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5th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
National Zouaves; Advance Guard Zouaves; Duryee Zouaves


Mustered in: May 9, 1861
Mustered out: May 14, 1863

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics

5th Battle Flag 5th Infantry National Flag

5th Battle Flag 5th Infantry Regimental Flag

Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Ameli, Alonzo. Alonzo Ameli Papers. Archival material.
Chiefly correspondence between Ameli and his brother, Peter Ameli, relating to Alonzo Ameli's Civil War service with the 5th New York Infantry Regiment, also known as Duryée's Zouaves (Duryea's Zouaves), chiefly in Maryland, Virginia, and the area surrounding Washington, D.C. Ameli describes camp life, movements of the regiment, and details of skirmishes and battles including the Battle of Big Bethel, Va., 1861. He provides his opinions on the Civil War, morale of the troops, and military leadership, especially that of George Brinton McClellan.
Located at the Library of Congress.

Atkins, Alfred. Alfred Atkins Letter, 1864 : 98th New York Volunteer Infantry. 1864. Obtained from

Bogardus, Stephen H.; Craig, Joel Gregory. Dear Eagle : the Civil War correspondence of Stephen H. Bogardus, Jr. to the Poughkeepsie Daily Eagle. Durham, NC: Paper Journey Press, 2002.

Bradley, Joseph H. ; Duryée, Hiram. ; Woodward, E. Joseph H. Bradley papers, 1861-1915.
Abstract: Papers, 1861-1915, relating to Bradley's service in the Civil War. Bradley served in the 5th New York State Volunteers, 1861-1862, reaching the rank of captain, and served as chaplain to the 10th New York Cavalry Regiment from 1864. Most of the papers are official documents of the 5th Regiment; they include minutes of officers' meetings, testimony from various soldiers to Bradley's conduct at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Colonel Hiram Duryée's report on the battle, muster rolls, returns of supplies, records of courts martial while Bradley was Judge Advocate, and other miscellaneous papers. The collection also contains Bradley's commissions, and correspondence about his pension claims and the dismissal of a charge of absence without leave in 1862. A personal letter from E. Woodward, dated 1889, contains a brief autobiography, spiritual reflections, and a holy medal.
Located at New York Historical Society.

Bradley, J.H. LeighColl Bk 49: 61 (Sketch of Capt's death, 1862).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

"Charge of forgery." Baltimore Sun. 21 October 1861. 1.

Clark, Chas A, and Marsan H. De. Valentine & Julia. New York, N.Y.: H. De Marsan ... No. 54 Chatham St. N.Y, 1861. Song in three stanzas; first line: My Julia dear, my dear wife, I'm going to the war./ Lyrics only./ Partial loss of imprint due to printing error./ The publisher Henry De Marsan was located at 54 Chatham Street in New York from 1861 to 1864./ Text within illustrated border (De Marsan "kissing cupids" border. Cf. Wolf, E. Amer. song sheets, border G).
View online.

Claxton, Robert. C.S.M. in Memoriam. Rochester: 1865.
Located at the Rochester Public Libary.

Craig, Joel. "Editor Platt Battles the Zouzve Uniform." Military Collector and Historian. V56 N4 (Winter 2004), p. 276 - 278.

Davenport, Alfred. Camp and field life of the Fifth New York volunteer infantry (Duryee zouaves), by Alfred Davenport. New York: Dick and Fitzgerald, 1879.

Davenport, Alfred. Letter books, 1861-1863, 1876-1878.
Abstract: Davenport's letter books containing copies of his letters to his family while with the 5th Regiment, N.Y.S.V., from April 1861-April 1863 during the Civil War. He gives detailed accounts of his experiences including fighting in the Peninsular Campaign of 1862. One volume also contains a history of the regiment and a copy of a portion of his diary during the Peninsular Campaign; the other includes an announcement for his book on the history of the regiment, meeting announcements for its veteran corps, and several clippings all from the late 1870s.
Owned by the New York Historical Society.

Davenport, Alfred HCWRTColl (Enlisted man's letter re rect officer corps, Apr 16, 1894).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Duryee, Harem HCWRTColl (GEN's letters, Sep 26, 1862-Jun 28, 1889; Lt Philip Wilson's recollections of Duryee, Jul 19, 1901).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Duryee's Zouaves, 1913. Electronic image of a painting of Duryee's Zouaves, 1913.
It was painted by Walter Otto Beck. Electronic image of a photograph of a parade, most likely a reunion of Duryee's Zouaves.

Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Vol. 2. Dayton, OH: Morningside, 1979.
See pp. 1406-07 (2 pages) for a concise summary of the regiment's service.

Ferry, Sylvester. "Yankee Letters from Andersonville Prison." Georgie Historical Quarterly XXXVIII (1954), p. 394-8.

Fifth New York Volunteers Veteran Association. Scrapbook, 1861-1901.
Abstract: Scrapbook of the Veteran Association of the 5th N.Y. Volunteers (1861-1901). Contains 150 items including letters, tickets, pamphlets, announcements, etc. relating to the Fifth Regiment and the activities of the Veteran Association.
Owned by the New York Historical Society.

Fowler, Frederick CWMiscColl (Pvt's letters, Aug 1, 1861-Oct 18, 1862).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Gilder, William H. Letters, 1862-1864.
Group of letters William Gilder wrote to his parents while serving in the army during the Civil War. Gilder details the routine experiences of military service such as camp life and drill. The letters also contain news and anecdotes about fellow soldiers and officers; commentary on military strategy, and matters of government, politics, and religion.
Located at the New York State Library.

Hennessy, John. "At the Vortex of Hell." CW Times Illus 24 (Jan 1986): pp. 10-17.
On the regiment at Battle of Second Bull Run.

Keyes, Orson S. Orson S. Keyes Correspondence. 1853. Archival material.
Orson S. Keyes (1838-1864), of Cattaraugas County, New York, was a private with the 5th New York Volunteers during the American Civil War. He was taken prisoner during a skirmish near Culpeper, Virginia on September 13, 1863 and died in prison on April 19, 1864.
Located at the Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Library.

Kilmer, G. L. "The Fighting Fifth. Gallant battle record of Duryee's New York Zouaves..." In War Department Library Pamphlet v. 270.

Kirby, Paula A. A Yankee Roams at Dusk. S.I: s.n., 2011. Print.

Leavitt, John, fl. 1865. ; Leavitt, George W.,; d. 1862, ; correspondent.; Leavitt, Joseph,; d. 1864, ; correspondent. Letter book, 1861-1865.
Abstract: A handwritten letter book compiled by John Leavitt of Maine ("I finished coppying these letters Oct. 7th 1865 & I coppyed them because they are of value to me and I was fearful that they might get mislaid"), two of whose sons (George W. and Joseph) served in the Union Army. John Leavitt transcribed in neat and legible handwriting letters written by his sons to various family members. Included are transcribed letters from acquaintances of George describing his death at the Second Battle of Battle of Bull Run on August 30, 1862. Also included is a transcribed excerpt from an Adjutant General's report describing the service and death of Joseph who, mortally wounded at the Battle of Spottsylvania on May 18, 1864, died in Alexandria, Virginia, on July 15, 1864. There are 39 letters from George Leavitt written between August 8, 1861 and August 9, 1862, when he served with Company F, 5th Regiment of New York Volunteers. The letters are written in great detail and cover numerous topics about current events, army life, and campaigning. Leavitt writes from Camp Federal Hill in Baltimore, Maryland, and then from various locations on the Peninsula in Virginia. From Baltimore he writes of evident Southern sympathies in the city, construction of a fort, various privations and lack of food, and that the war will be a long one. On the Peninsula he writes of slow progress to Yorktown due to roads clogged with military traffic, the evacuation of Yorktown, and the Union defeat at the Seven Days' Battles where only the "will of Providence saved the army." There are numerous letters from Joseph Leavitt written between June 30, 1861 and May 1864, when he served with the 5th Maine Regiment. The letters are written cover current events, army life, and campaigning on the Peninsula, at Antietam, at Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg. There are also letters written from the Mansion House Hospital in Alexandria, Virginia, where Leavitt was hospitalized for a battle wound. There are several letters from John Leavitt to his wife written in May and June 1865 from Alexandria, Virginia, where he was visiting his son Joseph in the hospital. He writes on his son's wound, prognosis, fortitude, and treatment and also describes hospital conditions. Included are two poems, "Over the River" (from the Portland Transcript of September 27, 1862) and "The Blue Coat" (to the editor of the Boston Jounral, June 2, 1866). Included are undated handwritten research notes summarizing all of George Leavitt's letters and 13 of Joseph Leavitt's letters (between June 30 and September 8, 1861).
Located at the University of Virginia.

Livingstone, Charles Brandegee; Pohanka, Brian C. Charlie's Civil War : a private's trial by fire in the 5th New York Volunteers--Duryee Zouaves and 146th New York Volunteer Infantry. Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1997.

Lloyd, Mark and Michael Codd (illustrator). Combat uniforms of the Civil War. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999.Author(s): , 1948- ; Contents: Ulysses S. Grant -- 5th New York Volunteers (Duryee Zouaves) -- 9th New York Volunteers (Hawkins' Zouaves) -- 39th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment (Garibaldi Guard) -- 79th New York (Highlanders) -- U.S. Colored Infantry -- Officer: U.S.Corps of Engineers -- U.S. Sharpshooters -- N.C.O.: U.S. Cavalry -- The Irish Brigade -- Gunner: Union Light Artillery -- U.S. Naval Officer.
Abstract: Describes the military uniforms worn by individual units of Federal and Confederate armies during the Civil War as well as the battlefield activities of these units.

McBeth, James E, William Lorch, Giles B. Kellogg, William E. Conrow, and Luke Conrow. William E. Conrow Letters. , 1862. Archival material.
James E. McBeth letters to William E. Conrow concerning activities of: the 5th New York State Volunteers, April-July, 1862, Peninsular Campaign in Virginia...
Located at the New York Historical Society Library.

McCully, Bruce. "The Civil War Diary of Samuel Tiebout, Fifth New York volunteer Infantry." New York History. V24 Nos 2 and 3.

McIlvaine, William, Jr. "Painting the Peninsula." : The War in Watercolors." Civil War Times Illustrated. 18 :8 December, 1979. 23-26.

Meloy, George MeloyColl (Enlisted man's letter, Jun 11, 1861).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Mitchell, George A, George H. Mitchell, George A. Mitchell, Sarah Mitchell, and Jim Mitchell. George A. Mitchell Letters. 1861. Print.
Letters from George A. Mitchell to his parents and brother, dated between April 28, 1861 and Feb. 24, 1865. He describes camp life, battles, illness and marching orders during his time in the 5th New York Infantry Regiment and Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War.
Located at the New York Historical Society Library.

Moore, J. Michael. "Second Battalion, Duryee Zouaves Officer's Uniform." Military Collector and Historian. V55 N2 (Summer 2003), p. 110 - 112.

New York (State). AGO. Annual Report...for the Year 1898. No. 17 Albany, NY: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford, 1899. pp. 777-1244.
(Alphabetical roster of the regiment).

"Officer, 5th New York Volunteer Infantry." : Duryee Zouaves." Military Collector & Historian. 58 :4 Winter 2006. Front Cover.

Pell, John Howland. "Letters of John Howland Pell." Pelliana I (1934) 29-51. illus.

Phisterer, Frederick, comp. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Vol. 2. Albany, NY: Weed and Parsons, 1890.
See pp. 1769-79 (13 pages) for a brief history of the regiment and a roster of officers.

Platt, William H. William H. Platt Letters. 1862. Archival material.
Letters from William H. Platt of Port Jefferson, N.Y., to members of his family, written while he was serving with the 5th and 146th New York regiments, in northern Virginia, 1862-1865; letters from Platt's brother, Jesse K. Platt, serving with the 127th New York Regiment in Virginia and South Carolina, 1862-1864; and a few miscellaneous business papers, 1893- 1915.
In the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (#3916-z)./ Photocopies; originals in private hands in 1970.

Pohanka, Brian C. "'Boys, Won't I Make a Fine Looking Corpse?': Duryee's Zouaves at Second Bull Run." CW Regts Vol. 1, No. 2: pp. 29-41.

Pohanka, Brian C. "Charge Bayonets: The 5th New York Infantry at the Battle of Gaines' Mill." CW Times Illus 33 (May/Jun 1993): pp. 30-35 & 38-39.

Pohanka, Brian C. "Duryee's Zouaves: The 5th New York Infantry." CW Regts Vol. 1, No. 2: pp. 7-28.

Pohanka, Brian C. "A Zouave Sharpshooter." Mil Images Mag 23 (Jul/Aug 1991): pp. 18-19.

Pohanka, Brian C. Vortex of Hell: A History of the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry : Duryée's Zouaves (1861-1863). Lynchburg, Va: Schroeder Publications, 2012. Print.

Pohanka, Brian C., ed. "'I Hardly Have the Heart to Write These Few Lines.'" CW Regts Vol. 1. No. 2: pp. 42-43.
Letter of Cpl. Thomas F. Maher, Co. D, to mother of slain comrade, Pvt. James McCarthy.

Pohanka, Brian C., ed. "'I Was There." CW 8 (Nov/Dec 1990): pp. 11 & 72 .
7 Sep 1862 letter of Sgt. Thomas E. Fish.

Pomerantz, Henry. "Hugh Judson Kilpatrick." Incidents of the Civil War. 1 :2 Summer 1986. 15-19.

Price, Elias W. Elias Winans Price Papers. 1823. Archival material.
Papers of an Essex County, N.J., family, including eighty-five Civil War letters written home by E. W. Price, serving with the 5th New York Regiment in Maryland and West Virginia. Price's letters concern the discomforts of camp life; his activities as a nurse, cook, and prison guard; the dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg; and his reactions to national news, especially the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
Located in the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (#3725-z).

[private Louis A. Matos of Co. C, 5th New York Infantry Regiment in Union Zouave Uniform]. United States, 1861.
View here.

Quarstein, John V. "First Blood at Big Bethel: A Skirmish Near the Tip of Virginia's Peninsula Served As a Harbinger of the Four-Year Bloodbath to Come." Civil War Times Illustrated. 50.2 (2011): 48-53. Print.
Virginia Historical Society Library.

Schroeder, Patrick A. (Patrick Andrew), 1968. We came to fight : the history of the 5th New York Veteran Volunteer Infantry Duryee's Zouaves (1863-1865). Brookneal, Va. Patrick A. Schroeder Publications, c1998.

Southwick, Thomas Paine. A Duryee zouave, by Thomas P. Southwick of the Fifth New York volunteers. Journal and reminiscences of camp life and the personal experiences on the march and in the field, of an ordinary, common soldier of the Civil war. [Washington, D. C.: Acme print. co., 1930].

Suffolk County Historical Society.; Brady, Mathew B. Civil war collection, 1861-1978.
Abstract: Town of Brookhaven Volunteer enlistment papers, list of recruits, exemption forms, recruiting agent's receipts and certificates, 1861-1864; muster rolls for 5th and 6th regiment of Corcoran's Irish Legion, 1862; Civil War recollections, articles, and military documents of John G. Homan, 1863-1978; photocopies of correspondence and resolutions, 1861-1863; articles and membership list of 127th Regiment, Company C, New York Volunteer Infantry, 1862; photograph of 2nd Regiment, Connecticut Heavy Artillery and survivors of Company A, 3rd New York Volunteers; copy of muster out roll of Lt. George Collins, Company H; and copies of Mathew Brady photographs, 1865-1910.
Located at Suffolk County Historical Society, Helen Raynor Hannah Library - Archives, Riverhead, NY.

Thomas, Lorenzo. Special Orders No. 164 Signed by Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas. 1862. Archival material.
Holograph military order written on official stationery from the War Department, Adjutant General's Office, signed by Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas. Special Orders No. 164 grants a two-week leave of absence to Captain Joseph H. Bradley of the 5th New York Volunteers due to a disability.
Located at the University of California, Santa Barbara Library.

Tilney, Robert. My Life in the Army: Three Years and a Half with the Fifth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, 1862-1865. Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1912.

To the 5th New York Zouaves. Baltimore, Md.: Printed at the Clipp[er] Office, 134 Baltimore St, 1861.
Verse in eleven four-line stanzas with chorus; first line: A regiment once left New York to gain themselves a name./ The 5th New York Infantry Regiment was mustered in May 9, 1861 and mustered out May 14, 1863./ N-YHS copy damaged along creases, with slight loss of text; missing letters supplied in square brackets in imprint transcription; fabric lining.

United States.; Army.; New York Voluntary Infantry, 5th (Commemorative unit) ; Lee-Jackson Memorial, Inc. ; and the Shenandoah Valley Civil War Roundtable. The Battle of Cross Keys, June 1862-June 1976: a bicentennial feature. [Harrisonburg, Va.]? : s.n., 1976.
Note(s): Cover title./ Program of battle reenactment held Jun. 4-6, 1976.
Responsibility: sponsored by Duryee's 5th N.Y. Volunteer Infantry, the Lee-Jackson Memorial, the Shenandoah Valley Civil War Roundtable.
Located at James Madison University.

Veteran Association of the Fifth Regiment of New York Volunteer Infantry. Dedicatory ceremonies held on the battlefield of Manassas or Second Bull run, Virginia, October 20th, 1906, and May 30th (Memorial day), 1907, under the auspices of the Veteran association of the Fifth regiment of New York volunteer infantry "Duryee zouaves." [Brooklyn: Eagle press, 1907] 96 p. 2 plates (illus.).

Waud, Alfred R. [Federal troops driving the rebels from one of their batteries at Great Bethel].
Drawing on brown paper : pencil, black ink wash, and Chinese white ; 17.1 x 11.7 cm. (sheet).
Located online at [link opens new window].

Waud, Alfred R. Warrens Brigade overpowered by Longstreets advance.
Description: 1 drawing on green paper : pencil and Chinese white ; 15.3 x 33.2 cm. (sheet).
Located online at [link opens new window].

Williams, George Forrester. Bullet and shell, war as the soldier saw it. Camp, march, and picket; battlefield and bivouac; prison and hospital, by Geo. F. Williams. lllustrated from sketches among the actual scenes, by Edwin Forbes. New York: Fords, Howard & Hulbert, 1883. [Fiction]

Williams, George Forester, 1837-1920. Civil War soldier life : in camp & battle. Brookneal, VA: Patrick A. Schroeder Publications, 1998.

Williams, George Forrester. "Lights and shadows of army life." Century magazine XXVllI (1884) 803-19. illus.

Winthrop, Frederick, et al. Papers II, 1578-1977, bulk: 1817-1910.
Description: 2 boxes and 1 oversize box.
Abstract: Papers of Winthrop family members, mostly from the 19th c., but including some earlier items of John and Margaret Winthrop, John Winthrop, F.R.S., and an estate inventory of James Winthrop; and some 20th c. items, mostly genealogical notes. The bulk of the collection is personal papers of the descendants of Francis B. Winthrop, including his will and estate inventory (1817); a will (1834) of a Mary T. Smith; and correspondence among family members Thomas C., Charles F., Grenville, Eugene, their cousins Robert C. Winthrop Sr. and Jr., Robert D. Winthrop, and others. Letters (1868-74) of Eugene Winthrop from Paris include descriptions of social life there and the effects of the Franco-Prussian War. There is much genealogical information on the Winthrop family, with a few notes on the Taylor family as well. (Cont) Also, a series of Civil War letters from Frederick Winthrop, describing his activities with the 12th U.S. Infantry and the 5th N.Y. Volunteers in the battles of Fair Oaks and Spotsylvania, and the campaigns of North Anna River, Totopotomoy Creek, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Sherman's March to the Sea. A letter written by a Daniel Schambert describes the Battle of Ball's Bluff.
Located at the Massachusetts Historical Society

Woodard, Elmer. "Mystery Ammunition of the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, Duryee's Zouaves." Military Collector & Historian. 58 :4 Winter 2006. 222-223.


New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: January 25, 2018

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