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The Thorny Rose: The Americanization of an Urban, Immigrant, Working Class Regiment in the Civil War. A Social History of the 39th New York Volunteer Infantry
WORKS CITED

Primary Sources: Military: National Archives

D'Utassy, Colonel Frederick George, Defence of. 39th New York Infantry. War Department: Court Martial Record. National Archives Military Records Division: Washington D.C. 1863.

D'Utassy, Colonel Frederick George, 39th New York Infantry. War Department Court Martial Record: Findings. General Orders #159, War Dept.: Adjutant General's Office, Washington D.C.: May 29, 1863. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D. C.

D'Utassy, Colonel Frederick George, 39th New York Infantry. War Department Court Martial Record: Proceedings, May 1863. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Frixione, 2nd Lt. Rafaele 39th New York Infantry. War Department Court Martial Record. June 1862. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Heiss, August. 31st New York Infantry. War Department Court-Martial Record, 1862. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Lichtenheim, Maj. J. 58th New York Infantry. War Department Court Martial Record, 1862. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.I.

Ornesi, 1st Lt. F. 39th New York Infantry. War Department Court Martial Record. June 1862. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Repetti, Lt. Col. Alexander 39th New York Infantry. War Department Military Service Record National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Riegel, Pvt. Frederick, 45th New York Infantry-War Department Court- Martial Record. July 1862. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

"Thirty-Ninth New York." Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the United States Army for the Years 1861-1862-1863-1864-1865 (Washington: Adjutant General's Office, August 31, 1865), 476.

Thirty Ninth New York: Regimental Descriptive Book. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Thirty Ninth New York Regimental Order Book. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Thirty Ninth New York Regimental Record Books 1861-1865. National Archives Military Records Division, Washington D.C.

Primary Sources: Military Reminiscences. Diaries, etc.

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Taylor, Benjamin F. In Camp and Field. New York: Knickerbocker Press, 1903.

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Willson, Arabella. Disaster, Struggle, Triumph: The Adventures of One Thousand Boys in Blue. Albany: The Argus Company, 1870.

Primary Sources: Other Military

Halleck, H. Wager. Elements of Military Art and Science. New York: D. Appleton, 1846. Greenwood Press edition, 1971.

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Mahan, Dennis Hart. A Complete Treatise on Field Fortification, with the General Outlines of the Principles Regulating the Arrangement, the Attack and the Defense of Permanent Works. Wiley & Long, 1836. New York: Greenwood Press Edition, 1968.

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Appendix A

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
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