28th Infantry Regiment
Niagara Rifles; Scott Life Guard
Mustered in: May 22, 1861
Mustered out: June 2, 1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. Dudley Donnelly, was accepted by
the State May 18, 1861;. organized at Albany, and there mustered in the service
of the United States
for two years May 22, 1861. Its three years' men were, in May, 1863, transferred
to the 60th Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A, B, C and
K at Lockport; D at Medina; E at Canandaigua; F at Batavia; G at Albion;
H at Monticello, and I
The regiment left the State June 24, 1861; served at Washington, D.
C., from June 27, 1861; in Butterfield's Brigade, Keim's Division, Patterson's
District of Pennsylvania, from July 8, 1861; in Stiles' Brigade, Banks'
Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in 1st Brigade, 1st,
Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in same
brigade and division, Department of Schenandoah, from May, 1862; in 1st Brigade,
1st Division, 2d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in the 1st
1st Division, I2th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1862;
was honorably discharged and mustered out under Col. Edwin F. Brown, June
2, 1863, at Albany.
During its service, the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 1 officer, 50 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, I officer,
10 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 47 enlisted men; total, 2 officers,
167 enlisted men; aggregate, 109; of whom 2 enlisted . men died in the hands
of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Twenty-eighth Infantry.—Cols., Dudley Donnelly, Edwin F. Brown; Lieut.-Cols.,
Edwin F. Brown, Elliott W. Cook; Majs, James R. Mitchell, Elliott W. Cook,
Theophilus Fitzgerald. The 28th, the "Niagara Rifles," was composed
of five - companies from Niagara county, two from Orleans county, one from
Ontario, one from Genesee and one from Sullivan, and was mustered into
the U. S. service for two years on May 22, 1861, at Albany. A month was
spent in camp at Camp Morgan and on June 25, the regiment left the state
for "Washington. It was assigned on July 7 to But-terfield's brigade,
Keim's division of Gen. Patterson's force, which it joined at Martinsburg,
W. Va. Camp was occupied at Berlin until Aug. 20, when the force moved
to Darnestown and remained there Until Oct. .20, when it was ordered to
Ball's bluff but did not arrive in time to take part in the battle. From
Dec. 5, 1861, to Jin. 6, 1862, the regiment encamped at Fredericksburg;
was then at Hancock until March I, and then moved to Winchester with the
1st brigade, 1st division, 5th corps, Army of the Potomac. Co. E participated
in the engagement near Columbia Furnace, Co. I in an encounter near Montevideo,
and the entire regiment was trans-ferred to the Department of the Shenandoah
in May. It marched to Front Royal, Middletown, Newton, Winchester and Bunker
Hill in May; to Williamsport and Front Royal in June, and to Culpeper Court
House and Cedar mountain in July. In the battle of Cedar mountain the loss
of the 28th was 213 killed, wounded and missing but of 339 engaged, and
of these 41 men were mortally wounded On Aug. .21, the regiment was again
in action at Rappahannock Station. On June 26 it was assigned to the 1st
brigade, 1st division 2nd corps, Army of Virginia, and on Sept. 12, to
the same brigade and division of the 12th corps, Army of the Potomac. During
the battle of Bull Run (second) the command was posted at Manassas Junction
and was then withdrawn to Centerville and Alexandria leaving there Sept.
3 for Maryland. At Antietam the command was closely engaged and the commander
of the corps, Gen. Mans-field, was mortally wounded. Gen. Williams succeeded
him in com-mand and the corps went into camp at Harper's Ferry. On Dec.
10, the regiment marched toward Dumfries, from there to Fairfax Station,
then to Stafford Court House, where it established win-ter quarters, The
last battle of the 28th was at Chancellorsville, in which the regiment
lost 78 members killed, wounded or missing. Soon after it returned to New
York and was mustered out at Albany June 2, 1863. The total loss of the
regiment during its term of service was 68 members killed or died of wounds
and 49 died from other causes.
Battles and Casualties Table from
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to email@example.com with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Boyce, Charles William.
A brief history of the Twenty-eighth regiment, New York state volunteers,
First division, Twelfth corps, Army of the
Potomac, from the author's diary and official
reports, with the muster-roll of the Regiment,
and many pictures, articles and letters from
surviving members and friends, with the report
of the proceedings of the thirty-fifth annual
reunion held at Albion, New York, May 22,
1896 [by] C. W. Boyce. Buffalo [Matthews-
Northrup co., 1896].
Boyce, Charles William. "The story of our flag, how
and restored." Maine bugle, campaign V (Rockland 1898) 182-9.
Boyce, Charles William. "The story of our flag, how
lost, found, and restored. The first reunion of Blue and Gray." BandG I
Boyce, Charles William. "A story of the Shenandoah
valley in 1862. The first Provost-Marshal [Erwin A, Bowen] of Harrisonburg,
Va." BandG III (1894) 243-8.
Brown, Benjamin Balmer. "Civil war letters." North
Dakota historical quarterly I:3 (1926/27) 60-71;
no 4 61-8.
Buckley, William. Buckley's history of the great reunion
of the North and South, and of the Blue and Gray, by William Buckley . . .
[Staunton, c1923]. [An account of the meeting of veterans of the 28th New York
regiment and the 5th Virginia regiment at Niagara Falls, May 22, 1883. The
meeting was prompted by the Virginia regiment returning the captured flag of
the New York regiment.]
King, Horatio Collins. Cedar mountain. [Brooklyn, 1902?]
 p. 2 plates (illus., port.).[A poem read at the dedication of the monument
to the 28th New York on the battlefield of Culpeper, Va., August 8, 1902.]
King, Horatio Collins. Dedication of the monument to
the 28th New York volunteers, Culpeper, Va., August
Report of proceedings of the thirty-fourth annual reunion
of the 28th reg't New York volunteers, held at Niagara Falls, New York, Wednesday,
May 22d, 1895. [Buffalo, Peter
Paul book co., printers, 1895].
Report of proceedings of the thirty-third annual reunion
28th regiment New York volunteers, held at Lockport, New York, Tuesday, May
[Buffalo, Press of Peter Paul book co., 1894].
Thirty-sixth annual reunion Twenty-eighth
regiment New York state volunteers, held at
Eldorado, on Grand island, near Buffalo, N. Y.,
August 26th, 1897. [Buffalo, Paul's press, 1897].
Rowley, William W. "The Signal corps of the army during the
rebellion, by Captain W. W. Rowley, 1893."
MOLLUS-Wis II 220-9.
Squires, Charles H. The 28th regiment, N.Y. vols., 1st
brig.-lst div., 12th army corps, at the battle of Cedar mountain, Va., Aug.
Lockport, J. H. Murphy, printer [n.d.] broadside, 25 1/2 x 29cm.
"With Banks from Strasburg to the Potomac."
BandG III (1894) 194-6.
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July 30, 2009