
||Leslie, Norman B., Cpt.
||1st NY Inf, Co A
||Stevens, Francis K., 2nd Lt.
||1st NY Inf, Co G
CDV is explained here
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Bjerg, Werner (Report) LeighColl Book 46: 27 (Capt's report,
Jun 2, 1861)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.
Lowry, Thomas P. 1932- (Thomas Power) "Flames at Buckroe Farm: Col. William H. Allen." Curmudgeons, drunkards, and outright fools : courts-martial of Civil War Union colonels. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003, 1997. 11-16.
Miscellaneous items, 1822-1900.
Abstract: Three letters, Aug. 1863 and Sept, 1864, from E.H. Eggleston of the
2nd Ohio Infantry mostly discuss the activities of his regiment in West Virginia
and Tennessee with references to Morgan's raid into Ohio and his actions in
Kentucky. Two letters, 1861, from John Lorighner at Camp Orr, Penn. discuss
camp life, the war and family news. One letter, April 1862, from R.R. Blair
in Annapolis, Md. discusses being stationed in that city. One letter, Nov.
1864, from Leonard Mitchelson with the 124th Ill Inf., Co. F in Vicksburg,
Miss. discusses activities at Vicksburg, family and friends, and the celebration
of Lincoln's re-election. Discharge, Dec. 1863, of Samuel J. Clark of the 9th
New York Infantry due to Illness. Copy of letter from John Andrews, Governor
of Mass., to Gen. Joseph Totten recommending William E. Hall for appointment
to West Point. Account of clothing, Nov. 1863-June 1865 for the 91st Penn.
Infantry, Co. C signed by Lt. Joseph Everhart. Attendance record, June 1861,
for the 1st New York Regiment, Co. D signed by 1st Lt. C.F. Ingersoll. Gibson
County, Tennessee document verifying election of C. Nummo as County Clerk.
1822 promissory note of Elias Bancroft to Mr. Rector. Photocopy of letter,
1900, from Dr. Gustav A.H. Wendlandt requesting a certificate to practice medicine
in Wisconsin on moving from Springfield, Ill to Princeton, Wis. Received medical
degree from University of Berlin in Germany.
Located at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Libary.
Robbins, Harvey. The Adventures and Escapes of Harvey
Robbins and family from the Rebels, near Yorktown, Virginia. [Baltimore:
Sherwood and Co., 1861] 22 pp.
Scott, Alfred. Ramapo to Chancellorsville and Beyond: J. Fred Pierson, 2002.
159 pages. Photocopies.
Memoirs of Civil War general J. Fred Pierson (1839-1932) as compiled, transcribed, typed, edited, and titled “Ramapo to Chancellorsville and Beyond: J. Fred Pierson” by Alfred and Elizabeth Scott in 2002. Pierson was an officer in Company H, 1st New York regiment.
Accession 40338. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.
United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 1st (1861-1863). New
York - Infantry - 1st Regiment [collection],
Contents: [v. 1.] Letters sent, 1861-1863 -- [v. 2.] Letters received, 1861-1863
-- [v. 3.] Regimental order book, 1861-1863.
Abstract: Also contains general orders for the regiment.
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.
Items the museum holds are in bold.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
July 7, 2017