79th Regiment Infantry
New York Volunteers
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT FOR THE WAR.
Colonel McKenzie, of the Highland regiment, has received the following despatch
from the War Department, accepting the regiment, on condition of their serving
for three years or during the war:—
WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, May 14, 1861.
Colonel S. McKenzie, No. 7 Astor place, New York:--
Your regiment, the Seventy-ninth, is accepted, if mustered into service for
three years or during the war, and will proceed immediately, if armed and equipped,
to this city, either by rail over the New Jersey Central, by Harrisburg, York
and Baltimore, or by sea.
SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War.
OUR HILTON HEAD CORRESPONDENCE.
HILTON HEAD, PORT ROYAL, S. C. NOV. 18, 1861.
Expedition of the Highlanders to St. Helena Island—Flight of All the
White Residents Except Thieves and Negro Stealers—Capture of One of the
Bandits and Delight of the Negroes—The Advance Upon Charleston—Capture
of a British Schooner—The Naval Expedition to the Southward, &c., &c.
Last Sunday, happening into Colonel Nobles' (of the Seventy-ninth New York
Highlanders) headquarters, he stated that it was his intention to occupy St.
Helena Island with a part of his regiment. Captain More, being present, invited
me to accompany his command. We did not leave camp until Tuesday, when we commenced
to cut a road through the island so as to transport the necessary supplies;
but we found that it was a harder task than we anticipated, for the farther
we advanced the deeper we went, until we found ourselves up to our middles
in mud and water. Gladly did we receive the order from Maj. Morrison to retrace
our steps, and go around the island, where he would have boats to transport
us to him, as he had landed during the afternoon and had taken possession of
the island. As it was, some of the command did not arrive until the following
morning between two and three o'clock, worn down with fatigue and hunger; but
they soon had spread before them turkey and chickens, sweet potatoes, &c,
which the negroes brought in by the cartload. The negroes received us kindly.
They could not do too much for us, particularly as we paid for everything they
brought in; not even an orange was taken without an equivalent was given.
Here I must digress from my subject. It is a poor policy to pursue, to have
to spend millions to occupy the enemy's country, and as soon as we are landed
to pay for every necessary thing that is needed, thus giving them the means
to carry on this war against us. Napoleon's idea was that the enemy should
support his army while in their country; and why not in our case? They commenced
the war, and they should be made to pay for it. But I leave that to wiser heads
than mine to determine.
The plantation where we landed belonged to Dr. Jenkins. He has a fine large
house, beautifully furnished, and a large, tastefully laid out garden, which
entirely surrounds the house. Wednesday morning Major Morrison, with a party
of five of us, mounted, set out for a scout. We visited some five or six plantations,
all deserted except by the negroes. On inquiring of them if any white people
were on the island, they answered that all had gone to the main, except some
fourteen or fifteen on the other end of the island, who laid about the woods
in the day, and at night they visited the different plantations, robbing and
pilfering everything they could lay hands on; also that others would land in
small boats at night to capture and carry the negroes off, and if the slaves
resisted them they would shoot them down in their tracks. When night came the
negroes would take to the woods. We found plenty of corn, sweet potatoes, poultry,
also a good deal of cotton in the gin houses—some all ready for market,
but the most just as it was gathered and stored.
The following morning Colonel Nobles arrived. After breakfast he took Captain
John A. Falconer's company and advanced them some five miles to act as pickets.
The same night the negroes came in with the news that a party had landed to
carry on their old game of stealing and shooting negroes. Captain Falconer
in the morning took nine of his company, with a negro as a guide, to try and
capture them. He went about six miles further on, and after procuring a couple
of horses, he mounted two of his men to go around by the beach to destroy the
boat and prevent the enemy's retreat, while he advanced through the woods.
The party arrived on the beach at the point designated by the negro, where
they espied a robber about three hundred yards off, in a boat, trying to make
his escape. They immediately levelled their muskets and ordered him to land,
which he did. He proved to be Benjamin Chaplain, a resident of St. Helena Island.
He is a captain of a mounted rifle company, and a terror to all the negroes
on the island.
When Captain Falconer brought him in the negroes laughed and danced, and flocked
around Captain Falconer, embracing his legs, kissing his hands, and seemed
to be perfectly wild with joy at the capture of their dreaded enemy. Chaplain
said that, according to Lincoln's proclamation, any person living quietly at
home and pursuing their regular business would not be molested, and that he
was then looking after his property. He also attempted to bribe Captain Falconer
by telling him if he would let him go any sum he would demand he could have.
As soon as he was taken before General Stevens a polite note was despatched
to the United States steamer Vixen for the captain to come on shore, as he
was well acquainted with the prisoner and all of his antecedents.
This is the first capture that has been made by any of Gen. Stevens' brigade.
Captain Falconer stated that he could have captured the whole of them, but
a peremptory order came for him to return at once. Yesterday the whole of the
Seventy-ninth returned to their old camp on Bay Point.
Colonel Nobles tells me that this expedition will work its way through the
inside passage towards Charleston, and that reinforcements will be sent on
as fast as possible. The Irish brigade, he expects, will be the first lot of
troops sent. They, with the Seventy-ninth in the advance, would soon make short
work of it, supported by the gunboats and those who are here already.
There is a village on St. Helena Island called by the same name. One white
man remained there—a true Unionist. I have been unable to find out his
name. A man by the name of Coffin has several fine plantations on the island.
He had to fly, as the planters around threatened to tar and feather, then hang
him. He has a Northern lady for a wife, who fed the negroes as if they were
human beings, not brutes. Most of the planters deal out to the negroes one
peck of corn a week, which is all that is allowed them. If they raise a hog
or chicken it must be kept up and fed from the negroes' allowance.
An English schooner was captured off this port yesterday afternoon, trying
to run the blockade, supposed to have come from the British provinces. She
is now under the guns of the Wabash.
The steamship Vanderbilt hauled into the Baltic's berth this morning, to commence
discharging her enormous cargo, which is larger than any two other ships in
the (whole expedition. One fact in regard to this expedition is worth noticing.
The Vanderbilt and Ocean Queen alone carried one fourth of the troops sent
out on this expedition besides the immense quantity of rations and cargo, consisting
of commissary, quartermaster's and ordnance stores, camp equipage, &c.
The Vanderbilt, with her powerful condensers, has supplied one-half of the
fleet with fresh water since their arrival at this port.
The steamships Ariel, Daniel Webster an Roanoke, together with other light
draught steamers, are fitting out here to go on another expedition, destination
unknown. The Chief Quartermaster of this expedition, Captain R. Saxton, had
an interview on board the Vanderbilt with Captain Lefevre yesterday, and made
arrangements with Captain L. to take all the boats belonging to the Ocean Queen
and Vanderbilt to accompany the new expedition. Some of these boats will contain
about two hundred persons each. The importance of the Vanderbilt fleet in this
expedition is beyond imagination, unless to an eye witness—the steamship
Vanderbilt, supplying the whole fleet with fresh water from her condenser;
Captain Lefevre supplying the new expedition with all his boats, some twenty
in number; Chief Engineer, Mr. Germaine, supplying the Quartermaster with an
enormous spare crank pin to drive piles to build a wharf, and the chief steward,
Mr. McHenry, accommodating the army officers on board until their quarters
are fixed on shore. These are a few of the many acts of accommodation this
fleet has rendered on this expedition.
In my last I furnished you with the names of the different islands between
Hilton Head and Charleston, and the fortifications and number of guns on each,
and also spoke of the necessity of forwarding large reinforcements to this
place, and at once, so as to make this point the base of operations in carrying
this war into Africa; also the necessity of contradicting such abolition journals
as the New York Tribune, which is leading the public astray by printing, day
after day, that the South cannot hold out long, as they are in want of the
necessities of life. I say here, as I wrote in my last, that the sooner that
idea is erased from the public mind the better it will be for us and for our
causes; for instead of want they have even the luxuries of life. One thing
I will except—shoes. The planters this year, in this section of the country
have planted double the quantities of the cereals they have hitherto done,
and have enough for themselves and more to spare to the would-be Confederate
GEN. STEVENS DIES AT THE HEAD OF THE HIGHLANDERS.
The army was retreating from Centreville. The battle was fought against a Rebel
force that had penetrated five miles nearer Washington than our rear, and
was moving to strike upon the flank. Gen. Stevens' division, the advance
of Reno's corps, was on the left of the road taken by the trains, and intercepted
the enemy. He saw that the rebels must be beaten back at once, or during
the night they would stampede the wagons, and probably so disconcern our
retreat that the last division would fall a prey to their main force. He
decided to attack immediately, at the same time sending back for support.
Having made his dispositions, he led the attack on foot at the head of the
79th (Highlanders). Soon meeting a withering fire, and the Color Sergeant,
Sandy Campbell, a grizzled old Scotchman, being wounded, they faltered.
One of the color guard took up the flag, when the general snatched it from
him. The wounded Highlander at his feet cried, "For God's sake, General,
don't you take the colors; they'll shoot you if you do!" The answer was, "Give
me the colors! If they don't follow now, they never will;" and he sprang
forward crying, "We are still Highlanders; follow Highlanders; forward
my Highlanders!" The Highlanders did follow their Scottish chief, but
while sweeping forward a ball struck him on his right temple. He dies instantly.
An hour afterward, when taken up, his hands were still clenched around the
A moment after seizing the colors, his son, Capt. Hazzard Stevens, fell wounded,
and cried to his father that he was hurt. With but a glance back, that Roman
father said, "I can't attend to you now, Hazzard. Corporal Thompson, see
to my boy."
The language I have given as Gen. Stevens was taken down upon the field by
a member of his Staff. He had often remarked that if it were his fate to fall
in battle, he hoped he should be shot through the temple and die instantly.
THE EVENING POST.
FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 1864.
The Highland Regiment.
THE SEVENTY-NINTH BATTALION ORDERED TO MARCH TO-DAY.
The Seventy-ninth (Highland) regiment recently returned home, the term of enlistment
of a majority of its members having expired. The men who yet owe service to
the government, and numbering one hundred and fifty of the three hundred and
twenty-five who came home, have recently been directed to assemble on Hart's
Island, and have been organized as the "Seventy-ninth battalion." Under
this designation they are to take the field.
The batallion has been ordered to march to-day but it is likely it will be
detained until next week! It is to be under the command of Captain Andrew Baird,
who it is probable will be made a Major. Thee name of the Seventy-ninth is
thus, it is understood, to be preserved in the field.
The Seventy-Ninth regiment however, is one of our militia organizations and
will soon resume its position in General Sandford's division.
THE LATE LIEUT. JAMES KINNEAR.
Extract of a letter from the Major of the 79th to Mrs. KINNEAR:—
JAMES ISLAND, June 24, 1862.
Mrs. James Kinnear:
MADAM—I am sorry to inform you that your husband, Lieut. JAMES KINNEAR,
of this Regiment, died on or about the 19th inst. He was wounded under the
right arm in the fight on the 16th, from which he never recovered. The second
day he partially rallied, but on the third he sank rapidly, and died early
in the morning of the 19th or 20th, I am not certain which.
He was interred with the honors of his station, near our late camp. Some of
his things are here, and the remainder in Beaufort. I shall send on what are
here, and direct that those in Beaufort be sent to your address.
Let me here express my mind by saying, that his loss to the Regiment was second
only to the loss to his wife. As he was my Lieutenant when I was Captain of
Company E, I had the most favorable opportunities of judging his character,
and a more worthy, trusty, high-minded man could not be found in the service.
If there is anything I can do for you, command my services without restraint.
I am, Madam, yours respectfully,
W. W. G. ELLIOTT, Major 76th Reg't.
THE REMAINS OF THE LATE JAMES KINNEAR.
LETTER FROM COL. FARNSWORTH.
The following letter is addressed to GEORGE GEARY, of this city:— (Albany)
HEADQUARTERS 79th, (HIGHLANDERS) N. Y. V.,
HILTON HEAD, S. C , July 8, 1862.
FRIEND GEORGE—Before our troops evacuated James Island, I had the remains
of our old and much lamented friend KINNEAR, disinterred, and placed in a strong
box. I brought them with me, and buried them on this Island. I did this, because
I felt that the many personal friends of the gallant deceased, as well as his
family, would desire to have him buried among them. I have carefully, though
plainly, marked his grave.
My headquarters will be hereafter on St. Helena Island. Should any party come
after our friend's remains, they can rely upon my assistance. Do me the kindness
to communicate with me on the subject by next mail.
Major ELLIOTT, of my regiment, has charge of the personal effects of the deceased,
and by my direction will forward them by next express to his widow.
KINNEAR, at the time of his death, had nearly four months pay due him. This
his widow can obtain by making application at the proper Department at Washington,
either personally or through an attorney. His indebtedness
here—amounting to fifty or sixty dollars —I will see cancelled.
My regards to all.
Yours, truly, A. FARNSWORTH,
Colonel Commanding 79th Highlanders.
Personal.—CRAMMOND KENNEDY, late chaplain of the gallant 79th Highlanders,
formerly known as the Baptist boy preacher and revivalist, is announced to
deliver his lecture entitled, "Two weeks under Burnside in East Tennessee," on
Tuesday evening at Clayville, Wednesday at Winfield, and Friday at Waterville.
He rejoins his class (which will then be the senior) at Madison University
As we anticipated, Lieut. Matthewson arrived home last Wednesday night, on
a thirty days leave of absence—after having remained sixteen days in
the New Hallowell hospital at Alexandria. We find him in the most buoyant spirits,
and suffering less from the effects of his wound than we apprehended. He is
able to get about his room by the aid of crutches, and like a true soldier
seems anxious for the moment to arrive, when he may again be able to return
to his post of duty. On the same night of his return, he received the intelligence—unexpected
as it was gratifying—of his promotion to a captaincy in his regiment.
For one who has been hotly engaged in over twenty general battles, and we know
not how many skirmishes, this voluntary promotion is most certainly deserved
and fitly bestowed.—Fort Plain Register.
THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
Lieutenant Colonel Elliott having resigned his position in this regiment (he
having received a commission from the Unites States War Department to raise
and command another), the recruiting will be carried on as before, at the
THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
Members of this regiment now in the city desirous of joining it at the seat
of war, are requested to report themselves to Assistant Quartermaster Elliott,
at room No. 7 Clinton Hall, Eighth street. Persons in possession of uniforms
belonging to the regiment are also requested to leave them at the above mentioned
LIEUTENANT SAMUEL DOUGLAS, COMPANY H, SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
A statement appeared in this paper a few weeks ago to the effect that Second
Lieutenant Samuel Douglas, of Company H, Seventy-ninth regiment, taken prisoner
at Bull run, had been transferred to Charleston, with several other Union prisoners.
Mr. Douglas was brought down from Richmond to Fortress Monroe, under a flag
of truce, on the 10th of October, and therefore never was taken to Charleston,
as previously stated. He now holds the rank of Second Lieutenant in Hawkins'
PROMOTED.—Col. Addison Farnsworth, late of the 79th (Highlanders) Regiment,
who was wounded during the campaign of the Army of Virginia, and made a Major
in the Invalid Corps, has been promoted to a Colonelcy in the same Corps. Col.
F. is one of our oldest and most faithful volunteer officers, having gone through
the Mexican war, and was one of the first to take his place again under the
old flag on the outbreak of the Rebellion.
THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT, HIGHLAND GUARDS.
If the meeting held at 814 Broadway last night be an index of this Highland
regiment, it points it out as one of the finest that would traverse the plains
of the battle field. The very fact of its having assumed the name of one
of Old Scotia's noblest and bravest battalions cannot but stamp indelible
fame and renown upon its escutcheon, not to speak at all of the undaunted
bravery that will, undoubtedly, at no distant day, be displayed by every
member connected with the regiment when it is called upon to take its share
in those valiant exploits that await it in defence of the constitutional
freedom of this great country.
If there be any inspiration in the regimental uniform of the Seventy-ninth,
not to speak of the warlike ardor which pervades the breast of every soldier
in the corps, it will urge them forward and onward to feats of martial glory
and triumphant victory.
The meeting was called by the non-commissioned officers and privates of the
regiment; and a spirit of enthusiasm appeared to animate all present, more
particularly when the subject of the way was introduced. The hundreds of brave
fellows present appeared to have only one object in view, the defence of the
Union of the United States, and an earnest desire to support that flag which
now waves triumphant.
At eight o'clock precisely the meeting was constituted by Sergeant Beattie
being called on to preside, and who called the assemblage to order. Its object
was to endorse the resolutions passed unanimously by the officers at a previous
meeting, which appeared in our advertising columns. Mr. Wm. McKim was unanimously
elected secretary to the meeting. The chairman having explained the objects
of the meeting, it was moved, seconded and carried unanimously, that a member
from each company be appointed a committee to prepare resolutions in support
of those passed by the officers at a previous meeting. The following were then
appointed:--First company, Mr. Calderwood; Second, Mr. Heywood; Third, Mr.
Simpson; Fourth, Mr. Skillen; Sixth, Mr. Montgomery; Seventh, Mr. Mackenzie;
Eighth, Mr. Stewart; Tenth, Mr. Orr. The Fifth and Ninth Companies were not
The committee then retired, after which Mr. Metcalf was called on from all
parts to address the soldiers present. That gentleman did so in a spirit-stirring
and patriotic address.
Captain John Mason, of the Seventy-ninth, being loudly called on, next presented
himself, and addressed the meeting. The gallant officer concluded his address
amidst reiterated cheers.
Several of the speakers addressed the soldiers in patriotic speeches.
The committee having returned to the meeting, the following resolutions were
proposed and carried with a single dissentient.
Whereas, the Seventy-ninth regiment, Highland Guard being among the first in
this city who volunteered their services through the Governor of this State
to the president of the United States in support of the Union, the constitution
and the laws; and whereas the officers of this regiment received orders on
the 23d day of April, signed by major General Sandford to hold their several
commands in readiness to embark for Washington within sixty hours; and whereas,
the officers and privates of the several companies on the receipt of the above
orders, resigned and relinquished our occupations and employments, to the great
injury of ourselves, our families and in many instances to the injury of our
employers; and whereas, we have read a series of resolutions adopted by the
Board of Officers of this regiment, setting forth the unwarrantable and unjustifiable
course pursued by Major General Sandford against this regiment in using the
influence of his high position to back up misrepresentations and falsehoods;
and whereas, a decent respect for the opinions of our fellow citizens compel
us to publicly express our feelings; therefore, be it
Resolved, That the course of Major General Sandford is, in our opinion, without
precedent, impertinent and malicious, and meets with, as it justly deserves,
the condemnation and contempt of every member of this regiment.
Resolved, That we reaffirm the statement made by the Board of Officers that
the Seventy-ninth regiment, Highland Guard, was ready and eager to embark for
Washington as per order, the despatch of Major General Sandford to Governor
Morgan not withstanding.
Resolved, That our thanks are due to Brigadier General Ewen for his uniform
kindness to the officers of this regiment, and for his untiring exertions to
obtain in behalf of this regiment that acknowledgment to which we claim we
are entitled .
Resolved, That the last official act of the Colonel of this regiment meets
with our special approbation: viz: his resignation.
Resolved, That the perseverance and untiring exertions of the Board of Officers
to place the Seventy-ninth regiment on a proper war footing has been completely
successful, and commands our respect and admiration.
Resolved, That to our fellow citizens who came forward so nobly to aid the
regiment in procuring supplies, and support our wives and little ones during
our expected absence, we tender our sincere and heartfelt thanks.
Resolved, That the ungenerous treatment this regiment has received at the hands
of a few worthless officers has not dampened our love for the Union and the
constitution, and we are still ready to defend and protect those noble and
beloved institutions built by our Washington, our Jefferson and our Jackson.
Signed by Robert Calderwood, John Haywood, W. Simpson, John Skillin, Bervie
B. McKenzie, Thos. A. Stewart, David Orr, Wm. Montgomery.
The meeting shortly afterwards broke up, but not before giving three fearful
groans for general Sandford and Colonel McClay.
A special meeting of the Tenth company, Captain John Mason, was held at the
Mercer House, on Thursday evening. First Lieutenant Cornwall presided. The
following resolutions were presented and adopted:—
Resolved, That having been recruited and attached ourselves to the Seventy-ninth
Highland Guard, we hereby determine to remain permanent members of the regiment,
under our respected commander, Captain John Mason.
Resolved, That we place the most implicit confidence in the energy and devotedness
of our commanding officer; that we do not individually take any transfer or
furlough from him to pass into any other command, and that should he volunteer
into active service we resolve to go with him in a body into any corps he may
judge proper to attach himself.
The spirit displayed by the men speaks most commandingly of the untiring commander.
He seems to have infused the ardor of the true soldier into the breast of every
man under his control. The company are, with few exceptions, young men, mechanics,
hardy and intelligent. In numerical strength they muster one hundred men, and
cannot be excelled by any corps for the work of war. To-day they will attach
themselves to any volunteer regiment, and go to the seat of war in defence
of their country.
THE HIGHLAND REGIMENT.
Owing to the resignation of Colonel McLeay of the Seventy-ninth regiment, the
office of command devolves upon Lieutenant Colonel Elliott. The regiment
being ready to march, do not desire to leave without having first filled
this important post. They have therefore invited Lieutenant M. Coggswell,
of the Eighth Infantry, U. S. A., recruiting officer of the Chatham street
rendezvous, to take command.
Leave has been asked from the Secretary of War to allow Lieutenant Coggswell
to accept of the position, and if the same is granted, the tender of the Colonelcy
will be accepted. This officer has been in active service both in Mexico and
New Mexico, the regiment to which he is attached being at present stationed
at the Department of California.
A special meeting of the Board of Officers of the Seventy-ninth regiment (Highland
Guard), was held yesterday afternoon at the Mercer House, when Lieut. Col.
Elliott reported the result of negotiations with Gen. Wool and the Defence
Committee. The following resolution was then presented and adopted:—
Whereas, the volunteer corps, according to general orders from headquarters,
are intended to be moved before the militia corps:
Resolved, That the captains of this regiment report the same to the men under
their command, and afford to those desirous of joining volunteer corps an opportunity
of doing so. The regiment have also resolved upon a dress parade, and the men
remaining in the corps under the several commands will therefore each be supplied
with a uniform. Though delayed for the present the regiment may be ordered
into headquarters at any moment. The treatment of the men by those in authority
has caused great dissatisfaction and has occasioned great embarrassment, as
a great number left their situations and discontinued their business with the
expectation of being mustered into active service. The regiment, we understand,
will present eight hundred uniformed men at their dress parade, which is to
take place in the early part of next week It. is to be hoped that the government
will not overlook our valuable militia corps, and afford the men who have manifested
so much enthusiasm an opportunity of distinguishing themselves in the service
of their country.
THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
In common with the remaining New York regiments, feel deeply aggrieved at the
action of the Military Board in countermanding the orders for their departure
to Washington, The members have been taken from their employment, and no
pecuniary remuneration given them in the meantime—thus causing great
inconvenience to themselves and families. Night and day they have devoted
their time to drilling and disciplining themselves for active service, and
were highly enthusiastic to proceed to the scene of action; but the recent
order has thrown cold water on their ardor, and rendered them very, very
indignant. A meeting of the Board of Officers of the Seventy-ninth regiment
was held yesterday, at which resolutions were adopted expressive of their
sentiments in regard to the matter, and recommending application to the Secretary
of War, by the regiments remaining in the city, for the acceptance of their
services, in case the Governor does not deem it expedient to order out any
more of the militia for the service of the general government.
LETTER FROM A CAPTAIN OF THE REGIMENT.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.
For a long period General Sandford has been charged with incompetency as a
commanding officer. If no foundation existed for this indictment during the
reign of public tranquillity, the responsibilities of a state of war would
promptly dispel such an impeachment.
Let me then refer to his conduct to the Seventy-ninth, Second and other regiments
of the regular militia corps. The general orders which directed that all the
militia regiments should fill up their ranks and hold themselves ready for
marching orders, is construed by the Major General to mean that such orders
did not apply to the militia, especially the division under his command. Are
then our fine military corps, who have stood sentinels at the gates of the
constitution for the last fifty years, to be denied the right to signalize
themselves in its defence on the field of action. Such an act of injustice—such
a course of impolicy—such a culpable and criminal abuse of military authority,
if persisted in, would destroy the morale of our State forces in the future
history of our country.
To give precedence to volunteer corps in the great impending crisis of national
danger is fraught with the most disastrous consequences to the permanent force
of the State. A State militia which is denied the right to participate in the
glories and sacrifices of actual warfare when such a calamity has eventuated,
is stripped of the only means by which martial ardor is inspired and military
prestige is preserved to secure a popular respect in the era of peaceful military
I have recruited one hundred men under my command in the Seventy-ninth, most
of whom having left good situations as workmen in the city. Many of them have
closed up their businesses, patriotically resolved to serve their country.
The conduct of General Sandford leaves me in a most difficult position. I presume
all the officers in command of the respective companies, are placed in the
same situation. The bone and muscle of the mechanic—and the hard headed
energy of the rising tradesmen thus organized, demand respect for their sacrifices,
and I trust justice will yet be done, equally for their noble conduct, and
for the safety of this great country.
Of the Seventy-ninth Highland Guard.
Sword Presentation and Supper to Capt. Laing.
A complimentary supper was given last evening to Captain Laing, of the Seventy-ninth
New York Volunteers, who was wounded in six places at the battle of Bull
run, and who purposes leaving the city during the present week to join his
regiment, now at Port Royal. During the proceedings Captain Smith, the President
of the meeting, on behalf of the donors, presented Captain Laing with a handsome
claymore, and in reply the recipient gave a very graphic account of his experience
before, at and after the battle at which he received his wounds. Several
military gentlemen were present on the occasion.
THE SEVENT'Y-NINTH REGIMENT.
It has been definitely settled that the Highland Guard will not leave this
city until tomorrow evening, as it has been intimated to Lieutenant Colonel
Elliott, commanding the regiment, that the firearms now in possession of
the regiment, the old flint lock muskets, altered to percussion caps, will
be exchanged for the Enfield rifles. It is, therefore, owing to this circumstance
that the Seventy-ninth regiment is delayed. Otherwise they are fully equipped.
Since the above was in type the following official orders have been issued:—
SPECIAL ORDER—NO. 3.
HEADQUARTERS FIRST DIVISION N. Y. S. M.,
NEW YORK, May 31, 1861.
Brigadier General John Ewen is hereby directed to order Lieutentant Colonel
Elliott, commanding the Seventy-ninth regiment N. Y. S. M., to assemble his
command on Sunday, June 2, at Palace Garden, at four P. M., to proceed to Washington.
The regiment will take the Philadelphia cars, leaving foot of Cortlandt street,
and report to the Commander-in-Chief on their arrival at Washington.
By order, William Hall, Brigadier General Commanding
First Division N. Y. S. M.
J. GROSHEN HERRIOLD,
Brigadier Inspector, Acting Division Inspector.
SPECIAL ORDER—NO. 6.
HEADQUARTERS FOURTH BRIGADE N. Y. S. M.,
NEW YORK, May 31, 1861.
The foregoing special order, No 3, from Division Headquarters, are hereby promulgated.
Lieutenant Colonel Elliott, will conform thereto.
By order of John Ewen, Brigadier General Commanding.
HENRY S VAN BEUREN, Aid-de-Camp.
GENERAL ORDERS—NO. 4.
HEADQUARTERS SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT, N. Y. S. M.,
NEW YORK, May 31, 1861.
Pursuant to the foregoing division and brigade orders, this regiment will be
in readiness to leave their quarters, Palace Garden, fully uniformed and equipped,
on Sunday, the 2d day of June, at four o'clock P. M., to proceed to
Washington. Captains of companies will have their commands in readiness to
fall into line by half-past two o'clock P. M.
By order of Lieutenant Colonel L. M. Elliott.
DANIEL IRELAND, Adjutant.
DEPARTURE OF THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT FOR WASHINGTON TO-DAY.
The Seventy-ninth Highland Guard proceeds to Washington this evening, leaving
Palace Garden at five o'clock, passing by the General's quarter in Twentieth
street to receive a flag from Mrs. Ewen. General Ewen will accompany the
regiment to Washington.
It was confidently expected that the regiment would be enabled to start for
Washington yesterday morning, but Lieutenant Colonel Elliott did not feel himself
justified to take out his regiment but partially equipped and without arms.
The weapons received on Tuesday night, of which a notice appeared in yesterday's
Herald, consisted of only one hundred Enfield rifles, which was all the state
could afford to give to a first class regiment to start on a campaign. Since
the order was issued on Monday by the Union Defence Committee for the regiment
to get into marching order additional recruits have been taken in the ranks
and considerable work done. Still the Seventy-ninth was so deficient in everything
that it was a moral impossibility to start the same day as the order called
Uniforms have been distributed to the men, as well as haversacks, blankets
and under clothing. Still the most important items, knapsacks and muskets,
were kept back, and only late last night the requisite number of knapsacks
were delivered to the regiment. Captain Shillinglaw, of the Ninth company,
Secretary to the Board of Officers, has been indefatigable to get the regiment
in proper order. Late last evening he received a requisition from Captain Hayman,
United States Army, on Commissary General Welch for the requisite number of
muskets and ten thousand rounds of cartridges, which will be at the rendezvous
at eight o'clock this morning, and the regiment fully equipped. Captain Shillinglaw,
when he found that his regiment was not among those accepted by the State,
when the others of the New York State Militia were sent to the scene of action,
he took his command into the ranks of a volunteer regiment, and spent considerable
time and money to go into service. But as soon as he heard of the Seventy-ninth
regiment being under marching orders, he immediately returned, and now forms
the Ninth company of the Highland Guard. The regiment will leave their quarters
about two o'clock, and proceed to the residence of Mr. Cameron, No. 64 Fifth
avenue, where a regimental flag will be presented to them by Mrs. Cameron.
From here the march will be continued to No. 33 West
Twentieth street, where the lady of the Brigadier General will also present
the Highlanders with a stand of colors. Yesterday afternoon a dress parade
was had in the Washington Parade Ground.
SPECIAL ORDERS NO. 5.
HEADQUARTERS FOURTH BRIGADE,
NEW YORK, May 29, 1861.
Pursuant to General and Division orders, the Seventy-ninth regiment will proceed
to Washington, under command of Lieutenant Colonel McKenzie Elliott, on Thursday
evening, the 30th instant. Lieutenant Colonel Elliott will direct the regiment
to leave their quarters at Palace Garden, at 5 o'clock P. M., and take the
train of cars at Jersey City, at 7 o'clock P. M. By order of
JOHN EWEN, Brigadier General Commanding.
NEW YORK MILITARY MOVEMENTS.
DEPARTURE OF THE HIGHLAND GUARD.
After many vexatious delays, and no less than six feint starts, the Seventy-ninth
regiment Highland Guard, Lieutenant Colonel Elliott, commanding, made out to
start at last, for the seat of war, last evening, via Philadelphia and Baltimore.
The regiment mustered at their headquarters, Palace Garden, at two o'clock,
and from thence marched through Twentieth street, paying Brigadier General
John Ewen a marching salute, and to receive the General who accompanies them
to Washington. From there they proceeded to the residence of Mr. Cameron, No.
54 Fifth avenue, where the regiment received an elegant silk banner.
The route of march was then continued to the Jersey City ferry, where the regiment
embarked on the John P. Jackson and was transported to the railroad depot.
At this place the scene beggared description. As many people as the immense
building could accommodate were packed in, and it required the exertions of
the police to enforce order. His Honor Mayor Van Vorst, Chier Marinas and his
efficient aid, Mr. Ayres, were present, directing the police arrangements.
Owing to an accident happening to the baggage, by a wagon upsetting on the
New York side, the regiment did not leave the depot until near ten o'clock.
As the cars moved out of the depot the cheering was tremendous.
The members of the Highland Guard were glad to get off, and did scarcely credit
the order to leave until the locomotive finally started. They were escorted
to the train by the Caledonian Club, in full costume, and also by Brigadier
General Hall. The following is a list of their officers:—
Field and Staff Officers.—Lieutenant Colonel, S. M. Elliott, commanding;
Major, David McClelland; Adjutant, David Ireland; Quartermaster, Patrick Home;
Surgeon, James Norval, M. D.; Paymaster, John R. Watson; Engineer, John J.
Company A—Captain, Wm. Manson; First Lieutenant, Wm. Morrison; Second
Lieutenant, John A. McPherson.
Company B—Captain, James Farrish; First Lieutenant, John White; Second
Lieutenant, David Falconer.
Company C—Captain, Thomas Barclay; First Lieutenant, Kenneth Madison;
Second Lieutenant, W. A. L. Ostrander.
Company D—Captain, David Brown; First Lieutenant, John Moore; Second
Lieutenant, Wm. Falconer.
Company E—Captain, David Morrison; First Lieutenant, J. B. Ayres; Second
Lieutenant, A. Sinclair.
Company F—Captain, James Christie; First Lieutenant, Robert McNie; Second
Company G—Captain, Joseph Laing; First Lieutenant, L. Dick; Second Lieutenant,
W. B. Ives.
Company H—Captain, J. C. Coulter; First Lieutenant, Robert Campbell;
Second Lieutenant, Wm. B Drake.
Company I— Captain, R. T. Shillinglaw; First Lieutenant, Wm. Elliot;
Second Lieutenant, G. W. Pier.
Company K—Captain, H. A. Ellis; First Lieutenant, S. R. Elliott.
THE COLONEL OF THE NEW YORK SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
WASHINGTON, June 6, 1861.
Mr. Cameron, brother of the Secretary of War, and of Scotch origin, has been
appointed Colonel of the Seventy-ninth (Scotch) regiment, of New York.
The officers of this regiment appeared in full costume at Secretary Seward's
levee tonight, which was one of the most brilliant yet given by that gentlemen.
The commissioned officers of the Maine and Ohio regiments were also guests
of the Secretary of State.
MUTINY OF THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
The mutiny of a majority of this Regiment when ordered to march into the encampment
of Gen. SICKLES'S Brigade, was summarily put down, and the ringleaders will
be properly punished. The mutiny afforded General Mc-CLELLAN an opportunity
to exhibit his energy; and the mode by which he did so will increase the confidence
already felt in him as the man for the place. He took away their colors, to
be restored only when they shall prove themselves worthy of them. If the opportunity
is given them to meet the enemy, they will not be long without their colors;
for no regiment exhibited greater courage and daring at Bull's Run than the
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.
[Special Correspondence of the Sunday Mercury.]
SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT, N. Y. S. M.
CAMP BIG CHESTNUT, VIRGINIA,
via Washington, October 15, 1861.
To the Editors of the Sunday Mercury:
I had no doubt but you are surprised at not hearing from me lately, but a small
explanation will, no doubt, satisfy you that I ought to be excused. In returning
from home, after recovering from my wounds, I found myself rather unpleasantly
situated with regard to the company to which I belong. That is now happily
arranged to the satisfaction of all concerned, and I am doing my duty-at least,
with satisfaction to myself.
Now about how we are getting along. Well, we have been into four successful
skirmishes lately, and helped to build two first-rate fortifications, and several
bridges. (But you must excuse the further knowledge of them, as it might give
aid and comfort to the enemy.) All has been done under the able direction of
General I. J. Stevens, our late colonel, but who has, with the consent of the
proper authority, retained us in his brigade, as well as with the unanimous
consent of the regiment, who have the utmost confidence in his abilities as
a commander. Our pickets are now within two thousand yards of the enemy's,
and we have several exchanges almost every day. Yesterday, the Forty-ninth
Regiment, N. Y. V., were on picket, and sent out a skirmishing party, by orders
of General Stevens who also sent three of the Seventy-ninth to act as guides.
Your friend happened to be one of those selected, and by their-the Forty-ninth's-own
knowledge of the ground, and that of Colonel Cross, who commanded the expedition,
and ours combined, we arrived within three hundred yards of their pickets before
they perceived us, when they opened fire upon us They advanced their reserve
to strengthen their pickets, and our officers advanced ours to strengthen our
skirmishers, and a steady fire was kept up for about an hour. Only one of our
men--of the Forty-ninth--was wounded. How many of the enemy, we know not, but
we saw several of them fall, when the shades of evening notified us that it
was time for us to return, we having obtained the necessary information, namely,
the true position of the enemy. And one thing I must say of the Forty-ninth
Regiment and their officers, that they engaged the enemy, and stood the fire,
as well as any veterans. I was very much surprised when told that this was
the first time they had been under fire, and they knowing that five times their
number was in front of them. They returned in as good order as from parade.
Nor did we return far until we found that the Seventy-ninth were out to a man
to our assistance, should it have been required, when we—the guides—joined
our own regiment—the Seventy-ninth—and we all returned to camp
together, which was only about two miles distant from where we encountered
In the Seventy-ninth, there has been many changes since Bull Run, especially
among the officers. There are three captains and three lieutenants prisoners;
one captain was killed; one took French leave; one resigned [and one has not
yet so far recovered from his wounds as to take command; two are on furlough,
and only one of the original captains who left New York with the regiment is
with it in camp at present. There has been two elections for captains held—one
in the Fourth Company (of which David Brown was captain, and was killed at
Bull Run while leading on his company.) First Lieutenant John Moore (who was
also severely wounded at the same time) has been elected captain, to fill that
vacancy, he having returned to duty; and First Lieutenant Robert McNie has
been elected Captain of the Sixth Company, in place of Captain Crissie, who
has retired from the service. Orderly Sergeant A. Graham has been elected Second
Lieutenant of the Eighth Company, and Orderly Sergeant Keith Gilmore Second
Lieutenant of the Seventh Company. Several other officers are filled pro. tem.,
until the prisoners, or wounded, or furloughed return. Yet, with all its difficulties,
no regiment in the service has better line officers, nor is there one that
has done more service for the country; nor is there one that there is less
said about in the service that the Seventy-ninth.
As to our field officers, we have neither yet elected colonel, lieutenant-colonel,
nor major, all of which offices are now vacant. The first is vacant on account
of Colonel I. J. Stevens being appointed a brigadier general; the second on
account of Lieutenant-Colonel Elliott having resigned, and the third on account
of Major McLelland having re-signed. It is supposed that at least the two last
will he filled from the present line officers of the regiment. Several have
been spoken of for colonel, but most prominent amongst the number is Captain
Willard, United States Army, and Brigade-Major Robert Taylor, of the Fourth
Brigade, N. Y. S. M. Both are excellent officers, and the only difficulty is
to ascertain whether either one will accept, which, I believe, will be settled
in a few days.
I will now give you an account of the duty of last week. We had eight hours
rest in our bed in camp. We got wet through all our clothing three times, with
the privilege of letting them dry on our backs. One of the rain and hail storms
lasted for eight hours. I picked up one piece of hail as large as a hen's egg,
it being the largest hail ever seen by the natives in this part. The balance
of the time we were skirmishing or on picket duty, or taking a nap on the roadside
or field when relieved from duty. And for all its being the hardest week we
have had in the service, every one seemed satisfied, and made no complaint.
Our camp is now advanced, and we are again snug in our tents except when an
alarm happens, or our turn of picket duty, every fifth day. The strictest discipline
is enforced with all now, and has made us what we really think ourselves at
the present time—good soldiers.
I must now say a little about our arms. We have six different kinds of muskets
in our regiment; the most of them are the common Harper's Ferry or
Springfield smooth bore, the balance are a few Enfield rifled-muskets, best
arm in the service, some Springfield and Harper's Ferry rifles, and Minie rifles—the
three last described were picked up by the men at Bull Run. Now, I must tell
our friends, and those having control of the arms of our State, that this regiment
has agreed upon one thing; that is, that they are entitled to Enfield-rifled
muskets, and ought to have them, as we know that we have earned them. Just
fancy a regiment, on skirmishing duty, meeting face-to-face with the enemy;
at five hundred yards they open fire on us, their balls wounding our men, and
going as far beyond us. We return the fire with the common musket; our shot
fall short, or take no effect; they roar out and laugh at us; their outer pickets,
and skirmishers, and reserves are armed with the Harper's Ferry and Springfield
rifle, which are equal to the Enfield, only a little heavier.
Now, this has actually happened under my own observation, and in which I have
been a party, who, at least, tried to do my duty under the said circumstances.
Several of our friends promised and tried in vain to obtain the Enfield musket
for us; and now the only chance we think that is left is, to appeal to our
friends in the Old Country, whom we at least know have some regard for their
Why not give those common muskets to companies forming, until they are fit
to take the front in the field? Or are we denied them because we claim this
as our adopted country? We should like to have these questions answered, as
our minds are made up to have them in some way or other.
We have just (at 6 A. M., Oct. 16) returned from hunting up the cause of another
false alarm—the long-roll beat at 1 A. M.—cause was, putting green
soldiers on picket.
OCT. 16th, 3 P. M. —We have just now received the serious intelligence
that our general, I, J. Stevens, is ordered to another command by the War Department—to
what place or for what cause we know not, but we think it is on some secret
engineering expedition. He has just received a dispatch, and packed up his
things, and taken a farewell with us in less time than it took to feed his
horse; and I can assure you it brought the big tears to the eye of many a brave
man. He was much affected himself at the same time. The Board of Officers met
immediately after, and passed resolutions commendatory of his conduct, knowledge,
and bravery while in command of the Seventy-ninth Regiment, a copy of which
I will forward you as soon as I can procure it.
I understand that all officers and non-commissioned officers and privates now
on furlough or detailed on recruiting service are to be ordered to report themselves
for duty at the camp immediately—their places to be filled by wounded
members who are now able to perform that duty. I think that is a very good
move, and will be very satisfactory to the regiment. Hoping that you will excuse
the length of this letter, also the imperfections in it, I remain,
ONE OF THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT, N. Y. S. M.
The Seventy-ninth Regiment New-York Volunteers, Highlanders, left Washington
last evening, and will be received by the Caledonian Club at Pier No. 2 North
River, this morning, at 10 o'clock. On Wednesday, escorted by the Twenty-second,
Fifty-fifth and Sixty-ninth Regiments, they will be reviewed by the Mayor
and Common Council, after which a grand dinner will be given them by the
This is one of the three militia regiments which left this State for two years;
but finding, at the expiration of their term of enlistment, that the Government
was unwilling to part with them, they nobly remained another year. They were
in the battles of First Bull Run, James Island, Antietam and Fredericksburgh,
after which they went to Kentucky—from there to Mississippi, taking part
in the siege of Vicksburgh; thence to Jackson, thence back again to Kentucky,
taking part in the East Tennessee expedition under Burnside, after which they
joined the Army of the Potomac, and were in the battles of the Wilderness and
In every battle they have behaved with the utmost bravery and they now return
to us crowned with glory. It is to be hoped their reception will be worthy
of one of the bravest and most gallant regiments that ever left this City.
(N. Y. Times, Mar. 17)
The Seventy-ninth regiment (Highland Guard) reached New York yesterday, having
served out its full three years. It went out a thousand strong, and comes back
with less than one hundred of its original members, although it now has three
hundred and twenty-four men in its ranks—two hundred and twenty-four
being new recruits. These will probably return to the field, either in the
same regiment recruited up, or in some new organization.
The Seventy-ninth has been in most of the battles of the war—commencing
with the first Bull Run. Col. CAMERON, its first Colonel, was killed at Bull
Run. Gen. STEVENS, of Oregon, was also Colonel, before his promotion and death.
He was succeded by Col. FARNSWORTH, who was disabled by wounds when leading
them in battle. Lieut. Col. MORRISON was then given command.
C i t y M i l i t a r y.
THE EIGHTH REGIMENT.
On Friday evening next this regiment is ordered to assemble at the Centre Market
Armory for the purpose or receiving pay for their services in the recent riots.
THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
The following address, issued by friends of the above regiment, will explain
The New York Seventy-ninth regiment (Highlanders) has gained for itself an
honorable reputation for courage, good conduct and discipline wherever it has
served, and the citizens of New York may well feel proud of its achievements.
It was mustered into service at the beginning of the war, and was engaged in
the first eventful struggle at Manassas, and it afterwards served with credit
in South Carolina. From this department it was again transferred to the Army
of the Potomac, and at Chantilly its brave colonel (General Stevens) fell,
with its colors in his hand, in the front of the battle, and not far distant
from the place where its former colonel (James Cameron) also fell. It was afterwards
engaged at Cedar Mountain and at Antietam, where it received the thanks of
its commander on the field for its coolness and stubborn courage After the
struggle at Fredericksburg, it was transferred to the Department of the West,
and was with General Grant at the capture of Vicksburg, and after this it pursued
General Johnston to Jackson; and it is now serving in East Tennessee. Its Colonel--David
Morrison, of New York—is now acting as brigade commander, and in all
the struggles in which it has participated it has gained the praise of its
commanders, and in some cases has won the admiration of its foes. Its friends,
who desire to contribute in furnishing bonnets, are respectfully requested
to do so by handing their subscriptions to any of the members of the Executive
The Treasurer is Mr. F. H. Bartholomew, No. 84 Marion street. A meeting to
arrange matters relative to the above was held on the 18th of last month, at
the house of Mr. Bartholomew, when routine matters were attended to as before
stated. The New-York Times.
NEW-YORK, THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1864.
Arrival of the Seventy-ninth Regiment.
The Seventy-ninth Regiment New-York State Volunteers, after three years of
faithful service, returned to this City yesterday morning, their term of enlistment
having expired. They were received by the members of the Caledonian Club, and
escorted up Broadway amidst the cheering of numerous spectators. The gallant
Col. MORRISON, though suffering from a wound received in the battle at Spottsylvania
Court-house, rode at the head of his regiment. The Seventy-ninth was reviewed
about noon, in front of the City Hall, by Mayor GUNTHER and the Common Council,
after which it was escorted by the Sixty-ninth Regiment to the Jefferson Market
drill rooms, where the officers and men sat down to a sumptuous dinner. In
deference to the wishes of the returning veterans, who were anxious, after
so long an absence, to greet their families and their friends, but few speeches—and
those short and fitting—were made during the dinner.
The utmost harmony and good feeling prevailed, and every utterance of patriotic
sentiment was greeted with enthusiastic applause.
The hard service which the Seventy-ninth has seen during the past three years,
is strikingly illustrated by the fact that in May, 1861, it went out 1,000
strong, and returned yesterday with about 250 men in the ranks, and of these,
only 120 or 130 were original members of the regiment. Yet there is probably
not a man among the survivors who would not willingly shoulder his musket again,
should his services be required, and march to the defence of his country as
cheerfully and courageously as in the first year of the war.
THE SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT.
Its Return to the City—Its Brilliant History and Heroic Service.
As the sun was going down, one Sunday evening, three years since, the Seventy-ninth
New-York (Highland) Regiment, clad in the ancient and picturesque costume of
the Scottish Highlanders, passed down Broadway amid the plaudits and farewells
of a loyal multitude. They were over a thousand bayonets strong; and there
never marched to the field a thousand men braver, prouder, more intelligent
and patriotic. Since that 2d of June, 1861, the Seventy-ninth Regiment have
done an amount of soldierly service in varied and distant fields and campaigns
that seem almost incredible. In Virginia, in South Carolina, in Maryland, in
Mississippi, in Tennessee, in Kentucky, and again in Virginia, it has campaigned.
It has served under MCDOWELL, MCCLELLAN, POPE and HUNTER; under BURNSIDE in
Virginia, and under BURNSIDE in Tennessee. It has served under Brig.-Gen. GRANT,
while he commanded at Vicksburgh; under Major-Gen. GRANT while he commanded
in Tennessee: and under Lieut.-Gen. GRANT in his late operations in Virginia.
It fought at the first Bull Run, at the second Bull Run, at the bloody battles
of James Island, at South Mountain and Antietam, at Fredericksburgh, at Vicksburgh
and Jackson, at Knoxville and at the Wilderness. These are the great actions
in which it has taken part, but the minor though no less perilous fights in
which it has been engaged are numerous as the men who at first filled its populous
It has met with every variety of fortune, and seen every kind of warfare—open
field fights, attacks upon fortifications, charges upon artillery, collisions
with cavalry, bushwhacking and Indian fighting. It has besieged rebel strongholds,
and has in turn withstood a rebel siege. It has been in brave victories, East
and West, and has, on frequent fields, seen the tide of battle turn against
itself, and against the armies of the Union.
The exact number of men with which the Seventy-ninth left New-York was 1,012.
It was an old Scottish militia regiment of this City, and was one of the two
or three City militia regiments, which, as an organized body, volunteered for
the war under the first impulse of patriotic enthusiasm produced by the rebel
assault on Fort Sumter. Their term of enlistment was for two years; but, as
there was a dispute with the authorities on this point, the regiment, with
true soldierly spirit, agreed to serve out, and fight on for another year.
Col. JAMES CAMERON (brother of the then Secretary of War) a gentlemen or large
fortune and of American birth, though of strong Scottish feelings and character,
was appointed Colonel of the regiment immediately after it reached Washington,
and, as will be remembered, fell at the battle of Manassas while heroically
leading his men. The distinguished Col. ISAAC I. STEVENS, who fell at the battle
of Chantllly, was successor to Col. CAMERON, but he was soon promoted to the
rank of Brigadier. Col. FARNSWORTH next assumed command, while the regiment
was at Hilton Head, immediately after the capture of Port Royal. This officer
left his position on account of ill health, and the command of it was assumed
pro tem. by Lieut.-Col. MORRISON. From Port Royal, they returned to the Army
of the Potomac, and were with Gen. POPE through his whole campaign. Here Col.
FARNSWORTH was wounded and disabled, and the former Colonel (then Brigadier-General)
STEVENS, as already mentioned, was killed at Chantilly. It was after several
color sergeants had been shot that STEVENS seized the flag, and fell while
bearing it aloft. From March, 1862, until the present time, the former Lieutenant-Colonel
of the regiment (MORRISON) an able, accomplished, and lion-hearted officer,
has been at its head in all its engagements, and has on every occasion acquitted
himself with the highest honor. He was wounded in the head at the battle of
James Island, in which engagement the regiment lost 117 men, and was again
wounded in the Wilderness on the 9th inst. The services of the Seventy-ninth
[in Mc-CLELLAN'S campaign in Maryland, and in BURNSIDE'S campaign on the Rappadan
neck, need not here be recapitulated, nor will we more than mention its labors
on the Mississippi. Its magnificent defence of Fort Saunders, during LONGSTREET'S
desperate assault on the works around Knoxville at the close of last year,
in which assault, aided by BENJAMIN'S Battery, it repelled five regiments of
rebels, must be fresh in the memories of all. After the raising of the siege
of Knoxville, the regiment marched northward through Kentucky and reached Virginia
in season to participate in the late battles of the Wilderness.
What remains of this heroic regiment will arrive in this City to-day. The programme
is that it will be received at 7 o'clock in the morning by the Caledonian Club,
by the Sixty-ninth Regiment, Col. BAG- LEY the Fifty-fifth, Col. LE GAL, and
Twenty- second Col. ASPINWALL. At 11 o'clock it will be reviewed by the Common
Council, and then escorted to dinner at Jefferson Market Drill-room. No honors
could be too great for a regiment with such a record as this one.
MAY 24, 1864.--WITH SUP...
Welcome to the Seventy-ninth (Highlanders).
Reception and Banquet at the City Assembly Rooms.
The reception given last evening to the gallant survivors of the Seventh-ninth
regiment (Highlanders) who have returned from the glorious field of war, after
three years hard service, is an evidence of how fully their fellow countrymen
and fellow citizens acknowledge their patriotic services in defence of the
institutions of their adopted country. The immortal Wallace and his Spartan
band of brave Highlanders who followed his victorious lead through the various
and bloody contests which for a time baffled the power of the proud King Edward,
were not more cordially received by their fellow Scotsmen after the glorious
victory of Bannockburn, than were the stalwart veterans of the Seventy-ninth
by their clansmen of the Caledonia Club at the City Assembly Rooms last evening.
The room was decorated in the most artistic manner with the battle flags of
the regiment--the national ensign occupying a prominent position in the well
arranged ornamentation of the banquet hall.
At half-past seven o'clock the doors were thrown open and the veteran soldiers,
preceded by their officers, marched into the room with the measured step of
well trained cavaliers, to the music of the Highland pipes, the sound of which
brings a thrill of patriotic ardor to the heart of every true Scot, who remembers
the beloved Highlands of his ancestors in the ....
... in the bloody days when they battled for the independence of their native
The most exciting epicure could not have desired a more plentiful nor choice
selection if viands of every description than was spread out on this festive
occasion, and at eight o'clock, after prayer by the chaplain of the regiment,
that party sat down to supper.
After discussing the merits of the more substantial part of the repast, and
when the health of the returned heroes had been toasted in full, flowing bumpers
by the guests, the intellectual portion of the entertainment was commenced.
The first regular toast was "Welcome to the Seventy-ninth Highlanders." Which
was responded to by Mr. Henry G. Stevenson, who delivered a very eloquent address,
in which he referred with just pride to the valor displayed by his countrymen
on the field of battle.
At the conclusion of Mr. Stevenson's remarks the band played "Sweet Home" in
exquisite style, after which Mr. Henry Woodroof responded to the toast of the "President
of the United States."
He commenced by referring to the peculiar position in which the Chief magistrate
was placed when he assumed the responsibility of discharging the duties which
devolved upon him; the country had suddenly been transformed from a state of
profound peace into a state of intestine war, and the constitution, which made
no provision for such an emergency, left Mr. Lincoln with no other alternative
than to either call upon the people to suppress the rebellion or acknowledge
to the Powers of Europe that republicanism on this continent was a failure.
He chose the former, and the brave Highlanders, who were the recipients of
this banquet, were among the first who responded to the call. (Cheers.) Their
deeds of valor were not forgotten by their fellow citizens, and when the rebellion
will be suppressed they will have the proud satisfaction of knowing that they
have nobly contributed to that glorious result.
Mr. George Mitchell, the Chief of the Caledonian Club, who presided on the
occasion, then read the following letter from Hon. Simon Cameron:--
Harrisburg, Pa, may 22, 1864.
DEAR SIR--I am pained to be compelled to make an apology for not responding
in person to your invitation to meet the gallant Seventy-ninth on its return
from its long, brilliant and honored service in the war for the defence of
the republic. They have presented to the world a glorious spectacle of independent
valor--every one of them independent, because he relied on his own character
and his own exertions for his support. Leaving his comfortable home for the
hardships of a soldier's life, to save the country which had given them an
asylum, they were not mercenary soldiers, for they volunteered without any
bounty, and in three years service have been in all the important battles fought
in the States of Virginia, South Carolina, Maryland, Tennessee, Mississippi,
and Georgia, everywhere, by accident or design, this regiment has been put
into the front of the battles. More than once it seemed to me that they were
made the forlorn hope; that in no case has ever an individual soldier been
known to waver in the hottest of the fight; to such men all honor is due, and
I trust this country will be forever grateful to them. For some weeks I have
expected the arrival of the regiment and anticipated the pleasure of taking
the returned Highlanders by the hand, for every one of them has endeared himself
to me by associations which time cannot obliterate from my memory; and every
one of them has made me proud of his acquaintance by the heroism, the patriotism,
the cool courage and the uncomplaining endurance with which the whole regiment
has borne all the hardships incident to a soldier's life. I beg that you will
greet the Seventy-ninth Highlanders for me. Say to them, under my directions,
and proud of my common descent with them from the "men of the hills" who
have always been true to their government and their country, and who have never
turned their backs upon a friend or a foe. Repeating my regret at not being
able to meet you, I beg you, sir, to believe me, very sincerely, your friend.
To Geo. Mitchell, Esq., Chief of Caledonian Club.
The next regular toast was "the Army and Navy of the United States."
Colonel F. A. Concklin responded in a very happy style, after which Craman
Kennedy, the Baptist boy preacher who has shared the glories and fatigues of
the Seventy-ninth in the field of fame, where he administered spiritual consolation
to many a brave fellow whose bones lie buried in the land of the enemy, was
called upon, and delivered a most eloquent address, at the conclusion of which
he bade them an affectionate farewell. He was listened to with marked attention,
and when he concluded, he received several rounds of hearty applause.
Mr. George Simson sang "Sweet Jessie, the Flower of Dumbiaine," in
a style which called forth most rapturous applause. When our reporter left
at a late hour the festivities were still going on.
THE RETURN OF THE HIGHLANDERS.
The Seventy-ninth New-York Volunteers, familiarly known as the "Highlanders," arrived
last night, and, after their arms and equipments were deposited at the State
Agency, the regiment dispersed until this morning, first eating supper at the
tables spread for them. The Highlanders were originally taken into the field
by Lieut.-Col. Samuel McKenzie Elliott, under whose auspices the Seventy-ninth
was organized in April, 1861, entering the United States service on the 23d
of that month, leaving New-York on the 2d of June, under the command of Lieut.-Col.
Elliott. On their arrival at Washington on the 4th of June, the regiment numbered
over 1,000. The first battle of the Seventy-ninth was that of the first Bull
Run, in 1861, fighting in W. T. Sherman's brigade, and the regiment was commanded
by Col. Cameron, (brother of the then Secretary of War,) who was killed during
The Seventy-ninth, under command of Col. Stevens, afterward General, was assigned
to the expedition, under general Sherman, to port Royal, and the regiment remained
at that place some six or eight months, participating in the battle of James
Island, June 16, 1862, and the battle of Coosaw on the 1st of January of the
same year. Joining the Ninth Corps, under Burnside, at Newport News, they continued
with that corps through the campaigns of Pope and McClellan, of 1862. They
went with the Ninth Corps to Fredericksburgh, and left with the corps for Tennessee,
fighting all through that terrific campaign with gallentry. The Seventy-ninth
also returned to Virginia with gen. Burnside, to participate with the Army
of the Potomac in the grand campaigns of Gen. Grant against Richmond.
Since their entrance into the United States service in 1861, the regiment has
had 3,000 enlisted men, with a full complement of officers. They now return
with 256 enlisted men and 16 officers.
In May 1864, about 250 men with a majority of the officers were mustered out
of the service in new-York; the veterans returning to the field.
Their loss as a veteran regiment has been from various causes, over 500 enlisted
men and 3 officers.
The regiment has, during the war participated in twenty-six engagements, and
has served under Gens. Grant, Sherman, Burnside, Hooker, McClellan,
The following battles form the record of the Seventy-ninth New-York.
1861—Bull Run, Va., July 21.
1862 —Coosaw, N. C. Jan. 1; James Island, S. C., June 16; Manassas Plains,
Va., Aug. 30; Chantilly, Va., Sept. 1; South Mountain, Md., Sept. 14; Antietam,
Md., Sept. 17; Fredericksburgh, Va., Dec. 13.
1863—Blue Spring, Tenn. Oct. 10; Campbell's Station, Tenn., Nov. 16;
Siege of Knoxville, Tenn., Nov. 17—Dec. 5.
1864--Wilderness, Va., May 5-6; Spottsylvania, Va., May 7-8; Tolopotomy, Va.,
May 20; North Anna, Va., May 22; Cold Harbor Va., June 1; Bethesda Church,
Va., June 7; Siege of Petersburgh, Va., Cemetery Hill, Va., July 30; Poplar
Grove Church, Va., Sept. 29-30; First Hatcher's Run, Va., Oct. 27.
1865—Siege of Petersburgh, Va., January to April; Second Hatcher's Run,
Feb. 4; assault upon the enemy ' s works, (usually known as Fort Stedman,)
March 25; grand assault on Petersburgh, Va., April 1; Capture of Petersburgh,
Va., April 3; surrender of LEE, April 9.
The following is a list of the officers:
Field and Staff--Henry G. Heffron, Lieutenant-Colonel; Andrew D. Baird, Major;
David J . Mallon, Adjutant; John M. Fiannelly, Quartermaster.
Captains—Francis W. Judge, Co. A; James McLean, Co. B; Alexander L. Baird,
Co. C; James L. King, Co. D; James Innes, Co. E; Alfred Douglas, Co. F.
First Lieutenants—Francis Gallagher, Nathan E. Arnold, Charles Lowen.
Second Lieutenants—John P. Turner, Samuel Aldeyne.
Capt. Judge is generally known as the "Hero of Fort Saunders," one
of the forts in the defences of Knoxville, Tenn., for his gallant action in
seizing a rebel color planted on the ramparts. Capt. Judge was at that time
a Sergeant and was recommended for a medal of honor.
FORMAL RECEPTION OF THE SEVENTY-NINTH NEWYORK TO-DAY.
It is the intention of the many friends of the Highland Regiment to give them
a formal, yet hearty reception to-day, and with this praiseworthy end in
view, great preparations have for some time been in active progress. Besides
the Second Company of the Seventh Regiment, all the ex-members and officers
of the Seventy-ninth will turn out, as well as those of the original militia
organization, which gave birth to the gallant command that has so well sustained
the Scottish name during the war. The route of march will be as follows:
From Centre Market up Grand street to Bowery and Fourth avenue, round Union
square to Broadway, and so on up to the Fifth Avenue Hotel. The route of
march will then retrace its steps to Centre Market, by the Fifth avenue to
Fourteenth street, and down Broadway.
ROBERTSON'S full band will be present to escort the Seventy-ninth Regiment,
their old command. The following order explains itself:
SECOND COMPANY, SEVENTH REGIMENT
NATIONAL GUARD, S. N. Y.,
New-York, July 17, 1865.
COMPANY ORDER, NO. 5.—Pursuant to special regimental order of this date,
this company will parade on Tuesday, 18th instant, at 2 1/2 o'clock P. M.,
in full fatigue, (gray pants,) for the purpose of receiving and escorting the
Seventy-ninth Regiment, New-York Veteran Volunteers, Brev. Col. Heffron, on
its return to this city after four year's service in the field.
By order of PETER PALMER, Captain.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
January 12, 2009