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90th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
Hancock Guard; McClellan Chasseurs; McClellan Rifles

History

Mustered in: September to December 1861
Mustered out: February 9, 1866

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
The Hancock Guards, recruited by Col. Louis W. Tinelli, under authority from the War Department, dated August 19, 1861, were consolidated with the McClellan Rifles, recruited " by Col. J. S. DeAgreda, with L. W. Tinelli, as Colonel. Company C of the McClellan Rifles was formed of the British Volunteers, recruited by Col. R. E. A. Hampson. The Secretary of War granted authority to Lieut-Col. Robert B. Clark, 13th Militia, to recruit a regiment; this authority was later transferred to Col. Joseph S. Morgan, who under it recruited the McClellan Chasseurs. The State authorities organized the 90th Regiment at New York city November 20, 1861, by the consolidation of these two incomplete organizations, with J. S. Morgan as Colonel, L. W. Tinelli as Lieutenant Colonel, and J. S. DeAgreda as Major. The McClellan Rifles formed Companies A to E, and the McClellan Chasseurs F to K. The regiment was mustered in the service of the United States for three years between September and December, 1861. April 6, 1863, Companies H and I, and in fall, 1864, Company B, were consolidated with the other companies. At the expiration of its term of enlistment the men entitled thereto were discharged, December 10, 15 and 17, 1864, at New York city, and the regiment, which had returned from its veteran furlough in September, 1864, with new Companies B, H and I, mustered in for one year, was retained in service, but, November 28, 1864, consolidated into a battalion of six companies, A, B, C, D, E and F. June 3, 1865, it received, by transfer, the men of the 114th, 116th and 133d Infantry, not mustered out with their respective regiments.
The companies were recruited principally: A, B and C at New York city; D at Clyde; E at Unadilla, Nineveh and Otego; F, I and K at Brooklyn, East New York and Long Island; G at Brooklyn and New York city; H at Brooklyn, Dunkirk and New York city; the second Companies B at Norwich; H in Chautauqua county; and I at Medina, Ridgway and Shelby.
The regiment left the State January 5, 1862; served at Key West, Fla., and in the Department of the South, and unassigned in 10th Corps, from January, 1862; in 19th Corps, from April, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Corps, from May, 1863; in 2d Brigade, 2d Division, 19th Corps, from February, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from March, 1864; the nonveterans, while the regiment was on veteran furlough, with the 160th N. Y. Volunteers in August and September, 1864; the regiment in the Army of the Shenandoah from October, 1864; in 1st Brigade, Dwight's Division, Washington, D. C., from April, 1865; in same brigade and division, Department of the South, at Savannah, Ga., from June, 1865; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Georgia, at Hawkinsville, Ga., from July, 1865; and at Savannah, Ga., in January, 1866, where it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Nelson Shaurman, February 9, 1866.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 33 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 25 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 8 officers, 183 enlisted men; total, 10 officers, 241 enlisted men; aggregate, 251; of whom 14 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Ninetieth Infantry.—Cols., Joseph S. Morgan, Nelson Shaurman; Lieut.-Cols., Lewis W Tinelli, Nelson Shaurman, John C. Smart, Henry De La Paturelle; Majs., Joseph S. D. Agreda, Nelson Shaur-man, John C. Swart, Henry De La Paturelle. This regiment, known as the Hancock Guard, was recruited mainly in New York city and vicinity and was mustered into the U. S. service at New York from Sept. to Dec., 1861, for a three years' term. It embarked on Jan. 5, 1862, for Key West, Fla., where it performed garrison duty for some months. Early in 1863 it was ordered to join the 19th corps in Louisiana and was assigned to the 1st brigade, 4th division. From New Orleans the regiment moved to Port Hudson, where it took an active part in the siege, losing 50 killed, wounded or missing. It was also closely engaged at Bayou La Four.che, with the loss of 71, and in March, 1864, shared in the Red River campaign. The reenlisted men received their veteran furlough in Aug. and Sept., 1864, and the remainder of the regiment served in their absence with the 160th N. Y. infantry. The veteran regiment was ordered to Virginia early in September and joined the Army of the Shenandoah while it was conducting the campaign against Gen. Early. The 90th fought at the Opequan, Fisher's hill and Cedar creek, losing 73 in killed, wounded and missing in the last named engagement. The original members not reenlisted were mustered out during Dec., 1864, and the regiment was consolidated into a battalion of six companies, which received in June, 1865, the members of the 114th, 116th and 133d N. Y. infantry. The regiment served in the 1st brigade of Dwight's division at Washington from April to June, 1865, and at Savannah, Ga., from June to July. It was then ordered to Hawkinsville, Ga., for a time and concluded its term of service at Savannah, where it was mustered out on Feb. 9, 1866. It lost 60 by death from wounds and 190 from other causes.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Unit Roster

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@mail.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Crydenwise, Henry M. and Sarah Crydenwise (ed.). Henry M. Crydenwise letters, 1861-1866.
165 items. This collection consists of 165 items, most of which were written by Henry Crydenwise to his family. One third of the letters were written from Key West, Florida, and the remainder from Louisiana and Alabama. The Louisiana letters give full description of the siege of Port Hudson and the duties and emotions involved in leading a black company. Bio/History: Henry M. Crydenwise was a Union soldier from Otsego County, New York. Organization: Arranged chronologically./ Preferred citation: Henry M. Crydenwise letters, Special Collections Department, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University./ Unpublished finding aid available in repository.
Located at Emory University.

Crydenwise, Henry M. Papers, 1861-1867.
Description: 43 items.
Abstract: Letters describing Civil War experiences in Florida and South Carolina with the 90th New York Infantry Regiment, subsequent service in the 96th United States Regiment (Colored), and post-war employment as an overseer on a large plantation near Vicksburg, Miss.
Located at Duke Univsersity.

Geety, William W. HCWRTColl-GeetyColl
(Regimental newspapers, The New Era, Apr 5-May 23, 1862)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Howell, David. The David Howell collection, 1861-1865.
1 box.
Contains the following type of materials: correspondence. Contains information pertaining to the following war: Civil War. Contains information pertaining to the following military units: 14th Indiana Infantry Regiment, 13th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment, 1st New York Engineer Regiment, 90th New York Infantry Regiment. General description of the collection: David Howell collection includes typescript letters of four Civil War soldiers, each collection fairly small.
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Locke, Richard B. (ed.) New Era. 1862-1863
"Published every Saturday morning, at the Camp of the 90th Reg't, N.Y. Volunteers."
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 1, no. 37 (Feb. 14, 1863).

M'Cann, Thomas H. The campaigns of the Civil war in the United States of America, 1861-1865, by Thomas H. M'Cann, Sergeant of Company "C," Ninetieth regiment, New York. [Hoboken, N. J: Hudson Observer job print, 1915].

Olivett, John M. "A New Yorker in Florida in 1862: war letters of John M. Olivett to his sister in Dutchess county." Edited by James P. Jones. New York history LXII (1961) 169-76.

Veteran Volunteer Association of Brooklyn. Ninetieth Regiment.  1862-1892.
3 linear in.
Minutes of meetings, reports, correspondence, programs, tickets, news clippings, and other memorabilia of the regimental association.
Owned by the Long Island Historical Society.

 

Items in the museum collection are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: December 10, 2008
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/90thInf/90thInfMain.htm

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