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35th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Jefferson County Regiment

History

Mustered in: June 11, 1861
Mustered out: June 5, 1863

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. William C. Brown, was accepted by the State May 25, 1861; organized at Elmira, and there mustered in the service of the United States for two years June 11, 1861. May 18, 1863, the three years' men of the regiment were transferred to the 80th Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A and E at Watertown; B — Jefferson Grays — at Copenhagen; C at Theresa; D at New York city, Buffalo and Elmira; F at Corning and Hammondsport; G at Adams; H at Cazenovia; I at Redwood, and K at Brownville.
The regiment left the State July 9, 1861; served at and near Washington, D. C., from July 13, 1861; in A. Porter's Brigade, Army of Northeastern Virginia, from July 27, 1861; in Hunter's Brigade, Division of Potomac, from August 4, 1861; in Wadsworth's Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in 2d, Patrick's, Brigade, 3d, King's, Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in 2d Brigade, Kings Division, Department of Rappahannock, from May, 1862; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in same brigade and division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1862; in the Provost Guard Brigade, Army of the Potomac, from January, 1863; at Aquia Creek, Va., from April, 1863; and was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. John G. Todd, June 5, 1863, at Elmira.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 25 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 18 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 56 enlisted men; total, 1 officer, 99 enlisted men; aggregate, 100; of whom 5 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Thirty-fifth Infantry.—Cols., William C. Brown, Newton B. Lord, John G. Todd; Lieut.-Cols., Stephen L.. Potter, Bradley Wins-low, John G. Todd, David M. Evans; Majs., Newton B. Lord, John G. Todd, David M. Evans, Sidney J. Wendell. The 35th, known as the Jefferson county regiment, was composed of six companies from Jefferson, one from Lewis, one from Steuben, one from Madison county, and one from New York city, Buffalo and Elmira, and was mustered into the U. S. service at Elmira, June 11, 1861, for two years. It left the state on July 11, for Washington; camped on Meridian hill until July 23; moved to Arlington House and was brigaded first under Col. Porter, then under Col. Keyes, and finally under Gen. Wadsworth in the 1st brigade, 1st division, 1st corps; was engaged for a time in construction work on Forts Tillinghast and Craig, and moved on Sept. 27 to Fall's Church, where it passed the winter of 1861-62. In March, 1862, camp was broken for the Manassas movement and in April the 35th proceeded to Falmouth. During the latter part of August, the regiment was in action at Rappahannock Station, Sulphur Springs, Gainesville, and participated in the second battle of Bull Run. It was present at Chantilly, but not closely engaged and then returned to Fall's Church. At South mountain the command lost 13 in killed, wounded and missing, and at Antietam the loss was 67. Until Oct. 15, the regiment encamped at Sharpsburg, then moved to Brooks' station, and was held in reserve at Fredericksburg until the day of the battle, when the loss was 23 killed, wounded and missing. In Jan., 1863, the regiment was assigned to the provost guard brigade, which was stationed at Falmouth, and also performed guard duty along the Acquia Creek railroad. On May 18 the three years men were transferred to the 80th N. Y. infantry, and the next day the regiment left Acquia Creek for Elmira, where it was mustered out on June 5, having lost 44 members by death from wounds and 56 from accident, imprisonment or disease, out of a total enrollment of 1,250.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to int-historians@ng.army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Browne, Wm. C., Colonel and Ingalls, Brockway & Beebee, printers. Volunteers wanted! An attack on Washington anticipated!! The country to the rescue! : A regiment for service under the flag of the United States is being formed in Jefferson County. Now is the time to be enrolled! ... [Watertown, N.Y.] : Ingalls, Brockway & Beebee, printers, Reformer office, Watertown, 1861.
Description: 1 sheet ([1] p.) : ill. ; 49 x 36 cm.
Genre/Form: Broadsides.
New York (State) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
Note(s): Dated and signed: Watertown, April 20, 1861. Wm. C. Browne, col. comd'g 35th Regiment./ Illustration of eagle bearing scroll with dates "1776! 1861!" follows first line of title./ N-YHS copy: fabric lining.
Located at the New York Historical Society.

Haddock, John A. "Advance of the Army." New York Reformer. March 15, 1862. 2.
Electronic copy donated by Page Johnson.

Lowry, Thomas P. "And a brandy for my horse!" : Col. Newton B. Lord." Curmudgeons, drunkards, and outright fools : courts-martial of Civil War Union colonels. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003, 1997. 40-44.

Merrell, Samuel L. and Mary P. Lyon. Samuel L. Merrell correspondence, 1861-1863.
Description: 0.4 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract: Correspondence, 1861-1863, mainly consisting of letters Merrell wrote to his wife Cornelia in Watertown (N.Y.) while he was serving with the 35th New York, a regiment raised in Elmira. There are also a few letters to his sons, a child's drawing of warlike scenes, and a letter from Mary P. Lyon offering him a congregation in Lyons Falls (N.Y.), as well as a letter written to him in 1889 by a veteran of the regiment. After being mustered in Elmira, the regiment served in the defenses of Washington (D.C.) and in various places in Virginia. Merrell writes about camp life and family news, mentioning his anxiety about the birth of their youngest child.
Note(s): Bio/History: Chaplain, 35th New York State Regiment.
General Info: Access: open to qualified researchers at the New-York Historical Society./ This collection is owned by the New-York Historical Society. Permission to publish materials must be obtained in writing from the Library Director of the New York Historical Society, Two West 77th Street, New York, NY 10024./ Occupation: Clergy.
Located at the New York Historical Society.

Randall, Artemus & Nelson - CWMiscColl (Enlisted men's letters, Sep 24, 1861,
Feb 19, 1866 & Feb 1, 1863)
Located at the Army Heritage and Education Center, 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 17013-5021

Randall, Nelson - LeighColl Book 5: 6 (Enlisted man's letter, Nov 17, 1861)
Located at the Army Heritage and Education Center, 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 17013-5021

Scott, Daniel Hubbard. Daniel Hubbard Scott diary. 1862
Description: 1 v. (132 pp.); 10 cm.
Abstract: Scott's pocket diary mentions his daily activities, marches in Virginia, weather, war news, personal expenses, his hospitalization due to a gunshot wound to his hand, and discharge.
Located at the New York Public Library.

Shaw, Albert D. A full report of the first re-union and banquet of the Thirty-fifth N.Y. vols, held at Watertown, N.Y., on December 13th, 1887. Also, including much valuable data pertaining to the history and members of the gallant 35th, past and present. Watertown: Times print, and pub. house, 1888.

Shaw, Wesley H. Letters, 1861-1865.
Description: 47 items.
Abstract: Group of letters sent to his family concerning his activities and experiences of military services during the Civil War. They contain information on camp life, garrison duties, convalescing from wounds in a hospital, and action he had seen at Antietam and Fredericksburg. Note(s): Bio/History: Civil War soldier from Otselic, New York; served in 35th NY Infantry, Co. H, 1861-1862; reenlisted for service; 2nd NY Heavy Artillery, Co. G, 1864-1865.
Located at the New York State Library.

Smithe, George C. Glimpses: of places, and people, and things. Extracts from published correspondence and other writings, 1861-1886. By Geo. C. Smithe. Ypsilanti, Michigan: "The Ypsilanti" press, 1887.

Smithe, George C. Smithe family papers, 1863-1954.
Description: ca. .5 linear ft.
Abstract: Papers of George C. Smithe, soldier in the 35th New York Infantry during the Civil War; miscellanea of his daughter, Geneva Smithe, local historian; and collected photographs.
Located at the Universtiy of Michagan.

United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 35th (1861-1863). New York Infantry, 35th Regiment, 1861-63.[New York? : s.n.,] 1888.
Located at the New York Public Library.

Wescott, Asabel B. - LeighColl Book 4: 93 (Enlisted man's letter, Apr 13, 1862)
Located at the Army Heritage and Education Center, 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 17013-5021

 

Items in the museum collection are in bold.

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: March 19, 2012
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/35thInf/35thInfMain.htm

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