Black Americans in the US Military from the American Revolution
to the Korean War:
All links below open new windows.
About.com. "American History Timeline: War of 1812." 2004. <http://americanhistory.about.com/library/timelines/bltimelinewar1812.htm>.
Acepilots.com. "The Tuskegee Airmen 332nd Fighter Group." 2003. <http://www.acepilots.com/usaaf_tusk.html>.
Buckley, Gail Lumet. American patriots : the story of Blacks in the military from the Revolution to Desert Storm. New York: Random House. 2001.
Feltus, Pamela. "The Korean War." US Centennial of Flight Commission. <http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Air_Power/korea/AP38.htm>.
Nalty, Bernard C. Strength for the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military. New York: The Free Press. 1986.
Powell, Anthony L. "An Overview: Black Participation In The Spanish-American War." Spanish American War Centenial Website. <http://www.spanamwar.com/AfroAmericans.htm>.
Pike, John. :The Spanish-American War." GlobalSecurity.org. October 14, 2003. <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/spanish_american.htm>.
Sills, Sam. "The Abraham Lincoln Brigade of the Spanish Civil War." 06-Aug-2004. <http://www.english.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/abe-brigade.html>.
Stanton, Shelby L. Order of Battle: U.S. Army, World War II. California: Presidio Press. 1984.
Terry, Wallace. Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans. New York: Random House. 1984.
"Unlikely Liberators: African American and Japanese American Soldiers who Liberated Concentration Camps Honored in Special Program and Museum Exhibit." The Holocaust Center. <http://holocaust-sf.org/exhibits.html>.
US State Department. "Recall of General Douglas MacArthur (1951)." Department of State Bulletin. 16 April 1951. <http://archive.org/details/departmentofstatx2451unit>.
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History