8th Regiment Artillery (Heavy), NY Volunteers
Civil War Newspaper Clippings
LETTER FROM BALTIMORE.
FORT FEDERAL HILL,
Baltimore, May 1st, 1863.
MR. EDITOR.—May day with us is bright fresh and balmy. Winter's desolation
have at last yielded to the genial influence of spring, and the suspended animations
of winter, inspired by the breath and smile everywhere gives signs of life.
By thousands of soldiers, who have spent the long dreary winter but poorly
sheltered from its blasts and storms, the spring is hailed with an unwonted
enthusiasm. Poor fellows, many of them are greeting their last May day. This
month, mild, genial and balmy as it will be, will ever be remembered as the
most bloody in the annals of our nation. Dupont is to renew the attack on Charleston;
Hooker with at least sixty thousand men is said to be between Lee's army and
Richmond; Grant's whole army are moving toward the foe; Banks is continuing
his victorious march; Burnside is about to fight again, and when he fights
blood must flow.
It seems that the great decisive battles are to be fought in this month. Who
can rise to a conception of the magnitude of the issue suspended in the scales
of war. Who can properly estimate the fearfulness of the crisis. Vast armies
enured to war, and comparatively well disciplined [sic], armed with most destructive
weapons, and moved by desperation are rushing to the shock of battle, to decide
finally the question of man's capability of self government.
Every Christian should prostrate himself before God and plead with him to forgive
our nation’s sins, and to go before our hosts and give them the victory.
I would that we were in the van. It is exceedingly trying to be kept here far
from the scene of glorious strife. Every man in this regiment would greet with
vociferous cheers an order to move to the front. But we are here by command
of the “powers that be,” and not by our own seeking.
Our duty is important, and we try to faithfully perform it. Four companies,
C. D. F. and H., are at Fort McHenry. Company A is here at Fort Marshall.
Three detachments are guarding bridges. One detachment is about to leave for
Cincinnati as a guard over convalescents left by Burnside. The regiment will
probably not be together soon. There is but little sickness among us, none
that is regarded serious.
The Union Mass Meeting, held April 23d, under the auspices of the Union Leagues
of Maryland, was the most enthusiastic Union demonstration I ever witnessed.
The expressions of Gov. Bradford and Secretary Blair, would have been hissed
by a New York audience, but were most heartily cheered by at least five thousand
Marylanders. There are no Copperheads here.
The union men of the south are decided. They do not profess to love the union
and support the government, and at the same time oppose the administration.
No class of men will reap such a bitter harvest of indignation as the copperheads
of the north.—The flat-headed, slimy reptiles had better burough [sic]
so deep as never again to crawl to the surface, for throughout the army there
is a conviction that they have lengthened the war, and multiplied its victims.
You will hear from soldiers only expressions of determination to be revenged
if ever they return. The 151st regiment is on the B. & O. R. R., most at
Harper's Ferry. It is uncertain whether they return. There is but little doubt
but that the 8th Artillery will remain here. We have an easy berth,—No
privations, no hardships, only separation from home and loved ones there.
Letter from Chaplain De La Matyr.
FORT Federal HILL, BALTIMORE. MD.,
May 21st, 1863.
Eds. AMERICAN: The fact that many of your readers are interested in everything
concerning the 8th N. Y. Artillery is my reason for writing. Our sphere of
duty is not amid the thrilling scenes upon which all eyes are fixed, and we
have no news of general interest to send you. Five companies of this Regt.
are at Fort Mc Henry in command of Major Willets. Five companies remain at
Fort Federal Hill. Companies A. and C. are at Mc Henry. Detachments are guarding
three bridges which cross the Patapsco from three to six miles southwest from
Federal Hill. A. detachment is also guarding Patterson Park Hospital.
The health of the regiment is better than at any time since we arrived, and
the men are more contented and cheerful. We hold a public religious service,
a conference, a prayer and a bible class meeting each week. We have a flourishing
division of the Sons of Temperance which meets weekly. I think the regiment
is not degenerating morally [sic]. Last Sabbath several wives of officers attended
our public service. They will continue to favor us with their presence which
will exert a salutary influence. The probabilities still indicate that we shall
remain here. The 151st is in Western Virginia. Captain Halleck is in command
of the Camp here which has not been broken up, and it is possible that the
regiment will return. Captain Potter remains in Camp in feeble health. It is
doubtful whether he will soon be able to perform active service. He would be
justified in resigning but his indomitable will does not succumb.
There is a strong and growing Union sentiment among the people of this
State. The Union men are decided. I have never heard any of the "if's" and"
but's" so common in New York. These border Union men do not support the
Government and Union by denouncing the Administration, opposing the war and
justifying the rebellion as Vallandigham, Seymour, Wood and company do. We
were surprised that so shrewd a politician as Seymour should fully identify
himself with Vallandigham as he has in his recent letter. It is well that the
lines are being clearly drawn and that would be neutrals are being driven to
array themselves for or against the government in this fearful crisis.
It is not surprising that copperheads fear the army, and that Seymour vetoed
the bill designed to prevent the disfranchisement of New York soldiers. All
opposers [sic] of the government North and South have reason to fear the Union
army. Southern rebels will be subdued or annihilated by their arms and Northern
sympathizers will be banished from political power by their votes.
The emancipation policy is rapidly gaining adherents among the leading men
of this State. The American and Commercial Advertiser, the most able and reliable
paper published in Baltimore takes strong ground in its favor.
Gov. Bradford is a decided and earnest emancipationist. The subject is being
freely and frankly discussed and there is no doubt that the policy will very
soon be adopted.
The patriotism of the North is about to endure its severest test in the execution
of the conscription. We are confident that it will prove sufficient for the
ordeal. The last hope of rebels is that it will waver before this trial.
Copperheads are doing all in their power to produce a state of public sentiment
that will resist the conscription. If they fail and the North stands firm now,
the end will begin. May God inspire the people with higher patriotism and firmer
G. DE LA MATYR.
DEMOCRAT & AMERICAN.
THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 28. .
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.
A Visit to the 8th New York Heavy Artillery, Colonel Porter.
Barnum's Hotel, Baltimore, May 23.
The intimation thrown out by the New York press a few days since, that "every
available soldier in and about Washington and Baltimore, would now soon be
ordered to the frontier to make good the losses sustained by the Army of the
Potomac, in the late battles on the Rappahannock and from other causes," has
led many an anxious one to make a flying visit to the
Monumental City or the city of Washington, as the case might be, where they
chanced to have brothers, sons, or other relatives in the army, before they
were ordered forward to the aid of Gen. Hooker.
Twas thus with your correspondent, who had more than one personal friend and
acquaintance in Col. Porter's regiment, now stationed at forts Federal Hill
and McHenry, near Baltimore. This regiment was raised last August in the 29th
Senatorial District of New York, and was then known as the 8th Heavy Artillery
of New York, and is commanded by the Hon. Peter A. Porter, of Niagara Falls.
He makes a fine appearance in uniform, and exhibits true military taste in
all his movements. Every way a gentleman himself,
Col. P. has sought to preserve and promote the respectability of every soldier
in his command, and right well the boys appreciate the fact that they have
a friend and a gentleman as well as a soldier for their commander. Col. Porter
is proud of his officers and men, and well he may be, for a finer looking set
of troops are not to be found.
Their general good health and entire contentment can best be judged of from
the fact that when the regiment was mustered into service last August, it numbered
999 men, all told; to day it has 937, having lost but forty-two from the original
number in nine months, and the present appearance of his troops is excellent.
Some recruits of course, have joined the regiment to make good the place of
some who, in the hurry to organize companies, were hardly fit for soldiers;
their places, however, are now filled with well selected troops.
The Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiments is Willard W., son of Captain Bates,
a well known farmer in the town of Kendall, Orleans county. Colonel Bates first
enlisted as a private in the old 13th in Captain Smith's company, in Rochester,
when Col. Quinby had charge of the regiment. This enterprising soldier, however,
quick rose to the rank of first lieutenant, and served in that capacity and
as Captain in General Martindale's Brigade, until they reached Harrison's Landing,
when Colonel B. was wounded in the thigh and borne from the field of battle,
when he last saw this brave young general at the head of his gallant brigade,
which he had nobly led through all those trying scenes from Hanover Court House,
where Gen. McClellan's and Gen. McDowell's pickets were less than seven miles
apart, until the Army of the Potomac was ordered home to the defence of Washington.
Young Bates is of fighting stock. His father held a captain's commission in
the war of 1812, and although relying on his son Willard to manage his farm
in his declining years, he freely gave him to his country when the Rebellion
first broke out.
Your correspondent will never forget the expression of manly indignation exhibited
by this officer at the idea that Gen. Martindale ever showed the white feather,
or exhibited a want of firmness, courage or patience, whilst encountering the
trials of the Peninsular campaign.
On the contrary, Col. B. speaks with manly pride of the many incidents of daring
and skill on the part of his old commander--one in particular, where of the
three hundred and eighty Union soldiers lost in one single encounter, three
hundred and fifty were from Gen. Martindale's brigade, when that accomplished
officer was in command, and by his strategy and the firmness of his troops
successfully resisted the shock of a determined and desperate attempt of the
enemy to break our line, by massing against it, at a given point, vastly superior
numbers. 'Tis thus the faithful officer and true soldier, that acts well his
part in the hour of trial, whether at the head of an entire army, or in command
of an important division, or in the ranks, will always find among his intelligent
companions in arms faithful witnesses of his courage whenever, wherever, or
by whomsoever assailed. Col. Bates enlisted for two years, and his time was
out last April, but he seems to have taken it for granted that he is to serve
during the war, for whilst home on furlough as a wounded soldier he was designated
as Lieut. Col. of the new regiment raised by Col. Porter last August, and has
never yet thought of inquiring whether his two years were out or not. Here
is a witness competent to give a sound opinion as to the courage and fighting
qualities of a General under whom he had the honor and the pleasure to serve
amid the most trying scenes of this war.
James M. Willet, Esq., of Batavia, and late District Attorney of Genesee county,
is Major of this regiment. He is now on detached duty at Fort McHenry, with
about one-half of the regiment, and is Judge Advocate of the various Courts
Martial held at this time-honored place. There is one in session there now
of which Col. Porter is the President. Major Willett is a fine looking officer
and is very popular with all who know him. Being a well read lawyer, and having
moreover some recent experience in the criminal courts, he is peculiarly qualified
for the important position he occupies in these military tribunals. A rebel
spy is now under sentence to be hanged on Friday next, and nothing will save
his neck but executive clemency. The execution is to take place at Fort McHenry,
where there are some regular soldiers, and, as we have before said, about one-half
of Col. Porter's regiment, with two or three companies of volunteers from other
E. L. Blake, Esq., is Adjutant of the regiment and a fine spirited young officer
he is. He was a banker in Lockport, but cheerfully volunteered to bear a part
in this new regiment, and makes a fine appearance on parade.
About one-half of these troops are at Fort Federal Hill, a new fort within
the very city, erected more particularly, as it would seem to a stranger, to
keep the peace in Baltimore, as the guns of this fort command every part of
that beautiful city. 'Tis on an eminence, and the plot of ground enclosed is
perfectly dry and shaded in the center by trees that were in full bloom when
this delightful spot was selected for the drilling of troops. A hydrant fount
within the square, adds much to the comfort of the soldiers, as an abundant
supply of fresh water runs there night and day.
All the defences of Baltimore are more especially under the control of Gen.
Morris, a veteran and fine looking soldier, who has held a commission for forty
years, and a graduate at West point, who if asked if he had any troops to spare,
would probably answer no, as those he has on hand are all now thoroughly organized
for the work they have to do at this important point. Still it is easy to see
the training of these troops here for the last nine months has prepared this
regiment for usefulness elsewhere. They are drilled for infantry as well as
artillery service. The troops look hearty and well, cheerful, contented and
The personal acquaintance of your correspondent lay more particularly with
the young men form the towns of Byron and Bergen, Genessee county, and belonging
to Company I, commanded by Capt. Gardner, a fine officer and a member of the
court martial in session at that place.
First Lieut. of this company--Mr. M. N. Cook, of South Byron--is a fine looking
officer, and has charge of the hospital guard at Patterson park, an important
institution where convalescent troops are sent from various hospitals, and
drilled according to their returning strength, until they are able to join
their several regiments. If a soldier takes a relapse, as is frequently the
case, he is placed immediately within one of the wards at this institution,
where every care is paid to his comfort--the rooms being neat, whitewashed,
ornamented with colored paper and everything which the eye rests upon, pleasant.
Every comfort is furnished here in abundance. A dozen of cows belonging to
the establishment furnish fresh milk and butter. The Park being situated on
the east side of Baltimore, the view from it in every direction is delightful,
and the soldier who cannot fully recover his health and spirits here, must
be broken down indeed. The hospital at this place is a new institution, but
the Park from which it takes its name, is called after the Patterson family,
some way connected with the Bonepartes. A cavalry regiment that quartered here
during the first few months of the was, spoiled its beauty to some extent,
yet the ground is elevated, furnishing a fine view of the bay and the city
in one direction, and the adjacent country in the other. Lieut. Cook had about
seventy soldiers on guard, several hundred convalescents being constantly on
hand--some coming in and others being sent off to their respective regiments,
wherever they may be, as soon as they are pronounced fit for fatigue duty.
This is a very popular institution, and is in some way connected with the Ladies
Relief Society, and acting in concert with it.
The Second Lieutenant, Mr. Stafford, a fine appearing officer, with a kind
heart, has charge of Co. I for the time being, as Captain, and the most perfect
good will seems to exist between him and the boys in the ranks. Although we
had the pleasure of meeting both Capt. Gardner and Lieut. Cook at their quarters
at Fort Federal Hill, where Co. I now is, and was pleased to hear them both
speak of the general good conduct of their men, we saw more of this company
on parade, under Lieut. Stafford, than any other officer, and the pride with
which the boys step into line and handle their muskets, show that their officers
have not neglected their duty, and proves that men may carry hearts in their
bosoms and still be good disciplinarians.
We must be pardoned for dwelling a little in detail here, for we recognize
among our personal acquaintances in this company, many a farmer's son who threw
down the cradle, the scythe, the rake, or pitchfork, last harvest, and shouldered
the musket when the cry for aid was heard throughout the Loyal States. The
affection with which these young men cling to each other and the respect they
bear toward their officers, from the highest to the lowest, proves that the
finer feelings of our nature may be cultivated in camp life. And as nothing
but a feeling of the loftiest patriotism, and a sense of duty to his country,
could lead a gentleman of wealth, leisure and refinement to place himself at
the head of a regiment, to share the common fate of a soldier in a war like
this, so nothing but the same patriotic impulses could have inspired those
young men who have left their homes to follow their officers to the perils
and glories of the field. Somewhat acclimated as these troops now are, accustomed
to the diet of a soldier, well and thoroughly drilled and equipped, led by
competent and enthusiastic officers, this regiment would soon learn to play
a successful part in an active campaign.
The officers and soldiers here are so much absorbed about local matters that
they manifest less concern about the affairs of the nation than they did before
they left home. I do not mean that they are indifferent as to the fate of the
nation, or of the general army. But the true soldier quickly learns to do what
he has on hand and to do that well, and the severe drilling both of artillery
and infantry, battalion drill, and target practice, keeps them all pretty busy,
and as the officers seldom talk politics, so the soldiers soon forget that
they belonged to this party or that, but all go in for the Stars and
Stripes, and cheer for the red, White and Blue.
A Looker On.
From the 8th Heavy.
BALTIMORE, June, 1863.
Friend H.:—Nothing of importance has transpired since my last letter.
The usual daily routine of soldier duties is our portion. We have guard duty
to perfom [sic] every other day. Guard duty here is divided into three sections
or departments, the interior, exterior, and provost, each department having
separate officers. When not on guard we have bayonet exercise before breakfast.—Artillery
drill from 10 o'clock til 12 M., and battallion [sic] drill and dress parade
in the afternoon; thus you see our time is quite fully occupied. At present
Fort McHenry is garrisoned by five companies of the 8th and two companies of
the 5th N. Y. Artillery, and one company of the 2d Regular Artillery. There
is also here a battery of light artillery from Penn. The remaining four companies
of the 8th are still garrisoning Federal Hill.
I frequently hear much dissatisfaction expressed by the "boys" at
the fate that compels them to remain here in comparative inactivity while other
regiments are sent to the front. They long to become active participants in
the struggle that is to decide whether the American government is a rope of
sand, or whether it is a consolidaded [sic] confederacy bound together by indissoluble
ties capable of withstanding the shock of any storm it may encounter, and impregnable,
alike, against the assaults of the foreign invader or the home traitor.
Yesterday I witnessed a soldier's funeral. The exercises appeared to me like
solemn mockery. Eight privates with their arms reversed marched at the head
of the procession, the band followed playing a dirge, and lastly the corpse
placed in a plain coffin, covered with the stars and stripes, borne by four
comrades. Arriving at the place of interment, after remarks were made by the
Chaplain, three volleys were fired over the grave, and all that was mortal
of the soldier deposited in the silent tomb, far away from home and friends.
As I stood a silent spectator of the scene, I saw in imagination that soldier's
home, the grief and sorrow, and silent tears that trickled down the cheeks
of relatives and friends, who while they sorrowed that their once united and
happy household should be broken, rejoiced that his life was given in defense
of his country's imperilled [sic] honor.
The mail carrier has just arrived and the order to "fall in for letters!" is
sounding through the camp. The boys crowd around the office, and it is interesting
to watch their countenances as they await the distribution of the mail. Nothing
affords the soldier more real pleasure than to receive letters and papers from
friends at home. Potent is their influence. Nothing tends more directly to
shield the soldier from the thousand temptations that environ him at every
step, than to know that he is remembered, his course anxiously watched, and
his hardships and self-denial appreciated by his friends at home. Let the friends
of soldiers write them often, and long and interesting, cheerful letters. They
will by so doing, lighten many burdens, revive pleasant memories, render hope
strong amid all the perplexities, dangers and adverse fortunes he may be called
to encounter. Very truly yours,
From the 8th N. Y. Artillery.
MARYLAND HEIGHTS, July 22d, 1863.
EDS. AMERICAN:—The 8th N. Y. Artillery left Baltimore the 10th of the
present month and came to this place. When we arrived things looked desolate,
as our forces had a short time before our arrival, evacuated the post and destroyed
the works and munitions of war collected here. We have been very busy since
our arrival in dragging Artillery and amunition [sic] up the mountain and placing
them in position. At the time of our arrival here it seemed probable that Lee's
army would attempt to pass through the valley on either side of us to cross
the Potomac. The Rebels also held Harper's Ferry and were very annoying, as
they kept up a continual fire on our pickets who were stationed along the river
banks. As soon as a few guns could be got in position on the Heights we sent
a few shell into the town, which caused them to skedaddle in double quick time.
The 50th Engineer Rgt. were on hand and soon had a pontoon bridge across the
river, and soon a whole division of Cavalry passed over to harass Lee's army
on their retreat. We have had the pleasure of seeing the "grand army of
the Potomac," as they encamped in the valley east of us a couple of days.
These "heroes of a hundred battles," are not clothed in broadcloth
and tinsel, but bear marks of active field service and though not always victorious,
their late acts prove that when properly led they are invincible. During their
close proximity to us I visited the camps of the different Corps and Divisions,
and very often saw faces that were familiar. The 151st Regt. now belongs to
the 3d Division 3d Army Corps, and of course we made a call on them. We found
them under shelter tents and in camp cooking their supper, all tired, for they
had a long march that day and it was very warm. They are browned by the Southern
sun and look rather gaunt from long marches and d__ rations but as they have
never been under fire we cannot speak of their courage. We have no fears of
their finding it, however, when a chance offers, to move on the enemy. All
have now gone over the river into Virginia to strike another blow at the rebellion.
Our Col. Has been acting Brigadier General since our arrival here, and the
command of the Regt. Has devolved on Lieut. Col. Bates who, like Col. Porter
is a universal favorite with the men. In fact all our officers “can’t
be beat.” We do not live in very grand style up here in our mountain
home, as we have to tents but such as the men have provided for themselves
out of old pieces of canvass they have picked up round deserted camps. Our
living consists chiefly of crackers, bacon and coffee. Each man cooks his rations,
and a pint cup is all the furniture many have, some have found old kettles
and pans and get along very well, but our cooking utensils have not been brought
up here. We have been promised some fresh beef in a day or two and also soft
bread, but we have seen none as yet. However no one grumbles, but would suffer
much hardship and privation if necessary in behalf of our common country. It
is not supposed that our Regt. will remain long in this place as we will be
needed in more important posts. The health of the Regt. is good as we have
the best water here on the mountains but have to carry it a long distance up
the hills. The mails begin to arrive regularly, and letters from home are welcome
guests. We are now destined for active service and have cast aside our holiday
equipments and should our service be needed in any capacity, we will be ready
and willing to do our duty. Should we move, or anything of interest transpire
I will inform you. It has been over a month since I have seen a copy of the
American and would be happy to receive a copy occasionally. All letters for
the Regiment should be directed to Baltimore, as they will be forwarded direct
Yours, &c., A. P. W.
BATAVIA, N. Y.
TUESDAY MORNING, JULY 14, 1863.
BALTIMORE, July, 7, 1863.
FRIEND WAITE:—Yesterday was a lively day in this city, all available
troops having been ordered to the front, but I am sorry to say our regiment
was not fortunate enough to be among them, as it was found absolutely necessary
to detain a small garrison here for each fort, and they have plenty of business
on hand just now, in looking after the rebel prisoners captured in the late
battles,--over four thousand having arrived at Fort McHenry during the past
two days, besides many wagon loads of wounded.
The forts here, at present are garrisoned as follows: Fort Marshall by two
companies of the 8th N. Y. Artillery, three companies of the 5th N. Y. Artillery,
and two companies of the 69th N. Y. Militia, all under command of Col. Porter,
of the 8th. Fort Federal Hill by two companies of the 8th N. Y. Artillery,
and eight companies of the 69th Militia, under command of Lieut. Col. Bates
of the 8th. Fort McHenry by five companies of the 8th, two companies of the
5th and company L, 2d U. S. Artillery.
A detachment of the 8th N. Y. Artillery, with a field howitzer, was ordered
to Frederick yesterday. Company "F" 8th N. Y. Artillery, Capt. HAWKINS,
has been for some time past at Harpers Ferry. On evacuating Maryland
Heights a few days since, while destroying a quantity of ammunition, an explosion
took place, in which Capt. Hawkins was severely injured, and his Orderly Sergeant
DAVID TILLAH, and private Plout were instantly killed. This company is now
with Gen. French.
You will observe by the above that our regiment is pretty well scattered, but
the fact that other regiments, older than ours, doing duty with us are commanded
by our officers, speaks well for the discipline and efficiency of our own.
Baltimore, during the past two weeks, has presented quite a lively appearance,
hundreds of contrabands having been constantly employed, night and day, in
throwing up entrenchments all around the city, and barricading all the principal
streets and approaches. The forts, too, have been put in good condition. We
mounted four 80 pounder rifled guns in this fort last week, and on the 4th
July tested their qualities of firing at a target about one mile distant and
succeeded in knocking a hole in it at the second shot.
We are all very anxious to go to the front, and Col. Porter has endeavored
to get our regiment off, but the powers that be say no, so we are compelled
to remain here for the present.
The regiment is enjoying excellent health at the present time.
LETTER FROM BALTIMORE.
FORT MCHENRY, Dec. 28th, 1863.
It has been some time since I have seen a communication in the columns of the
AMERICAN from this regiment. You are aware, probably, that we are still stationed
in this city, doing garrison duty. Sixteen months ago to-day, we marched into
Fort Federal Hill from Camp Belger and commenced doing garrison duty here.
All the companies of our regiment are stationed here at Fort McHenry now except
Co.'s D and F, they are at Federal Hill. This entire garrison is composed of
ten companies, viz.: Co. I, 2d artillery, U. S, Army; Co. D, 5th Artillery
N. Y. Vols., and companies A, B, C, E, G,, H, I and K of the 8th Artillery
N. Y. Vols. Col. Porter commands the post and Gen. Morris the brigade.
As a general thing the health of our regiment has been good ever since we came
into the service, although we have had several cases of small pox this winter.
Nearly all we have to do here is guard duty. We go on regularly once in three
days. The other two days we have to ourselves with the exception of dress parade
every afternoon at 4 P. M., and weekly and monthly inspection. We have good
quarters and plenty of rations. We have three separate guards, each commanded
by an officer detailed for that purpose. An officer, usually a Captain, is
detailed each day to act as officer of the day. His duty is to give the officers
of the guards their instructions and to visit each sentinel at least once after
12 o'clock to see that he is properly posted and instructed. The interior guard
is usually commanded by the senior officer besides those who act as officers
of the day. The members of the interior guard are posted in the sallyport,
on the parapet, and before the quarters of the brigade commander.
There are now three prisoners confined here under sentence of death. One of
them was sentenced to be shot and the other two to be hung. The exterior guard
is posted around on the sea shore and across the peninsula at the entrance
of the garrison. The provost guard has charge of the prisoners. It is usually
commanded by a sergeant detailed for that purpose. There are several hundred
prisoners here now both rebel and Union. Most of the Confederate prisoners
are officers. Religious services are held every Sabbath morning at 11 A. M.
at the chapel, the sermon being delivered by Mr. De LaMatyr or the post chaplain.
We also have a division of the Sons of Temperance here in good working order.
We were very sorry to hear of the casualties in the 151st N. Y. in the late
engagement at "Locust Grove." We cannot but acknowledge that we as
a regiment have been peculiarly favored since we came into the service.--
We do not know how long we shall be kept here for the defense of Baltimore,
but we are ready at any time to sling our knapsacks and shoulder our muskets
and march to the field of carnage. The war news is unimportant just now, but
the numerous victories which our armies have achieved during the past season
prove to me beyond a doubt that the days of the so-called
Confederate government are few.—It may be that they will make a show
of resistance several months yet, but it is a self-evident fact that it will
only be the last death throes of expiring treason. Our gallant army of the
west under the command of Gen. Grant, has done a great deal towards the putting
down of the rebellion. In my opinion, Gen. Grant has distinguished himself
emphatically as the greatest military chieftain of the present war. He has
already captured 90,000 prisoners and nearly 500 pieces of artillery.
It may be that many endearing family ties will have to be sundered and many
precious lives sacrificed before we shall again enjoy the blessings of peace,
but be that as it may, we know no peace but that which is purchased by the
sword, and we shall accept of no compromises except unconditional surrender.
As I gaze by the eye of faith into the dim and misty recesses of the future,
I think I see a time coming when the Angel of Peace shall again return and
spread her maternal wings over the whole of our glorious country from the rocky,
mountain cliffs of Oregon to the sunny shores of Florida. The time is coming
when the star-spangled banner, will again float in all its original grandeur
and beauty over every town and hamlet from one extremity of the Union to the
other. That long cherished institution, American Slavery, is destined to an
ignominious death on the altar of American liberty before the consummation
of this war.
Search the history of mankind from the earliest dawn down through the lapse
of ages to the present time, and among all its recorded proofs of inhumanity
and barbarism you will fail to find a system of oppression more disgraceful
and unworthy the character of a free and civilized people than the institution
of American Slavery. The ____ of military necessity is fast wearing the grave
clothes which will soon cover the remains of the death doomed institution.
Taking a wide range of vision, we cannot but look upon this war as an agent
in the hands of the Omnipotent Ruler to purge us of our
National sins, and to demonstrate the great and immutable truth that man is
eminently capable of governing himself. No more at present.
8th Artillery, N. Y. Vols.
NIAGARA FALLS GAZETTE.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, APR. 27, 1864.
LOCAL AND VICINITY NEWS.
The Baltimore Fair—8th Artillery.
We are indebted to Capt. H. H. Sheldon, 8th N. Y. Artillery, for a copy of
the Baltimore American giving an account of the inaugural ceremonies of the
Baltimore Fair. As one reads the account, and the speeches delivered on the
occasion, he naturally reverts to the scenes there enacted just three years
ago. What a change! Then brave Massachusetts soldiers hurrying to the defence
of the Capital against armed treason, were mobbed and killed in the streets
of Baltimore—now even negro regiments are cheered and praised when marching
through these same streets to fight against this same accursed rebellion. Then
Prisident [sic] Lincoln's life wouldn't have been worth a straw had he appeared
there in public—now he is welcomed with the greatest enthusiasm. The
people of Baltimore have seen and have learned a valuable lesson from passing
events, and have protfied [sic] therefrom—would to God that the whole
South might have as good opportunities and learn to profit as well!
Our own 8th Artillery seems to have taken a conspicuous part in the parade.
Col. Porter had command of the 2d Brigade, the 8th being under command of Lieut.
Col. Bates. Co. C.—the Engineer Corps of the Regt.—took the lead
with the splendid cornet band and drum corps of the Regt. We copy a portion
of the American's account:—
Eighth New York Artillery—Col Porter, who raised and commands this noble
regiment, being in command of the Brigade, the command devolved upon Lt. Col.
Bates. There were eleven companies in line, and they mustered about one thousand
muskets. The Eighth was followed by Battery H, of the 3d Pennsylvania, under
the command of Capt. Rand, the force consisting of 150 men, and six ten-pounder
Parrotts, each drawn by six horses. The left of the column was composed of
four platoons of the First Maryland Eastern Shore Veterans, whose appearance
on parade elicited many favorable remarks. When the line reached Broadway,
with the right resting at the intersection of Monument street, the grand review
took place, the General Commanding the Department with his Staff riding up
and down the line, after which the several commands passed in review before
him, the bands playing, according to an old day custom, "See, the Conquering
During the entire line of march, which was not less than three miles in length,
the troops were not only repeatedly cheered at the intersection of streets,
but from the windows of many residences ladies crowded all the available space,
waved their handkerchiefs, and displayed the National banters of the Union.
When the right of the column reached Broadway, the entire space from Monument
street to Eastern avenue was filled with people, and in some instances, the
military were absolutely compelled to yield a little to the crowds. This was
not in strict accordance with military discipline, yet, considering the circumstances,
no one could justly complain, the vast crowds evincing such an intense curiosity
to see the various military commands.
After the review, which must have been witnessed by at least thirty thousand
persons, the regiments, under the charge of their respective commanders, left
Broadway for their headquarters. General Wallace expressed gratification with
what he had seen. It was the subject of general remark that the 8th regiment
of New York Artillery come up very near to the standard of Regulars. They have
been stationed in and near Baltimore nearly one year, and made their first
dress parade yesterday.
Letter from Serg't Knowles.
We publish the following extract from a letter written by Sergt, W. Knowles,
of Co. A., 8th N. Y., to his wile, now in this village:
IN THE WOODS, ONE MILE FROM
May 20th, 1864.
I must address a few lines to you this afternoon to let you know that I am
still alive and well, but some of our poor boys are not so. I will give you
some particulars of yesterday's battle. At five o'clock we were drawn up in
line of battle, and ordered forward.—Then our trial commenced. We advanced
up a hill, and then descended to a piece of woods and commenced on the rebs.
For an hour it was hard telling how it would turn; but we advanced still further
and entered the woods, and there the lead flew like hail, It was now dark,
but we did not stop for that, although we fell back a little. Forming in line
again, we charged with a yell, which drove the rebels out of the woods across
an open field into their breastworks. It being` now
midnight, we fell back to the woods again and laid down to rest. But do not
imagine, my dear wife, that all this was done without the loss of life, when
such a shower was hurled against us. The saddest part is yet to be told. The
first one to fall in our company was John Furner, who was shot through the
head and fell dead. Corporal Danforth was wounded in both legs, one of which
I think will have to be amputated. Captain Starr and Edgar Miller where also
wounded. E. T. Faesel was hit in the head, and carried to the rear, but died
soon after. Other companies have lost some. Our regiment performed their part
well. I was standing near Captain Starr when he was struck. Lieut. Green then
took command of our company. Our officers did well and took things very cool.
We are in the 2d battalion, under command of Major Spaulding.
About two in the morning we got re-enforcements, and our regiment moved a little
to the right, taking a strong position, as we expected to go in again this
morning. We slept a little, but was very cold, having thrown away all unnecessary
clothing. Well, we were awakened by a cannon from our side shelling the woods,
to see where the enemy were, but none could be found. We threw out skirmishers
and found they had crossed the Po river, four miles away. We saw many poor
fellows lying dead upon the ground. We took a number of prisoners among which
was one wounded Reb, who said that he had shot at Colonel Porter three times;
and that he (the Rebel) could have died happy if he had only killed him. He
had been a prisoner at Fort McHenry and knew the Colonel.
LATER FROM THE 8th ARTILL'RY
Also from the 164th.
List of Killed, Wounded & Missing.
COLD HARBOR BATTLE-FIELD,
June 4, 1864.
DEAR SIR: It is my duty to inform, through your paper, our many friends in
Niagara county of the dreadful slaughter in our regiment.
We reached this place by a "flank movement" from Prospect Hill on
the morning of the 2d inst. We took position in a line of rifle-pits about
half a mile from the rebel works before us.
Our line of rifle-pits occupied by our forces extended about midway between
us and the rebel lines on our right. We lay in our position until 5 o'clock,
A. M., when we were ordered to charge the rebel lines. Our brave boys sprang
over their breastworks, and at double-quick, with good lines, steadily proceeded
over the long space between us and the enemy's lines.
I shall attempt no detailed account of the charge, but suffice it to say that
we were repulsed with heavy loss.
Colonel Porter is missing, and reported killed; but as long as there is a doubt
there is hope.
Major Willet is wounded in the right shoulder. Capt. Hawkins shot in the right
breast; a severe wound.
But I think my company lost most.—Lieut. Low has a flesh wound in right
thigh. Lieutenant Nichols slight wound in right arm. *Lieut. Brown received
four severe wounds, and owing to the rebel fire, could not be got off the ground
till near midnight, when he was just alive. Lieut. Pitcher, light arm badly
wounded, and ball through right leg.
Sergt. Robb, dangerously wounded head; do Fellows, severely do, leg; do, Peterson,
missing; do Cornell, do; Corp'l Saddleson, do; do Taylor d o ; do Root, do;
do Furman, severely wounded, leg; do Fuller, do do; do Harwood, do do; do Jondson,
dangerously, breast; do Gifford, severely, arm and leg; do G. H. Fellows, slight,
foot; Private Ball, severely, foot; do L. H. Bennett, severely, side; do Billings,
slight, leg; do Barnes, dangerous, breast; do Blake, severely, shoulder; do
Christigan, severely, 3 wounds; do N Coe, severely, arm; do E Coe, slight,
band; do B Coe, severely, leg; do G Drake, dangerous, head; do W Dutton, severely,
leg; do W H Gleason, severely, arm; do W Harwood, slight, leg; do J Howell,
severe, hip; do H Johnson, severe arm; do F Knenger, severe, head; do A Mahon,
dangerous, chest; do A Mehwaldt, slight, leg; do T Meyers, dangerous, side;
do A McCoy, do do; do J Nafe, slight, head; do W S Pike, severe, leg; do W
Rogers, do do; do R Russell, do do; do C Sherman, do do; do M L Swift, do d
o ; do C U Thornton, slight, hand; do W Thompson, do do; do do E Van, severe,
leg; do A Warden, slight; do J Walker, severe, l e g ; do S White, do, hip;
do H L Weston, dangerous [sic], body; do A Stein, missing; do J Brewer, do;
do J Bowman, do; do A Bishop, do; do G W Day, do; do W Elton, do; do D S Howe,
do; do W Hall, do; do W Ireland, do; do G W Johnson, dead; do J Jacobs, missing;
do A Lapworth, do; do J Layland, do; do F E Morrison, do; do C Mehwaldt, do;
do G Maynard, do; do W Praker, do; do L G Pettit, do; do C C Romer, do; do
B J Rose, do; do M W. Stiles, do; do J Senn, do; do J Starrow, do; do W Vanduser,
do; do W Watson, d o ; do E Wilcox, dead; do J Walden, missing.
All whose names do not appear in the above list are safe.
The field where the most of the men fell is within from one to twenty rods
of the rebel lines and covered by their guns, and it was under cover of the
night that our men succeeded in getting off any of the wounded, and once on
being discovered by the rebels they opened a furious fire of musketry and canister
upon us which continued for half an hour. During this fire Capt. Gardner, Co.
I, was killed, and Lieut. Cook, wounded.
Some of the missing may be safe, but I greatly fear nearly all are killed.
They were only too brave, and charged into a fire that older regiments could
not be forced into. My men melted away around me, till, with the exception
of the Adjutant of our battalion [sic], who was wounded, but bravely struggling
on, not a man was standing within the length of the lines of my company.
I cannot speak of the other companies, but the loss in killed, wounded and
missing is between 500 and 600 in the Regiment.
All night we toiled stealing our wounded from the field. I cannot express the
sadness of the few of us who escaped harm, and left to tell the dreadful tale.
J. B. BAKER,
Captain 8th N. Y. V. A.
* Since died.
On the Battle Field at Cold Harbor,
Near Gaines Mill, Va., June 4.
J. R. ST. JOHN:—It is with a sad heart I send you these few lines, to
inform you of the battle of yesterday, and to give you the names of the wounded
and missing in our company. Our whole line of battle advanced and charged the
enemy's works at 4 1/2 o'clock. a. m. We drove in their skirmishers, and advanced
on them, in their works, their musketry and Artillery doing fearful work among
us all the while. We fought them for three hours. After driving them about
a mile we stopped and threw up a new line of works, being under their fire,
and supported by our Batteries, sharp-shooters, and skirmishers we continued
to work in this manner all day until 9 o'clock p. m., when the enemy made a
charge on us in our entrenchments but they were repulsed handsomely, with great
loss and suffering no loss on our part. They repeated the charge and were again
driven back in confusion. In this charge we captured several prisoners. Everything
is quiet along the lines except now and then a little firing between the pickets.
We do not know of any of the men of our company being killed, as we have not
been able to get our dead off the field yet. I must tell you of a brave act
of Corp. John Dunigan, who jumped over the enemy's breast-works and captured
2 prisoners, and took them to headquarters. Surely this is a bold adventure
and should be rewarded. Col. McMahon is wounded and in the hands of the enemy.
It is supposed Captain Moloney and Lt. Boyle are prisoners. The 8th New York
Volunteer Heavy Artillery, under Col. Porter, on our right, suffered severely
also. Colonel Porter is killed, Captain Hawkins mortally and Lt. Sully is severely
wounded. This is all I can tell you at present. Our Regiment lost 175 men and
11 officers. The men fought splendidly and bravely.
Too much cannot be said in praise of Col. McMahon, who led up his Zouaves in
line of battle in a manner that could not be surpassed, Capt. Moroney and Lt.
Boyle also deserve the highest praise for their coolness and gallantry on this
occasion, I hope they are safe. I got struck in the groin with a piece of Rail
Road Iron which knocked me down, but it only stunned me for a little while,
as I am all right, thank God.
Please tell my folks and I would like to have the names of the boys published
in the Lockport papers so as their friends will know what has happened to them.
Excuse writing as I am so fatigued I can hardly write. The following are the
names of Co. C, who are wounded and missing:
Wounded—Sergt. M. J. Doolan, slightly, Corpl. D. Casey, in foot, privates,
J. Ellard, both arms, J. Elliott, abdomen, P. Hyland, shoulder, D. McGrath,
leg, J. Steele, in arm.
Missing—Capt. Moroney, Lt. Boyle, Sergt's Buckley and McGrath, Corpl's
Williams, Connolly and Tracy, Privates, Bradley, Burnes, Byrne, Fox, Finnegan,
Haggerty, Hart, Hickey, Kane, Gesmonaghaw, J. Meagher, T. Meagher, Madigan,
McGee, McGuigan, McGrath, O'Neil, Roche, Roridan,
Farewell for the present, the enemy are coming upon us, we have got to go to
2d Lt. Co. B, 164th Regiment.
From the Times' lists of killed, wounded and died in hospitals, we take the
following names, which have a local interest, being from Western New York
CASUALTIES JUNE 3D.
8th New York Artillery—Andrew Vusber, D, abdomen; N Mobee, E, leg; A
Hathaway, A, head; Lieut Baldwin, D, shoulder; E H Rich, L, head; G Metzlor,
C, abdomen; A Salt, F, arm, E Bates, F, finger; C A Green, D, foot; A Gryan,
L, head; G L Culp; W E Watson, B, thigh; B F McHenry, I, neck; G Cochrane,
G, wrist; J Souerbbeck, A, foot; R E Benton, A, face; A G Green, B, wrist;
J Dickson, F, hand; E H Noble, G, leg; N J Eaton, B, elbow; N Graham,B, hip;
J D Birdsell, F, thigh; A C Tuttle, A, head; S Davis, A, shoulder; G S Ricks,
A, chin; A K Dawson, I, leg; J Aglee, B, back; M Local, M, hand; W Kealer,
M, shoulder; C M Goodman, I, toes; J Clark, G, shoulder; J S Flandrum, A, breast;
D McMartin, I, toes; P Clarson, G, hip; C Miller, L, leg; G Rose, L, mouth;
A McCormick, K, leg; E Owen, E, mouth; J Ryan, foot; R B Robinson, M, head;
A Green, B, foot; A B Tompkins, C, side; C A Howland, I, back; D C Wickham,
A, arm; Sergt C D Bean, thigh; Lt M S Totten, L, shoulder; M B Stevens, L,
abdomen; Jas Donahue, E, head; Lieut R Glaco, F, head; F Barnes, F, leg; W
Reagles, E, shoulder; P Meisig, B, back; J B Temple, A, leg; G Mann, A, mouth;
A Gayland, C, Breast; G W Herrick, C, thigh; Sergt L Williams, arm; Columbus
Bailey, B, leg; Geo Stewart, D, hand; A R Rect, hand; J French, K, leg; J R
Perry, I, head; I R Hardwick, F, thigh.
108th—E Haywood, arm; G Lischer, A, arm.
111th—L Sherman, I, Shoulder.
104th J Quinlin, G, back; D Boyle, F, elbow: F Johnson, C, side and arm; Adjt
Beatty, head; D Sullivan, H, foot; E Devine, F, breast.
86th—L Burgess, C, chest.
154th N. Y.—J Berrigen, F, knee.
21st N. Y. Cavalry.—C. Hart, mouth; M E Meyers, A, forearm.
4th N. Y. Artillery.—H Erchart, H, thighs; J Fleming, B, leg.
The following names from local regiments are included in the deaths in hospital,
June 22d and 23d.
8th N. Y. Artillery.—Lt Col W W Bates, abdomen; J C Labin, C; J Carpenter,
L; A Kendall, I, finger; Lieut Vandake, L, shoulder; Lieut M L Totten, L, shoulder;
A Herstberg, E; Lieut G W Rector, F, side; C Geohner, L, leg; E Reed, L, back;
D O Conner, L, groin; J F Bocker, C, hand; Sergt C C Richardson, F, thigh,
Edward Peckham, F, thigh; C H Quade, F, foot; O
Drinkwalt, F, toe.
104th.—J Crimmins, H; J Croom, F, abdomen.
4th Heavy Artillery.—E S Pease, H, thumb; Dan Edwards, E, foot.
111th.—A P Colum, G; Capt J M Gottin, knee; H C Crocker, K, neck; G H
Remington, B, back; S A Perkins, A, leg; C Perkins, C, arm; D Covett, hand;
G F Reynolds, B, arm, stomach; Lieut Fred Parestall, back; S E Hope, B, hand.
126th—Geo Rose, D, leg; L Weaver, B, knee; S C Lott, B, foot; J P Yakey,
I, shoulder; P Blaisdell, H, toe; Corp W Demorest, G, hip; Sergt Maj M H Hopper,
We publish the above list of deaths as it is given in the Times, though we
hope and believe that there is a mistake in the Times' list, and many if not
most of those published as died in hospital are merely casualties, especially
where the nature of the wound is stated. It will be noticed that in the list
of reported deaths mentioned above, is the name of Lieut. Col. W. W. Bates,
of the 8th artillery, wounded in the abdomen. Col. Bates was from Kendall,
Orleans county, and was one of the members of the old 13th. The regiment was
recruited mainly from Orleans and Niagara counties. It has suffered heavily
thus far in all the hard fighting during the spring and summer campaign. [
List of Casualties to June 3d.
The Herald publishes a long list of casualties in t h e various army corps
up to June 3d. We find a large number from local regiments and parts of regiments
which we copy below:
8TH HEAVY ARTILLERY.
Adison Kimball, arm; Chas Miller, C, abdomen; L Spender, C, abdomen; A Case.
C, thigh; W Stoppliff, D, foot; Jesse A Olmstead, I, thigh; Frank Fellows,
B, leg; E Coles, B, leg; Lieut. Jas. Low, B, thigh; O White, B, groin; M P
Randall, I, arm; W Thompson, B, groin; F W Barnns, B, breast; J Hicks, H, breast;
P Dodge, G, foot; Lieut T Mayberry, C, arm; L C Harwood, H, leg; W J Bennett,
F, hand; W H Stanley, C, foot; W Wambold, C, head; F Boyd, E, neck; G Gordonier,
M, foot; W H Joselyn, H, hand; A Ward, M, foot; S H Brown, H, thigh; C G Allen,
G, shoulder; Lt F S Brown, killed;____ Thomas, H, shoulder; C E Hathaway, M,
ankle; J Copp, M, forearm; W Burrows, D, shoulder; T Greenman, D, foot; W Brown,
G, foot; James Carroll, M, leg; Sylvester Hoyt, I, thigh; W Hardy, A, eye;
A Drinkwater, F, hand; J Crouth, M, forearm; Sergt P Weeks, E, hand; S Wells,
C, side; H Rappalgc, E, leg; B E Cole, B, hand; H Clapp, M, hip; J Higgins,
D, arm; C Sherman, B, forearm; N Noye, I, shoulder; H F Church, I, leg; O Blake,
A, shoulder; B Burrows, B, shoulder; J H Moore, D, leg; Jas Leighbody, H, side,
G Crampton, D, wrist; H Blood, I, hip; J Theodare, M, back; P H Shapt, E, heel;
A Mahneit, B, thigh; H Billings, B, thigh; A Mabel, B, breast; James Hall,
H, leg; W R Curtis, K, leg; Eugene C Fuller, H, thigh; T Krober, H, foot; W
H Downing, D, foot; Corp G Chase, D, head; Chas Schetts, M, shoulder; E Tibbetts,
H, arm; J P Cummings, E, head; J A Olmstead, F, thigh; F Brahma, K, forearm;
W Perkins, I, head; T Topliff, I, foot; M Murphy, D, shoulder; George Follett,
Company K, wrist; Lieut S Webster, D, face; C Delloe, K, thigh; Lieut A Chase,
D, thigh; Lieut A Weiner, H, thigh; D Mills, E, shoulder; Lieut J N Robinson,
H, arm; R Priest, C, head; Lieut D S Pitcher, B, forearm; J Warner, H, leg;
P A Flaherty, A, shoulder; Lieut M N Cook, I, head; J E Young, I, groin; A.
J. Halleck, K, thigh; E M Kline, I, hip; T Anthony, H, leg; N Canfield, F,
foot; Daniel Fenner, H, ankle; E Vann, B, forearm; H Fordham, I, thigh; W Shaw,
K, leg; G C Thompson, B, hand; W Torpy, A, arm; H Harding, C, arm; A Olds,
F, hip; Lt A S Sully, F, knee; Stephen Judd, M, foot; D M Jones, M, foot; John
Caselton, B, foot; E W Henderson, I, thigh; J H Curtis, I, thigh; A G McCoy,
B, forearm and side ; N F Bowen, G, foot; D Lapphear, H, leg; W H Day, M, jaw;
E F Smith, E, arm; John Davis, A, hip; Corp A W Hoag, K, forearm; R Aggas,
K, thigh; C K Gilford, B, forearm; E Wilcox, B, abdomen; L N Blanchard, K,
shoulder; W Strasburg, F, leg; Joseph Merritt, F, breast; H P Sterns, E, hip;
S Gordon, F, heel; M Sutphen, F, leg; H Weeks, C, thumb; R Corcoran, C, head;
A Reigle, F, finger; W Stringher, C, shoulder; Serg't H D Lathrop, F, arm;
D Fenner, H, arm; J Vanaster, K, thigh; John Lesson, D, shoulder; M Gregory,
D, breast; W Nichols, M, foot; R A Cochran, C, hand; P McCumber, C, forearm;
W H Luther, C, l e g ; A M Travers, M, arm; S G Ridgeway, C, leg.
FOURTEENTH HEAVY ARTILLERY.
Lieut Bently, mortally, (since dead); Miron Bryan, I, left leg; Chas Brummell,
I, left leg; Ant Frick, C, right thigh; Corp E Harlings, F, left arm; A Siegearst,
C, left arm; Geo Hill, D, right arm; Serg't P Blake, L, left leg; F Laney,
C, right thigh; F Delosh, C, left lung; J Cobert, L, right eye, slightly;
Corp'l P O'Brien, C, left thigh; S Barney, I, right leg; Serg't Major M Sullivan,
body; D P Barbour, K, left arm; D Barr, K, scalp; P Munch, F, right forearm;
A Grant, A, left lung; Corp D Wardell, A, left leg; J H Green, E, right thigh;
R F Talman, K, right arm; Serg't C H Lovell, D, right arm;
W H Jones, C, left thigh; G W Elmore, A, right hand; A J Dupee, I, right foot;
A Scovill, K, right elbow; J P Seasport, J, arm and thigh; A Brintwell, B,
left arm; A Clark, K, head; Lorin Taintor, L, left leg; M B Collins, C, left
hand; P L Dallas, I, left foot; A B Lewis, I, left hand; M Cunningham, I, left
arm; C D Miller, I, right thigh; Wm Golden, H, foot; T P Grafford, I, wrist
and thigh; Benj Chapman, L, body; Serg't Horace Bailey, D, body.
ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTH.
F Raubodon, K, hip; J Plunkett, G, arm; J Shepler, B, arm; Serg't Geo. Rice,
I, face; J K P Taylor, A, shoulder; S J Robbins, A, arm Serg't C Frangott,
140th—J Clark, I, wound not stated; Charles Alexander, E, C Sckuffoneher,
K, mouth; J Roby, C.
104th—C. Brown, K, arm; D Bailey, F, arm; J Gassoy, F, foot; J Harlacher,
C, thigh; P. Corcoran, H, foot; J Gallagher, G, arm; H Conrad, A, foot; R Gile,
4th Heavy Artillery.—H Marsden, G, hand; T Beatty, I, ankle.
148th.—Serg't M Sloughtenburg, C, arm; Thomas Rapaljc, B, fingers; John
Parks, A, side.
94th—J H Burns, H, head; W H Davis, I, face; M Coughlin; H, knee; W Salisbury,
9th Heavy Artillery.—A S Jones, E, back.
1st Artillery.—J O'Hara, arm.
Casualties in the 8th N. Y. Artillery.
We chronicle with a sad heart the casualities [sic] in the gallant 8th N. Y.,
copied from the Herald and from other sourses [sic]. L. C. Harwood, Co. B,
reported wounded, was for a long time in the Journal office, and was there
esteemed as a first rate compositor and a very worthy young man. We trust
that "Lyman" may soon recover.
A. C. McCoy of the same company reported wounded in the fore arm and side,
has since died. He is the only brother of W. H. McCoy of this village. Less
than a year since Mr. McCoy followed his younger brother to the grave, who
was a member of the 19th N. Y. Battery, and died in the hospital at Washington.
Mr. McCoy received a telegram yesterday that his brother's body was at Alexander.
From the Herald's correspondence we take the following names of killed and
wounded in the battles in Virginia:
8TH NEW YORK ARTILLERY.
W R Curtis, K, leg; Geo C Fuller, B, thigh; Fred Kerobe, B, foot; W H Denning,
D, foot; Geo Chase, D, head; Chas Shefts, M, shoulder; Ed Tibbetts, H, arm;
J R Biddleman, D, groin; D S Wisner, D, Head; Jesse A Olmsted, I, thigh; Addison
Kimball, — arm; Charles Miller, C, abdomen; L Spencer, C, ____; Jas Hall,
H, leg; C W Rodgers, F, leg; H L Smith, D, leg; A Sann, __, hand; A F Coleman,
F, face; R E Storer, K, back; James Wrish, F, side; Andrew F Stamp, F, ankle;
D Stewart, C, back; P. Cornell, K, groin; Benj, Myers, F, arm; F Hummell, C,
side; Wm Hodge, C, foot; M A Coe, B, arm; L S Shaeffer, D, leg; E Sanderson,
C, thigh; C Brut, C, hip; Wm Porh, F, leg; Wm Bonett, C, head, H L Weston,
B, shoulder; T Boyd, E, ankle; W H Smith, ___, hand; Joseph Wilcox, D, both
legs; Charles Jackson, B, arm; A Case, C, thigh; E Penoyer, D, foot; W H Jacobs,
E, elbow; Frank Fellows, B, leg; E Coles, B, leg; Lieut Jas Lowe, B, thigh;
O White, B, side; N P Randall, I, arm; W Thompson, B, groin; F W Barnes, B,
breast; J. Hicks, H,
breast; P Hodge, G, foot; T Mayberry, C, arm; L C Harwood, B, leg; W J Bender,
F, hand; W H Stanley, C, foot; W Wambold, C, head; F Boyd, E, neck; G Gordonier,
M, foot; W D Josleyn, H, hand; A Ward, M, foot; S H Brown, H, thigh; C G Allen,
C, shoulder; C G Seymour, A, arm; And Long, B, hand; S M Berry, A, foot: Jas
W Wood, H, ankle; Geo Thomas, H, shoulder; Lieut F S Brown, __, killed; Chas
E Hathaway, M, killed; __ Thomas, H, shoulder; W Burroughs, D, shoulder; W
Binn, G, foot; Theo Greenman, D, foot; Jas Carroll, N, leg; C E Wood, M, thigh;
A Drinkwater, F, hand; W Hardy, A, Eye; J Crouth, M, arm; J M Bailey, F, arm;
Serg P Week, E, hand; L Snell, C, side; H Rappleyea, E, Leg; E B Cole, B, Finger;
H Clapp, M, hip; J Higgins, D, arm; C Sherman, B, forearm; M Noye, I, shoulder;
H F Church, I, leg; C Blake, B, shoulder; B Burrows, B, shoulder; J H Moore,
D, leg; Jas Leighbody, H, side; G Crampton, D, wrist; H Blond, I, hip; __ Theodore,
M, back; P H Shaft, E, heel; A Mahwalt, H, thigh; H M Billings, B, thigh; A
Mabor, B, breast; Jas Heal, H, leg; W R Curtis, K, thigh; T Krober, B, foot;
W H Downing, D, foot; Corp D Chase, D, head; C.
Schelts, M, shoulder; Edward Tibbett, H, arm; F Bahma, K, forearm; W Perkins,
I, hand; T Topliff, I, foot; M Murphy, D, shoulder; G Follet, K, wrist; Lieut
S Webster, D, face; C Delloe, K, thigh; Lieut A Chase, D, thigh; Lieut A Weiner,
H, thigh; D Mills, E, shoulder; Lieut D S Pitcher, B, forearm; J Warner, H,
leg; P A Flaherty, A, shoulder; Lieut M N Cook, I, head; J E Young, I, groin;
A J Halleck, K thigh; E M Kline, I, hip; T Anthony, H, leg; N Carfield, F,
foot; Dan Fenner, H, ankle; E Bann, B, forearm; H Fordham, I, thigh; W Shaw,
K, leg; C Thornton, B, hand; W Torpy, A, leg; A Olds, F, hip; H Harding, C,
arm; A S Sully, F, knee; Stephen Judd, M, foot; D M Jones, M, foot; John Castleton,
B, foot; E W Henderson, I, thigh; J Curtis, I, thigh; A C McCoy, B, forearm
and side; D. Jones, M, foot; D Lamphear, H, leg; W H Day, M, jaw; E F Smith,
E, arm; John Davis, A, hip; J T Cummings, E, thigh; Corp. A W Hoag, K, forearm;
R Agges, K, thigh; C K Gifford, B, forearm; E Wilcox, B, abdomen; L M Blanchard,
K, shoulder; W Strasburg, F, leg; James Merritt, F, breast; H P Stevens, E,
hip; S Gordon, F, heel; M Sutton, H, leg; H Weeks, C, thumb; R Corcoran, C,
head; A Reighe, F, finger; W Shingler, C, shoulder; Serg’t H D Lathrop,
F, arm; J VanAsten, K, thigh; John Leason, B, shoulder; M Gregory, D, breast;
W Nichols, M, foot; R A Cochrane, C, head; T McCumber, C, forearm; W H Luther,
C, leg; A M Travers, M, arm.
Second New York Mounted Rifles.
Thos. Avery, H, right arm; Geo B Weber, C, left arm; D F Cline, E, right sholder
[sic]; J Horner, E, right arm and side; P McNemay, K, left sholder [sic];
Aarnn Seres, I, right arm; J Bunchell, F, left sholder [sic]; F Bbrooks,
I, left side neck; T Howard, C, left hand; R Chichester, K, right sholder
[sic]; Sergt Geo Woods, I, neck; Corpl C B Sullivan, I, left thigh; Lieut
C W Flagler, C, left thigh; A A Preston, C, right knee; F P Humbert, D, (since
dead); N L Knox, C, ankle; Daniel O'Connel, C, body; Patrick Drauh, C, thigh;
David C, groin; J Fladd, C, scalp; J A Johnson, B, left elbow; A A Simmons,
C, left thigh; Thos Haley, C, left arm; Corp C F Bates, C, left arm; Corp
S Williams, C, left hand;— A Whitehead, F, thigh; J P Gibson, I, abdomen,
J H Sieger, I, knee; Jas Cran___, L, right thigh; N J Campell, E, right hand;
Geo Wart, G, body; W O Sprague, A left shoulder; Adjt. R L Hill, right forearm;
Jas Whaley, D, right hip; Sergt J H Oswald, M, left hip; Nelson Cutterbach,
L, hand; L Crowley, H, right leg; Corp __ Cummings, H, right leg; F J Brown,
A, thigh; S Snow, M, right hand; F Beebe, L, left hand.
CASUALTIES IN THE LATE BATTLES.—The Union gives the following as the
casualties in our Regiments of the 2d division 2d corps before Petersburg on
June 21st, 22d and 23d.
108TH N. Y. —Lt. W. F. Dutton, D, back; J. Cadurey, G, leg; P. Haywood,
arm; J. Lischer, A, arm.
8TH N. Y. ARTILLERY.--A. J. Drak, L, foot; E. F. Ives, L, foot; Geo. Stewart,
D, head; A. D. Keet, D, hand; T. R. Hardwick, E, thigh; D. C. Wickham, D, arm;
Serg't C. D. Beam, E, thigh; F. Gleesor, G, hip; A. Mc- Cormick, G, leg; Geo.
Rose, L, side; W. M. Cones, H, shoulder; A. B. Tompkins, C, side; C. O. Howland,
L, back; C. Miller, L; leg; Lt. Van Dake, L, shoulder; Lt. Totten, L; E. Reed,
K, back; D. O'Connor, L, groin; W. Kaler, M, shoulder; M. Logan, M, hand; E.
Owen, (colored) E, face; I. Ryan, C, foot; P. B. Robinson, M, head; A. Green,
B, foot; I. Clark, G, shoulder; I. S. Flandrew, A, breast; D. McMartin, I,
toes; I. Cochrane, G, wrist; I. Squirbock, A, foot; E. E. Burton, A, face;
I. B. Temple, A, leg; J. Dickinson, F, hand; E. H. Noble, G, leg; N. J. Eaton,
H, elbow; C. Graham; H, hip; I. D. Birdsell, F, thigh; H. C. Tuttle, A, head;
Q. Davis, A, shoulder; C. S. Ricks, A, chin; A. Gayland, B, breast; I. Agle,
B, back; Serg't L. Williams, G, arm;
Lt. G. W. Rector, F, leg; A. Hathaway, A, head; Lt. Baldwin, E, shoulder; S.
Metzler, G, abdomen; D. McDermott, G, leg; A. Taft, G, arm; E. Bates, F, finger;
C. A. Green, D, foot; Jas. Donaghue, E, head; Lt. I. R. Glass, F, head; F.
Barnes, E, leg; A. Gryan, I, head; G. S. Kulp, K, hand; W. E. Watson, B, thigh;
P. Mersey, A, back.
4TH N. Y. ARTILLERY.—H. Erchart, K, thigh; J. Fleming, B, leg.
21ST CAVALRY.—M. E. Meyers, A, forearm.
104TH N. Y.—I. Quinlan, G.
Some of these names may have been already published in the DEMOCRAT,
CASUALTIES IN THE LATE BATTLES.—The following are the casualties in our
Regiments of the 2d division 2d corps before Petersburg on
June 21st, 22d, and 23.
8TH N. Y. ARTILLERY.—A. J. Drak, L, foot; E. F. Ives, L, foot; Geo. Stewart,
D, head; A. D. Reet, D, hand; T. R. Hardwick, E, thigh; D. C. Wickham, D, arm;
Serg't. C. D. Beam, E, thigh;F. Gleesor, G, hip; A. McCormick, G, leg; Geo.
Rose, L, side; W. M. Cones, H, shoulder; A. B. Tompkins, C, side; C. O. Howland,
L, back; C. Miller, L, leg; Lt. Van Dyke, L, shoulder; Lt. Totten, L; E. Reed,
K, back; D. O'Connor, L, groin; W. Kaler, M, shoulder; M. Logan, M, hand; E.
Owen, (colored) E, face; I. Ryan, C, foot: P. B. Robinson, M, head; A. Green,
B, foot; I. Clark, G. shoulder; I. S. Flandrew, A, breast; D. McMartin, I,
toes; I. Cochrane, G, wrist; I. Squirbock, A, foot; R. E. Burton, A, face;
I. B. Temple, A, leg; J Dickinson, F, hand; E. H. Noble, G, leg; N. J. Eaton,
H, elbow; C. Graham, H, hip; I. D. Birdsell, F, thigh; H. C. Tuttle, A, head;
Q. Davis, A, shoulder; C. S. Ricks, A, chin; A. Gayland, B, breast; I, Agle,
B, back; Serg't L. Williams, G, arm; Lt. G. W. Rector, F, leg; A. Hathaway,
A, head; Lt. Baldwin, E, shoulder; S. Metzler, G, abdomen; D. McDermott, G,
leg; A. Taft, G, arm; E. Bates, F, finger; C. A. Green, D, foot; Jas. Donaghue,
E, head; Lt. L. E. Glass, F, head; F. Barnes, E, leg; A. Gryan, I, head; G.
S. Kulp, K, hand; W. E. Watson, B, thigh; P. Mersey, A, back.
FROM THE 8th N. Y. ARTILLERY.
Correspondence of the Republican Advocate.
HEAD QUARTERS 8th N. Y. Art.,
Before Petersburg, Va., June 23, 1864.
FRIEND WAITE:--Knowing how anxious the friends of this Regiment at home are
to learn of our casualties, I have prepared a list, which is nearly complete,
from June 16th to June 23d. Quite a large per cent. of the wounded have since
died, owing to the intense heat we are now suffering here, which not only operates
badly upon the wounded, but men fall in the ranks every day and die from sheer
exhaustion. We marched about five miles yesterday during the heat of the day,
the dust flying so thick you could scarcely recognize the next man to you,
and it is reported this morning that six of our men died from sunstroke. Thus
we are rapidly dwindling away; out of the 1600 men we reported present six
weeks ago, only 604 are reported for duty this morning. Of this number only
18 officers are left of the 65 that left Baltimore with us on the 15th of May.
Several Companies have no officers at all.
Commissions for Col. W. W. Bates, Lt. Col. James M. Willett, and Major J.
B. Baker were received here yesterday. Alas, Col. Bates commission did came
too late; he did not live to see it. His loss to the Regiment is most severely
felt. He was beloved by every man in the Regiment. A braver soldier never died
for his country. He was too brave. No matter how great the danger he was always
foremost, and his commands were always "come on boys, follow me," and
not "go on."
The 2d Corps has been reorganized. The 2d Brigade was disbanded, and the 4th
changed to the 2d.
As a great many letters are sent here that never reach the person intended
for, I would suggest that friends writing to us address as follows:
Be particular to put on the Letter of the Company.
W. S. _____,
Co. ___ 82th N. Y. Art’y,
2d Brig., 2d Div., 2d Corps,
List of casualties of the 8th N. Y. Art'y before Petersburg, Va., from June
10t to June 23d, 1864:
Lieut. Col. W. W. Bates.
Maj. E L. Blake.
Lieut. W. P. Wright, C. G.
W. H. Taylor, S. Ashby, jr.
T. M. Nye, W. McGregor.
G. Sincel, D. Lacy,
M. V. Hudnot, C. Doring.
Serg't H. Duffey, G. W. Hlll,
Corp'l S. G. Barker, H. W. Morgan,
Corp'l H. A. Baker, W. Carooll,
M. Hemiston, L. Worden,
H. Fraldlng, H. Kolby.
C. Wearth, J. Sutherland.
J. Adams, C. Milzler.
J. Wise, H. L Van Dresser.
Corp'l L. A. Clark, L. Bevvins.
R. Ridgway, J. Deniston,
D. Caton, H. Allen.
H. Dunham, D. K. Austin,
R. Ingalsbe, Robert Catterson,
J. S. Carpenter, C. A. Rowland.
R. Wiley, E. D. Walker.
Capt. G. A. Hoyt, Company C, since dead.
Capt. S Conner, Company H.
1st Lieut. G. Wiard, Company H.
1st Lieut. G. W. Rector, Company F.
2d Lieut. R. Glass, Company F.
1st Lieut. J. Thomas, Company A.
1st Lieut. R. Baldwin, Company R.
1st Lieut. H. H. Van Dake, Company L.
2d Lieut. W. L. Totten, Company L.
2d Lieut. S. B. Densmore, Company A.
Capt. S. D. Ludden, missing, supposed to be prisoner.
Serg't D. C. Wickham, Corp'l G.H. Stone.
G. G. Thayer, Corp'l G. M. Wheeler,
J. Millne, Corp'l C. Pippany,
G. Mann, J. Flandue,
G. Rix, C. H. Clark,
O. D. Angle, J. Temple,
C. Bowers, E. Burton,
J. Lasher, A. Hathaway,
H. Tuthill, J. D. Spurbeck,
Perry Grovenor, missing.
Corp I J Nagle, W. Matson,
H. Mehwaldt, P. Messig,
A. Doolittle, Corp'l R. C. Harmon,
C. S. Wright, A. Wolstead.
1st Serg't W. Moore, J. Ryan,
Corp'l A. R. Holt, J. Sheehan,
Corp'l J. T. McNiel, L. Terrill,
R. Black, W. Thompson,
J. Burt, C. O. Whitney,
W. C. Elliot, A. B. Tompkins,
J. Morrison, J. Booher,
J McGern, J. Hawkins,
J. O'Brien, G. Myers.
Serg't W. P. Spaulding, S. Butlter,
Corp'l D. D. Moorehouse, E. B. Goodwin,
F. Hinchey, A. Green,
F. Hagadine, T. Burns,
O. Hall, C. A. Green,
R. McDonald, F. E. Smith,
J. Miller, G. Stewart.
Serg't C. T. Behan,
Corp'l T. Rardwick,
CorpM. I. Hertsberg,
Corp'l J Farley,
W. H. Regles,
B. F. Mosier,
S. S. Skinner,
E. M. Townsend,
J. P. Watson,
J. D. Birdsall,
M. Causley, (missing.)
Serg't C. C. Richardson,
Serg't E M.Peckham,
Corp'l J. Divon,
Corp'l C. H. Quate,
Serg't L. Williams, F. Gleason,
W. H. Smith,
J. W. Amlong,
L. Van Dyke,
J. G. Foster,
E. H. Noble,
J. L. Babcock,
P. Metler, (missing.)
Serg't L. Mather,
Corp'l W. Jones,
C. F. Foster,
Corp'l N. J. Eaton,
J. H. Weaver,
A. B. Brooks,
J. K. Brown,
Corp'l S. J. F. Folger,
Corp'l M. Wilcox,
Corp'l O. R. Bannister,
Corp I. Perry,
Serg't M. Van Antwerp,
W. H Gordon,
A. H.Van Antwerp,
E. W. Herrick,
E. S. Clark.
W. L. Farr,
F. G. Olmstead,
A. K. Damon,
B. F. McHenry.
M. H. Serk,
S. I. Stebens,
M. La Mont,
G. I. Gulp.
1st Serg't D. L. Fellows,
Corp'l H. Ferguson
Serg't E. H. Ewell,
Serg't.C. A. Whipple,
Corp'l J. A. Clark,
W. H. Walker,
G. W. Gould,
G. H. Goodnow,
E. H. Rich,
Corp'l G. W. Candall,
Corp'l E. Plumley,
B. P. Pierce,
M. B. Stevens.
H. C. Warner,
Serg't W. Fisk,
Corp'l A. P. Post,
M. Bathe, (missing,)
Yours, &c., "JACK."
COL. BENJAMIN F. DAVIS.
Col. Davis, who was killed in the gallant cavalry engagement on Monday, was
a native of Mississippi, and was appointed a cadet at West Point from the
state of Alabama in the year 1850. He graduated on the 30th of June, 1854.
On the 1st of July, 1854, he was appointed brevet second lieutenant of 5th
infantry, and on the 3d of March, 1855, was transferred to the 1st Dragoons,
with the full rank.—He became distinguished in the conflict with
Coyotero and Mogollon Apaches in New Mexico on the 27th of June, 1857, in which
engagement he was wounded. On the 9th of January, 1860, he was promoted to
a first lieutenancy, and, having remained loyal when his state went into rebellion,
was, on the 30th of July, 1861 further promoted to a
captaincy in the 1st dragoons, now 1st cavalry.
During the battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, he was in command of a squadron
of the 1st regular cavalry, and so distinguished himself that he was nominated
for a brevet of lieutenant colonel for "distinguished services." This
brevet was not confirmed. On the 6th of June, 1862, he was placed in command
by General McClellan of the 8th regiment New York cavalry, and on the 15th
of Sept. was breveted major (appointment confirmed) for his gallant withdrawal
of the cavalry from Harper's Ferry on the surrender of that place on that day.
During the last cavalry engagement he commanded a brigade under General Buford.
It is to be ardently hoped that the report of Colonel PETER A. PORTER being
still alive may prove true. His death would be a heavy loss to the country,
while it would carry personal grief to thousands of hearts.
EIGHTH ARTILLERY.—The 8th N. Y. Artillery, Col. Peter A. Porter, commanding,
have left Fort Marshall, Baltimore, to which fort they were transferred from
Fort Federal Hill on the arrival of the 7th N. Y. Regiment, for Harpers Ferry.
The regiment is reported to be in fine condition, and very anxious for service
in the field. The 8th Heavy Artillery.—A telegraphic dispatch in the
Democrat says that the 8th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, Col. Ronten, commanding,
passed through Washington on its way to the front yesterday. The men were in
fine spirits. The 8th is from Niagara County.
PERSONAL.—Lieut. Col. Bates, Adjutant Blake and Lieut. Starr, of the
8th Artillery, Col. Porter's regiment, were in town last evening en route to
Buffalo, on detailed service connected with the draft.
Lieut. Dobie, of the 89th N. Y. Volunteers (Col. Fairchild's regiment), is
in the city. He is one of the three commissioned officers sent home from that
regiment to take charge of drafted men. Lieut. D. says that Col. Fairchild
is in excellent health and spirits.
CAPT. SHELDON.—The friends of Captain H. H. Sheldon, 8th N. Y. Artillery,
will be glad to know, as we learn from an eye-witness, that he acted like a
veteran hero in the terrible battle of the 3d inst., and came off with only
a single wound in the hand—not sufficient to disable him.
THANKS.—Our thanks are due to Captain J. H. Holmes, 8th N. Y. Artillery
for an official list of killed and wounded in his company. Several names occur
not found in the previously reported lists, and we know the same may be said
of the other companies—the reports in the newspapers have not been reliable.
We would gladly publish a full official list if we had it. With the exception
of Capt. Holmes' Company, the names we give elsewhere, are those we find in
the newspaper reports.
Chaplain Delamatyr, of the 8th Art'y, reached home on Friday last, having been
granted a brief furlough to enable him to attend the probate of Col. Porter's
will to which he was a subscribing witness.
On Monday evening, by request, he spoke in Bordwell's Hall, to an audience
which filled every inch of space, giving the history of the 8th from the time
it left Baltimore, May 15th, to July 4th, the day he left.—Not having
been in attendance, we are unable to give a resume of the address, and can
only present the following statement of the losses of the regiment, which he
has kindly furnished us:
Killed—13 officers; 160 men.
Wounded—25 officers; 584 men.
Missing—1 officer; 65 men.
Total casualties, 848; present for duty July 4th, 650 men.
DEATH OF LT. SWAN.—It was with regret that we heard of the death of
Lt. Henry R. Swan, eldest son of the late General L. B. Swan. He was a lieutenant
in the 8th Artillery, acting as Adjutant. On Friday last he died at Charles
City Court House, and very suddenly, of congestion of the lungs. His regiment
was making a forced march and Lt. Swan had been with it all the time. He felt
a difficulty in breathing and spoke to the Surgeon of the Regiment who at once
ordered him into an ambulance. He had barely entered the vehicle when he expired.
The particulars of the case have been received by his brother-in-law Geo. H.
Lt. Swan was less than 20 years old when he died. He had performed his duty
admirably ever since he entered the service, and though he did not fall in
battle he died with the harness of the soldier on. He was an estimable young
man, and had shown those qualifications which promised to give him distinction
had he survived. He was military tutor at De Veaux College when the war commenced
and took the place of private Secretary to Col. Porter when the 8th Artillery
CASUALTIES IN CO. E, COL. PORTER'S REGIMENT.—We are indebted to private
Joseph Deuel for the following list of casualties in Co E, 8th N. Y. Artillery,
Col. Porter's Regiment, at Ream's Station, Va., Aug. 25th. The men belonging
to Co E are mostly from this county:
Private Henry Bouch, killed.
2d Lieut. A. P. Hawkins, wounded severely in the left arm.
Capt. Osborn Edwards, wounded slightly in left leg.
Private Robert Turner, wounded severely in both legs, and missing.
Missing.—Corps. W. Stimpson, R. Faulkner, John Roberts, Otto Hertsburgh;
Privates Frank Armsty, John Alexander, E. M. Bailey, Thomas Barnes, Abner Bust,
Wm. H. Evans, Jefferson White, John Deveraux, Jacob Suter, M. A. Drake, James
Baker, Thomas Grogan, James Driscoll, F. Fitzgerald, Wilber Ford, Jas. Hannan,
Franklin Lewis, Theodore Mueller, Henry Mussay, Wilber Mitchell, James Pearson,
W. H. Peck, Henry Reafasall, S. S. Skinner, Geo. Dawson; Musician James Mayne.
WOUNDED.—We regret to learn that Capt. H. H. Sheldon, of the 8th Heavy
Artillery, a gentleman well and favorably known here was seriously wounded
in the battle on Friday June 3d. He is a resident of Niagara Falls.
LIEUT. COL. BATES.—This gallant officer, who was reported to have been
killed in the same engagement that Col. Porter was, is now stated to be alive
and not even wounded. He was within grasp of the rebel earthworks when his
regiment fell back, and his only hope of saving his life was in hugging the
heaped up "sacred soil" until night favored his escape, when he made
his way to our lines unobserved by the rebels. The 8th Heavy Artillery suffered
severely in the engagement of Friday, June 3d, having lost, it is said, in
killed, wounded, and missing, 600 men; one-third of the whole regiment.
MARCHED HIMSELF TO DEATH.—A letter from Joseph Deuel, dated June 14th,
to his father in this city, says that Lieut. H. R. Swan of the 8th Heavy Artillery,
marched himself to death, and that Lieut. Col. W.
Bates had been kicked by his horse.
Col. Peter A. Porter.
NEW YORK, JUNE 10.—A Washington special says:
The friends of Col. Peter A. Porter, in western New York will be interested
to know that he was killed by a minnie ball through the neck on Friday morning,
at the head of his regiment, when he fell he was fired over by the sharpshooters
Friday and Saturday, and it was only on the evening of the latter day that
his body; was recovered.
The following order has been issued from these Headquarters:
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, Nov. 7.
1st. The 8th New York Heavy Artillery, the 104th New York Volunteers, and the
36th Wisconsin Volunteers, having been reported to the Major General commanding
as having behaved with distinguished bravery during the engagement of October
27, 1864, on Thatcher's Run, he takes pleasure in restoring to those gallant
regiments the right to carry the colors, of which they were deprived by his
General Order No. 37 of Sept. 13d, 1864.
2d. It having been reported to the Major General Commanding that the colors
of the following mentioned regiments recently lost in battle, were lost under
circumstances that reflect no dishonor upon those regiments, they are hereby
permitted to carry other colors, viz: the 7th New Hampshire Vols., 38th Massachusetts
Vols., 31st New York Vols., 45th Pennsylvania Vols., and 105th Pennsylvania
By command of Maj.-Gen. MEADE.
S. WILLIAMS, Asst. Adjt. Genl.
W. D. McGEGOR.
The Orleans and American.
Thursday Morning, Nov. 24, 1864.
The 8th N. Y. Artillery, which was so unfortunate as to lose colors in the
engagement at Ream's Station, south of Petersburg on the 25th of August, through
the bad generalship of someone high in command, and was prohibited from carrying
colors in future, (as a punishment for its valor on that occasion) have had
them restored, for gallant conduct at Hatches' Run, on the 27th of October.
The facts are set forth in a General Order from the corps commander, Gen. Hancock,
covered by another by Gen. Meade.
The 8th went into the fight at Ream's Station with thirteen officers and three
hundred and eighty men, and came out with five officers and one hundred and
thirty-two men, which does not argue very great cowardice on the part of the
regiment. To those who understood the facts there was no disgrace attaching
to the 8th for losing its colors.
Military History of the Eighth New York Heavy Artillery.
This regiment was raised in the counties of Niagara, Orleans and Genesee, in
August, 1862. It was organized as the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth New York
Volunteer infantry, mustered into the United States service August 22, l862,
at Lockport, N. Y., and on the 23d of that month left Lockport, under orders
to report at Washington. On reaching Baltimore on the 25th it received orders
to report to Brevet Brigadier General W. W. Morris; commanding defences of
Baltimore, and by him ordered to garrison Fort Federal Hill.
On the 17th of December, 1862, by order of the War Department, the regiment
was changed from infantry to heavy artillery, and designated as the Eighth
regiment New York heavy artillery. The regiment remained in Baltimore, garrisoning
Forts Federal Hill, McHenry and Marshall, until May 15, 1864, with the exception
of being ordered to Maryland Heights, on the 10th of July, 1863, at which place
it remained until August 3, 1863, and being again ordered to Green Spring Run
and Romney during February, 1864, remaining there, however, but a few weeks.
During this time it had raised recruits sufficiently to bring the regimental
number to nineteen hundred and twenty-three men.
On May 15, 1864, the regiment left Baltimore to join the Second division of
the Second Army corps, Army of the Potomac, by way of Aquia creek, the army
then being at Spottsylvania, arriving there on May 18, 1864. On the 19th it
fought its first battle, charging and driving the rebels three successive times.
It has participated in all the battles, marches, and other duties which this
army has performed during the great campaign of 1864 and '65. The regiment
is to be mustered out immediately. (June 5, 1865)
Death and Burial of a Soldier.
HEAD QUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
Coal Harbor, Va. June 11, 1864.
My Dear Friends at Home:—I have visited Chaplain Delamater of cousin
Fayette's regiment, and to day went out on the line where rebel bullets were
whirring in close proximity over my head, to see Capt. of his company, and
will now write for yourself and friends, all I am able to gather that I think
will interest you all in relation to his death, burial, &c.
I went with my horse to carry a sick Dansville soldier,—Mr. T. Walker
of the same regiment with Fayette, and whom I found at the house where I was
stopping, to his hospital, and so happened to hear somewhat vaguely that Fayette
was shot and killed. That I wrote you, and to believe it was a mistake, as
my own duties would not allow me to search farther that day. But I could not
dispel anxieties as to his fate, and hastened early next morning to the hospital
of his division to find the vague report alas, too true, though not literallry
[sic] so. He was shot through the body, both legs, and one arm, about five
o'clock on the morning of Friday, June 3d, while making a line of rebel works.
He lay on the ground about fourteen or fifteen hours, as the charge was repulsed
and the ground left again between the lines. As soon as darkness favored, he
was brought off and taken to hospital where he died in about twenty-four hours
after being shot. The Chaplain is a very courteous and obliging gentleman,
and a faithful and devoted christian, and I am satisfied gave Fayette every
attention possible in the circumstances, but he says he could not, in the multitude
of similar cases, give him as much time as he desired to do. He says he was
concious [sic] to the last, and fully aware of his situation, and the near
approach of death, though not having strength for much conversation. He asked
often for water, and when told that he could not have so much, replied he had
not long to stay in this world, and wanted what comfort he could have in that
time. When I reached the hospital I found his pulseless form waiting for a
grave which was being dug, and I at once secured a little delay in the burial
to enable me to try to have his body removed to White House, as I could there
have it embalmed [sic]. The distance is about fifteen miles. I only met, at
every place I thought as at all worth while to apply the kind but discouraging
reply, "We would gladly help you, but the living must have all the facilities
of exit, rather than the dead." With a heavy heart I returned to the sad
duty of alone burying a friend in a strange land. Half a dozen from his Division
had already been buried, and his grave was made near them, and adjoining a
lone tree in a large open field. The land is dry and the spot as favorable
as could be selected. We buried him in true soldier style, "No useless
coffin enclosed his breast," no group of weeping mourners gathered around,
no crowd of sympathizing [sic] neighbors to witness the last sad duties to
the departed, no ceremony, but lonely and quietly we laid him away in his narrow
bivouac. Hiding his own grief the rough soldier in attendance spread his rubber
peruche over his uncoffined form, and dropped lightly the earth that was to
cover him from my sight.
I should have said, that up to this time I had been unable to find any one
who had any knowledge of him except the who was with him the last two hours
of his life. His valuables had been removed, and as I afterwards learned properly
cared for. I took a small plain ring from his finger and some buttons from
his vest to cherish as mementoes of the friend and the peculiar occasion. These
I shall forward at the earliest safe opportunity. I carved his initials and
my own on the tree, in addition to the penciling on the headboard; and to-day
as our army was leaving this locality entirely, I paid a last visit to the
spot, and failing to find a stone—there are none here of any kind,—to
make a future discovery as sure as possible, I took the only imperishable article
I could procure, a tin fruit-can and with my pocket knife cut on it his name
and my own in full, and buried it at the head of the grave, just inside of
the head board. I also had a boy living on the farm, visit the grave with me
and in every way I could to get him interested in remembering the spot. If
desired, and it shall become practicable to remove the remains I feel confident
there will be no trouble whatever after these precautions in identifying the
spot, especially if I can be along. As I cannot write to as many as I would
like please copy and send to as many of his friends as you deem proper. Yours,
Lieut. F. S. Brown belonged to the 8th N. Y. H. Artillery, Hancock's Corps,
and as this regiment was recruited in Western N. Y., it maybe interesting to
people of this vicinity to learn something of its doings and sufferings on
the memorable 2d of June. On the previous night rain fell heavily, and the
morning was chilly, cloudy and dark. At four o'clock in the morning the order
came to charge, and the 8th--twelve hundred, instantly, bravely and freely
mounted, and were over the works with arms at a trial, bayonets fixed, and
on the double quick step. Braver hearts never rushed to battle, and never was
a charge more deadly, or of so little avail. The moment they mounted our works
a deadly, sweeping fire was opened upon them from thousands of muskets, as
well as a few batteries. The men began to fall before they got twenty feet
from our works, and there were two hundred rods to pass over before the enemies
works were reached. The double quick turned into a run, and this was kept up
till the men were too exhausted to go faster than a brisk step, for the distance
was so great and the ground so uneven and muddy that they were soon tired out.
Of all that started not more than one third reached the rebel parapet. And
what could they do? Nothing but die, and those who had not fallen took refuge
in rifle pits. Dead and wounded lay from the pits they left to the rebel works,
but at the works they were almost heaped in places. They lay under cover of
the pits until the middle of the afternoon, when the order came from Capt.
Baker to start back again one by one for the works occupied in the morning.
Of the number who went forward in this charge, one half were either killed
or wounded, the company to which Lieut. Brown belonged suffering more than
any other. Of this Co. one hundred men and five officers went into the fight,
and when it came out seventy-five men were either killed or wounded, three
officers wounded and one, (Brown) mortally. About forty of the men lie buried
on the field of battle. Of the sergeants who went into the fight all but one
were either killed or wounded and the same of the corporals. Colonel Porter
was killed, and several officers of the line were either killed or wounded.
The regiment has again suffered severely in the recent battles before Petersburg.
COL. PORTER APPOINTED TO THE COMMAND OF FORT MCHENRY--COL. P. A. Porter of
the 8th N. Y. Artillery, raised in Niagara county, has been placed in command
of Fort McHenry, formerly under the immediate charge of General Morris. Col.
Porter was the Republican nominee for Secretary of State who declined to run.
Sword Presentation to Col. P. A. Porter
8th N. Y. Art.
Mr. Editor: The generous contribution of fathers, brothers, husbands, lovers
and self-sacrificing labor by the people of Niagara, Genesee and Orleans Counties,
towards raising and organizing the 129th Regiment of N. Y. V. Infantry, gave
assurance of a depth of friendly interest in the Regiment which we are convinced
is still cherished in the 8th N. Y. Artillery by their equally generous liberality
in like contributions towards filling its Ranks and perfecting that new organization.
While that interest lives it cannot fail to be a pleasure to those people to
know whatever it is the pleasure of the Regiment to do and therefore to know
what was done on Christmas Eve at Regimental Head Quarters taking advantage
of a brief absence of Colonel Porter from his quarters in the evening, the
Commissioned Officers of the Regiment, thirty-five or more in number according
to a plan previously agreed upon quietly assembled and without encountering
any serious resistance possessed themselves of his Room, and posting a sentinel
to watch his approach awaited his return. The trusty sentinel was none too
vigillant [sic] to secure the happy execution of their plot, for the Colonel
whose presence is ever most apt to be where the sleepy guards-man least desires
it, by approaching at the only unwatched point, drove him in at "double
quick" to announce with a countenance more in delight than in affright, "He
is upon us." All quickly "formed square" and as the Colonel
entered, without giving him time to assume the character of either host or
guest, to determine whether he was captured or capturing, Major Willett addressed
him as follows:
Colonel Porter: We have come here this evening to make you a friendly call,
and are not on an official visit. Indeed in view of our numbers I might with
propriety say that it is a friendly "reconnoisance in force."
We have no hostile intentions, but on Christmas eve, we have thought that we
might properly lay off the soldier to some extent, and pay our respects to
our Regimental Chief, in a manner consonant with our feelings and in keeping
with the Rules and Regulations.
Disclaiming therefore any purpose of convening ought of praise or censure,
of approval or disapproval, I have the honor in accordance with the wishes
of these gentlemen, in their names and on their behalf to present to you this
modest token of their individual and personal regard."
At this point one side of the square gave way and opening, discovered lying
open upon his table a rosewood case containing a sword, belt, sash and pair
of spurs each article of which was a model of richness and beauty. For the
character of the sword, "Vide" a few lines past. The scabbard was
two. One of gold elaborately wrought and bearing the inscription: "Presented
to P. A. Porter, Colonel, 8th N. Y. V. Artillery, by thee Commissioned Officers
of his Regiment." The other of steel, silver mounted, inscribed simply
with the name, "P. A. Porter:" Taking the sword and presenting it
to Col. Porter, the Major added:
May their friendship prove to be, like this Damascus blade, of the real 'stub
and twist." that shall never break nor crack, through all the thrusts
and parry's of life, and in corning years, when this 'cruel war is over,' and
the flower of peace fresh and fragrant, shall have been plucked from the thorny
bush, may the trusty sword remind you how we clung harmoniously together, in
the service of our country, on those days when, on the dark wave of rebellion,
a great republic went driving before the storm.—Accept these gifts, Sir,
and with them our united and sincere wishes that you may live to enjoy many
years of health and prosperity, and that you may have a 'Merry
Col. Porter replied briefly saying that it was usual to express surprise on
occasions of this kind, but that all would bear him witness that his was genuine,
and their secret had been well kept in the true spirit of a "military
surprise." He begged to express his sincere pleasure and gratification
at the gift itself, the manner of its presentation, and all that it implied
of good will and kindly fealing [sic] on the part of the officers of the regiment.
The relations existing between all of us had been of the most harmonious nature,
and the harmony was due to the character of the officers and the standard of
duty that existed among us.—We might not have been able to make ourselves
a model of what would be done in the bloody service of the field, be we were
a model of unanimity and good will among ourselves as a regiment. Whatever
duty had been assigned to us, although not as active as we could wish, had
been conscientiously performed and he believed successfully. The new year opening
upon us would probably be the beginning of a more varied and a more stormy
experience, and he did not doubt that the officers would do in future what
they had done in the past, and that was, their duty. For himself he could only
hope that he should continue to possess their confidence, and thanking them
again for their very beautiful present, hoped he should so wear it, with their
support, that his career as their commanding officer would do no dishonor to
those who had done so much honor to him.
Thus passed what will be long remembered by each one present as one of the
most pleasant incidents of his life.
S. P. WEBSTER.
Kendall, Jany. 7th, 1864.
Col. Porter Seriously Wounded.
New York, June 7.--Col. Peter A. Porter, of the 8th N. Y. Heavy Artillery,
officially published as killed, is said to be only severely wounded.—Hon.
Hollis White has gone to the front to devote himself to the care of the Colonel,
if yet alive, and to bring home his remains if dead.
Col. Porter's Death.
New York, June 13.—The Tribune special says Col. Peter A. Porter's body,
when recovered, was found to have sixteen bullet holes in it. One of them was
right through the heart. He was at the head of a brigade and of course was
a distinct mark for the sharpshooters.
Three men in his regiment were killed in their endeavors to recover his body.
A fourth man made approaches to it with a spade, and fastened a rope to it.
Drawn on in this way the brave man's remains reached his regiment, and were
transmitted to his family.
Death of Colonel Peter A. Porter.
A dispatch from Secretary Stanton, states that Col. Porter was killed in the
battle of Friday in front of Richmond. This announcement will sadden many
hearts. Col. Porter raised a regiment in the Niagara district in the summer
of '62, and has since been actively in the service. Last fall the Republican
Convention nominated him for Secretary of State, but he declined the candidacy
in a manly letter. He was in the prime of life, and the possessor of large
wealth. His first appearance in public life was in the capacity of member
of Assembly in 1862.
Death of Colonel Porter.
Extract from a letter received by a gentleman of this city, from an officer
of the 8th regt. N. Y. Artillery—dated Cold Harbor, Va., June 6, 1864:
Colonel Porter was killed about 4 o'clock in the morning on the 3d inst., while
the regiment was making a charge upon an earthwork of the enemy. He fell nobly
leading his men on. We all feel his loss very deeply. Our losses in the charge,
besides the Colonel, were twenty-two officers killed and wounded, and about
four hundred men killed, wounded and missing. It was one of the most severe
affairs of the war, and old regiments that were expected to support us refused
to go forward. Not a man in the whole line flinched or looked back; but all
went forward with almost the certainty of death before them. We are having
more or less fighting here every day, and we have some men each day killed
or wounded by the enemy's sharpshooters, but, as we are behind breastworks
our losses cannot be very large."
THE LATE COL. PETER A. PORTER.—The Rochester Union says: The body servant
of the late Col. Peter A. Porter, accompanied his remaines [sic] from the battle
field to Niagara Falls. The Colonel was killed early on Friday morning June
3d, within a few yards of the enemy's breast-works. His body was riddled with
balls and his death is supposed to have been instantaneous. The ground on which
he was lying not being in possession of either army, it was with extreme difficulty
the body was recovered. It was reached by digging a trench to within a few
feet of it, several men then crawling on their hands and knees, when a rope
was attached to his feet and the body thus secured. Four men then transported
it on their shoulders to White House, where it was encoffined and forwarded
to the Falls. It was much decomposed, having lain on the ground for nearly
forty-eight hours under a blazing sun. Col. Porter had just assumed command
of the brigade in which was his regiment, when he gave the command to charge
and in the assault lost his life. Like Wadsworth, his remembrance will be held
ever dear in the hearts of his countrymen. No pecuniary gain could have induced
him to have left his home of affluence and ease to partake of the dangers of
war. But his country called him and he was too patriotic to disobey the call.
It is reported that when he fell his brigade was engaged in a deadly conflict
with a portion of Breckenridge's command. Breckenridge is a relative of Col.
FUNERAL OF THE LATE COL. PORTER.—We understand that the Rev. J. M. Clarke,
of St. James' Church, has been summoned to attend the funeral services of the
late Col. Peter A. Porter, which are to take place at Niagara Falls to-morrow.—Col.
Porter was a former parishioner of Mr. Clarke's, and he will officiate at the
funeral by request of the family of the deceased.
The Standard falls into an error in stating that Rev. Mr. May is to take part
in the funeral obsequies. Mr. May is at home and will conduct the services
at the Unitarian Church to-morrow at the usual hours.
THE FUNERAL OF COL. PETER B. PORTER.—The funeral of this noble patriot
and gallant soldier took place at Niagara Falls, yesterday. There was a large
attendance from the town and surrounding country, where Col. Porter had been
so long known and loved for years, and the National Guards at the Falls furnished
the military escort. The funeral services were conducted by the Rev. Dr. Shelton
of this City, the Rev. Dr. Clark of Syracuse, and the Rev. Dr. Starkie, at
the Episcopal Church. The remarks of Dr. Shelton are spoken of by those present
as having been exceedingly eloquent anf affecting.
Particulars of his Death.
As announced, the funeral of this gallant officer and beloved citizen, took
place from St. Peter's Church, at Niagara Falls, on Saturday morning, at
11 o'clock. Owing to a mistaken impression that the obsequies would be deferred
till yesterday, many were absent who deeply desired to pay the last tribute
of respect to their defender and friend. The attendance was, however, very
large, numbers from this city, Tonawanda, Lockport, Lewiston, and the surrounding
country being present, and the deep sadness stamped even upon the faces of
those who new Col. Porter least, was the most impressive announcement of
the great loss the community had suffered in his death. There was no actual
military display. The members of Co. B, 90th Regiment N. Y. N. G., of which
Col. Porter was formerly a member, acted as an escort, in citizens dress,
but beyond this, there was no organized demonstration.
The body was carried to the Church, which the unostentatious liberality of
the departed soul had aided so much in erecting, on Friday afternoon, and the
stores and business places were generally closed on its arrival.
Rev. Mr. Shelton of this city, Rev. Mr. Starkie, Rector of the St. Peters,
and Rev. Mr. Clark of Syracuse, officiated at the services, and Doctor Carey,
and Porter Thompson, Edward Fiske and Carlton Sprague, Esq's, of this city,
and Messrs. Pettibone, Piper, Jerrauld, and Minturn, of the Falls, acted as
pall-bearers. The church was crowded to overflowing, and hundreds were unable
to gain admission. After the impressive burial service of the Episcopal Church
had been read, Dr. Shelton delivered a very brief address, in which the character
of Col. Porter was reviewed with the touching pathos and broken voice of a
deeply grieved friend. He concluded by quoting the admirably appropriate lines
of Collins, commencing:
"How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
By all their country's wishes blessed!"
At the conclusion of the Doctor's remarks there was scarcely a dry eye in
the assemblage, and we question if ever a more feeling tribute was paid by
a soldier of the Lord to a soldier of the Union. After the ceremonies at the
Church, the sad procession moved slowly to Oakwood Cemetery where the body
was placed in the vault till the grave could be prepared. It would have been
deposited in the family plot at once, but for the unexpected meeting with a
stratum of rock in digging the grave, which rendered resort to blasting necessary.
From John Haney, Colonel Porter's faithful servant, we learn the correct particulars
of his death. On Friday morning, General Terry, in command of the Brigade,
was wounded in the leg, and sent word to Col. Porter, requesting him to assume
command in the charge on the enemy's works, about to be made. Col. Porter called
the officers together, and firmly and calmly informed them that the task was
one of almost certain death, but that orders must be obeyed. He then sprang
to the top of the earthworks, and waving his sword cried, "Boys, follow
me, I will lead you!" Every man in the Brigade rushed over the intrenchments
at the word, and swept down on the rebel works, from end to end of which a
torrent of death flame was pouring. Scarce half of the horrid intervening space
was passed, before a minie ball struck the Colonel in the side of the neck,
and he fell. Struggling to his feet, he again cheered on his men, and again
dauntlessly faced the tempest of iron and lead. The next instant a ball passed
through his heart, and he fell on his hands and knees, undoubtedly killed instantly,
as his body was in that position when recovered. He was struck with seven rifle
balls; two through the neck, one through the heart, one in the side, one in
the abdomen, and one through each leg.
Beaten back by the fiery tempest his command was compelled to retire, and for
nearly two days his body lay on the field, his only requiem being the death
shrieks of the shell and the sharp sigh of the bullet.
On Saturday night five of his men took advantage of the darkness and rain to
successfully attempt gaining possession of their Commander's body. Through
mud and water they silently dug a trench, which brought them within about five
rods of where he lay, and then one of them with his life in his hand crawled
forth, fastened a cord to the now useless sword-belt, and over the damp and
bloody clay of that fearful Virginia battle field, the hero clay was drawn
till it reposed in the Union line; and thus by the devoted bravery of those
who learned to love him in war, were we, his mourning friends at home, who
knew him in peace, permitted to deposit his remains in the quiet of the churchyard,
where the mighty Niagara will till the end of time thunder his dirge.
Funeral of the late Col. Porter.
It was impossible to obtain any particulars in regard to the death of Col.
Porter, till Friday last. The account given by Swinton, in his graphic description
of the battle, was necessarily too vague to satisfy the anxious desire to
know all that could be known of his last hours, his death, and the recovery
of his body.
He fell, as we know, bravely leading his men to the attack, rose to his feet
and gallantly struggled on, but fell again, and died, it is confidently believed,
without a groan. This was about five o'clock on Friday morning. His body lay
where it fell till Saturday night. John Haney (who had been many years in the
Col.'s service, and had been with him constantly since he left home), unwilling
to believe him really dead, searched the hospitals, hoping to find him among
the wounded, and received the sad confirmation of the report of his death from
a wounded man of Col. Porter's regiment, who saw the Col.'s body at the time
he himself was wounded, and satisfied himself that he was really dead. Lieut.
Col. Bates finally discerned the body through his glass, and sent the necessary
order to Captain Baker, who detailed three men, under a Sergeant, to bring
it, if possible within our lines. They went forward under cover of night, discovered
it, and with much difficulty succeeded in eluding observation and bringing
it away. It was then given to the care of Haney, who now, although nearly overcome
by the fatigue and terrible excitement of the preceding thirty-six hours, undertook
the sad duty of bringing his master's body to the friends so anxiously awaiting
He succeeded in getting it safely to White House, where it was newly coffined
and prepared for its last journey, by the embalmer, Dr. Bunnel. He then brought
it on to Washington, where it was met by Mr. Symonds.
On Friday afternoon, a week from the day Col. Porter was killed, his body arrived
here. All places of business were closed, and the funeral was announced to
take place the next morning, at eleven o'clock, from St. Peter's church. In
accordance with the wishes of the friends of the deceased, and his own well
known dislike of all ostentatious display, the preparations were for a quiet
village funeral. The coffin, beautifully draped with flags and decorated with
a profusion of exquisite flowers, was placed in the vestibule.
The services were conducted by the Rev. Dr. Shelton, of Buffalo; assisted by
the Rev. Mr. Clarke of Syracuse, and the Rev. Mr. Starkey, the rector of the
parish. Company B, under Capt. Sahlenou, obtained permission to attend in a
body, dressed in citizens clothes, to pay the last possible mark of respect
to the remains of their deceased comrade.
It was most affecting to see among the mourning household, the old blind man,
who had been cared for by Gen. Porter, and left by him to the care of his children,
supported by the young man who had been so faithful to the last in his young
Dr. Shelton made a few touching remarks relative to the sad occasion; and when,
after adverting to his long intimacy of over forty years with the family of
the deceased, he would have spoken of the sad office he was now called upon
to perform, his emotion overpowered him, tears choaked [sic] his utterance;
and many a one to whose eyes tears were strange, indeed, wept with him. It
was an assemblage of sincere mourners; and each, as he went his way, seemed
then first to realize that this was the last among us of the gallant officer
who, in the flush of his strong manhood, went from us but two short years ago.
And so—blessed by the prayers of the church, hallowed by the tears of
affection, and honored by the manifestations of universal love and respect—he
was quietly laid to rest.
Tribute to the Late Col. Peter A. Porter.
BY REV. JAMES M. CLARKE.
From the Gospel Messenger.
I did not know," said friend of his, "that Col. Porter could die." As
man sees, there was every reason he should live. Few lives were more full of
promise. Earth had given him all earth's advantages—a father eminent
in his country's history, a mother gifted beyond the common lot, a mind and
a person worthy of such parentage, all opportunities of education and of culture,
all surroundings of affluence and refinement, the happiness of home and family,
the friendship of many of earth's chosen souls. He had furnished himself with "every
noble sentiment, every manly accomplishment." He was so full of life.
He touched life at so many points. He was a poet, an artist, an orator, a statesman,
lastly a soldier. The noble river that flows before his home, and its scenes
of beauty and of majesty, to our hearts take on sadness and complain of loss,
wanting him. The friends that were drawn round Niagara as a home, felt his
attraction as the life of its society, through the opulence of an intellect
highly cultured, a memory superb and matchless, a wit prodigal and exhaustless
as nature's fountains, and a genial, social nature, fitted to give enjoyment
and to enjoy.
He was singularly free from prejudice. As he was generous in his dealings with
his neighbors, so he was candid and fair in discussing all religious, political,
sectional or national questions and controversies. So impartial was he in his
judgments that his endorsement of any cause was felt as an independent and
weighty evidence in its favor. He was such a one as the country most needs.
By position and temper lifted above the calculations of selfish interest, by
culture and mental habit above the fury of party spirit, guiltless in the past
of his country's blood, he was fitted to have exercised an elevating influence
on our national policy and character, to have carried the spirit of a pure,
lofty, and Christian patriotism into the future of our national life. Though
educated in Puritan New England and in Rationalist Germany, though a graduate
of Cambridge and a student in Berlin, he became from conviction, both Christian
and Churchman. He was confirmed in 1859, making a special journey to the Bishop's
house in Geneva for that purpose, and he continued thenceforth "Christ's
faithful soldier and servant unto his life's end." His religious profession
had been taken deliberately, and it is the testimony of all that it was carried
out steadily and consistently; that he was a servant of God, a man of prayer.
In 1862, he served for a term in the State Legislature. In the summer of that
year, it forced itself upon him as a duty to give himself to his country in
this her hour of trial. It was a stern duty and a grievous sacrifice. He was
not a born soldier, as some are; he was made for the arts of peace. He was
statesman rather than soldier, fitted to shine in the senate-house rather than
in the field. He had all that the heart holds dear at home. He gave up all
for duty, as the martyrs "forsook all" for Christ. In 1863, his friends
nominated him for New York Secretary of State on the ticket which was afterwards
successful, but he declined the nomination. In a noble and touching letter,
he said, (in substance,) "I have taken my neighbors' sons into the war,
and I will share their dangers till I bring them home." He was two winters
stationed in Baltimore. He had long been impatient for more active service,
and in May, 1864, he was at length ordered to the field. In three weeks from
the day he received the order, he was killed in his second battle. On the fatal
3d, the General of his brigade was wounded in a desperate charge The enemy's
breastworks crowned the hill above them.
The officers all knew the attack was hopeless at their part of the line. Still
he was second in command, and he rushed forward, calling to his men. The bullet
struck him and he fell. He rose, ran on, and fell to rise no more. It was thirty-six
hours before his body was recovered. When obtained, six bullet holes pierced
it, One of which was through the heart. Six hundred of his regiment were stretched
with him on the field of death. The troops whose position he attacked were
commanded by his cousin, Gen. Breckenridge of Kentucky.
On the 14th, he was buried at his boyhood's and his manhood's home. No pomp
of war decked the scene. Here, in the beauty of nature, was the stillness of
peace. Simply the old flag he died for was wrapped round his coffin. Three
of his successive pastors attended the rite. His old pastor and friend, warm-hearted
Dr. Shelton, said a few broken and touching words before we laid him to his
rest; ending with those lines of Collins's:
"How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
With all their country's wishes blest, &c.”
One word more. This man, whose life was a training for noble action, has not
yet closed his spirit's high career. And the country for which such heroic
lives are given, is not destined to fall from the roll of nations, with the
hopes and promise of her youth all unfulfilled. The red deluge must be also
a regeneration. And what, the blood of the martyrs was to the infant Church,
that must also the blood of her Christian heroes be to the dear Fatherland.
THE LATE COL. PORTER.—At a meeting of the Trustees of Hobart College,
Geneva, held on the 12th of last July, the following preamble and resolutions
Whereas, In the providence of God, our associate and honored friend, Col. Peter
A. Porter, has been deprived of life while in the army of the United States:
Resolved, That in his death we feel the loss of a liberal and generous patron
and an efficient officer of this Board.
Resolved, That we will cherish the remembrance of his manly excellence,
matchless self-denial in directing his talents and periling his life in the
cause of his country.
Resolved, That we feel in the loss of our distinguished associate, that we
are deprived of the influence of one of the highest intellects, and one of
the most distinguished spirits, and that the cause of learning and general
improvement has sustained an afflicting loss.
Resolved, That we transmit to his family a copy of these resolutions.
THE LATE COL. PETER A. PORTER—ACTION OF DEVEAUX COLLEGE.—At a
regular meeting of the Trustees of the Deveaux College for Orphan and Destitute
Children, held at the College edifice, on the 21st day of July, 1864, Gov.
Hunt announced the recent death of Col. Peter A. Porter, one of the Trustees
of the College, and offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously
Resolved, That the members of this Board have received with profound and heartfelt
grief the tidings of the death of their late associate Col. Peter A. Porter,
who has nobly fallen in the service of his country, while gallantly leading
his regiment into action.
Resolved, That we will hold in grateful remembrance not only his valuable services
and zealous co-operation in the affairs of the College, from its inception
until he was called away by the summons of his country, but the high endowments,
the disinterested patriotism, the Christian example, and all the manly virtues
which adorned his life and character.
Resolved, That his untimely fall is an afflictive bereavement which takes from
us an honored and loved friend and colleague; while it deprives the country
of one of its brightest ornaments and most useful and devoted sons. His brief
career, so suddenly cut short by this dispensation of an all-wise Providence,
was sufficiently prolonged to crown his name with undying renown and to furnish
an illustrious example to his survivors.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of
Col Porter, with an assurance of our sincerest sympathy and condolence.
ELIJAH FORD, Secretary.
(For the Courier.)
DIRGE ON THE DEATH OF COL. PETER A. PORTER.
BY W. H. C. HOSMER.
Dead and gone, his sword is drawn
In freedom's cause no more;
In this sad strife he offered life,
And slumbers steeped in gore.
Half-mast our Starry flag is hung,
But Porter shall not die unsung.
Brave to a fault he met the foe,—
Received a mortal wound;
The burial spot where he lies low
Henceforth is holy ground:—
His father fought for truth and God,
His son the soil a warrior trod.
Then let the muffled drum be beat,
With crape our banner drest;
Around his coffin let us meet,
While courage fires each breast;
He was a soldier true and tried,
And hearts were broken when he died.
His father in our former wars
Fought for his country well;
And with his person, marked by scars.
He heard the heavy knell
Of gallant men whose course is o'er,
The brave who will combat no more.
Fight as your fathers fought of old
At famous Bunker Hill;
The flag above our sires unrolled
Is bravely fluttering still;
Deprive proud Richmond of a name,
Give her to faggot, and the flame.
Mourn for Niagara's gallant son
Brave Porter who hath died;
A crowning victory was won,
And he his country's pride;
In triumph over death—the grave,
Fell first, and foremost of the brave.
June 4th, 1864.
BY THE LATE COL. PETER A. PORTER.
I met our friends upon a foreign shore,
And asked of thee; they told me thou wert dead.
My lips repeat—"He is no more—no more."
'T was all I said.
Yet sank my spirit in me, and there went
A strange confusion or my saddened brow,
I could not pierce God's infinite intent;
I cannot now.
I only know that He who in thy birth
Had shadow'd forth Himself, though faint and
Decreed how long thou should'st remain on
How long with Him.
And now there comes that Phantom of the Past,
Rousing my soul with its elastic prime;
I see thee still as I saw thee last,
In that glad time.
Radient [sic] in beauty of the form and mind,
And young renown of Academic strife,
Joy lay around; a stainless life behind;
A high priest standing in the temple space
E'er yet the sacrificial rites begin,
A giant waiting for the glorious race
He is to win.
We thought eternal tablets would record
The name with theirs who, since the world
With an immortal strength, and toil and word,
Have wrought for man.
We thought—alas! what thought we not of good,
Or all that hope or promise e'er begat;
Of all save early doom—oh, friend! how could
We think of that!
We could not see the shadows close thee round;
We could not know prophetic cypress shed
Funereal perfume for the wreath that bound
So dear a head."
We could not think the light that from afar
We deemed prelusive of the coming sun,
Was but the parting radiance of his car,
When day is done.
But now I know too well a light's withdrawn,
That made this gloomy earth for me more fair,
A perfume's fled and gentle influence gone
That soothed my care.
And yet not wholly gone; through life's sad vale
Thy soul—now prompting to resemble thee
And now in sad monition when I fail—
Shall walk with me.
With me? oh, yes! but not with me alone,
For in the fair companionship of youth
Others than I have loudly felt and known
Thy love and truth:
Have drunk at learning's font with thee, and seen
How Doubt's dark depths and Thought's wild
Thy mild-eyed faith, so pure and so serene,
Soared like a dove.
Enough: what might have been is not: no more
Shall I return thy grasp, and seek thy glance:
Perchance we meet on heaven's eternal shore:
Back to 8th Heavy Artillery during the Civil
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
July 9, 2007