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78th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Seventy-eighth Highlanders; Lochiel Cameron Highlanders; First Regiment, Eagle Brigade

History

Mustered in: October 1, 1861 to April 12, 1862.
Consolidated with 102nd regiment of infantry: July 2,1864.

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment was organized in New York City April 26, 1862, by the consolidation of the men enlisted by Col. Samuel McK. Elliott since April, 1862, for the Lochiel Cameron Highlanders, the original 78th Regiment, and of those enlisted by Gen. Gustavus A. Scroggs for his, or part of the, 4th Regiment, Eagle Brigade, with the men enlisted by Col. Daniel Ullman for the 1st Regiment, Eagle Brigade, with the latter as Colonel. It was mustered in the service of the United States for three years between October 1, 1861, and April 12, 1862.
The companies were recruited principally: A, B and C in New York City; D in Utica; E in Buffalo; F at Bath; G at China; H at Rochester; I at Suspension Bridge, and K in Michigan.
The regiment left the State April 29, 1862; served at Washington, D. C.; at Harper's Ferry, W. Va., from May 25, 1862; in 2d Brigade, Sigel's Division, Department Shenandoah, from June 16, 1862; in 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 2d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in same brigade and division, 12th Corps, from September 12, 1862; in same brigade and division, 20th Corps, Army of the Cumberland, from April 20, 1864; and it was transferred, under Col. Herbert Hammerstein, July 12, 1864, to the 102d Infantry.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 39 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 16 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 75: enlisted men; total, 4 officers, 130 enlisted men; aggregate, 134; of whom 4 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Seventy-eighth Infantry.—Cols., Daniel Ullman, Herbert Ham-merstein; Lieut.-Cols., Jonathan Austin, Henry C. Blanchard, Henry R. Stagg, Herbert Hammerstein, William Chalmers; Majs., Henry C. Blanchard, Henry R. Stagg, William H. Randall. The 78th, known as the 78th Highlanders, was composed principally of members from New York city, Utica, Buffalo, Bath, China, Rochester and Suspension Bridge, with one company from Michigan. It was mustered into the U. S. service at New York city, Oct. I, 1861, to April 12, 1862, for a three years' term, and left for Washington on April 29. The regiment encamped for a short time at Washington and on May 25, was ordered to Harper's Ferry, where it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, Sigel's division, Department of the Shenandoah and on June 26 it became a part of the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 2nd corps, Army of Virginia. The command was first closely engaged at Cedar mountain, where it lost 22 killed, wounded or missing. At Antietam the loss was 34, and the regiment moved from there to Hillsboro and Ripon, Va., and went into winter quarters with the 12th corps, to which it had been assigned on Sept. 12, with the same brigade and division as before. At Chancellorsville in May, 1863, the 12th corps bore an important part and the 78th suffered severely—131 in killed, wounded and missing. In June the regiment moved to Gettysburg, where it was closely engaged in the battle and upon the arrival of the army in Virginia, was ordered to join the forces in Tennessee. It arrived at Bridgeport, Ala., Oct. 1; was in action at Wauhatchie, Tenn.; shared in the ensuing engagements in the vicinity of Chattanooga, and passed the winter in that locality. In May, 1864, with the same brigade and division, 20th corps, the regiment moved with Gen. Sherman on the advance toward Atlanta, being engaged at Mill Creek gap, Resaca, Dallas, and in the battles about Kennesaw mountain. On July 12, 1864, owing to depleted ranks the 78th was transferred to the 102nd N. Y. infantry, with which it completed its term of enlistment. During its service the regiment lost 58 by death from wounds and 75 from other causes.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Monument at Gettysburg

Historical Sketch

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to int-historians@ng.army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Elliott, Samuel McKenzie. The Highland brigade. [New York: ?, 1861].

Fuller, Winfield Scott and Eldred P. Gray. Record book, 1861-1869.
Description: 1 item.
Abstract: Chiefly record book (1861-1869) of two surgeons with the 78th N.Y. Infantry, Fuller and Eldred P. Gray, providing information about the infantry's sick and wounded, and medical supplies. Also served as a letter book with entries indicating the regiment was located in New York and Virginia (1862) and in Alabama (1864), and as an account book for Fuller's medical practice in Perrinton and Fairport, Monroe Co., N.Y., 1867-1869.
Note(s): Bio/History: Physician from Monroe Co., N.Y. Surgeon, 78th N.Y. Infantry, 1863-1864.
Located at Duke University.

Greene, Albert Rowland. "From Bridgeport to Ringold by way of Look out mountain, by Albert R. Greene, late First Lieutenant Seventy-eighth New York." Personal Narratives of Events in the War of the Rebellion: Being Papers Read Before the Rhode Island Soldiers and Sailors Historical Society. Volume 6. (Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States-Rhode Isalnd, MOLLUS-R.I.) Providence: Published by the Society 1889-1890, 269-312.

Howe, Thomas H. Adventures of an escaped Union soldier from Andersonville prison in 1864. San Francisco, H. S. Crocker & co.1886.
Available online at:
http://www.archive.org/details/adventuresofesca00howe

McArthur, Sullivan F. Family correspondence, 1861-1867.
Description: 1 box (ca. 200 items) (0.5 linear ft.)
Abstract: Bulk consists of letters to family members from Sullivan F. McArthur.
Note(s): Bio/History: Enlisted 9 Nov. 1861 at Bowmansville to serve three years. Fought with Co. E, 78th N.Y. Infantry, was captured at Chancellorsville and, after being paroled, transferred to Co. K., 102nd N.Y. Infantry.
General Info: Organization: Organized into two series: I. Letters from Sullivan F. McArthur, 1861-1865. II. Family letters, 1862-1867.
Located at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Archives, A64-38, Sullivan F. McArthur Family Correspondence.

Murray, R.L. (ed.) New Yorkers in the Civil War v. 4. Wolcott, NY: Benedum Books, 2004.

New York (State). Monuments Commission for the Battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga. In memoriam: George Sears Greene, brevet major-general, United States volunteers, 1801-1899. Albany: J. B. Lyon company, state printers, 1909.

Seeley, Napoleon Bonapart. Stories of the Civil war in prose and poem, [n. p., c1905].
Available online at:
http://www.archive.org/details/storiesofcivilwa00seel

Whittier, Edward, "The Left Attack (Ewell's), Gettysburg." by Brevet Captain Edward N. Whittier, U.S.V. Fifth Maine Battery. A Paper Prepared and Read before the Massachusetts Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, (MOLLUS) February 10, 1891.

 

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: November 17, 2009
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/78thInf/78thInfMain.htm

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