Civil War Newspaper Clippings
PHILADELPHIA, May 28,1861.
The Ninth Regiment of New York, and the Eighth
Regiment of German Rifles, of the same city passed
through here early this morning. They were handsomely
entertained by the residents on Washington street.
The whole of the reserve brigade of Mc-
Dowell's army, under Col. Blenker of the Eighth
New York, are trained soldiers. Every officer
has commanded in actual service in Europe.
Many have been in ten, twelve or eighteen
pitched battles, while Col. Blenker himself has
seen twenty-eight such encounters.
Albany, April 22. — The 8th regiment New
York State Volunteers, two years' regiment,
will be mustered out of service to-morrow,
and will take the steamer at Aquia Creek for
New York on Friday.
GONE INTO VIRGINIA
The eighth regiment New York volunteers,
Col. Blenker, broke their camp, near the Park,
yesterday morning, and marched over into "Dixie''. The men
men went off in fine style, and were enthusiastic at the prospect of soon meeting
the enemy. A train of thirty wagons
brought up the rear, which took over their camp equipage.
EIGHTH REGIMENT GERMAN RIFLES, COLONEL
At noon yesterday the German Rifle regiment, Colonel
Louis Blenker, quartered at Palace Garden, had what in
their language is termed a wacht-parade, which was the
occasion of a very pleasant reunion of the lady and gentlemen
friends of the officers and members. It was expected
that Governor Morgan would be present; but he
was absent for some reason. The ceremonies consisted
of reading the daily reports by the officers to the Colonel,
promulgating the bulletin for the ensuing twenty-four
hours, and inspecting the company whose turn had arrived
for guard mounting, subsequent to which Colonel Blenker
announced his appointment of Arthur Brandt to the ensigncy
of Company H, vice August Gouse, removed. The men
were then dismissed, and the visitors promenaded the
hall to the inspiriting strains of the excellent regimental
band, which discoursed a number of operatic patriotic
and national airs. The regiment will receive their arms
on Wednesday, and proceed to Staten Island for encampment.
In our report on Saturday of the parade and presentation
of banners to this noble regiment, we inadvertently
stated that Lieutenant Colonel Staehl proposed three
cheers for the president of the United States. It was
Colonel Louis Blenker, whose place it really is to honor
the Chief Magistrate of this country, in proposing any
cheers for, and he is too good and experienced a commandant
not to understand his duties in this respect. In
justice to Colonel Blenker we make this correction.
The following dispatch has been received
in New York:
Baltimore, Tuesday May 14
The Eighth Regiment of New York State
troops, escorted by the Sixth regiment of Massachusetts, bore the Stars
and Stripes through Baltimore for the first time since the l9th of April
D.B. Keeler, Jr.,
Adjutant Eighth Regiment, N.Y.S.M.
PRESENTATION TO THE COLONEL OF A RETURNED
VOLUNTEER REGIMENT. -- On Friday afternoon the
members of the 8th regiment New York Volunteers,
who returned in the early part of this week from the
seat of war were entertained at Landman's Park by
their former sutler. During the afternoon their late
commandant, Col. Prince Salm Salm came upon the
ground, and soon afterward, Sergeant Schaen, on behalf
of the sergeants, corporals and privates of the
regiment, presented him with an elegant sword, sash,
belt and order box. The recipient of this costly gift
responded briefly and told the men that if any of them
thought of enlisting again to remember the old 8th
Regiment - that he would be their leader. Several of
the officers had already spoken to him, and he should reorganize the 8th at
an early date.
The Colonel's remarks were received with loud cheers.
THE EIGHTH (N.Y.) REGIMENT
CAMP Morgan six miles from BALTIMORE.
May 15, 1861.
Want of Proper Management in the Commissariat—Surrender
of the secessionists—The Change of Feeling Among the
People of Maryland ~ The City of Annapolis and its Surroundings--
The disposition of the Various Regiments—
The Seizure of the Steam Gun and Arrest of Ross Winans—
The March through Baltimore—Seizure of Muskets and
Ammunition in the City, &c.
From the moment we started we have experienced the
greatest hardships, in consequence of the disarrangement
in the commissariat department. On board the steamship
we lay all night on deck, with no other covering
than a blanket; the provisions were miserable—salt junk
and sea biscuit. Arriving at Annapolis, the regiment
quartered and lay all night in an open field. The engineer
corps, to which I belong, were favored, and consequently
received a bed on the wet brick pavement. Singular
as it may appear, still it is so, not a single man
was affected by it, showing conclusively that there is a
Higher Power on our side, who watches over us. A few
days before we arrived the secessionists held possession
of the station; but hearing of our coming, they surrendered
the place, or rather, as the Boston men came in
they went out, after spiking and destroying every cannon
and mortar in the place. In the town they acted
very cautious and shy; but finding that we were different
men to what they had previously supposed us to be, they
suddenly changed, and from raving secessionists they
have changed to quite respectable Unionists. Annapolis
is one of the oldest towns of Maryland, and contains
in its venerable State House reminiscences of the past
and relics, with paintings of the great men of the Revolution,
which are very interesting to behold. One, a painting,
taken from life of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton;
another of Patrick Henry, and one immense painting
representing Washington, large as life, resigning his commission.
This painting is hung up in the room and
placed over the table the commission was laid on.
Other than this the town is a one horse place—a hundred
years behind the age: no pavements, no gaslight or business;
and this, too, the capital of the State. The Catholic
cathedral I visited, and was handsomely entertained.
It is a magnificent building, and well worthy
of notice. After we had been on the ground two days, we the engineer corps,
we detailed to build a fort on a God-forsaken place called Mount Misery, which
and were glad to leave in the hands of the regular
troops. If the enemy try to take it they will have a glorious
time of it, for they will no doubt get handsomely
whipped. We have to lay the track that the secessionists
tore up. They sent some persons into the camp
with poisoned cakes, etc.; so we were obliged to forbid
the men purchasing those little luxuries, which seemed
very hard. The glorious Sixty-ninth gave them a sample
of their prowess, that quenched the traitors' ardor, and
virtually put them out. The Sixty-ninth garrisons the
road to the Relay House and bridge, the most important
military strategic station in this section of the country
in fact, it would prove to the enemy what Bunker Hill
proved to the British forces—a purchase too dear by half.
We are on a hill next to another which is occupied
by the Sixth regiment of Massachusetts—the same who
were so brutally treated in their passage through
Baltimore. On another hill, commanding the railroad
to Baltimore, are the Boston Light Artillery—
a perfect set of tigers. On another, commanding.
the approach to the station, are the Zouaves of
Salem, Massachusetts. We have had a lively time, not
a night passing without an alarm, and being obliged to
sleep on our pieces and in full uniform. Some spies of
ours reported a force of the enemy close at hand, and in
eight minutes a force of three thousand men were ready
to march; and this, too, in the middle of a dark night and
a perfect deluge of rain. The enemy discovered by some
means that we were ready for them, and kept at a safe
distance. Yesterday we seized the famous steam gun belonging
to Ross Winans, of Baltimore, and for several
days previous we have intercepted and religiously appropriated
dozens of car loads of provisions and stores, sent
to the secessionists at Harper's Ferry. Last night we
captured at the Relay House Ross Winans himself. The
mob attempted to rescue him: but the Sixth, of Massachusetts,
came across the bridge like a streak of lightning
to our rescue, and, after a little squabble, they retreated,
leaving our prisoner in our hands. We shot a
spy the other night, and the Sixty-ninth shot a brace of
them a week ago. We make short work of any stranger
found inside the pickets; he is liable to have his brains
blown out at any moment. We marched through Baltimore
yesterday, and encamped in the middle
of the city during the night, and a portion
of us returned to-day to our camp, expecting
an attack. During the night we obtained information
that the secessionists had stored a large
quantity of arms, stolen from Harper's Ferry, in a
house in the city. We marched a company to the house,
battered the door in and seized several thousand stand of
arms which were ready for use and delivery to the rebels.
From what I have seen there seem to be strong signs of
returning reason and sense. The Baltimoreans profess
to be Unionists now; but whether it is a blind to deceive
us so they can rise some night and massacre us, we don't
know. At all events we are ready for them; if they succeed they will have to
kill every man. We hope, for the
sake of the innocent people of the city, they will not
Our correspondent intimates in his letter that Winans'
famous steam gun was captured by the New York Eighth
regiment. Such was not the case, however, as our despatch
at the time, and the official correspondence from
the War Department clearly proved. The gun was captured
by the sixth Massachusetts regiment, under Colonel
Jones, and a detachment from the Boston Flying Artillery.
THE BURTIS-GRAHAM CA...
Editors of the Sunday Mercury:—As an ...
Company A, Eighth Regiment. N. Y. S. V....
friend of Col. C. H. Burtis, I feel it my duty to ...
notice the communication, with letter, from Col. C...
Graham, and accompanying documents, published from
your paper of the 2d inst. To those who have known
Col. Burtis as a gentleman and soldier, a reply to
these unjust charges and attempt to injure his character
would be entirely unnecessary. To those who are
not acquainted with him, and who may have read the
article in question, it is proper to say, that owing to
Col. Burtis having been absent from the city, he did
not see the communication until too late an hour to
prepare a reply for insertion in today's Sunday Mercury.
With your kind permission, however he will, in
the succeeding issue of your paper, make a plain
simple statement of facts concerning his connection
with the Seventy-fourth Regiment, N. Y. S. V. by
which the injustice of these charges will be shown and
the public enabled to form an estimate as to the manner
in which he has performed his duty in this regiment.
For myself and for Company A, Eighth Regiment
(for whom I am authorized to speak), I desire to say
that we despise the disguised effort to control the action
of this company in making such presentation to
Colonel Burtis as they might consider proper, and that
the high estimation in which we have always held
Colonel Burtis, both as a soldier and gentleman, is not
in the slightest degree impaired by the communication
referred to, notwithstanding its author evidently intended
that its effect should be of the most severe and
C. J. Blauvelt,
— General Louis Blenker sends Gen. Scott the
Hunter's Chapel, Nov. 6, 1861.
To His Excellency Winfield Scott, Lieut. General of
the Army of the United States:
SIR: Arriving at Washington with my regiment
in the month of May, and being inspected by you
and your staff, you uttered to me the most flattering
words, "Colonel, your regiment is the finest of all I
saw parade through Washington." These encouraging
words acted upon me, upon my officers, upon
my men, like the spur of a good rider upon a good
horse. I went ahead, proud of the expression of
the satisfaction of a man who is the greatest military
leader on this continent. My regiment grew up to
a brigade, my brigade to a division, which, I hope,
will be in the van guard for attack quite as brave as
my brigade was in the rear guard.
Strangers in this country, although loving our
adopted fatherland like our own we left behind on
the other side of the ocean, your kind regards and
the expressions of your high satisfaction, gave us
confidence, not only in the military leader that commanded us, but confidence
in ourselves, the want of
which very often shakens the "go-ahead spirit" of
men who feel themselves foreigners on the soil where
they have to act. I am, therefore, obliged, deeply
obliged, to express to you the highest praise and
thanks in my name and in the name of my officers
We will keep your words and your memory in
the shrine of our hearts, and hoping that you will
live long enough to see the triumph of justice over
sneaking ambitious rebellion against the best Constitution
ever framed for mankind; we hope also, and
will do our best, under the guide of our new and
gallant commander, Major General McClellan, to
justify the flattering words expressed by you, and
to show to our American brethren in the Union,
that the spirit of Steuben and De Kalb is not yet
dead, and that the German Division will do its duty
to pay, by good conduct and blood, what we owe to
our adopted fatherland. I am General, your most
obedient and respectful servant H. BLENKER,
Brigadier General, Commanding Division.
Military Movements in New York and
CORCORAN'S IRISH legion.
The Second regiment of Corcoran's Irish Legion, Lieutenant
Colonel McIver commanding, will be mustered
into the United States service at Camp Scott, S. I., today.
All the officers of the regiment are expected to be
present. This regiment expects to get off for the seat of
war in the latter part of next week. A grand dress parade
and review of the entire command will take place
to-morrow (Sunday) at the camp.
A NEW BRIGADE.
The necessary measures for the recruiting of a brigade
or the assignment of a brigade already raised, to be under
the command of the Prussian Prince Salm-Salm are about
being consummated. These measures are under the
patronage of Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State;
ex-Governor Chase, Secretary of the Treasury; Hon. Hiram
Barney, Collector of the Port of New York; Hon. Ira Harris,
United States Senator, and Mr. Withaus, of the German
Benevolent Society. Prince Salm-Salm is a cousin of the
King of Prussia, and until a year ago was connected with
the Prussian army. He came to this country a little over
one year ago. He was born on the 25th of December,
1828, and is consequently thirty-four years of age. As it is
usual in Germany with baronets or princely families for one
or more of the sons to become soldiers, Prince Felix Salm,
when of proper age, entered the army, and in 1847 he was
a lieutenant in the Prussian Garde de Cuirrassieurs, in
1852 lieutenant in the Prussian Eleventh regiment Hussars,
and in 1855 lieutenant in the Ninth Prussian Hussars. In 1856 he withdrew from
the Prussian service
and entered the Austrian army as lieutenant in the First
regiment Uhlans. In 1858 he withdrew from the service,
and in 1860 he appears on the retired list as premier Lieutenant
in the Austrian army. Having in his military
capacity participated in the battles fought during the
European revolutions, he has seen considerable active
service, and, with his ten or twelve years experience, will
prove a great auxiliary to the federal army. On his arrival
in this country he was introduced to Mr. Seward by
the Prussian Minister at Washington, and subsequently
the Prince was appointed to command a regiment of
Kentucky cavalry. Soon after entering upon his duties
he discovered to his mortification that his limited knowledge
of the English language forbade him in justice
to himself or his command to continue in office
and subsequently he resigned, determined at once
to apply himself to perfect his studies in the English
branches. While doing this he was attached to Major
General Blenker's staff, and for nearly one year has done the country good
service. At the battle of Cross Keys he commanded a brigade, where, by his
skill and personal
courage, he won golden opinions of his troops. He has in
the meantime acquired a knowledge of our language, so
that he speaks it fluently, and is now in every respect
qualified for his new sphere of duties. A brigade under
the command of a soldier like the subject of this
notice would achieve honor for our flag and
country, while one under the command of
a political general—too many of whom are now in our
army—with no military experience or education, would
be cut up ignominiously, or in other words, legally murdered.
It is then for the interest of the country and the
State to patronize the claims of experienced military
men. In a few days Prince Salm-Salm will have full
authorization to consolidate any four of the regiments
now raising in this State for the war into his brigade
Colonels of regiments desirous of putting their commands
under the guardianship of a skilful general, and to get to the
seat of war without unnecessary delay, would do well to
address the Prince, at his residence, Maillard's, No. 61
Broadway, New York.
THE DEAD OFFICERS OF THE IRISH BRIGADE.
The committee appointed to carry out the obsequies of
the late officers of the Irish Brigade:—Captains Kavanagh
and Joyce, and Lieut. Lynch, will meet at three o'clock
to-day at room No. 20 Astor House on special business
relative to the funeral ceremonies. We understood that
a project is on foot to erect a handsome monument to all
the officers of the brigade who fell in defence of the
PERSONAL--Felix Prince Salm, Colonel
of the 8th Regiment N. Y. S. V., was in
town Saturday. His regiment returned to
New York two weeks ago, their time of service
THE EIGHTH REGIMENT.
Military DEPOT, Northern Army.
Annapolis, April 29, 1861.
Every officer and soldier in the Eighth is in sound
health with not a hair injured, and judging from present
symptoms, not likely to be. All are cheerful and contented,
and never in better condition for duty.
Annapolis has been converted into a military depot for
the Northern Army, with Brigadier General B. F. Butler,
of Lowell, Mass., commandant. The Naval School has
been ordered hence to Providence, R. I., and orders are
issued for immediate removal; and in three or four days
every public building upon those grounds will be converted into officers'
and soldiers' quarters.
This afternoon 500 men were detailed from the ranks to place cars upon
the track between here and Washington, several of which arrived here this
per steamer. It is in contemplation to build a military railroad
from the junction of the Baltimore and Washington
railroad directly into the camp at Annapolis, and there is
no doubt but it will be done. We have force enough to
spare to accomplish it in a single day, if necessary.
There have been no deaths in the camp since we arrived.
No time to write more.
Please send me a paper. Direct to Company B, Eighth
regiment, Captain Swaney.
SAMUEL A. WOOD.
BALTIMORE, July 25.
The 8th Regiment of New York, left here
at noon and will arrive at Philadelphia at 4 P.M.
and in New York at 9:30 P.M.
THE PRUSSIAN PRINCE SALM-SALM.
Among the foreign officers who seem anxious to hold
a commission in our army, and are at present in
Washington to obtain such, is the Prince Salm-
Salm, late of the Prussian army, who was presented to
Secretary Seward on Saturday, by the Prussian Minister.
The Prince is highly recommended by the Prussian government
as an experienced and capable military officer,
who has distinguished himself on the field in his own
country. He will probably be commissioned and detailed
upon the staff of one of our generals in order that his
military experience and skill may be made available.
The family to which the Prince belongs is probably one of
the oldest in Prussia, dating back as far as 1475. It is
described as a Catholic family, belonging to the upper
house of Salm, whose palace or castle is at Anholt, near
Bocholt. The subject of our sketch, Prince Felix Constantine
Alexander Jean Nopomucene, is the third and
youngest son of Prince Florentine, and second Prince of
the present family. His eldest brother, the hereditary
Prince, is Alfred Constantine Alexandre, born
December 26, 1814; the second eldest is Prince Emile
Maximilian George Joseph, born April 16, 1820.
Prince Felix (our present visitor) first saw light on the
25th of December, 1823, and is consequently thirty-three
years of age. As it is usual in Germany with baronets or
princely families for one or more of the sons to become
soldiers. Prince Felix Salm, when of proper age,
entered the army, and in 1847 we find him
a Lieutenant in the Prussian Garde de Cuirrassieurs,
in 1852 lieutenant in the Prussian Eleventh regiment
Hussars, and in 1855 Lieutenant in the
Ninth Prussian Hussars. In 1858 he withdrew
from the Prussian service, and entered the Austrian army
as Lieutenant in the First regiment Uhlans. In 1858 he
withdrew from the service, and in 1860 he appears on the
retired list as Premier Lieutenant in the Austrian army.
Having in his military capacity participated in the battles
fought during the European revolutions, he has seen considerable
active service, and with his ten or twelve years'
experience, will prove a great auxiliary to the federals.
Arrest of Prince Salm Salm -- Prince Salm Salm,
formerly commander of one of the German volunteer
regiments from this city , was taken into custody yesterday by officer
Young, one of the government detectives The order for the apprehension
of the Prince
emanated from the headquarters of General Dix, information having
been received there that his Highness was practicing
certain manoeuvres not consistent with the welfare of the
public service. Among the things preferred against the
Prince are the grave charges that he has been representing
himself as the Colonel of the Sixty eighth regiment
New York Volunteers, and raising funds from verdant
young officers desirous of obtaining commissions in the
same regiment. The officials at General Hays' office are
not very communicative relative to the cause of Prince
Salm Salm's arrest: but it is believed that the above
charges have been the principal reasons why he has been
deprived of his liberty for the present. The charges will be duly
examined without delay and if not substantiated,
of course the Prince will be allowed to go free
once more, and have an opportunity of punishing his defamers.
Death of Gen. Blenker.
General Louis Blenker, a native of Worms,
Hesse-Darmstadt, born in 1812, a jeweller by
trade; subsequent an enlisted soldier in the Bavarian
Legion raised to accompany King Otho
to Greece, then a sergeant, then a lieutenant
with which rank he left the service, then a student
of medicine, then a wine trader, then in
1849 burgomaster and commander of the national
guard under the revolutionary government
at Worms, then fighting under Sigel in
war engagements, then a refugee, in Switzerland
from which country he came to the
United States, died on Saturday last at his residence
in New Jersey of consumption. Blenker
raised the 8th N. Y. Volunteers in this war and
very soon after going to the field was made a
Brigadier General. At the first Bull Run his
brigade brought up the rear on the retirement
of our forces. He was afterwards transferred
to Fremont in the Mountain and with his command
was lost for some time until found by
Rosecrans. Last fall his name was in bad odor
at the War Office and he was relieved of command.
In March he was discharged and mustered
out of service, since which but little had
been heard of him until the time of his death.
Back to 8th Regiment
During the Civil War
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military
March 28, 2006