7th Infantry Regiment
Steuben Guard; Steuben Regiment
Mustered in: April 23, 1861
Mustered out: May 8,1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion,
3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. John E. Bendix, was accepted by the State, April 26,
1861; organized at New York city, and there mustered in, the service of the
States for two years, April 23, 1861. Company I was recruited at Brooklyn,
the others in New York city.
The regiment left the State, May 24, 1861; served
at Newport News, Va., from
May, 1861; in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Virginia, from March,
1862; and in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac,
May, 1862. April 23, 1863, the three years' men were attached to the 52d Infantry
but not absorbed by them until after the battle of Gettysburg; July 22, 1864,
they, but a few men then, were transferred to the 7th Veteran Volunteers. Commanded
by Col. George W. Von Schack, the regiment was honorably discharged and mustered
out, May 8, 1863, at New York city.
During its service it lost by death, killed
in action, 9 officers, 76 enlisted
men; of wounds received in action, 5 officers, 34 enlisted men; of disease
and other causes, 1 officer, 60 enlisted men; total, 15 officers, 170 enlisted
aggregate, 185; of whom 7 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
Colonel George W. Von Schack received, May 6, 1863, authority to reorganize,
for a period of three years, his old regiment, the 7th, then about to be mustered
out by reason of the expiration of its term of service.
This reorganization was, however, discontinued and the men enlisted transferred,
October 14, 1863, to the 178th Infantry.
To effect the reorganization the following were appointed by the Governor, May
6, 1863, but not commissioned:
George W. Von Schack - Colonel
Frederick A. H. Gaebel - Lieutenant-Colonel
Charles Brestel - Major
Peter Hesse - Adjutant
F. C. G. Moyne - Quatermaster
Charles Gray - Surgeon
These appointments became void on the discontinuance of
the reorginization, Ocotober 14, 1863.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military
affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the
Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers.
Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.
Seventh Infantry.—Cols., John E. Bendix, Edward Kapff, George W.
Von Schack; Lieut.-Cols., Edward Kapff, Casper Keller, Frederick A. H.
Gaebel, Anton Pokomey; Majs., Casper Keller, George W. Von Schack, Frederick
A. H. Gaebel, Charles Brestel, Gustavus Seidel, Jacob Scheu. The 7th, the "Steuben
Rangers'," was recruited in New York city, except Co. I from Brooklyn,
and mustered into the U. S. service April 23, 1861, for a two years' term.
It left New York for Fortress Monroe on May 24, and was quartered at Newport
News. It took part in the engagement at Big Bethel and returned to camp
at Newport News until in March, 1862, when it was assigned to the 1st brigade,
1st division, Army of Virginia. In May it was transferred to the 1st brigade,
1st division, 2nd corps, Army of the Potomac, with which it served through the
campaign on the Peninsula, taking part in the Seven Days' battles with
heavy loss. At Antietam it lost 15 killed and 49 wounded, but its heaviest
loss was at Fredericksburg, when 243 members were killed or wounded out
of a total of 488 engaged. On April 25, 1863, the original two years' members
were mustered out at New York city and the three years men were transferred
to the 52nd N. Y. The 7th was active in the Chancellorsville campaign and
at Gettysburg, after which the remnant of the 52nd and the 7th was consolidated
with the 7th N. Y. veteran infantry. During the two years' campaign, the
loss by death from wounds was 102 and 47 members died from other causes.
Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
Historical Sketch from the 3rd Annual
Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion.
Vol. 2. Dayton, OH:
See pp. 1407-08 for a concise summary of the regiment's
Gerrish, Henry. CWTIColl (Enlisted man's memoirs, 1839-1863).
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.
Author: Gerrish, H. Letter to Lyman : the personal
letter of a Civil War Soldier to his grandson, Walter Lyman Medding, recounting
wartime experiences. [Springfield, Va.] : Medding, 1978.
Located at the Library of Congress.
Hartshorn, Edmund F. Experiences of a boy, by his father's
son. Newark, NJ: Baker print. co., 1910.
McDonald, J. A. "The Last Campaign. From Hatcher's Run to
Appomattox with the White Diamonds." National Tribune. 23 April 1903.
New York (State). AGO. Annual Report...for the Year 1899.
No. 18. Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon,
See pp. 117-287 on the three years' regiment & pp. 288-438 on the 7th
comp. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 1865. Vol. 1. Albany,
NY: Weed and Parsons, 1890.
See pp. 546-56 for a brief history of the regiment
and a roster of officers.
Items in the museum collection are in bold.
Back to Civil War Infantry Units
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
March 28, 2006