98th Regiment, NY Volunteer Infantry
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
THE NINETY-EIGHTH—Capt. W. H. Rogers informs us that this regiment has
been reformed into ten Companies, the lettering being the same as when originally
organized.—No new commissions have as yet, however, been given; but they
are expected soon.
From the 98th Regiment.
NEWPORT, N. C. Aug. 7th, 1863.
EDITOR PRESS:—A short time subsequent to the consolidation of the 98th,
an order was received from the War Department which annulled the previous order
for consolidation, and the regiment has been restored to the original ten companies—it
being the design of the Government to fill up the old three years' regiments
with drafted men. Since the latter order was carried into effect there have
been several promotions. Lt.'s L. A. Rogers, W. H. Rogers, E. M. Allen and
N. H. Davis have donned the Captain's burs [sic], and S'ergt.'s Harris, Downing,
Anjovine, and Copps have been commissioned 2d Lieutenants. Major Clark, (with
several officers and non-commissioned officers) is now absent to attend to
the duty of filling up the regiment with conscripts. Should he succeed in dong
this, we shall again have as fine a regiment as there is in the service. A
finer looking and more hardy lot of men never marched to sound of fife and
drum, than the veterans who compose the rank and file of the 98th at the present
time. A few days
ago our Brigade underwent a rigid inspection, and the 98th was officially reported
by the Inspecting officer as being, in all respects, the best regiment in the
Brigade. This is saying something, considering that the 23d Mass. and 9th New
Jersey regiments have long held the reputation of being the "crack Regiments" of
this Department. This improvement is the result of the unremitting diligence
of Col. Wead and his untiring efforts to bring the regiment up to a proper
state of discipline. Notwithstanding certain parties maliciously persist in
writing and speaking disparagingly of Col. Waed [sic], it is but simple justice
to state that he stands as high in the estimation of Generals Foster and Heckman
as any Colonel in the Department. It is true that many have been prejudiced
against him on account of his strict notions of military discipline. But this
prejudice is fast wearing away as it becomes apparent that he is as prompt
to reward merit as he is to punish crime. I feel confident in predicting that
the 98th will yet win an honorable reputation, and carry a good name with them
when they go out of the service. I have no news to write in regard to war matters.
You have doubtless heard of the recent Cavalry expedition sent out from Newbern
under Gen. Potter, which resulted in the destruction of an extensive Flouring
Mill, a Cotton Manufactory, a Railroad bridge 1,000 feet in length, and a train
of cars, loaded with ammunition and army stores. This was on the Washington
and Weldon R. R., near Rocky Mount. The weather is excessively warm here, the
mercury frequently rising to 100 degrees in the shade.
Yours truly, S. S. S.
The 98th Regiment.
We are gratified to be able to lay before our readers the following testimony
of the discipline and soldierly bearing of the 98th Regiment. Those who have
clamored over the condition of that Regiment will not fail to see that they
have been egregiously deceived:
OFFICE BRIGADE INSPECTOR,
Newbern, N. C. July 25, 1863.
CAPT.:—I have the honor to submit the following report of my inspection
of the 98th Reg't, N. Y. Vols., which took place on Wednesday, the 23d inst.
The regiment is stationed in detachments along the line of the Newbern and
Morehead Railroad, at Newport Barracks, Havelock, Crourton, Kingly's Mills
and Rogue Sound Block House. The whole of the regiment was paraded for inspection
except those on picket and fatigue duty. The arms, ammunition and accoutrements
were in excellent order, and the clothing in very good condition. A few articles
of equipments are needed to supply deficiencies for which requisition has been
In company and Battalion drill the officers and men seem to be very well instructed,
and many of the company officers manifest much proficiency in manouvering the
Battalion. The camp is well arranged and the company quarters kept in good
order.—The kitchens are properly conducted and receive the attention
of the company officers. The regimental and company books and accounts are
kept in the proper manner and returns of property &c. promptly made.—The
Hospital is admirably arranged, the beds raised, and medicines, blankets and
other appliances for the sick fully supplied. The
Sutler's store is reasonably supplied with goods, and prices affixed and published
by a council of administration.
Many marked improvements are manifest in this reg't since the last inspection,
and much credit is due to the commanding officers for the energy and zeal displayed
in bringing the reg't up to a state of efficiency which will compare favorably
with any reg't in the Brigade.
I am, Captain, very respectfully,
Your Ob't Serv't,
J. B. RAULSTON,
Capt. & Brig. Inspector.
Capt. W. H. ABEL, A. A. Genl., Heckman's Brig.
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.
From the 98th Regiment—Culmination of the disaffection, &c.
NEWPORT, N. C., JUNE 3, 1863.
FRIEND VAN CAMP:—I have at last got a bit of news for your readers. The
... consolidated into five companies and thereby hangs a tale. Ever since Lt.
Colonel Wead has been in command of the Regiment, a majority of the line officers
have evinced a feeling of bitter hostility towards him, which feeling increased
in intensity until at length they swore by all the gods of war that they were "bound
to get him out of the regiment somehow!" So they laid their heads together
to accomplish the above object. How well they succeeded in getting him out
the sequel will show. In the meantime Col. Wead set his wits to work, and the
event has proved his superiority as a strategist, as he has completely euchered
the conspirators," and instead of their getting him out, the "get
out" is all the other way! A few weeks ago Gen. Foster received a communication,
signed by all the Captains, (except one) and nearly all the Lieutenants in
the regiment, setting forth that, inasmuch as Col. Wead was incompetent to
command a regiment, and disliked by his men, therefore it was their desire
that he be removed from command, or requested Williams is keenly felt by all
the remaining officers and men in the Wayne Co. Companies. Gentlemanly in their
deportment, kind and forbearing towards the men under them, they have won the
respect and esteem of all. But they have been indiscreet and must suffer the
consequences. Sergeants Chandler —to resign. Gen. Foster replied to the
communication by informing the authors (in substance) that the course they
had taken was highly improper and prejudicial to military discipline, adding
that if Col. Wead had been guilty of any misdemeanor, their proper course was
to prefer charges against him and try him by a court martial. Accompanying
Gen. Foster's reply was an order for Col. Werd [sic] to consolidate [sic],
and muster out of the service all the mutinous and inefficient officers in
the regiment! Samson with his jaw-bone could not have caused greater consternation
among the Philistines than did this order among the officers of the 98th. There
were "blank looks in Dixie" about that time!—
Their ''pheelinks" at length found utterance in the simple expression—"sold!" They
were literally delivered into the hands of the enemy, and the guillotine commenced
its merciless work! All the Captains (save one) were mustered out, and a few
of the Lieutenants. About 30 non-commissioned officers have also been mustered
out of the service in accordance with Consolidation Order. Companies F. and
D. are consolidated and called "Co, D.," and is for the present under
the command of Lt. Rogers. Co.'s I. and K. go together under the name of "E." Lt.
E. M. Allen commanding. The disposal of the remaining companies I need not
mention as it would not interest the readers of the Press. The loss of Captains
Adams and and Welch, and Corporal Seely, (all of Sodus,) are the Non-Commissioned
Officers to be mustered out of Co. F. Good bye to the lucky fellows! They will
probably all be home by the time this article is published. I have no further
news of importance. The weather is delightful, and, blackberries and huckel
berries ripe and plenty. What think you of that Wayne Countyans? Blackberries
the 1st of June! But it is a fact or my name isn't. S. S. S.
The 98th—Wayne county Officers "mustered out," &c.
BROOKLYN, N. Y., June 13, 1863.
WM. VAN CAMP, ESQ.,—DEAR SIR:—Supposing that you have by this time
heard of the consolidation of the 98th Regt., I thought perhaps you would like
the facts for publication. As you and all your patrons, who take any interest
in the regiment, are aware, there has for a long time existed an unfriendly
feeling between Lieut. Col. Wead and his officers, which culminated in a request,
signed by all the line officers, with a single exception, for Wead to resign.
Instead of his complying with this request he went to Gen. Foster and by means
of misrepresentation obtained an order for the consolidation of the regiment
to five companies and allowing him to retain such officers as he saw fit. He
was obliged to keep fifteen and so mustered out the most obnoxious of his enemies,
which number included Capts. Kreutzer, Williams and Adams, Lieut. Russell from
the Wayne portion, and five Captains and Lieutenants from the Franklin portion
of the regiment. Kreutzer is now in South Carolina, and is not yet aware that
he is out of the service. These are the facts of the case, and if you see fit
to publish anything more concerning the unfortunate 98th, you may consider
me as your authority for what is herein stated. The only officers who are at
all displeased with this finale, are those who are obliged to remain with Lt.
Yours, &c, A.
Consolidated.--We are informed by Capt. George N. Williams, who returned from
the South on Saturday last, that the 98th Regiment N. Y. S. V., has been consolidated
in a Battalion of five companies, and that thirteen officers, among whom are
Captains Williams and Adams, of this place, were on account of the consolidation
mustered out as supernumeraries. Capt. Adams is spending a few days with friends
at Brooklyn, but will soon be home.
We are happy to know that both of these gallant officers bring the strongest
testimonials, showing their uniform good conduct while in the service, and
we scarcely need add that they will hold themselves ready to respond promptly
to any call their country may hereafter make upon them.
An article appeared in this paper, on the 19th of June last, which charged
Lieut. Col. Wead, of the Ninety-Eighth, with procuring the consolidation
of the Regiment into five Companies "by means of misrepresentation." We
wrote the article in good faith, and based the charge of misrepresentation
upon what we deemed to be competent information.— Since that time,
however, we have had an opportunity to examine copies of the official correspondence,
and have become satisfied that we were not warranted by the facts in making
the charge referred to above. As we understand the official papers, Lieut.
Col. Wead did not go to Gen. Foster at all, but tendered his resignation,
which was not accepted; but instead thereof the order for consolidating the
Regiment was issued. We have no desire to assume the championship of Lieut.
Col. Wead's cause; nor do we intend unjustly to assail him. Having however,
charged upon him conduct of which it appears he was not guilty, it is no
more than just that we should give him the benefit of this explanation.
Our Army Correspondence.
From the 98th Regiment.
Newport, N. C. July 4, '63.
FRIEND VAN CAMP:—Do you remember the first time you ever attended a 4th
of July Celebration? What a host of pleasant memories arc associated with that
brief sentence! How the mind will revert to the days of Auld lang Syne, "the
sunny days of childhood," when with our first bright, new "quarter " burning
in our pocket, we hastened to the "village" to celebrate the 4th!
And how eagerly we invested the said quarter in fire crackers and gingerbread
and felt that to be "Young America" was to be greater than a king!
Ah, those were the days when we enjoyed 4th of July celebrations. Then we knew
nothing of the cares and responsibilities of mature years, we
knew nothing of political strifes and party quarrels, we knew not that an insidious
enemy was even then sapping the foundations of our noble government. We were
happy in the consciousness that our Fathers had fought and won our National
Independence, and in our blissful ignorance of impending evil, we thought that "to-morrow
would be even as to day and still more abundant."—The terrible scenes
of blood and rapine that were eventually to be enacted in our land were mercifully
hidden from our view by the dark veil of the Future. And as each Anniversary
came and passed, and Heaven still smiled upon us, we began to think that our
Government was indeed a Gibraltar that nought could move. But alas for the
mutability of all human affairs! While we were basking in the sunshine of prosperity,
rocked in the cradle of fancied security, we were allowing traitors in our
very midst to sow the seeds of discord that were eventually to spring up and
ripen into a harvest of rebellion and blood! And today how do we celebrate
this, our eighty-sixth Anniversary? Alas! Our “house is divided against
itself,” and one million of our bravest sons are marshaled in deadly
array against each other, and the loud-mouthed cannon, instead of booming a
triumphant peal over the land, send the iron messenger of Death hissing and
shrieking into the opposing ranks of men whose fathers fought side by side
in the battle for independence! Gloomy indeed is the picture, and he is thrice
a coward who dare not look the danger in the face and say that it requires
the most skillful management of our officers, (both civil and military,) to
save the country from utter ruin. And he is thrice a knave, who, at this time
will sacrifice Patriotism for Party, and will uphold every act of an Administration
that has done infinitely more to prolong the war, destroy the Union, and strengthen
the rebellion, than all the Woods and Vallandighams on the continent could
possibly do by their idle vaporings. We doubt whether ten soldiers have ever
deserted on account of anything that has fallen from the lips of the above
notables, while it is almost certain that we have lost several important battles
through the intermeddling of the authorities at Washington. There should not
be but one party at the North—that party should have but one aim, and
that aim should be to induce every able-bodied man to offer his services to
his country, and emulate the example set us by the rebels, of unity in purpose.
The, and not till then shall we conquer. But I had almost forgotten to tell
you what I intended to at the commencement of my letter, viz: We have had an
old fashioned fourth of July celebration here to-day. At an early hour this
morning, a salute of thirteen guns was fired, and the regiment drawn up in
line of battle, then formed into a hollow square, when the Declaration of Independence
was read by Lieut. Beman, then a quartette club extemporized for the occasion,
sang the “Star Spangled Banner,” after which Col. Wead delivered
a short speech and pithy address, which was replete with patriotism and encouragement,
and was well received by the listeners. After the ceremonies were over eight
or ten of the line officers equipped themselves for a “raid” to
Bowge Sound. Each man was armed with a formidable weapon which has long been
in use in the 98th, and which will probably hold about a pint when loaded.—Judging
from the frequency with which the weapon was elevated, great execution must
have been done somewhere. Be this as it may, just before dark the “raiders” returned
safe and sound, and in the best of spirits. Our Qr. Master, (who, by the way,
has a very fine voice,) was particularly patriotic and was singing a song,
(or medly [sic]) which ran something after this fashion:
"When this cruel war is over,—
O long may it wave,—
'Tis the Star Spangled gem of the ocean,—
And we won't go home till morning!"
But it is getting towards the small hours of the night and I must draw my
letter to a close, hoping that the citizens of Lyons have celebrated the 4th
in a manner commensurate with their well known public spiritedness and patriotism.
Yours, &c., S. S.
Consolidation of the 98th.
Under an order from Gen. Foster, commanding the 18th Army Corps, the 98th N.
Y. V. was recently consolidated to five companies, and a number of the officers
mustered out of service. Among those mustered out were Capts. ANDRUS, AUSTIN
and WILLARD, and Adjutant HOBBS, of this place. They reached home on Monday
night last, in company with several others, whose names we did not learn.
The 98th New York Volunteers were organized in 1861 by Colonel Dutton, in Wayne
and Franklin counties, and served during the peninsular campaign. This regiment
was also at the siege of Yorktown. It formed the advance guard of the Fourth
corps in the preliminary occupation of Seven Pines, and suffered very severely
at Fair Oaks, and were engaged in the battles of the memorable seven days.
At Harrison's Landing Colonel Durkee succeeds to the command of the regiment
Colonel Dutton dying. It was stationed at Yorktown til December, 1862, when
it was sent to North Carolina, and accompanied the Foster expedition to South
Carolina. Here Colonel Durkee resigned, and Lieutenant Colonel F. F. Wead took
command, and still retains it. During the summer of 1863 the regiment took
part in guarding the outposts in North Carolina, since which time it has been
stationed at Pung Landing, in Princess Anne county, Va., under General Ledlie,
where it has performed important service in capturing guerrillas, with which
this section of the country is infested; it also captured the important mail
which has aided General Butler so much on his important arrests in Norfolk
DEATH OF A MEMBER OF THE 98TH REGIMENT.—The Commercial learns that private
Frederick Bosing, of the 98th Regiment, N. G., died in the hospital at Elmira
on Sunday afternoon last, from dysentery. The deceased belonged in West Seneca.
There were nineteen additional cases of dysentery in camp.
The 98th Regiment.
Capt. W. H. Rogers, of the 98th, has opened a Recruiting office at the Armory,
over Althen's Clothing Store, and is desirous of getting a few recruits for
this Veteran Regiment. The 98th is attached to General Ledlie's Veteran New-York
Brigade, now at home on thirty days' furlough, having reenlisied for three
years. The Brigade is serving in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.
Those who enlist before the 1st of April, get all the bounties.
Rochester Veterans of the 98th Regiment.—The Provost Marshal has been
notified that the following named men of Co. K, 98th N. Y. Vols., have re-enlisted
and are credited on the muster rolls to the City of Rochester, but it is necessary
that they should report themselves in order to obtain the County Bounty:—Thos.
Tait, Clark A. Page, Clarence W. Hawke,
Geo. Bradley, Tabor Burrows, Wm. Cook, James B. Cleveland, John Dubloo, Alonzo
Daily, James P. Eighmy, Peter Feller, Daniel Finnegan, Wm. Higbie, Jas. Loor,
John G. Omans, Wm. Perrin, John Pope, John Phillips, Melvin M. Phillips, Ashel
Ross, Edward Smith, Robert Smith, Daniel Willis and Peter Wooley.
Lt.-Col. Wead, of the 98th Regiment, has been promoted to the Colonelcy of
the Regiment. To Col. W., more than to any other man, belongs the credit
of restoring the 98th to its present honorable standing—he having brought
order out of chaos. Col. Wead is a strict disciplinarian, and is beloved
by both officers and men.
The 98th at Yorktown.
Letters from the 98th, inform us that this Regiment is at Yorktown, Va., and
in good health. It is not expected to stay there long, but will take part
in the operations against Richmond, in which direction it may have started
Wounded New York Soldiers.
We received on Saturday, from Col. NORTH, the State Agent at Washington, the
following list of wounded soldiers of New York Regiments who arrived on transports
at Alexandria, June 7th:
Ninety-Eight Regt.—John Slack, Isaac Foster. T. Kelly, Edsall Corkins,
J. Buchannan, Philip Scropp, Wm. Knapp, Elijah Swift, Judson Ransom, Julius
P. Long, Chas. Rivers, Geo. Watters, Sylvester Stanhope.
FROM THE NINETY-NINTH.
Pongo Bridge, Va., Dec. 22d, 1863. To the Editor of the Lyons Republican:
Perhaps a few words in relation to the present condition of this Regiment may
not be uninteresting to your readers.
The Regiment now numbers four hundred men; and I venture to say that four hundred
finer-appearing or better-disciplined men cannot be found in the United States
Service, than are those who compose the rank and file of the Ninety-Eighth.
Company F, Captain Krentzer's Company, occupies the right of the Battalion,
Captain K being the Senior Captain of the Regiment. On the
21st instant the Regiment was inspected by Captain W. H. Rogers, and I subjoin
a copy of his report, which you are at liberty to publish.
Yours, &c., S. S. S.
Pongo Bridge, Va., Dec. 21st, 1863.
Lieut. STANTON, Adjutant Ninety Eighth N. Y. V.:—I have the honor to
report, that pursuant to orders from Head Quarters, December 20th, I inspected
the Regiment, commencing on the right of the line. Company
F was formed by its commanding officer, and I found the men, and their arms
and accoutrements, in the most complete order. The quarters of the men were
in very good condition, and the culinary department neat and clean. The remaining
Companies of the right wing had their arms and accoutrements in good condition,
although I noticed a few of the men were without Haversacks and Canteens. The
left wig of the Regiment was not in so good condition, having just returned
from an expedition; the men not having had time to clean their arms and accoutrements.
It is gratifying to observe the continued improvement of the men in all that
pertains to cleanliness and discipline.
Respectfully, Your Ob't Serv't,
W. H. Rogers, Capt. 98th N. Y. V.
PONGO BRIDGE. VA.,
FEB. 10, 1864.
EDITOR PRESS: — An article appears in the Lyons Republican of the 5rh
inst., the writer of which vents a little harmless ill-humor over my account
of the manner in which Col. Wead's case was disposed of. When I wrote the article
which called out the ire of "Ninety Eighth," I had not seen the order
of Gen. Butler, and as Col. Wead's case had been dismissed without a Court
Martial, I supposed that his action had been sustained. As soon as I discovered
my error, I obtained a copy of the order and forwarded it to the Press office,
and if "Ninety Eighth" had been patient a few days he would probably
have had the pleasure of reading the order in the Press. But my dear "Ninety-Eighth," aren't
you assuming most too much when you say that Col. W. did wrong and that's the
whole story? That is a mere matter of opinion you know! I have heard a great
many different opinions of the matter, and much its own way. It was such a
country as this which Dante and Bunyan had in the eye of their imagination
when they described the region and valley of the shadow of death. The rivers
neither fall nor flow. They have no current only as the wind blows, and are
dark, sullen and sluggish as Lethe, the river of Death. In such an unhealthy
and uninviting place, the 98th and 81st, New York Regiments of Volunteers were
sent in last November, to hunt guerrillas in the woods and swamps and marshy
The 81st is encamped at North-West Landing, on the North-West Landing River,
a few miles from the Dismal Swamp. The 98th is at Pungo Bridge, the last place
in the world. Porte Crayon in Harpers' Magazine gives a penciling of this crossing.
Our fortune for the last year gave us camps from bad to worse. But now the
future brightens. This is a good place to start again from.
We have broken up two guerrilla camps; captured about fifty of them, and driven
the rest out of the country. Together with the 96th N. Y. V., which is at Coinjock,
N. C., we have made a raid into Camden and Currituck Counties of North Carolina,
and driven the investing bands of guerrillas beyond the Pasquotank, so that
we now protect all the country east of the Dismal Swamp Canal.
The inside communication between Norfolk and Newburn, N. C. is effected by
three relays (so to speak,) of Steamers. The first makes three trips a week
between Norfolk and Coinjock; the second runs at the same time from
Coinjock to Roanoke Island, meeting the boat from Norfolk through the canal;
the third, connects Roanoke Island with Newburn.
The people who inhabit this district described, are very much behind those
of any other place with which we are acquainted, in schools, general intelligence,
agriculture, and all the luxuries and conveniences of life. More than half
of those who have come to our camp to take the oath of allegiance are unable
to write their names. When the sate of Virginia adopted the ordinance of secession,
not one man in Princess Anna County voted against it. The greatest of all sins
is ignorance, here as everywhere.
They raise corn and hogs and have but little else to subsist them. They have
no wagons, but use a sort of one horse, two-wheeled cart, such as is seen among
the poor class in Lower Canada.
This cart answers for pleasure, business and farm work. When the women
Ride in them, they spread a quilt in the bottom, and use no other seat. The
plowing is all done with one horse. They have no mills, but windmills, no saw-mills,
but whipsaws. Their conveniences are limited to the barest necessities; they
have a few books, but those who can read and write, have no pleasure in those
Before the war, they knew nothing of the North. They doubtless thought this
miserable country the fairest in the world. What a place to sow the seeds of
secession! What a fit haunt for guerrillas!
Our soldiers call all these people crackers, and to illustrate their pronunciation
we will take the word Coinjock, which is pronounced according to its othography.
The English word is corn-jack, which with them means corn whisky.
I have thus, in this rapidly written letter, given you the lay of the land,
and the condition and civilization of its inhabitants. In a subsequent communication,
I shall not need to be so geographical. Respectfully,
The 98th on the Peninsula—Concentration of Troops—Probable Course
of the Army—Recantation of Charges, &c., &c.
April 23d, 1864.
FRIEND VAN CAMP:—Once more we are encamped on the banks of the York River,
near the site of ground we occupied a year and a half ago. From present indications,
the far-famed Peninsula is to be the theatre of our operations this Summer.
We left New York on the 18th inst., and landed at this place on the 20th. We
were joined by the detachment from Pongo on the 21st.—Troops are rapidly
concentrating at this place and at Gloucester Point, on the opposite side of
the river. There is no doubt but that a strong column is to move up the Peninsula,
when the army of the Potomac moves forward.
We have just drawn new arms, and Col. Wead is actively engaged in re-organizing
the regiment, and we shall be ready for active service in the field in a few
And now I wish to correct a mis statement that I made in my last letter to
the Press. I stated that a large number of the "boys" were slightly
inebriated at the time we left Lyons. I have since learned, upon the best authority,
that I was totally mistaken, as not one of them had drank anything stronger
than water for three days previous to our leaving Lyons! I therefore cheerfully
correct all I said upon the subject, and solemnly affirm that I was the only
individual who was drunk upon that occasion! And I further aver that every
member of the 98th—line officers included—is also a member of the
State Temperance Society, a Carson league man, and in favor of the Maine Law!
So it is quite evident that I was greatly mistaken in my idea of the matter.
I have also learned that the army is the best place in the world for the cultivation
of all the Christian graces. Now I trust this apology is satisfactory to all
Yours, truly, S. S. S.
Letter from the Army,
CAMP NEAR BERMUDA HUNDRED, VA.,
May 26th, 1864.
Mr. CLEVELAND, DEAR SIR:—About three months ago, I wrote you from the
swamps and morasses of Pungo. Having leisure there, I thought I would have
time to write you frequently; but three-fourths of our regiment having re-enlisted,
the veterans were allowed to go North, and I was placed in command of the detachment
left behind. At nearly the same time a squadron of the First district of Columbia
Cavalry, and a detachment of the 96th N. Y. V., were ordered to report to me,
and went into camp at Pungo. The forces at the station numbered over five hundred
men, I had therefore the rank and power of King of Pungo: a position, which
in my most sanguine expectations, I had not hoped to attain.—We had a
large country extending from beyond the Court House of Princess Ann, to Knots
Island, to govern, watch, and guard. In all that country there was no civil
government, and every case of public or private wrong came under the cognizance
of the military commandant.
The principal duties besides those strictly military, are to catch guerrillas
and rebel soldiers on furloughs, to enforce the collection of debts, to apprehend
criminals, and send them to the Provost Court at Norfolk, to administer the
oath of allegiance to those who chose to take it, and, in general, to exercise
all the rights and discharge the duties of a conservator of the Peace. Transcending
the powers vested in me, I have the satisfaction of knowing that I gave freedom
to one slave. The matter is on record, and whenever I am compelled to meet
it, I certainly shall be ready.
On the 20th of April, we received orders to embark the detachments of the 98th
and 96th N. Y. V., with their regimental baggage on board of barges, and proceed
to Yorktown, and there report to the regimental Commanders, this will apear
[sic] no small matter, when the tents, commissary stores, arms and ammunition
of two regiments, enter in to consideration. At Norfolk, we were obliged to
transfer all these stores on board of the United States Steam Transport “Webster.” Leaving
Pungo at 7 A. M., 21st of April, we arrived at Norfolk at 2 P. M., and at 11
P. M., had our command and all our baggage on board the Webster. In the afternoon,
Major Gen. Butler telegraphed from Fort Monroe to Brigadier Gen. Ledlee, our
Brigade commander, that the detachments of the 96th and 98th should be paid
before leaving Norfolk. Accordingly, a few minutes after eleven, we marched
the detachment of the 96th to the office of Paymaster Crane, who occupied the
building formerly owned by the Bank of Virginia, and two hours later the detachment
of the 98th was paraded for payment at the same place. At 4 A. M. of the 22d,
we were all on board the transport, steaming down Elizabeth River on our way
to Yorktown. Gen. Ledlee and his staff embarked with us. The General is a man
of ordinary size, of intelligent, round, full countenance. He comes from Auburn,
N. Y.; was with gen. Burnside in his expedition to North Carolina as Colonel
to the 3d N. Y. Artillery. He was recommended for promotion by Gen’s.
Burnside and Foster, and accordingly appointed a Brigadier by the president,
but has never been confirmed. He is now in the army of the Potomac, and has
distinguished himself in the battle of the Wilderness.
On the afternoon of the 22d of April, we arrived at Yorktown, disembarked,
and marched to our Regimental camp.
We were surprised to find the River full of transports of the largest size.
There were the Arago and Fulton, ocean steamers, vessels with which we became
acquainted at Hilton Head, in the Department of the South. On the river, the
whole 10th Army Corps was encamped; on the southern shore, the white tents
of the 18th Army Corps threw back the rays of the declining sun. At Yorktown,
all was animation and military bustle. On the high and level bluffs we saw
batteries, regiments and brigades drilling. The roads were full of army wagons,
trains of artillery, squadrons of cavalry and marching battalions. The wharves
were filled with Quartermaster’s, Commissaries and Ordnance stores.
When the troops entered this place in 1862, it was a filthy, dilapidated and
disgusting place, in which no building had been erected since 1828. Our troops
drained it, cleaned it out, and improved it in a hundred ways. They have built
new roads, extended and completed the fortifications and constructed several
large buildings for public stores.
In times of peace it was a miserable dirty fish and oyster depot, and nothing
About one mile east and south of the village, is the old battle-ground between
Washington and Lord Cornwallis. The entrenchments are still visible; and a
wooden railing encloses the place where the latter stood when he surrendered
his sword to General Lincoln.
The entrenchments, fort and parallels made by Gen. McClellan have been filled
up or leveled, but the ground is sacred and still shows the former situation.
As you pass around the hills or through the ravines and hollows, dug out, notched,
or shaved by him, you are forcibly impressed with the idea that the greater
part of this digging was done to while away time.
The land on this side of the river is sandy, worn out and barren. It would
not be difficult to select two or three farms in Yates County, which produce
annually more fruit than all the land on the Peninsula betwen [sic] Fort Monroe
What the chivalric habits of the people and the institution of slavery wanted,
to complete the ruin of this country the war has supplied. In fact, over every
part of this large, and beautiful State, from East to West, from North to South,
the smouldering fires of time burn. Houses that in former peaceful days were
filled with costly furniture, and which constituted the homes of an intelligent
and peculiar civilization, are now tenantless, broken up, or burned to the
ground. Barns in which the produce of several successive years was stored,
have been burned or torn down the contents exposed to the weather until spoiled,
or taken to supply the army trains. Horses, cattle, stock, the wealth of these
large plantations, have disappeared in a similar way. Only enough of these
remains to show how great the destruction has been. In the paths of these large
armies, the forests have been slashed and burned; the fences, gardens, fruit
trees, growing grain, bridges, mills and roads are destroyed. The operations
of business, and the industrial pursuit are stifled and paralyzed. The fountains
of wealth intelligence and morality, are dried up and all the channels of civil
progress and polity are swept away. The ruin and desolation is incalculable
and complete. The avenging Nemisis has kindled her fires of retribution in
the bosom of the mother of Presidents.
Compared with what the inhabitants of Virginia have suffered and lost, the
campaign of Jena was a reign of peace and plenty to the Russian nobility.
While at Yorktown, the great duestion [sic] which excited the interest of every
one was, what is intended by assembling so many troops here? It was amusing
to hear the shrewd guesses and the various attempts at sagacity.
The majority supposed we were going up the Peninsula to Richmond.—Others
suggested that we were to cooperate with Grant, but then why assemble at Yorktown?
To the sagacity of others, Texas, Charleston, Florida, seemed the most probable
destination of the expedition. When our baggage was ordered to
Norfolk, we began to think that the James would be the base of our future operations.
About the first of May we were ordered to have five days cooked rations constantly
on hand, and to be prepared to march at a moments notice. On the morning of
the 4th, we received instructions to proceed to the wharf, and embark seven
companies on board of the Prometheus, and three on the Pocosin; these are small
steamers in the employment of the Government, neither of sufficient capacity
to carry our whole regiment.
We embarked and left Yorktown at a few minutes after 5 P. M. We arrived in
Hampton Roads at 2 A. M. of the 5th, and casting anchor, waited for orders.
The Roads are full of transports, tugs, gunboats, and other vessels of every
class and size. The sun had barely turned red the eastern waves of the ocean,
when a small tug-boat came alongside, and a stag officer of Gen. Marston, our
Brigade commander, came on board and directed that we proceed to Newport News,
and take our position in the line of transports. By ten o'clock the whole expedition
was assembled off Newport News, and a hour later we were all steaming up the
James River, the 10th army corps leading the advance, the gunboats having gone
some hours before. In the expedition were nearly forty vessels loaded black
with men. We are under marching orders again, and I must get ready to march.
LETTER FROM THE 98TH REGIMENT.
CAMP 98TH REGIMENT, N. Y. V.,
BERMUDA HUNDREDS, May 17, 1864.
EDITORS PALLADIUM:—Presuming any information from the 98th will be welcome,
I do not hesitate to address you a few lines, giving you a partial history
of the Regiment for the past few days. The movement of the 18th Army Corps
from Yorktown, its landing at Bermuda Hundreds, and march to the front, is
already known to you, and it is needless for me to recapitulate. The movement
of Brook's Division, to which we are attached, to the front, to the Petersburgh
and Richmond Railroad, on the 9th inst,, you probably are apprised of before
this. But what I wish to communicate is the last advance of our Corps.
On the 12th inst., the Regiment moved from camp to the right towards the James
River, edging up to Fort Darling, driving the rebel skirmishers steadily before
them till in the vicinity of the Fort, they manifested themselves more on the
defensive, and seemed disposed to dispute our further advance. Friday night
found our skirmishers, Companies H and D, in possession of the advance rifle-pits
of the rebels at which place two out of Company D, and four of H, were killed
and a number wounded. Saturday, the Regiment called in the pickets and fell
back and threw up some defences, where it lay quietly till Monday morning at
daybreak. Under cover of a thick fog, the enemy made an impetuous attack upon
the right of Heckman's Brigade, which was soon pushed back, which left the
98th on the left exposed to an enfilading fire from the rear. ''But Franklin's
Own" was equal to the emergency, and stood their ground till almost surrounded,
when they filed off as steady as veterans, and by their steadiness and courage,
saved the Brigade from a perfect rout. It was here the lamented Phelps was
shot dead, doing his duty as a brave man and efficient officer. From this attack,
the Regiment retired steadily and in good order for half a mile, and waited
for the expected attack, which came about 11 o’clock, by an overwhelming
force. It was here our heaviest loss was sustained. But the men, amid a perfect
tornado of shot and shell, stood up like men and returned the fire with coolness
and efficiency. Recruits who never were under fire before proved themselves
men, brave and cool, when it would not be surprising if veterans wavered under
such a fire.
The Regiment returned to camp last night, worn out with exposure and fatigue,
having been exposed to an almost incessent [sic] rain after leaving camp till
their return, confident of their ability to cope with any force of rebels not
twice their number on equal ground. The loss of comrades has cast a gloom over
our once noisy camp, and all around, you see groups in quiet tones, discussing
the battle and the hair breadth escapes, and regreting [sic] the loss of loved
and dear associates. But nothing like fear or want of confidence is seen or
The aggregate loss is 103; killed 14 men, and 1 officer, Lieut. A. B. PHELPS.
Quite a number are slightly wounded. Our friend AMES had a narrow escape; a
ball just touched his leg below the knee. In Co. C, Thomas Holden, killed;
F. C. Smith, supposed to be mortally wounded—shot through the throat;
Alex. Vania, Constable, missing, not known whether captured or killed; Joseph
Oak, shot in the hand; Jonas Hurlbert, slightly wounded; John St. Dennis, wounded
in fingers. In Co. A, no casualties occurred and none are missing. Co. B, wounded
2, missing 0. Co. C, 1 killed, 12 wounded, 1 missing. Co. D, 2 killed, 6 wounded,
4 missing. Co. E, 3 wounded, 3 missing. Co. F, 3 wounded. Co. G, 1 officer,
13 men wounded. Co. H, 1 officer, A. B. Phelps, 6 men killed—Sergt. Archie
J. Stewart, Antoine Walling, John Malette, Augustine Cole, Wilbur Berry; 1
officer and 8 men wounded. Co. I, 5 killed—1 officer, 12 men wounded,
3 missing. This account may be imperfect but as near as we can get at facts
at this time. The missing are supposed to be prisoners.
For the past week, there has been one continued rain, making it uncomfortable
in the woods, but not so oppressive as the hot dry, weather. The rumor to-night
is, that we are to march to the front in the morning. The health and spirits
of the men is excellent.
Letter from Adjutant Stanton.
We are permitted to publish the following, from a private letter from Adjutant
Stanton, of the 98th, N. Y. V.:
IN THE FIELD, PORT WALTHALL, VA.,
May 18, 1864.
On the 6th inst., we landed at Lower Hundred Landing on the South side of the
James river. The 6th we marched to near our present camp and encamped. The
afternoon of that day, Gen. Heckman's brigade had a little affair with the
enemy, in which he lost some 20 or 30 men. For two or three days there was
skirmishing, but the 98th was not engaged.
On the 9th our Division, and in fact a large portion of the force advanced
to within three miles of Petersburgh, tore up a large portion of the track
of the Richmond and Petersburgh railroad, and our Regiment with the others
bivouacked within three miles of Petersburgh for the night. The next morning,
having accomplished the object of the expedition, we returned to camp. In a
skirmish on the 9th, we had five men wounded, only one—Stephen Premo,
Co. H, slightly--from Franklin County.
On the 12th our Regiment with the rest of the available force here, started
on a demonstration on the Rebel Forts on Drewry's Bluffs. Our forces advanced
without much opposition to within two miles of the forts. Our forces gradually
drove the enemy before them and by afternoon of the 10th were at the base of
the Bluff in full sight of the enemy's works, having driven them out of rifle
pit and breastworks, and occupied them ourselves. (I only speak of the operations
in which the 98th took part.)—All day Sunday we lay in front of the rebel
works, a constant fire kept up by the sharpshooters on both sides. On Monday
morning the 16th, at 5 o'clock, the enemy having completely flanked our position,
commenced a furious attack. They completely overrun Heckman's brigage [sic]
who were on the right of us, in a few minutes. In the meantime the 98th had
formed and was ready for them, as well as it should be. They coming in on our
flank, and there being such a dense fog that it was impossible to see more
than ten feet. The Regiment remained in our rifle pits and gave the enemy a
few rounds. Here it was Lieut. Phelps was killed, with a number of others killed
and wounded. We then found the enemy was in our rear, when Col. Wead gave the
order to change front to rear on tenth Co. About the time our new line was
formed we discovered through the mist a force in front of us. Some one called
out, “What Regiment is that?” “23d Va.,” was the reply. “23d
Va., take that,” was the quick reply, as our boys opened on them with
a tremendous and well directed fire. Our Regiment kept up its fire here until
the Regiments on our right and left fell back, when the force in front, having
fallen back, the Regiment fell back a short distance out of the woods into
a cleared field. Here we lost heavily. Gen. Heckman has since been missing—probably
a prisoner, and a good many field and line officers, and brave men. At this
time our Regiment was attached to Heckman s Brigade, and Col. Wead being the
senior officer present, took command, leaving Capt. Kreutzer in command of
the Regiment. About 9 o'clock A. M., the enemy again made their appearance,
and commenced a furious assault on our position.—Col. Wead at once advanced
the Brigade, and a furious fight commenced, gradually driving the enemy before
us. The 98th here, as before, doing nobly, and bearing its full share in the
perils of the light, losing quite heavily. We drove back the enemy, when we
retired to our original position. Our position in line was afterwards somewhat
changed, but nothing else of an important character took place until late in
the afternoon when the order to return to camp came, and Col. Wead was ordered
to remain with his provissional [sic] Brigade, consisting of the 98th N. Y.,
8th Me., and 21st Conn. And a battery, as Rear Guard. We remained on the ground
until 4 1/2 P. M., when we started in rear of the whole force, reaching camp
in safety, about 8 P. M.
The 98th fought bravely and nobly whenever engaged, and marched with very few
Our loss is quite heavy, including Lieut. Phelps, who fell nobly doing his
duty, Subjoined I give a list of killed, wounded and missing:
Co. B.—Wounded—Corp. J. McGrath, severely; Private H. H. King,
severely. Missing— Sergt. J. McCarty, Corp. Wm. Danford, Priv't's A.
Collins, T. Gerard, Sam. Joy, A. Lancto, A Levitt, C. H. Totman, D. Murphy.
Co. C.—Killed—Wm. Holden. Wounded—Corp. P. C. Smith, dangerously;
Privates James Collins, severely; A. Van Gorden, since died Joseph Oak, severely;
Wm. Rodman, slightly John St. Dennis, slightly; Jas. Wood, slightly John Wood,
seriously; D. Walsh, slightly; J. Hurlbut, slightly; W. Vredenburgh, do; T.
Vredenburgh, do. Missing—Alex. Vanyea.
Co. D—Killed—Geo. Green, Joseph Crocker. Wounded—Sergt. J.
M. H. Davis, severely; Corp. Nathan Young, severely; Privates J. Gremore, severely;
J. S. Hill, severe;y; C. La May, severely; J. Thomas, severely. Missing—S.
Judd, J. McAvon, Jas. Perkins, N. Jollivett.
Co. E—Wounded—Cornelius Reiley, dangerously; Jas. Burns, slightly;
Peter Alderbroon, severely. Missing—C. Barber, J. St. Eves, Oliver Martin.
Co. F.—Wounded—Corp. N. M. Sickles, slightly; Privates C. Case,
slightly; Edward Gates, severely.
Co. G.—Wounded—Lt. F. C. Beaman, slightly; Sergt. M. Griffin, slightly;
Privates E. Bastion, slight; H. Bellows, slight; Julius Jarvis, severely; Jas.
Kelly, slight, D. McDonald, severely; W. McNall, slight, M. I. McNall, severely;
Ed. Johndro, severely; J. Chalifour, slight; C. Jason, slight; J. Chase, slight.
Missing—Lewis Rolland. Co. H.—Killed—2d Lieut. A. B. Phelps,
Sergt. Archibald Stewart; Privates J. Malette, A. Walling, A. Cole, W. Berry,
J. Badger.—Wounded—1st Lieut. O. P. Ames, slightly; Corp. C. E.
Brooks, slight; Privates A. Capstraw, do; W. Goyette, slight; Ed. Cady, severely;
A. Billings, do; Josh Rosell, severely; J. Laclair, slightly; A. Larock, slightly.
Co. I.—Killed—Corp. A. Putney, Privates Geo. Cocker, Ed. Brownell,
Brian Carlin, John W. Gray. Wounded—1st Lt. A. S. Harris, slight; Privates
John Toohey, severely; J. Finegan, slight; W. Clohassy, severely; W. Flynn,
slight; H. M. Cornlis, severely; J. R. Derwyea, slight; J. Kelley, do; J. Phillips,
ds; W. Luther, slight; H. Toping, severely; J. Welch, slight; J. Rose, slight.
Missing—J. Bombeck, R. E. Brinckerhoff, Lawrence Shears.
Co. K.—Wounded—Corp. W. Carr, dangerously, James Stanton, slightly,
Jas. Batraw, slight. Missing—Corp. Twohey, Privates A. Rose, Medore Jollivet.
The loss of the Regiment is:
Killed— Commissioned officers 1.
Enlisted men 14.
Wounded—Commissioned officers 8.
Enlisted men 62.
Missing— " " 24.
We had a very hard march while we were out, which told heavily on the men,
but we are here safe now, and are well able to hold our position, we think,
against anything the enemy may bring against us.
From the Ninety-Eighth Regiment.
GAINES' MILLS, VA., June 4, 1864.
DEAR FATHER: I got letters from you and sister last night, and I assure you
they were most welcome. They found me in the rifle pits in front of a Rebel
fort, laying pretty close in order to save my precious hide from getting a
hole through it. We left White House on Tuesday afternoon about four o'clock,
and by the same time next day had marched thirty miles, reaching a place called
Cold Harbor, and at once formed line and went into a fight. Our brigade went
in toward the last, and did not sutler very severely, but after dark our regiment
was put into a position to support a line of breastworks just captured from
the Rebels, and we were told that we must lie low and not fire, as our men
were in the works ahead of us.
During the night and next day we got pretty badly peppered, the Rebels having
a flanking fire on us, and as it could not be returned, was galling enough.
We got out of that Thursday afternoon, had a night's sleep, and started for
the front at four o'clock a. m. yesterday. We were drawn up in line, and charged
upon some rifle pits that the Rebels had thrown up to cover a fort; we took
the pits, but paid pretty dearly for it. Colonel Mead was killed, and our regiment
lost probably seventy-five men in killed and wounded.
Of the boys from Newburgh, Alvah Miller was killed, and George Higgs and Elijah
Swift wounded—don't know how badly; Wm. H. Knapp, wounded; Wm. C. Rodman,
slightly; John Hayes, severely; David S. Jamison, severely; Samuel Leeper,
in the leg; Dennis Walsh, in arm; Victor Schreeder, slightly; Corporal John
McCleary, in side and arm; John E. Ward, missing.
I am alone in my glory just now: Captain Anderson was left behind at Bermuda
Hundred as too unwell to march; Sneed has been quite unwell since our arrival
at Drury's Bluff, but managed to keep his end up till we got pretty near here;
that long march, however, was too much for him, he had to fall to the rear
and I have not seen him since, but have heard from him; I am in hopes that
a few days rest will bring him around all right. As for me I am in as good
health as a man could have the cheek to ask for in this life, the principal
difficulty being a very sufficient appetite and precious little to stop its
Yours, &c, KEARN.
From the 98th Regiment.
HEADQUARTERS 98TH N. Y. VOLS.,
IN THE TRENCHES IN FRONT OF PETERSBURGH
June 28th, 1864.
We are permitted to copy the following from a private letter from Adjutant
Have not written you for some days, have been so busy and completely worn out
that I could not muster courage to do anything only what I was obliged to do.
The weather is very hot and the dust is terrible. The trenches we occupy are
about 1000 yards from the center of the City of Petersburgh. We have an excellent
view of the city, and can see the cars going in and out of the place—and
most of the shells, thrown from our batteries at the city, go over our heads,
which are a great deal pleasanter than those of the rebels—thrown in
return. The line of works in our front occupied by the enemy, are about 100
yards from us, and it is pretty dangerous to show one's head above our breastworks.
The morning of the 24th, about 8 o'clock, the enemy opened on us a tremendous
fire of artillery, from about 24 guns, and kept it up about three quarters
of an hour, and then made a charge on our lines. We repulsed them easily, and
made it so hot for them that those who reached our front line of works, consisting
of "Gopher" holes for our skirmishers, and occupied by a portion
of our Regiment, were glad to give themselves up as prisoners, some willingly
and some with rather bad grace. We took in all about 500 prisoners, and must
have killed and wounded upwards of a hundred more. Among the prisoners were
five Commissioned Officers. The 98th sustained a loss of 5 killed, 10 wounded
and 27 missing. The following is a list of the names:
Co. A.—Killed—Pt. Phillip Lynch. Missing—Sergts. James Dickey,
Frederick Howard, Pts. William Drew, John Martin, Ephraim Bova, R. A. Wescott,
Oliver Ashlaw, Regis Petell, Antoine Wallett.
Co. B.—Killed—Pts. Napoleon Hibert, Chas. Morgan. Wounded 1st Sergt.
John McCollough, in head slight; Thos. Warner, head and arm, severe; Elias
Parmenter, slight; T. H. Rogers, slight; Wm. Waterman, slight. Missing—Pts.
Owen Glinn, Russell Laporte.
Co. C—Killed—Pt. John Thomas. Wounded—Pt. Abram Franse, slight.
Missing—1st Sergt, H. H. Lyon, Sergt. Hugh Mackinson, Pt. Charles Rogers.
Co. D.—Missing—Corps. John Tryon, Marvin Murry, Pts. Henry H. Brown,
Russell Bourdway, Peter Denio, Israel Disotell, Francis Degatte, John Dunn,
Fred Modix, Benjamin Pecor.
Co. E.—Wounded—Pt. Joseph Roselle, in leg, slight.
Co. F.—Wounded—Pt. Patrick Farrell, head and arm, severe.
Co. I.—Killed—Pt. Charles Bowen. Wounded—Pt. James Johnson,
in head, slight.
Co. K—Wounded—Pt. John C. Omans, in head, severe. Missing—Pts.
Geo. H. Arnold, Geo. Bradley, Wm. C. Cook, Ira Smith, Moses Bourelle.
On the 25th, Sergt. Isaac Foster, Co. H, was wounded in the head, and to-day,
Corp. Francis Holmes, Co. G, was wounded in the head. I believe these are all
the casualties since my last. D. H. S.
Letter from Lieutenant Commandant Oakley.
CHAPIN'S BLUFF, VA., September 30, 1864.
DEAR FATHER: We had a severe fight yesterday, in which the First Division bore
a glorious part. It carried a splendid line of works, three forts, capturing
twenty-two guns, mostly heavy 100 pounders. Our loss is slight in comparison
to the position we took, and if we can hold it, will give the Johnnies some
trouble. I am all right, not a scratch. We had only seven men wounded in the
company and none killed. Bill Sheridan, Charles Secor and Al Van Keuren were
all the Newburg boys that were hit—none severely.
Excuse the quality of the paper; it's the best the Johnnies had on hand.
Yours in a hurry. Will write again soon.
From the 98th Regiment.
CAMP OF THE 98TH REGIMENT,
October 3d, 1864.
EDITORS PALLADIUM—The 98th left here last Wednesday, leaving their tents
standing, and taking nothing but their overcoats and rubber blankets. They
crossed the James River at Dutch Gap, and were engaged in the battle near Chapin's
Farm, which you have probably seen an account of ere this. I have just procured
an official list of the killed, wounded and missing, and will give you the
names of those from Franklin County.
Killed, 4—Lyman Miller, Co. C; Horace Smith, D; Corp. John W. Brown,
E; Judson Cheeney, G. Mortally Wounded—Sergt. Patrick Mannix, Co. A.;
Newell Jollivet, D.
Wounded—Co. A—Wm. Blair, Jeremiah Haskin, Joseph Tenoff.
Co. B—Peter J. Martin.
Co. C—Corp. John St. Dennis, Sidney Manning.
Co. D—Sergt. Lyman Brown, Sergt. J. M. H. Davis, Benj. Neeley, Edsell
Co. E—Peter Graham, Jas. Burns, William Sellers.
Sergt. J. W. Adams, Horace Bellows, Aaron Sargent, Peter Jock, George E. Clark,
M. R. Maxam, H. D. Keeler, J. McCullom, Peter Rushford, Alex. Neddo.
Co. H—Sergt. Eusebe Lalime, Corp. Frank Myers, Corp. G. A. Wright, Amos
Arell, Jas. Laclare.
Severely wounded, 22
Slightly " 27
Besides the killed and wounded, there are 21 missing and Peter Dorsey taken
Among the officers, Capt. Allen and Lieut. Booth were severely wounded, and
Capt. Gile and Capt. Rogers, slightly.
The Regiment still occupies the works taken on Thursday, and it is quite probable
our camp will be moved in a few days, as they are suffering for their tents
Yours in haste, AMES.
ALBANY EVENING JOURNAL.
WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPT. 6, 1865.
UNION STATE CONVENTON.
The Union Electors of this State who supported the Administration of ABRAHAM
LINCOLN in the prosecution of the war against treason, and all who are in favor
of sustaining the Administrations of ANDREW JOHNSON and REUBEN E. FENTON are
requested to ....
Letter from Lieutenant Commanding Oakley.
FORT HARRISON, VA., October 13, 1864.
Enclosed please find Richmond Enquirer of the 1st inst. Among the personals
is one addressed to a Mrs. Parke, of Newburgh, referring to the death of some
friend in Richmond, which I guess wouldn't lend much aid and comfort to the
enemy to communicate to her.
The Ninety-Eighth is in capital health and spirits. Our brigade, with the One
Hundred and Forty-Eighth and One Hundred and Fifty-Eighth New York, are at
present garrisoning the fort, under the able command of Colonel Jourdan, formerly
of the Fifty-Sixth. Connelly, as Adjutant General keeps things running admirably,
while Gerard as Commissary leaves nothing to be wished for in the subsistence
We have been busy as beavers since the fort was taken, and now have a work
that we think will cost Jeff more men to take back than he can afford to pay
for it. We hear that our forces on the right of us have carried another line
of breastworks this morning, somewhere near the Newmarket road, I think.
Jeff's men are evidently getting demoralized. They had a lot of Richmond Militia
in front of us, but these deserted so fast that they took them away and put
some Georgia troops in their place; but these proved worse than the others,
for the first night twelve of them came over to our picket line and gave themselves
up. They are from the Savanna Blues, a fancy Regiment got up for the defence
of that city. Yesterday they changed them again, but without much better success,
as the presence of three of them in our camp this morning testifies. Their
officers go on the vidette line now to keep the pickets from slipping off.
Occasionally one of the officers slips off too. They begin to realize that
the pins are being knocked out from under their Confederacy, and that it is
best for a prudent man to stand from under. With the election of Lincoln and
Johnson, the last peg will start, and then look out for a smash in Dixie. The
enclosed paper is from Sergeant Charley Barr.
Yours, truly, OAK.
The following is the "Personal" from the Enquirer alluded to in the
Mrs. M. P. Parks, Newburgh, N. Y.
Our mother, after great suffering, entered into rest on the evening of September
26th; particulars by flag of truce. I am alone at present, but hope soon to
get occupants for the house. N. B. is better, and has gone to Mrs. G.'s; has
a furlough for thirty days. Write soon by flag of truce to your devoted sister.
New York papers please copy.
The officers of the Regiment are as follows:—
FIELD AND STAFF.
Lieutenant-Colonel—William Krentzer, Lyons, Wayne county, entered the
service as Captain.
Major—W. H. Rogers, Lyons, Wayne county, entered the service as Quartermaster
Surgeon—Dr. J. D. Benton, Cato, Cayuga county, formerly Assistant Surgeon
of the One Hundred and Eleventh N. Y. Vols.
Chaplain—Rev. C. H. Richardson, Massena, St. Lawrence county, formerly
Chaplain of the Ninety-second N. Y. Vols., mustered out in this city in January
Adjutant—Lieut. J. H. R. Oakley, Newburgh, formerly First Lieutenant
in the One Hundred and Sixty-eighth N. Y. Vols.
Quartermaster—Lieut. S. S. Short, Sodus, Wayne county, entered the service
Captain A. C. Wells, of Joy, Wayne county, entered the service as a private;
Captain A. S. Harris, of Ontario, Wayne county, entered the service as a
private; Captain W. F. Angervine, of Canandaigua, entered the service as
a sergeant; Captain E. M. Copps, of Chateaugay, Franklin county, entered
the service as a private; Captain D. D. Mott, of Fort Covington, Franklin
county, entered the service as a private; Captain F. C. Beaman, of Burke,
Franklin county, entered the service as a private; First Lieutenant C. B.
Colwell, of Newburgh, entered the service as a sergeant; First Lieutenant
George H. Benton, of Poultneyville, Wayne county, entered the service as
a corporal; First Lieutenant L. B. Sperry, of Bangor, Franklin county, entered
the service as a private; First Lieutenant S. B. Powell, of Malone, Franklin
county, entered the service as a private; First Lieutenant, C. H. McArthur,
Malone, entered the service as a corporal; First Lieutenant Ed. S. Smith, of
Brockport, Monroe county, entered the service as a private.
The Regiment was originally organized under the command of Colonel William
Button, who died in July, '62, of fever, contracted during his service in the "Peninsular
Campaign." Colonel Dutton was succeeded by Colonel Charles Durkee, who
resigned his position at Hilton Head in February, '63. Colonel Durkee was succeeded
by Colonel F. F. Weed, who was killed in action at Coal Harbor June 3d, '64.
Colonel Weed was succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel William Kreutzer, the present
commanding officer. Colonel Krentzer is a graduate of Genesee College, and
is by profession a lawyer. He has for several months held a commission as Colonel,
but the strength of his command has not been sufficient to permit him to muster
WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPT. 6, 1865.
THE NINETY-EIGHTH REGIMENT—ITS RECEPTION AND HISTORY.--This regiment,
as we have already stated, arrived in this city, and is now quartered at the
Barracks on the Troy Road. That they were not received and properly entertained
on their arrival was no fault of our Citizens' Committee, but the fault of
Gov. Fenton's agent at New York, who failed, as in almost every instance of
late, to notify the Committee of the departure from New York of a single regiment,
and the first intimation they would get of their arrival would be the beating
of drums coming up from the steamboat. The agent deserves to be severely censured
for his action, and we hope he will be. He probably does not know, having never
experienced the hardships of the brave soldier, the pleasure it would give
them to receive a warm and hearty meal while under transportation from point
to point. If he did, he would certainly act different. Being a nabob, whose
feelings are too high strung to consult; with or look after the interests of
a private soldier, he struts about with the dignity of a member of the French
nobility. But we would just say to this fellow, that the heart which beats
beneath the humblest blue coot is one that he might feel proud of. It is honest,
brave and humane—three characteristics that any ordinary man might envy.
However, the boys fully understand the position our Citizens’ Committee
occupied in relation to their arrival, and expressed their feelings in yesterday’s
issue. But the boys went a little too far when they censured their Lieutenant
Colonel for neglecting to attend to their wants on their arrival here. He was
no more to blame than themselves. He knew that they had five days’ rations,
which would not expire until last night. He knew nothing of the arrangements
made by the Citizens’ Committee, and therefore was anxious to get the
men to camp as soon as possible, as they were in need of rest. The following
is a brief history of the regiment:
The regiment was organized in February, 1862, at Albany, by the consolidation
of three companies from Wayne county with seven companies from Franklin county.
In the spring following it was assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and participated
in all the events of McClennel’s campaign of ’62 until the evacuation
of Harrison’s Landing, on the 17th of August. Early in the following
year (1863) it was transferred to the Eighteenth Army Corps, and constituted
a part of General Foster’s expedition against Charleston, after which
it returned to Virginia and went into camp in Princess Anne county. While there
the regiment reinlisted [sic], and spent a portion of the following winter
in New York on its “veteran furlough.” Returning to the scene of
strife, it participated in all the achievements of the Army of the James during
the memorable campaign of ’64, and was among the first to enter Richmond
on the 3d of April last. It remained in this vicinity until the 15th of July,
when it was ordered to Danville. The names of battles ordered to be inscribed
on its banners for meritorious participation in them are twenty-one in number,
viz: Yorktown, Williamsburg, Savage's
Station, Fair Oaks, White Oak Swamp, Charles City Crossroads, Malvern Hill,
Siege of Charleston, Swift Creek, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor June 1st and
3d; Petersburg, June 15th, 17th, 24th, 30th, and July 30th (brought on by the
explosion of the mine); Fort Harrison, Sept. 29th and 30th, and Second Fair
Oaks. The regiment has on its company rolls over 1,500 men. Its present strength,
to be mustered out, is only 350 men. At Cold Harbor, during the 12 days it
remained there, its battle-flag was pierced by 51 bullets. Its losses in the
different battles amount to over 1,000 men. It never lost its colors, and its
line never wavered in the charge. The officers of the regiment are as follows:
Field and Staff—Lieut. Colonel, Wm. Kreutzer, late Provost Marshal 2d
District of Richmond; Major, W. H. Rogers, late military commander of the sub-district
of Danville; J. D. Benton, Surgeon; Rev. C. H. Richardson, Chaplain; Lieut.
J. K. R. Oakley, Adjutant; Lieut. Sr S. Short, Quartermaster. Line—Captain,
A. C. Wells, late Inspector General 2d Independent Brigade, 24th Army Corps;
Captain A. S. Harris, late Provost Marshal of Danville; Captains W. F. Angervine,
E. M. Copps, D. D. Mott, late Post Commissary of Richmond, F. C. Blaman, late
Post Commissary of Manchester; Lieutenants C. B. Colwell, G. H. Benton, L.
B. Sperry. S. B. Powell, C. H. McArthur, E. S. Smith.
This regiment did provost guard duty in Manchester, Va., for several weeks
after its occupation by the Federal forces. Immediately on its arrival on that
never-to-be-forgotten morning, the 3d of April, a detail was made from it to
guard the residence of the fugitive Jefferson Davis, another to guard the Capitol,
and another still to assist in arresting the progress of the flames, which,
like an insatiable demon, were sweeping over that city; and all through that
fearful transition period, when the foundations of society seemed broken up,
and theft, rioting, drunkenness and licentiousness were the order of the day,
and whiskey was to be had at every corner, this regiment rendered valuable
service to the city and won for itself an excellent name by the uniform good
conduct, fidelity to duty and sobriety of both officers and men. Colonel Kreutzer,
the senior officer, is a native of this State. He graduated at Genesee College,
and is by profession a lawyer. In 1861 he raised a company and came out a captain.—For
meritorious services during the campaign of 1864 he was commissioned lieutenant
colonel and colonel. On this last commission the strength of his regiment would
not permit him to muster. With the exception of the assault on Fort Harrison,
he commanded the Ninety-eight in every engagement in which it participated.
ALBANY EVENING JOURNAL.
SATURDAY EVENING, SEPT. 16, 1865.
The Ninety-Eighth Regiment is being paid off to-day. It is said, in high compliment
to these gallant heroes, that the regiment has not been detained to adjust
claims for damages to private property, as has been too frequently the case.
The Colonel has issued the following fare well address:—
HEADQUARTERS 98TH N. Y. S. V.,
ALBANY, N. Y., Sept. 15, 1865.
Fellow Soldiers—You are returning from a war which has shaken the commercial
and industrial interests of the world. Your marches, toils and battles have
been crowned with success. In all the rebellious States, the Constitution and
the laws are supreme.
Your friends, and relatives in their quiet homes will rejoice to receive you,
glorious survivors of so many dangers and victories, in the same degree that
we are sad upon separation and the severing of ties which have united us in
our country's darkest hour and grown stronger in battle and victory, in the
overthrow and dispersion of our enemies and the final triumph of our cause.
The battles in which you have been engaged shall live forever in your country's
annals. On the mountains, in the valleys, on the rivers, the plains, the lakes,
and in the towns and cities, the narration of your sufferings, toils and victories,
shall elicit in all coming time the warmest commendation of posterity.
How intense the happiness of that soldier who returns from this war safely
to his home conscious of having left no duty unperformed. Joy brightens his
cheeks and quickens his footsteps, and all who love their country, its benign
and free institutions, extend their hands to receive him and lavish their blessings
To those of our comrades who have died in the line of duty, no tribute can
be too great, no honors too flattering. Though left cold and unburied on the
battle-field, though blanched by the rains and winds of heaven, or though,
unmarked and unknown, they smoulder in the trenches around Petersburgh and
Richmond, our free and united country is their monument, and history shall
wreathe their names with everlasting greenness.
You, who have periled your lives for the integrity of the nation, are citizens
again. Your duties are still great and your responsibilities tremendous. The
voices of your comrades, living and dead, call upon you to be socially and
politically true in heart and head. Society needs everywhere brave, earnest,
truthful men, and such men everywhere succeed.
This is an age of reform and its spirit is progressive. Cherish the good and
combat the evil.
For the present your military service is ended. Go home and work, and vote,
Colonel 98th N. Y. S. V.
MALONE, THURSDAY, SEPT. 14, 1865.
The Ninety-Eighth New York Veteran Volunteers.
This Regiment which has held so large a place in the hearts of the people of
this county, has at last been mustered out of the service and is now in Albany
awaiting its final payment, was organized in February, 1862, by the consolidation
of three companies from Wayne county with seven from Franklin county. In the
Spring following it was assigned to the army of the Potomac, and participated
in all the events of McClellan's campaign of '62, until the evacuation of Harrison's
Landing, on the 17th of August. Early in the following year (1863) it was transferred
to the Eighteenth Army Corps, and constituted a part of General Foster's expedition
against Charleston, after which it returned to North Carolina and garrisoned
the Post of Newport Barracks until about the first of September following,
when it was ordered to Virginia and went into camp in Princess Anne county.
While there the Regiment re-enlisted, and spent a portion of the following
winter in this State on its "Veteran furlough." During the Fall of
'63 it was recruited with three companies—one each from Malone, Newburgh,
and Poughkeepsie. Returning to the scene of strife, it participated in all
the achievements of the Army of the James during the memorable campaign of
'64, including twelve days at Cold Harbor, and from the 15th of June to the
last of August, in front of Petersburgh. It was one of the Regiments that stormed
Fort Harrison on the 29th of September, losing nearly one-half of the men it
took into the fight that day, and was among the first to enter Richmond on
the 3d of April last. It remained in that vicinity until the 15th of July,
when it was ordered to Danville, Va. It returned to Richmond, and was there
mustered out of service on the 31st of August.
In the Richmond Daily Republic of that date, we find the following notice of
The Ninety-eighth Regiment New York Veteran Volunteers, now encamped in Manchester,
is to be mustered out of service to-day. It will be remembered that this regiment
did provost guard duty in this city for several weeks after its occupation
by the Federal forces. Immediately after its arrival here on that never-to-be-forgotten
morning, the 3d April, a detail was made
to guard the residence of the fugitive Jefferson Davis, another to guard the
Capitol, and another still to assist in arresting the progress of the flames,
which, like an insatiable demon were sweeping over the beautiful city; and
all through that fearful transition period, when the foundations of society
seemed broken up, and theft, rioting, drunkenness and licentiousness were the
order of the day, and whiskey was to be had at every corner, this Regiment
rendered valuable service to the city and won for itself an excellent name,
besides a high place in our esteem, by the uniform good conduct, fidelity to
duty, and sobriety of both officers and men.”
The names of battles ordered to be inscribed on the banners of the Ninety-eighth
for meritorious participation in them, are twenty-one in number, viz: Yorktown,
Williamsburg, Savage’s Station, Fair Oaks, White Oak Swamp, Charles City
Crossroads, Malvern Hill, Siege of Charleston, Swift Creek, Drury’s Bluff,
Cold Harbor, June 1st and 3d; Petersburgh, June 15th, 17th, 24th, 30th, and
July 30th (brought on by the explosion of the mine,) Fort Harrison, September
29th and 30th, and Second Fair Oaks. The regiment has on its company rolls
over fifteen hundred men. Its present strength, mustered out, is only three
hundred and fifty men. At Cold Harbor during the twelve days fifty-one bullets.
Its losses in the different battles amount to over a thousand men. It never
lost its colors, and its line never wavered in the charge.
The officers of the Regiment are as follows:
FIELD AND STAFF.
Lieutenant-Colonel, William KREUTZER, Lyons, Wayne county, entered the service
Major W. H. ROGERS, Lyons, Wayne county, entered the service as Quartermaster
Surgeon, Dr. J. D. BENTON, Cato, Cayuga county, formerly Assistant Surgeon
of the One Hundred and Eleventh N. Y. Vols.
Chaplain, Rev. C. H. RICHARDSON, Massena, St. Lawrence county, formerly Chaplain
of the Ninety-second N. Y. Vols., mustered out in this city in January last.
Adjutant, Lieut. J. K. R. OAKLEY, Newburgh, formerly First Lieutenant in the
One Hundred and Sixty-eighth N. Y. Vols.
Quartermaster, Lieut. S. S. SHORT, Sodus, Wayne county, entered the service
as a Corporal.
Captain A. G. WELLS, of Joy, Wayne county, entered the service as a private.
Captain A. S. HARRIS, of Ontario, Wayne county, entered the service as a private.
Captain W. F. ANGERVINE, of Canandaigua, entered the service as a sergeant.
Captain E. M. CORPS, of Chateaugay, Franklin County, entered the service as
Captain B. B. MOTT, of Fort Covington, Franklin county, entered the service
as a private.
Captain F. C. BEAMAN, of Burke, Franklin county, entered the service as a private.
First Lieutenant C. B. COLWELL, of Newburgh, entered the service as a sergeant.
First Lieutenat [sic] GEORGE H. BENTON, of Poultneyville, Wayne county, entered
the service as a corporal.
First Lieutenant L. B. SPERRY, of Bangor, Franklin county, entered the service
as a private.
First Lieutenant S. B. POWELL, of Malone, Franklin county, entered the service
as a private.
First Lieutenant C. H. MCARTHUR, of Malone, Franklin county, entered the service
as a corporal.
First Lieutenant ED. S. SMITH, of Brockport, Monroe county, entered the service
as a private.
The Regiment was originally organized under the command of Colonel WILLIAM
DUTTON, of Wayne county, who died July 4th, '62, of fever, contracted during
his service in the "Peninsula Campaign." Colonel DUTTON was succeeded
by Colonel CHARLES DURKEE, who resigned his position at Hilton Head in February,
'63. Colonel DURKEE was succeeded by Colonel WEED, killed at Cold Harbor June
3d, '64. Colonel WEED was succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel WILLIAM KREUTZER,
the present commanding officer. Colonel KREUTZER has for several months held
a commission as Colonel but the strength of his command has not been sufficient
to permit him to muster on it.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
October 12, 2007