4th Infantry Regiment
First Scott's Life Guard
Mustered in: May 2,1861
Mustered out: May 25,1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. Alfred W. Taylor, was accepted by the State April 25,
1861; it was organized at New York city, where it was recruited, except Company
which was recruited in Brooklyn. The companies were mustered in the service
of the United States for two years; C, D, E, F, H and K May 2; A and G May
and B and I May 9, 1861.
The regiment left the State June 3, 1861; served at
Newport News, Va., from June 7, 1861; at Baltimore, Md., from July 26, 1861;
at Havre de Grace, Md.,
from August, 1861; at Baltimore and Havre de Grace from November, 1861; at
Suffolk, Va., 7th Corps, from June 6, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 3d Division,
Army of the Potomac, from September 16, 1862; and, commanded by Col. John D.
McGregor, was mustered out and honorably discharged May 25, 1863, at New York
During its service it lost by death, killed in action,
2 officers, 48 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 19 enlisted men;
of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 23 enlisted men; total, 3 officers,
90 enlisted men; aggregate, 93.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.
Cols., Alfred W. Taylor, John D. MacGregor; Lieut.-Cols., John D. MacGregor,
William Jamieson; Majs., Alfred W. Taylor, William Jamieson, Charles W.
Kruger. The 4th, or the 1st regiment. Scott's Life Guard, was recruited
in New York city, except Co. E, recruited in Brooklyn, and was mustered
into the U. S. service from May 2 to 9, 1861, for a two years' term. On
June 3 the 4th embarked for Newport News; was quartered there until July 26;
was then ordered to Baltimore and remained there until Aug. 31, when it
was detailed to guard the railroad at and near Havre de Grace. From March
26 to June 6, 1862, it was stationed at Fort McHenry, Baltimore, and was
then assigned to the 7th corps at Suffolk, Va. It was ordered to Washington
Sept. 6, to join the Army of the Potomac, and as part of the 3d brigade,
3d division, 2nd corps, fought bravely at Antietam, where its loss was
44 killed, 142 wounded and I missing. It was posted at Harper's Ferry from
Sept. 22 to Oct. 30, when it moved to Falmouth and participated in the
battle of Fredericksburg, again losing heavily. Winter quarters were established
at Falmouth until late in April, 1863, when the army began the movement
which culminated in the battle of Chancellorsville, in which the 4th was
actively engaged. In New York city, May 25, 1863, the regiment was mustered
out, having lost by death from wounds 64 members and 24 by death from other
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual
Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Correspondence to Chester A. Arthur.
Cory, Eugene A. A Private's recollections of Fredericksburg,
by Eugene A. Cory, late Company E, Fourth. New York, 1884. 28 p.
Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891. A history of the civil war, 1861-65 : and the causes that led up to the great conflict. New York: War Memorial Association, Section 2 1912.
Lowry, Thomas P. "A miserable reptile" : Lt. Col. John Dunn MacGregor." Curmudgeons, drunkards, and outright fools : courts-martial of Civil War Union colonels. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003, 1997.
Lowry, Thomas P. "Bad blood in the 4th New York: Col Alfred W. Taylor." Curmudgeons, drunkards, and outright fools : courts-martial of Civil War Union colonels. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003, 1997. 121-124.
Items the museum owns are in bold.
Back to Civil War Infantry Units
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
September 2, 2014