New York State Militia
New York National Guard
Mustered in: May 1, 1861
Mustered out: August 7, 1861
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, located in New York city, was ordered
to proceed to Washington, D. C, April 20, 1861. It left the State with
eight companies April 28, 1861,
commanded by Col. C. Schwarzwaelder, and was mustered in the United States
service for three months May 1, 1861, at Washington, D. C. A company of
the 2d Militia was transferred to it as Company K, May 28, 1861. It served
Washington from May, 1861, and in General Patterson's army at Hagerstown,
Martinsburg, Charlestown, Bolivar Heights and Knoxville, Md., from July
1, 1861. August 7, 1861, it was mustered out at New York city. Measures to
it as a volunteer regiment for three years' service failed.
May 27, 1862,
the regiment was ordered to proceed to Washington, D. C., for a service of
three months; June 6, 1862, this order was revoked.
June 18, 1863, the regiment,
then commanded by Col. Louis Burger, was ordered to proceed to Harrisburg,
Pa., to serve thirty days; it left the State (ten
companies) June 19, 1863; served at Harrisburg, Marysville, Carlisle and
Chambersburg, Pa., under General Yates, in the 1st Brig., Dana's Div., Dept.
and was mustered out of the United States service at New York city July 22,
The regiment, not now in existence, took part in the occupation of Arlington
Heights, Va., May 24, 1861.
The following is taken from Third Annual Report of the Bureau of Military
Statistics of the State of New York, Albany: [The Bureau], (C. Wendell),
The Fifth Regiment was organized in the city of New York. It is
composed of German citizens. At the time of its departure from
the State, it numbered 600 men. The following were the field
Lieutenant Colonel—Louis Burger.
Major—George Van Amsberg.
Its position in the Militia organization is in the Second Brigade, First division.
The regiment was originally organized as artillery, but doing duty as infantry.
By Special Orders No. 60, of April 20th, 1861, Major General Sandford, commanding
First divi¬sion, was directed to detail two regiments in addition to the
Sixth, Seventh, Twelfth and Seventy-first for immediate service, to report
forthwith to the President at Washington, and subsequently by Special Orders
No. 103, of April 28th, he was instructed to detail the Fifth as one of such
regiments, and provide for their immediate transportation
to Washington, and for the issue to them of one month's supplies.
Before leaving the State, Colonel Van Buren, the Paymaster
General, paid over to the regiment on State account, $3,509.40.
The regiment left New York on the 29th of April, on board the
steam transport Kedar, for Annapolis, they proceeded thence to
Baltimore, at which place and in its vicinity, a good portion of
their three months' service was rendered, particularly at what is
termed the "Relay House," where they were employed upon
guard, picket and scout duty. "Their vigilance frequently prevented serious
results to the body of troops stationed at that post." They also did
duty along the railroad, which was a special object of their care, thwarting
any attempt to place obstacles upon the
tracks, and in this respect their services were most valuable, for a
large portion of the population of Maryland were then so strongly
disaffected towards the Union, that it was necessary to exercise
the greatest caution in guarding the lines of communication with
the Capital. On the 9th of July, the Fifth crossed the Potomac at
Williamsport, and at the time of the battle of Bull Run was serving under
General Patterson. The regiment returned to New York on the 2d of August.
See here for a brief history of the State
Militia / National Guard.
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Annual Report of Jefferson Guards for 1862. [Lewis Berger]
New York: Dec. 21, 1861.
Meyer, Anton. Geschichte des 5. Regiments der National-Garde des Staates
New-York (Jefferson Guard) von seiner Enstehung bis zur Auflösung, 1834-1882.
[New York? : s.n., 1883.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
February 5, 2010