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369th Infantry Regiment
World War One


Parent unit constituted 2 June 1913 in the New York National Guard as the 15th Infantry Regiment. Organized 29 June 1916 at New York. Mustered into Federal service 25 July 1917 at Camp Whitman , New York; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917. (15th Battalion organized 3 August 1917 in the New York Guard at New York to replace regiment in Federal service; expanded and redesignated 31 July 1918 as the 15th Infantry, New York Guard).

Assigned 1 December 1917 to the 185th Infantry Brigade. (185 Infantry Brigade assigned 5 January 1918 to the 93rd Division [Provisional]).

Reorganized and redesignated 1 March 1918 as the 369th Infantry. Relieved 8 May 1918 from assignment to the 185th Infantry Brigade; assigned 9 September 1918 to the French 161st Division; relieved 12 December 1918 from assignment to the French 161st Division. Demobilized 28 February 1919 at Camp Upton, New York.

The recruitment took place in Harlem, New York.
The battalion trained at Camp Whitman (Poughkeepsie, N.Y.); guard duty in New York City; in further training in South Carolina; shipped overseas 27 December 1917; regimental band toured France; served within the French army in General Henri Gouraud’s 4th Army; in the 16th French Division.

During its service the regiment suffered 1500 casualties and took place in the following campaigns:

Champagne – Marne
Meuse – Argonne
Champagne 1918
Alsace 1918

Historical Sketch

Henry Johnson's Commendation with translation

15th Regiment, NYNG, Regimental Flag 15th Regiment, NYNG, Regimental Flag

369th Regimental Color 369th Regimental Color

Monument at Sechault
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Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Badger, Reid. A Life in Ragtime: A Biography of James Reese Europe. NY: Oxford UP, 1995.

Green, Robert E. Black Defenders of America, 1775 – 1973. Chicago: Johnson Publishing Company, 1974.

Harris, Stephen L. Harlem's Hell Fighters: The African American 369th Infantry in World War I. Brasseys, Inc., 2003.

Little, Arthur W. From Harlem to the Rhine: The Story of New York's Colored Volunteers. NY: Covici Friede, 1936.

Miles, William, & Robinson, Nancy K. Men of Bronze. Videorecording. AWCLib.

Moore, William E., & Russell, James C. U.S. Official Pictures of the World War: Showing America's Participation; Selected From the Official Files of the War Department.... 3 vols. n.p., Army & Navy Union, [1921]. Vol. 1 incls NY troops in the war.

Report on the activities in the World War of 369th United States Infantry (15th New York).
Transcription available here.
Original located in the George S. Robb Papers at the Kansas Historical Society.
Provided by Jeffrey Sammons.
Transcribed by Helen Kyle.

Sammons, Jeffrey T. 1949- (Jeffrey Thomas). Harlem's Rattlers and the Great War : the undaunted 369th Regiment & the African American quest for equality. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2014.

Scott, Emmett J. The American Negro in the World War (n.p., 1919).
Available online thru the Library of Congress.

Teaching With Documents Lesson Plan: Photographs of the 369th Infantry and African Americans during World War I. National Archive and Records Administration. Available Online.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: October 26, 2015

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