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25th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Union Rangers; Kerrigan Rangers

History

Mustered in: June 26, 1861
Mustered out: July 10, 1863

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. James E. Kerrigan, was accepted by the State May 11, 1861; organized at Staten Island, and there mustered in the service of the United States for two years June 26, 1861. The companies were recruited in New York city; Company A was also known as the Tenth Ward Rangers, and Company D as the Eighth Ward Rangers. June 19, 1863, the three years' men of the regiment were assigned to the New York Battalion of Volunteers, but, June 23, 1863, they were transferred to the 44th N. Y. Volunteers.
The regiment left the State July 3, 1861; served at and near Washington, D. C, from July 5, 1861; in McCunn's Brigade, Army of Northeastern Virginia, from July 21, 1861; in Hunter's Brigade, Division of Potomac, from August 4, 1861; in Butterfield's Brigade, Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in Martindale's Brigade, same division, Army of the Potomac, from January, 1862; in same brigade and division, 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862; and was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Charles A. Johnson, July 10, 1863, at New York city.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 5 officers, 35 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 4 officers, 18 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 25 enlisted men; total, 12 officers, 78 enlisted men; aggregate, 90.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Twenty-fifth Infantry.—Cols., James E. Kerrigan, Charles A. Johnson; Lieut.-Cols., Edmund C. Charles, Charles A. Johnson, Henry F. Savage, . Edwin S. Gilbert, Sheppard Gleason; Majs., George Mountjoy, Henry F. Savage, Edwin S. Gilbert, Shep-pard Gleason, Patrick Connelly. The 25th, the "Kerrigan Rangers," was recruited in New York city and there mustered into the U.. S. Service on June 26, 1861, for a two years' term. It encamped at Staten Island until July 3, when it left for Washington and on July 21 moved to Alexandria. It remained in this vicinity until October, when it was assigned to Martindale's brigade, Porter's division and stationed at Hall's hill, Va. In March, 1862, the brigade and division became a part of the 3d corps, Army of the Potomac, and moved to the Peninsula, where it participated in the siege of Yorktown and the battle of Hanover Court House. In the latter engagement the loss of the regiment was 158 killed, wounded and missing out of 349 engaged. Col. Kerrigan being severely wounded. At Gaines mill the regiment again displayed its heroism. It was held in reserve during the rest of that week, but was again active at Malvern hill, with a loss of I man killed and 17 wounded. The rest at Harrison's landing was welcomed by the troops, who remained in camp there until Aug. 15, when the 25th was ordered to Newport News, thence to Falmouth and Manassas, where it was engaged with slight loss. It was withdrawn to Hall's hill and soon joined in the Maryland campaign, but was held in reserve at Antietam, and camped at Sharpsburg until Oct. 30. It arrived in the vicinity of Fredericks-burg about the middle of November; participated in the battle there with a loss of 40 in killed, wounded and missing; joined in the "Mud March" fiasco, and established winter quarters on the Fred-ericksburg railroad near Potomac creek. The regiment was not closely engaged in the Chancellorsville campaign and was mustered out at New York city June 26, 1863. During its term of service it lost 61 members by death from wounds and 28 members by death from accident, disease or other causes.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to int-historians@ng.army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Kress, John Alexander. Memoirs of Brigadier General John Alexander Kress, [n. p., 1925].

Kress, John Alexander. Autobiography of Brigadier-General John Alexander Kress, United States army (retired). [1929].

Lowry, Thomas P. "Their pants unbuttoned" : Col. James E. Kerrigan." Curmudgeons, drunkards, and outright fools : courts-martial of Civil War Union colonels. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003, 1997. 94-97.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: November 26, 2008
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/25thInf/25thInfMain.htm

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