105th Infantry Regiment
World War Two
The 105th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 2nd New York Infantry was a New York
State National Guard Regiment that saw action in a number of conflicts, including
the Civil War, the Spanish-America War, the Mexican Border dispute of 1916, World
War I, and finally World War II. It was officially re-designated the 105th Infantry
in September of 1917. For service in World War II, the Regiment was organized
into twelve companies, which initially drew their membership from a number of
towns in the capital region. Companies A, C, and D were recruited from Troy. Company
B was recruited from Cohoes. Companies E, F, and H were recruited from Schenectady.
Companies G, I, K, L, and M were recruited from Amsterdam, Malone, Glens Falls,
Saratoga Springs, and Gloversville respectively. Additional regimental troops
came from Hoosick Falls, Whitehall, and Saranac Lake.
The 105th was inducted into federal service and assigned to the 27th Infantry
Division on October 15th 1940. Following its induction, the Regiment was moved
to Fort McClellan, AL. on October 25th 1940. The 106th departed for Hawaii March
10th 1942 and arrived on March 17th 1942. The Regiment’s 3rd Battalion landed
on Butaritari Island, the principal island of the Makin Atoll on November 20th
1943. It formed a Special Landings Group, which preceded the main landing craft
in amtracs (Amphibious Tanks) and cleared the beaches for the subsequent landing
waves. The Battalion fought with the 165th Infantry for the remainder of the battle
and on November 24th 1943 left the atoll for Hawaii, where they arrived on December
2nd 1943. The Regiment left Hawaii on May 31st and landed on Saipan on the 17th
of June 1944, where it fought with the rest of the 27th Division for the first
time. The 105th Regiment was initially responsible for clearing the hilly and
well fortified southern point of Saipan, which was later found to have been held
by over 1,200 Japanese defenders. Following this, the Regiment joined the rest
of the 27th Division and the 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions for what would be an
extremely bloody assault on Mount Tapotchau, the island’s key defensive
position. Near the end of the battle, the 105th also bore the brunt of the largest
Banzai charge of the entire war, its 1st and 2nd Battalions killing by actual
count 2,295 Japanese. As a result of this grisly fighting, three soldiers of the
105th were posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. The 105th was
detached to Army Garrison Force 244 on Saipan between the 15th and 30th of July.
The 105th arrived at Espiritu Santo on September 4th 1944 for rest and re-supply,
and departed on March 25th 1945. The 3rd Battalion assaulted Tsugen Shima off
Okinawa on April 10th 1945 to safeguard the landing beaches on Okinawa itself.
The 105th landed on Okinawa on April 12th and 13th 1945 and was heavily engaged
in an area known as the Kakazu pocket, which centered on a well-fortified ridge
system. The Regiment’s action in Okinawa was its last serious duty. On September
12th 1945 the 105th arrived in Japan for garrison duties. It was deactivated on
December 12th 1945, following its return to the states.
For information on the present activities of the 27th Division,
including reunions, contact The Orion Gallivanter, the official Newsletter
of the 27th Division Association at:
27th Division Association
PO Box 2522
Syracuse, NY 13220-2522
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.
Chaisson, Patrick. “Obie’s Last Stand:” A Study of Leadership Under Fire.
Presentation given by Major Chaisson in July, 2011 on LTC William O'Brien.
Love, Edmund G. The 27th Infantry Division In World War
II. Nashville: Battery Press, 1982.
Kennedy, Jack, Col., USA retired (compiler). Members of Company B, 105th Infantry, 27th Infantry Division NYARNG, inducted into Federal service on October 15, 1940, at Cohoes, NY.
Kennedy, Jack, Col., USA retired (compiler). Deceased 105th Infantry Personnel
Interred or Memorialized in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.
Stanton, Shelby L. World War II Order of Battle.
New York: Galahad Books, 1991, pgs. 103-105, 216, 230.
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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military
October 10, 2012