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76th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Cortland Regiment; Cherry Valley Regiment; Otsego County Regiment; Cromwellian Regiment

History

Mustered in: January 16, 1862
Mustered out by companies: July 1, 1864 to January 1,1865.

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Colonel Nelson W. Green of Cortland received authority to recruit a regiment of infantry in Cortland county, and commenced recruiting September 2, 1861, receiving some men from the counties of Allegany and Yates. About the same time Gen. George E. Danforth received authority to recruit a regiment in the counties of Otsego and Schoharie, with headquarters at Cherry Valley, to which regiment the 39th Militia furnished a large number of men. These regiments were moved to Albany, and being below the minimum number, consolidated into one, the 76th Regiment, with N. W. Green as Colonel, January 14, 1862. Companies A, B, C, D, E, F and G were formed of eight companies of the Cortland Regiment, and H, I and K of four companies of the Cherry Valley Regiment. One company, I, of the Cortland Regiment, and the companies of Capts. Nicholas Hanson and Nelson S. Bowdish, of the Cherry Valley Regiment, were organized as a battery and assigned as Battery M to the 3d Artillery; Captain McNett's company of the Cortland Regiment was transferred to the 93d Infantry, December 28, 1861. The newly formed regiment contained also men from the counties, of Chenango, Madison, Tioga and Tompkins, and was mustered in the service of the United States for three years January 16, 1862. In May, 1863, it received the three years' men of the 24th and 30th Regiments of Infantry.
The regiment left the State January 17, 1862; served at and near Washington, D. C., in 3d Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac, from January, 1862; in the Military district of Washington from March, 1862; in Doubleday's Brigade, Department Rappahannock, from May 21, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1862; in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from January 4, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 6, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 25, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, from August, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 1864. Companies B, F and K were honorably discharged and mustered out July 1, 1864; Company A October 11; G October 20; C November 8; E November 18; I December 1, 1864; H January 1, 1865; detachments of these companies and Company D remaining in the field were, under Capt. Albert J. Jarvis, transferred to the 147th N. Y. Volunteers January 28 and 31, 1865.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 7 officers, 111 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 5 officers, 52 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 165 enlisted men; total, 13 officers, 328 enlisted men; aggregate, 341; of whom 56 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Seventy-sixth Infantry.—Cols., Nelson W. Green, W. P. Wain-wright, Charles E. Livingston; Lieut.-Cols., John D. Shaul, Charles E. Livingston, Andrew J. Grover, John E. Cook, Charles A. Wat-kins; Majs., Charles E. Livingston, Andrew J. Grover, John E. Cook, John W. Young. The 76th, the "Cortland Regiment," recruited principally in Cortland and Otsego counties, was mustered into the U. S. service at Albany, Jan. 16, 1862, for three years. It left the state the next day for Washington, was assigned to the 3d brigade of Casey's division and served in the vicinity of Washington during the first winter. It suffered its first severe loss at Manassas in Aug., 1862, when it served with the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 3d corps, losing in the several engagements of Gen. Pope's campaign, 147 in killed, wounded and missing. It was active at South mountain and Antietam, its brigade and division having been assigned to the 1st corps, with which it accompanied the cavalry advance through Philomont, Union and Upperville, Va. It participated in the battle of Fredericksburg, went into winter quarters near Fal-mouth and during the Chancellorsville movement, lost 3 men while guarding bridges. At Gettysburg the regiment took a prominent part and suffered the loss of 234 in killed, wounded and missing. Previous to this battle the ranks had been reinforced by the addition of the veterans and recruits of the 24th and 30th N. Y. infan-try, but after Gettysburg they were again sadly thinned. The regiment participated in the Mine Run fiasco, and at Brandy Station in Jan., 1864, was transferred to the 1st brigade of the same division, returning to its old brigade in March, and was later assigned to the 2nd brigade, 4th division, 5th corps, and broke camp in April for the Wilderness campaign, in which it suffered its greatest loss during the first two days—282 killed, wounded or missing. It continued to see hard service at Spottsylvania, the North Anna, Toto-potomoy, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, where it took part in the siege operations until the end of its term of service. It was mustered out by companies, July I, Oct. II and 20, Nov. 8 and 18, Dec. 1, 1864, and Jan. 1, 1865, the veterans and recruits being transferred to the 147th N. Y. infantry. The regiment lost during its term of service 175 by death from wounds and 166 by death from accident, imprisonment or disease, of whom 56 died in imprisonment. It ranks among the "three hundred fighting regiments."

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Monument at Gettysburg

76th Infantry Regimental Flag 76th Infantry Regimental Flag

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Blodgett, Alonzo. Civil War Miscellaneous Collection
(Enlisted man, Byron Mudge's letter to Adjutant of 42 NY Militia, Dec 23, 1861)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Blodgett, Hiram. Correspondence (1861-1863)
Description: 8 Items
Abstract: Letters received by Blodgett from military officials concerning the proper procedures for enlisting and mustering in soldiers.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Brief memento of Capt. Henry B. O’Reilly, who fell in the battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862. [n.p.,n.d.] 7p. (In W.D.L. pamp. V. 237.)

Burnham, Uberto Adalbert. Papers (1857-1928)
Description: 2 boxes (.75 cu. ft.).
Abstract: These papers are comprised chiefly of letters sent to Burnham's parents with details of action he witnessed at 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. Also includes many anecdotes about political and military leaders. Other papers include pocket diaries for 1863 and 1864 and a financial account book for equipment and supplies purchased by the 76th Regiment.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Callihan, David L. "Among the Bravest of the Brave: Maj. Andrew Jackson Grover of the 76th New York." Gettysburg Magazine 32 (January 2005) 49-51.

Cox, Abraham F. Civil War Miscellaneous Collection
(Playwright's story of regt, 1937)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

"The Cromwellian Regiment. Magnificent Present from Mrs. Samuel Campbell." Utica Daily Observer, January 7, 1862.
In vertical file.

Grover, Andrew, Lt. Col. Civil War Roundtable. 76th New York State Volunteers "The Cortland Regiment." www.bpmlegal.com/76NY/ (Link will open new window.)

Hall, E. George. Civil War diary, 1903.
Description: 2 v. (192 leaves) ; 22 cm
Abstract: Holograph transcription of E. George Hall's Civil War diary transcribed by Hall in 1903 for his daughter Luretta M. Harkness. The first dated entry is for 16 Jan. 1862; the last is 13 April 1863. The first twelve and a half leaves of v. 1 are in the form of a letter addressed to Hall's daughter. They recount his days in training at Camp Campbell. The first 13 and last 75 leaves of v. 2 appear to be a recollection of Civil War events from Hall's perspective in 1903. A microfilm of the diary is available for researchers.
Note(s): Bio/History: Second lieutenant in the New York 76th Infantry Regiment, which trained at Camp Campbell, near Cortland, N.Y.
General Info: Researchers must use the microfilm version. Preferred citation:
Located at Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.

Hofmann, John William, 1824-1902. Remarks on the battle of Gettysburg: Operations on the right of the First corps, Army of the Potomac. First day of the fight. Philadelphia: A.W. Auner, printer, 1880.

Krumwiede, John J. "Sergeant Edgar D. Haviland of the 76th New York Described the Horrors of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg to his Mother." America's Civil War (Nov 2000) 18 ff. (5 pages).

Lacey, George.Civil War Miscellaneous Collection
(Enlisted man's letters, Dec 1861-Dec 1865)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Marsh, Washington. Washington Marsh diaries,1861-1897.
Description: 37 v.
Abstract: Diaries describe in subjective detail his experiences in the 76th Regiment, New York Volunteers, and the 17th New York Cavalry during the Civil War, when stationed at Camp Rathbone, Albany, New York, and elsewhere. Later diaries describe the hardships of a farmer and logger on Class 1 land in Tioga County. Also, volumes of biblical texts, spelling words, and an account book.
General Info: Preferred citation: Washington Marsh diaries, #1004. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.

McLean, James L. Cutler's Brigade at Gettysburg. Baltimore, Md. Butternut and Blue, 1987.

Montieth, Robert, “The Battle of the Wilderness and the Death of General Wadsworth.” War Papers. Read Before the Commandery of the State of Wisconsin, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Published by the Commandery. Volume 1, Milwaukee: Burdick, Armitage & Allen 1891. p. 410-415.

Murray, R. L. First on the field: Cortland's 76th and Oswego's 147th New York State Volunteer Regiments at Gettysburg. Wolcott, NY: Benedum Books, c1998.

Northrop, John Worrell. Chronicles from the diary of a war prisoner in Andersonville and other military prisons of the South in 1864 ... by John Worrell Northrop, formerly Seventy-sixth New York. Wichita, Kansas: [Wining printery], 1904.

Parsons. Letter, undated.
Photocopied letter available in vertical file at Military Museum.

Partridge Family. Civil War Miscellaneous Collection
(Dr's letters, 1863-65)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Proceedings of the 76th New York infantry at the dedication of their battle monument, at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1888. Cortland: Daily Messenger print, 1889.

Richardson, Charles. Story of a Private, narrative of experiences in Rebel prisons and stockades, read before E. B. Wolcott post no. 1, Milwaukee, November 27, 1896. Milwaukee: [George Richardson, printer], 1897.

Roth, Richard. "Away Amongst Strangers": The Civil War letters and family history of Aaron M. Cutler, Battery A, First New York Light Artillery and Stephen Tillinghast Spaulding, Company G, 140th New York Volunteer Infantry, Army of the Potomac. Chicora, PA: Mechling Bookbindery, 2007.

Smith, Abram P. History of the Seventy-sixth regiment, New York volunteers, what it endured and accomplished, containing descriptions of its twenty-five battles, its marches, its camp and bivouac scenes, with biographical sketches of fifty-three officers, and a complete record of the enlisted men, by A. P. Smith, late First Lieutenant and Q.M. Cortland. Syracuse: [Syracuse, Truair, Smith & Miles, printers], 1867.

Smith, A.P. BrakeColl
(Hist & roster of unit, 1867; Pvt Franklin F. Prates letter, Jul 4, 1863)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Smith, Newton. Letters (1861-1864).
Description: 7 items.
Abstract: Letters sent to Smith's brother, Asa Smith, from various army camps in Virginia. He wrote about his experiences of life in camp, involvement in skirmishes with Confederate soldiers, and being paroled after his release from a Confederate prison.
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Stahl, Joseph. "Final Furlogh: A private at Second Bull Run." Civil War Historian. 3:1 (January/February 2007) D5.

"Taps is sounded for comrade Bradley." [San Jose] Mercury News. April, 1914.
Located in vertical files at the Museum.

Wolcott, Walter, 1859. The military history of Yates County, N.Y.: comprising a record of the services rendered by citizens of this county in the army and navy, from the foundation of the government to the present time. Penn Yan, N.Y. Express Book and Job Print. House, 1895.

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: November 25, 2008
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/76thInf/76thInfMain.htm

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