31st Infantry Regiment
Montezuma Regiment; Baxter Light Guards; First New York Union Volunteers
Mustered in: May 24, 1861
Mustered out: June 4, 1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. Calvin E. Pratt, was accepted by
the State May 21, 1861; organized and recruited in New York city, except
Company I, recruited at
Williamsburgh; and mustered in the United States service for two years,
field and staff and Company A May 24, Companies B, C, D, E, F, G and H May
Company I June 3, 1861, and Company K June 13, 1861, at New York city.
November 27, 1861, Company K was discontinued, the men transferred to the other
of the regiment, and the officers retained in service for some time; in
May, 1863, the three years' men of the regiment were transferred to the 121st
The regiment left the State June 24, 1861; served at and near Washington,
D. C., from June 26, 1861; in 2d Brigade, 5th Division, Army of Northeastern
from July 13, 1861; in Franklin's Brigade, Division of Potomac, from August
4, 1861; in Newton's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac,
from October 15, 1861; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of the
from March 13, 1862; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Corps, Army of the
Potomac, from May, 1862; in Light Brigade, 6th Corps, during the Chancellorsville
in May, 1863; and was mustered out and honorably discharged under Col.
Frank Jones, June 4, 1863, at New York city.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 4 officers, 52 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers,
13 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 27 enlisted men; total,
7 officers, 92 enlisted men; aggregate, 99; of whom 3 enlisted men died in
the hands of
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Thirty-first Infantry.—Cols., Calvin C. Pratt, Francis E. Pinto,
Frank Jones; Lieut.-Cols., William H. Brown, Leopold C. Newman; Majs.,
Addison Dougherty, Alexander Raszewski, R. R. Daniells, J. Barnett Sloan.
The 31st, the "Montezuma Regiment," contained one company from
Williamsburg and the others were from New York city, where it was mustered
into the U. S. service for two years on May 14 and 27 and June 13, 1861.
It left the state for Washington on June 24; proceeded to Virginia in July
with the and brigade, 5th division, Army of Northeastern Virginia; encountered
the enemy at Fairfax Court House and Bull Run; returned to Washington and
was attached to the 3d brigade of Franklin's division. On Sept. 28 it moved
to Munson's hill, thence to Springfield Station and on the return passed
the winter of 1861-62 at Fort Ward. With the 3d brigade, 1st division,
1st corps, Army of the Potomac, the regiment moved to Manassas and returned
to Alexandria in March, 1862. At West Point it met with a loss of 83 killed,
wounded or missing. The division became part of the 6th corps in May; •engaged
in the Seven Days' battles on the Peninsula; camped at Harrison's landing
until Aug. 15; was then ordered to Newport News and guarded the Fairfax
railroad at Burke's station. At Crampton's gap, Antietam, the regiment
was closely engaged and was also in the battle of Fredericksburg in December.
Winter quarters were established at White Oak Church, but were left temporarily
in Jan., 1863, for the "Mud March," then reoccupied until the
Chancellorsville movement in the following spring. In this battle the regiment
served with the light brigade of the 6th corps and lost 142 killed, wounded
or missing at Marye's heights. Returning to the old camp until May 21,
the regiment left at that time for New York city and was there mustered
out on June 4, 1863, the three years' men being transferred to the 121st
N. Y. infantry. The total strength of the regiment up to Jan., 1863, was
923 members and during its term of service it lost 68 who were killed or
died of wounds and 30 who died from other causes.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to email@example.com with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
January 24, 2007