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Black Americans in the US Military from the American Revolution to the Korean War:
The American Revolution to 1808

The American Revolution: A fight for freedom?

Constitutional Debates on Slavery

Slave Rebellions

On August 20, 1800, the fears of Virginian Whites almost came true. Gabriel Prosser had organized over a thousand slaves to join his militia from around the Richmond area. Starting from his owner’s property on the night of August 20, 1800, Prosser and his militia would begin their invasion of Richmond, which had been short on men and muskets. Prosser ordered that only Quakers, Methodists and French be spared. The invasion failed because a sudden heavy rainstorm washed out the roads and bridges leading into Richmond. If this militia had actually made it to Richmond, they also would have been caught off guard by a surprise from the enemy: Governor James Monroe’s militia stood on guard, because two slaves had abandoned Prosser’s militia and informed local authorities of the plan.

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New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: March 30, 2006
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/articles/BlacksMilitaryRev.htm

 
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