Atlas Sites, 1961, a 12-missile Atlas F ICBM squadron (the
556th Strategic Missile Squadron) became operational 1 October 1961 at Plattsburgh
AFB, NY,. The Atlas Fs were removed from alert on 25 June 1965. Ten of these
12 sites are in New York State, the other two in Vermont. The New York sites
were at (1) Champlain, (4) Willsboro, (5) Lewis,
(6) Au Sable Forks, (7) Riverview, (8) Redford,
(9) Dannemora, (10) Brainardsville,
(11) Ellenburg Depot, and (12) Mooers. The first Atlas F missile system was
built in 1960, after a short operational period, was decommissioned in 1965.
These sites were the first of the "super hardened"; missile silos,
built to withstand a 200 pound per square inch blast. There is one reported
in Saranac Lake area not listed in official records.
General Layout: These sites consist of several general elements:
Command Building: Two stories 40 feet in diameter. Access was by stairs and
through two blast proof doors. Approximately 2,363 square feet of floor space
not including stairway or vestibule. Due to the insulation of the earth, heating
and cooling needs were minimal.
Missile Silo: The missile silo was a huge structure 50 feet
in diameter and approximately 185 feet deep. Access was from a 40 foot tunnel
leading from the command building stairway. Missile silo had an approximate
volume of 363,062 cubic feet.
Land: Land typically was 19-21 acres. Originally, the inner
5 acres of these sites were surrounded by a barbed wire topped chain link fence.
Status: All sites are now in private ownership, all materials
were salavaged before they were sold but the structures remain intact as last
reported in 1996.
For more Infomation go to www.siloworld.com
(Link will open new window.)
Back to Forts A-D Index
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military
March 19, 2008