3rd Infantry Regiment
Mustered in: May 14,1861
Mustered out: August 28,1865
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment was accepted by the State April 25, 1861; received its numerical
designation May 7, 1861; was organized at Albany, and there mustered in the
service of the United States for two years May 14, 1861. In April, 1863,
of the members of the regiment re-enlisted for one and two years; these and
the three years' men of the regiment were formed into a battalion May 18,
and retained in the service, while those whose term of service had expired
had been sent to Albany, where they were honorably discharged May 21, 1863.
three years' men of the 9th Infantry, and sufficient drafted men were assigned
to the battalion, and the latter brought up to a regimental standard. June
1865, the men of the 112th Infantry, not discharged with their own regiment,
were transferred to this.
The original companies were recruited principally:
A — Williamsburgh
at Williamsburgh and Brooklyn; B at Newburgh, Cornwall, Fishkill and Matteawan;
C at Albany, Cohoes, Otsego, Schoharie and Troy; D at Albany; E — Syracuse
Zouaves — at Syracuse, Baldwinsville, Geddes, Salina and Skaneateles;
F at Albany, Cohoes and Stockport; G at Albany, Bethlehem, Greenbush, Pittsfield,
Sand Lake, Schenectady, Stillwater, Sudbury, Syracuse and Troy; H at Owego,
Halsey Valley, Ridgeford, Spencer and Tioga; I at Oneida, Albany, Augusta,
Hampton, New York city, Syracuse, Vernon, Walesville and Westmoreland; and
K at Havana, Alpine, Beaver Dams, Benton, Burdette, Branchport, Catherine,
Monterey, Odessa, Orange, Penn Yan, Millport and Starkey.
The regiment, Col. Frederick
Townsend, left the State May 31, 1861, and served at and near Fort Monroe,
Va., from June, 1861; at and near Baltimore, Md., from
July 30, 1863, at Suffolk, Va.; in Mansfield's Division from June 6, 1862;
at Fort Monroe, Va., Department of Virginia, from September, 1862; at Suffolk,
Va., 7th Corps, from April 19, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 7th Corps,
from June, 1863; at Fort Monroe, Va., from July, 1863; on Folly island and
Charleston harbor in Alford's Brigade, 18th Corps, from July, 1863; in the
3d Brigade, 2d Division, 10th Corps, from October, 1863; in the 1st Brigade,
Division, 10th Corps, Army of the James, from April, 1864; in the 3d Brigade,
3d Division, 18th Corps, from May 30, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division,
10th Corps, from June 15, 1864; in the same brigade and division, 24th Corps,
from December 3, 1864; in the Provisional Corps, from March, 1865; and again
in the 10th Corps, from April 2, 1863; in the First Brigade, 2d Division,
Corps, from July, 1865; and, commanded by Lieut.-Col. George W. Warren, it
was honorably discharged and mustered out August 28, 1865, at Raleigh, N.
During its service, the regiment lost by death, killed
in action, 1 officer, 23 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer,
14 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 83 enlisted men;
4 officers, 120 enlisted men; aggregate, 124; of whom 1 enlisted man died
in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.
Third Infantry.—Cols., Frederick Townsend, Samuel M. Alford, Eldridge
G. Floyd, John E. Mulford; Lieut.-Cols., Samuel M. Alford, Henry P. Hubbell,
Eldridge G. Floyd, John E. Mulford, George W. Warren; Majs., Abel Smith, Jr.,
John E. Mulford, Eldridge G. Floyd, George W. Warren, T. Ellery Lord. The 3d,
organized at Albany, was known as the 1st Albany regiment and was mustered
into the U. S. service there on May 14, 1861, for two years. Four days later
it left for New York and on June 3 arrived at Fortress Monroe. It shared in
the engagement at Big Bethel, losing 2 men killed and 27 wounded, and returned
to Fortress Monroe. On July 30 it was ordered to Baltimore and quartered at
Fort McHenry until April 1, 1862. The summer of 1862 was spent at Suffolk and
on Sept. 12, the 3d was again ordered to Fortress Monroe. The original members
not re-enlisted were mustered out in May, 1863, but the regiment remained in
the field, composed of 162 recruits, 200 veterans and the veterans and recruits
of the 9th N. Y., and subsequently received many more recruits and the veterans
of the 112th N. Y. Vols. The 3d was present during the siege of Suffolk, after
which it was ordered to Folly island, where it took an active part in the operations
against Fort Wagner, the bombardment of Fort Sumter and attacks on Charleston
in the summer and autumn of 1863, as part of Alford's brigade of the 18th corps.
In Oct., 1863, it was attached to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, l0th corps
and returned to Virginia, where it was active in the advance under Gen. Butler
in May, 1864, losing 5 killed, 50 wounded and 7 missing. It fought in the battle
of Drewry's bluff and was then transferred to the 3d brigade, 3d division,
l8th corps, which moved to Cold Harbor, where it was active until June 12,
when it returned to Bermuda Hundred. The regiment rejoined the l0th corps on
June 15, and formed part of the 1st brigade, 2nd division, with which it was
engaged in the assaults at Petersburg in June, the mine explosion of July 30,
Fort Harrison, and the Darbytown road. On Dec. 3, 1864, the 3d was attached
to the 1st brigade, 2nd division, 24th corps and sent to North Carolina, where
it was engaged at Fort Fisher, Sugar Loaf battery, Fort Anderson and Wilmington.
It remained in North Carolina performing picket and garrison duty until Sherman's
arrival and the close of the war, and was mustered out of the service at Raleigh,
Aug. 28, 1865. During the term of service the total loss of the organization
was 37 deaths from wounds and 85 from other causes.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual
Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
Other images in our collection:
||Asker, George, Pvt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co D
||Babcock, Willoughby, Lt. Col.
||3rd NY Inf, Co H
||Blanchard, Justus Wardwell, Brig. Gen.
||3rd NY Inf, Co E & Field & Staff
||6.7 x 11.0 cm.
||Burdick, Frank, 2nd Lt.
||3rd NY Inf
||6 x 20.4 cm
||Cady, William Clare
||3rd NY Inf, Co F
||Couch, Hiram L., Cpt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co K
||Dixon, George H., Cpt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co A
||Fordham, George E., Sgt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co D
||Groves, Richard S., 1st Lt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co E
||Johnson, Frank T., Cpt.
||3rd NY Inf, Cos H & E
||14.5 x 14.5 cm
||Kimball, Eliphalet B., Pvt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co B
||Lock, Charles, Pvt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co. C
||7.5 x 6.6 cm
||Mabie, Jeremiah D., Cpt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co F
||McKay, Thomas, Pvt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co D
||Oakes, John F., Pvt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co K
||7cm x 8cm
||Pitt, Samuel C., 1st Lt.
||3rd NY Inf, Cos E & G
||Ten Eyck, Jr., Jacob H., Maj.
||3rd NY Inf, Co G & Field & Staff
||6.4 x 10.3 cm.
||Todd, Edmund Andrew, Corp.
||3rd NY Inf, Co C
||Van Rensselaer, John J., Asst. Surgeon
||3rd NY Inf, Field & Staff
||6.4 x 10.5 cm.
||Warrington, William H, Sgt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co I
||Wicks, Jay M., Cpt.
||3rd NY Inf, Co D
CDV is explained here
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Babcock, Willoughby, Grace H. Babcock, Helen E. M. Babcock, Lucius A. Babcock, Samuel Babcock, Willoughby M. Babcock, Willoughby M. Babcock, Ralph D. Brown, Joseph W. Latimer, Halvor Steenerson, Warren Upham, and Loon H. Van. Willoughby Babcock and Family Papers. 1836. Archival material.
Three generations of the Babcock family are represented in the papers. The letters and diaries of Willoughby Babcock (1832-1864), a lawyer of Owego, N.Y., include more than 200 letters written to his wife while he served in the Civil War. Many were published by his grandson, Willoughby M. Babcock II, as Selections from the Letters and Diaries of Brevet-Brigadier General Willoughby Babcock of the Seventy-Fifth New York Volunteers (Albany, N.Y., 1922).
Located at the Minnesota Historical Society in St. Paul, MN.
Case, Wheeler C. "Rochester's Citizen Soldiers." Rochester historical society publications. 14 1936. 217-288.
Clark, John W. "A memorial of Captain Stephen W. Fullerton,
Jr. of the Third regiment of New-York volunteers, who died September 11, 1861,
at Newburgh, of disease contracted while in the service of his country, aged
26 years." [Newburgh, 1861] 4 p. Funeral sermon by John W. Clark.
Located at the Henry E. Huntington Library in San Marino, CA.
Correspondence to Chester A. Arthur.
Crozier, Thomas, John F. Dodge, and Henry W. Thorne. Union Civil War Letters. 1861. Archival material.
Union Civil War letters, 1861-1864, Accession #10997, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va./ Guide available.
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion.
Vol. 2. Dayton, OH:
See p. 1406 for a concise summary of the regiment's service.
Glock, Bernard. Bernard Glock Letters, 1862 - 1864 : 9th New York Volunteer Infantry. Images of letters available online at:
http://dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/9thInf/9thInf Letter Glock.htm
Goldwaite, Richard, Ellen Goldwaite, Marti Skipper, and Jane
Taylor. A handful of providence:
the Civil War letters of Lt. Richard Goldwaite, New York volunteers, and Ellen
Goldwaite. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2004.
Hubbell, Henry P. "A Democrat in Lincoln's Army." : The Civil War Letters of Henry P. Hubbell." Princeton University Library Chronicles. 50 Winter 1989. 155-168.
Longacre, Edward G., ed. From Antietam to Fort Fisher:
The Civil War Letters of Edward King
Wightman, l862 l865. Rutherford, NJ: Farleigh Dickinson Univ Pr, 1985. 295
(Also served in 9th New York Infantry).
Longacre, Edward G., ed. "The Roughest Kind of Campaigning:
Letters of Sergeant Edward Wightman, Third New
York Volunteers, May July l864." CW Hist 28 (Dec 1982): pp. 324-50.
New York (State). AGO. Annual Report...for the Year 1898.
No. 17. Albany, NY: Wynkoop,
Hallenbeck, Crawford, 1899. pp. 314-636.
of the regiment).
Phisterer, Frederick, comp. New York in the War of the
Rebellion, 1861 1865. Vol. 2. Albany,
NY: Weed and Parsons, 1890.
See pp. 1719-38 for a brief history of the regiment
and a roster of officers.
Randall, James W.
Papers, 1861-1886 (bulk 1861-1864).
Abstract: Group of letters and other papers related to Randall's military service
during the Civil War. The letters mention troop movements and military engagements
in the vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina. They also concern routine matters
such as camp life, drill, and picket duty. Other papers relate to the military
pension application filed by his family.
Originals located at the New York State Library.
Raus, Edmund J.
Where duty called them : the story of the Samuel Babcock family
of Homer, New York, in the Civil War.
Schroeder Publications, 2001.
Spears, Catherine S. The living story of a Union soldier
as related by himself and family, by C. S. B. S. Passaic, NJ: J. F. Morris
& co., printers, 1888. 18 p.
Suffolk County Historical Society. Brady, Mathew B.
Civil war collection, 1861-1978
Abstract: Town of Brookhaven Volunteer enlistment papers, list of recruits,
exemption forms, recruiting agent's receipts and certificates, 1861-1864; muster
rolls for 5th and 6th regiment of Corcoran's Irish Legion, 1862; Civil War
recollections, articles, and military documents of John G. Homan, 1863-1978;
photocopies of correspondence and resolutions, 1861-1863; articles and membership
list of 127th Regiment, Company C, New York Volunteer Infantry, 1862; photograph
of 2nd Regiment, Connecticut Heavy Artillery and survivors of Company A, 3rd
New York Volunteers; copy of muster out roll of Lt. George Collins, Company
H; and copies of Mathew Brady photographs, 1865-1910.
Located at the Suffolk County Historical Society, Helen Raynor Hannah Library
- Archives, Riverhead, NY.
Thompson, David L. "In the ranks to the Antietam." Battles and leaders of the Civil War ... : being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers. Based upon "The Century War series.". New York: Century Co, 2 c1887. 556-558.
Thompson, David L. "With Burnside at Antietam." Battles and leaders of the Civil War ... : being for the most part contributions by Union and Confederate officers. Based upon "The Century War series.". New York: Century Co, 2 c1887. 660-662.
Thompson, David Ludlow. David Ludlow Thompson correspondence,
Abstract: Correspondence, 1862-1865, consisting of letters written during Thompson's
Civil War service to his mother, Keturah Sayre Thompson, his sister, and Elias
Fairchild. A letter written from a prisoner of war camp in Richmond (Va.) in
October 1862 describes his experiences at Antietam. The collection includes
a wooden spoon which he carved in Libby Prison. Other letters, written while
he was serving with the 9th New York (Hawkins' Zouaves), and later with the
3rd New York, describe army life, mainly in Virginia and South Carolina, and
discuss news of family and friends, with occasional political comments. A letter
dated August 1863 describes his time in an army hospital in Portsmouth (Va.)
He writes vividly and with wit about the weather, the meagre and inedible rations,
the ill-fitting garments provided by the U.S. Sanitary Commission, his poor
attempts to mend his clothing, his scurvy, and his troubles with lice and other
vermin. The letters are accompanied by (inaccurate) typed transcripts, as well
as some biographical information and photocopies of published articles by Thompson
about his Civil War experiences.
Located at the New York Historical Society.
White, Andrew Dickson. "Presentation of sword, &c.,
to Lieut.-Colonel Rice ; Presentation of sword, &c., to Lieut. Geo. W.
Warren. The Albany evening journal. October 19, 1861.
Original located at the New York State Library.
Wightman, Edward. "The Roughest Kind of Campaigning: Letters of Sergeant Edward Wightman, Third New York Volunteers, May-July 1864." Civil War History. 28 (December 1982) 324-350.
Wightman, Edward King, 1835-1865. From Antietam to Fort Fisher : the Civil War letters of Edward King Wightman, 1862-1865. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1985.
Wightman, Edward King. "'It Will Be Many a Day Before Charleston Falls'." : Letters of a Union Sergeant on Folly Island, August 1863-April 1864." South Carolina Historical Magazine. 85 April 1984. 108-134.
Wightman, Edward King and Edward G. Longacre.
From Antietam to Fort Fisher : the Civil War letters of Edward
King Wightman, 1862-1865. Fairleigh Dickenson University Press, 1985.
Wilkeson, Samuel; Matteson, Carl; Eaton, John B.; Knowles,
Elizabeth; Stoddard, George N.; Hayward, John A.; Johnson, Charles E.; Brown,
Granger, Warren; Barney, L. L.; Buell, Madison; Potter, William Warren; Confederate
States of America. Army. Civil War collection, 1840-1929 (bulk 1861-1865)
Abstract: Muster rolls, histories, diaries and other official and personal
papers concerning various New York regiments and naval operations, including
the 3rd, 20th, 21st, 49th, 94th, 100th, 116th and 179th Infantry; 11th and
12th Cavalry; 1st Light Artillery (Wiedrich's Battery), 12th Light Artillery,
27th Light Artillery (Eaton's Battery), and 16th Heavy Artillery, as well as
some non-New York military units. Also included are passes used by Samuel Wilkeson
for reporting for the New York Tribune, 1861; personal letters, 1840-1882;
Confederate muster rolls and other records; documentation of war dead, particularly
from Orleans County, N.Y.; muster and descriptive rolls of Erie County; W.T.
Anderson collection of Civil War autographs, communications and maps; reminiscences
by Madison Buell and W.W. Potter, M.D.; and other materials, including autographs,
emblems, soldiers' ballots and excerpts from diaries and letters of Elizabeth
5 boxes. (2.5 linear ft.)
Located at the Buffalo & Erie County Historical Society Libary.
Items the museum holds are in bold.
Back to Civil War Infantry Units
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
January 25, 2018